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Encyclopedia > Falkland Islands Defence Force
British Forces South Atlantic Islands

The tri-service badge: Royal Navy, British Army
and Royal Air Force.
Expenditure
Sterling figure
estimate (FY04/05)
£365 million (part of UK defence
expenditure)
US Dollar figure
(FY04/05)
$657 million
Percent of GDP
(2004)
Approximately 0.03% of UK GDP

The Falkland Islands are an overseas territory of the United Kingdom and, as such, rely on the UK for guarantee of their security. The other UK territories in the South Atlantic, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, fall under the protection of the British forces on the Falklands (also known as British Forces Falkland Islands or British Forces South Atlantic Islands), which includes commitments from the British Army, Royal Air Force and Royal Navy. [1] They are headed by the Commander of the British Forces South Atlantic Islands (CBFSAI). [2] Tri service logo This image is Crown copyright protected. ... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the senior service of the British armed services being the oldest of its three branches. ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... The Royal Air Force (often abbreviated to RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ... GBP redirects here. ... The armed forces of the United Kingdom are known as the British Armed Forces or Her Majestys Armed Forces, officially the Armed Forces of the Crown. ... This article is about general United States currency. ... A United Kingdom overseas territory (formerly known as a dependent territory or earlier as a crown colony) is a territory that is under the sovereignty and formal control of the United Kingdom but is not part of the United Kingdom proper (almost exclusively Great Britain and Northern Ireland). ... For other uses, see Atlantic (disambiguation) The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one-fifth of its surface. ... Motto: Leo Terram Propriam Protegat (Latin: The Lion shall protect his own land) Official language English Capital Grytviken Commissioner Howard Pearce Area  - Total  - % water not ranked 3,093 km² - Population  - Total (2006 E)  - Density not ranked ~20 n/a; Currency GBP Time zone UTC/GMT -2 National anthem God Save... The armed forces of the United Kingdom are known as the British Armed Forces or Her Majestys Armed Forces, officially the Armed Forces of the Crown. ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... The Royal Air Force (often abbreviated to RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the senior service of the British armed services being the oldest of its three branches. ...


The maintenance of only a token military force before the Falklands War allowed Argentina to start that conflict by easily capturing the islands. [3] Following the reclamation of the territory in 1982, the UK invested heavily in the defence of the islands, the centre-piece of which is the new airfield at RAF Mount Pleasant, 25 miles west of the previous base at Stanley. The base was opened in 1985, and became fully operational in 1986. [4] The Falklands War (Spanish: Guerra de las Malvinas), was an effective state of war in 1982 between Argentina and the United Kingdom over the Falkland Islands (also known in Spanish as the Islas Malvinas) and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. ... RAF Mount Pleasant in the Falkland Islands is the most recent purpose-built airfield in the Royal Air Force. ... Official website: http://www. ...

Contents


Royal Air Force

RAF Mount Pleasant, built following the surrender of Argentine invasion forces, is capable of accepting trans-Atlantic aircraft such as the Lockheed Tristar. The Tristar was purchased mainly for the UK-Falklands route, until their entry into service leased 747s and 767s performed air transport. [5] The Lockheed SR-71, remarkably advanced for its time and unsurpassed in many areas of performance The Lockheed U-2 first flew in 1955 providing much needed intelligence on Soviet bloc countries Lockheed Corporation was an aerospace company founded in 1912 which merged with Martin Marietta in 1995 to form... The Lockheed L-1011 TriStar was the third widebody passenger jet airliner to enter operation, following the Boeing 747 and the Douglas DC-10. ... Entry into service is a term frequently used in aviation describing when a particular model of aircraft, spacecraft, or weapon becomes operational. ... The Boeing 747, commonly called the Jumbo Jet, is one of the most recognizable modern jet airliners and is the largest airliner currently in airline service. ... British Airways Boeing 767-300 The Boeing 767 is a commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ...


