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Encyclopedia > Extreme points of the world

This is a list of lists of extreme points of the world, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other locations on the landmasses, continents or countries. {{Otheruses4|north the direction}} [[Image:CompassRose16_N.png|thumb|250px|right|[[Compass rose]] with north highlighted and at top]] {{wiktionary}} <nowiki>North is o<nowiki>ne of the [[4 (numbe</nowiki> Block quote r)|four]] cardinal directions, specifically the direction that, in Western culture, is treated as the primary direction: north... A compass rose with South highlighted South is most commonly a noun, adjective, or adverb indicating direction or geography. ... The Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST, internally called HT-7U) is a project being undertaken to construct an experimental superconducting tokamak magnetic fusion energy reactor in Hefei, the capital city of Anhui Province, in eastern China. ... A compass rose with west highlighted This article refers to the cardinal direction; for other uses see West (disambiguation). ... A landmass is a large extent of land. ... Animated, colour-coded map showing the various continents. ... In political geography and international politics a country is a geographical entity, a territory, most commonly associated with the notions of state or nation. ...

Contents

The world

Latitude and longitude

  • The northernmost point of the world is the geographic North Pole, in the Arctic Ocean.
  • The northernmost point on land is Kaffeklubben Island, north of Greenland (83°40′N, 29°50′W), which lies slightly north of Cape Morris Jesup, Greenland (83°38′N, 32°40′W). Various shifting gravel bars lie further north, the most famous being Oodaaq. It is possible that Schmitt's Island, which lies just north of Kaffeklubben, is a permanent island. The term Ultima Thule was given by medieval cartographers for the northernmost point of land.
  • The southernmost point of the world and the southernmost point on land is the geographic South Pole, which is on the continent of Antarctica.
  • The westernmost and easternmost points of land, based on the normal practice of using longitude, can be found anywhere along the 180th meridian in Siberian Russia (including Wrangel Island), Antarctica, or the three islands of Fiji through which the 180th meridian passes (Vanua Levu's eastern peninsula, the middle of Taveuni, and the western part of Rabi.)
  • The westernmost point on land, according to the path of the International Date Line, would be Attu Island, Alaska.
  • The easternmost point on land, according to the path of the International Date Line, would be Caroline Island, Kiribati.1

1A 1995 realignment of the International Date Line ([1]) moved all of Kiribati to the Asian side of the Date Line, causing Caroline Island to be the easternmost. However, if the original Date Line were followed, the easternmost point would be Tafahi Niuatoputapu, in the Tonga Islands chain. For other uses, see North Pole (disambiguation). ... Kaffeklubben Island or Coffee Club Island is a small island lying off the north eastern tip of Greenland, and is considered to be the most northerly point of land on earth. ... Cape Morris Jesup is the northernmost point of mainland Greenland and is 708 km from the geographic North Pole. ... Gravel bars are hydrogeologic sediments that are prone to continuous erosion and migration. ... Oodaaq is the name given to a bank of gravel and silt, north east of Greenland that was at one stage considered by some to be the most northerly point of land on earth. ... Dennis Schmitt is a veteran explorer from UC Berkeley who may have discovered the northernmost permanent island on Earth off the north coast of Greenland. ... Thule is in classic sources a place, usually an island, in the far north, often Scandinavia. ... For other uses, see South Pole (disambiguation). ... Animated, colour-coded map showing the various continents. ... This article is about the Russian island. ... Vanua Levu is the second largest island of Fiji, and was formerly known as Sandalwood Island. ... Taveuni is the third-largest island in Fiji, after Vanua Levu and Viti Levu, and has a population of around 12,000. ... The International Date Line around 180° This article is about the line dividing time zones; see Dateline (disambiguation) for other meanings, including the television program. ... Attu Island Attu is the westernmost and largest island in the Near Islands group of the Aleutian Islands of Alaska, making it the westernmost point of land relative to Alaska and the United States. ... Official language(s) none Capital Juneau Largest city Anchorage Area  Ranked 1st  - Total 663,267 sq mi (1,717,855 km²)  - Width 808 miles (1,300 km)  - Length 1,479 miles (2,380 km)  - % water 13. ... The International Date Line around 180° This article is about the line dividing time zones; see Dateline (disambiguation) for other meanings, including the television program. ... NASA orbital photo of Caroline Island. ...


