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Encyclopedia > Expulsion of Muslims from Jaffna

Sri Lankan Conflict Combatants Military of Sri Lanka Indian Peace Keeping Force Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam Commanders Junius Richard Jayawardene (1983-89) Ranasinghe Premadasa (1989-93) Dingiri Banda Wijetunge (1993-94) Chandrika Kumaratunga (1994-2005) Mahinda Rajapaksa (2005-present) Velupillai Prabhakaran (1983-present) Strength 111,000[1] 11,000[1] The Sri...

Background
Sri Lanka • History of Sri Lanka
Origins of the Civil War
Origins of the Civil War
Black JulyRiots and pogroms
Human rightsState terrorism
Tamil militant groups
LTTE
LTTENotable attacks Terrorist attacksAttributed assassinationsChild soldiers
Expulsion of Muslims from Jaffna
Major figures
Mahinda Rajapakse
Velupillai Prabhakaran
Karuna Amman
Sarath Fonseka
Indian Involvement
Operation Poomalai
Indo-Sri Lanka Accord
Indian Peace Keeping Force
Rajiv GandhiRAW
See also
Military of Sri Lanka
TMVPEPDP
Notable assassinations
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The expulsion of the Muslims from Jaffna by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) in October 1990 was a particularly unethical, controversial act of terror and ethnic cleansing in the Sri Lankan civil war. Tensions between the LTTE and the Sri Lankan Muslim community had been building for years. Despite the fact that most are Tamil-speaking, the Muslims or Moors are regarded as a separate ethnic community by the Hindu and Christian Tamils, as they mainly trace their ancestry to a mixture between Arabs from the Middle East and Sinhala and Tamil women from the Eastern sea-board. There is also a community of Sinhalese-Speaking Muslims in the central highlands - a mixture between medieval Arab traders and high-caste Sinhalese women. However this community was not affected by the war. Muslims have generally not been supportive of the idea of a separate state of Tamil Eelam due to ethnic chauvinism by the LTTE.[1] Image File history File links Flag_of_Sri_Lanka. ... The recorded History of Sri Lanka is usually taken to begin in the 6th century BCE, when the Indo-Aryan people migrated into the island from India. ... The origins of the Sri Lankan civil war lie in sharp disagreements over language, access to universities, and riots between Sri Lankas majority Sinhalese and minority Tamil community. ... Location of Sri Lanka Black July is the commonly used name of the pogroms starting in Sri Lanka on July 23, 1983. ... Following is a List of riots and pogroms in Sri Lanka. ... The situation of human rights in Sri Lanka is generally considered to be very poor[1]. Major human rights groups such as Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch have repeatedly expressed concern about the states of human rights in Sri Lanka. ... Several groups have alleged that there have been instances of state terrorism by Sri Lanka. ... Sri Lankan Tamil militant groups rose to prominence in the 1970s to fight the state of Sri Lanka to create an independent Tamil Eelam. ... Tamil Tigers emblem The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), also known as the Tamil Tigers, is a military and political organization that has waged a violent secessionist campaign against the Sri Lankan Government since the 1970s in order to secure independence for the Tamil portions of Sri Lanka. ... LTTE is a rebel group active in Sri Lanka that is banned as a terrorist group by 29 countries. ... The following is a list of terrorist attacks attributed to the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (commonly known as the Tamil Tigers or simply the LTTE). ... Assassinations, murders and wholesale massacres of civilians in Sri Lanka have become an internationally recognized problem since the inception of the Sri Lankan civil war since 1983. ... Military use of children in Sri Lanka has been an internationally recognized problem since the inception of the Sri Lankan civil war in 1983. ... Mahinda