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Encyclopedia > Extended play

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An Extended play (EP) is a vinyl record or CD which contains more music than a single, but is too short to qualify as an LP. Usually, an EP has around 10–20 minutes of music, a single has up to 10 minutes, and an album has 30–80 minutes. Mini-LPs generally contain 20-30 minutes of music.[1] In the United Kingdom, the Official Chart Company defines a cut off between EP and album classification at 25 minutes length or four tracks (plus alternative versions of featured songs).[2][3] Extended Play is a 2-disc North America-only EP CD/DVD compilation by British electropop band Ladytron. ... Bottom view of VHS cassette with magnetic tape exposed Top view of VHS cassette with front casing removed The Video Home System, better known by its abbreviation VHS, is a recording and playing standard. ... EP can stand for: European Parliament. ... A gramophone record, (also phonograph record - often simply record) is an analog sound recording medium: a flat disc rotating at a constant angular velocity, with inscribed spiral grooves in which a stylus or needle rides. ... CD redirects here. ... A collection of various CD singles In music, a single is a short recording of one or more separate tracks. ... An LP Long playing (LP), either 10 or 12-inch diameter, 33 rpm (actually 33. ...


History

EPs were released in various sizes in different eras. In the 1950s and 1960s, EPs were introduced as compilations or album samplers and were typically played at 45, then later 33⅓ rpm recordings on 7in (18cm) discs, with two songs on each side.[1][4] For other uses, see Revolutions per minute (disambiguation). ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ...


However, some classical music albums released at the beginning of the LP era were also distributed as EP albums — notably the seven operas that Arturo Toscanini conducted on radio between 1944 and 1954. These operas, originally broadcast on NBC radio, were made available both in 45 RPM and 33⅓ RPM. In the 1990s, they began appearing on compact disc. This article is about Western art music from 1000 AD to the present. ... An LP Long playing (LP), either 10 or 12-inch diameter, 33 rpm (actually 33. ... Toscanini conducting. ... This article is about the television network. ...


During the 1950s, RCA Victor released several EP albums of Walt Disney films, containing both the story and songs. These usually featured the original casts of the films. Each album contained two records, plus a fully illustrated booklet containing the complete text of the recording, so that children could follow along. Some of the titles included Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, Pinocchio and what was then a recent release, the 1954 version of 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea. The case of 20,000 Leagues was highly unusual in that, not only did it not use the film's cast but years later, a 12-inch 33⅓ RPM album of the film, with nearly the identical script and yet another totally different cast, was issued by Disneyland Records in conjunction with the 1963 re-release of the film. The decade of the 1950s in film involved many significant films. ... Sony BMG Music Entertainment is the result of a 50/50 joint venture between Sony Music Entertainment (part of Sony) and BMG Entertainment (part of Bertelsmann AG) completed in August 2004. ... For the company founded by Disney, see The Walt Disney Company. ... Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs is a 1937 animated feature, the first produced by Walt Disney. ... Pinocchio is the second animated feature in the Disney animated features canon. ... The year 1954 in film involved some significant events. ...  20,000 Leagues Under the Sea is a 1954 film starring Kirk Douglas as Ned Land, James Mason as Captain Nemo, Paul Lukas as Professor Aronnax and Peter Lorre as Conseil. ... ... The year 1963 in film involved some significant events. ...


In 1967, The Beatles released a double-EP containing songs from their TV film, Magical Mystery Tour. Stevie Wonder included a bonus 4-song EP in his 1976 double LP Songs in the Key of Life. In the 1970s and 1980s there was less standardization and EPs were made on 7 in (18cm), 10 in or 12 in (30cm) discs running either 33⅓ or 45 rpm. Some novelty EPs used odd shapes and colors and a few were picture discs. The year 1967 was an important year for psychedelic music, with releases from Small Faces Itchycoo Park,The Doors (The Doors, Strange Days), Jefferson Airplane (Surrealistic Pillow, After Bathing at Baxters), the Beatles Sgt. ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... “Magical Mystery Tour” redirects here. ... Magical Mystery Tour, starring The Beatles, is an hour-long television film that initially aired on BBC1 on Boxing Day in 1967. ... Stevie Wonder (born Stevland Hardaway Judkins on May 13, 1950, name later changed to Stevland Hardaway Morris)[1] is an American singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, and record producer. ... Songs in the Key of Life is a landmark album by Stevie Wonder, released on September 28, 1976 (see 1976 in music), and is widely known and confirmed as Wonders magnum opus. ... “Standard” redirects here. ... Novelty records are whole albums or singles that capitalize on something interesting (novel) or a current fad. ... Usual types of gramophone record (phonograph record in U.S. English) are discussed in the main article. ...


