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Encyclopedia > Fairchild Semiconductor

Fairchild Semiconductor introduced the first commercially available integrated circuit (although at almost the same time as one from Texas Instruments), and would go on to become one of the major players in the evolution of Silicon Valley in the 1960s. The company currently employs roughly ten thousand people worldwide, with locations in San José, California, Bucheon, Korea, and Cebu, Philippines, among others. In South Portland, Maine, the corporate headquarters is located in the Maine Mall area, about a third of a mile from the manufacturing plant. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1172x365, 6 KB)Fairchild Semiconductor corporate logo File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... - Introductory Root page for this article. ... Texas Instruments (NYSE: TXN), better known in the electronics industry as TI, is a company based in Dallas, Texas, renowned for developing and commercializing semiconductor and computer technology. ... A view of downtown San Jose, the self-proclaimed Capital of Silicon Valley. Like many large cities, San Joses downtown is expansive and encompasses much more area than shown in this view. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969, inclusive. ... City nickname: Capital of Silicon Valley Location within Santa Clara County, California Country   State     County United States   California     Santa Clara Mayor Ron Gonzales Area  - Land  - Water 178. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 3rd 410,000 km² 402. ... Bucheon is a city in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea. ... Note: This article contains special characters. ... Cebu is an island province of the Philippines located in the Central Visayas region. ... South Portland is a city located in Cumberland County, Maine. ... Official language(s) None Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 39th 86,542 km² 305 km 515 km 13. ... The Maine Mall Maine mall is designated as a key geographic location in the state of Maine Maine Mall is a suburban shopping mall in South Portland, near Portland, Maines largest city. ...


History

In 1956 William Shockley opened Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory as a division of Beckman Instruments in Mountain View; his plan was to develop a new type of "4-layer diode" that would work faster and have more uses than current transistors. At first he attempted to hire some of his former colleagues from Bell Labs, but none were willing to move to the West Coast or work with Shockley again. Instead he founded the core of a new company in the best and brightest new graduates coming out of the engineering schools. William Bradford Shockley (February 13, 1910 – August 12, 1989) American physicist, eugenicist and co-inventor of the transistor with John Bardeen and Walter Houser Brattain, for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize in physics. ... Fairchild Semiconductor introduced the first commercially available integrated circuit (although at almost the same time as one from Texas Instruments), and would go on to become one of the major players in the evolution of Silicon Valley in the 1960s. ... Beckman Instruments,now known as Beckman Coulter Inc. ... For the community near Martinez, California, see Mountain View, Contra Costa County, California. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Only a year later the staff was already fed up with Shockley's increasingly bizarre behavior. In one famous incident Shockley's secretary accidentally cut her finger and he became convinced it was a plot against him. He then ordered everyone in the company to take a lie detector test to track down the culprit. It was later demonstrated she had cut herself on a broken thumbtack and Shockley calmed down, but the damage was already done. This had proven to be a decisive example to several key personnel of Shockley's increasing paranoia, and a group of eight engineers decided they had had enough. A secretary is an office/administrative support position. ... A polygraph or lie detector is a device which measures and records several physiological variables such as blood pressure, heart rate, respiration and skin conductivity while a series of questions is being asked, in an attempt to detect lies. ... In popular culture, the term paranoia is usually used to describe excessive concern about ones own well-being, sometimes suggesting a person holds persecutory beliefs concerning a threat to themselves or their property and is often linked to a belief in conspiracy theories. ...


The group, later known widely as the Traitorous Eight, decided they had reason enough to resign, and all did so. The eight men were Julius Blank, Victor Grinich, Jean Hoerni, Eugene Kleiner, Jay Last, Gordon Moore, Robert Noyce, and Sheldon Roberts. Looking for funding on their own project, they turned to Sherman Fairchild's Fairchild Camera and Instrument, an Eastern U.S. company with considerable military contracts. In 1957 Fairchild Semiconductor was started with plans on making silicon transistors — at the time germanium was still a common material for semiconductor use. The traitorous eight are eight men who left Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory to form Fairchild Semiconductor in 1957. ... Julius Blank is a semiconductor pioneer and a member of the Traitorous Eight. ... Victor Grinich (November 24, 1924 - November 5, 2000) was a pioneer in the semiconductor industry and a member of the Traitorous Eight that founded Silicon Valley. ... Jean Hoerni (1924- January 12, 1997) was a silicon transistor pioneer and a member of the Traitorous Eight. ... Eugene Kleiner (May 12, 1923 – 20 November 2003) was one of the original founders of Kleiner Perkins, the Silicon Valley venture capital firm which later became Harry Balls Kleiner, Perkins, Caufield & Byers. ... Jay Last is a silicon pioneer and a member of the Traitorous Eight that founded Silicon Valley. ... Gordon Moore This article is about the co-founder of Intel and coiner of what became Moores law. ... Robert Noyce Robert Noyce (December 12, 1927 – June 3, 1990), nicknamed the Mayor of Silicon Valley, co-founded Fairchild Semiconductor in 1957 and Intel in 1968. ... Sheldon Roberts is a semiconductor pioneer, and member of the Traitorous Eight that founded Silicon Valley. ... Sherman Mills Fairchild was an American entrepreneur and technology visionary who set the standard of industrial and technical excellence throughout much of the 20th century. ... General Name, Symbol, Number silicon, Si, 14 Chemical series metalloids Group, Period, Block 14, 3, p Appearance dark gray, bluish tinge Atomic mass 28. ... General Name, Symbol, Number germanium, Ge, 32 Chemical series metalloids Group, Period, Block 14, 4, p Appearance grayish white Atomic mass 72. ...


