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Encyclopedia > Fairchild (aircraft manufacturer)
1944 Fairchild Argus III
1944 Fairchild Argus III

Fairchild was an aircraft and aerospace manufacturing company based at various times in Farmingdale, New York, Hagerstown, Maryland and San Antonio, Texas. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1645x1081, 665 KB) Fairchild Argus III (UK registration G-BCBH, year of build 1944) at Kemble Airfield, Gloucestershire, England. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1645x1081, 665 KB) Fairchild Argus III (UK registration G-BCBH, year of build 1944) at Kemble Airfield, Gloucestershire, England. ... Farmingdale is a village in Nassau County, New York in the United States. ... Nickname: The Hub City Location in Maryland Coordinates: County Washington Incorporated 1813 Mayor Robert E. Bruchey II Area    - City 27. ... Nickname: Alamo City; River City Location in the state of Texas Coordinates: Counties Bexar County Mayor Phil Hardberger Area    - City 1067. ...

Contents

History

The company was founded by Sherman Fairchild in 1925 as Fairchild Aviation Corporation, based in Farmingdale, and East Farmingdale, New York. The company produced the first US aircraft to include a fully-enclosed cockpit and hydraulic landing gear, the Fairchild FC-1. At some point they were also known as the Fairchild Aircraft Manufacturing Company. Fairchild moved to Hagerstown, Maryland in 1931. Sherman Mills Fairchild (b. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from...


World War II

Among its activities during World War II was producing PT-19/PT-23/PT-26 (Cornell) and AT-21 trainers, C-82 "Packet" cargo planes and missiles. The Fairchild AT-21 Gunner, a twin-engine trainer, was manufactured at a former rayon mill in Burlington, North Carolina. Also large numbers of the Fairchild Type 24 (C-61)were produced for the military (principally the Fairchild Argus for the Royal Air Force) and postwar, the civilian market (see separate entry under Fairchild Argus). The Fairchild C-61, a single-engine monoplane aircraft, was a US Army Air Corps adaption of the four place Fairchild Model 24 used as a light transport aircraft. ...


Postwar

C-119 Flying Boxcars from the 314th Troop Carrier Group.
C-119 Flying Boxcars from the 314th Troop Carrier Group.

The Fairchild C-119 "Flying Boxcar" was a US military transport aircraft developed from the World War II Fairchild C-82 Packet. The C-119 was designed to carry cargo, personnel, litter patients and mechanized equipment with the ability to make "paradrops" of cargo and troops. The first C-119 made its initial flight in November 1947, and by the time production ceased in 1955, more than 1,100 C-119s had been built for use in the USAF and other air forces including the RCAF. After its retirement from military service, the flexibility and ruggedness of the C-119 made it ideal to convert as a waterbomber. The Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) was the air force of Canada from 1924 until 1968 when the three branches of the Canadian military were merged into the Canadian Forces. ...


In 1949, the Fairchild Engine and Airplane Corporation (based in Hagerstown, Maryland) started work on the C-123 Provider, the transport officially entering service in 1955. In 1956, the company acquired rights to the Fokker Friendships, producing 206 of the aircraft as the Fairchild F-27 and Fairchild Hiller FH227. 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... A United States Coast Guard HC-123B Provider The C-123 Provider, originally as an assault glider aircraft for the United States Air Force by Chase Aircraft, was developed into a powered transport aircraft by the Fairchild Company, and went on to serve most notably with US forces in South... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A PIA F27 at Allama Iqbal International Airport, Lahore in January, 2006 The Fokker F27 Friendship is a turboprop airliner designed and built by the Dutch aircraft manufacturer Fokker. ...


In 1964, the company purchased Hiller Aircraft, changing their name to Fairchild Hiller and producing the FH-1100, until 1973 when the helicopter division was sold back to Stanley Hiller. In 1965, the company acquired the Republic Aviation Company. 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... Hiller Aircraft Company was founded by Stanley Hiller in 1942 to develop helicopters. ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... The Republic Aviation Company was an American aircraft manufacturer. ...


