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Encyclopedia > Exsanguination

Exsanguination (also known colloquially as bleeding out) is the fatal process of total blood loss. It is most commonly known as "bleeding to death." Human blood smear: a - erythrocytes; b - neutrophil; c - eosinophil; d - lymphocyte. ...


Slaughter of Animals In Meat Industry

Exsanguination is used primarily in the meat industry, as a method of slaughter. Before any incision is made, a device called a captive bolt is used. The device is placed against the skull of the animal, and penetrates to cause tissue destruction in the brain. This incapacitates the animal so that the procedure may take place. Look up Slaughter in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A captive bolt pistol (stunner) is a device used for stunning animals prior to slaughter. ... In animals the brain, or encephalon (Greek for in the head), is the control center of the central nervous system, responsible for thought. ...

While the animal is incapacitated, a knife is fully inserted through the skin just behind the point of the jaw and below the neck bones. From this position the knife is drawn forward severing the jugular vein, carotid artery, and trachea. Properly performed, blood should flow freely with death occurring within a few minutes. Human jaw front view Human jaw left view Human jaw top view The jaw is either of the two opposable structures forming, or near the entrance to, the mouth. ... The jugular veins are veins that bring deoxygenated blood from the head back to the heart via the superior vena cava. ... In human anatomy, the carotid artery is a major artery of the head and neck. ... The trachea (IPA treik-i-a), or windpipe, is a tube extending from the larynx to the bronchi in mammals, and from the pharynx to the syrinx in birds, carrying air to the lungs. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

Beyond the initial cost of purchasing a captive bolt, continued usage of the method is very inexpensive. The animal is incapacitated for the duration of the procedure, so it is one of the safest methods for the slaughterer.

Slaughter by exsanguination is mandated by Judaic kashrut and Islamic halal dietary laws. However, the captive bolt is forbidden in both religions. Some feel this causes additional suffering, as the animal isn't stunned first. The opposing view, however, is that this causes less suffering due to the immediate drop of blood pressure in the brain causing loss of consciousness within a few seconds (although death may, as stated above, take longer). It is therefore a matter of debate whether losing consciousness this way, or by the captive bolt (or electrocution) is more humane. Look up kosher in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

Cause of human death

Exsanguination is a relatively uncommon and dramatic cause of death in humans. It might be more precise to say that exsanguination is a mode of death rather than a cause, since the fact of exsanguination will have some underlying cause.

Trauma (injury) can cause exsanguination if bleeding is not stymied. It is the most common cause of deaths on the battlefield (though the most common cause of death from battle is infection).

Patients can also develop catastrophic internal hemorrhages, such as from a bleeding peptic ulcer, which can cause exsanguination even without any external bleeding. It is a relatively common cause of unexpected, sudden death in patients who seemed previously well. A benign gastric ulcer (from the antrum) of a gastrectomy specimen. ...

Alcoholics can also suffer from exsanguination. Thin-walled dilated veins just below the lower esophageal mucosa called esophageal varices may ulcerate or be torn ("Mallory-Weiss syndrome") during the violent retching of the alcoholic leading to massive bleeding and sometimes exsanguination. Mallory-Weiss Syndrome refers to bleeding from tears in the mucosa at the junction of the stomach and esophagus, usually caused by severe retching, coughing, or vomiting. ...

Self Injury.


Exsanguination is also the name of a song by the punk band, AFI, from the album, Black Sails in the Sunset. AFI, in recent years short for A Fire Inside, is an American band from Ukiah, California. ...

See also

  Results from FactBites:
Exsanguination (214 words)
nce the animal has been rendered unconscious, exsanguination procedures should be initiated to ensure death using a pointed, very sharp knife with a rigid blade at least 6 inches in length.
As indicated previously, exsanguination procedures are required with the use of penetrating captive bolt.
Alternatively, one may sever the brachial vasculature by lifting a front leg and inserting the knife deeply into the axillary area at the point of the elbow and cutting the skin, blood vessels, and surrounding tissue until the limb can be laid back away from the thorax of the animal.
Exsanguination - definition of Exsanguination in Encyclopedia (240 words)
Exsanguination is performed with a sharp, pointed knife, about half a foot long.
Slaughter by exsanguination is mandated by Judaic kosher and Islamic halal dietary laws.
Exsanguination is also a cause of human death where injuries which rupture any major blood vessel lead to rapid blood loss which cannot be rapidly treated.
  More results at FactBites »



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