Rajapaksa Mahinda Rajapaksa (born November 18, 1945), Sri Lankan politician, became Prime Minister of Sri Lanka on April 6, 2004, following the victory of the United Peoples Freedom Alliance in the April 2, 2004 Sri Lankan legislative elections. ... Velupillai Prabhakaran (Tamil: வேலுப்பிள்ளை பிரபாகரன்; born November 26, 1954), sometimes referred to as V. Prabhakaran or Pirabaharan or as Thambi,[] was born in the northern coastal town of Velvettithurai, Sri Lanka to Thiruvenkadam Velupillai and Vallipuram Parvathy. ... Karuna Amman was the second highest commanding officer of the LTTE who broke away due to Tigers attacks on civilians in Batticaloa, corruption within LTTE and the recruitment of child soldiers. ... Category: ... Operation Poomalai or Eagle Mission 4 was the codename assigned to a mercy mission undertaken by the Indian Air Force to airdrop humanitarian relief supplies over the town of Jaffna and Jaffna Peninsula on 4 June 1987. ... Indo-Sri Lanka Peace Accord was signed on July 29, 1987, was signed by Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi and President J.R. Jayewardene, the Sri Lankan Government made a number of concessions to Tamil demands, which included devolution of power to the provinces, merger--subject to later referendum--of... Indian Peace Keeping Force (IPKF), was the Indian military contingent performing a peacekeeping operation in Sri Lanka between 1987 and 1990. ... Rājiv Ratna GāndhÄ« (DevanāgarÄ«: राजीव रत्न गान्धी, IPA: ) (August 20, 1944 – May 21, 1991), the eldest son of Indira and Feroze Gandhi, was the 9th Prime Minister of India (and the 3rd from the Gandhi family) from his mothers death on 31 October 1984 until his resignation on December... Research and Analysis Wing (R&AW)[1] is Indias external intelligence agency. ... The Military of Sri Lanka consists of Three Branches which are the Army, Navy, Air Force. ... தமிழீழ மக்கள் விடுதலைப்புலிகள், Tamileela Makkal Viduthalai Pulikal or in English Tamileela Peoples Liberation Tigers, a political party and Para-military group formed in 2004 by break-away LTTE Military Head of Batticaloa district V. Muralitharan (Colonel Karuna). ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Assassinations, murders and massacres of civilians in Sri Lanka have become an internationally recognized problem since the inception of the Sri Lankan civil war since 1983. ... This article is becoming very long. ... Look up October in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ... Terror is a pronounced state of fear, an overwhelming sense of imminent danger. ... Armenian civilians, being cleansed from their homeland during the Armenian Genocide. ... Combatants Military of Sri Lanka Indian Peace Keeping Force Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam Commanders Junius Richard Jayawardene (1983-89) Ranasinghe Premadasa (1989-93) Dingiri Banda Wijetunge (1993-94) Chandrika Kumaratunga (1994-2005) Mahinda Rajapaksa (2005-present) Velupillai Prabhakaran (1983-present) Strength 111,000[1] 11,000[1] The Sri... Mosque in Galle, Sri Lanka Muslims, who make up approximately 7 percent of the population, comprise a group of minorities practicing the religion of Islam in Sri Lanka. ... Tamil ( ; IPA ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamils in India and Sri Lanka, with smaller communities of speakers in many other countries. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Sri Lankan Tamils also known as Eelam Tamils, Ceylonese or Ceylon Tamils and Jaffna Tamils are today a trans-national minority, and are Tamil people from Sri Lanka. ... Anthem: Political status      Unrecognized de facto quasi-independent state Languages      Tamil (de facto official) English Capital Trincomalee President Velupillai Prabhakaran[1] Independence (from Sri Lanka) No official declaration   Area           19,509 km² claimed[2] 6,600–9,750 km² administered (40–50% of claimed area) Population (of claimed area) 3... This article is becoming very long. ...



