FACTOID # 21: 15% of Army recruits from South Dakota are Native American, which is roughly the same percentage for female Army recruits in the state.
 
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Encyclopedia > Extracellular fluid

In some animals, including mammals, the two types of extracellular fluids are interstitial fluid and blood plasma.


In humans, the normal glucose concentration of extracellular fluid that is regulated by homeostasis is approximately 5 mM.


The pH of extracellular fluid is tightly regulated by buffers around 7.4.


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Extracellular fluid Summary (607 words)
The body fluids found outside the cells, such as plasma (the liquid portion of blood and lymph), and interstitial fluid, are generically termed extracellular fluid.
The extracellular fluid filtered from the blood vessels (arterial capillaries) into the extracellular matrix flows among the cells transporting nutrients and chemical messengers and receives from cells metabolites, ions, proteins, and other substances, and is then reabsorbed by either the venous or the lymphatic capillaries.
In humans, the normal glucose concentration of extracellular fluid that is regulated by homeostasis is approximately 5 mM.
Ancillary notes on Misc. Topics for VM 551, Small Animal Medicine I (9414 words)
The third component of fluid therapy is to determine the amount of fluid lost from ongoing disease such as vomiting, diarrhea, or polyuria, pathologic gastrointestinal and urinary tract losses contain electrolytes and water, and are therefore considered isotonic losses of fluid.
Syringe administration of fluids is most easily accomplished by pulling the lip away from the teeth creating a pouch, slightly tilting back the animal’s head, and pouring the fluid from the syringe into the pouch, allowing it to flow between the teeth into the pharynx.
Fluids for subcutaneous administration should be sterile and relatively close in tonicity to extracellular fluid.
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