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Encyclopedia > Extremadura
Comunidad Autónoma de Extremadura
Flag of Extremedura Coat-of-arms of Extremedura
Flag Coat of arms
Map of Extremedura
Capital Mérida
Official languages Spanish;
Area
 – Total
 – % of Spain
Ranked 5th
 41,634 km²
 8.2%
Population
 – Total (2005)
 – % of Spain
 – Density
Ranked 12th
 1,083,879
 2.5%
 26.03/km²
Demonym
 – English
 – Spanish

 Extremaduran, Extremenian
 extremeño/a
Statute of Autonomy
February 26, 1983
 – Congress seats
 – Senate seats


 10
 2
President Guillermo Fernández Vara (PSOE)
ISO 3166-2 EX
Junta de Extremadura

Extremadura (Estremaúra in Castúo) is an autonomous community of western Spain whose capital city is Mérida. It includes the provinces of Cáceres and Badajoz. Extremadura borders Portugal to the west, and it is an important area for wildlife, particularly with the major reserve at Monfragüe, which has recently been recognised as a National Park, or the project of International Tagus River Natural Park (Parque Natural Rio Tajo internacional). To the north it borders Castile and León (provinces of Salamanca and Ávila); to the south, it borders Andalusia (provinces of Huelva, Seville, and Córboda); and to the east, it borders Castile-La Mancha (provinces of Toledo and Ciudad Real). Not to be confused with capitol. ... Mérida is the capital of the autonomous community of Extremadura, Spain. ... An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Here is a list of the autonomous communities of Spain in order of area. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 10,000 km² and 100,000 km². ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... For other uses, see Density (disambiguation). ... Here is a list of the autonomous communities and autonomous cities of Spain in order of population (2005). ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Jimi Hendrix song, see 1983. ... The Cortes Generales (Spanish for General Courts) is the legislature of Spain. ... Type Lower house Houses Congreso de los Diputados President Manuel Marín González, PSOE since 2004 Members 350 Political groups PSOE, PP, CiU, ERC, PNV, IU, Mixto Last elections 2004 Meeting place El Palacio del Congreso de los Diputados, Carrera de San Jerónimo, Madrid Web site www. ... Type Upper house Houses Senate President Francisco Javier Rojo García, PSOE PSE-EE since 2004 Members 259 Political groups PP, PSOE, ECP, PNV, CiU, CC, Mixto Last elections 2004 Meeting place Palacio del Senado, Plaza de la Marina Española, Madrid Web site www. ... The Spanish Socialist Workers Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español or PSOE) is one of the main parties of Spain. ... This is a list of ISO 3166-2 codes for Spain. ... Extremaduran is a Romance language spoken by some thousands in Spain, most of them in the autonomous community of Extremadura and the province of Salamanca. ... Spains fifty provinces (provincias) are grouped into seventeen autonomous communities (comunidades autónomas), in addition to two African autonomous cities (ciudades autónomas) (Ceuta and Melilla). ... Mérida is the capital of the autonomous community of Extremadura, Spain. ... In addition to its autonomous communities, Spain is divided into fifty provinces. ... Cáceres province Cáceres is a province of western Spain, in the northern part of the autonomous community of Extremadura. ... Badajoz is a province of western Spain, in the southern part of the autonomous community of Extremadura. ... The Parque Natural de Monfragüe is a Natural Park, north of Trujillo in Extremadura, Spain. ... The Tagus (Latin Tagus, Spanish Tajo, Portuguese Tejo, pron. ... Capital Valladolid Official language(s) Spanish/Castilian Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked  94,223 km²  18. ... Salamanca province. ... Ávila province Ávila is a province of western Spain, in the southern part of the autonomous community of Castile and León. ... For other uses, see Andalusia (disambiguation). ... Huelva province Huelva is a province of southern Spain, in the western part of the autonomous community of Andalusia. ... Categories: Spain geography stubs | Andalusia | Provinces of Spain ... Córdoba Province may refer to: Córdoba Province, Argentina Córdoba Province, Spain This is a disambiguation page — a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Capital Toledo Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 3rd  79,463 km²  15. ... Categories: Spain geography stubs | Castile-La Mancha | Provinces of Spain ... Ciudad Real is a province of central Spain, in the southwestern part of the autonomous community of Castile_La Mancha. ...