In the mid-1980s there had been a few Muslim cadres in the LTTE, but all of them had deserted or had gone to the government's side as they realized the LTTE's Anti-Muslim ideology. A total of the die-hard 900 remaining Muslim LTTE cadres had been disarmed and summarily executed by the LTTE before it expelled the Muslims from Jaffna. The government then armed Muslim Home Guard units in the Eastern Province to protect the Muslim community from further acts of terrorism and ethnic cleansing by the LTTE. This move resulted in the deaths of hundreds of LTTE cadres.[1] This article is becoming very long. ... The East Province (French Province de lEst) occupies the southeastern portion of the Republic of Cameroon. ... Terrorist redirects here. ... Armenian civilians, being cleansed from their homeland during the Armenian Genocide. ...


The LTTE evicted Muslims from the northern areas of Sri Lanka to reportedly avenge the alleged involvement of disproportionate Tamil-Muslim criminal elements in the Black July pogrom. Ethnic cleansing of Tamils by Tamil-Muslims from Weli Oya and the anti-Tamil disturbances by the Muslims in the East in the mid-1980s were also given as reasons. However it is widely known that the LTTE were Anti-Islamic from its conception. The series of incidents are documented in several reports issued by the University Teachers of Human Rights (Jaffna). Although nearly all Muslim violence had taken place in Eastern Province, it was in the Northern Province where this brutal act of ethnic cleansing took place.[1] Location of Sri Lanka Black July is the commonly used name of the pogroms starting in Sri Lanka on July 23, 1983. ... Northern Province may refer to: North Province, Cameroon Northern Province, Sri Lanka Northern Province, Papua New Guinea Northern Province, Zambia Limpopo Province, South Africa, formerly named Northern Transvaal Northern Cape Province, South Africa, in line with reference to the former Cape Province as simply The Province, particularly in rugby. ... Armenian civilians, being cleansed from their homeland during the Armenian Genocide. ...


The first expulsion was in Chavakacheri, of 1,500 people. After this, Muslims in Kilinochchi and Mannar were ethnically cleansed forcing many to leave their homeland. The turn of Jaffna came on October 30, 1987; when LTTE trucks drove through the streets ordering Muslim families to assemble at Osmania College. There, they were told to exit the city within two hours. They could take with them only the clothes they were wearing and no more than 50 rupees in cash. Their houses were subsequently looted by the LTTE. In total more than 78,000 Muslims were expelled.[1] Most of the Muslims were resettled in Puttalam district, though the Jaffna Muslim refugees can be found in other parts of Sri Lanka as well. Stripped of their money, property and dignity, most descended into absolute poverty and even today most of Sri Lanka's beggars are disproportionately Jaffna-Muslims.[1] shops were closed for holiday Chavakacheri (Tamilசாவகச்சேரி) is a small town in the Jaffna peninsula of Sri Lanka which has been badly devastated in the Sri Lankan civil war. ... Kilinochchi District. ... Mannar is a district of Sri Lanka. ... Jaffna District. ... Puttalam is a district situated near to the west coast of Sri Lanka. ...



The expulsion still carries bitter memories amongst Sri Lanka's Muslims. In 2002, the LTTE leader Vellupillai Prabhakaran had formally apologized for the expulsion of Muslims from the North. There has been a stream of Muslims travelling to and from Jaffna after the ceasefire. Some families have returned and the re-opened Osmaniya College now has 60 students on roll. Two Mosques are functioning again. According to a Jaffna Muslim source there is a floating ppulation of about 2000 Muslims in Jaffna at any given time. Around 1500 are Jaffna Muslims while the rest are Muslim traders from other areas. About 10 Muslim shops are functioning and the numbers have thought to have grown.ref name=ex1> D.B.S., JEYARAJ. Expulsion of Muslims from Jaffna. Retrieved on 2006-04-30. </ref> [2] ref name=ex1> D.B.S., JEYARAJ. Expulsion of Muslims from Jaffna. Retrieved on 2006-04-30. </ref> This article is becoming very long. ... This article is becoming very long. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... April 30 is the 120th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (121st in leap years), with 245 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... April 30 is the 120th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (121st in leap years), with 245 days remaining. ...


See also

This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... LTTE is an acronym or initialism for: Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam Known for their guerilla warfare forcibly killing every other independent groups aiming for seperate state. ...

References

  1. ^ a b c d e D.B.S., JEYARAJ. Expulsion of Muslims from Jaffna. Retrieved on 2006-04-30.
  2. ^ Hindu On Net. A timely and prudent step by the LTTE. Retrieved on 2006-04-30.

For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... April 30 is the 120th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (121st in leap years), with 245 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... April 30 is the 120th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (121st in leap years), with 245 days remaining. ...

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