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Encyclopedia > Führerprinzip
Hitler strongly emphasised the "Führerprinzip"

The Führerprinzip, the German name for the leader principle, refers to a system with a hierarchy of leaders that resembled a military structure. This principle applied to civil society at large in Nazi Germany. Download high resolution version (460x620, 48 KB)Image of Adolf Hitler emerging from the Brown House (headquarters of the Nazi party during the last days of the Republic) after a post-election meeting in 1930. ... Download high resolution version (460x620, 48 KB)Image of Adolf Hitler emerging from the Brown House (headquarters of the Nazi party during the last days of the Republic) after a post-election meeting in 1930. ... Alternative meaning: Organisation (band). ... In common usage, leadership generally refers to: the position or office of an authority figure, such as a President [1] a group of influential people, such as a union leadership [2] guidance or direction, as in the phrase the emperor is not providing much leadership capacity or ability to lead... Civil society or civil institutions refers to the totality of voluntary civic and social organizations or institutions which form the basis of a functioning society as opposed to the force backed structures of a state (regardless of that states political system). ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ...

Contents

Philosophy

The philosophy of this system sees each organisation as a hierarchy of leaders, where every leader (Führer, in German) has absolute responsibility in his/her own area, and complete subordination. This idea paralleled the functionality of military organisations, which continue to use such a structure today. The notion behind the civil use of the Führerprinzip saw unquestioning obedience to superiors producing order and prosperity in which those deemed 'worthy' would share. Given the chaotic state of the Weimar Republic between 1919 and 1933, many Germans regarded this philosophy of 'cutting through red tape' as a welcome change to what they had endured earlier. In moral philosophy, the word responsibility has at least two related meanings: The obligation to answer for actions. ... The period of German history from 1919 to 1933 is known as the Weimar Republic (Pronounced Vye-Mar, and in German it is known as the Weimarer Republik). It is named after the city of Weimar, where a national assembly convened to produce a new constitution after the German monarchy... 1919 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1933 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Red tape is a derisive term for regulations that are considered excessive or bureaucratic procedures that are considered excessively time- and effort-consuming. ...


This principle became the law of the Nazi party and later transferred onto the whole German society. Appointed mayors replaced elected local governments. The Nazis suppressed associations and unions with elected leaders, putting in their place mandatory associations with appointed leaders. The authorities allowed private corporations to keep their internal organisation, but with a simple renaming from hierarchy to Führerprinzip. In practice, the selection of unsuitable candidates often led to micromanagement and commonly to an inability to formulate coherent policy. Albert Speer noted that many Nazi officials dreaded making decisions in Hitler's absence. Rules tended to become verbal rather than written; leaders with initiative who flouted regulations and carved out their own spheres of influence might receive praise and promotion rather than censure. The Nazi party used a right-facing swastika as their symbol and the red and black colors were said to represent Blut und Boden (blood and soil). ... This article is in need of attention. ... A corporation is a legal entity (distinct from a natural person) that often has similar rights in law to those of a Civil law systems may refer to corporations as moral persons; they may also go by the name AS (anonymous society) or something similar, depending on language (see below). ... A hierarchy (in Greek hieros, sacred, and arkho, rule) is a system of ranking and organizing things. ... This page deals with micromanagement in business management. ... Albert Speer Albert Speer (March 19, 1905 – September 1, 1981), sometimes called the first architect of the Third Reich, was Hitlers chief architect in Nazi Germany and became in 1942 minister of armament in Hitlers cabinet. ... Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945), a German politician who was the founder of the Third Reich (1933-1945), is widely regarded as one of the most significant and reviled leaders in world history. ...


Application

SS Obergruppenführer Reinhard Heydrich invoked the Führerprinzip at the Wannsee conference when several of the attendees voiced bureaucratic obstacles to the proposed 'final solution' (Endlösung der Judenfrage, in German). Heydrich responded by stating that as Adolf Hitler had verbally decreed that the Jews in occupied Europe had to be eliminated, his word was final. SS or ss or Ss may be: The Schutzstaffel, a Nazi paramilitary force Steamship (SS) (ship prefix) The United States Secret Service A submarine not powered by nuclear energy (SS) (United States Navy designator), see SSN A Soviet/Russian surface-to-surface missile, as listed by NATO reporting name Shortstop... SS-Obergruppenführer patch SA-Obergruppenführer insignia Obergruppenführer was a Nazi Party paramilitary rank that was first created in 1932 as a rank of the SA. Translated as Senior Group Leader, the rank of SA-Obergruppenführer was held by members of the Oberste SA-Führerung (Supreme SA Command) and also by... Reinhard Heydrich Reinhard Tristan Eugen Heydrich (sometimes incorrectly spelled as Reinhardt, March 7, 1904 - June 4, 1942) was an Obergruppenführer in the Nazi German paramilitary corps - the SS led by Heinrich Himmler. ... The Wannsee conference was the discussion by a group of Nazi officials about the Final Solution of the Jewish Question (Endlösung der Judenfrage). ... The Final Solution of the Jewish Question (German Endlösung der Judenfrage) also known to some as The Final Solution To Stregnthen The Strain, refers to the German Nazis plan to address the Jewish problem through systematic relocation and later extermination through genocide during World War II. The term was coined... World map showing location of Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is geologically and geographically a peninsula, forming the westernmost part of Eurasia. ...


During the post-war Nuremberg Trials, many defendants attempted to use the Führerprinzip as a means to evade responsibility for war crimes: "I only did what I was told". Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... The Nuremberg Trials is the general name for two sets of trials of Nazis involved in World War II and the Holocaust. ... A war crime is a punishable offense, under international law, for violations of the law of war by any person or persons, military or civilian. ...


Comparison with other doctrines

In 1999, United Kingdom's Prime Minister Tony Blair likened the Serbian régime of Slobodan Milosevic to Hitler's Germany and his Führerprinzip. [1] (http://www.unol.org/messages/5377.shtml) 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... A prime minister is the leading member of the cabinet of the top level government in a parliamentary system of government of a country, alternatively A prime minister is an official in a presidential system or semi-presidential system whose duty is to execute the directives of the President and... The Right Honourable Anthony Charles Lynton Tony Blair (born 6 May 1953) is a British MP. He is currently Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, having served as Leader of the Labour Party since John Smiths death in 1994. ... Serbia and Montenegro  – Serbia    – Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    – Vojvodina  – Montenegro Official language Serbian1 Capital Belgrade Area  – Total  – % water  88,361 km²  n/a Population  – Total (2002)     (without Kosovo)  – Density  7. ... The word regime (occasionally spelled régime, particularly in older texts) refers to any system of control, or more specifically a system of government. ... . Slobodan Milošević Slobodan Milošević  listen (Serbian Cyrillic: Слободан Милошевић, pronounced ; born 20 August 1941) is a former President of Serbia and of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia as well as leader of the Socialist Party of Serbia. ...


See also

Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945), a German politician who was the founder of the Third Reich (1933-1945), is widely regarded as one of the most significant and reviled leaders in world history. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ...

External links

  • BBC historical article (http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/war/wwtwo/hitler_commander_01.shtml)
  • Bearers of a Common Fate? (http://www.wernercohn.com/Paulus.html)
  • The Political System of the Third Reich (http://mars.acnet.wnec.edu/~grempel/courses/germany/lectures/29nazipolitics.html)

 
 

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