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Encyclopedia > Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting
Topics in journalism
Professional issues

Ethics & news values
Objectivity & attribution
News source & libel law
News & reporting & writing
Education & fourth estate
Other topics & books
Journalism is a discipline of gathering, writing and reporting news, and more broadly it includes the process of editing and presenting the news articles. ... Journalism ethics and standards include principles of ethics and of good practice to address the specific challenges faced by professional journalists. ... News values determine how much prominence a news story is given by a media outlet. ... Objectivity is frequently held to be essential to journalistic professionalism (particularly in the United States); however, there is some disagreement about what the concept consists of. ... It has been suggested that Attribution (journalism) be merged into this article or section. ... Source is a term used in journalism to refer to any individual from whom information about a story has been received. ... “Libel” redirects here. ... For other uses, see News (disambiguation). ... A reporter is a type of journalist who researches and presents information in certain types of mass media. ... News style is the prose style of short, front-page newspaper stories and the news bulletins that air on radio and television. ... In modern times, television reporters are part of the fourth estate. ... List of journalism topics A-D AP Stylebook Arizona Republic Associated Press Bar chart Canadian Association of Journalists Chart Citizen journalism Committee to Protect Journalists Conservative bias Copy editing Desktop publishing E-J Editor Freedom of the press Graphic design Hedcut Headline Headlinese Hostile media effect House style Information graphic... List of books related to journalism: The Art of Editing, by Floyd K. Baskette, Jack Z. Scissors, Brian S. Brooks Designing Infographics The Elements of Journalism What Newspeople Should Know and the Public Should Expect, by Bill Kovach and Tom Rosenstiel Infographics, by James Glen Stovall Media Management in the...


Advocacy journalism
Alternative journalism
Arts journalism
Business journalism
Citizen journalism
Fashion journalism
Investigative journalism
Literary journalism
Science journalism
Sports journalism
Video game journalism
Video journalism
Advocacy journalism is a genre of journalism which is strongly fact-based, but may seek to support a point-of-view in some public or private sector issue. ... As long as there has been media there has been alternative media. ... Arts journalism is a branch of journalism concerned with the reporting and discussion monkeys giblets and squirrels rectums. ... Business journalism includes coverage of companies, the workplace, personal finance, and economics, including unemployment and other economic indicators. ... Citizen journalism, also known as participatory journalism, is the act of citizens playing an active role in the process of collecting, reporting, analyzing and disseminating news and information, according to the seminal report We Media: How Audiences are Shaping the Future of News and Information, by Shayne Bowman and Chris... Fashion journalism is an umbrella term used to describe all aspects of published fashion media. ... Investigative journalism is a kind of journalism in which reporters deeply investigate a topic of interest, often involving crime, political corruption, or some other scandal. ... Creative nonfiction is a genre of literature, also known as literary journalism, which uses literary skills in the writing of nonfiction. ... Assault landing One of the first waves at Omaha Beach as photographed by Robert F. Sargent. ... Science journalism is a relatively new branch of journalism, which uses the art of reporting to convey information about science topics to a public forum. ... Sports Journalism is a form of journalism that reports on sports topics and events. ... Video game journalism is a branch of journalism concerned with the reporting and discussion of video games. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...

Social impact

Infotainment & celebrity
'Infotainers' & personalities
News management
Distortion & VNRs
PR & propaganda
'Yellow' journalism
Press freedom
Infotainment (a portmanteau of information and entertainment) refers to a general type of media broadcast program which provides a combination of current events news and feature news, or features stories. Infotainment also refers to the segments of programming in television news programs which overall consist of both hard news segments... Infotainers are entertainers in infotainment media, such as news anchors or news personalities who cross the line between journalism (quasi-journalism) and entertainment within the broader news trade. ... Infotainment or soft news, refers to a part of the wider news trade that provides information in a way that is considered entertaining to its viewers, as evident by attraction of a higher market demographic. ... Managing the news refers to acts which are intended to influence the presentation of information within the news media. ... Distorted news or planted news are terms in journalism for two deviated aspects of the wider news media wherein media outlets deliberately present false data, evidence, or sources as factual, in contradiction to the ethical practices in professional journalism. ... A video news release (VNR) is a video segment created by a PR firm, advertising agency, marketing firm, corporation, or government agency and provided to television news stations for the purpose of informing, shaping public opinion, or to promote and publicize individuals, commercial products and services, or other interests. ... Public relations (PR): Building sustainable relations with all publics in order to create a postive brand image. ... Soviet Propaganda Poster during the Great Patriotic War. ... Nasty little printers devils spew forth from the Hoe press in this Puck cartoon of Nov. ... Freedom Freedom of the press (or press freedom) is the guarantee by a government of free public press for its citizens and their associations, extended to members of news gathering organizations, and their published reporting. ...

