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Encyclopedia > Fairbanks, Alaska
Fairbanks, Alaska
Motto: The Golden Heart City
Coordinates: 64°50′16″N 147°42′59″W / 64.83778, -147.71639
Country United States
State Alaska
Borough Fairbanks North Star
Incorporated November 10, 1903
Government
 - Mayor Steve M. Thompson
Area
 - City 32.7 sq mi (84.6 km²)
 - Land 31.9 sq mi (82.5 km²)
 - Water 0.8 sq mi (2.1 km²)
Elevation 446 ft (136 m)
Population (2005)[1]
 - City 31,324
 - Density 981.9/sq mi (379.7/km²)
 - Urban 51,926
Time zone AKST (UTC-9)
 - Summer (DST) AKDT (UTC-8)
Area code(s) 907
FIPS code 02-24230
GNIS feature ID 1401958
Website: http://www.ci.fairbanks.ak.us

Fairbanks (IPA: /ˈfɛərbæŋks/) is a Home Rule City in Fairbanks North Star Borough, Alaska, United States. For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... Adapted from Wikipedias AK borough maps by Seth Ilys. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... For other uses, see Alaska (disambiguation). ... Map of Alaska boroughs and census areas The U.S. state of Alaska does not have counties in the sense of counties in the rest of the country. ... Fairbanks North Star Borough is a borough located in the state of Alaska, United States. ... A Municipal Corporation is a legal defintion for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, and towns. ... is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1900 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Cities with at least a million inhabitants in 2006 An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... The Alaska Time Zone is a Time Zone located west of the Pacific Time Zone. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... AKDT is UTC-8 The Alaska Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting nine hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC-9). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Area code 907 covers the entire state of Alaska. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... Fairbanks is a surname, and may refer to: People Charles W. Fairbanks Chuck Fairbanks Dana Fairbanks Douglas Fairbanks Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. ... Look up Devolution in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Fairbanks North Star Borough is a borough located in the state of Alaska, United States. ... For other uses, see Alaska (disambiguation). ...


Fairbanks is the largest city in the Interior region of Alaska, and second largest in the state. It is the principal city of the 'Fairbanks, Alaska Metropolitan Statistical Area' which encompasses all of Fairbanks North Star Borough and is the northernmost Metropolitan Statistical Area in the United States. Fall in Interior Alaska The interior of Alaska makes up most of the state. ... For other uses, see Alaska (disambiguation). ... In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas, which are organized around county boundaries. ...


According to 2005 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city is 31,324.[1] The population of Fairbanks and vicinity is 82,840[1]. Fairbanks is home to the University of Alaska Fairbanks, the oldest college in Alaska. The University of Alaska Fairbanks, located in Fairbanks, Alaska, USA, is the second largest campus of the University of Alaska System, and is abbreviated as UAF. UAF is a land-grant, sea-grant, and space-grant institution, as well as participating in the sun-grant program through Oregon State University. ...

Contents

History

Area west of Fairbanks, looking SW, showing University of Alaska Fairbanks and Fairbanks airport and Tanana River. Image taken before 1975.
Area west of Fairbanks, looking SW, showing University of Alaska Fairbanks and Fairbanks airport and Tanana River. Image taken before 1975.

Before Fairbanks was founded, Koyukon Athabaskans lived, fished, and hunted along the shores of the Tanana River for thousands of years. The Tanana and other rivers also served as trade routes with other Athabaskans and Inuit. Image File history File links Fairbanks-overhead. ... Image File history File links Fairbanks-overhead. ... The University of Alaska Fairbanks, located in Fairbanks, Alaska, USA, is the second largest campus of the University of Alaska System, and is abbreviated as UAF. UAF is a land-grant, sea-grant, and space-grant institution, as well as participating in the sun-grant program through Oregon State University. ... Fairbanks Tanana River The Tanana River (TA-nuh-naw) is a tributary of the Yukon River in Alaska in the United States. ... The Koyukon are a group of Athabaskan people living in northern Alaska. ... Areas in which Athabaskan languages and Eyak and Tlingit are traditionally spoken Athabaskan or Athabascan (also Athapascan or Athapaskan) is the name of a large group of distantly related Native American peoples, also known as the Athabasca Indians or Athapaskes, located in two main Southern and Northern groups in western... Fairbanks Tanana River The Tanana River (TA-nuh-naw) is a tributary of the Yukon River in Alaska in the United States. ... For other uses, see Inuit (disambiguation). ...