Alice in Chains is the first band to ever have an EP reach #1 on Billboard album chart. The EP, Jar of Flies was released January 25, 1994. Linkin Park and Jay-Z's collaboration EP, Collision Course, was the next and latest to have reached the #1 spot after Alice in Chains. This article is about the rock band. ... Billboard is a weekly American magazine devoted to the music industry. ... Jar of Flies is an Alice in Chains studio EP, released on January 25, 1994. ... is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Linkin Park is a rock band from Agoura Hills, California. ... Jay-Z (aka the Jigga, HOV and Hova, born Shawn Carter on December 4, 1970 in Brooklyn, New York) is an African American rapper/hip hop artist and record label executive; one of the most popular and successful rappers of the late 1990s and early 2000s. ... Linkin Park chronology Singles from Collision Course Released: December 13, 2004 Released: 2005/2006 Collision Course is a CD/DVD set released on November 30, 2004 by Jay-Z & Linkin Park. ...


Defining "EP"

The first EPs were 7-inch vinyl records with twice the number of tracks (i.e. four) as a normal single, and were generally given a title, as opposed to being named after a lead track.[1] Examples include The Beatles' The Beatles Hits EP from 1963, and The Troggs' Troggs Tops EP from 1966, both of which collected previously-released tracks.[1] The playing time was generally between 10 and 15 minutes.[1] These fell out of favor, but regained popularity in the punk era, when they became commonly used for the release of new material, e.g. Buzzcocks' Spiral Scratch EP, which featured four tracks.[1] The 12-inch single was introduced in 1977, and commonly had extended or additional tracks compared to the 7-inch release. 12-inch EPs were similar, but generally had between 3 and 5 tracks and had a length of over 12 minutes, and like 7-inch EPs were given titles.[1] EP releases were also issued in cassette and 10-inch vinyl format.[1] With the advent of the Compact disc, more music was often included on 'single' releases, with 4 or 5 tracks being common, and playing times of up to 25 minutes.[1] The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... The Troggs were a successful English rock band of the 1960s, who had a number of hits in Britain and America, including their most famous song, Wild Thing. The Troggs were from the town of Andover in southern England. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... For the panel game, see Never Mind the Buzzcocks. ... A standard audio cassette Cassette may refer to: A small cartridge of some form. ... CD redirects here. ...


In the UK, a release with more than four distinct tracks or with a playing time of more than 25 minutes is classified as an album for chart purposes.[3]


Anomalies

The Mars Volta ran into problems with their five-track album Frances the Mute before its release; the final 32-minute track, "Cassandra Gemini", was divided into eight semi-arbitrary sections so the band would be paid an album's wages rather than an EPs.[citation needed] Autechre decided to name one of their releases EP7 even though it contained 11 tracks and was over an hour long. On the other hand, Weezer's The Green Album is not considered an EP even though it falls short of half an hour. The Mars Volta is an American progressive rock group founded by Cedric Bixler-Zavala and Omar Rodríguez-López in 2001. ... Frances the Mute is the second studio album by progressive rock band The Mars Volta released in the US on March 1, 2005. ... Autechre is an English electronic music group consisting of Rob Brown (born c. ... EP7, released by Warp Records in 1999, is an EP by the electronic music group Autechre. ... For the albums, see Weezer (1994 album) and Weezer (2001 album). ... Weezer, almost always referred to as The Green Album, is a 2001 album by the band Weezer. ...


Some artists, especially in the days of vinyl, have released full-length albums that could fit the definition of a modern-day EP. Conversely, there are EPs that are long enough to be albums. Marilyn Manson's Smells Like Children for example, which is 54 minutes long and Estradasphere's The Silent Elk of Yesterday clocks in at 74 minutes, as does Harbinger of Metal by Reverend Bizarre and The Bird and the Bee Sides by Relient K This is particularly the case with the rare double EP, which contains two discs. The 5 track "Tulimyrsky EP" by Finnish Viking Metal band Moonsorrow is counted as an EP even though it clocks in at 1:08:18 (the title track alone is 30 minutes long) simply because ir contains two cover versions; "For Whom The Bells Toll" by Metallica and "Back To North" by Merciless. Marilyn Manson is an American metal band based in Los Angeles, California. ... Smells Like Children is a 1995 album by band Marilyn Manson. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Silent Elk of Yesterday is an EP by Estradasphere, released in 2001. ... Harbinger of Metal is a 74-minute EP by Finnish doom metal band Reverend Bizarre that was released in 2003. ... Reverend Bizarre was a cult doom metal band from Finland. ... This article is about the Christian rock band. ... A Double extended play (Double EP) is the name typically given to vinyl records or CDs containing two discs that would normally qualify for the name of EP. The name is thus analogous to double album These may be in one of two formats - a pair of 7 discs recorded... Moonsorrow are a folk/pagan metal band formed in Helsinki, Finland in 1995. ... Metallica is a Grammy Award-winning American heavy metal/thrash metal band formed in 1981[1] and has become one of the most commercially successful musical acts of recent decades. ... Merciless is a Swedish death/thrash metal band. ...