News media

Newspapers & magazines
News agencies
Broadcast journalism
Online & blogging
Alternative media News media satellite up-link trucks and photojournalists gathered outside the Prudential Financial headquarters in Newark, New Jersey in August, 2004 following the announcement of evidence of a terrorist threat to it and to buildings in New York City. ... This article is about the magazine as a published medium. ... A news agency is an organization of journalists established to supply news reports to organizations in the news trade: newspapers, magazines, and radio and television broadcasters. ... Broadcast journalism refers to television news and radio news, as well as the online news outlets of broadcast affiliates. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Alternative media are defined most broadly as those media practices falling outside the mainstreams of corporate communication. ...


Journalist, reporter, editor, news presenter, photo journalist, Columnist, visual journalist The terms news trade or news business refers to news-related organizations in the mass media (or information media) as a business entity —associated with but distinct from the profession of journalism. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... A Female Reporter A reporter is a type of journalist who researches and presents information in certain types of mass media. ... Editing may also refer to audio or film editing. ... ITV newscaster Mark Austin. ... Assault landing One of the first waves at Omaha Beach as photographed by Robert F. Sargent. ... A columnist is a journalist who produces a specific form of writing for publication called a column. Columns appear in newspapers, magazines and the Internet. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...

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Fairness & Accuracy In Reporting (FAIR), is a media criticism organization based in New York, New York, founded in 1986. Media Studies is the academic study of the constitution and effects of media. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ...

FAIR describes itself on its website as "the national media watch group" and defines its mission as working to "invigorate the First Amendment by advocating for greater diversity in the press and by scrutinizing media practices that marginalize public interest, minority and dissenting viewpoints." FAIR refers to itself as a "progressive group".[1] It has been described by Columbia Journalism Review's Michael Scherer[2] and by the Associated Press's television writer David Brauder[3] as a "liberal media watchdog". This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Progressivism is a term that refers to a broad school of international social and political philosophies. ... The Columbia Journalism Review (CJR) is an American magazine for professional journalists published bimonthly by the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism since 1961. ... The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ...

FAIR claims that in the range of opinion discussed in the mass media, the right edge of discussion is usually represented by a committed supporter of right-wing causes, while the left edge, by contrast, is often represented by a centrist.[4]

First published in 1987, Extra!, FAIR's bimonthly magazine, features analyses of current media bias, censorship, and effects of media consolidation. Covering a variety of issues, FAIR addresses news coverage that it finds biased with rebuttals. FAIR also produces CounterSpin, a half-hour radio program hosted by Janine Jackson, Steve Rendall, and Peter Hart, recorded at MercerMedia in NYC. It broadcasts nationally on over 130 radio stations and is available in MP3 and RealAudio format on the web. 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Extra! is a bimonthly magazine of media criticism published by the media watch group FAIR. First published in 1987, its first full-time editor was Martin A. Lee. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Censorship is defined as the removal and withholding of information from the public by a controlling group or body. ... CounterSpin is a weekly, half-hour radio program produced by the progressive media watch group Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting (FAIR). ... Janine Jackson (born January 30, 1965 in Wilmington, Delaware) is the program director of FAIR (Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting), and the co-host and co-producer of FAIRs syndicated radio show CounterSpin--a weekly program of media criticism airing on more than 130 stations around the country. ... Peter Hart is a Canadian historian, specialising in modern Irish History. ... Broadcasting is the distribution of audio and/or video signals which transmit programs to an audience. ... For LP MPEG-1 Audio Layer 3, more commonly referred to as MP3, is a popular audio encoding format. ... RealAudio is a proprietary audio format developed by RealNetworks. ...


