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Encyclopedia > Falange
Part of the Politics series on
Fascism

Definition
Definitions of fascism Politics is the process by which groups make decisions. ... Fascism (IPA: ) is a political ideology and mass movement that seeks to place the nation, defined in exclusive biological, cultural, and/or historical terms, above all other sources of loyalty, and to create a mobilized national community. ... Image File history File links Fasces. ... What constitutes fascism and fascist governments is a highly disputed subject that has proved complicated and contentious. ...


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Iron Guard Italian fascism (in Italian, fascismo) was the authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ... National Socialism redirects here. ... This page pertains to fascism after World War II. For a discussion of groups and movements that also include as core tenets racial nationalism, antisemitism, and praise for Hitler, see Neo-Nazism. ... Léon Degrelle Rexism was a fascist political movement in the first half of the twentieth century in Belgium. ... Ustaše volunteers for the Waffen SS (Domobran Regiment) marching during a parade in the Independent State of Croatia. ... Clerical fascism is an ideological construct that combines the political and economic doctrines of fascism with theology or religious tradition. ... Supporters of the Austrian Christian Social Party in 1934 Austrofascism is a term which is frequently used to describe the authoritarian rule installed in Austria between 1934 and 1938. ... Crypto-fascism is when a party or group secretly adheres to the doctrines of fascism while attempting to disguise it as another political movement. ... This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ... From 1936 to 1941, Greece was ruled by an authoritarian regime under the leadership of General Ioannis Metaxas akin to that of Francos Spain. ... Integralist banner The famous Integralist salute, Anauê!, which means you are my brother! (belived by some to have originated in a Tupi language expression) Brazilian Integralism was a fascist political movement created in April 1933. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


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Fascism Portal
Politics Portal ·  v  d  e 
Yoke and Arrows. Spain, 1940s.

The Falange (or Phalange) is the name assigned to several political movements and parties dating from the 1930s, most particularly the original movement in Spain. The word Falange is derived from the greek word phalangos, meaning Finger. The Phalanx is a formation used in ancient warfare. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1440x1920, 816 KB) Yugo y Flechas. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1440x1920, 816 KB) Yugo y Flechas. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Look up phalanx in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Phalanx (Greek word from phalangos, meaning Finger) can refer to: phalanx formation in ancient warfare. ...


In Spain, the Falange was an authoritarian political organization founded by José Antonio Primo de Rivera in 1933 in opposition to the Second Spanish Republic. Primo de Rivera was a Madrid lawyer, son of General Miguel Primo de Rivera, who had controlled the government of Spain as a dictatorial Prime Minister, with the acquiescence of King Alfonso XIII, in the 1920s. The elder Primo de Rivera believed in state planning and government intervention in the economy, while being opposed philosophically to socialism. His son and the Phalangists he led expressed regret for the demise of the elder Primo de Rivera's regime, and proposed to revive his policies and strengthen the Spanish nation through a program of national-syndicalist social organization. The term authoritarian is used to describe an organization or a state which enforces strong and sometimes oppressive measures against the population, generally without attempts at gaining the consent of the population. ... A political party is a political organization subscribing to a certain ideology or formed around very special issues. ... For other people called Jose Rivera, see Jose Rivera José Antonio Primo de Rivera José Antonio Primo de Rivera, Marqués de Estella (April 24, 1903–November 20, 1936) was the son of general Miguel Primo de Rivera, who was dictator of Spain from 1923 until 1930. ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Spanish dictator Miguel Primo de Rivera y Orbaneja Miguel Primo de Rivera y Orbaneja, Marqués de Estella (Jerez, January 8, 1870 - Paris, March 16, 1930) was a Spanish military official who ruled Spain as a dictator from 1923 to 1930, ending the turno system of alternating parties. ... Alfonso XIII of Spain (May 17, 1886 - February 28, 1941), King of Spain, posthumous son of Alfonso XII of Spain, was proclaimed King at his birth. ... National Syndicalism is typically associated with the right-wing labor movement in Italy which would later become the basis for Mussolini’s Fascist Party. ...


