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Federal Bureau of Investigation

Fidelity, Bravery, Integrity
Director: Robert Mueller
Department: Justice
Divisions:
Major units:
Lists:
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Key people:
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The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a federal criminal investigative, intelligence agency, and the primary investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). At present, the FBI has investigative jurisdiction over violations of more than 200 categories of federal crimes, making the FBI the de-facto lead law enforcement agency of the United States government.[1] The motto of the bureau is "Fidelity, Bravery, Integrity." In fiscal year 2006, the FBI total budget was approximately $5.7 billion, including $495 million in program increases to enhance counterterrorism, counterintelligence, cyber crime, information technology, security, forensics, training, and criminal programs. Image File history File links Federal Bureau of Investigation seal. ... Robert Swan Mueller III (born August 7, 1944) is the current Director of the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation. ... DOJ headquarters in Washington, D.C. Justice Department redirects here. ... The FBI Academy is located in Quantico, Virginia. ... The FBI Laboratory is a division within the FBI. The lab is located in the J. Edgar Hoover Building. ... The Criminal Justice Information Services Division (CJIS) is a divions of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. ... The Behavioral Analysis Unit or BAU, is a division of the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation. ... The Critical Incident Response Group (or CIRG) is the part of the Federal Bureau of Investigation which facilitates the FBIs rapid response to, and the management of, crisis incidents. ... The FBI Counterterrorism Division is the division of the FBI that deals with terrorist threats inside the United States. ... The FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin is published monthly by the FBI, with articles of interest to state and local law enforcement personnel. ... The Hostage Rescue Team (HRT) is the United States Federal Bureau of Investigations Counter-Terrorism tactical unit. ... The Joint Terrorism Task Force is a section of the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation charged with taking action against terrorism. ... The National Security Service is to be an office within the Federal Bureau of Investigation that will consolidate the bureaus counterterrorism, counterintelligence, and intelligence duties. ... Directors of the Federal Bureau of Investigation are appointed by the President of the United States. ... The United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) operates 56 field offices in major cities across the U.S. Many of these offices are further subdivided into smaller resident agencies which have jurisdiction over a specific area. ... COINTELPRO (Counter Intelligence Program) was a program of the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation aimed at investigating and disrupting dissident political organizations within the United States. ... National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) is an incident-based reporting system used by law enforcement agencies for collecting and reporting data on crimes. ... The Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) contain official data on crime that is reported to law enforcement agencies across the United States, who then provide the data to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). ... The FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list arose from a conversation held in late 1949, during a game of Hearts between J. Edgar Hoover, Director of the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation, and William Kinsey Hutchinson,[1] International News Service (the predecessor of the United Press International) Editor-in... Banner used by the FBI since inception on October 10, 2001 as the main title for the web site pages of both the group of wanted terrorists, and also on the wanted poster of each terrorist fugitive. ... Mark Felt, special agent in charge of the Salt Lake City field office, poses for the Deseret News on January 20, 1958. ... Joseph Leo Gormley was the chief of chemistry and toxicology for the FBI. Born in Clinton, Massachusetts, he was raised in Somerville, Massachusetts. ... The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) has been a staple of American popular culture since its christening in 1935. ... Federal police agencies are responsible for the enforcement of federal laws in countries with a federal constitution. ... DOJ headquarters in Washington, D.C. Justice Department redirects here. ... In the United States, a federal crime or federal offence is a crime that is either made illegal by U.S. federal legislation or a crime that occurs on U.S. federal property. ... A motto (from Italian) is a phrase or a short list of words meant formally to describe the general motivation or intention of an entity, social group, or organization. ...


Starting in 1908 as the Bureau of Investigation (BOI), the FBI did not receive its current name until 1935 during the leadership of J. Edgar Hoover, the sixth BOI Director. He was the longest-serving director to date, and significantly responsible for developing the scope of the agency. He also is responsible for many of the advancements and changes that made way for it to become one of the top investigative agencies in the world. The J. Edgar Hoover building, the FBI Academy, and the Criminal Justice Information Services Complex serve as the main support offices for each of the field offices that are located throughout the country. Hoover in 1961 John Edgar Hoover (January 1, 1895 – May 2, 1972) was an influential but controversial director of the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). ... The J. Edgar Hoover Building is the headquarters for the FBI. It is named after the agencys long-time director, John Edgar Hoover. ... The FBI Academy is located in Quantico, Virginia. ... The Criminal Justice Information Services Division (CJIS) is a divions of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. ... The United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) operates 56 field offices in major cities across the U.S. Many of these offices are further subdivided into smaller resident agencies which have jurisdiction over a specific area. ...

Contents

Mandate

The mission of the FBI is to protect and defend the United States against terrorist and foreign threats, to uphold and enforce the criminal laws of the United States, and to provide leadership and criminal justice services to federal, state, municipal, and international agencies and partners.[1] Title 28 of the United States Code (U.S. Code), Section 533, authorizes the Attorney General to "appoint officials to detect ... crimes against the United States."[2] Other federal statutes give the FBI the authority and responsibility to investigate specific crimes. Title 28 is the portion of the United States Code (federal statutory law) that governs the Federal Judicial System. ... Seal of the United States Department of Justice The United States Attorney General is the head of the United States Department of Justice (see 28 U.S.C. Â§ 503) concerned with legal affairs and is the chief law enforcement officer of the United States government. ...


Information obtained through an FBI investigation is presented to the appropriate US Attorney or Department of Justice (DOJ) official, who decides if prosecution or other action is warranted.


Currently, the FBI top investigative priorities have been assigned to these areas:[3]

  1. Protect the United States from terrorist attack (see Terrorism);
  2. Protect the United States against foreign intelligence operations and espionage (see Counter-espionage);
  3. Protect the United States against cyber-based attacks and high-technology crimes (see Cyber-warfare);
  4. Combat public corruption at all levels;
  5. Protect civil rights;
  6. Combat transnational/national criminal organizations and enterprises (see Organized crime);
  7. Combat major white-collar crime;
  8. Combat significant violent crime;
  9. Support federal, state, local and international partners; and
  10. Upgrade technology for successful performance of the FBI's mission.
J. Edgar Hoover Building, FBI Headquarters
J. Edgar Hoover Building, FBI Headquarters