Notable Events

On Super Bowl Sunday in 1993, a public service announcement was seen on NBC, just before game coverage, which stated that "domestic violence is a crime." This PSA was the result of weeks of work by FAIR and a coalition of anti-violence groups who convinced NBC and NBC Sports to broadcast it in that time slot. In the United States, Super Sunday generally refers to the Sunday of the National Football Leagues championship game, the Super Bowl. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... NBC (a former acronym for National Broadcasting Company) is an American television network headquartered in the GE Building in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... NBC Sports logo NBC Sports is a division of NBC, responsible for the televising of many sports events on the network. ...

In May 2002, Jeff Cohen, a FAIR founder, left the organization to work as a producer on Phil Donahue's short-lived talk show on MSNBC. Jeff Cohen is the founder of Fairness & Accuracy In Reporting, a left-leaning media watchdog group in the US. He is the co-author of four books which critique media bias, mainly written with Norman Solomon. ... Phil Donahue Phillip John Donahue (b. ... MSNBC, a combination of MSN and NBC, is a 24-hour cable news channel in the United States and Canada, and a news website. ...

In October 2002, FAIR's Action Alert citing the misrepresentation of the size of a massive anti-war rally led to an NPR apology to its listeners and a follow up article in the New York Times that Editor & Publisher suggested was written "in response to many organized protest letters sent to the Times since the paper's weak, and inaccurate, initial article about the march on Sunday." The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... E&P redirects here. ...

In February 2004, FAIR's Action Alert led ABC World News Tonight and the New York Times to expand their coverage of a federal marriage amendment to explain the legal ramifications to the issue resulted in both media channels.[citation needed] ABC World News Tonight (often abbreviated as WNT) is the ABC television networks flagship evening news program. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ...

In 2006, FAIR criticized United States press coverage of Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez, arguing against the position that "... Hugo Chávez is an autocrat who has consolidated one-party rule".[5]. FAIR has often defended the Chávez government from international and media criticism [6] [7] [8] [9] [10]. President Hugo Chávez Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías (born July 28, 1954) has been the President of Venezuela since 1999. ...


See also

Accuracy In Media (AIM) is an American organization which monitors the news media in the United States. ... Image:BBozell. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... MediaLens is a media analysis website based in the United Kingdom. ... Screenshot from Media Matters for America (Jan 6, 2006) Media Matters for America (or MMfA) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization founded in 2004 by liberal (formerly conservative) journalist and author David Brock; it is an organization that hosts a website featuring watchdog journalism. ...

External links

  Results from FactBites:
FAIR in the News (2361 words)
According to a June report by Julie Hollar of the national media watch group Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting (FAIR), wrapping Africa stories in celebrity news is par for the course.
FAIR was established to combat and identify inaccuracies and biases in media outlets.
Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting, the liberal media watch group, has a devastating piece out on the anniversary with all the pundits who not only, you know, were cheerleaders, but attacked the patriotism of anybody who opposed this.
Fair Credit Reporting Act (9189 words)
A consumer reporting agency may not prohibit a user of a consumer report furnished by the agency on a consumer from disclosing the contents of the report to the consumer, if adverse action against the consumer has been taken by the user based in whole or in part on the report.
The consumer reporting agency shall promptly provide to the person who provided the information in dispute all relevant information regarding the dispute that is received by the agency from the consumer after the period referred to in subparagraph (A) and before the end of the period referred to in paragraph (1)(A).
A consumer reporting agency shall provide written notice to a consumer of the results of a reinvestigation under this subsection not later than 5 business days after the completion of the reinvestigation, by mail or, if authorized by the consumer for that purpose, by other means available to the agency.
  More results at FactBites »



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