During the Spanish Civil War the Falange became a leading force on the Nationalist side. During the war, the Falange was combined by decree (Unification Decree) with the Carlist party, under the sole command of Generalísimo Franco, forming the core of the sole official political organization in Spain, the Falange Española Tradicionalista y de las Juntas de Ofensiva Nacional-Sindicalista, or "Spanish Traditionalist Phalanx of the Assemblies of National-Syndicalist Offensive" (FET y de las JONS). This organization, also known as the National Movement (Movimiento Nacional) after 1945, continued until Franco's death in 1975. Combatants Spanish Republic CNT-FAI UGT POUM Soviet Union International Brigades Spanish State Falangists Carlists Fascist Italy Nazi Germany Army Comrades Association Commanders Manuel Azaña Francisco Largo Caballero Juan Negrín Francisco Franco Casualties Civilians killed/wounded = hundreds of thousands The Spanish Civil War, which lasted from July 17... Nationalism is an ideology that creates and sustains a nation as a concept of a common identity for groups of humans. ... Carlism is a traditionalist, legitimist political movement in Spain seeking, among other things, the establishment of a separate line of the Bourbon family on the Spanish throne. ... Generalísimo Francisco Franco, caudillo de España por la gracia de Dios Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco y Bahamonde Salgado Pardo de Andrade (December 4, 1892 - November 20, 1975), abbreviated Francisco Franco Bahamonde and sometimes known as Generalísimo Francisco Franco, was dictator of Spain from 1939 until... States in which a single party is constitutionally linked to power are coloured in brown. ... The Falange Española Tradicionalista y de las Juntas de Ofensiva Nacional-Sindicalista (FET y de las JONS) was the official political party founded by Francisco Franco April 19, 1937 in the midst of the Spanish Civil War, bringing under one umbrella his Carlist and Falangist supporters. ... National Syndicalism is typically associated with the right-wing labor movement in Italy which would later become the basis for Mussolini’s Fascist Party. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ...


Members of the party were called Falangists (Spanish: Falangistas).

Contents

Ideology

National Syndicalism is typically associated with the right-wing labor movement in Italy which would later become the basis for Mussolini’s Fascist Party. ... The concept of the corporate state developed under the context of Fascism in Mussolinis Italy as a means of regulating industrial relations. ... Class struggle is class conflict looked at from a Marxist, libertarian socialist, or anarchist perspective. ... The Spanish Trade Union Organisation (in Spanish: Organización Sindical Española), commonly known as Sindicato Vertical (literally, vertical trade union), was the only legal trade union organisation in Francoist Spain (1940-1975). ... In classical economics and all micro-economics labour is one of three factors of production, the others being land and capital. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... This article or section needs a complete rewrite for the reasons listed on the talk page. ... Farmer spreading grasshopper bait in his alfalfa field. ... Military flag of the Spanish Empire from the 16th century up to 1843. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Anarchism is the name of a political philosophy or a group of doctrines and attitudes that are centered on rejection of any form of compulsory government (state)[1] and supporting its elimination. ...

Symbols

The yoke and arrows were carried from JONS.
The yoke and arrows were carried from JONS.
Shirt Shield from the Frente de Juventudes, 1950s.
  • El yugo y las flechas (the yoke and arrows), the symbol of the Reyes Católicos.
  • The blue shirt, a symbol of industrial workers.
  • Cara al Sol, "Facing the sun", its anthem.
  • The red beret of Carlism (after the unification).
  • A flag with red, black and red vertical stripes.
  • The Swan as a symbol of Cardenal Cisneros (Frente de Juventudes branch).