The RAF's Tornado F3s provide air defence for the islands and surrounding territories. The four aircraft, and the crews that fly them, are rotated with UK based assets. The aircraft are housed in non-hardened shelters, sixteen of which were built for surge operations in time of tension or hostility. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Panavia Tornado. ...


The VC10 provides air transport and aerial refueling for the fighters. When a fighter is launched it almost immediately followed by the VC10 as changeable weather conditions might make diversion to another airfield necessary. The C-130K provides resupply missions through the use of air-drops and also carries out maritime patrol. The latter is an important mission to the Falkland Islands government as the Hercules verifies that all fishing vessels are licensed; at £1,000 per licence per season this is an extremely lucrative source of income. The VC-10 airliner was designed and built by Vickers in the 1960s. ...


The helicopters of 78 Sqn provide air transport missions. The Sea Kings and the Chinook also carry out short and medium range search and rescue missions respectively. The Bell 206 of Canadian Helicopters Robinson Helicopter Company (USA) R44, a four seat development of the R22 A helicopter is an aircraft which is lifted and propelled by one or more horizontal rotors. ... This is a disambiguation page. ... Chinook has several meanings: The Chinookan nation of Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest, which inhabited the lower Columbia River valley in what is now Washington, Oregon, and British Columbia. ... Search and Rescue (acronym SAR) is an operation mounted by emergency services, often well-trained volunteers, to find someone believed to be in distress, lost, sick or injured either in a remote or difficult to access area, such as mountains, desert or forest (Wilderness search and rescue), or at sea...


Organisation

While the UK officially does not foresee any threat to the Falkland Islands, it maintains significant military forces as a deterrent against any aggressor. ... ADV: RAF Tornado F3 RAF Tornado ZA463 Luftwaffe Tornados at CFB Goose Bay, Labrador The Panavia Tornado designates a family of twin-engine fighters jointly developed as the Multi-role combat aircraft or MRCA for United Kingdom, Germany and Italy. ... While the UK officially does not foresee any threat to the Falkland Islands, it maintains significant military forces as a deterrent against any aggressor. ... The VC-10 airliner was designed and built by Vickers in the 1960s. ... Lockheed C-130H Hercules The Lockheed C-130 Hercules is a four-engine turboprop aircraft that serves as the main tactical airlifter for military forces worldwide. ... No. ... The Sea King helicopter is the only helicopter used by the Norwegian rescue service The Westland Sea King is a license-built version of the Sikorsky helicopter of the same name, built by Westland Helicopters. ... A Royal Air Force Chinook A field artillery section slingloading a M-198 howitzer for airlift by a CH-47 Chinook The CH-47 Chinook is a versatile, twin-engine, tandem rotor heavy-lift helicopter. ... The Royal Air Force is the second largest operator of the Boeing CH-47 Chinook of the 16 nations which use the type. ...

Royal Navy

RAF Mount Pleasant has its own port facility [6] and the Royal Navy maintains a presence in the area with a frigate or destroyer in the South Atlantic and a patrol ship permanently close to the islands. In addition an Ice Patrol Ship, HMS Endurance, is on station close to Antarctica for 6 months of the year. The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the senior service of the British armed services being the oldest of its three branches. ... Frigate is a name which has been used for several distinct types of warships at different times. ... USS Lassen, an Arleigh Burke-class destroyer In naval terminology, a destroyer (French: contre-torpilleur, German: Zerstörer, Spanish: destructor, Italian: cacciatorpediniere) is a fast and maneuverable yet long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet or battle group and defend them against smaller, short-range attackers... Motto : Fortitudine Vinvimus (By Endurance We Conquer) see: HMS Endurance ...


The warship carries out the South Atlantic Patrol Task mission which "provides a maritime presence to protect the UK's interests in the region". Currently the Type 42 destroyer HMS Southampton performs the South Atlantic Patrol Task having taken over from HMS Cardiff when she was decommissioned in August 2005. Although the majority of the Royal Navy fleet, unless required, remains training and exercising in and around Home Waters, the Navy has a number of standing commitments, including those held for contingent operations, to provide ships for various missions around the world: // Fleet Flagship and R2 Carrier Normally two aircraft... Type 42 destroyer HMS Manchester Type 42, also known as the Sheffield class, is a class of destroyers of the Royal Navy. ... HMS Southampton (D90) is a Type 42 destroyer of the Royal Navy. ... The third and present HMS Cardiff (D108) is a Type 42 (Batch 1) destroyer of the Royal Navy. ...


