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Encyclopedia > FS Charles de Gaulle
Charles De Gaulle nuclear aricraft carrier
Career French Navy Jack
Builder DCN, Brest
Power Plant Two K15 Pressurised Water Reactor (PWR) two shafts
Length 261.5 m overall
Flight Deck Width 64 m
Beam 31.5 m
Displacement 40,500 tons full load
Speed 27 knots (50 km/h)
Catapults Steam
(the same models as installed on the Nimitz-class supercarriers).
Aircraft 40 aircraft, including
Complement Ship's Company: 1,150
Air Wing: 600
Armament Four 8 cell SYLVER launchers carrying the MBDA Aster 15 surface to air missile.

Two 6 cell Sadral launchers carrying Mistral short range missiles
Eight Giat 20F2 20 mm cannons. Charles de Gaulle Nuclear Aircraft carrier , courtesy of www. ... French Navy jack and ensign. ... Direction des Constructions Navales (DCN) is based in France and is one of Europes leading shipbuilders. ... Location within France Brest, at the tip of Brittany Brest is a city in the Bretagne région, north-west France, sous-préfecture of the Finistère département. ... The Nimitz class supercarriers are the largest warships in the world. ... USS , a typical supercarrier, and HMS Illustrious, a light V/STOL aircraft carrier on a joint patrol. ... The Rafale is a French twin-engine delta-wing multirole fighter aircraft designed and built by Dassault Aviation. ... The Dassault Super Étendard is a French carrier-borne strike fighter in service with the French and Argentine Navy. ... The Grumman E-2 Hawkeye is the United States Navys all-weather, aircraft carrier-based tactical warning and control system aircraft. ... The Eurocopter Dauphin (Dolphin) is a medium-weight multipurpose twin-engine helicopter manufactured by Eurocopter (originally by Aérospatiale). ... Aster 15 SYLVER launchers on the Charles de Gaulle The SYLVER is a vertical missile launcher designed by DCN. The primary application of the launcher has been the MBDA Aster missile. ... Aster is a surface-to-air missile manufactured by the European firm MBDA. The missile comes in two variants, the medium range Aster 15 and the longer range Aster 30. ... Mistral is an infrared homing surface-to-air missile manufactured by the European multinational company MBDA missile systems (formerly by Matra BAe Dynamics). ... The 20 mm modèle F2 gun is a naval defence weapon in usage in the French Navy. ...

Date Deployed April 2001.

The Charles De Gaulle (R91) is the only serving French aircraft carrier and is the flagship of the French Navy (Marine Nationale). She is the first French nuclear-powered surface vessel and the tenth carrier in the history of the French Navy. She is named after the French statesman and general Charles De Gaulle. 2001 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December Events: April 1: An EP-3E United States Navy plane collides with a Chinese Peoples Liberation Army fighter jet. ... An aircraft carrier is a warship whose main role is to deploy and recover aircraft—in effect acting as a sea-going airbase. ... The French Navy (Marine Nationale) is the naval arm of the French military and is the second-largest Western European navy (the largest being the United Kingdoms Royal Navy). ... The word nuclear means of or belonging to the nucleus of something. ... General Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle (listen â–¶(?)) (November 22, 1890 – November 9, 1970), in France commonly referred to as général de Gaulle or Le Général, was a French military leader and statesman. ...


Her complement of Dassault Rafale and E-2 Hawkeye, as well as state-of-the-art electronics and Aster missiles, give her offensive power unseen before in France. The Rafale is a French twin-engine delta-wing multirole fighter aircraft designed and built by Dassault Aviation. ... The Grumman E-2 Hawkeye is the United States Navys all-weather, aircraft carrier-based tactical warning and control system aircraft. ... Aster is a surface-to-air missile manufactured by the European firm MBDA. The missile comes in two variants, the medium range Aster 15 and the longer range Aster 30. ...

Contents


Development

Construction

The carrier replaced the Foch conventionally powered aircraft carrier in 2001. The Clemenceau and Foch were completed in 1961 and 1963 respectively; the requirement for a replacement was identified in the mid 1970s. The Foch (R 99) was the sister-ship of the Clémenceau. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... The Clémenceau (R98), oftem affectuously called le Clém, was the 8th aircraft carrier of the French Navy. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The 1970s in its most obvious sense refers to the decade between 1970 and 1979. ...


