FACTOID # 9: The bookmobile capital of America is Kentucky.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner
Metroliner
Perimeter Aviation Metro II coming in to a northern Manitoba airport c.2006
Type regional airliner
Manufacturer Fairchild
Maiden flight 26 August 1969
Introduced 1972
Status Currently in use
Primary users Ameriflight
Perimeter Aviation
Key Lime Air
Jetcraft Aviation
Produced 1968-2001
Number built 600+
Developed from Swearingen Merlin

The Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner or the Fairchild Aerospace Metro is a 19-seat, pressurised, twin turboprop airliner first produced by Swearingen and later by Fairchild. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 980 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Flybe Bombardier Q400 Régional ERJ 145 operating for Air France A regional airliner is a small airliner designed to fly between 35 and 100 passengers from point to point, generally within one country. ... An aerospace manufacturer is a company or individual involved in the various aspects of designing, building, testing, selling, and maintaining aircraft, aircraft parts, missiles, rockets, and/or spacecraft. ... 1944 Fairchild Argus III Fairchild was an aircraft and aerospace manufacturing company based at various times in Farmingdale, New York, Hagerstown, Maryland and San Antonio, Texas. ... The Maiden flight of an aircraft is the first occasion on which an aircraft leaves the ground of its own accord. ... August 26 is the 238th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (239th in leap years). ... For the Stargate SG-1 episode, see 1969 (Stargate SG-1). ... Ameriflight is a cargo airline based in Burbank, California, USA. It is the largest US Part 135 cargo carrier, operating scheduled and contract cargo services to destinations in 30 US states, Canada, Mexico, and the Caribbean. ... Perimeter Aviation provides flight training, charter and cargo flights, and offers scheduled flight service through two private airlines. ... Key Lime Air is an airline based in Englewood, Denver, Colorado, USA. It was established and started operations in 1997 and operates charter, training and aircraft rental services. ... Jetcraft Aviation is an airline based in Australia. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... 1944 Fairchild Argus III Fairchild was an aircraft and aerospace manufacturing company based at various times in Farmingdale, New York, Hagerstown, Maryland and San Antonio, Texas. ...

Contents

Design and development

The Metroliner was an evolution of the Swearingen Merlin turboprop-powered business aircraft. Ed Swearingen started the developments that led to the Metro through gradual modifications to the Beechcraft Queen Air business aircraft, aircraft he dubbed Excalibur. The Beech Aircraft Corporation, purchased by Raytheon Aircraft on February 8, 1980, and often called Beechcraft after the name they give their aircraft, is a manufacturer of general aviation and military aircraft, ranging from light single engine aircraft to business jets and light military transports. ... The Beechcraft Queen Air is a twin engined light aircraft produced by Beechcraft (now Raytheon) in several different versions from the sixties to the seventies. ...


Then a new fuselage and vertical fin were developed, married to salvaged and rebuilt (wet) Beechcraft wings, horizontal tail, and landing gear and this became the Merlin, powered by PT 6 turboprop engines. These were marketed as business aircraft seating eight to ten passengers. Through successive models (Merlin I, II,) the engines were changed to Garret fixed shaft. The PT6 is a turboprop aircraft engine manufactured by Pratt & Whitney Canada and is the most popular turboprop in history [1]. It has an unusual design in that the air enters from the rear of the engine and the power section is at the front. ...


An all-new aircraft was built and called the Merlin III with new wings, landing gear, cruciform horizontal tail and inverted inlet Garret engines. Ultimately what was designed was a stretch of the Merlin III, sized to seat 22 passengers and called the Metro. Because FAA regulations limited an airliner to no more than 19 seats if no flight attendant was to be carried, the aircraft was optimized for that number of passengers. A corporate version with adjusted fuselage length, called the Merlin IV was also marketed. FAA may refer to: Federal Aviation Administration in the United States Fleet Air Arm in the UK Royal Navy Fuerza Aérea Argentina in Argentina This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Flight attendant in an Embraer ERJ 145 LR (PBair, Thailand) Stewardess, circa 1949-50, American Overseas, Flagship Denmark, Boeing Stratocruiser In aviation, flight attendants—also known as sky girls, air hostesses, stewardesses or stewards—are members of a flight crew employed by airlines to ensure the safety of the passengers...