In the early 1900s, prospectors from the Klondike spread out into various parts of Alaska in search of gold. In August, 1901 a trader named E. T. Barnette chartered the riverboat Lavelle Young to transport a large load of merchandise to the gold fields near Tanacross. He was forced to disembark near the present site of First Avenue and Cushman Street on the Chena River because the Chena was too shallow to follow further upstream and the Tanana River was impassable. There Barnette established the trading post "Barnette's Cache." Two prospectors looking for gold in the hills north of Barnette's trading post saw the smoke from the steamboat and came down to investigate. They were out of supplies and thought they could get some from the steamboat. These prospectors were Felix Pedro (alias Felice Pedroni)[2] an Italian immigrant, and Tom Gilmore. Less than a year later, in July, 1902, Felix Pedro discovered gold 16 miles (25 km) north of the post. This started a gold rush as outfitters and other merchants, in turn, sought to make money selling supplies to the many prospectors coming into the area. The town grew as prospectors made their way to the gold fields via the Chena steamboat landing. Barnette, initially unhappy to find himself far from the proven gold fields, nonetheless stayed put when Pedro and other prospectors came to camp to trade. Within a few years, Fairbanks became the largest city in Alaska (Anchorage is much larger now). Prospecting is the physical search for minerals, fossils, precious metals or mineral specimens, and is also known as fossicking. ... Hunker Creek Valley, Klondike The Klondike or Clondike is a region of the Yukon Territory in northwest Canada, east of the Alaska border. ... Tanacross is a census-designated place located in Southeast Fairbanks Census Area, Alaska. ... The Chena River is a river that flows in the interior of Alaska from the Alaskan White Mountains east of Fairbanks into the Tanana River near Fairbanks. ... Fairbanks Tanana River The Tanana River (TA-nuh-naw) is a tributary of the Yukon River in Alaska in the United States. ... This article is about the city in the U.S. state of Alaska. ...


In 1903, territorial judge James Wickersham moved his offices of the Third Judicial District from Eagle to Fairbanks. That November, Fairbanks was incorporated as a city and named after popular Indiana senator Charles W. Fairbanks, soon to become Vice President under Teddy Roosevelt from 1905–1909. With the addition of the court, government offices, a jail, a post office, and the Northern Commercial Company, Barnette was elected mayor and set about to create a first-rate town replete with telephone service, fire protection, sanitation ordinances, electric lights and steam heat. Barnette also founded the Washington-Alaska Bank. By 1910, the official population had grown to 3,541, although more than 6,000 miners lived and worked their claims on creeks north of town. James Wickersham (1857-1939) was a district judge for Alaska, appointed by President McKinley to the Third Judicial District in 1900. ... Eagle is a city located along the United States-Canada border in the Southeast Fairbanks Census Area, Alaska. ... Charles Warren Fairbanks (May 11, 1852 – June 4, 1918) was a Senator from Indiana and the twenty-sixth Vice President of the United States. ... The Vice President of the United States (sometimes referred to as VPOTUS[1] or Veep) is the first in the presidential line of succession, becoming the new President of the United States upon the death, resignation, or removal of the president. ... Theodore Roosevelt (October 27, 1858–January 6, 1919) was the twenty-fifth (1901) Vice President and the twenty-sixth (1901-1909) President of the United States, succeeding to the office upon the assassination of William McKinley. ...


The construction of the Richardson Highway in 1911, the Alaska Railroad in 1923, and the use of riverboats along the Tanana River established Fairbanks as a commercial center for interior Alaska. The Richardson Highway runs from Valdez, Alaska to Fairbanks, Alaska. ... The Alaska Railroad (AAR reporting marks ARR) is a Class II railroad that extends from Seward, in the south of the state of Alaska, in the United States, to Fairbanks, in the interior of that state. ...

Charles W. Fairbanks, the namesake for the city.
Charles W. Fairbanks, the namesake for the city.

