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Encyclopedia > Eye of Horus
The Wadjat - later called The Eye of Horus
The Wadjat - later called The Eye of Horus

The Eye of Horus (previously wadjet and the Eye of the Moon; and afterward as The Eye of Ra)[1] is an ancient Egyptian symbol of protection and royal power from deities, in this case from Horus or Ra. The symbol is seen on images of Horus' mother, Hathor, and on other deities associated with her. The pyramids are the most recognizable symbols of the civilization of ancient Egypt. ... Ihy redirects here. ... For other uses, see Ra (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Hathor (disambiguation). ...


In the Egyptian language the word for this symbol was "wadjet".[2][3] It was the eye of one of the earliest of Egyptian deities, Wadjet, who later became associated with Bast, Mut, and Hathor as well. Wadjet was a solar deity and this symbol began as her eye, an all seeing eye. In early artwork Hathor is also depicted with this eye.[1] The ancients believed this symbol of indestructibility would assist in rebirth.[citation needed] Thus, funerary amulets were often made in the shape of the Eye of Horus. Spoken in: Ancient Egypt Language extinction: evolved into Demotic by 600 BC, into Coptic by AD 200, and was extinct (not spoken as a day-to-day language) by the 17th century. ... In Egyptian mythology, Buto (papyrus colored--referring to the color of the cobra) was a snake (especially cobra) goddess and patron of the oracle in the city of the same name. ... ukyih;;;;;;;;;;uiiiih;hhh;oiuj7p ... For other uses, see Mut (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Hathor (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Horus

Horus was an ancient Egyptian sky god in the form of a falcon. The right eye represents a Peregrine Falcon's eye and the markings around it, that includes the "teardrop" marking sometimes found below the eye. As the wadjet (also udjat or utchat), it also represented the sun, and was associated with Horus' mother, Isis, and with Wadjet another goddess, as well as the sun deity Ra (Re). The mirror image, or left eye, sometimes represented the moon and the god Tehuti (Thoth).[4] Egyptian goddess Isis protecting a mummified pharaoh, a late Ptolemic relief from the Philae Temple, which was first built in the thirtieth dynasty, c. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Binomial name Tunstall, 1771 Global range Yellow: Breeding summer visitor Green: Breeding resident Blue: Winter visitor Light blue: Passage visitor Subspecies 17-19, see text Synonyms Falco atriceps Hume Falco kreyenborgi Kleinschmidt, 1929 Falco pelegrinoides madens Ripley & Watson, 1963 Rhynchodon peregrinus (Tunstall, 1771) and see text The Peregrine Falcon (Falco... Thoth (Ramesseum, Luxor) Thoth (his Greek name derived from the Egyptian *, written by Egyptians as ) was considered one of the most important deities of the Egyptian pantheon, often depicted with the head of an ibis. ...


Eye of Horus, a hieroglyph

Wadjet - Eye of Horus
in hieroglyphs

Seven different hieroglyphs are used to represent the "eye"-(human body parts). One is the common usage of the verb: to do, make, or perform. The other frequently used hieroglyph is the Wadjet, a sacred protective symbol, called the Eye of Horus after his cult rose to prominence as the son of Hathor. A section of the Papyrus of Ani showing cursive hieroglyphs. ... A section of the Papyrus of Ani showing cursive hieroglyphs. ...


In arithmetic

Hathor, mother of Horus and later wife of Ra, showing her sacred eye inherited from Wadjet - depicted in the Papyrus of Ani
Hathor, mother of Horus and later wife of Ra, showing her sacred eye inherited from Wadjet - depicted in the Papyrus of Ani