As of June 2006, the FBI's top priority is counter-terrorism. The second priority is counter-intelligence. The USA PATRIOT Act increased the powers allotted to the FBI, especially in wiretapping and monitoring of Internet activity. One of the most controversial provisions of the act is the so-called sneak and peek provision, granting the FBI powers to search a house while the residents are away, and not requiring them to notify the residents for several weeks afterwards. Under the PATRIOT Act's provisions the FBI also resumed inquiring into the library records[4] of those who are suspected of terrorism (something it had supposedly not done since the 1970s). The third and fourth priorities are cyber crimes and public corruption. The cyber crimes category includes distribution of computer viruses and other malicious code. It also includes online distribution of child pornography among other crimes. Terrorist redirects here. ... Counter-intelligence ... Cyber-warfare is the use of computers and the internet in conducting warfare in cyberspace. ... Civil rights or positive rights are those legal rights retained by citizens and protected by the government. ... Organized crime or criminal organizations are groups or operations run by criminals, most commonly for the purpose of generating a monetary profit. ... Within the field of criminology, white-collar crime has been defined by Edwin Sutherland ...as a crime committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of his occupation. ... A violent crime or crime of violence is a crime in which the offender uses or threatens violent force upon the victim. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 739 KB) Summary J Edgar Hoover Building, FBI headquarters in Washington, D.C. Photo taken by Kmf164 on October 15, 2005. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 739 KB) Summary J Edgar Hoover Building, FBI headquarters in Washington, D.C. Photo taken by Kmf164 on October 15, 2005. ... The J. Edgar Hoover Building is the headquarters for the FBI. It is named after the agencys long-time director, John Edgar Hoover. ... Counter-terrorism refers to the practices, tactics, and strategies that governments, militaries, and other groups adopt in order to fight terrorism. ... The Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001 (Public Law 107-56), known as the USA PATRIOT Act or simply the Patriot Act, is an American act which President Bush signed into law on October 26, 2001. ... It has been suggested that Telephone recording,Voice logging be merged into this article or section. ... A modern-style library in Chambéry A library is a collection of information resources and services, organized for use, and maintained by a public body, institution, or private individual. ... Terrorist redirects here. ...


The FBI continues its historic mission of fighting organized crime. The FBI targets the organization behind the crime rather than individual criminals committing individual crimes. The FBI's chief tool against organized crime is the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations (RICO) Act. The FBI is also charged with the responsibility of enforcing compliance of the United States Civil Rights Act of 1964 and investigating violations of the act in addition to prosecuting such violations with the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). The FBI also shares concurrent jurisdiction with the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) in the enforcement of the Controlled Substances Act of 1970. The Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (commonly referred to as RICO) is a United States federal law which provides for extended penalties for criminal acts performed as part of an ongoing criminal organization. ... President Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964. ... DOJ headquarters in Washington, D.C. Justice Department redirects here. ... Since 1973, the DEA has enforced the drug laws in the United States. ... The Controlled Substances Act (CSA) was enacted into law by the Congress of the United States as Title II of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970. ...


History

The FBI grew out of a force of Special Agents created on July 26, 1908 by Attorney General Charles Joseph Bonaparte during the presidency of Theodore Roosevelt. At first, it was named the Bureau of Investigation (BOI) and in 1932 was renamed the United States Bureau of Investigation. The following year it was linked to the Bureau of Prohibition and rechristened the Division of Investigation (DOI) before finally becoming the FBI in 1935. The director of the old BOI, J. Edgar Hoover, became the first FBI director and served for 48 years. After Hoover's death, legislation was passed limiting the tenure of future FBI directors to a maximum of ten years. The Scientific Crime Detection Laboratory, or the FBI Laboratory, officially opened in 1932, largely as a result of Hoover's efforts. He also had a major say in most of the cases and projects the FBI handled all the way up to his death. During the so-called "war on crime" of the 1930s, FBI agents apprehended or killed a number of notorious criminals who carried out a number of kidnappings, robberies, and murders throughout the nation, including John Dillinger, "Baby Face" Nelson, Kate "Ma" Barker, Alvin Karpis, and George "Machine Gun" Kelly. While this campaign, as well as the campaign to build-up the FBI, was carried out in response to a national crime wave, most historians now believe that if there was a crime wave at all, it was grossly exaggerated during the depression. The Bureau also played a decisive role in reducing the scope and influence of the Ku Klux Klan. Through the work of Edwin Atherton, the FBI claimed success in apprehending an entire army of Mexican neo-revolutionaries along the California border in the 1920s. Charles Joseph Bonaparte (June 9, 1851–June 28, 1921) was a grandson of Jérôme Bonaparte (the youngest brother of the French emperor Napoleon I), and a member of the United States Cabinet. ... Theodore (Teddy) Roosevelt, Jr. ... The Bureau of Prohibition (or Prohibition Unit) was the federal law enforcement agency formed to enforce the National Prohibition Act of 1919, commonly known as the Volstead Act, which backed up the 18th Amendment to the United States Constitution regarding the prohibition of the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcoholic... Hoover in 1961 John Edgar Hoover (January 1, 1895 – May 2, 1972) was an influential but controversial director of the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). ... The FBI Laboratory is a division within the FBI. The lab is located in the J. Edgar Hoover Building. ... John Dillinger John Herbert Dillinger (June 22, 1903 – July 22, 1934) was an American bank robber, considered by some to be a dangerous criminal, while others idealized him as a latter-day Robin Hood. ... Lester Joseph Gillis (December 6, 1908 – November 27, 1934), also known as George Nelson but better known as Baby Face Nelson due to his youthful appearance, was a diminutive (5 4 tall) bank robber in the 1930s. ... Kate Ma Barker (birth name Arizona Clark) ( c. ... Alvin Karpis Alvin Karpis (August 10, 1907-August 26, 1979, born Alvin Karpowicz), nickname Creepy , was a noted criminal in the United States known for his alliance with the Barker gang in the 1930s. ... 1933 Memphis Police Department booking photo of Kelly George R. Kelley aka George Machine Gun Kelley Barnes (July 18, 1895 - July 18, 1954) was a notorious American gangster during the prohibition era. ... Members of the second Ku Klux Klan at a rally during the 1920s. ... Edwin Newton Atherton (10/12/1896 - 8/31/1944 ) Born in Washington D.C. Foreign Service Officer, FBI Agent, Private Investigator and head of the college athletics organization, the Pacific Coast Conference in the 1940s. ... The 1920s is a decade sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or the Roaring Twenties, usually applied to America. ...

Lester J. Gillis, also known as "Baby Face" Nelson.
Lester J. Gillis, also known as "Baby Face" Nelson.

