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Encyclopedia > FPÖ
Politics of The Republic of Austria ( German: Republik Österreich) is a landlocked country in Central Europe. ...Austria
  • The ethnically and culturally homogenous nation state of Austria is the small but prosperous remnant of Austria_Hungary, a vast multinational empire foundered in 1918. ...Politics of Austria
  • A political party is a political organization subscribing to a certain ideology or formed around very special issues with the aim to participate in power, usually by participating in elections. ...Political parties in Austria
  • Politics of Austria Categories: Election related stubs | Elections in Austria ...Elections in Austria
    • The Leopoldine Wing of Hofburg Imperial Palace in Vienna: home to the offices of the Federal President. ...President: Presidential elections were held in Austria on 25 April 2004. ...2004
    • The National Council or Nationalrat is one of the two houses of the Federal Assembly, the bicameral federal parliament of the Federal Republic of Austria. ...National Council: The election for the National Council of 24 November 2002, saw the consevative Austrian Peoples Party win the government, taking seats from the nationalist Freedom of Austria Party whom it was in coalition with. ...2002, In Austria, the legislative election of October 3, 1999 (elections for the National Council of Austria) caused a major upheaval in the political landscape. ...1999, The elections to the Austrian National Council talking place in fall of 1995 were the first to follow Austrias accession to the EU and followed only a year after the 1994 elections. ...1995, The elections to the Austrian National Council talking place in fall of 1994 were the first to follow Austrias agreement to join the EU and the EU referendum taking place in late spring of 1994. ...1994,
      The elections to the Austrian National Council talking place in 1990 mostly resulted in losses to the ÖVP, then the junior partner in a coalition with the SPÖ, and gains to the FPÖ. Categories: Elections in Austria ...1990, The elections to the Austrian National Council talking place in fall of 1986 followed shortly after Jörg Haider had ousted Norbert Steger as the leader of the FPÖ at the party convention in Innsbruck. ...1986, The elections to the Austrian National Council talking place in 1983 were the last campaign where the SPÖ was led by Chancellor Bruno Kreisky, who had been the head of government since 1970. ...1983, The elections to the Austrian National Council of 1979 resulted in small gains to the SPÖ led by Chancellor Bruno Kreisky, which had an absolute majority at that time. ...1979, The elections to the Austrian National Council of 1975 resulted in no changes to the composition of the parliament. ...1975, The elections to the Austrian National Council of 1971, held only one year after the 1970 elections, were the first after a reform of election law that increased the number of seats in parliament from 165 to 183. ...1971, The elections to the Austrian National Council of 1970 were the first where a plurality was won by the SPÖ, now led by Bruno Kreisky. ...1970

The Austrian Freedom Party (Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs, abbreviated to FPÖ) is an The Republic of Austria ( German: Republik Österreich) is a landlocked country in Central Europe. ...Austrian A political party is a political organization subscribing to a certain ideology or formed around very special issues. ...political party usually associated with the name of Jörg Haider in Carinthia (promotional photo) Jörg Haider (born January 26, 1950) is an Austrian politician. ...Jörg Haider. The FPÖ is generally regarded as a Populism is a political ideology or rhetorical style that holds that the common person is oppressed by the elite in society, which exists only to serve its own interests, and therefore, the instruments of the State need to be grasped from this self_serving elite and instead used for the...populist party and often classed as a Euronationalism is the process of bringing parties and issues that have been judged as far right to a more mainstream audience. ...Euronationalist party. It promises stronger Anti_immigrant and anti_immigration are labels that are often considered inaccurate or prejudicial by those to whom they are applied. ...anti_immigration laws, stricter law enforcement and more funds for families.


Due to a secession of many prominent party members, the FPÖ is currently ( Ongoing events • Bill C_38 ( Canada gay marriage) • Tsunami relief • Cedar Revolution in Lebanon • Kyrgyz revolution in Kyrgyzstan • German Visa Affair 2005 • Expo 2005 in Aichi, Japan • Fuel prices skyrocket • Anti_Japanese textbook protests in China • Election of OAS Secretary General Upcoming events • April 18: Beginning of Papal conclave • April...April 2005) in turmoil, with an unclear future.