The Alaska Agricultural College and School of Mines opened its doors in College, near Fairbanks, in 1917. The school grew quickly, and in 1935 became the University of Alaska. The University of Alaska system has since expanded to include other campuses and the original campus is now called University of Alaska Fairbanks. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1120x1463, 83 KB) Description Charles W. Fairbanks, 26th Vice President of the United States. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1120x1463, 83 KB) Description Charles W. Fairbanks, 26th Vice President of the United States. ... Charles Warren Fairbanks (May 11, 1852 – June 4, 1918) was a Senator from Indiana and the twenty-sixth Vice President of the United States. ... College is a census-designated place located in Fairbanks North Star Borough, Alaska. ... The University of Alaska is a Land-Grant, Sea-Grant, and Space Grant university founded in 1922 in Fairbanks, Alaska. ... The University of Alaska Fairbanks, located in Fairbanks, Alaska, USA, is the second largest campus of the University of Alaska System, and is abbreviated as UAF. UAF is a land-grant, sea-grant, and space-grant institution, as well as participating in the sun-grant program through Oregon State University. ...

Midday view of Fairbanks and Alaska Range on 2005 winter solstice.
Midday view of Fairbanks and Alaska Range on 2005 winter solstice.

During World War II two United States military bases, Ladd Field and Eielson Air Force Base, were constructed in the Fairbanks area (1938) to aid in sending aircraft and supplies to the USSR and the Russian-controlled Far East for the Lend-Lease program. City hostess Eva McGown was famous locally for extending hospitality to the soldiers and spouses who spent time in Fairbanks during these decades. During the Cold War Ladd Field became a U.S. Army base, Fort Wainwright. These bases brought additional jobs to the Fairbanks area and brought military personnel, some of whom stayed and became residents of the area after finishing their military service. Construction of the Alaska Highway in the 1940s combined to fuel growth and development. Many of the workers stayed at the Fairbanks Hotel, one of which was Paul E. Baker. The Fairbanks Hotel existed until its demolition in 2005. Image File history File links FairbanksWinterSolstice. ... Image File history File links FairbanksWinterSolstice. ... “Summer solstice” redirects here. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Eielson Air Force Base (IATA: EIL, ICAO: PAEI) is located in Fairbanks North Star Borough, Alaska. ... The Lend-Lease program was a program of the United States during World War II that allowed the United States to provide the Allied Powers with war material without becoming directly involved in the war. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... The United States Army is the largest and oldest branch of the armed forces of the United States. ... Fort Wainwright is located in Fairbanks North Star Borough, Alaska. ... Map of Alaska Highway (in red) The Alaska Highway, also the Alaskan Highway, Alaska-Canadian Highway, and the Alcan Highway, runs from Dawson Creek, British Columbia to Fairbanks, Alaska, via Whitehorse, Yukon. ...


Since its beginning, Fairbanks has been the commercial center for Interior Alaska. Fairbanks is now at the intersection of the Richardson Highway, the Alaska Railroad, the Steese Highway, the Elliott Highway and the George Parks Highway, completed in 1975. These connect it to Anchorage, Canada and the lower 48 states. The Dalton Highway, opened in 1974, connects Fairbanks to the industrial supply center of Deadhorse at Prudhoe Bay on the Arctic Ocean. Fairbanks area has an international airport, two military airports and many private airstrips. Goods are transported to and from Fairbanks by truck, air, and rail. The Richardson Highway runs from Valdez, Alaska to Fairbanks, Alaska. ... The Alaska Railroad (AAR reporting marks ARR) is a Class II railroad that extends from Seward, in the south of the state of Alaska, in the United States, to Fairbanks, in the interior of that state. ... The Steese Highway is a highway in the Alaska Interior that extends northward from Fairbanks to Circle, a town on the Yukon River about 80 km (50 miles) south of the Arctic Circle. ... The Elliott Highway is a highway in Alaska that extends from Fox, about 16 km (10 miles) north of Fairbanks to Manley Hot Springs, a distance of 260 km (162 miles). ... The George Parks Highway (numbered Alaska Route 3), usually called simply the Parks Highway, runs 323 miles (520 km) from the Glenn Highway 35 miles (56 km) north of Anchorage to Fairbanks in the Alaska Interior. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the city in the U.S. state of Alaska. ... The highway and pipeline run generally parallel to each other; this segment is between the Arctic Circle and Coldfoot. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... Prudhoe Bay is a census-designated place located in North Slope Borough, Alaska. ...


Fairbanks was the construction hub for the Trans-Alaska Pipeline in 1975-1977, and the city became the scene of lively parties and a construction boom as people flocked to the "new gold rush". Map of the pipeline The Trans-Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS), usually called the Alyeska Pipeline in Alaska or the Alaska Pipeline elsewhere, is a major U.S. oil pipeline connecting oil fields in northern Alaska to a sea port where the oil can be shipped to the Lower 48 states...