In extreme secrecy, Swearingen Aircraft developed a prototype SA 29 T Jet aircraft with modified airfoil, Friese differential ailerons, inboard swinging landing gear and other refinements. It shared the tail and cockpit with the Merlin/Metro. Fuselage had aft mounted engines to be the Garret 731 Turbofans that were in development. First flights were to be CJ 610 GE powered. When Fairchild acquired the company, this project was shut down 9 weeks from first flight. It was later cut up as scrap and the fuselage used as a Metro display at trade shows. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into General Electric J85. ...


Prototype construction of the Metro began in 1968 and first flight was on 26 August 1969. August 26 is the 238th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (239th in leap years). ... For the Stargate SG-1 episode, see 1969 (Stargate SG-1). ...


Operational service

Two of this original model, also identified as the SA-226TC, were delivered in 1972 to Societe Miniere de Bakwanga (MIBA) in Kinshasa, Zaire, the first customer to put the Metro into service. The first airline to put them into service was Air Wisconsin. Kinshasa (formerly Léopoldville or, before 1960, also Leopoldstad) is the capital and largest city of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. ... An AWAC Canadair Regional Jet prepares to depart to Madison, Wisconsin from Chicago OHare. ...


Late in 1971, Swearingen was acquired by Fairchild, and the plant in San Antonio, Texas where the Metro was built became part of Fairchild Aircraft Corporation. 1944 Fairchild Argus III Fairchild was an aircraft and aerospace manufacturing company based at various times in Farmingdale, New York, Hagerstown, Maryland and San Antonio, Texas. ...

A Metro 23 of Australian regional airline Rex

In 1974, the original Metro I model was replaced with the Metro II. Among the changes made were larger, square windows and provision for a small rocket motor in the tail cone, this being offered to improve takeoff performance out of "hot & high" airfields. The aircraft is the only turboprop to have a trimmable horizontal stabilizer (THS) usually used only on jet aircraft. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1738x1008, 328 KB)Rex Airline Metro 23 at Sydney airport File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1738x1008, 328 KB)Rex Airline Metro 23 at Sydney airport File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Rex, Regional Express Airlines, is a regional airline serving Southeast states of Australia based in Wagga Wagga, New South Wales. ...


The Metro I and II were limited, again by FAA regulation, to a maximum weight of 12,500 pounds (5,670 kg). When this restriction was lifted the Metro II was recertified as the Metro IIA in 1980 at a maximum weight of 13,100 pounds (5,941 kg). The standard engines offered were two Garrett TPE331 turboprops driving three-bladed propellers. Garrett is a masculine Irish, and Anglo-Saxon first name meaning Lord of the spear, spear brave or spear wielder. The name is also a surname, and may refer to: Abraham Ellison Garrett Almeida Garrett Alvin Garrett Augustus Garrett Betty Garrett Bill Garrett (basketball) Billy Garrett Brad Garrett Carl Garrett...


The Metro III was next, also initially certified in 1980 at up to 14,000 pounds (6,350 kg) this increasing to 14,500 pounds (6,577 kg) as engines and structures were upgraded. An option to go as high as 16,000 pounds (7,257 kg) was offered. Other improvements incorporated into the Metro III were a 10 ft (3.05 m) increase in wing span, four-bladed props, and numerous drag-reducing airframe modifications. A version with strengthened floors, aft loading doors, and the high gross weight option was offered as a cargo-only version known as the Expeditor. Finally, the Metro IIIA was offered with two Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-45R turboprops in place of the Garrett units. Pratt & Whitney Canada (PWC) is a Canadian aircraft engine manufacturer. ... The PT6 is a turboprop aircraft engine manufactured by Pratt & Whitney Canada and is the most popular turboprop in history [1]. It has an unusual design in that the air enters from the rear of the engine and the power section is at the front. ...


Improvements beyond the Metro III provided better systems, more power and a further increase in takeoff weight. This work resulted in the Metro 23, so named as it was designed for certification under FAR Part 23 (Amendment 34) standards. Many of these improvements also came about during work to produce the military C-26 model. A Metro 23 EF with a bulged lower fuselage for greater baggage capacity was also offered as well as an Expeditor 23.