Beginning in the 1940s and continuing into the 1970s, the Bureau investigated cases of espionage against the United States and its allies. Eight Nazi agents who had planned sabotage operations against American targets were arrested, six of whom were executed (Ex parte Quirin). Also during this time, a joint US/UK code breaking effort (Venona) - with which the FBI was heavily involved - broke Soviet diplomatic and intelligence communications codes, allowing the US and British governments to read Soviet communications. This effort confirmed the existence of Americans working in the United States for Soviet intelligence.[5] Hoover was administering this project but failed to notify the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) until 1952. Another notable case is the arrest of Soviet spy Rudolf Abel in 1957.[6] The discovery of Soviet spies operating in the US allowed Hoover to pursue his longstanding obsession with the threat he perceived from the American left, ranging from Communist Party of the United States of America (CPUSA) union organizers to American liberals with no revolutionary aspirations whatsoever. Image File history File links Lester M. Gillis, a. ... Image File history File links Lester M. Gillis, a. ... National Socialism redirects here. ... German supply train blown up by the Armia Krajowa during World War II Sabotage is a deliberate action aimed at weakening an enemy, oppressor or employer through subversion, obstruction, disruption, and/or destruction. ... Holding The Court upheld the jurisdiction of a United States military tribunal over the trial of several German saboteurs in the United States. ... The VENONA project was a long-running and highly secret collaboration between the United States intelligence agencies and the United Kingdoms MI5 that involved the cryptanalysis of Soviet messages. ... The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA, colloquially known as The Company or simply, The Agency) is an intelligence agency of the United States Government. ... Col. ... The Communist Party of the United States of America (CPUSA) is one of several Marxist-Leninist groups in the United States. ...


During the 1950s and 1960s, FBI officials became increasingly concerned about the influence of civil rights leaders. In 1956, for example, Hoover took the rare step of sending an open letter denouncing Dr. T.R.M. Howard, a civil rights leader, surgeon, and wealthy entrepreneur in Mississippi who had criticized FBI inaction in solving recent murders of George W. Lee, Emmett Till, and other blacks in the South. The FBI carried out controversial domestic surveillance in an operation called COINTELPRO.[7] It aimed at investigating and disrupting dissident political organizations within the United States, including both militant and non-violent organizations, including the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, a leading civil rights organization.[8] Theodore Roosevelt Mason Howard (T.R.M. Howard) (March 4, 1908 —- May 1, 1976) was an African American civil rights leader, fraternal organization leader, surgeon, and entrepreneur. ... George W. Lee (1904 —- May 7, 1955) was an African American civil rights leader, minister, and entrepreneur. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Espionage (spying) is a practice of obtaining information about an organization or a society that is considered secret or confidential without the permission of the holder of the information. ... COINTELPRO (Counter Intelligence Program) was a program of the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation aimed at investigating and disrupting dissident political organizations within the United States. ... The Southern Christian Leadership Conference Logo. ...


Martin Luther King, Jr. was a frequent target of investigation. The FBI found no evidence of any crime, but attempted to use tapes of King involved in sexual activity for blackmail. Washington Post journalist Carl Rowan 1991 memoirs, asserted that the FBI had sent at least one anonymous letter to King encouraging him to commit suicide.[9] Martin Luther King, Jr. ... ... Carl Thomas Rowan (August 11, 1925 - September 23, 2000) was a nationally-syndicated African American op-ed columnist for the Washington Post and the Chicago Sun-Times. ...


When President John F. Kennedy was shot and killed, the jurisdiction fell to the local police departments until President Lyndon B. Johnson directed the FBI to take over the investigation.[10] To ensure that there would never be any more confusion over who would handle homicides at the federal level, Congress passed a law that put investigations of deaths of federal officials within FBI jurisdiction. John Fitzgerald Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), also referred to as John F. Kennedy, JFK, John Kennedy or Jack Kennedy, was the 35th President of the United States. ... “LBJ” redirects here. ...


After the RICO Act took effect, the FBI began investigating the former Prohibition organized groups, which by now become fronts for crime in major cities and even small towns. All of the FBI work was done undercover and from within these organizations using the provisions provided in the RICO Act and these groups were dismantled. Although Hoover initially denied the existence of a close-knit organized crime network in the United States, the Bureau later conducted operations against known organized crime syndicates and families, including those headed by Sam Giancana and John Gotti. The RICO Act is still used today for all organized crime and any individuals that might fall under the Act. Organized crime or criminal organizations are groups or operations run by criminals, most commonly for the purpose of generating a monetary profit. ... Sam Momo Giancana (June 15, 1908 — June 19, 1975) was a famous and powerful mafioso and boss of the Chicago Outfit from 1957-66. ... John Joseph Gotti, Jr. ...

J. Edgar Hoover, FBI Director (1924-1972)
J. Edgar Hoover, FBI Director (1924-1972)

In 1984, the FBI formed an elite SWAT[11] team to help with problems that might arise at the 1984 Summer Olympics, particularly terrorism and major-crime. The formation of the team arose from the 1972 Summer Olympics at Munich, Germany when terrorists murdered Israeli Athletes. The team was named Hostage Rescue Team (HRT) and acts as the FBI lead for SWAT related procedures and all Counter-Terrorism cases. Also formed in 1984 was the Computer Analysis and Response Team (CART).[12] The end of the 1980s and the early part of the 1990s saw the reassignment of over 300 agents from foreign counter-intelligence duties to violent crime and the designation of violent crime as the sixth national priority. But with reduced cuts to other well-established departments, and because terrorism was not longer considered a threat after the end of the Cold War,[12] the FBI became a tool of local police forces for tracking fugitives who had crossed state lines, which was a felony. The FBI Laboratory also helped develop DNA testing, continuing the pioneering role in identification that began with its fingerprinting system in 1924. Download high resolution version (430x640, 46 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: J. Edgar Hoover Categories: U.S. history images ... Download high resolution version (430x640, 46 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: J. Edgar Hoover Categories: U.S. history images ... Hoover in 1961 John Edgar Hoover (January 1, 1895 – May 2, 1972) was an influential but controversial director of the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). ... Members of the 60th Security Police Squadrons Base Swat Team, Travis Air Force Base, wearing black uniforms stand with M9 pistols ready behind concealing foliage. ... Music sample: Olympic Fanfare and Theme ( file info) — composed by John Williams for the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles Problems listening to the file? See media help. ... Terrorist redirects here. ... The 1972 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XX Olympiad, were held in Munich, West Germany, from 26 August to 11 September 1972. ... Munich: Frauenkirche and Town Hall steeple Munich (German: München pronunciation) is the state capital of the German Bundesland of Bavaria. ... The Hostage Rescue Team (HRT) is the United States Federal Bureau of Investigations Counter-Terrorism tactical unit. ... Counter-terrorism refers to the practices, tactics, and strategies that governments, militaries, and other groups adopt in order to fight terrorism. ... Counter Intelligence A uk label started and owned by John Machielsen. ... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... The structure of part of a DNA double helix Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a nucleic acid that contains the genetic instructions for the development and function of living organisms. ...