The hull was laid down in April 1989 at the DCN Brest Naval shipyard. The carrier was completed in May 1994 and at 35,500 tonnes was the largest warship launched in Western Europe since the Bismarck in 1939. 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Direction des Constructions Navales (DCN) is based in France and is one of Europes leading shipbuilders. ... Location within France Brest, at the tip of Brittany Brest is a city in the Bretagne région, north-west France, sous-préfecture of the Finistère département. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... Western Europe is distinguished from Eastern Europe by differences of history and culture rather than by geography. ... Bismarck was a German battleship during World War II. She was named after Otto von Bismarck and is famous for sinking HMS Hood in 1941, and for the subsequent pursuit which ended with her destruction just three days later. ... 1939 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


She was named Richelieu in 1986, after the famous French politician Armand-Jean du Plessis, Cardinal and Duc de Richelieu (following a traditional name for capital ships in the French Navy, see battleship Richelieu for instance), but was renamed to Charles De Gaulle the year after by Prime Minister of the time, Jacques Chirac. 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses of Richelieu, see Richelieu (disambiguation). ... The Richelieu was a French battleship of World War II named for the seventeenth century statesman Cardinal Richelieu. ... Jacques René Chirac ▶(?), (born November 29, 1932 in Paris) is a French politician who is currently President of the French Republic. ...


Spying incident

In 1993, a group of MI6 officers posing as engineers were discovered inspecting the vessel during its construction. It is believed they were evaluating the method of shielding the nuclear reactors. 1993 (MCMXCIII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... The Secret Intelligence Service (SIS), more commonly known as MI6 (originally Military Intelligence Section 6), or the Secret Service, is the United Kingdom external security agency. ...


Trials and technical problems

Satirical strip of Le Parisien newpaper. The sign reads : "Work in progress, slow down".
Satirical strip of Le Parisien newpaper. The sign reads : "Work in progress, slow down".

The Charles De Gaulle entered sea trials in 1999 which identified the need to extend the flight deck to safely operate the E-2C Hawkeye. This operation induced a bad perception in the population, though the same operation had been performed on both the Foch and the Clemenceau when F-8 Crusader aircraft had been introduced, and that the 5 million francs for the extension were 0,025% of the total budget for the Charles De Gaulle project.
This work is copyrighted. ... This work is copyrighted. ... Le Parisien (The Parisian) is a French daily newspaper covering both international and national news, and local news of Paris and suburbs. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) is a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... The Grumman E-2 Hawkeye is the United States Navys all-weather, aircraft carrier-based tactical warning and control system aircraft. ... The Foch (R 99) was the sister-ship of the Clémenceau. ... The Clémenceau (R98), oftem affectuously called le Clém, was the 8th aircraft carrier of the French Navy. ... F-8C digital fly-by-wire testbed (NASA) Two F-8 Crusaders Prepare to Launch from the USS Midway (CV-41). ...


On 28 February 2000, a nuclear reactor trial triggered the combustion of additional isolation elements, producing a smoke incident. February 28 is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year 2000. ...

The faulty propeller, a 6-metre wide, 19-tonne mono-bloc of copper-aluminium alloy
The faulty propeller, a 6-metre wide, 19-tonne mono-bloc of copper-aluminium alloy

During the night of the 910 November 2000, in the Western Atlantic, en route toward Norfolk, Virginia, the port propeller broke, and the ship had to return to Toulon to replace the faulty element. The following investigations showed similar structural defaults in the spare propellers: bubbles in the one-piece copper-aluminium alloy propellers near the center, blamed on the supplier. As a temporary solution, the less advanced propellers of the Foch and the Clemenceau were used, limiting the maximimum speed to 24 knots (44 km/h), instead of the contractual 27 knots (50 km/h). This did not affect air operations. This work is copyrighted. ... This work is copyrighted. ... November 9 is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 52 days remaining. ... November 10 is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 51 days remaining. ... -1... Port is the nautical term (used on boats and ships) that refers to the left side of a ship, as perceived by a person facing towards the bow (the front of the vessel). ... Location within France Coat of Arms of Toulon Toulon (Tolon in Provençal) is a city in southern France and a large military harbor on the Mediterranean coast, with a major French naval base. ... The Foch (R 99) was the sister-ship of the Clémenceau. ... The Clémenceau (R98), oftem affectuously called le Clém, was the 8th aircraft carrier of the French Navy. ...


On 5 March 2001, the Charles De Gaulle went back to the sea with two older propellers, and sailed 25,2 knots (47 km/h) on her trials. March 5 is the 64th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (65th in leap years). ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ...


Between July and October, the Charles De Gaulle had to be refitted once more due to abnormal noises near the starboard propeller up to 100 dB, which rendered the aft part uninhabitable.