Pioneer Park, originally built for the Alaska Purchase Centennial Celebration in 1967 contains museums, the riverboat Nenana, and many old buildings moved there from around the Fairbanks area. The Palace Theatre and Saloon in the park gives a musical presentation of the history of Fairbanks. Pioneer Park was formerly known as "Alaskaland" and many residents still refer to it by that name. After all, the park is about Alaska rather than pioneers, and the instances where pioneers come into play, those pioneers are undoubtedly involved chiefly with Alaska. Check used to pay for Alaska The Alaska purchase from Russia by the United States occurred in 1867 at the behest of Secretary of State William Seward. ...


Geography and climate

Geography

Fairbanks is located at 64.837780° North, -147.71639° West (Sec. 10, T001S, R001W, Fairbanks Meridian)GR1. Fairbanks is located in the Fairbanks Recording District.


Fairbanks is located in the heart of Alaska's Interior, on both shores of the Chena River, near its confluence with the Tanana River in the Tanana Valley. By air, Fairbanks is 45 minutes from Anchorage and 3 hours from Seattle. It lies 358 road miles (576 km) or a 5.5 hour drive north of Anchorage. The Chena River is a river that flows in the interior of Alaska from the Alaskan White Mountains east of Fairbanks into the Tanana River near Fairbanks. ... Fairbanks Tanana River The Tanana River (TA-nuh-naw) is a tributary of the Yukon River in Alaska in the United States. ... Seattle redirects here. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 84.6 km² (32.7 mi²). 82.5 km² (31.9 mi²) of it is land and 2.1 km² (0.8 mi²) of it (2.48%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Climate

Downtown Fairbanks from the Chena River.
Downtown Fairbanks from the Chena River.

Fairbank's climate is subarctic. andrew is a studmuffin The Interior, home of Fairbanks and Denali National Park, has some of the most extreme weather in the world with rapid temperature swings, thunderstorms with hail and lightning and snow in the summer. Winters are very long, lasting from mid-October to mid-April. They are very cold and dry, with temperatures sometimes dipping down to -65 °F (-54 °C). Often the temperature is below zero Fahrenheit (-17.8 °C) for entire months. The coldest temperature ever recorded in Fairbanks was -66 °F (-54.4 °C) on January 14, 1934. The average January low is -19 °F (-28 °C) and the average January high is -2 °F (-19 °C). Winter snowfall averages around 67.4 inches (171 cm) per year. During the winter months, if the temperature drops below -20 °F (-29 °C), ice fog can occur. The summers are usually very warm, with temperatures often reaching into the 80s °F (27° to 32°C) and sometimes reaching into the 90s °F (32° to 37°C). The average July low is 53 °F (12 °C) and the average July high is 72 °F (22 °C). The highest temperature ever recorded in Fairbanks was 99 °F (37.2 °C) on July 28, 1919. Thunderstorms with hail and lightning can occur in summer. August and September can be rainy, and snow often starts falling in September. In Spring, snow often falls well into May, and sometimes even into early June. The average annual precipitation is 10.34 inches per year (rainfall plus melted snow). Fairbanks is known for its lingering summer days. The sun is up for 21 hours and 49 minutes on the 21st of June with 24 hours of usable daylight. In summer the local golf clubs have all night golfing. Conversely, the sun is up for 3 hours and 42 minutes on the 21st of December with 6 hours and 33 minutes of usable daylight. Image File history File links Fairbanks05. ... Image File history File links Fairbanks05. ... The Chena River is a river that flows in the interior of Alaska from the Alaskan White Mountains east of Fairbanks into the Tanana River near Fairbanks. ... Denali National Park Denali National Park and Preserve is located in Interior Alaska and contains Mount McKinley, the tallest mountain in North America. ... For other uses, see Temperature (disambiguation). ... A rolling thundercloud over Enschede, The Netherlands. ... This article is about the precipitation. ... Not to be confused with lighting. ... For other uses, see Snow (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Summer (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the abbreviation, see FOG. For the B-Side by Radiohead see Fog (song). ... is the 209th day of the year (210th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ...