Between 1993 and 1996, the FBI increased its counter-terrorism role in the wake of the first 1993 World Trade Center bombing in New York, New York and the Oklahoma City bombing in 1995, and the arrest of the UNABOMBER in 1996. Technological innovation and the skills of FBI Laboratory analysts helped ensure that all three of these cases were successfully prosecuted, but the FBI was also confronted by a public outcry in this period, which still haunts it today.[13] After Congress passed the Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act (CALEA, 1994), the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPA, 1996), and the Economic Espionage Act (EEA, 1996), the FBI followed suit and underwent a technological upgrade in 1998, just as it did with its CART team in 1991. Computer Investigations and Infrastructure Threat Assessment Center (CITAC) and the National Infrastructure Protection Center (NIPC) were created to deal with the increase in internet-related problems, such as computer viruses, worms, and other malicious programs that might unleash havoc in the US. With these developments, the FBI increased its electronic surveillance in public safety and national security investigations, adapting to how telecommunications advancements changed the nature of such problems. In the World Trade Center bombing (February 26, 1993) a car bomb was detonated by Arab Islamist terrorists in the underground parking garage below Tower One of the World Trade Center in New York City. ... Nickname: Big Apple, Gotham, NYC, City That Never Sleeps, The Concrete Jungle, The City So Nice They Named It Twice Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island Settled 1676 Government  - Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area... The Oklahoma City bombing was a terrorist attack on April 19, 1995 aimed at the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building, a U.S. government office complex in downtown Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. ... Theodore John Ted Kaczynski (born May 22, 1942), also known as the Unabomber, is an American infamous for his campaign of mail bombings. ...


Within months of the September 11, 2001 attacks, FBI Director Robert Mueller, who was only sworn in three days before the attacks, called for a re-engineering of FBI structure and operations. In turn, he made countering every federal crime a top priority, including the prevention of terrorism, countering foreign intelligence operations, addressing cyber security threats, other high-tech crimes, protecting civil rights, combating public corruption, organized crime, white-collar crime, and major acts of violent crime.[14] A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... Robert Swan Mueller III (born August 7, 1944) is the current Director of the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation. ...


Organization

The FBI is headquartered at the J. Edgar Hoover Building in Washington, D.C., with 56 field offices[15] in major cities across the United States. The FBI also maintains over 400 resident agencies across the United States, as well as over 50 legal attachés at United States embassies and consulates. Many specialized FBI functions are located at facilities in Quantico, Virginia, as well as in Clarksburg, West Virginia. The FBI is in process of moving its Records Management Division, which processes FOIA requests, to Winchester, Virginia.[16] The J. Edgar Hoover Building is the headquarters for the FBI. It is named after the agencys long-time director, John Edgar Hoover. ... Nickname: DC, The District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia Coordinates: Country United States Federal District District of Columbia Government  - Mayor Adrian M. Fenty (D)  - City Council Chairperson: Vincent C. Gray (D) Ward 1: Jim Graham (D... A diplomatic mission is a group of people from one nation state present in another nation state to represent the sending state in the receiving State. ... For the uses of Consul as Chief Magistrate of a (city) state, see Consul. ... Quantico, Virginia is in Prince William County, 23 miles north-northeast of Fredericksburg, Virginia, near Dumfries and Stafford along Highway 619. ... Clarksburg is a city located in Harrison County, West Virginia. ... Nearly sixty countries around the world have implemented some form of freedom of information legislation, which sets rules on governmental secrecy. ... Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia Coordinates: Country United States State Virginia County Independent City Founded 1802 Mayor Elizabeth Minor Area    - City 24. ...

An FBI Agent tags the cockpit voice recorder from EgyptAir Flight 990 on the deck of the USS Grapple (ARS 53) at the crash site on November 13, 1999.
An FBI Agent tags the cockpit voice recorder from EgyptAir Flight 990 on the deck of the USS Grapple (ARS 53) at the crash site on November 13, 1999.

The FBI Laboratory, established with the formation of the BOI[17], did not appear in the J. Edgar Hoover Building until its completion in 1974. The lab serves as the primary lab for most DNA, biological, and physical work. Public tours of FBI headquarters ran through the FBI laboratory workspace before the move to the J. Edgar Hoover Building. The services the lab conducts include Chemistry, Combined DNA Index System (CODIS), Computer Analysis and Response, DNA Analysis, Evidence Response, Explosives, Firearms and Tool marks, Forensic Audio, Forensic Video, Image Analysis, Forensic Science Research, Forensic Science Training, Hazardous Materials Response, Investigative and Prospective Graphics, Latent Prints, Materials Analysis, Questioned Documents, Racketeering Records, Special Photographic Analysis, Structural Design, and Trace Evidence.[18] The services of the FBI Laboratory are used by many state, local, and international agencies free of charge. The lab also maintains a second lab at the FBI Academy. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2100x1500, 586 KB) Summary U.S. Navy Lt. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2100x1500, 586 KB) Summary U.S. Navy Lt. ... In aircraft, the flight data recorder (FDR) and the cockpit voice recorder (CVR) are used to record aircraft and pilot behavior in order to analyze accidents, and are usually called black boxes by the news media. ... Flight 990 was a Los Angeles-New York-Cairo flight operated by EgyptAir. ... Two ships in the United States Navy have been named USS Grapple. ... November 13 is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 48 days remaining. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... The FBI Laboratory is a division within the FBI. The lab is located in the J. Edgar Hoover Building. ...


The FBI Academy, located in Quantico, Virginia, is home to the communications and computer laboratory the FBI utilizes. It is also where new agents are sent for training to become FBI Special Agents. Going through the twenty-one week course is required for every Special Agent.[19] It was first opened for use in 1972 on 385 acres (1.6 km²) of woodland. The Academy also serves as a classroom for state and local law enforcement agencies who are invited onto the premiere law enforcement training center. The FBI units that reside at Quantico are the Field and Police Training Unit, Firearms Training Unit, Forensic Science Research and Training Center, Technology Services Unit (TSU), Investigative Training Unit, Law Enforcement Communication Unit, Leadership and Management Science Unit's (LSMU), Physical Training Unit, New Agents' Training Unit (NATU), Practical Applications Unit (PAU), the Investigative Computer Training Unit and the "College of Analytical Studies." The FBI Academy is located in Quantico, Virginia. ... Quantico, Virginia is in Prince William County, 23 miles north-northeast of Fredericksburg, Virginia, near Dumfries and Stafford along Highway 619. ...