Image File history File links Elfas14b. ... Image File history File links Elfas14b. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1920x2560, 1225 KB) Escudo en metal del Frente de Juventudes. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1920x2560, 1225 KB) Escudo en metal del Frente de Juventudes. ... Madonna of the Catholic Monarchs, painted ca 1490–95; Ferdinand and the infante Juan are at the Madonnas right hand (with the Inquisitor), Isabella at the left The Catholic Monarchs (Spanish: Reyes Católicos) is the collective title used in history for Queen Lisabella I of Castile and King... Cara al Sol (Spanish for Facing the Sun) is the anthem of the Falange, the main current of Spanish Fascism. ... An anthem is a choral composition to an English religious text sung in church services. ... Basque style Beret Black beret with military emblem A beret (pronounced in English, except in American English in which it is pronounced ) is a soft round cap, usually of wool felt, with a flat crown, which is worn by both men and women. ... Genera Cygnus Bechstein 1803 Coscoroba Reichenbach 1853 Swans are large water birds of the family Anatidae, which also includes geese and ducks. ...

Early history

The year after its founding, the Falange united with the Juntas de Ofensiva Nacional-Sindicalista of Onésimo Redondo, Ramiro Ledesma Ramos, and others, becoming Falange Española de las Juntas de Ofensiva Nacional-Sindicalista. Symbol of J.O.N.S. Juntas de Ofensiva Nacional-Sindicalista was a far-right National Syndicalist movement in Spain. ... Ramiro Ledesma Ramos (May 23, 1905, Alfaraz de Sayago, Zamora—October 29, 1936, Aravaca, Madrid) was a Spanish national syndicalist-fascist politician, essayist, and journalist. ... The Falange (or Phalange) is the name assigned to several political movements and parties dating from the 1930s, most particularly the original movement in Spain. ...


During the Second Spanish Republic, its members became involved in many street shootings with leftist revolutionaries. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


After the electoral victory of the Popular Front, the party suffered some official persecution and Primo de Rivera was arrested on (6 July 1936). As a result, the Falange joined the conspiracy to overthrow the Republic. On 17 July, the African army led by Franco rebelled. The next day nationalist forces in mainland Spain, including Primo de Rivera's party, followed suit. The Popular Front (Spanish Popular Front) was an electoral coalition and pact signed in January 1936 by various left-wing political organisations, instigated by Manuel Azaña for the purpose of contesting that years election. ... July 6 is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 178 days remaining. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco y Bahamonde Salgado Pardo (4 December 1892 – 20 November or possibly 19 November[1] 1975), abbreviated “Francisco Franco y Bahamonde” and commonly known as “Generalísimo Francisco Franco” (pron. ...


Spanish Civil War

During the Spanish Civil War, the Falangists fought on the Nationalist side against the Left-led Republic, being the fastest growing party on their side (from a few thousands to some hundred thousand members before the Unification). Combatants Spanish Republic CNT-FAI UGT POUM Soviet Union International Brigades Spanish State Falangists Carlists Fascist Italy Nazi Germany Army Comrades Association Commanders Manuel Azaña Francisco Largo Caballero Juan Negrín Francisco Franco Casualties Civilians killed/wounded = hundreds of thousands The Spanish Civil War, which lasted from July 17...


The command of the party rested upon Manuel Hedilla, as many of the first generation leaders were dead or incarcerated by the Republicans. Among them was Primo de Rivera, incarcerated in Alicante As a result, he was referred to among the leadership as el Ausente, (the Absent One). On 20 November 1936 (a date since known as 20-N in Spain), Primo de Rivera was executed in a Republican prison, giving him martyr status among the Falangists. Location of Alicante in Spain Alicante (Castillian Spanish) or Alacant (Valencian) is the capital of the province of Alicante and of the comarca of the Alacantí, in the southern part of the Valencian community, Spain, a historic Mediterranean port. ... El Ausente -- A Spanish expression meaning the Absent One. The Falangist supporters of José Antonio Primo de Rivera called him by this name after his arrest by Republican forces in the Spanish Civil War, to symbolize his importance as a leader of the Nationalist forces, despite his absence. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 20-N is an abbrevation for two well known dates in Spainish history. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


After Franco seized power, on 19 April 1937 Franco united under his command the Falange with the Carlist Comunión Tradicionalista, forming Falange Española Tradicionalista y de las JONS (FET de las JONS), whose official ideology were the falangist's 27 puntos. Despite this, the party was in fact a wide ranging nationalist coalition, closely controlled by Franco. Parts of the original Falangist (including Hedilla) and most Carlists did not join the unified party. 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Carlism is a traditionalist, legitimist political movement in Spain seeking, among other things, the establishment of a separate line of the Bourbon family on the Spanish throne. ...