In the Ancient Egyptian measurement system, the Eye Of Horus defined an Old Kingdom rounded off number one (1) = 1/2 + 1/4 + 1/8 + 1/16 + 1/32 + 1/64, by throwing away 1/64. The Eye of Horus statements created 6-term rounded off numbers. The Old Kingdom definition had dropped a 7th term, a remainder 1/64, that was needed to report exact series. During the Middle Kingdom that included the eleventh through fourteenth dynasties, exact series definitions and applications were written by creating 7-terms, or more, written as Egyptian fraction series, often scaled to 1/320 hekat. For example, the Akhmim Wooden Tablet, dated to 2000 BC near the beginning of the Middle Kingdom, wrote quotients in the Eye of Horus 6-terms, while writing 7th term remainders as Egyptian fractions, scaled to 1/320 of a hekat. The metaphorical side of this information linked the Old Kingdom six fractions, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/16, 1/32, and 1/64 to separate parts of the eye, as noted by: Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see Hathor (disambiguation). ... Ihy redirects here. ... For other uses, see Ra (disambiguation). ... In Egyptian mythology, Buto (papyrus colored--referring to the color of the cobra) was a snake (especially cobra) goddess and patron of the oracle in the city of the same name. ... The Papyrus of Ani is a papyrus from the 19th dynasty of the New Kingdom of Ancient Egypt containing portions of the Book of Going Forth by Day, more commonly known as the Books of the Dead. ... The Middle Kingdom is the period in the history of ancient Egypt stretching from the establishment of the Eleventh Dynasty to the end of the Fourteenth Dynasty, roughly between 2030 BC and 1640 BC. The period comprises two phases, the 11th Dynasty, which ruled from Thebes and the 12th Dynasty... The Akhmim Wooden Tablet, is an ancient Egyptian artifact that has been dated to 2000 BC, near to the beginning of the Egyptian Middle Kingdom. ...

  • 1/2 was represented by smell, symbolized by the right side of the eye in a form of the nose. The pyramid text says: "Behold [the fire] rises in Abydos and it comes; I cause it to come, the Eye of Horus. It is set in order upon thy brow, O Osiris Khenti-Amenti; it is set in the shrine and rises on thy brow."
  • 1/4 was represented by sight or the sensation of light, symbolized by the pupil. The pyramid text says: "Perfect is the Eye of Horus. I have delivered the Eye of Horus, the shining one, the ornament of the Eye of Ra, the Father of the Gods."
  • 1/8 was represented by thought, symbolized by the eyebrow. The pyramid text says: "...the Eye of Horus hath made me holy...I will hide myself among you, O ye stars which are imperishable. My brow is the brow of Ra."
  • 1/16 was represented by hearing, symbolized by the left side of the eye in the form of an arrow pointing towards the ear. The pyramid text says: "That which has been shut fast/dead hath been opened by the command of the Eye of Horus, which hath delivered me. Established are the beauties on the forehead of Ra."
  • 1/32 was represented by taste, by the sprouting of wheat or grain from the planted stalk, symbolized by a curved tail. The pyramid text says: "Come, the Eye of Horus hath delivered for me my soul, my ornaments are established on the brow of Ra. Light is on the faces of those who are in the members of Osiris."
  • 1/64 was represented by touch, symbolized by a leg touching the ground, or what can also be thought of as a strong plant growing into the surface of the earth. The pyramid text says: "I shall see the Gods and the Eye of Horus burning with fire before my eyes!"
Earthenware Wadjet amulet on display at the Louvre, c. 500–300 BC
Earthenware Wadjet amulet on display at the Louvre, c. 500–300 BC

In the Middle Kingdom the 1/64 symbol denoted 'rest' and 'healing' as connected to the hekat, with the word dja being attached. This article is about the museum. ... A hekat is an ancient Egyptian weights and measures volume unit, used to measure grain, bread, and beer, and further sub-divided into other units for medical prescriptions, beginning with the oipe, hin, jar, dja and ro. ...