Altitude

“Everest” redirects here. ... “Everest” redirects here. ... The metre or meter is a measure of length. ... Location of Challenger Deep within the Mariana Trench The Challenger Deep is the deepest known point in the oceans. ... Mariana Trench location This article is about the geographical feature. ... The metre or meter is a measure of length. ... For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ... The Dead Sea (Hebrew: , translated as Sea of Salt); (Arabic: ) is a salt lake between the West Bank and Israel to the west, and Jordan to the east. ... The metre or meter is a measure of length. ... The following is a list of places on land located below mean sea level. ... The Bentley Subglacial Trench is a vast trench in Antarctica, 80°S, 115°W. At 2,555 meters (8,383 ft) below sea level, it is the lowest point on the surface of the earth not covered by ocean, although it is covered by ice. ... The metre or meter is a measure of length. ... This article describes extreme locations on Earth. ... The following is a list of places on land located below mean sea level. ... The inactive stratovolcano Chimborazo is Ecuadors highest summit. ... Huascarán or Nevado Huascarán is a mountain of the Cordillera Blanca, part of the Western Andes. ... The metre or meter is a measure of length. ... For other uses, see North Pole (disambiguation). ... Aucanquilcha is a massive stratovolcano located in the Antofagasta Region of northern Chile, just south of the border with Bolivia. ... The metre or meter is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Semo La summit Trucks descending from Semo La The Semo La road. ... Tibet (older spelling Thibet; Tibetan: བོད་; Wylie: Bod; Lhasa dialect IPA: [; Simplified and Traditional Chinese: 西藏, Hanyu Pinyin: XÄ«zàng; also referred to as 藏区 (Simplified Chinese), 藏區 (Traditional Chinese), ZàngqÅ« (Hanyu Pinyin), see Name section below) is a plateau region in Central Asia and the indigenous home to the Tibetan people. ... Marsimik La, elevation , is a high mountain pass in northern India. ... Tibet (older spelling Thibet; Tibetan: བོད་; Wylie: Bod; Lhasa dialect IPA: [; Simplified and Traditional Chinese: 西藏, Hanyu Pinyin: XÄ«zàng; also referred to as 藏区 (Simplified Chinese), 藏區 (Traditional Chinese), ZàngqÅ« (Hanyu Pinyin), see Name section below) is a plateau region in Central Asia and the indigenous home to the Tibetan people. ... Khardung La (5602m) is highest known motorable pass in the world. ... The Tanggula Mountain Pass in Tibet is a mountain pass which rises as high as 5,072 m (16,640 ft) above sea level. ... Tibet (older spelling Thibet; Tibetan: བོད་; Wylie: Bod; Lhasa dialect IPA: [; Simplified and Traditional Chinese: 西藏, Hanyu Pinyin: XÄ«zàng; also referred to as 藏区 (Simplified Chinese), 藏區 (Traditional Chinese), ZàngqÅ« (Hanyu Pinyin), see Name section below) is a plateau region in Central Asia and the indigenous home to the Tibetan people. ...