Their first transistors were soon on the market, and the first batch of 100 was sold to IBM for $150 a piece. However, only two years later they had managed to build a circuit with four transistors on a single wafer of silicon, thereby creating the first silicon integrated circuit. (Texas Instruments' Jack Kilby had developed an integrated circuit made of germanium on September 12, 1958, and was awarded a U.S. patent). The company grew from twelve to twelve thousand employees, and was soon making $130 million a year. International Business Machines Corporation (IBM, or colloquially, Big Blue) NYSE: IBM (incorporated June 15, 1911, in operation since 1888) is headquartered in Armonk, NY, USA. The company manufactures and sells computer hardware, software, infrastructure services and consulting services. ... Texas Instruments (NYSE: TXN), better known in the electronics industry as TI, is a company based in Dallas, Texas, renowned for developing and commercializing semiconductor and computer technology. ... Jack Kilby holding an old calculator and one of the newest. ... September 12 is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years). ... 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a state to a person for a fixed period of time in exchange for the regulated, public disclosure of certain details of a device, method, process or composition of matter (substance) (known as an invention) which is new, inventive, and...


During the 1960s, Fairchild dominated the analog integrated circuit market, introducing the first IC operational amplifiers, or "op amps", Bob Widlar's 702 (in 1964) and 709. In 1968, David Fullagar's 741 was introduced, which became the most popular IC op amp of all time. The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969, inclusive. ... Robert J. Widlar (November, 1937-February 27, 1991) was a brilliant electronics pioneer who made his fame with Fairchild Semiconductor in the 1960s. ...


During the 1960s many of the original founders would leave Fairchild to strike out on their own. Known as the "fairchildren", they formed many of the companies that grew to prominence in the 1970s. A Fairchild advertisement of the time showed a collage of the logos of Silicon Valley with the annotation "We started it all.". Among the last of the original founders to leave were Robert Noyce and Gordon Moore, who left in 1968 to form Intel. At this point much of the brainpower of the company was gone. The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969, inclusive. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ... Collage (From the French, coller, to stick) is the assemblage of different forms creating a new whole. ... A logotype, commonly known as a logo, is the graphic element of a trademark or brand, which is set in a special typeface and/or font, or arranged in a particular, but legible, way. ... A view of downtown San Jose, the self-proclaimed Capital of Silicon Valley. Like many large cities, San Joses downtown is expansive and encompasses much more area than shown in this view. ... Intel Corporation (NASDAQ: INTC, HKEx: 4335), founded in 1968 as Integrated Electronics Corporation, is a U.S.-based multinational corporation that is best known for designing and manufacturing microprocessors and specialized integrated circuits. ...


Intel would soon introduce its microprocessor, which Fairchild only copied, poorly, after a few years as the Fairchild F8. Their original huge lead was now squandered. By the end of the 1970s they had no new products in the pipeline, and increasingly turned to niche markets with their existing product line, notably "hardened" integrated circuits for military and space applications. In computing, the F8 was an 8-bit microprocessor created by Fairchild Semiconductor. ...


For a time, the company played a leading role in the development of integrated circuits using bipolar technology. These circuits were used worldwide, notably in Cray supercomputers. - Introductory Root page for this article. ... The schematic symbols for PNP- and NPN- type BJTs. ... For alternate meanings, see Cray (disambiguation). ...