The Criminal Justice Information Services (CJIS) Division[20], located in Clarksburg, West Virginia. It is the youngest division of the FBI only being formed in 1991 and opening in 1995. The complex itself is the length of three football fields. Its purpose is to provide a main repository for information. Under the roof of the CJIS are the programs for the National Crime Information Center (NCIC), Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR), Fingerprint Identification, Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System (IAFIS), NCIC 2000, and the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS). Many state and local agencies use these systems as a source for their own investigations and contribute to the database using secure communications. FBI provides these tools of sophisticated identification and information services to local, state, federal, and international law enforcement agencies. The Criminal Justice Information Services Division (CJIS) is a divions of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. ... Clarksburg is a city located in Harrison County, West Virginia. ...


The FBI often works in conjunction with other Federal agencies, including the United States Coast Guard and Customs and Border Patrol (CBP) in seaport security, [21] and the National Transportation Safety Board in investigating airplane crashes and other critical incidents. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) is the only other agency with the closest amount of investigative power. In the wake of the September 11, 2001 attacks, the FBI always maintains a role in most federal criminal investigations. The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is a branch of the United States armed forces involved in maritime law enforcement, mariner assistance, search and rescue, and national defense. ... U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), a bureau of the United States Department of Homeland Security, is charged with regulating and facilitating international trade, collecting import duties, and enforcing U.S. trade laws. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Port. ... The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) is a U.S. government independent organization responsible for investigation of accidents involving aviation, highway, marine, pipelines and railroads in the United States. ... An aviation accident (as per the U.S. National Transportation Safety Board definition) is an occurrence associated with the operation of an aircraft which takes place between the time any person boards the aircraft with the intention of flight and all such persons have disembarked, and in which any person... Immigration and Customs Enforcement logo Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) is the largest investigative arm of the United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and is responsible for identifying and dismantling vulnerabilities regarding the nations border, economic, transportation and infrastructure security. ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly...


BOI and FBI directors

Main article: List of FBI Directors

FBI Directors are appointed by the President of the United States. They must be confirmed by the United States Senate and serve ten-year terms. J. Edgar Hoover, appointed by Calvin Coolidge, was by far the longest serving FBI Director, serving until his death in 1972 because there was no law limiting the amount of years a director could serve. The current FBI Director is Robert Mueller, who was appointed in 2001 by George W. Bush. FBI Directors are appointed by the President of the United States. ... FBI Directors are appointed by the President of the United States. ... The presidential seal was first used by President Hayes in 1880 and last modified in 1959 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii. ... Seal of the U.S. Senate Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      Senate composition following 2006 elections The United States Senate is... Hoover in 1961 John Edgar Hoover (January 1, 1895 – May 2, 1972) was an influential but controversial director of the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). ... John Calvin Coolidge, Jr. ... Robert Swan Mueller III (born August 7, 1944) is the current Director of the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ...


The FBI director is responsible for the day-to-day operations at the FBI. Along with his deputies, the director makes sure cases and operations are handled correctly. The director also is in charge of making sure the leadership in any one of the FBI field offices are manned with qualified agents. Before the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act was passed in the wake of the September 11, 2001 attacks, the FBI director would brief the President of the United States on any issues that arise from within the FBI. Since then the director now reports to the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) who in turn tells the President. The United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) operates 56 field offices in major cities across the U.S. Many of these offices are further subdivided into smaller resident agencies which have jurisdiction over a specific area. ... The Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 is an Act of Congress. ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... The presidential seal was first used by President Hayes in 1880 and last modified in 1959 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii. ... The Director of National Intelligence (DNI) is the United States government official subject to the authority, direction and control of the President of the United States who is responsible under the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 for: Serving as the principal adviser to the President of the...


Hiring process

Agents in training on the FBI Academy firing range
Agents in training on the FBI Academy firing range

While the exact process and details are classified, the process of becoming an employee of the FBI is arduous. At a minimum, FBI employees require a Top Secret (TS) security clearance, and in many instances, employees need a higher level, TS/SCI clearance.[22] In order to get a security clearance, all potential FBI personnel must pass a series of Single Scope Background Investigations (SSBI), which are conducted by the Office of Personnel Management.[23] Special Agents candidates also have to pass a rigorous Physical Fitness Test (PFT) that includes a 300-meter run, one-minute sit-ups, maximum push-ups, and a 1.5-mile run. There is also random drug test all FBI personnel have to pass in order to become an agent. In addition to the drug test, there is a polygraph test personnel have to pass, with questions ranging from drug use and how much a person has sold in their life. Image File history File links Potential_Agents_on_the_FBI_Fireing_Range. ... Image File history File links Potential_Agents_on_the_FBI_Fireing_Range. ... The FBI Academy is located in Quantico, Virginia. ... A security clearance is a status granted to individuals, typically members of the military and employees of governments and their contractors, allowing them access to classified information, i. ... Sensitive information is knowledge that might give someone an advantage if revealed to persons not entitled to know it. ... This page is a candidate to be moved to Wikisource. ... The Office of Personnel Management (or OPM) is an Independent Agency of the United States Government that manages the civil service of the federal government. ...


After potential special agent candidates are cleared with TS clearance and the Form SF-312 non-disclosure agreement is signed, they attend the FBI training facility located on Marine Corps Base Quantico in Virginia. Candidates spend approximately 21 weeks at the FBI Academy, where they receive over 500 classroom hours and over 1000 simulated law enforcement hours to train. Upon graduation, new FBI Special Agents are placed all around the country and the world, depending on their areas of expertise. Professional support staff works out of one of the many support buildings the FBI maintains. However, any Agent or Support staff member can be transferred to any location for any length of time if their skills are deemed necessary at one of the FBI field offices or one of the 400 resident agencies the FBI maintains. Standard Form 312 (SF 312) is a non-disclosure agreement required under Executive Order 13292 to be signed by employees of the Federal Government or one of its contractors when they are granted a security clearance for access to classified information. ... The Marine Corps Base Quantico, near Fredericksburg, Virginia, is one of the largest United States Marine Corps bases in the world. ... Quantico, Virginia is in Prince William County, 23 miles north-northeast of Fredericksburg, Virginia, near Dumfries and Stafford along Highway 619. ... The FBI Academy is located in Quantico, Virginia. ... The United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) operates 56 field offices in major cities across the U.S. Many of these offices are further subdivided into smaller resident agencies which have jurisdiction over a specific area. ...