Contents

Origin of the name

Palacio de los Golfines de Abajo, Cáceres.
Palacio de los Golfines de Abajo, Cáceres.

There are various theories about the origins of the name. According to one, the name of Extremadura comes from Latin Extrema Dorii ("The ends of the Duero"), which designates that the territory is situated to the south of the basin of the Duero (and its tributaries). However, another well-respected theory is that the word Extremadura was used generically during the Reconquista in order to designate the lands situated on the borders of the Christian kingdoms to the north (in particular, the kingdoms of León and Castile) with Al-Andalus. The Extremadura name would therefore be given to the borderlands of Castile, which later turned to the province of Soria (whose capital's shield says Soria pura cabeza de Estremadura), also known as Extremadura castellana. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (480 × 640 pixel, file size: 86 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Palacio de los Golfines de Abajo, de Cáceres. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (480 × 640 pixel, file size: 86 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Palacio de los Golfines de Abajo, de Cáceres. ... For other uses, see Latins and Latin (disambiguation). ... View of the river mouth from Portos Crystal Palace Gardens, facing West Douro (Latin Durius, Spanish Duero, Portuguese Douro) is one of the major rivers of Portugal and Spain, flowing from its source near Soria across central Spain and Portugal to its outlet at Oporto. ... Look up tributary in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Reconquista (disambiguation). ... Coat of arms Kingdom of León, 1030 Capital León Language(s) Mainly Latin and Astur-Leonese. ... Coat of arms Kingdom of Castile in the 15th century. ... Al-Andalus is the Arabic name given the Iberian Peninsula by its Muslim conquerors; it refers to both the Caliphate proper and the general period of Muslim rule (711–1492). ... Coat of arms Kingdom of Castile in the 15th century. ... Soria province Soria is a province of central Spain, in the eastern part of the autonomous community of Castile and León. ...

Sierra de Gredos on its Extremaduran side.
Sierra de Gredos on its Extremaduran side.

This should not be confused with the former Portuguese province of Estremadura, although the etymological origin may be the same. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 369 pixelsFull resolution (1789 × 826 pixel, file size: 397 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Comarca de La Vera, situada al norte de la provincia de Cáceres, España File historyClick on a date/time to view the file... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 369 pixelsFull resolution (1789 × 826 pixel, file size: 397 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Comarca de La Vera, situada al norte de la provincia de Cáceres, España File historyClick on a date/time to view the file... The Sierra de Gredos is a mountain range in the centre of the Iberian peninsula, located between Ávila, Cáceres, Madrid and Toledo. ... Estremadura Estremadura is a historical province of Portugal. ...


Geography

Extremadura is contained within 37° 57' N, 40° 85' N latitude and 4° 39' W, 7° 33' W longitude.


The area of Extremadura is 41,633 km², making it the 5th largest of the Spanish autonomous communities. This article is about the physical quantity. ...


Mountain systems

To the north of Extremadura rise the sierras of the Sistema Central, composed of the Sierra de Gredos, the Sierra de Béjar where it reaches its highest altitude in the Calvitero at 2401 m and Sierra de Gata which separates Extramadura from Castile. Map of the major geographic features of the Iberian Peninsula. ... The Sierra de Gredos is a mountain range in the centre of the Iberian peninsula, located between Ávila, Cáceres, Madrid and Toledo. ... Sierra de Gata is a mountain range in Spain in the northwest of the province of Cáceres, which is in the autonomous community of Extremadura. ...