Fairchild also lead the way in the development of digital imaging. In 1973 they were the first to produce a commercial Charge-coupled device following up on the invention at Bell Labs. In 1976 the company released the first video game system to use ROM cartridges, the Channel F. A specially developed CCD used for ultraviolet imaging in a wire bonded package. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Fairchild Channel F was the worlds first cartridge-based video game console. ...


In the 1970s Fairchild increasingly turned to "high end" customers, and thereby lost out in the developing microprocessor market. In 1979, Fairchild was purchased by Schlumberger Limited, an oil field services company. By the late 1980s the company was in a relatively-weak competitive position; Schlumberger sold Fairchild to National Semiconductor in 1987.[1] The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ... Microprocessors, including an Intel 80486DX2 and an Intel 80386 A microprocessor (sometimes abbreviated µP) is a digital electronic component with miniaturized transistors on a single semiconductor integrated circuit (IC). ... Schlumberger Limited is the worlds largest multinational oilfield services corporation, incorporated in the Netherlands Antilles. ... Drilling rig in a small oil field Near Sarnia, Ontario, 2001 An oil field is an area with an abundance of oil wells extracting petroleum (oil) from below ground. ... The 1980s decade refers to the years from 1980 to 1989, inclusive. ... Categories: Electronics companies of the United States | Companies based in California | Corporation stubs ...


In 1997 Fairchild Semiconductor was reborn as an independent company, based in South Portland, Maine. In 1999 Fairchild Semiconductor again became a publicly traded company on the New York Stock Exchange with the ticker symbol FCS. Fairchild's South Portland, Maine location is the longest continuously operating semiconductor manufacturing facility in the world. Seal of South Portland South Portland is a city located in Cumberland County, Maine. ... New York Stock Exchange (June 2003) The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), also nicknamed the Big Board, is the largest stock exchange in the world (by dollar volume) and second largest by number of listings. ...


More recently, Fairchild has expanded its semiconductor manufacturing to include a foundry service for advanced MEMS devices and products. My name is Danielle Doepke...HELLO! Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS) is the technology of the very small, and merges at the nanoscale into Nanoelectromechanical Systems (NEMS) and Nanotechnology. ...


Fairchild's current product line is aimed at the power and discrete component market, claiming the ability to supply every single semiconductor component required for a typical switched-mode power supply from controller chip to switching MOSFET to rectifier diodes to optocouplers. A switched-mode power supply, or SMPS, is an electronic power supply unit (PSU) that incorporates a switching regulator — an internal control circuit that switches the load current rapidly on and off in order to stabilise the output voltage. ... Example of a MOSFET The metal oxide semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET), is by far the most common field-effect transistor in both digital and analog circuits. ... Types of diodes A diode functions as the electronic version of a one-way valve. ... Opto-isolator An opto-isolator is a device that uses optical techniques to electrically isolate two related circuits, typically a transmitter and a receiver. ...


Alumni

Robert Noyce Robert Noyce (December 12, 1927 – June 3, 1990), nicknamed the Mayor of Silicon Valley, co-founded Fairchild Semiconductor in 1957 and Intel in 1968. ... Gordon Moore This article is about the co-founder of Intel and coiner of what became Moores law. ... Jean Hoerni (1924- January 12, 1997) was a silicon transistor pioneer and a member of the Traitorous Eight. ... Dr. Clarence Lester Les Hogan (born 19xx) is a pioneer in microwave and semiconductor technology. ... Eugene Kleiner (May 12, 1923 – 20 November 2003) was one of the original founders of Kleiner Perkins, the Silicon Valley venture capital firm which later became Harry Balls Kleiner, Perkins, Caufield & Byers. ... Walter Jeremiah Sanders III (Jerry Sanders) was a salesman at Fairchild Semiconductor in the 1960s. ... Frank Wanlass invented CMOS logic circuits in 1963 while working at Fairchild Semiconductor. ... Robert J. Widlar (November, 1937-February 27, 1991) was a brilliant electronics pioneer who made his fame with Fairchild Semiconductor in the 1960s. ...

External links

  • Fairchild Semiconductor company web site

  Results from FactBites:
 
Fairchild Semiconductor - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (918 words)
Fairchild Semiconductor introduced the first commercially available integrated circuit (although at almost the same time as one from Texas Instruments), and would go on to become one of the major players in the evolution of Silicon Valley in the 1960s.
In 1957 Fairchild Semiconductor was started with plans on making silicon transistors — at the time germanium was still a common material for semiconductor use.
Fairchild's current product line is aimed at the power and discrete component market, claiming the ability to supply every single semiconductor component required for a typical switched-mode power supply from controller chip to switching MOSFET to rectifier diodes to optocouplers.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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