According to the New York Times, spectacular displays of the aurora borealis ("northern lights") are visible on an average of 200 days a year in the vicinity of Fairbanks. (Jerry Garrett, "The Cold Show in Fairbanks Alaska," New York Times, March 2, 2007). The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... Aurora borealis Polar aurorae are optical phenomena characterized by colorful displays of light in the night sky. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... is the 61st day of the year (62nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Avg high °F -2
7
24
41
59
70
73
66
55
33
12
2
36
Avg low temperature °F -19
-14
-2
20
38
50
53
47
36
18
-6
-15
17
Rainfall in. 0.47
0.40
0.37
0.32
0.61
1.37
1.87
1.96
0.95
0.90
0.80
0.85
10.87
Snowfall in. 10.6
7.1
5.2
2.4
0.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.2
12.0
13.8
13.5
67.4
Source: NWS Fairbanks

People and culture

Demographics

First monument to the first settlers in Fairbanks, Alaska
First monument to the first settlers in Fairbanks, Alaska

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 30,224 people, 11,075 households, and 7,187 families residing in the city. The population density was 366.3/km² (948.7/mi²). There were 12,357 housing units at an average density of 149.8/km² (387.9/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 66.67% White, 11.15% Black or African American, 9.91% Native American, 2.72% Asian, 0.54% Pacific Islander, 2.45% from other races, and 6.57% from two or more races. 6.13% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Download high resolution version (480x640, 115 KB)Photograph of monument to first settlers in Fairbanks, Alaska taken by Mark Burnett File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (480x640, 115 KB)Photograph of monument to first settlers in Fairbanks, Alaska taken by Mark Burnett File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ...


There were 11,075 households out of which 39.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.2% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.1% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.15. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 29.4% under the age of 18, 14.7% from 18 to 24, 32.8% from 25 to 44, 16.4% from 45 to 64, and 6.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 105.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.2 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $40,577, and the median income for a family was $46,785. Males had a median income of $30,539 versus $26,577 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,814. About 7.4% of families and 10.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.6% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Media

Fairbanks' largest newspaper is the Fairbanks Daily News-Miner, which also includes a weekly entertainment guide, Latitude 65. A few other periodicals also serve Fairbanks and the Fairbanks North Star Borough: The Ester Republic and the University of Alaska Fairbanks student newspaper, the Sun Star. Fairbanks also has its own equine publication, Northern Horse Source. The Fairbanks Daily News-Miner is a newspaper that serves the city of Fairbanks, Alaska and Fairbanks North Star Borough. ... The Ester Republic is a small monthly newspaper published in Ester, Alaska, and established January 1999. ... The Sun Star is the student newspaper for the University of Alaska Fairbanks, formed in a merger of the Northern Sun and the Polar Star. ...


Fairbanks is also served by television and radio. Leading radio stations include AM Stations KFAR 660 talk radio, KCBF 820 ESPN Radio Network, KFBX 970 talk radio and KJNP-AM 1170 religious radio. FM stations include 88.5 popular christian, KUAC 89.9 National Public Radio, KSUA 91.5 University of Alaska, Fairbanks, KXLR 95.9 classic rock KYSC 96.9 soft rock, KWLF 98.1-"Wolf 98.1", top 40, KJNP 100.3 religious radio, KAKQ-FM 101.1-"Magic 101.1" pop music, KIAK-FM 102.5 country music, KTDZ 103.9-"K-TED" adult hits, and KKED 104.7 rock music. Fairbanks Open Radio is a local organization working on creating an independent community radio station, but the group does not yet broadcast. KFAR is a commercial radio station programming news/talk in Fairbanks, Alaska, broadcasting on 660 AM. Query the FCCs AM station database for KFAR KFARs Website Fairbanks, Alaska AM radio stations (Arbitron #unranked) By frequency: By call sign: See also: Fairbanks (FM) (AM) Alaska Radio Markets Anchorage (AM... KCBF is a commercial radio station airing sports programming in Fairbanks, Alaska, broadcasting on 820 AM. KCBF obtains its programming from ESPN Sports Radio. ... ESPN, formerly an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, is an American cable television network dedicated to broadcasting and producing sports-related programming 24 hours a day. ... KFBX is a commercial radio station programming talk in Fairbanks, Alaska, broadcasting on 970 AM. Query the FCCs AM station database for KFBX AM 970 KFBXs Website Fairbanks, Alaska AM radio stations (Arbitron #unranked) By frequency: By call sign: See also: Fairbanks (FM) (AM) Alaska Radio Markets Anchorage... AlaskaOne (or Alaska One) operates several PBS television stations in Alaska: KTOO-TV channel 3 (Juneau), KUAC-TV channel 9 (Fairbanks), KYUK-TV channel 4 (Bethel), KMXT-LP channel 9 (Kodiak), and translator stations throughout Alaska. ... KSUA is a student-operated college radio station in Fairbanks, Alaska, broadcasting at 91. ... KXLR is a commercial classic rock music radio station in Fairbanks, Alaska, broadcasting on 95. ... KYSC is a commercial adult contemporary music radio station in Fairbanks, Alaska, broadcasting on 96. ... KWLF is a commercial radio station in Fairbanks, Alaska, broadcasting on 98. ... The current version of the article or section reads like an advertisement. ... KAKQ-FM is a commercial adult contemporary music radio station in Fairbanks, Alaska, broadcasting on 101. ... KIAK-FM is a commercial country music radio station in Fairbanks, Alaska, broadcasting on 102. ... KTDZ is a commercial radio station in College, Alaska, broadcasting to the Fairbanks, Alaska area on 103. ... KKED is a commercial active rock music radio station in Fairbanks, Alaska, broadcasting on 104. ...