Most of the property of all other parties and trade unions were assigned to the party. In 1938, all trade unions where unified under falangist command. A Trade Union (Labour union) ... is a continuous association of wage-earners for the purpose of maintaining or improving the conditions of their employment. ...


After the war

After the war, the party was charged with developing an ideology for Franco's regime. This job became a cursus honorum for ambitious politicians -- new converts, who were called camisas nuevas ("new shirts") in opposition to the more overtly populist and ideological "old shirts" from before the war. The cursus honorum (Latin: succession of magistracies) was the sequential order of public offices held by aspiring politicians in both the Roman Republic and the early Empire. ...


The Falange also developed youth organizations (Flechas, Pelayos; compare to Hitlerjugend and Italian Balilla and Arditi), a female section (Sección Femenina) led by José Antonio's sister, that instructed young women on how to be "good patriots, good Christians and good wives", and a student's union (the Sindicato Unificado de Estudiantes (SEU)) -mandatory till the 50's. Pelayo (690–737) was the first King of Asturias, ruling from 718 until his death. ... The German Nazi party established the Hitler Youth (in German: Hitler-Jugend or HJ) in 1926. ... Opera Nazionale Balilla (ONB) was a Italian Fascist youth organization functioning, as an addition to school education, between 1926 and 1937 (the year it was fused into the Gioventù Italiana del Littorio, GIL, a youth section of the National Fascist Party). ... Arditi was the name adopted by Italian Army elite assault troops of World War I. The name derives from the Italian verb Ardire (to dare) and translates as the braves. Reparti dassalto (Assault Units) were formed in the summer of 1917 by Colonel Bassi, and were assigned the tactical...


After the opening to the United States and the Spanish Miracle of the 1960s, Franco began working with younger, more technocratic politicians linked to Opus Dei. A white Seat 600 The Spanish Miracle was the name given to the Spanish economic recovery between 1959 and 1969. ... Technocrat can refer to: An individual who makes decisions based solely on technical information and not personal or public opinion. ... Josemaría Escrivá, the founder of Opus Dei Opus Dei, formally known as The Prelature of the Holy Cross and Opus Dei, is an international organization which is part of the Roman Catholic Church. ...


Post-Franco era

After Franco's death (20 November 1975, also known as "20-N") the Spanish Crown was restored to the House of Borbón in the person of HM King Juan Carlos, and a move towards democratization begun under Adolfo Suárez, a former chief of the movimiento. The new situation splintered the Falange. In the first elections in 1977, three different groups fought in court for the right to the Falangist name. Today, decades after the fall of the Francoist regime, Spain still has a minor Falangist element, represented by a number of tiny political parties. Chief among these are Falange Auténtica, Falange Española Independiente, FE - La Falange and Falange Española de las Juntas de Ofensiva Nacional-Sindicalista, the latter taking its name from the historical party. Vastly reduced in size and power today, these Falangist-inspired parties are rarely seen publicly except on ballot papers, in State-funded TV election advertisements, and during demonstrations on historic dates, like November 20 (death of Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera and General Francisco Franco). 20-N is an abbrevation for two well known dates in Spainish history. ... ... It has been suggested that France: Wars of Religion - Bourbon Dynasty be merged into this article or section. ... King Juan Carlos I His Majesty King Juan Carlos I (Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón), styled HM The King (born January 5, 1938), is the reigning King of Spain. ... Democratization is the transition from an authoritarian or a semi-authoritarian political system to a democratic political system. ... Adolfo Suárez González, Duke of Suárez (born September 25, 1932) was Spains first democratically elected prime minister after the dictatorship of General Francisco Franco. ... The Spanish transition to democracy or new Bourbon restoration was the era when Spain moved from the dictatorship of Francisco Franco to a liberal democratic state. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... November 20 is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ...