In the center is the Sierra de las Villuercas and the Sierra de San Pedro, which form part of the Montes de Toledo


To the south rises the Sierra Morena which separates Extremadura from Andalusia. The Sierra Morena is a mountain chain some 400 km long running East-West in southern Spain, forming the border of the central plateau (Meseta Central) of Iberia, and providing the watershed between the valleys of the Gaudiana to the north and the Guadalquivir to the south. ...


Hydrographic network

There are four different hydrographic basins:

  • The basin of Tagus, with two principal tributaries: to the right: the Tiétar and the Alagón and to the left: the Almonte, Ibor, Salor and the Sever. The tributaries on the right edge carry a large quantity of water, which feed the throats of the Sistema Central where the rainfall is abundant and the winter brings a great quantity of snow.
  • The basin of Guadiana, which has principal tributaries: to the right: Guadarranque and Ruecas to the left: Zújar which is its plentiful tributary and the Matachel.
  • The basin of Guadalquivir.
  • The basin of Duero

The Tagus (Latin Tagus, Spanish Tajo, Portuguese Tejo, pron. ... The Alagón is a 205 km long river in Spain, right tributary to the Tagus. ... Almonte may refer to: in geography: Almonte, Huelva— a town and municipality in Huelva province, Spain Almonte, Ontario— a town in Ontario, Canada in biography: Edwin Almonte— a baseball player in the United States Juan Almonte— a Mexican official and diplomat (1803-1869) see also Almont This is a disambiguation... There are several parishes that have the name Sever (pronunication: sheh-VEHR) in Portugal: Sever, a parish in the municipality of Moimenta da Beira Sever, a parish in the municipality of Santa Marta de Penaguião See also the independant rap artist Sever. ... Map of the major geographic features of the Iberian Peninsula. ... Guadiana (Latin Anas, Spanish Guadiana, Portuguese Guadiana) - one of the major rivers of Spain, part of it is the border with Portugal, ends in the Atlantic Ocean. ... Country Province Municipality Zújar Area  - City 102 km²  (39. ... The Guadalquivir is the second longest river in Spain (after the Tagus). ... View of the river mouth from Portos Crystal Palace Gardens, facing West Douro (Latin Durius, Spanish Duero, Portuguese Douro) is one of the major rivers of Portugal and Spain, flowing from its source near Soria across central Spain and Portugal to its outlet at Oporto. ...

Climate

The climate of Extremadura is Mediterranean, except to the north, where it is continentalized , and to the west, where the influence of Atlantic makes the climate milder.


In general, it is characterized by its very hot and dry summers, with great droughts, and its long and mild winters due to the oceanic influence because of its proximity to the Atlantic coast of Portugal.


Temperatures

The average yearly temperature fluctuates between 16 and 17°C year to year. In the north of Extremadura, the average temperatures are lower than those in the south, the values declining as you go southward to the Sierra Morena, where it diminishes from altitude.


During the summer, the average temperature in July is greater than 26 °C, at times reaching 40 °C.


The winters are mild with the lowest temperatures being registered in the mountainous regions, but an average temperature of 7.5 °C.


Population

Most populated cities[1]
Position Municipality Population
1 Badajoz 143,748
2 Cáceres 90,218
3 Mérida 53,915
4 Plasencia 39,785
5 Don Benito 34,051
6 Almendralejo 31,424
7 Villanueva de la Serena 24,932
8 Navalmoral de la Mata 17,099
9 Zafra 16,417
10 Montijo 15,648