As of October 31, 2006, the FBI had a total of 30,762 employees. That includes 12,659 special agents and 18,009 support staff, such as intelligence analysts, language specialists, scientists, information technology specialists, and other professionals.


Publications

The FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin is published monthly by the FBI Law Enforcement Communication Unit[24], with articles of interest to state and local law enforcement personnel. First published in 1932 as Fugitives Wanted by Police,[25] the FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin covers topics including law enforcement technology and issues, such as crime mapping and use of force, as well as recent criminal justice research, and VICAP alerts, on wanted suspects and key cases. The FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin is published monthly by the FBI, with articles of interest to state and local law enforcement personnel. ... For the band, see The Police. ... Crime mapping is a key component of crime analysis and the CompStat policing strategy. ... A use of force doctrine is employed by police forces, as well as soldiers on guard duty, to regulate the actions of police and guards. ... Criminal justice system flowchart Criminal justice refers to the system used by government to maintain social control, prevent crime, enforce laws, and administer justice. ... Vi-CAP (Violent Criminal Apprehension Program) is a nationwide computerized system implemented in 1985 by the FBI out of Quantico, Virginia. ...


The FBI also publishes some reports for both law enforcement personnel as well as regular citizens covering topics including law enforcement, terrorism, cybercrime, white-collar crime, violent crime, and statistics. [26] However, the vast majority of Federal government publications covering these topics are published by the Office of Justice Programs agencies of the United States Department of Justice, and disseminated through the National Criminal Justice Reference Service. For the band, see The Police. ... Terrorist redirects here. ... Cybercrime is a term used broadly to describe criminal activity in which computers or networks are a tool, a target, or a place of criminal activity. ... Within the field of criminology, white-collar crime has been defined by Edwin Sutherland ...as a crime committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of his occupation. ... A violent crime or crime of violence is a crime in which the offender uses or threatens violent force upon the victim. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      The government of the United States of America, established by the U.S. Constitution, is... The Office of Justice Programs (OJP) is the branch of the United States Department of Justice that focuses on crime prevention through research & technology development, assistance to state and local law enforcement and criminal justice agencies through grants, and assistance to crime victims. ... DOJ headquarters in Washington, D.C. Justice Department redirects here. ... The National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS) is a program that disseminates publications from the United States Department of Justices Office of Justice Programs (OJP) agencies, as well as the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP), Office on Violence Against Women, National Institute of Corrections (NIC), and Community...


Crime statistics

The badge of an FBI Special Agent
The badge of an FBI Special Agent

Image File history File links FBI_Badge. ... Image File history File links FBI_Badge. ...

Uniform Crime Reports

Main article: Uniform Crime Reports

The Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) compile data from over 17,000 law enforcement agencies across the country. They provide detailed data regarding the volume of crimes to include arrest, clearance (or closing a case), and law enforcement officer information. The UCR focuses its data collection on violent crimes, hate crimes, and property crimes.[26] Created in the 1920s, the UCR system has not proven to be as uniform as its name implies. The UCR data only reflect the most serious offense in the case of connected crimes and has a very restrictive definition of rape. Since about 93% of the data submitted to the FBI is in this format, the UCR stands out as the publication of choice as most states require law enforcement agencies to submit this data. The Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) contain official data on crime that is reported to law enforcement agencies across the United States, who then provide the data to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). ... The Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) contain official data on crime that is reported to law enforcement agencies across the United States, who then provide the data to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). ...


Preliminary Annual Uniform Crime Report for 2005 was released on June 16, 2006. The report shows violent crime offenses rose 2.5%, but the number of property crime offenses decreased 1.6% compared to 2004[27]. June 16 is the 167th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (168th in leap years), with 198 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...


National Incident Based Reporting System

The National Incident Based Reporting System (NIBRS) crime statistics system aims to address limitations inherent in UCR data. The system used by law enforcement agencies in the United States for collecting and reporting data on crimes. Local, state, and federal agencies generate NIBRS data from their records management systems. Data is collected on every incident and arrest in the Group A offense category. The Group A offenses are comprised of 46 specific crimes grouped in 22 offense categories. Specific facts about these offenses are gathered and reported in the NIBRS system. In addition to the Group A offenses, eleven Group B offenses are reported with only the arrest information. The NIBRS system is in greater detail than the summary-based UCR system. As of 2004, 5,271 law enforcement agencies submitted NIBRS data. That amount represents 20% of the United States population and 16% of the crime statistics data collected by the FBI. National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) is an incident-based reporting system used by law enforcement agencies for collecting and reporting data on crimes. ... Crime statistics provide a statistical measure of the level, or amount, of crime that is prevalent in societies. ...


Media portrayal

Any author, television scriptwriter, or producer may consult with the FBI about closed cases or their operations, services, or history. However, there is no requirement that they do so, unlike the CIA's Office of Public Affairs, which does this so everything is "accurate." The FBI does not edit, approve their work, or do any special consulting. Some authors, television programs, or motion picture producers offer reasonably accurate presentations of the FBI's responsibilities, investigations, and procedures in their story lines, while others present their own interpretations or introduce fictional events, persons, or places for dramatic effect. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) has been a staple of American popular culture since its christening in 1935. ... The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA, colloquially known as The Company or simply, The Agency) is an intelligence agency of the United States Government. ...


Criticism

The FBI has endured public criticism and internal conflict in the past decade. As the FBI attempts to modernize technologically to take on a greater counter-terrorism role, there have been times where the FBI is scrutinized. The FBI is also regularly criticized by local, state, and other federal agencies for lack of cooperation, heavy-handedness in assuming jurisdiction over cases, and a tendancy to attempt to skew media coverage in their direction. In their defense, it has been noted that there has been a concerted effort by FBI management to address these problems, and that positive changes have been noticed. Counter-terrorism refers to the practices, tactics, and strategies that governments, militaries, and other groups adopt in order to fight terrorism. ...


