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Encyclopedia > Fairouz
Image:Fairuz1971.jpg
Fairuz at Carnegie Hall in 1971

Fairuz (also spelled Fairouz) (born 21 November 1935?) is a Lebanese singer greatly admired throughout the Arab world.


Fairuz was born Nouhad Haddad, her father is Wadee Haddad, mother Lisa Alboustani. Her family was an Orthodox family in the town of Jabal Al Arz and grew up in Beirut. She began her musical career as a member of the chorus of the Lebanese state radio network. Her talent was soon recognized and she was engaged for solo performances.


Shortly thereafter Fairuz began a long and fruitful collaboration with Assy and Mansour Rahbani, who wrote many songs for her. (Mansour wrote the lyrics and Assy, whom Fairuz married in 1954, composed the music). They started to receive invitations to travel to Cairo, Damascus and other Arab cities to perform.


In 1971, Fairuz and the Rahbani brothers made a successful tour of the United States followed by visits to many other countries. Fairuz performed in Albert Hall in London, Carnegie Hall in New York and the Paris Olympia.


Fairuz's early recordings were an innovative mixture of Arab instruments and musical idioms with European instruments, such as violins, and dance rhythms, combining Fairuz's distinct vocal timbre with lyrics that expressed nostalgia for village life. Later recordings featured jazz-tinted compositions, some of which were written by her son, Ziad Rahbani.


Fairuz also starred in three motion pictures produced in the 1960s.


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