As of 2006-01-01, the population of Extremadura is 1,086,373 inhabitants, representing 2.74% of the Spanish population (44,708,964). Location Badajoz, Spain location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Badajoz (Spanish) Spanish name Badajoz Founded 875 Area code 34 (Spain) + 924 (Badajoz) Website http://www. ... The following places are called Cáceres: The Cáceres province in Spain. ... Mérida is the capital of the autonomous community of Extremadura, Spain. ... Plasencia is a walled market city in the province of Cáceres, in Western Spain. ... Don Benito, a town of Badajoz (province), Extremadura of Spain near the left bank of the river Guadiana. ... Almendralejo is a town in the province of Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain. ... Motto: Puerta soy de la Serena Government  - Mayor Miguel Ángel Gallardo Miranda(PSOE) Elevation 280 m (918 ft) Population (2007)  - City 25,484 Website: http://www. ... Country Autonomous community Province Cáceres Municipality Navalmoral de la Mata Area  - City 156 km²  (60. ... Zafra is a town situated in the Province of Badajoz (Spain), where it is one of the most important. ... Montijo is a town in the province of Badajoz, in Extremadura, Spain. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


The population density is very low (25.81 people/km²) if compared to Spain (84.42 people/km²).


The most populated province is that of Badajoz, with a population of 673,474 and a population density of 30.94 people/km². With an area of 21,766 km², it is the largest province in Spain. 412,899 people live in the province of Cáceres, which has an area of 19,868 km², and thus the largest province in Spain after Badajoz's. Badajoz is a province of western Spain, in the southern part of the autonomous community of Extremadura. ... Cáceres province Cáceres is a province of western Spain, in the northern part of the autonomous community of Extremadura. ...


The most important urban centers are Badajoz (143,748 inhabitants), Cáceres (90,218), Mérida (53,915) and Plasencia (39,874). Location Badajoz, Spain location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Badajoz (Spanish) Spanish name Badajoz Founded 875 Area code 34 (Spain) + 924 (Badajoz) Website http://www. ... The following places are called Cáceres: The Cáceres province in Spain. ... Mérida is the capital of the autonomous community of Extremadura, Spain. ... Plasencia is a walled market city in the province of Cáceres, in Western Spain. ...


Foreigners

In the Extremaduran territory there live 29,068 foreigners, according to the INE census of January 1, 2007, of which 16,647 live in the Province of Badajoz and 12,421 residing in Province of Cáceres. The largest immigrant community is Moroccan with 9,218 people, followed by the Romanian with 4,324 and then the Portuguese with 3,492 people. Brazilians account for 1,676 and Colombians make up 1,409. Of immigrants from Sub-Saharan Africa, the largest community is Senegalese with 88 people. Of those from Asia, the Chinese make up the largest group with 631 people. Badajoz is a province of western Spain, in the southern part of the autonomous community of Extremadura. ... Cáceres province Cáceres is a province of western Spain, in the northern part of the autonomous community of Extremadura. ... The Kingdom of Morocco is a country in northwest Africa. ... Satellite image of Africa, showing the ecological break that defines the sub-Saharan area African countries considered sub-Saharan Sub-Saharan Africa is a geographical term used to describe the area of the African continent which lies south of the Sahara, or those African countries which are fully or partially... The Republic of Senegal is a country south of the Senegal River in West Africa. ...


Historical development

The Extremaduran population, according to the 1591 census of the provinces of the Kingdom of Castile, there were around 540,000 people, making up 8% of the total population of Spain. No other census was made until 1717. That year 326,358 people were counted. Coat of arms Kingdom of Castile in the 15th century. ...


From this period, the population grew steadily until the 1960s (1,379,072 people in 1960[2]). After 1960, emigration to more prosperous regions of Spain and Europe drained the population.


Municipalities

Extremadura consists of 383 municipalities, 164 are from the Province of Badajoz and the other 219 are from the Province of Cáceres.

This is a list of the municipalities in the province of Badajoz, in the autonomous community of Extremadura, Spain. ... This is a list of the municipalities in the province of Cáceres in the autonomous community of Extremadura, Spain. ...