On the 18 May 2001, the Charles De Gaulle was officially commissioned, somewhat tainted with a reputation as a financial black hole and as a bit of a lemon. May 18 is the 138th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (139th in leap years). ... The Market for Lemons: Quality Uncertainty and the Market Mechanism is a paper by George Akerlof written in 1970 that established the fundamentals of asymmetrical information theory. ...


Active Service

Refitting

On 16 September 2001, slightly abnormal radioactivity levels aboard the Charles De Gaulle, probably due to a faulty isolation element, were reported by the French press. September 16 is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years). ...


While the USA were preparing their retaliation for the attack of the 11th of September 2001 in the form of "Operation Enduring Freedom", the media complained about the lack of deployable French military power. At the same time, the Defence Commission reported the maintenance of the Fleet to be substandard. In this context, the Charles De Gaulle, then under repairs, was again object of criticism, former president Valéry Giscard d'Estaing mentioning a "half-aircraft-carrier". The September 11, 2001 attacks were a series of suicide attacks upon the United States of America conducted on Tuesday, September 11, 2001. ... Official Picture Poster for Operation Enduring Freedom by the DoD Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) is the military response to the September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States . ... Valéry Marie René Georges Giscard dEstaing (born February 2, 1926 in Koblenz, Germany) is a French politician who was President of the Republic from 1974 until 1981. ...


Liaison 16

Command bridge of the Charles De Gaulle aircraft carrier
Command bridge of the Charles De Gaulle aircraft carrier

On 11 October 2001, the Cassard frigate, four AWACS aircraft and the Charles De Gaulle were involved in a successful trial of the "Liaison 16" high-bandwidth secure data network. The network allows real-time monitoring of the airspace from the South of England to the Mediterranean Sea. The collected data were also transmited in real time to the Jean Bart through the older "Liaison 11" system. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Charles De Gaulle (R91) is the only serving French aircraft carrier and is the flagship of the French Navy (Marine Nationale). ... October 11 is the 284th day of the year (285th in Leap years). ... The Cassart (D614) is an anti-air frigate of the French Marine Nationale, lead ship of the Cassard type. ... US Air Force E-3 Sentry AWACS aircraft is prepared for flight in November 1997 Cockpit of RAF E-3 Sentry undergoing upgrades Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS) is a radar-based electronic system designed to carry out airborne surveillance, and C3 (command, control and communications) functions for both... Satellite image The Mediterranean Sea is a part of the Atlantic Ocean almost completely enclosed by land, on the north by Europe, on the south by Africa, and on the east by Asia. ... The Jean Bart (D615) is an anti-air frigate of the French Marine Nationale of the Cassard type. ...


Gas incident

On 8 November 2001, a sailor performing a routine maintenance task lost consciousness due to a toxic gas leak. A non-commissioned officer attempted to rescue him and collapsed as well. They were immediately rescued by the onboard medical team and sent to Toulon Hospital. Both survived. November 8 is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 53 days remaining. ...


Afghanistan : Mission Héracles

On 21 November 2001, France decided to send the Charles De Gaulle to the Indian Ocean to support UN operations against Afghanistan. November 21 is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ...


Task Force 473, with 2900 men under command of Contre-Amiral François Cluzel sailed on 1 December. The task force comprised of the nuclear aircraft carrier Charles De Gaulle, frigates La Motte-Picquet, Jean de Vienne and Jean Bart, the nuclear attack submarine Rubis, the tanker Meuse and the aviso Commandant Ducuing. Counter Admiral is an Anglification of a naval rank found in some European navies; in the Deutsche Marine: Konteradmiral. ... December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The La Motte-Picquet is a F70 type anti-submarine frigates of the French Marine Nationale. ... The Jean de Vienne is a F70 type anti-submarine frigates of the French Marine Nationale. ... The Jean Bart (D615) is an anti-air frigate of the French Marine Nationale of the Cassard type. ... The Rubis is a first-generation nuclear attack submarines of the French Navy, named after the French submarine Rubis which distinguished herself during the Second World War. ... The Durance class is a type of military tanker of the French Navy. ... An aviso is a French kind of dispatch boat. ... The A69 type Avisos are small warships mainly designed for costal anti-submarine defence, but are also available for high sea escort missions (notably in support missions with the FOST). ...


The air power comprised 16 Super Étendards, one E-2C Hawkeye, two Rafale and several helicopters. The Dassault Super Étendard is a French carrier-borne strike fighter in service with the French and Argentine Navy. ... The Grumman E-2 Hawkeye is the United States Navys all-weather, aircraft carrier-based tactical warning and control system aircraft. ... The Rafale is a French twin-engine delta-wing multirole fighter aircraft designed and built by Dassault Aviation. ...