Contents

Origins and history

The Freedom Party was founded in 1955 is a common year starting on Saturday. ...1955 and had its roots in the Pan_Germanism, one of the ethnically_charged political movements of the 19th century for unity of the German_speaking peoples of Europe. ...Pan German movement, which included both elements of Liberalism is a political current embracing several historical and present_day ideologies that claim defense of individual liberty as the purpose of government. ...liberalism and Nationalism is an ideology that creates and sustains a nation as a concept of a common identity for groups of humans. ...nationalism. It absorbed the political currents of former parties such as the Landbund and the Greater German People's Party of the First Republic. Its immediate predecessor was the Federation of Independents (Verband der Unabhängigen – VdU), which had obtained 12% of the electorate in 1949 but later collapsed after internal strife.


Even though many of the FPÖ's leading proponents such as Anton Reinthaller and Friedrich Peter were former The Nazi party used a right-facing swastika as their symbol and the red and black colors were said to represent Blut und Boden (blood and soil). ...Nazis, as a In a two_party system a third party is a party other than the two dominant ones. ...third party it had a broad appeal among voters who felt uncomfortable both with the perceived deference to the Catholic Church of the The Austrian Peoples Party or Österreichische Volkspartei is an Austrian political party. ...People's Party and the fairly left wing socialism of the Social democracy is a political ideology emerging in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist society could be achieved through democratic evolutionary rather than revolutionary means. ...Social Democrats at that time. During the following decades, its adherents included Anti_clericalism is a movement that opposes religious interference into public and political life and more generally the encroachment of religion in the citizens lives. ...anti_clerical liberals, business representatives striving for more economic liberalism and German nationalists, some of whom were sympathetic to some The Nazi party used a right_facing swastika as their symbol and the red and black colors were said to represent Blut und Boden (blood and soil). ...Nazi policies. Even today, the lower ranks of the party organisation are largely made up of members of German_nationalist A Studentenverbindung (the umbrella term that includes the Burschenschafts) is a German student corporation. ...Studentenverbindungen. However, this hardly ever stopped other parties from cooperating with it, e.g. Bruno Kreisky Bruno Kreisky (January 22, 1911—July 29, 1990) was an Austrian politician. ...Bruno Kreisky's For minority régime, see Apartheid. ...minority government ( 1970 was a common year starting on Thursday. ...1970 1971 is a common year starting on Friday (click for link to calendar). ...1971) could only survive because the FPÖ agreed to tolerate it.


In 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. ...1980, the FPÖ's liberal wing gained control under the leadership of Norbert Steger, who entered into a coalition government with the Social Democrats in 1983 is an integer and composite number that represents a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...1983. Since results of local elections and polls showed that this threatened the party's existence, discontentment with the party leadership grew, which enabled Jörg Haider in Carinthia (promotional photo) Jörg Haider (born January 26, 1950) is an Austrian politician. ...Jörg Haider to take over the party leadership at the Innsbruck City Center Innsbruck and Nordkette from south Innsbruck (population 120,000) is a city in western Austria, and the capital of the Tyrol province. ...Innsbruck convention of 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...1986 with the help of the party's German_nationalist wing. Social Democratic Chancellor Franz Vranitzky (born October 4, 1937) is an Austrian politician of the SPÖ party (social democrates). ...Franz Vranitzky subsequently announced new elections and then entered into a coalition with the People's Party.


Jörg Haider

Jörg Haider in Carinthia (promotional photo) Jörg Haider (born January 26, 1950) is an Austrian politician. ...Jörg Haider was the leading figure of the FPÖ between 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...1986 and 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...2001 and soon became one of the most controversial European politicians _ mostly because of his dubious dealing with The Republic of Austria ( German: Republik Österreich) is a landlocked country in Central Europe. ...Austria's The Nazi party used a right_facing swastika as their symbol and the red and black colors were said to represent Blut und Boden (blood and soil). ...National Socialist history.