Remoteness

The pole of inaccessibility marks a location that is the most challenging to reach owing to its remoteness from geographical features which could provide access. ... Ürümqi (Uyghur: &#1574;&#1736;&#1585;&#1736;&#1605;&#1670;&#1609;; Uyghur Latin script: Ürümqi; Chinese: &#28879;&#39791;&#26408;&#40778;; Pinyin: W&#363;l&#468;mùqí; population about 1. ... For the county in Shanxi province, see Xinjiang County. ... A remote, arid, and rugged area of the Xinjiang Autonomous Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The pole of inaccessibility marks a location that is the most challenging to reach owing to its remoteness from geographical features which could provide access. ... Map of Pitcairn Islands, with inset of Ducie Island Ducie Island, a rarely visited island atoll, has been part of the Pitcairn Islands since 1902. ... Location of Siple Island Siple Island is a massive, snow-covered island, 110 km long, lying E of Wrigley Gulf along the Getz Ice Shelf off the coast of Marie Byrd Land, Antarctica. ... Map of Antarctica Marie Byrd Land is the portion of Antarctica lying east of the Ross Ice Shelf and the Ross Sea and south of the Pacific Ocean, extending eastward approximately to a line between the head of the Ross Ice Shelf and Eights Coast. ... Motu Nui Picture taken during January 2004, from Orongo at the Rano Kau volcano, around 250 meters (820 feet) above sea level. ... Easter Island and its location Easter Island (Polynesian: Rapa Nui (Great Rapa), Spanish: Isla de Pascua) is an island in the south Pacific Ocean belonging to Chile. ... Queen Maud Land (Norwegian: Dronning Maud Land) is the part of Antarctica lying between the terminus of Stancomb-Wills Glacier, at 20°W, and Shinnan Glacier, at 44° 38E. It has a land area of approximately 2,500,000 km², mostly covered by the Antarctic ice sheet. ... Motto: Our faith is our strength Anthem: God Save the Queen Capital Edinburgh of the Seven Seas Status Dependency of Saint Helena Official language(s) English Governor Michael Clancy Administrator Mike Hentley Area 201 km²(120. ... The Mergui Archipelago An archipelago is a landform which consists of a chain or cluster of islands. ... Motto: Our faith is our strength Anthem: God Save the Queen Capital Edinburgh of the Seven Seas Status Dependency of Saint Helena Official language(s) English Governor Michael Clancy Administrator Mike Hentley Area 201 km²(120. ... “Honolulu” redirects here. ... The Perth skyline viewed from the Swan River This article is about the metropolitan area of Perth, Western Australia. ... Hilo (pronounced IPA: ) is a coastal city in the State of HawaiÊ»i, and is the largest community on the island of HawaiÊ»i. ... Location of Geraldton, Western Australia Geraldton ( ) is a city and port in Western Australia located 424 km north of Perth. ... Kalgoorlie is a Western Australian city located about 600 km east of Perth. ... Mataveri International Airport (IATA airport code: IPC) located on Easter Island, is one of the worlds most remote airports, served only by the Chilean carrier LAN Airlines (formerly LanChile). ... motto: ( Rapa Nui ) Also called Te Pito O Te Henua (Ombligo del mundo) (Navel of the world) Capital Hanga Roa Area  - City Proper  163. ... km redirects here. ... A mile is a unit of length, usually used to measure distance, in a number of different systems, including Imperial units, United States customary units and Norwegian/Swedish mil. ... Location of Santiago commune in Greater Santiago Coordinates: Region Santiago Metropolitan Region Province Santiago Province Foundation February 12, 1541 Government  - Mayor Raúl Alcaíno Lihn Area 1  - City 641. ... km redirects here. ... A mile is a unit of length, usually used to measure distance, in a number of different systems, including Imperial units, United States customary units and Norwegian/Swedish mil. ... Mangareva is the central, and most important island of the Gambier Islands, in French Polynesia. ... The Gambier Islands (French: ÃŽles Gambier or Archipel des Gambier) are a small group of islands in French Polynesia, located at the southeast terminus of the Tuamotu archipelago. ... The Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station is a U.S. research station at the South Pole, in Antarctica. ... km redirects here. ... A mile is a unit of length, usually used to measure distance, in a number of different systems, including Imperial units, United States customary units and Norwegian/Swedish mil. ... Williams Field is New Zealands principal airport in Antarctica. ... Map of Ross Island orthographic projection centred over Ross Island Ross Island is an island formed by three volcanoes in the Ross Sea by Antarctica, off the coast of Victoria Land in McMurdo Sound at . ...

Centre

Since the Earth is a near-sphere, its centre (the core) is thousands of kilometres beneath its crust. However, one could perhaps consider the intersection of the Equator and Prime Meridian, located at the coordinates of zero degrees by zero, to be the "centre" of the human world, especially when viewed on a map. This point is located in the Atlantic Ocean approximately 614 km south of Accra, Ghana, in the Gulf of Guinea. A sphere is a perfectly symmetrical geometrical object. ... Earth cutaway from core to exosphere. ... World map showing the equator in red In tourist areas, the equator is often marked on the sides of roads The equator marked as it crosses Ilhéu das Rolas, in São Tomé and Príncipe. ... Location of the Prime Meridian Prime Meridian in Greenwich The Prime Meridian, also known as the International Meridian or Greenwich Meridian, is the meridian (line of longitude) passing through the Royal Greenwich Observatory, Greenwich, England — it is the meridian at which longitude is 0 degrees. ... Accra, population 1,970,400 (2005), is the capital of Ghana. ... The Gulf of Guinea is the part of the Atlantic southwest of Africa. ...


The Americas

World map showing the Americas The Americas are the lands of the Western hemisphere historically considered to consist of the continents of North America and South America with their associated islands and regions. ... This is a list of the extreme points of The Americas, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location on the continent. ... This is a list of the extreme points of North America, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location on the continent. ... Map of Canada Canada occupies most of the upper half of the continent of North America, spanning a vast expanse of territory between the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans and between the United States to the south and northwest, and the Arctic Ocean and Beaufort Sea to the North. ... See also: Extreme points of U.S. states Categories: Geography of Canada ... This is a list of the extreme communities in Canada. ... This is a list of the extreme points of Greenland, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location. ... This is a list of the extreme coordinates of Mexico, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location. ... This is a list of the extreme points of the United States, the points that are farther north, south, east, or west than any other location in the country. ... Extreme points are portions of a region which are further north, south, east, or west than any other. ... This is a list of extreme points of New England, which are points that extend farther north, south, east or west than any other part of New England. ... Introduction This is a list of the extreme points of central America, the points that are farther north, south, east, or west than any other location on the region. ... This is a list of the extreme points of South America, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location on the continent. ... This is a list of the extreme points of Argentina, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location, and the highest and lowest points. ... This is a list of the extreme points of Brazil, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location. ... This is a list of the extreme points of Chile, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location. ... This is a list of the extreme points of Peru, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location. ...