Falangism today

Despite changing times, Falangism remains a living political philosophy. The Kataeb, a political party in Lebanon, also espouses a Falangist ideology, and is the most prominent nationalist organization in the region; in Bolivia there is a political party called Falange Socialista Boliviana. In America, one small group, the Christian Falangist Party of America, inspired by Kataeb, was formed in 1985. It is vehement in rejecting racism, antisemitism, and neo-nazism and espousing traditional National Syndicalism, which it claims is neither racist nor socialist in nature. The Kataeb Party, better known in English-speaking countries as the Phalange, is a Lebanese political party that was first established as a Maronite nationalist youth movement in 1936 by Pierre Gemayel. ... FSB symbol The Bolivian Socialist Falange (Spanish: Falange Socialista Boliviana) was a Bolivian party established in the year 1937. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... The Christian Falangist Party of America (or CFPA) is a Christian Right political party in the United States. ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... The Eternal Jew (German: Der ewige Jude): 1937 German poster advertising an antisemitic Nazi movie. ... The terms Neo-Nazism and Neo-Fascism refer to any social or political movement to revive Nazism or Fascism, respectively, and postdates the Second World War. ... National Syndicalism is typically associated with the right-wing labor movement in Italy which would later become the basis for Mussolini’s Fascist Party. ...


Debate

Whether or not Falangism is an right wing movement is a topic of constant debate between those who consider themselves Falangists and people of other parties, particularly extreme leftists. That is because Falangists consider themselves to be neither rightists nor leftists, but members of a nationalist, and distributist movement whose roots lay deeply in the Catholic Church. The Falange or sometimes the Phalange is the name assigned to several political movements and parties dating from the 1930s, most particularly the original movement in Spain. ... In politics, right-wing, the political right, or simply the right, are terms which refer, with no particular precision, to the segment of the political spectrum in opposition to left-wing politics. ... The term far left refers to the relative position a person or group occupies within the political spectrum. ... In politics, right-wing, the political right, or simply the right, are terms which refer, with no particular precision, to the segment of the political spectrum in opposition to left-wing politics. ... In politics, left-wing, political left, leftism, or simply the left, are terms which refer (with no particular precision) to the segment of the political spectrum typically associated with any of several strains of socialism, social democracy, or liberalism (especially in the American sense of the word), or with opposition... Eugène Delacroixs Liberty Leading the People, symbolizing French nationalism during the July Revolution. ... Distributism, also known as distributionism and distributivism, is a third-way economic philosophy formulated by such Catholic thinkers as G. K. Chesterton and Hilaire Belloc to apply the principles of social justice theoretically articulated by the Roman Catholic Church, especially in Pope Leo XIIIs encyclical Rerum Novarum. ...


As their actions were not sympathetic neither to the left-wing parties (their program was addressed to low and middle-class people, so it was a competition for the same "market") nor the right-wing (due their distributist policy), most of the analysts supported by any political group agree that Falangism is, indeed, a right-wing, monarchic, traditionalist anti-democratic, political movement due to its emphasis on family, free enterprise, and regionalism. In politics, right-wing, the political right, or simply the right, are terms which refer, with no particular precision, to the segment of the political spectrum in opposition to left-wing politics. ... For related meanings see also Monarch (disambiguation) A monarchy, (from the Greek monos archein, meaning one ruler) is a form of government that has a monarch as Head of State. ... A tradition is a story or a custom that is memorized and passed down from generation to generation, originally without the need for a writing system. ... Democracy (literally rule by the people, from the Greek δημοκρατία-demokratia demos, people, and kratos, rule) is a form of government by the will of the people. ... A family in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso in 1997 A family consists of a domestic group of people (or a number of domestic groups), typically affiliated by birth or marriage, or by analogous or comparable relationships — including domestic partnership, cohabitation, adoption, surname and (in some cases) ownership (as occurred in the... Free Enterprise is am economic system characterized by private or corporate ownership of capital goods; investments that are determined by private decision rather than by state control; and determined in a free market. ... Regionalism could be Regionalism (politics) Regionalism (literature) Regionalism (art) Regionalism (linguistics) Category: ...