In 1970 was a common year starting on Thursday. ...1970 Haider became the leader of the FPÖ youth movement, where he was perceived to be a liberal. As a federal deputy in Carinthia (Kärnten in German, Koroška in Slovenian) can refer to: Carinthia _ a federal state of Austria Carinthia _ an informal province in Slovenia Carinthia _ a duchy of the Holy Roman Empire and crownland of Austria-Hungary Karantania _ the first Slovenian state This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other...Carinthia he gained some notoriety, and popularity, in attacking linguistic privileges of the Slovenian can refer to: The Slovenian language (Slovenian: slovenščina) The Slovenians, natives of Slovenia (Slovenian: Slovenci, singular Slovenec), also sometimes referred to as Slovenes An adjective referring to something from Slovenia (Slovenian: slovenski) Compare: Slovene This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise...Slovenian minority. Haider rose rapidly through the party ranks, becoming party leader in 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...1986.


The Freedom Party attracted protest votes and those who desire no association with the other major parties. The party's mixture of populism and anti_establishment themes propagated by its aggressive leader steadily gained support over the years. It attracted about 27% of the vote in the 1999 elections.


Jörg Haider became governor of Carinthia ( German Kärnten, Slovenian Koroška) is a federal state or Bundesland, located in the south of Austria. ...Carinthia in 1989 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...1989 for the first time, but had to resign in 1991 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...1991 following a remark that the Nazis had persued better employment policies than the current coalition government in This article is about the city and federal state in Austria. ...Vienna. He regained the post in 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...1999 and has held it since then.


In 1993 is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993_2003) Events January January 1 _ Czechoslovakia divides. ...1993, the remaining liberals within the FPÖ, including four members of the The National Council or Nationalrat is one of the two houses of the Federal Assembly, the bicameral federal parliament of the Federal Republic of Austria. ...National Council (lower house of the parliament), seceded from the party to found the This article is part of or related to the Liberalism series Categories: Politics stubs | Liberal related stubs | Liberal parties | Austrian political parties ...Liberal Forum. This party managed to remain in parliament until 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...1999.


As a matter of fact, most Austrian observers do not consider Jörg Haider as the die_hard nationalist as which he is sometimes presented outside the country, but rather as a Populism is a political ideology or rhetorical style that holds that the common person is oppressed by the elite in society, which exists only to serve its own interests, and therefore, the instruments of the State need to be grasped from this self_serving elite and instead used for the...populist who sometimes plays with chauvinist and anti_immigrant sentiments in order to attract votes. However, beside the populist group around Haider, the party still has a large nationalist wing with a problematic relationship to Austria's Nazi past.


The coalition government

In the In Austria, the legislative election of October 3, 1999 (elections for the National Council of Austria) caused a major upheaval in the political landscape. ...1999 parliamentary election, the FPÖ received 27% of the votes, more than in any election before; by a small margin (about 400 votes, with 4.6 million Austrians voting) they even beat the The Austrian Peoples Party or Österreichische Volkspartei is an Austrian political party. ...ÖVP (the conservative "People's Party"), which had until then always taken first or second place in national elections.


In early 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...2000, the FPÖ joined a coalition government with Wolfgang Schüssel Wolfgang Schüssel (born June 7, 1945) is a Christian Democratic Austrian politician. ...Wolfgang Schüssel's The Austrian Peoples Party or Österreichische Volkspartei is an Austrian political party. ...ÖVP. The Freedom Party had to take a junior part in the coalition, as otherwise the ÖVP would have continued their coalition with the SPÖ. There was a great degree of outrage both within the country and internationally. The heads of government of the other 14 The European Union or EU is an intergovernmental organisation of European countries, which currently has 25 member states. ...EU members decided to cease cooperation with the Austrian government, as it was felt in many countries that the cordon sanitaire against coalitions with parties considered as right_wing extremists, which had mostly held in Western Europe since 1945, had been breached. For example, for several months, other national leaders refused to shake hands and socialize with members of the Wolfgang Schüssel Wolfgang Schüssel (born June 7, 1945) is a Christian Democratic Austrian politician. ...Schüssel government. This was described as "sanctions" by representatives of the ÖVP and FPÖ, and supporters of the government often blamed social democrats and President Thomas Klestil (4 November 1932 – 6 July 2004) was an Austrian diplomat and politician. ...Thomas Klestil for them, and questioned their loyalty to the country. The EU leaders soon saw that their measures were counterproductive, and returned to normality during the summer of 2000, even though the coalition remained unchanged.