Following the death of its founder, Fairchild changed its name to Fairchild Industries in 1971, before purchasing Swearingen and manufacturing the Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner, a successful commuter aircraft (with US military designations C-26 Metroliner and UC-26 Metroliner). During 1971 and 1972, the company developed what would become the Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II, prevailing over a rival design by Northrop, the Northrop YA-9. 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ... A Metro 23 of Australian regional airline Rex The Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner or the Fairchild Aerospace Metro is a 19-seat, pressurised, twin turboporop airliner first produced by Swearingen and later by Fairchild. ... Fairchild C-26 Metroliner is the designation for the Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner series twin turboprop airplane built by Fairchild in the service of the United States military. ... UC-26 Metroliner is the less frequently used US military designation for Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner series twin turboprop airplanes by Fairchild. ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Primary user United States Air Force Number built 715 Unit cost US$9. ... The Northrop Grumman Corporation (NYSE: NOC) is an aerospace and defense conglomerate that is the result of a 1994 merger between Northrop and Grumman. ... The Northrop YA-9 was a prototype attack aircraft developed for the USAF, but passed over in preference for the Fairchild YA-10 that became the A-10 Thunderbolt II in service. ...

The A-10 Thunderbolt
The A-10 Thunderbolt

The company developed the T-46 jet trainer to replace the elderly T-37 trainer, but it was not accepted by the Air Force because of performance problems. The A-10/OA-10 Thunderbolt II, often known as the Warthog, is the first US Air Force aircraft specifically designed for close air support of ground forces. ... The Fairchild Republic T-46 (nicknamed the Eaglet) was a light jet trainer aircraft of the 1980s that was cancelled, with only three aircraft being produced. ... T-37s in formation One of the most prominent of the trainer-attack type aircraft is the Cessna T-37/A-37, known in various forms as the Tweety Bird, Tweet, Dragonfly, or Super Tweet. ...


After the company's takeover of Dornier GmbH in 1996, the company was renamed Fairchild Dornier. The company commenced production of the Dornier 328 in 1998 under license from Daimler-Benz. Dornier logo. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... This article belongs in one or more categories. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Daimler-Benz AG was founded on May 1, 1924 by the merger of Benz & Cie. ...


In 2002-2003, the company was taken over by M7 Aerospace. For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Museum displays

1937 24-G Deluxe
1940 PT-19 Cornell
1942 PT-26 Cornell
1953 C-119F Flying Boxcar
1938 PT-19A Cornell
1944 C-82A Packet
1947 C-119J Flying Boxcar
1953 C-123K Provider
1972 YA-10A Thunderbolt II
1927 FC-2
1927 FC-2W2
1937 24-G

Vintage Soviet Yak-9 on takeoff at the 2002 MAAM WWII Weekend Air Show. ... Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Berks County Founded 1748 Mayor Thomas McMahon Area    - City 26. ... The Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar was a U.S. military transport aircraft developed from the World War II Fairchild C-82 Packet, designed to carry cargo, personnel, litter patients, and mechanized equipment, and to drop cargo and troops by parachute. ... The National Museum of the United States Air Force (formerly the United States Air Force Museum) is the official national museum of the United States Air Force and is located at Wright-Patterson AFB, east of Dayton, Ohio. ... Nickname: Gem City Coordinates: Country United States State Ohio County Montgomery Founded April 1, 1796 Incorporated 1805 Mayor Rhine L. McLin Area    - City 146. ... The Interior of the Udvar-Hazy Center The Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center is the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM)s annex at Washington Dulles International Airport in Chantilly, Virginia. ... The Smithsonian Institution Building or Castle on the National Mall serves as the Institutions headquarters. ... Chantilly is an unincorporated community located in western Fairfax County, in the Commonwealth of Virginia. ... Located on the north side of the site of historic Richard Evelyn Byrd Flying Field,opened in 1927, now Richmond International Airport, Richmond, Virginia, United States, the Virginia Aviation Museum boasts a collection of some thirty four airframes, from reproductions of Wright Brothers kite gliders to the still state-of... Nickname: River City, Cap City, R-V-A Motto: Sic Itur Ad Astra (Thus do we reach the stars) Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia Coordinates: Country United States State Virginia County Independent City Mayor L. Douglas Wilder (D) Area    - City 62. ...

External links

  • M7 Aerospace - Company Web Site
  • Fairchild history - Fairchild trainer production WW2
  • Pictures of Fairchilds

 
 

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