A rare occurrence of a 5-country multinational fleet, during Operation Enduring Freedom in the Oman Sea. From the upper left to the bottom right: ITS Maestrale, FS De Grasse, USS John C. Stennis, USS Port Royal, Charles De Gaulle (R 91), HMS Ocean, FS Surcouf, USS John F. Kennedy, HNLMS Van Amstel and ITS Luigi Durand de la Penne (18th of April 2002).
A rare occurrence of a 5-country multinational fleet, during Operation Enduring Freedom in the Oman Sea. From the upper left to the bottom right: ITS Maestrale, FS De Grasse, USS John C. Stennis, USS Port Royal, Charles De Gaulle (R 91), HMS Ocean, FS Surcouf, USS John F. Kennedy, HNLMS Van Amstel and ITS Luigi Durand de la Penne (18th of April 2002).

On 17 December, 2001, Task Force 473 was integrated in an international force, alongside USS Theodore Roosevelt and USS John C. Stennis aeronaval groups, and the Italian Giuseppe Garibaldi. The force included over 100 French, US, Canadian, British, German, Italian, Dutch, Australian, Spanish and Japanese ships under a centralised inter-allied command in Bahrain. A rare occurance of a 5-country multinational fleet, during Operation Enduring Freedom in the Oman Sea. ... A rare occurance of a 5-country multinational fleet, during Operation Enduring Freedom in the Oman Sea. ... Maestrale class is the most important frigate class for the Marina Militare (Italian Navy) of the late 20th century. ... The De Grasse is a F67 type large high-sea frigates of the French Marine Nationale specialised in anti-submarine warfare, though it also has anti-air and anti-surface capabilities. ... USS (CVN-74) is a nuclear-powered supercarrier in the United States Navy named for a Senator from Mississippi. ... USS Port Royal (CG-73) is a United States Navy guided missile cruiser, the last to be constructed in the 20th century, and the first cruiser to integrate women into the crew. ... The Charles De Gaulle (R91) is the only serving French aircraft carrier and is the flagship of the French Navy (Marine Nationale). ... The sixth HMS Ocean (L12) of the Royal Navy is a Landing Platform, Helicopter Cruiser, the only one in its class, built by Kvaerner Govan on the Clyde taking advantage of commercial build methods and facilities, before sailing from Barrow-in-Furness for fitting out prior to acceptance into service... FS Surcouf (F-711) is a La Fayette-class frigate of the French Navy. ... USS (CVA/CV-67) (or Big John) is a U.S. Navy aircraft carrier. ... The Karel Doorman class is a class of eight multi-purpose frigates of the Royal Netherlands Navy. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN-71) is the fourth Nimitz-class supercarrier. ... USS (CVN-74) is a nuclear-powered supercarrier in the United States Navy named for a Senator from Mississippi. ... Giuseppe Garibaldi (C 551) The Italian light aircraft carrier Giuseppe Garibaldi (C 551) (foreground) and the U.S. Navy aircraft carrier USS America (CV 66) conduct joint operations in the Adriatic Sea off the coast of Croatia on the 19 January 1996 The Giuseppe Garibaldi (C 551) is the first...


Super Étendard aircraft carried out their first missions above Afghanistan on 19 December, executing reconnaissance and bombing missions, covering over 3000 kilometres. Overall they carried out 140 missions, averaging 12 every day, dodging five Stinger missiles. December 19 is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Two soldiers preparing to fire a shoulder-mounted Stinger missile launcher A Stinger System: Launcher, Missile and Battery The FIM-92 Stinger is a man portable infra-red homing surface-to-air missile developed in the United States and used by all the US armed services, with whom it entered...


On 18 February 2002, a Helios observation satellite spotted abnormal activities near Gardez. The next day, after US Special Forces in the region confirmed these observations, the Charles De Gaulle launched two reconnaissance Super Étendards. On the 20th, British and US forces entered the valley, and on 2 March, "Operation Anaconda" began. February 18 is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2002 (MMII) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Helios 1B is a French military photo-reconnoissance spacecraft. ... Gardez is the capital of Paktia province, Afghanistan. ... March 2 is the 61st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (62nd in leap years). ... Soldiers from Bravo Company, 101st Airborne Division, prepare to move out after being dropped off by a Chinook helicopter at the battle zone during Operation Anaconda. ...


