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Encyclopedia > Falafel
Falafel balls
Falafel balls

Falafel ( Arabic: فَلافِِل falaafil , Hebrew: פלאפל‎), also known in Egypt and Sudan as ta'meya (طعمية), is a fried ball or patty made from spiced fava beans and/or chickpeas. It has become a popular form of fast food in the Levant and in the Mashriq (Arab East), where it is also served as a mezze (snack or tapas). The word "falafel" is the plural of the Arabic word فِِلِِفِِل (filfil), meaning pepper.[1] Falafel (Arabic: فلافل) is a 2006 Lebanese film by the director Michel Kammoun. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 368 KB) Source: de. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 368 KB) Source: de. ... Arabic ( or just ) is the largest living member of the Semitic language family in terms of speakers. ... Image File history File links ArFalafel. ... Image File history File links ArFalafel. ... “Hebrew” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Spice (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Vicia faba The fava bean, Vicia faba, is also known as the broad bean in the United Kingdom, horse bean or field bean. ... Binomial name Cicer arietinum L. Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... The Levant The Levant (IPA: /lÉ™vænt/) is an imprecise geographical term historically referring to a large area in the Middle East south of the Taurus Mountains, bounded by the Mediterranean Sea on the west, and by the northern Arabian Desert and Upper Mesopotamia to the east. ... Mashriq or Mashreq is the region of Arabic-speaking countries to the east of Egypt. ... Mezes (pl. ...


Falafel is usually served as a sandwich wrapped in pita bread, and outside the Middle East, the term "falafel" commonly refers to this sandwich—falafel in a pita is typical street food or fast food. Along with the falafel balls, which may be crushed onto the bread or added whole, topping variations are usually included. Falafel balls may also be eaten alone as a snack or served as part of a mezze. During Ramadan they are sometimes eaten as part of an iftar, the meal which breaks the daily fast after sunset. A Wrap is a food product consisting of meat, lettuce or other traditional sandwich fillings wrapped in a pita or tortilla shell. ... For other uses, see Pita (disambiguation). ... A portable night-time Tex-Mex street-food stand outside the Helsinki railway station, Finland. ... Fast food is food prepared and served quickly at a fast-food restaurant or shop at low cost. ... Mezes (pl. ... This article is about Islamic religious observances in the month of Ramadan. ... Iftar (Arabic: إفطار), refers to the evening meal for breaking the daily fast during the Islamic month of Ramadan. ...


Falafel has been part of the diet of Mizrahi Jews for centuries and is a staple of the Israeli diet. It has become the national dish of Israel. [2] Languages Hebrew, Dzhidi, Judæo-Arabic, Gruzinic, Bukhori, Judeo-Berber, Juhuri and Judæo-Aramaic Religions Judaism Related ethnic groups Ashkenazi Jews, Sephardi Jews, other Jewish ethnic divisions and Arabs. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


Falafel is now seen as a uniting, pan-Middle-Eastern dish. In recent years, immigration from the Middle East to Western countries has brought with it a broader availability of Middle Eastern cuisine, and the falafel sandwich has become a popular and iconic food within alternative fast food or slow food movements, and indeed has spread worldwide. The term Middle Eastern cuisine refers to the various cuisines of the Middle East. ... A restaurant placard, Santorini The Slow Food movement was founded by Carlo Petrini in Italy as a resistance movement to combat fast food and claims to preserve the cultural cuisine and the associated food plants and seeds, domestic animals, and farming within an ecoregion. ...


They are also used as a vegan alternative filler to a Döner kebab in many countries. Hens kept in cramped conditions — the avoidance of animal suffering is the primary motivation of people who become vegans A vegan is a person who avoids the ingestion or use of animal products. ... It has been suggested that Shawarma be merged into this article or section. ...