The Falkland Islands Patrol ship is a Castle class vessel. Currently HMS Dumbarton Castle patrols the waters of the Falkland Islands having taken over from a 3 year deployment by HMS Leeds Castle when she returned to the UK to be decommissioned at the same time as Cardiff. In 2007 HMS Clyde will relieve HMS Dumbarton Castle and HMS Leeds Castle, currently under construction by VT Group shipbuilders in Portsmouth, it is planned that she will stay permanently in the South Atlantic until 2012. The Castle class was intended as a series of six offshore patrol vessels for the Royal Navy, designed in response to criticism of the previous Island class. ... HMS Dumbarton Castle main role is the protection of the offshore assets of the United Kingdom, including our oil and gas installations and fisheries out to the 200 mile limit. ... The second HMS Leeds Castle is a Castle-class patrol ship built by Hall Russell Co. ... HMS Clyde is a Royal Navy patrol ship currently under construction by VT Group shipbuilders in Portsmouth, England. ... HMS Dumbarton Castle main role is the protection of the offshore assets of the United Kingdom, including our oil and gas installations and fisheries out to the 200 mile limit. ... The second HMS Leeds Castle is a Castle-class patrol ship built by Hall Russell Co. ...


The Royal Navy also has submarines that it can deploy to the area, though such deployments are classified.


British Army

The British Army maintains a small garrison on the Falkland Islands based at Mount Pleasant. The total deployment is about 500 personnel made up of an Infantry Company, an Engineer Squadron, a Signals Unit, a Logistics Group and Supporting Services. [7][8][9] The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ...


The 33 Engineer Regiment (EOD) provides a constant support and is part of the Joint Service Falkland Islands Detachment which consists of RAF and RLC EOD teams. It is mainly based in Stanley but there is also a detachment at Mount Pleasant. The group destroys munitions from the Falklands War that did not explode at the time and briefs troops, tourists and citizens on the areas which are safe and the minefield marking which have been put in place. [10] The Royal Air Force (often abbreviated to RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ... The Royal Logistic Corps is a British Army corps that provides the logistical support for the Army. ... US Soldiers removing landmines. ... Official website: http://www. ... The Falklands War (Spanish: Guerra de las Malvinas), was an effective state of war in 1982 between Argentina and the United Kingdom over the Falkland Islands (also known in Spanish as the Islas Malvinas) and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. ...


There is also a Joint Communications Unit (JCUFI which incorporates the Signals Unit) providing the electronic warfare and command and control systems for the Royal Navy, Army and Air Force stationed there. [11] Electronic warfare (EW) has three main components: Electronic Attack (EA) This is the active use of the electromagnetic spectrum to deny its use by an adversary. ... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the senior service of the British armed services being the oldest of its three branches. ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... The Royal Air Force (often abbreviated to RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ...


The Falkland Islands also maintains its own part-time volunteer force, the Falklands Islands Defence Force, previously known as the Falkland Islands Volunteer Corps. Although this unit existed in 1982 as a reinforcement for the Governor's detachment of Royal Marines, it did not play any part in the War of 1982. [12][13]


Sources

  1. ^ British Forces South Atlantic Islands
  2. ^ Falkland Islands Information Portal
  3. ^ Falklands War
  4. ^ Falkland Islands Government
  5. ^ Royal Air Force
  6. ^ Falkland Islands Portal
  7. ^ British Army
  8. ^ Royal Logistic Corps
  9. ^ Falkland Islands HIVE
  10. ^ Royal Engineers
  11. ^ Royal Corps of Signals
  12. ^ Falkland Islands Defence Force
  13. ^ Falkland Islands Rifle Association

 
 

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