Antarctica

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Australasia

Australasia Australasia is a term variably used to describe a region of Oceania: Australia, New Zealand, and neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean. ... This is a list of the extreme points of Australia, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location on the continent. ... This is a list of the extreme points of New Zealand, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location in the country. ... Location: Southeastern Asia, group of islands including the eastern half of the island of New Guinea between the Coral Sea and the South Pacific Ocean, east of Indonesia Geographic coordinates: 6°00′S 147°00′E Map references: Oceania Area: total: 462,840 km² land: 452,860 km² water: 9...

Africa-Eurasia

Africa-Eurasia The supercontinent of Africa-Eurasia, or Afro-Eurasia, is the worlds largest land mass and contains around 85% of the human population. ... This is a list of the extreme points of Africa-Eurasia, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location on the supercontinent. ... This is a list of the extreme points of Africa, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location on the continent. ... Algeria: Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Morocco and Tunisia Geographic coordinates: 28° N 3° E Map references: Africa Area: total: 2,381,740 km² land: 2,381,740 km² water: 0 km² Area comparative Australia comparative: slightly smaller than Western Australia Canada comparative: slightly bigger than Nunavut... This is a list of the extreme points of Madgascar, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location. ... This is a list of the extreme points of South Africa, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location in the country. ... This is a list of the extreme points of Eurasia, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location on the continent. ... This is a list of the extreme points of Asia, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location on the continent. ... This is a list of the extreme points of India, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location in the country. ... Irizaki, Westernmost point This is a list of the extreme points of Japan, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location. ... This is a list of the extreme points of Russia, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location in the country. ... // This is a list of the extreme points of Europe, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location in Europe. ...  Member states  Candidates Austria Poland Belgium Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Czech Rep. ... Austria is geographically located in Central Europe, north of Italy and Slovenia Geographic coordinates: 47°20′ N 13°20′ E Map references: Europe Area: total: 83,858 km² land: 82,738 km² water: 1,120 km² Area comparative Australia comparative: slightly smaller than Tasmania China comparative: about half of Jiangxi... This is a list of the extreme points of Belgium, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location. ... A map of the extreme points of Bulgaria This is a list of the extreme points of the Republic of Bulgaria, the points that are farther north, south, east or west, higher or lower than any other location on the territory of the state. ... This is a list of the extreme points of Finland, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location. ... This is a list of the extreme points of France, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location. ... This is a list of the extreme points of Germany, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location. ... This is a list of the extreme points of Greece, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location. ... This is a list of the extreme points of Iceland, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location. ... This is a list of the extreme points of Ireland, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location. ... This is a list of the extreme points of Italy — the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location. ... This is a list of the extreme points of the Netherlands, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location. ... This is a list of the extreme points of Norway, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location. ... This is a list of the extreme points of Poland, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location. ... This is a list of the extreme points of Portugal, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location. ... This is a list of the extreme points of Russia, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location in the country. ... This is a list of the extreme points of Spain — the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location. ... This is a list of the extreme points of Sweden, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location. ... This is a list of the extreme points of Switzerland. ... This is a list of the extreme points of the United Kingdom: the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location. ...

See also

This article or section needs additional references or sources. ... // City life Capital: Wellington, New Zealand, 41°17′S 174°47′E City: Ushuaia, Argentina, 54°48′S 068°18′W Hotel: Medieval stone castle: Great Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe, 20°16′S 30°54′E Million population city: Melbourne, Australia, 37°45′S 144°58′E Motorway: Post Office: Town: Puerto... This article describes extreme locations on Earth. ... This is a list of countries by northernmost point on land. ... This is a list of countries by southernmost point on land. ... Lands End shown within UK Lands End, the most westerly point in England The wreck of the RMS Mülheim at Lands End, 2003 This article relates to the location at the western tip of Cornwall; for other uses, see Lands End (disambiguation) Lands End... End of the world may refer to: The ultimate fate of the universe, in cosmology The end of planet Earth, ultimate fate of planet Earth Risks to civilization, humans and planet Earth, future doomsday scenarios covering the end of civilization, humanity or the planet. ...

References

  1. ^ McIntyre, Loren (April 1987). "The High Andes". National Geographic 171 (4): 422-460.  (includes description and photos of Aucanquilcha summit road and mine)
  2. ^ Airliners.net: World's Most Remote Airport?. Retrieved on 2007-04-23.
  3. ^ Great Circle Mapper

  Results from FactBites:
 
Extreme points of the world - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (749 words)
The northernmost point of the world is the geographic North Pole, in the Arctic Ocean.
The southernmost point of the world and the southernmost point on land is the geographic South Pole, which is on the continent of Antarctica.
This point is located in the Atlantic Ocean approximately 614 km south of Accra, Ghana, in the Gulf of Guinea.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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