Although Fairchild studied a version with a "stand-up" cabin (as in the Beechcraft 1900D), this was not built. At the 1987 Paris Air Show, Fairchild released details of proposed developments of the Metro designated the Metro V and Metro VI. These versions would have featured a Metro III fuselage with a redesigned, longer wing, more powerful Garrett engines moved further out on the wing from the fuselage, a "T-tail" and various system improvements. Difference in engine power was what determined if a model was a Metro V or Metro VI, the Metro VI being the more powerful aircraft. A Sunwest Airlines Beech 1900D at Vancouver International Airport. ... The Paris Air Show (Salon International de lAéronautique et de lEspace, Paris-Le Bourget) is an international trade fair for the aerospace business. ...


The last Metro (a Metro 23 model) was produced in 2001. Over 600 Metros were built.


Variants

Civilian

  • Metro I
  • Metro II
  • Metro III
  • Merlin IV
  • Metro 23
  • Metro 23EF

Military

C-26 Metroliner is the designation in the service of the United States military.

  • C-26A - military version of the Metro III (Model SA227-AC)
  • C-26B - military version of the Metro 23 (Model SA227-DC)
  • RC-26B - C-26B modified with electronic surveillance equipment for drug interdiction missions (USAF operates 11)[1]
  • UC-26C is the military version of the Merlin IV-C.
  • Tp88 - Metro III (one aircraft) delivered to the Swedish Air Force for use as a VIP transport.

Coat of arms of the Swedish Air Force. ... A Very Important Person, or VIP (pronouced vee-eye-pee) is a person who is accorded special privileges due to his or her status or importance. ...

Operators

Civil operators

In August 2006 a total of 377 Fairchild Metro/Merlin aircraft (all variants) remain in airline service. Major operators include: Jetcraft Aviation (10), Macair Airlines (9), Peninsula Airways (6), Pel-Air (10), Air Cerberus (7), Ameriflight (44), Bearskin Airlines (10), Berry Aviation (10), IBC Airways (10), Key Lime Air (16), Merlin Airways (12), Perimeter Aviation (21) and Superior Aviation (8). Some 92 other airlines also operate smaller numbers of the type.[2] For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Jetcraft Aviation is an airline based in Australia. ... Macair Airlines is a Queensland regional airline based in Australia with services throughout Queensland, having 32 routes across the region. ... Peninsula Airways, usually called PenAir, (IATA: KS, ICAO: PEN, and Callsign: Peninsula) is an airline based in Anchorage, Alaska, USA. Founded in 1955 by pilot Orin Seybert of Pilot Point, it is Alaskas largest commuter airline, operating both passenger and cargo service, primarily in the Alaska Peninsula and Aleutian... Pel-Air is an airline based in Botany, Sydney, Australia. ... Ameriflight is a cargo airline based in Burbank, California, USA. It is the largest US Part 135 cargo carrier, operating scheduled and contract cargo services to destinations in 30 US states, Canada, Mexico, and the Caribbean. ... Bearskin Airlines is a small Canadian airline providing regional service to various locations to and from northern Ontario and Manitoba. ... Berry Aviation is a charter airline based in San Marcos, Texas, USA. It was established and started operations in 1983 and operates charter passenger and cargo flights as well as work for the US Postal Service. ... IBC Airways (IBC stands for International Bonded Couriers) is a cargo airline based in Miami, Florida, USA. It is a courier company operating scheduled flights to the Caribbean and Central America. ... Key Lime Air is an airline based in Englewood, Denver, Colorado, USA. It was established and started operations in 1997 and operates charter, training and aircraft rental services. ... Merlin Airways is an airline based in San Antonio, Texas, USA. It operates freight services under contract to Airborne, DHL, FedEx and UPS, as well as passenger services under a wet lease arrangement. ... Perimeter Aviation provides flight training, charter and cargo flights, and offers scheduled flight service through two private airlines. ... Superior Aviation is an airline based in Lansing, Michigan, USA. It was established in 1979 and operates scheduled passenger services, passenger and cargo charter flights and aircraft sales and maintenance. ...


Military Operators

Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_El_Salvador. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Thailand. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Trinidad_and_Tobago. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... Seal of the Air Force. ... The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ...

