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Encyclopedia > Facial vein
Vein: Facial vein
Veins of the head and neck. (Anterior facial labeled at right center, at cheek, to right of masseter.)
Dissection, showing salivary glands of right side. (Anterior facial vein labeled at bottom right.)
Latin vena facialis anterior
Gray's subject #167 645
Source angular vein
Drains to internal jugular vein
Artery facial artery
Dorlands/Elsevier v_05/12850336

The anterior facial vein (facial vein) commences at the side of the root of the nose, and is a direct continuation of the angular vein. It lies behind the facial artery and follows a less tortuous course. It usually either joins the anterior branch of the retromandibular vein to form the common facial vein, or drains directly into the internal jugular vein. In human anatomy, the masseter is one of the muscles of mastication. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... The angular vein formed by the junction of the frontal and supraorbital veins, runs obliquely downward, on the side of the root of the nose, to the level of the lower margin of the orbit, where it becomes the anterior facial vein. ... The external and internal jugular veins are veins that bring deoxygenated blood from the head back to the heart via the superior vena cava. ... The facial artery (external maxillary artery in older texts) is a branch of the external carotid artery that supplies structures of the face. ... Elseviers logo. ... Human nose in profile A typical bulbous human nose Anatomically, a nose is a protuberance in vertebrates that houses the nostrils, or nares, which admit and expel air for respiration. ... The angular vein formed by the junction of the frontal and supraorbital veins, runs obliquely downward, on the side of the root of the nose, to the level of the lower margin of the orbit, where it becomes the anterior facial vein. ... The facial artery (external maxillary artery in older texts) is a branch of the external carotid artery that supplies structures of the face. ... The anterior facial vein unites with the posterior facial vein to form the common facial vein, which crosses the external carotid artery and enters the internal jugular vein at a variable point below the hyoid bone. ... The external and internal jugular veins are veins that bring deoxygenated blood from the head back to the heart via the superior vena cava. ...


Path

From its origin it runs obliquely downward and backward, beneath the Zygomaticus and zygomatic head of the Quadratus labii superioris, descends along the anterior border and then on the superficial surface of the Masseter, crosses over the body of the mandible, and passes obliquely backward, beneath the Platysma and cervical fascia, superficial to the submaxillary gland, the Digastricus and Stylohyoideus. Zygomaticus can refer to: Zygomatic bone Zygomaticus minor muscle Zygomatic major muscle Category: ... The levator labii superioris (or quadratus labii superioris) is a broad sheet, the origin of which extends from the side of the nose to the zygomatic bone. ... In human anatomy, the masseter is one of the muscles of mastication. ... The platysma is a superficial muscle that stretches from the clavicle to the mandible overlapping the sternocleidomastoid. ... The submandibular gland (or submaxillary gland in older references) is one of the salivary glands, responsible for producing saliva. ... The digastric muscle (named digastric as it has two bellies) is a small muscle located under the jaw. ...


The facial vein has no valves, and its walls are not so flaccid as most superficial veins. A valve is a mechanical device that regulates the flow of fluids (either gases, fluidised solids, slurries or liquids) by opening, closing, or partially obstructing various passageways. ...


Additional images

External links

This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant. eMedicine is an online clinical medical knowledge base that was founded in 1996. ... Georgetown University, incorporated as the The President and Directors of the College of Georgetown, is a private university in the United States, located in Georgetown, a historic neighborhood of Washington, D.C. Founded on January 23, 1789 by Archbishop John Carroll, it is both the oldest Roman Catholic and oldest... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... An illustration from the 1918 edition Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy after Henry Gray, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
VEINS - LoveToKnow Article on VEINS (7422 words)
The frontal vein on the forehead passes down on the inner side of the eyelids, where it is known as the angular, and then becomes the facial vein, which runs down to an inch in front of thfe angle of the jaw, whence it passes into the neck to join the common facial.
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It is formed by a confluence of the veins of the pterygoid plexus, and passes backward between the sphenomandibular ligament and the neck of the mandible, and unites with the temporal vein to form the posterior facial vein.
The parietal emissary vein connects it with the superior sagittal sinus; and as it passes across the mastoid portion of the temporal bone, it receives the mastoid emissary vein which connects it with the transverse sinus.
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