In February 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...2000, Haider stepped down from the leadership of the Freedom Party. This was widely seen as a cynical move to appease foreign criticism, as he was alleged to control the party from behind the scenes. He retained the governership of Carinthia.


Even though the FPÖ members of the government and the party leadership at that time consisted largely of politicians such as Susanne Riess_Passer and Portrait of Karl_Heinz Grasser Karl_Heinz Grasser is an Austrian politician who currently holds the office of the Austrian Minister of Finance. ...Karl_Heinz Grasser, whose career had so far depended entirely on Haider's populism, Haider himself appeared to be increasingly discontent with the situation, as his party began to lose in regional and local elections, since it was no longer in the position to gain votes by criticizing the government. This caused a dispute within the party, which escalated at a special party convention at Knittelfeld that caused three leading members of the government to resign.


In the November 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...2002, general elections in Austria resulted in a landslide victory (42.27% of the vote) for the People's Party. The Freedom Party, which had been stronger than the People's Party in 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...1999 , was reduced to 10.16% of the vote, less than half its previous share. Nevertheless, the coalition government of the People's Party and Freedom Party (now with 79+18=97 seats in Austria's 183_seat parliament, down from 52+52=104 in 1999) was renewed in February 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of Freshwater The European Disability Year Events January January 1 _ Luíz Inácio Lula Da Silva becomes the 37th President of Brazil. ...2003.


In September 2003, regional elections, notably in Upper Austria (Ober sterreich) is one of the nine federal states or Bundesl nder of Austria. ...Upper Austria, also brought heavy losses, with the The Greens_Green Alternative (Die Grünen _ Die Grüne Alternative (Grüne) in German) is a political party in the Austrian parliament. ...Austrian Green Party for the first time receiving more votes than the Freedom Party. The Elections to the European Parliament were held from June 10, 2004 to June 13, 2004 in the 25 member states of the European Union, using varying election days according to local custom. ...elections to the European Parliament in June 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...2004 reduced the Freedom Party's share of the vote to a mere 6%. Similar results were achieved at several state and local elctions.


Thus, the FPÖ seems to have largely lost its appeal to voters, except in Carinthia, where it gained 42.5% in the state elections of March 7 is the 66th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (67th in Leap years). ...March 7, 2004. However, that success seems to be resting entirely on Haider's personal charisma, which appears to be rapidly losing its effectiveness in the rest of the country.


Secession of Jörg Haider and the BZÖ

During the last couple of months, the FPÖs has been increasingly ridden by internal strife between populist and nationalist factions. Its bargaining position within the coalition government has already been considered to be low by many political observers for some time, which has allowed chancellor Wolfgang Schüssel Wolfgang Schüssel (born June 7, 1945) is a Christian Democratic Austrian politician. ...Wolfgang Schüssel to pursue largely policies favored by his own party.


On April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (95th in leap years). ...April 4, 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...2005, several prominent party members (among them former chairman Jörg Haider, his sister and current chairwoman Ursula Haubner, vice chancellor Gorbach (left) and Chancellor Schüssel Hubert Gorbach (born July 27, 1956) is an Austrian politician from the Freedom Party. ...Hubert Gorbach, as well as most of the 18 representatives in parliament) left the party and founded a new party called " The Alliance for the Future of Austria ( German Bündnis Zukunft Österreich — BZÖ) is a political party founded by Jörg Haider and other leading proponents of the Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ) on April 4, 2005. ...Alliance for the future of Austria" (Bündnis Zukunft Österreich" — BZÖ). Regional party organizations seem to be split between the two factions. The future of the party after the split, which may well result in new elections in Austria, seems very uncertain at present.


On April 23 is the 113th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (114th in leap years). ...April 23, 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...2005, Heinz-Christian Strache was elected as new chairman of the party, following Hilmar Kabas, who had taken this position temporarily after Ursula Haubner's resignation.


Timeline

The bar on the left shows the FPÖ's party chairman, while the bar on the right side shows the The Federal Chancellor of Austria (Bundeskanzler) is the Austria. ...Chancellor of Austria at that time, with the color of his party affiliation.



External links

  • FPÖ Homepage (German) (http://www.fpoe.at/bundneu/index.html)
  • Freedom Party of Austria (http://www.photoglobe.info/ebooks/austria/cstudies_austria_0139.html) Country Studies - Austria

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