In March, Super Étendards and 6 Mirage 2000 aircraft carried out airstrikes against targets claimed to be al Qaeda. A few targets suggested by US forces were denied out of fear of hitting civilians. Nevertheless, French involvement was complimented by the US President George W. Bush, mentioning "our good ally, France, who deployed a quarter of her Navy in Operation Enduring Freedom" (11 March 2002)[1]. At this point, the French air complement had been increased to 16 Super Étendards, 6 Mirage 2000 D, 5 Rafale, two KC-135 air tankers, and two Hawkeye AWACS. From February, the Charles De Gaulle and the USS John C. Stennis exchanged a few aircraft as a means of strengthening the ties between the allies. A Mirage 2000 of the Indian Air Force The Mirage 2000 is a French-built multi-role fighter manufactured by Dassault Aviation. ... Osama bin Laden, leader of Al-Qaeda Ayman al-Zawahiri Al-Qaeda (Arabic: , al-Qā‘idah; the foundation or the base) is the name given to an international Islamic fundamentalist campaign comprised of independent and collaborative cells that all profess the same cause of reducing outside influence upon Islamic affairs. ... GEORGE BUSH IBold textS A FAGET!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! ... 11 March is the 70th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (71st in Leap year). ... The Boeing KC-135 Stratotanker is an aerial refueling tanker aircraft, first manufactured in 1956 and expected to remain in service into the 2020s. ...

Image:USS Enterprise FS Charles De Gaulle.jpg
Charles De Gaulle and USS Enterprise, the first nuclear powered aircraft carrier

On 2 May, the Charles De Gaulle arrived in Singapore for a relief, and returned to Oman on 18th. At the same time, tension began to increase over the question of Iraq; Vice-Amiral Francois Cluzel declared before the press: "France is opposed to any military action against Iraq. Should anything of this nature be undertaken, we would be unlikely to be part of the coalition". The eighth USS Enterprise (CVN-65) was the worlds first nuclear aircraft carrier and the seventh U.S. Navy ship of the name. ... May 2 is the 122nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (123rd in leap years). ...


Indian-Pakistani crisis

From 919 June 2002, the Charles De Gaulle and her group carried out interposition missions to ease the tensions between India and Pakistan over Kashmir. The Rafales patroled the Indian and Pakistani coasts, armed with live air-air munitions, with the aim of preventing incidents such as in 1999 when a Pakistani Breguet Atlantique coming from the sea, possibly on an intelligence mission, was shot down by Indian forces. June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... June 19 is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 195 days remaining. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The Breguet Atlantic (Breguet 1150 Atlantique) is a Long-distance Reconnaissance airplane, primarily designed for use over open Sea. ...


Rescue mission

On 9 October, the CrossMed (Regional Operational Centre for Monitoring and Rescue in Mediterranean Sea) received a distress call on the 8-metre Babolin, whose hull was leaking. The Charles De Gaulle, on manouvers in the region, sent a helicopter which airlifted the three-man crew, in spite of a 35-knot wind, troubled sea and bad visibility. October 9 is the 282nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (283rd in Leap years). ...


Integration in the future Navy

The French Navy is usually a two-carrier navy, mainly to ensure that at least one ship is operational at all times even if the other is under repair. This scheme calls for another aircraft carrier to be built.


The emerging European forces have made equipment standardisation both a necessity and a way to reduce costs. In this context, projects have been drafted to merge the British and French projects for future carriers.


It is possible that the new ship series could be built on the British design, incorporating the recent experience with the Charles De Gaulle. CVF, literally Aircraft Carrier Future, but commonly called the Future Carrier is a new generation of aircraft carrier being developed for the United Kingdoms Royal Navy. ...


Steps have been taken to make such a scenario possible: the new carrier had to be conventionally propelled to meet the requirements of the Royal Navy, and while the French Navy favoured a nuclear design, French President Jacques Chirac declared at the end of 2004 that the next French carrier would use a gas engine. However another issue is that because of the size of the hull, the British will need a modular construction, while the French have the dry docks needed to build a one-piece hull. The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the senior service of the British armed services, being the oldest of its three branches. ... The French Navy (Marine Nationale) is the naval arm of the French military and is the second-largest Western European navy (the largest being the United Kingdoms Royal Navy). ...


See also: Future French aircraft carrier Thales Design A new generation of aircraft carrier developed both for the French Marine nationale based on the Thales design for a UK future aircraft carrier, CV(F). ...


External link

Commons
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FS Charles de Gaulle
  • Link to a French language website Charles De Gaulle Aircaft Carrier Charles De Gaulle on Alabordache

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...

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