Fairbanks' major television affiliates are KATN (ABC)-(KIMO retransmission), KFXF (FOX), KUAC (PBS)-"AlaskaONE" with some KMXT-only programming, KTVF (NBC), K13XD (CBS), and UHF station KDMD-LP-(i)-Fairbanks. Cable TV is available from GCI and Denali Television. KIMO-TV(Channel 13) in Anchorage, KATN (Channel 2) in Fairbanks and KJUD (Channel 8) in Juneau, all in Alaska, are a trio of ABC affiliates covering the The Last Frontier under the Alaskas Superstation banner. ... This article is about the American broadcast network. ... KIMO-TV (Channel 13) in Anchorage, KATN (Channel 2) in Fairbanks and KJUD (Channel 8) in Juneau, all in Alaska, are a trio of ABC affiliates covering the The Last Frontier under the Alaskas Superstation banner. ... KFXF Fox 7 is the Fox affiliate in Fairbanks, Alaska, signing on the air on April 20, 1992 as the areas first commercial station (and fifth in general after KJNP-TV in 1981) since KTVF and KATN both started in 1955; until then, they were the only two major... FOX redirects here. ... AlaskaOne (or Alaska One) operates several PBS television stations in Alaska: KTOO-TV channel 3 (Juneau), KUAC-TV channel 9 (Fairbanks), KYUK-TV channel 4 (Bethel), KMXT-LP channel 9 (Kodiak), and translator stations throughout Alaska. ... Not to be confused with Public Broadcasting Services in Malta. ... AlaskaOne (or Alaska One) is a statewide PBS member network, serving communities in Alaska outside of Anchorage, (where they have their own PBS channel, KAKM). ... KTVF, channel 11, is an NBC affiliate serving Fairbanks, Alaska. ... This article is about the television network. ... K13XD (branded as KXD) Channel 13 is the CBS affiliate in Fairbanks, Alaska. ... This article is about the broadcast network. ... KDMD-LP is an i (formerly known as Pax) network affiliate in Fairbanks, Alaska. ... GCI Communication Corp. ...


Facilities, utilities, schools, and health care

Fifteen circulating pump stations distribute treated water throughout the greater Fairbanks area. City water, sewer and electric systems are operated by a private company. The Chena power site has four steam turbines fueled by coal, and one oil-fueled electrical generator. Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... A sewer is an artificial conduit or system of conduits used to remove sewage (human liquid waste) and to provide drainage. ... The article on electrical energy is located elsewhere. ... Coal Example chemical structure of coal Coal (pronounced ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... This article is about machines that produce electricity. ...


Garbage collection services are provided in some areas of the city, although many Fairbanks residents must haul their own garbage to "transfer stations" where trash and garbage are picked up and taken to the dump. Collected refuse is hauled to the Class 1 Borough landfill on South Cushman Street. Garbage services are funded by a tax that is paid by resident property owners regardless of whether or not they are eligible for garbage collection services in their area. Fort Wainwright operates its own landfill. For the corporation, see Waste Management Incorporated Waste management is the collection, transport, processing or disposal of waste materials, usually ones produced by human activity, in an effort to reduce their effect on human health or local amenity. ... It has been suggested that Ladd Army Airfield be merged into this article or section. ...