The reality is that the deep base of their program have strong anti-capitalist unionist and Republican foundations. Falange leaders since 1934 have rejected the connection of the Falange to Fascism, or Nazism as - so they stress - the Falange may have some similarities, as the opposition to marxism, the Roman salute or their aim for a presidential regime; but their ideology is primarily based on the aim for the Spanish community of nations (thinking of Latin-America); Catholic, in the sense of ethics and social justice; and based on the unions. On the other side, Fascist parties were in support for totalitarian and atheistic regimes. For other uses, see Capitalism (disambiguation). ... The word Unionist, simply meaning one espousing a union, has a number of connotations, depending on context: Unionists are people in Ireland, England, Scotland and Wales who were historically in favour of uniting their nations into a United Kingdom, or who in modern times wish their nations to remain part... Look up republican in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Fascism (IPA: ) is a political ideology and mass movement that seeks to place the nation, defined in exclusive biological, cultural, and/or historical terms, above all other sources of loyalty, and to create a mobilized national community. ... National Socialism redirects here. ...


The facts are that Primo de Rivera publicly rejected the invitation to the International Fascism meeting, and also rejected the recruitment of monarchic relevant politicians, even when there were strong personal links with some of them (e.g. José Calvo-Sotelo, Finance Minister with his father, Miguel Primo de RIvera). Fascism (IPA: ) is a political ideology and mass movement that seeks to place the nation, defined in exclusive biological, cultural, and/or historical terms, above all other sources of loyalty, and to create a mobilized national community. ...


See also

Rafael Sánchez Mazas was a Spanish writer and an important leader of the Falange movement. ... An ideology is a collection of ideas. ... The Kataeb Party, better known in English-speaking countries as the Phalange, is a Lebanese political party that was first established as a Maronite nationalist youth movement in 1936 by Pierre Gemayel. ... Maronites (Marunoye ܡܪܘܢܝܐܶ; in Syriac, Mâruniyya مارونية in Arabic) are members of an Eastern Catholic Church in full communion with the Pope of Rome. ... Integralism is a belief that society is an organic unity. ... Fascism (IPA: ) is a political ideology and mass movement that seeks to place the nation, defined in exclusive biological, cultural, and/or historical terms, above all other sources of loyalty, and to create a mobilized national community. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Falange
  • (Spanish) Falange Española de las JONS
  • (Spanish) La Falange, Spanish Falange party website
  • (Spanish) Falange Auténtica
  • Christian Falangist Party of America Christian Falange
  • (Spanish) José Antonio's written legacy

  Results from FactBites:
 
Falange - Encyclopedia.com (1042 words)
Falange [Span.,=phalanx], Spanish political party, founded in 1933 as Falange Española by José António Primo de Rivera, son of the former Spanish dictator.
Merged with the Carlist militia by Francisco Franco in 1937, the organization was renamed Falange Española Tradicionalista and was made the official party of the Nationalist state.
Falange representation in the Cabinet was reduced from six ministers...
Falange - MSN Encarta (201 words)
Falange (Spanishphalanx”), Spanish political party founded in 1933 by José Antonio Primo de Rivera, son of Miguel Primo de Rivera, Spain's dictator during the 1920s.
In 1934 they merged with another pro-fascist group, the Juntas de Ofensiva Nacional Syndicalista (Union of the Nation Syndicalist Offensive), and in the civil war of 1936-1939 supported the rebellion of General Francisco Franco against the Spanish republic.
This composite group became the official party of the Franco dictatorship in its early years, and Primo de Rivera, who had been killed during the civil war, was honored as a national hero.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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