Specifications

Metro III

General characteristics

  • Crew: Two (pilot & first officer), 1 pilot in cargo only configuration
  • Capacity: 19 passengers
  • Length: 59 ft 4 in (18.09 m)
  • Wingspan: 57 ft 0 in (17.37 m)
  • Height: 16 ft 8 in (5.08 m)
  • Wing area: 309 ft² (28.71 m²)
  • Max takeoff weight: 14,500 lb or 16,000 lb, depending on model (6,577 kg or 7,257 kg)
  • Powerplant: 2× Garrett TPE331-11U-612G turboprops with continuous alcohol-water injection equipped with four-bladed McCauley C652 propellers, 1,000 shp (dry), 1,100 shp (wet) (745.5 kW, 820 kW) each
  • Cargo Volume: 143.5 ft³ (4.06 m³)

Performance

The distance AB is the wing span of this Aer Lingus Airbus A320. ... In aviation, the Maximum Take-Off Weight (or MTOW) is the maximum weight with which an aircraft is allowed to try to achieve flight. ... TPE-331 Engine This is a Gas Turbine Turboprop Engine originally designed by AiRsearch and now produced by Honeywell. ... A schematic diagram showing the operation of a turboprop engine. ... VNO of an aircraft is the V speed which refers to the velocity of normal operation. ... Airspeed Indicator in a light aircraft The VC of an aircraft is the V speed which refers to the velocity of cruising. ... The maximal total range is the distance an aircraft can fly between takeoff and landing as limited by its fuel capacity. ...

C-26A

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Capacity: 22/14 passengers
  • Length: 42 ft 2 in (12.85 m)
  • Wingspan: 46 ft 3 in (14.01 m)
  • Height: 16.83 ft (5.13 m)
  • Max takeoff weight: 14,000 lb (6,400 kg
  • Fuel: 625 gal (2,370 L))
  • Powerplant: 2× Allied Signal Garrett TPE-331-IIUG-601G turboprops, 1,100 hp (820 kW) each

Performance

The distance AB is the wing span of this Aer Lingus Airbus A320. ... In aviation, the Maximum Take-Off Weight (or MTOW) is the maximum weight with which an aircraft is allowed to try to achieve flight. ... TPE-331 Engine This is a Gas Turbine Turboprop Engine originally designed by AiRsearch and now produced by Honeywell. ... A schematic diagram showing the operation of a turboprop engine. ... VNO of an aircraft is the V speed which refers to the velocity of normal operation. ... The maximal total range is the distance an aircraft can fly between takeoff and landing as limited by its fuel capacity. ... In aeronautics, the service ceiling is the maximum density altitude where the best rate of climb airspeed will produce a 100 feet per minute climb(twin engine) and 50 feet(single engine) at maximum weight while in a clean configuration with maximum continuous power. ... Power-to-weight ratio is a measure commonly used when comparing various vehicles (or engines), including automobiles, motorcycles and aircraft. ...

References

  1. ^ Airman, 2007 special edition, published by the USAF
  2. ^ Flight International, 3-9 October 2006
  • Endes, Günter. "Fairchild (Sweqrington) Metro/Merlin." The Illustrated Directory of Modern Commercial Aircraft. St. Paul, Minnesota: MBI Publishing Company, 2001. ISBN 0-7603-1125-0.
  • Palmer, Trisha, ed. "Swearington Metro and Metro II/II." Encyclopedi of the World's Commercial and Private Aircraft. New York: Crescent Books, 2001. ISBN 0-517-362856.

Flight International is a magazine relating to airlines, general aviation, and aerospace manufacture. ...

External links

  • Fairchild Metro
  • Virtual Museum; Fairchild

Related content

Designation sequence

Related lists

The Short 330 was a small transport aircraft created by Short Brothers. ... The Douglas DC-8 is a four-engined jet airliner, manufactured between 1959 and 1972. ... For other uses, see Air Force One (disambiguation). ... The Alenia G.222 (Alenia originally Aeritalia) is a medium-sized STOL military transport aircraft. ... Cessna Model 404 Titan II is a twin engined, propeller driven light aircraft that first flew in 1977. ... The twin-engined British Aerospace BAe 125 is the worlds best selling mid-size corporate jet, now marketed as the Raytheon Hawker 800. ... This list of military aircraft of the United States includes prototype, pre-production and operational types. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Fairchild - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (327 words)
Fairchild were an aerospace manufacturing company based at various times in Farmingdale, New York, Hagerstown, Maryland, and San Antonio, Texas.
The company was founded by Sherman Fairchild in 1925 as Fairchild Aviation Corporation, based in Farmingdale, and East Farmingdale, New York.
Among its activities during World War II was producing a twin-engine trainer, the Fairchild AT-21 Gunner, at a former rayon mill in Burlington, North Carolina.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m