Electricity is provided by Golden Valley Electric Association. Fairbanks, currently holds the world record for the largest Rechargeable battery, this weighs approx 1,300 tons, and was installed to help bridge the gaps that occur during frequent power outages. the batteries will provide power for 7 minutes, to about 12,000 homes. [3]


There are 20 schools, attended by 10,119 students. There are both public and private schools. Most private schools are run by religious organizations. (i.e., private Catholic schools.) To meet Wikipedias quality standards and appeal to a wider international audience, this article may require cleanup. ...


Local hospitals or health clinics include Fairbanks Memorial Hospital; Interior Community Health Center; Chief Andrew Isaac Health Center; Bassett Army Community Hospital/Fort Wainwright. The hospitals are qualified acute care facilities and State-certified Medevac services. Specialized Care: FNA Regional Center for Alcohol & Other Addictions. Long Term Care: Fairbanks Pioneers' Home; Denali Center. Fairbanks is classified as a small city. It is found in EMS Region 1C in the Interior Region. Emergency Services have highway, airport and floatplane access. Emergency service is provided by 911 telephone service, paid EMS service, volunteers, a health aide and the military. Auxiliary health care is provided by Fairbanks Fire Department; Airport Fire Department; University Fire Department; Chena Goldstream Fire & Rescue; Steese Area Volunteer Fire; Guardian Flight Critical-Care Air Ambulance; Warbelow's Air Ambulance; Fort Wainwright Fire/Emergency. For the town in the Republic of Ireland, see Hospital, County Limerick. ...


For more information visit the Fairbanks Chamber of Commerce website at http://fairbankschamber.org. They provide an up-to-date listing of business and utilities companies.


Economy and transportation

As the regional service and supply center for the Alaska Interior, Fairbanks offers a diverse economy, including city, borough, state, and federal government services; and transportation, communication, manufacturing, financial, and regional medical services. Tourism and mining also comprise a significant part of the economy. Including Eielson Air Force Base and Fort Wainwright personnel, over one third of the employment is in government services. The University of Alaska Fairbanks is also a major employer. Approximately 325,000 tourists visit Fairbanks each summer. The Fort Knox hardrock gold mine produces 1,200 ounces daily with 360 permanent year-round employees. 126 city residents hold commercial fishing permits. Fall in Interior Alaska The interior of Alaska makes up most of the state. ... This article describes the government of the United States. ... For the Bobby Womack album, see Communication (1972 album). ... Manufacturing (from Latin manu factura, making by hand) is the use of tools and labor to make things for use or sale. ... FINANCIAL is the weekly English-language newspaper with offices in Tbilisi, Georgia and Kiev, Ukraine. ... See drugs, medication, and pharmacology for substances that are used to treat patients. ... Eielson Air Force Base (IATA: EIL, ICAO: PAEI) is located in Fairbanks North Star Borough, Alaska. ... It has been suggested that Ladd Army Airfield be merged into this article or section. ... The University of Alaska Fairbanks, located in Fairbanks, Alaska, USA, is the second largest campus of the University of Alaska System, and is abbreviated as UAF. UAF is a land-grant, sea-grant, and space-grant institution, as well as participating in the sun-grant program through Oregon State University. ... A tourist boat travels the River Seine in Paris, France Tourism can be defined as the act of travel for the purpose of recreation, and the provision of services for this act. ... Fishing industry is the commercial activity of fishing and producing fish and other seafood products. ...