Languages

The only language that is officially recognized is Spanish, however other languages are also spoken:

  • Portuguese, with many varieties: Oliventine Portuguese in Olivenza, Portuguese of Herrera de Alcántara, Portuguese of Cedillo, as well as Portuguese of Valencia de Alcántara and La Codosera. The majority of these varieties of Portuguese are endangered. Some Extremaduran schools teach these as a foreign language, but not usually to the level of fluency.
  • A Fala, a Galician-Portuguese language, is a specially protected language and is spoken in the valley of Jálama.
  • The Extremaduran language, is related to Astur-Leonese and is severely endangered. It is taught neither publicly nor privately.

Location Coordinates: , Country Autonomous Community (Spain) Province (Spain) Badajoz District (Portugal) Évora Government  - Mayor Manuel Cayado Rodríguez (PSOE) Area  - Total 750 km² (289. ... Country Autonomous community Province Cáceres Municipality Herrera de Alcántara Area  - City 121 km²  (46. ... Cedillo is a municipality located in the province of Cáceres, Extremadura, Spain. ... Next of the portuguese border. ... Country Autonomous community Province Badajoz Municipality La Codosera Area  - City 69 km²  (26. ... Fala language (SIL Code: FAX; ISO 639-2 code: roa) is a Romance language from the Portuguese-Galician subgroup spoken in Spain by about 10,500 people, of which 5,500 live in a valley of the northwestern part of Extremadura near the border with Portugal. ... Galician-Portuguese (also known as galego-português or galaico-português in Portuguese and as galego-portugués or galaico-portugués in Galician) was a West Iberian Romance language spoken in the Middle Ages, in the northwest area of the Iberian Peninsula. ... Extremaduran is a Romance language spoken by some thousands in Spain, most of them in the autonomous community of Extremadura and the province of Salamanca. ... Astur-Leonese or Bable (Asturianu in Asturian, Llïonés in Leonese) is a Romance language spoken in some parts of the provinces of Asturias, León, Zamora and Salamanca in Spain, and in the area of Miranda de Douro in Portugal (where it is officially recognized as Mirandese). ...

History

Lusitania, an ancient Roman province approximately including current day Portugal (except for the northern area today known as Norte Region), and a central western portion of the current day Spain, covered in those times today's Autonomous Community of Extremadura. Mérida (capital of Extremadura), became the capital of the Roman Lusitania province, and one of the most important cities in the Roman Empire. In red is the province of Lusitania within the Roman Empire, 120 AD Lusitania was an ancient Roman province approximately including current Portugal, except for the area between the rivers Douro and Minho (part of Hispania Tarraconensis), and part of modern day western Spain, the present autonomous communities of Extremadura... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... Map showing Norte Region in Portugal. ... Mérida is the capital of the autonomous community of Extremadura, Spain. ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ...