Most of the recent controversies in the FBI have been involved with "terrorist" organizations or "operational" mishaps. In the early and late 1990s, its role in the Ruby Ridge and Waco incidents caused an uproar in how tactics where handled. During the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia, the FBI was also criticized for its investigation on the Centennial Olympic Park bombing. It has recently settled a dispute with Richard Jewell along with the media organizations[28], who was a private security guard at the venue, from leaking his name during the investigation. In the 1990s, it turned out that the fingerprint unit of the FBI's crime lab had repeatedly done shoddy work. In some cases, the technicians, given evidence that actually cleared a suspect, reported instead that it proved the suspect guilty. Many cases had to be reopened when this pattern of errors was discovered. Ruby Ridge was the name given by the mainstream media to the home of Randy Weavers family, a nameless hillside between Caribou Ridge and Ruby Creek in the northern Idaho Panhandle, just outside of the small town of Naples. ... The Mount Carmel compound in flames during the final assault On February 28, 1993, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) raided the Branch Davidian ranch at Mount Carmel, a property located nine miles east-northeast of Waco, Texas. ... The 1996 Summer Olympics, formally known as the Games of the XXVI Olympiad and informally known as the Centennial Olympics, were held in 1996 in Atlanta, Georgia, United States. ... Nickname: Hotlanta, The Big Peach, The ATL, A-Town Location in Fulton County in the state of Georgia Coordinates: Country United States State Georgia Counties Fulton, Dekalb  - Mayor Shirley Franklin (D) Area    - City  132. ... The Centennial Olympic Park bombing was a terrorist bombing on July 27, 1996 in Atlanta, Georgia during the 1996 Summer Olympics, the first of four committed by Eric Robert Rudolph. ... Richard Jewell Richard Jewell (born November 17, 1962) was a central figure in the Centennial Olympic Park bombing at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia. ...


In 2000, the FBI began the Trilogy project to upgrade its outdated IT infrastructure. This project, originally scheduled to take three years and cost around $380 million, ended up going far over budget and behind schedule.[29] Efforts to deploy modern computers and networking equipment were generally successful, but attempts to develop new investigation software, outsourced to SAIC, were a disaster. Virtual Case File, or VCF, as the software was known, was plagued by poorly defined goals, and repeated changes in management.[30] In January 2005, more than two years after the software was originally planned for completion, the FBI officially abandoned the project. At least $100 million (and much more by some estimates) was spent on the project, which was never operational. The FBI has been forced to continue using its decade-old Automated Case Support system, which is considered woefully inadequate by IT experts. In March 2005, the FBI announced it is beginning a new, more ambitious software project code-named Sentinel expected for completion by 2009.[31] Information technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA)is: the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ... Science Applications International Corporation Science Applications International Corporation (usually known as SAIC) is the largest employee-owned research and engineering firm in the United States. ... Virtual Case File, or VCF, was a software application developed by the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation between 2000 and 2005. ... Information technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA)is: the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ...


In February 2001, Robert Hanssen was caught selling information to the Russians. It was later learned that Hanssen, who had reached a high position within the FBI, had been selling intelligence since as early as 1979. He pleaded guilty to treason and received a life sentence in 2002, but the incident led many to question the security practices employed by the FBI. There was also a claim that Robert Hanssen might have contributed information that led to the September 11, 2001 attacks.[32] Robert Philip Hanssen (born April 18, 1944) is an American former FBI agent who engaged in spying for the Soviet Union and Russia against the United States for a period of at least 15 years. ... Traitor redirects here. ... Life imprisonment is a term used for a particular kind of sentence of imprisonment. ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly...


The 9/11 Commission's final report on July 22, 2004 stated that the FBI and CIA were both partially to blame for not pursuing intelligence reports which could have prevented the September 11, 2001 attacks. In its most condemning assessment, the report concluded that the country had "not been well served" by either agency and listed numerous recommendations for changes within the FBI.[33] While the FBI has acceded to most of the recommendations, including oversight by the new Director of National Intelligence, some former members of the 9/11 Commission publicly criticized the FBI in October 2005, claiming it was resisting any meaningful changes.[34] The Commissions seal The National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, also known as the 9/11 Commission, was set up in late 2002 to prepare a full and complete account of the circumstances surrounding the September 11, 2001 attacks, including preparedness for and the immediate response... July 22 is the 203rd day (204th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 162 days remaining. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA, colloquially known as The Company or simply, The Agency) is an intelligence agency of the United States Government. ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... The post of National Intelligence Director was created in the wake of the September 11th attacks to be in charge of 12-plus intelligence agencies. ...


See also

A State Bureau of Investigation (SBI) is a state-level detective agency in the United States of America, which is the states equivalent to the Federal Bureau of Investigation. ... Royal Canadian Mounted Police heraldic badge. ... The CSIS crest The Canadian Security Intelligence Service (CSIS) is a civilian intelligence agency of Canadas federal government that collects, monitors and analyzes information that may affect national security. ... The SOCA logo;.[1] The Serious Organised Crime Agency (SOCA) is a policing agency of the United Kingdom that acts against organised crime, including the illegal drugs trade, money laundering, and people smuggling. ... Federal Agency of Investigation is Mexicos equivalent to the FBI. It was create to deal with drug and corruption problems in Mexico and beyond the capabilities of local police forces. ... The Australian Federal Police (AFP) is the federal or Commonwealth police force of Australia. ... The Policía Federal Argentina (PFA; in English Argentine Federal Police) is a nationwide police force, it is the federal police agency of Argentina, with detachments in each of the countrys provinces, with a jurisdiction and organization similar to the United States FBI. Because of this, most routine police... Moses Powell (January 13, 1941 - January 22, 2005) was a martial arts expert in jujutsu and founder of Sanuces Ryu. ... 4. ...

Further reading

  • Powers, Richard Gid (1983). G-Men, Hoover's FBI in American Popular Culture. Southern Illinois University Press. ISBN 0-8093-1096-1. 
  • Sullivan, William (1979). The Bureau: My Thirty Years in Hoover's FBI. Norton. ISBN 0-393-01236-0. 
  • Theoharis, Athan G.; John Stuart Cox (1988). The Boss: J.Edgar Hoover and the Great American Inquisition. Temple Univ. Press. ISBN 0-87722-532-X. 
  • Theoharis, Athan G.; Tony G. Poveda, Susan Rosenfeld, Richard Gid Powers (2000). The FBI: A Comprehensive Reference Guide. Checkmark Books. ISBN 0-8160-4228-4. 
  • Theoharis, Athan G. (2004). The FBI and American Democracy: A Brief Critical History. Kansas: University Press. ISBN 0-7006-1345-5. 
  • Tonry, Michael (ed) (2000). The Handbook of Crime & Punishment. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-514060-5. 
  • Trahair, Richard C.S. (2004). Encyclopedia of Cold War Espionage, Spies, and Secret Operations. Ballentine: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-31955-3. 
  • Williams, David (1981). "The Bureau of Investigation and its Critics, 1919-1921: the Origins of Federal Political Surveillance". Journal of American History 68: 560-579. 