Fairbanks is at the confluence of the Richardson Highway, George Parks Highway, Steese Highway, and Elliott Highway, connecting the Interior to Anchorage, Canada, and the lower 48 states. The Dalton Highway to Prudhoe Bay begins about 75 miles (about 120 km) north of town. Goods are transported to Fairbanks by truck, air, and the Alaska Railroad. Regularly scheduled jet flights are available at the state-owned Fairbanks International Airport. An 11,800-foot (3,597 meter) asphalt runway, heliport, and seaplane landing strip are available. A public seaplane base is also located on the Chena River. In addition, there are several privately owned airstrips and heliports in the vicinity. The Richardson Highway runs from Valdez, Alaska to Fairbanks, Alaska. ... The George Parks Highway (numbered Alaska Route 3), usually called simply the Parks Highway, runs 323 miles (520 km) from the Glenn Highway 35 miles (56 km) north of Anchorage to Fairbanks in the Alaska Interior. ... The Steese Highway is a highway in the Alaska Interior that extends northward from Fairbanks to Circle, a town on the Yukon River about 80 km (50 miles) south of the Arctic Circle. ... The Elliott Highway is a highway in Alaska that extends from Fox, about 16 km (10 miles) north of Fairbanks to Manley Hot Springs, a distance of 260 km (162 miles). ... This article is about the city in the U.S. state of Alaska. ... The continental United States refers (except sometimes in U.S. federal law and regulations) to the largest part of the U.S. that is delimited by a continuous border. ... The highway and pipeline run generally parallel to each other; this segment is between the Arctic Circle and Coldfoot. ... Prudhoe Bay (IPA: ) is a census-designated place (CDP) located in North Slope Borough in the U.S. state of Alaska. ... The Alaska Railroad (AAR reporting marks ARR) is a Class II railroad that extends from Seward, in the south of the state of Alaska, in the United States, to Fairbanks, in the interior of that state. ... Fairbanks International Airport diagram. ... A DeHavilland Single Otter floatplane in Harbour Air livery. ... The Chena River is a river that flows in the interior of Alaska from the Alaskan White Mountains east of Fairbanks into the Tanana River near Fairbanks. ... An airstrip is a kind of airport that consists only of a runway with perhaps fueling equipment. ...


Fairbanks was a major shipping center via waterway for the rest of the Interior, but in modern times water transportation is primarily recreational or used for subsistence hunting and fishing access.


Taxes

  • Sales: None
  • Property: 20.777 mills (7.171 City/13.606 Borough areawide)
  • Special: 5% Alcohol tax (City only); 16% Tobacco tax (8% City/8% Borough); 8% Accommodations tax (City only)

Points of interest

Creamers Field Migratory Waterfowl Refuge is an 1800 acre (7. ... The Georgeson Botanical Garden is a botanical garden located at 117 West Tanana Drive on the University of Alaska Fairbanks campus in Fairbanks, Alaska. ... This article is in need of attention. ... The Discovery III docked in Fairbanks, Alaska. ...

See also

Growden Memorial Park is an outdoor sports stadium in Fairbanks, Alaska. ... Lathrop High School is a public high school in Fairbanks in the U.S. state of Alaska, part of the Fairbanks North Star Borough School District. ... The Noel Wien Public Library, operated by the Fairbanks North Star Borough, is located in Fairbanks, Alaska. ... West Valley High School is a public high school in Fairbanks, Alaska, and part of the Fairbanks North Star Borough School District. ... Monroe Catholic High School is a private, Roman Catholic high school in Fairbanks, Alaska. ... This article is considered orphaned, since there are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...

Sister Cities

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Aix-les-Bains is a spa town of eastern France, near the Lac du Bourget, and 9 m. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... Rana Museum, department for cultural history Mo i Rana is a town in the municipality of Rana, Nordland, Norway, located just south of the Arctic Circle. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... Tainan is the name of a city and a county in southwestern Taiwan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... , Pune (IPA: , Marathi: पुणे) is a city located in the western Indian state of Maharashtra. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mongolia. ... Erdenet (Эпдэнэт) is the second-largest city in Mongolia. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Annual Estimates of the Population for All Incorporated Places in Alaska (CSV). 2005 Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division (June 21, 2006). Retrieved on November 9, 2006.

The comma-separated values (or CSV; also known as a comma-separated list or comma-separated variables) file format is a file type that stores tabular data. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Coordinates: 64.837780° N 147.71639° W Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Fairbanks Alaska Visitor Information Site (567 words)
Fairbanks, Alaska, 358 miles north of Anchorage (by way of the Parks Highway), likes to think that it (instead of Delta) is the end of the Alaska Highway.
Alaska may be known for its harsh winter climate, but Fairbanksans prefer to enjoy their wonderful summers to the fullest while they can.
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Fairbanks, Alaska - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2232 words)
Fairbanks is the largest city in the Interior region of Alaska, and third largest in the state.
Fairbanks is located in the heart of Alaska's Interior, on both shores of the Chena River, near its confluence with the Tanana River in the Tanana Valley.
Fairbanks is at the confluence of the Richardson Highway, George Parks Highway, Steese Highway, and Elliott Highway, connecting the Interior to Anchorage, Canada, and the lower 48 states.
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