Contents

Ingredients

Falafel is made from fava beans or chickpeas or a combination of the two. The Egyptian variation uses exclusively fava beans, while other variations may only use chickpeas. Unlike many other bean patties, in falafel the beans are not cooked prior to use. Instead they are soaked, possibly skinned, then ground with the addition of a small quantity of onion, parsley, spices,and bicarbonate of soda, and deep fried at a high temperature. Sesame seeds may be added to the balls before they are fried; this is particularly common when falafel is served as a dish on its own rather than as a sandwich filling. Binomial name L. Vicia faba, the broad bean, fava bean, faba bean, horse bean, field bean, tic bean, or foul is a species of bean (Fabaceae) native to north Africa and southwest Asia, and extensively cultivated elsewhere. ... Binomial name Cicer arietinum L. Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ...


Recent culinary trends have seen the triumph of the chickpea falafel over the fava bean falafel. Chickpea falafels are served across the Middle East, and popularized by expatriates of those countries living abroad.


Topping variations

There is more than one way to make a falafel sandwich. Outside the Middle East a Greek-style pita bread is used as a pocket and stuffed with the different ingredients; in Arab countries a round 'khubz' bread, 'eish' in Egypt, is halved, and the two resulting round pieces are used to create a cigar-shaped wrap. In Arab countries, hummus (chickpeas pureed with tahini) is rarely an ingredient. The usual sauce is tahini (sesame seed paste) thinned with water and lemon. The most common salad ingredients are tomato and parsley. In Lebanon parsley is mixed with chopped mint leaves. It is also common in Syria and Lebanon to add pickles; the two canonical ones are pickled turnip, colored pink with beetroot, and pickled cucumber. Many Israelis like to add fried aubergine (eggplant). In Israel, Lebanon and the UAE, French fries are a frequent addition. Also in Israel the pita and hummus are common. Recently, there has been a new "filled" falafel, its center usually consisting of ground meat or minced onions. These fillings are wrapped by the uncooked falafel mixture, and then deep fried. For other uses, see Pita (disambiguation). ... Hummus or hummus bi tahini (Arabic: ; ‎; Armenian Õ°Õ¡Õ´Õ¸Õ½) also spelled hamos, houmous, hommos, hommus, hummos, hummous or humus) is a dip made of ground chickpeas, sesame tahini, lemon juice, and garlic. ... Tahini, jar 453g. ... Motto God, Nation, Royal Family Anthem Ishy Bilady Capital (and largest city) Abu Dhabi Official languages Arabic Demonym Emirati Government Federal constitutional monarchy  -  President Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahayan  -  Prime Minister Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Establishment December 2, 1971  Area  -  Total 83,600 km² (116th) 32,278 sq mi... French fried potatoes, commonly known as French fries or fries (North America) or chips (United Kingdom, Republic of Ireland and Commonwealth) are pieces of potato that have been chopped into batons and deep fried. ...


The salads or the pita itself may be seasoned with sumac or salt; alternatively, these may be applied to the top. In Syria, sumac is practically a universal accompaniment to falafel, whether in a sandwich or otherwise. Falafel is becoming an increasingly common sandwich or snack food. Species About 250 species; see text Rhus is a genus approximately 250 species of woody shrubs and small trees in the family Anacardiaceae. ... For other uses, see Salt (disambiguation). ...


Related dishes

  • In Indian cuisine, ambode is a fried ball of soaked chickpeas. It is usually flattened and pan-fried, and served with chutney. Alternatively, in the South Indian cuisine, paruppu vadai is used to refer to flattened, fried balls (or fritters) of a mix of lentils and chickpeas.
  • Acarajé, an Afro-Brazilian street food from the northeastern state of Bahia, are pureed black-eyed peas formed into a ball and then deep-fried in palm oil.
  • In Italian cuisine, there is a chickpea fritter called frittata di ceci; other similar Italian dishes include panelle and farinata.