Athan George Theoharis (born August 3, 1936) is a professor emeritus of History at Marquette University. ... Athan George Theoharis (born August 3, 1936) is a professor emeritus of History at Marquette University. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Federal Bureau of Investigation - Quick Facts. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  2. ^ US CODE: Title 28,533. Investigative and other officials; appointment. Cornell Law School.
  3. ^ Federal Bureau of Investigation - Priorities. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  4. ^ Egelko, Bob, Maria Alicia Gaura. "Libraries post Patriot Act warnings Santa Cruz branches tell patrons that FBI may spy on them", San Francisco Chronicle, 2003-04-10. Retrieved on 2006-06-07. (in English)
  5. ^ Benson, Robert L.. The Venona Story. National Security Agency. Retrieved on 2006-06-18.
  6. ^ Romerstein, Herbert, Eric Breindel (2001). The Venona Secrets, Exposing Soviet Espionage and America's Traitors. Regnery Publishing, Inc., p. 209. ISBN 0-89526-225-8. 
  7. ^ Cassidy, Mike M. (1999-05-26). A Short History of FBI COINTELPRO (HTML). Monitor. Retrieved on 2006-06-06.
  8. ^ Jalon, Allan M. (2006-04-08). A Break-In to End All Break-Ins (HTML). Los Angeles Times. Retrieved on 2006-06-06.
  9. ^ Adams, Cecil M. (2003-05-02). Was Martin Luther King, Jr. a plagiarist? (HTML). Washington Post. Retrieved on 2006-06-06.
  10. ^ Postwar America: 1945 - 1960s. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  11. ^ Rise in International Crime. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  12. ^ a b End of the Cold War. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  13. ^ Rise of a Wired World. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  14. ^ Change of Mandate. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  15. ^ Federal Bureau of Investigation - Field Divisions. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  16. ^ Reid, Sarah A.. "One of the biggest things the FBI has ever done", The Winchester Star, July 26, 2006.
  17. ^ FBI Laboratory History. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  18. ^ FBI Laboratory Services. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  19. ^ Special Agent Career Path Program. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  20. ^ The CJIS Mission. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  21. ^ The Federal Bureau of Investigation's Efforts to Protect the Nation's Seaports (PDF). U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Inspector General (2006, March).
  22. ^ Federal Bureau of Investigation Jobs. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  23. ^ Review of the Security and Emergency Planning Staff's Management of Background Investigations. U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Inspector General (2005, September).
  24. ^ Law Enforcement Communication Unit. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  25. ^ History of the FBI, The New Deal: 1933 - Late 1930s. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  26. ^ a b Federal Bureau of Investigation - Reports & Publications. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  27. ^ Preliminary Crime Statistics for 2005. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  28. ^ Richard Jewell v. NBC, and other Richard Jewell cases (HTML). Media Libel. Retrieved on 2006-06-06.
  29. ^ Sherman, Mark. Lawmakers criticize FBI director's expensive project (HTML). Newszine. Retrieved on 2006-06-06.
  30. ^ Gerin, Roseanne (2005-01-14). SAIC rejects Trilogy criticism (HTML). Washington Technology. Retrieved on 2006-06-06.
  31. ^ Arnone, Michael (2005-06-25). Senators seek to fast track FBI's Sentinel (HTML). FCW.Com. Retrieved on 2006-06-06.
  32. ^ Seper, Jerry. Osama access to state secrets helped 9/11 (HTML). Computer Crime Research Center. Archived from the original on 2003-01-08. Retrieved on 2006-06-06.
  33. ^ Shovelan, John (2004-06-23). 9/11 Commission finds 'deep institutional failings' (HTML). ABC Au. Retrieved on 2006-06-06.
  34. ^ Ex-FBI Chief On Clinton's Scandals (HTML). CBS News (2004-10-06). Retrieved on 2006-06-06.

For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... June 7 is the 158th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (159th in leap years), with 207 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... June 18 is the 169th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (170th in leap years), with 196 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 208 days remaining // 1508 - Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, is defeated in Friulia by Venetian forces; he is forced to sign a three-year truce and cede several territories to Venice 1513... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 208 days remaining // 1508 - Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, is defeated in Friulia by Venetian forces; he is forced to sign a three-year truce and cede several territories to Venice 1513... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 208 days remaining // 1508 - Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, is defeated in Friulia by Venetian forces; he is forced to sign a three-year truce and cede several territories to Venice 1513... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 208 days remaining // 1508 - Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, is defeated in Friulia by Venetian forces; he is forced to sign a three-year truce and cede several territories to Venice 1513... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 208 days remaining // 1508 - Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, is defeated in Friulia by Venetian forces; he is forced to sign a three-year truce and cede several territories to Venice 1513... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 208 days remaining // 1508 - Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, is defeated in Friulia by Venetian forces; he is forced to sign a three-year truce and cede several territories to Venice 1513... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 208 days remaining // 1508 - Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, is defeated in Friulia by Venetian forces; he is forced to sign a three-year truce and cede several territories to Venice 1513... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 208 days remaining // 1508 - Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, is defeated in Friulia by Venetian forces; he is forced to sign a three-year truce and cede several territories to Venice 1513... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 208 days remaining // 1508 - Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, is defeated in Friulia by Venetian forces; he is forced to sign a three-year truce and cede several territories to Venice 1513... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 208 days remaining // 1508 - Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, is defeated in Friulia by Venetian forces; he is forced to sign a three-year truce and cede several territories to Venice 1513...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Federal Bureau of Investigation
  • Official FBI website
  • Original Bureau of Investigation Document Online: William Randolph Hearst

  Results from FactBites:
 
Federal Bureau of Investigation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1051 words)
One of the most controversial provisions of the act is the so-called "sneak and peek" provision, granting the FBI powers to search a house while the residents are away, and not requiring them to notify the residents for several weeks afterwards.
The FBI also shares concurrent jurisdiction with the DEA in the enforcement of the Controlled Substances Act of 1970.
The FBI originated from a force of Special Agents created on July 26, 1908, by Attorney General Charles Joseph Bonaparte during the presidency of Theodore Roosevelt.
U.S. Dept. of State FOIA Electronic Reading Room - Chile Declassification Project - FBI (283 words)
FBI Chile I - Tranche I of the Chile collection was officially released to the public on June 30, 1999 and pertains to events in Chile between 1973 - 1978.
FBI Chile II - Tranche II of the Chile Collection was officially released October 8, 1999 and pertains principally to the period 1968-1972.
FBI Chile III - Tranche III of the Chile collection was officially released to the public on November 13, 2000.
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