There are also some EPs which are even shorter than the standard single. It has become customary in recent years for new bands to release their first release nominally as an "EP" to give it grander connotations than a single. By giving the release a unique name (as opposed to it being named after the lead track on the CD) the band can garner more attention for the other tracks on the CD. Using the example of Arctic Monkeys, by calling their first release Five Minutes with Arctic Monkeys rather than Fake Tales of San Francisco (the first track on the CD) they also put the second track "From The Ritz to the Rubble" in the limelight. Thus, Five Minutes With Arctic Monkeys is more akin to a double-A side than a standard EP. Subsequently, similar releases by other new bands could be described as "triple-A sides" or even "quadruple-A sides". Arctic Monkeys are an English indie rock band from High Green, a suburb of Sheffield. ... Five Minutes with Arctic Monkeys is the debut EP by Sheffield band Arctic Monkeys. ... Fake Tales of San Francisco is a song by Arctic Monkeys originally released on the bands first EP Five Minutes with Arctic Monkeys in May 2005. ... “B-Sides” redirects here. ...


The 7-inch EP in punk rock

The first recordings released by many punk rock bands were released in 7-inch EP format, mainly because the short song nature of the genre made it difficult to create sufficient material to fill an LP. Many such bands also were unsigned, or signed to a minor record label that did not have the funds to release a full length album, particularly by newly formed bands. As many record stores would not sell demo tapes, the 7-inch EP became a standard release for punk rock bands, who could sell them cheaply nationwide, and thus be heard beyond the areas where they performed. These records would vary in length, having anywhere from 2 to as many as 10 or more songs (4 being somewhat of a standard), and occasionally recorded at 33 rpm to lengthen running time (outside of punk rock many people refer to any 7-inch record as a "45", as it has been the standard speed for such records). Some of these recordings would qualify as singles, although this term was sometimes eschewed as being a mainstream design for determining commercial airplay, which did not apply to the vast majority of such bands. The term "single" also had a way of being somewhat dismissive of any tracks other than the primary one, relegating them to B-sides, when many bands, having a 7-inch record as their most significant release, would put all their best songs on the recording. Using the term EP in such cases would be considered technically incorrect, as they were not "extended", and the term "7-inch" became a standard. For bands that went on to achieve commercial success, it was often customary for the original EP tracks to be released later on full-length albums, or to be somehow re-issued in another format. Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Track Listing Submerged -3:09 Subway -1:57 Waiting For Susan -3:03 One Times One Times One -4:25 To Be Free Please -4:02 Handsome Musician -3:32 Fair Weather -3:06 North Main Street -3:31 AIDS -3:26 Your House -2:34 ... A collection of various CD singles In music, a single is a short recording of one or more separate tracks. ... In recorded music, the terms A-side and B-side refer to the two sides of 7 inch vinyl records on which singles have been released since the 1950s. ...


The split 7-inch EP has also been a widespread feature in the genre, in which two bands would release such a record together, each performing on one side. This was a way to cut costs, particularly for self-released EPs, and was often used as a way for a more established band to help promote a promising newer act. Alternately, two bands with friendly relations with each other would release split EPs together. In some countries, split EPs are also used by major record labels to promote two new albums by wholly different artists, usually in the form of radio promos.


In cases where a band has too much content to fit on a 7-inch platter, but not enough for an LP, 10-inch and 12-inch records were utilized, usually at the 45 rpm speed more popular among dance music. Some more modern punk bands have also put out novelty 5-inch records, though due to a very short playing time and higher production cost than 7-inch discs, they are rare and usually utilized by bands with extremely fast songs.


Jukebox EP

In the 1960s and 1970s, record companies released EP versions of long play (LP) albums for use in jukeboxes. These were commonly known as "compact 33s" or "little LPs". They played at 33⅓ rpm and were pressed on 7-inch vinyl. What made them EP-like was the fact that some songs were omitted for time purposes, and the tracks deemed the most popular were left on. A Zodiac jukebox A jukebox is a partially automated music-playing device, usually a coin-operated machine, that can play specially selected songs from self-contained media. ...


See also

In popular music, a concept album is an album which is unified by a theme, which can be instrumental, compositional, narrative, or lyrical (Shuker 2002, p. ... A Double extended play (Double EP) is the name typically given to vinyl records or CDs containing two discs that would normally qualify for the name of EP. The name is thus analogous to double album. ... The videocassette recorder (or VCR, less popularly video tape recorder) is a type of video tape recorder that uses removable cassettes containing magnetic tape to record audio and video from a television broadcast so it can be played back later. ... A 12-inch record (left), a 7-inch record (right), and a CD (above) Two 7 singles (left), two colored 7 singles (middle), and two 7 singles with large spindle holes (right). ... Long play has several meanings. ...

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Strong, Martin C. (2002). The Great Rock Discography, 6th edn.. Canongate. ISBN 1-84195-312-1. 
  2. ^ Official UK Charts Singles Rules
  3. ^ a b Official Rules For Chart Eligibility - Albums
  4. ^ Shuker, Roy (2005). "SINGLES; EPS", Popular Music: The Key Concepts. Routledge, 324. ISBN 041534770X. 

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