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Encyclopedia > Exxon Valdez
The Exxon Valdez
The Exxon Valdez aground, 1989
Career
Laid down: 29 July 1985
Launched: 14 October 1986
Commissioned: 11 December 1986
Fate: Decommissioned
General characteristics
Displacement: 211,469 tons (214,862 metric tons)
Length: 301 m (987 ft)
Beam: 51 m (166 ft)
Draft: 20 m (64.5 ft)
Speed: 16.25 knots (30 km/h)
Capacity: 1.48 million barrels (235,000 m³) of crude oil
Complement: 21 crew

Exxon Valdez was the original name (later Sea River Mediterranean and eventually Mediterranean) of an oil tanker owned by the former Exxon Corporation. It gained widespread infamy after the March 24, 1989 oil spill in which the tanker, bound for Washington, USA, captained by Joseph Hazelwood, hit Prince William Sound's Bligh Reef and spilled an estimated 11 million gallons (42 megalitres) of crude oil. This has been recorded as one of the largest spills in U.S. history and one of the largest ecological disasters.[1] The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill occurred in Prince William Sound, Alaska, on 24 March 1989. ... FUCK FUCK FUCK File links The following pages link to this file: Exxon Valdez ... is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Petro redirects here. ... Commercial crude oil supertanker AbQaiq. ... For other uses, see Exon (disambiguation). ... is the 83rd day of the year (84th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill occurred in Prince William Sound, Alaska, on 24 March 1989. ... Time magazine featured Joseph Hazelwood and the Exxon Valdez in the July 24, 1989 edition. ... Prince William Sound, on the south coast of Alaska. ... Bligh Reef is a reef in Prince William Sound, Alaska. ...


The vessel had an all steel construction, built by National Steel and Shipbuilding Company in San Diego. A relatively new tanker at the time of the spill, it was delivered to Exxon in December 1986. The tanker was 300 m long, 50 m wide, and 27 m in depth (987 ft by 166 ft by 88 ft), weighing 30,000 tons empty and powered by a 31,650 shp (23.60 MW) diesel engine. The ship could transport a maximum of 1.48 million barrels (200,000 t) at a sustained speed of 16.25 knots (30 km/h) and was employed to transport crude oil from the Alyeska consortium's pipeline terminal in Valdez, Alaska, to the lower 48 states of the United States. The vessel was carrying about 1.26 million barrels, or about 53 million gallons (200 megalitres), of oil at the time it ran aground. For other uses, see Ship (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Steel (disambiguation). ... National Steel and Shipbuilding Company or simply NASSCO is a shipyard in San Diego, California, and a division of General Dynamics. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Americas Finest City Location Location of San Diego within San Diego County Coordinates , Government County San Diego Mayor City Attorney         City Council District One District Two District Three District Four District Five District Six District Seven District Eight Jerry Sanders (R) Michael Aguirre Scott Peters Kevin... Diesel engines in a museum Diesel generator on an oil tanker A diesel engine is an internal combustion engine which operates using the Diesel cycle. ... “bbl” redirects here. ... The Alyeska consortium refers to the major oil companies that own and operate the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS) through the Alyeska Pipeline Service Company. ... Valdez (IPA: ) is a city in Valdez-Cordova Census Area in the U.S. state of Alaska. ... The continental United States is a term referring to the United States situated on the North American continent. ...


After the spill, the Exxon Valdez was towed to San Diego, arriving on July 10 and repairs began onboard on June 30, 1989. Approximately 1,600 tons of steel were removed and replaced in the month of July 1989, totaling $30 million of repairs to the tanker. San Diego redirects here. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ...


After being repaired, the Valdez was renamed the "Sea River Mediterranean," later shortened to "S/R Mediterranean," then to simply "Mediterranean" and sailed under the Marshall Island flag. Although Exxon tried to return the ship to its Alaskan fleet, it was prohibited by law from entering Prince William Sound. Prince William Sound, on the south coast of Alaska. ...


References

  1. ^ Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Trustee Council - History

  Results from FactBites:
 
Exxon Valdez, Oil Program, US EPA (823 words)
The spill was the largest in U.S. history and tested the abilities of local, national, and industrial organizations to prepare for, and respond to, a disaster of such magnitude.
By noon on Friday, March 25, the Alaska Regional Response Team was brought together by teleconference, and the National Response Team was activated soon thereafter.
In the aftermath of the Exxon Valdez incident, Congress passed the Oil Pollution Act of 1990, which required the Coast Guard to strengthen its regulations on oil tank vessels and oil tank owners and operators.
Exxon Valdez oil spill - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1383 words)
Exxon's official position states that punitive damages greater than $25 million are not justified because the spill resulted from an accident, and because Exxon spent an estimated $2 billion cleaning up the spill, and a further $1 billion to settle civil and criminal charges related to the case.
The Exxon Valdez damages assessment is notably important in the environmental resource in question, an assessment reached with the use of contingent valuation techniques.
The Exxon Valdez supertanker was towed to San Diego, arriving on July 10 and repairs began in July 30, 1989.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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