One of the most extensive cuisines in the world, the multiple families of Indian cuisine are characterized by their relatively extensive use of spices and herbs. ... Falafel balls Falafel (Arabic: ‎  ,also known in Egypt and Sudan as طعمية ta`amiyya), is a fried ball or patty made from spiced fava beans and/or chickpeas. ... Acarajé. Acarajé is a dish of the Brazilian cuisine. ... Afro-Brazilian or African Brazilian is the term used to racially categorise Brazilian citizens who are black or part-black, yet it is rarely used in Brazil. ... A portable night-time Tex-Mex street-food stand outside the Helsinki railway station, Finland. ... Flag of Bahia See other Brazilian States Capital Salvador Largest City Salvador Area 564 273 km² Population   - Total   - Density 13 070 250 23. ... Trinomial name Vigna unguiculata unguiculata The black-eyed pea, also called black-eyed bean, blackeye, lobiya, rongi, feijão-frade, Alasandee (Kannada name) or chawli/chawle, is a subspecies of the cowpea, grown for its medium-sized edible bean, which mutates easily giving rise to a number of varieties, the... Palm oil from Ghana with its natural dark color visible, 2 litres Palm oil block Palm oil is a form of edible vegetable oil obtained from the fruit of the oil palm tree. ... Although Italian cuisine does have defining features that are found throughout the country, it is composed of highly varied regional cuisines. ... Panelle (or panelle di ceci) are Sicilian fritters made from chickpea flour and other ingredients. ... Farinata (which literally means floured) is a thin, crisp, pizza-like pancake from Liguria, which is also eaten in Alessandria and is similar to the socca from Nice. ...

Trivia

  • Falafel is often referred to as the "national food of Israel".
  • In a 2005 BBC training video on the Middle East conflict, falafel is used by the BBC's Middle East Editor Jeremy Bowen as a metaphor both for the shared heritage of people in the region as well as for the complicated and conflicting truth claims often made by Israelis and Palestinians.
  • TV personality Bill O'Reilly is nicknamed the Falafel Guy, after mistaking the loofah sponge with falafel in an alleged phone conversation with Andrea Mackris.

The British Broadcasting Corporation, which is usually known as the BBC, is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the United Kingdom alone and with a budget of more than GB£4 billion. ... Jeremy Bowen has been Middle East Editor for BBC News since June 2005. ... The Palestinian flag, adopted in 1948, is a widely recognized modern symbol of the Palestinian people. ... It has been suggested that Bill OReilly political beliefs and points of view be merged into this article or section. ... Andrea Mackris, and her lawyer Benedict Morelli at a news conference in New York City, Wednesday, 13 October 2004. ... A loofa, loofah or luffa (genus Luffa), is a gourd which is used as a bath sponge after being processed to remove everything but the network of veins in the fruit. ... It has been suggested that Bill OReilly political beliefs and points of view be merged into this article or section. ... Andrea Mackris, and her lawyer Benedict Morelli at a news conference in New York City, Wednesday, 13 October 2004. ...

References

  1. ^ “Falafel.” The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2000. Accessed on April 6, 2006.
  2. ^ Yael Raviv, "Falafel: A National Icon", Gastronomica, Summer 2003, 3:3:20-25. Discusses how an Arab dish became "the national food of Israel".

is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

Arab cuisine is the cuisine of the Arab countries. ... Sabich is an oriental food popular in Israel. ...

Bibliography

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Falafel
  • Jodi Kantor, "A History of the Mideast in the Humble Chickpea".[1]
  • Yael Raviv, "Falafel: A National Icon", Gastronomica, Summer 2003, 3:3:20-25. Discusses how an Arab dish became "the national food of Israel".

  Results from FactBites:
 
Britain.tv Wikipedia - Falafel (760 words)
Falafel is usually served in a pita bread wrap (i.e.
Falafel balls may also be eaten alone as a snack or served as part of a mezze.
Falafel is made from fava beans or chick peas or a combination of the two.
Many countries claim the Middle Eastern falafel, but anyone can enjoy it (1027 words)
Falafel is made of chickpeas, one of the earliest-known cultivated plants, and it is eaten throughout the Middle East.
Falafel is Israeli as opposed to Jewish, and it is loved by all the different communities that live together in the country, no matter which religion.
She put her personal spin on falafel: "When we were in Israel, we went to a falafel stand where they put the falafel in the pita and then you could add all the garnishes you wanted from a salad bar full of roasted vegetables.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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