The 'Eye of Horus' fractions were further discussed in the Egyptian Mathematical Leather Roll following elementary definitions that built the Egyptian fraction system. Weights and measure subunits of a hekat were also connected to Eye of Horus numbers in the quotient, and as an exact remainder, the remainder including an Egyptian fraction and a ro unit, correcting the Eye of Horus 1/64 round off error. The ro unit, 1/320 of a hekat was cited in the Rhind Mathematical Papyrus and as applied in the medical texts, like the Ebers Papyrus. A precise mathematical derivation of ro is found in the Akhmim Wooden Tablet. The Egyptian Mathematical Leather Roll (also referred to as EMLR) was a 10 x 17 leather roll purchased by Alexander Henry Rhind in 1858. ... An Egyptian fraction is the sum of distinct unit fractions, such as . ... A hekat is an ancient Egyptian weights and measures volume unit, used to measure grain, bread, and beer, and further sub-divided into other units for medical prescriptions, beginning with the oipe, hin, jar, dja and ro. ... A hekat is an ancient Egyptian weights and measures volume unit, used to measure grain, bread, and beer, and further sub-divided into other units for medical prescriptions, beginning with the oipe, hin, jar, dja and ro. ... The Rhind Mathematical Papyrus ( papyrus British Museum 10057 and pBM 10058), is named after Alexander Henry Rhind, a Scottish antiquarian, who purchased the papyrus in 1858 in Luxor, Egypt; it was apparently found during illegal excavations in or near the Ramesseum. ... Ebers medical papyrus giving the treatment of cancer. ... The Akhmim Wooden Tablet, is an ancient Egyptian artifact that has been dated to 2000 BC, near to the beginning of the Egyptian Middle Kingdom. ...


Plasma cosmology

In Plasma Cosmology and Catastrophism (See Immanuel Velikovsky) circles the Eye of Horus or Eye of Ra is considered a alignment of Planets when they began a discharge from being in such close proximity, as seen from below. It was seen clearly in the Northern Hemisphere. The Planet Saturn is the main eye and you can see the Ring structure as seen from below. The 'hanging tear' is a plasma connection above to the planet Uranus, and the 'crook' is the planet Venus as it was ejected from Saturn. The brilliance of that ejection was defined as 'creation' in manly cultures. Mars was hanging below these planets, appearing as the 'pupil', held and pulled along via the current passing through the world and into ours. Many speculate these events are what spawned mythology and religion, language and perhaps even consciousness(See Julian Jaynes) itself. Hannes Alfvén suggested that, by scaling laboratory results by a factor of 109, he could extrapolate magnetospheric conditions. ... Immanuel Velikovsky photographed by Fima Noveck, ca. ... Northern hemisphere highlighted in yellow. ... This article is about the planet. ... For other uses, see Uranus (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Venus (disambiguation). ... This article is about the planet. ... Julian Jaynes Julian Jaynes (February 27, 1920 - November 21, 1997) was an American psychologist, best known for his book The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind (1976), in which he argues that ancient peoples were not conscious as we consider the term today, and that the...


See also

  • Eye of Providence: a symbol showing an eye surrounded by rays of light or a glory, and usually enclosed by a triangle
  • Evil eye - a widely distributed element of folklore

This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see The Evil Eye (disambiguation). ...

References

  1. ^ Wörterbuch der ägyptischen Sprache 1, 268.13
  2. ^ Pommerening, Tanja, Die altägyptischen Hohlmaße (Studien zur Altägyptischen Kultur, Beiheft 10), Hamburg, Helmut Buske Verlag, 2005
  3. ^ M. Stokstad, "Art History"
  4. ^ Eye of Horus, Eye of Ra (Udjat, Wedjat)

5. http://planetmath.org/encyclopedia/EgyptianMathematicalLeatherRoll2.html] Egyptian Mathematical Leather Roll


  Results from FactBites:
 
Eye of Horus (179 words)
Horus, represented as the falcon-headed god, was an important god in Egyptian legend.
The symbol representing his eye, Eye of Horus, was a powerful symbol used to protect from evil.
In reality the complete Eye of Horus represents 63/64, which is rounded off to 1.
Eye of Horus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (858 words)
The Eye of Horus (originally, The Eye of Ra) is an ancient Egyptian symbol of protection and power, from the deity Horus or Ra.
The Eye was a symbol that signified royal power, yet on the numeration side denoted a decimal system where round off was set to the first 6-terms.
The Eye of Horus (flanked by Nekhbet and Wadjet) was found under the 12th layer of bandages on Tutankhamun's mummy.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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