Extremadura was the source of many of the most famous Spanish conquerors ("conquistadores") and settlers in America. Hernán Cortés, Francisco Pizarro, Pedro de Alvarado, Pedro de Valdivia, Francisco de Orellana, Pedro Gomez Duran y Chaves and Vasco Nunez de Balboa were all born in Extremadura and many towns and cities in America carry a name from their homeland: Mérida is the name of the administrative capital of Extremadura, and also of important cities in Mexico and Venezuela; Medellín is now a little town in Extremadura, but also the name of the second largest city in Colombia; Albuquerque is the largest city in New Mexico and its name is due to a transcription mistake of Alburquerque[citation needed], another town in Extremadura. The two (to date) Spanish astronauts, Miguel López-Alegría and Pedro Duque, also have family connections in Extremadura. King Ferdinand II of Aragon died in the village of Madrigalejo, Cáceres in 1516. Pedro de Valdivia founded numerous cities in Chile with names from small villages in Extremadura, such as Valdivia and La Serena. The capital Santiago de Chile was founded as "Santiago de Nueva Extremadura" (Santiago of New Extremadura). A Conquistador (Spanish: []) (English: Conqueror) was a Spanish soldier, explorer and adventurer who took part in the gradual invasion and conquering of much of the Americas and Asia Pacific, bringing them under Spanish colonial rule between the 15th and 19th centuries. ... Hernán(do) Cortés Pizarro, 1st Marqués del Valle de Oaxaca (1485–December 2, 1547) was the conquistador who became famous for leading the military expedition that initiated the Spanish Conquest of Mexico. ... Francisco Pizarro Francisco Pizarro González should not be confused with another Francisco Pizarro who joined Hernán Cortés to conquer the Aztecs. ... Pedro de Alvarado y Contreras (Badajoz, c. ... Pedro de Valdivia Pedro de Valdivia (c. ... A Spanish postal stamp featuring Orellana Francisco de Orellana (c1500-c1549) was a Spanish explorer and conquistador. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Mérida is the capital of the autonomous community of Extremadura, Spain. ... Medellíns coat of arms. ... For other uses, see Medellín (disambiguation). ... This article is about the largest city of New Mexico. ... Alburquerque is a small village in the province of Badajoz, Spain. ... For other uses, see Astronaut (disambiguation). ... Pedro Francisco Duque (born 14 March 1963) is a Spanish astronaut and a veteran of two space missions. ... Ferdinand V of Castile & II of Aragon the Catholic (Spanish: , Catalan: , Aragonese: ; March 10, 1452 – January 23, 1516) was king of Aragon (1479–1516), Castile, Sicily (1468–1516), Naples (1504–1516), Valencia, Sardinia and Navarre and Count of Barcelona. ... The following places are called Cáceres: The Cáceres province in Spain. ... // Events March - With the death of Ferdinand II of Aragon, his grandson Charles of Ghent becomes King of Spain as Carlos I. July - Selim I of the Ottoman Empire declares war on the Mameluks and invades Syria. ... Pedro de Valdivia Pedro de Valdivia (c. ... Nickname: Motto: Muy Noble y Muy Leal (Very Noble and Very Loyal) Location of the Commune of Valdivia Coordinates: Country Chile Region Los Lagos Province Valdivia Founded as Santa María la Blaca de Valdivia Founded 9 February 1552 Government  - Mayor Bernardo Berger Fett Area  - City 1,016 km²  (392. ... La Serena (the serene one) is the second oldest city in Chile. ... Satellite image of Santiago Santiago (full form Santiago de Chile) is the capital of Chile. ...


Economy

The Extremadura Regional Government has authored its own Linux distribution, gnuLinEx. Following the last board meeting of the Government held June 25, 2006, the councillor for Infrastructures and Technological Development, Luis Millán de Vázquez de Miguel, announced (Spanish) that a version of gnuLinEx, adapted for the public administration, will be established as the obligatory operating system in workplaces of the civil servants of the Junta and that the operating system will be gradually introduced to all administrative organizations of the Junta de Extremadura. Ubuntu, a popular Linux Distribution A Linux distribution (also called GNU/Linux distribution and often simply distribution or distro) is a member of the Linux family of Unix-like computer operating systems. ... gnuLinEx, or LinEx, is a Linux distribution based on Debian which uses GNOME as its desktop. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... An operating system (OS) is a software that manages computer resources and provides programmers with an interface used to access those resources. ...


Culture

These western Spaniards have some things in common with their Portuguese neighbors to the west.


Each year a bicycle race touring the region takes place. It is called the "Vuelta a Extremadura," and 2008 is its 21st running.

Extremadura is a region in Spain near Portugal. ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Extremadura

Estremadura Estremadura is a historical province of Portugal. ... Extremaduran is a Romance language spoken by some thousands in Spain, most of them in the autonomous community of Extremadura and the province of Salamanca. ...

References

  1. ^ Source: INE, Instituto Nacional de Estadística. (01-01-2006). Real Decreto 1627/2006, de 29 de diciembre
  2. ^ INE. Censo 1960. Tomo III. Volúmenes provinciales.

Coordinates: 39°00′N, 6°00′W Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


 
 

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