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Encyclopedia > Fairmount Park

Depending upon the criteria, Fairmount Park in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is the largest municipal public park in the world at over 9,100 acres (37 km²). This figure includes all parkland within the city limits, as all 65 city parks are considered part of Fairmount Park and overseen by the Fairmount Park Commission. Fairmount Park proper occupies nearly half that area at over 4,100 acres (17 km²). It stretches along the banks of the Schuylkill River from South Street in south Philadelphia to City Avenue (West Philadelphia’s northern boundary) and along the banks of Wissahickon Creek from the southeastern corner of Manayunk to the northwestern corner of the city. On the south end, the park connects with the Schuylkill Banks and on the north end, Valley Forge National Historical Park. Image File history File links FairmountParkLogo. ... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Cradle of Liberty, the City That Loves You Back, the Quaker City, The Birthplace of America Motto: Philadelphia maneto - Let brotherly love continue Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor... Official language(s) None Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ... An Australian park A park is any of a number of geographic features. ... The Schuylkill River, pronounced SKOO-kull (IPA: ), is a river in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... Wissahickon Creek is a stream in southeastern Pennsylvania. ... Manayunk is neighborhood in the northwestern section of the United States city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... The Schuylkill Banks is eight miles of waterfront, which was constructed as a biking and walking trail that extends from Fairmount Park at the Philadelphia Museum of Art. ... Valley Forge is also the name of a nearby town: Valley Forge, Pennsylvania Recreation of officers cabins at Valley Forge. ...

The park grew out of the Lemon Hill estate of Henry Pratt and was dedicated to the public by the City Council by government ordinance on September 15, 1855. A series of state and local legislative acts over the next three years increased the holdings of the city, incorporating mansions, waterworks, gardens, and even territory previously set aside for the “Zoological Society of Philadelphia.” It was upon this diverse canvas that the city called for a comprehensive plan in 1858. Recognizing the drawbacks of rapid industrialization, the burgeoning city expressed a yearning for tranquility and order. City Hall from postcard, c. ... September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ... 1855 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...

Not surprisingly, the park’s initial purpose was to “protect and improve the purity of the Schuylkill water supply.” As a secondary motive, the City Council responded to the romantic vogue of naturally landscaped public parks. In 1858, the new Fairmount Park Commission held a design competition to determine the best way to meet these two aims. Spurred on by A.J. Downing’s campaign for a park in mid-Manhattan and President Millard Fillmore’s desire to beautify the National Mall, the “romantic vogue” motive soon became of primary importance. Intellectually, designers’ main concern seems to have been that “proper places” demanded “proper architecture.” In other words, the history, topography, patron, and relative openness of each individual site within the park had to be carefully considered.

The American preoccupation with public parks and gardens in the 1850s seems to have centered around four core issues. First, European city parks were seen as a model for what American parks could be (exemplified in Downing’s essay “A Talk About Public Parks and Gardens” from his work Rural Essays). Second, the public park or garden would have a democratizing effect when translated to the context of the United States. Third, large municipal parks would alleviate the stresses inherent in a rapidly growing industrial city. Fourth, and finally, multiple site-specific factors must be considered whenever cities undertook the construction of such a park.

The site of the Centennial Exposition of 1876 and the location of the first zoo in the United States, the Philadelphia Zoo (1874), Fairmount Park was placed on the National Register of Historic Places on February 7, 1972. Opening day ceremonies at the Centennial Exhibition The Centennial International Exhibition of 1876, the first official worlds fair in the United States, was held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence in Philadelphia. ... Giraffes in Sydneys Taronga Zoo Zoo redirects here. ... The Philadelphia Zoo, located in Fairmount Park on the west bank of the Schuylkill River in Philadelphia, was the first zoo in the United States. ... A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ... February 7 is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ...

Today, its vast area includes the Centennial Arboretum, Philadelphia's Horticulture Center, Fairmount Water Works, William Peters' Belmont Mansion (1745), the Belmont Plateau, Japanese house, Bartram’s Garden (America’s oldest living botanical garden), Philadelphia Museum of Art, Boathouse Row, Azalea Garden, recreation centers, reservoirs, and countless statues (as well as other pieces of art) as determined by the Fairmount Park Art Association. Centennial Arboretum (27 acres) is an arboretum located at the Horticulture Center, Fairmount Park, at the southeast corner of Belmont and Montgomery Drives, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... The Horticultural Center in Philadelphia contains an arboretum, greenhouse, demonstration gardens, and a Japanese house and garden. ... Fairmount Water Works, Philadelphia, about 1874. ... William Peters of Philadelphia William Peters (1702 – 1786) born in Liverpool, England, he came to America in 1739, four years after his younger brother, Reverend Richard Peters. ... This building is public housing provided by the government of Tokyo. ... The Philadelphia Museum of Art, located at the west end of the Benjamin Franklin Parkway in Philadelphias Fairmount Park, was founded in 1876 in conjunction with the Centennial Exposition of the same year and is now among the largest and most important art museums in the United States. ... Boathouse Row is a Historic Site located in Philadelphia, PA on the banks of the Schuylkill River. ...

The Fairmount Area is also host to the Fairmount Sports Association baseball league. A view of the playing field at Busch Stadium II St. ...

See also

Philadelphia Portal

The Schuylkill Banks is eight miles of waterfront, which was constructed as a biking and walking trail that extends from Fairmount Park at the Philadelphia Museum of Art. ... The Philadelphia Aquarium, one of the first aquariums in the United States, was located on the shore of the Schuylkill River in Philadelphia’s decommissioned Fairmount Water Works buildings from 1911 to 1962 as part of Fairmount Park. ... Image File history File links Portal. ...

External links

  • Fairmount Park Commission, City of Philadelphia
  • Philadelphia Zoo

  Results from FactBites:
Fairmount Park (3807 words)
Fairmount Park was the site of the Centennial Exposition of 1876, and several buildings from that earlier fair still stand, notably Memorial Hall.
Fairmount Park along the river basin is one of the loveliest walks to be found in an American city.
The prevalence of sculpture in the park is due to the vision of the Fairmount Park Art Association (1871), which sought to beautify the park.
1907  ~ The Illustrated History of Fairmount Park (1378 words)
Is the beginning of a golden age for KC's commercial parks and a lot of competition for Fairmount.
Fairmount for the first time in a long time was wet.
Carnival closed in 1911 and Forest in 1912, due mainly to 1) Electric and Fairmount Parks' popularity and 2) in 1909 the city doubled in size to 50 or so square miles and land was growing in value.
  More results at FactBites »



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