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Encyclopedia > Expressways of China
Chinese expressway, complete with signage. Shown here is the G106 (Jingkai Expressway section) in south Beijing. (Summer 2004 image)
Chinese expressway, complete with signage. Shown here is the G106 (Jingkai Expressway section) in south Beijing. (Summer 2004 image)
G030 (Jingshi Expressway section) after Zhaoxindian/Changxindian exit (Early July 2004 image)
G030 (Jingshi Expressway section) after Zhaoxindian/Changxindian exit (Early July 2004 image)
Expressway road sign in Shanghai
Expressway road sign in Shanghai
This article is about the expressways of mainland China. See also: List of roads and streets in Hong Kong, List of roads in Macau, Highway System in Taiwan for expressways in these respective regions.

The Expressway Network of the People's Republic of China is one of the longest in the world. The network is also known as National Trunk Highway System (NTHS). The total length of China's expressways is about 45,400 km at the end of 2006 [1],[2],[3], the world's second longest only after the United States and roughly equals that in Canada, Germany, and France combined. In the last four years, about 4800 km of expressways were added each year on average. Chinese expressway. ... Chinese expressway. ... The Jingkai Expressway (京开高速公路, Hanyu Pinyin: Jīngkāi Gāosù Gōnglù) is an expressway in China which links Beijing to Kaifeng. ... Peking redirects here. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Central_Jingshi_Expressway9. ... Image File history File links Central_Jingshi_Expressway9. ... The Jingshi Expressway (Chinese: 京石高速公路; pinyin: ; or Jingshi Freeway, as it was formerly known) is an expressway in China which links Beijing to the Shijiazhuang. ... 2004 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December See also: July 2004 in sports Deaths in July • 31 David B. Haight • 29 Francis Crick • 29 Nafisa Joseph • 23 Joe Cahill • 23 Mehmood • 23 Illinois Jacquet • 23 Carlos Paredes... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (768x1024, 367 KB) Summary Photo by Xia Ming, CC license. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (768x1024, 367 KB) Summary Photo by Xia Ming, CC license. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... ... Here is a partial list of expressways, tunnels, bridges, roads, avenues, streets, crescents, squares, bazaars, etc in Hong Kong. ... A list of major roads in Macau: Macau Peninsula * Rua da Papaia * Patio dos Cules * Rua Central * Rua da Madeira * Rua da Grunta * Rua do Patane * Rua do Campo * Ramal dos Mouros * Rue de Madrid * Rua de Roma * Rua de Paris * Rud de Pequim * Rua Sul do Patane * Avenida Doutor... Highways in Taiwan, Republic of China are classified into four types: National Highway: 1 - 10 Provincial Highway: 1 - 28, 61 - 88 County Highway: 101 - 205 Township Highway // The numbering system As a general rule, the odd numbers represent north-south highways and even numbers represent east-west. ... A typical expressway in Santa Clara County, California. ...


Expressways in China are a fairly recent addition to a complicated network of roads. China did not have an inch of expressways before 1988. Until 1993, very few expressways existed. One of the earliest expressways nationwide was the Jingshi Expressway between Beijing and Shijiazhuang in Hebei province. This expressway now forms part of the Jingzhu Expressway, currently the longest expressway nationwide at over 2,000 km. Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... The Jingshi Expressway (Chinese: 京石高速公路; pinyin: ; or Jingshi Freeway, as it was formerly known) is an expressway in China which links Beijing to the Shijiazhuang. ... Peking redirects here. ... Website: http://www. ... Hebei (Chinese: 河北; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ho-pei; Postal System Pinyin: Hopeh) is a northern province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Jingzhu Expressway is the first completed north-south expressway in the Peoples Republic of China, starting from Beijing and ending in Zhuhai, on the border with the Macao SAR. The Jingzhu Expressway is formed mainly by the main trunk route from Beijing to Shijiazhuang (Jingshi Expressway), and by...

Contents

History

Originally, China had been carrying out an ambitious plan to build up a 35,000 kilometer national trunk highway system before 2010. The main objective of the NTHS was to construct 12 high standard trunk roads, comprised of 5 longitudinal roads and 7 latitudinal roads. A kilometer (Commonwealth spelling: kilometre), symbol: km is a unit of length in the metric system equal to 1,000 metres (from the Greek words χίλια (khilia) = thousand and μέτρο (metro) = count/measure). ... A trunk road, trunk highway, or strategic road is a major road, usually connecting one or more cities, ports, airports etc, which is the recommended route for long-distance and freight traffic. ... 2010 (MMX) will be a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Longitude is the east-west geographic coordinate measurement most commonly utilized in cartography and global navigation. ... This article is about the geographical term. ...


However, by the end of 2005, there were already 1.9 million km of highways,[1] which includes 41,000 km (25,480 miles) of expressways.[2][3] On January 13, 2005, it was announced by Zhang Chunxian, minister of communications, that China will build a network of 85,000 km expressways over the next three decades, connecting all provincial capitals and cities with a population of over 200,000. Of this total length, 68,000 km are trunk roads and 17,000 km are 5 regional ring roads. There are also 2 parallel routes and more than 30 connecting links. 32,000 km of expressway are to be built in central and western regions. January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Construction of expressways began in 1988 and the network is scheduled to be complete in 2020. The scale of the project can be seen by the fact that on January 1, 1989, the PRC had 147 km of freeways, but by January 1, 2007, it had 45,600 km of freeway, 4,400 km of which were built in 2006. Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... 2020 (MMXX) will be a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The express highway system is set to expand to 65,000 km by 2010, 85,000 km by 2020, 120,000 km by 2030, and 175,000 km by 2050. 2010 (MMX) will be a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2050 (MML) will be a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Costs

The total costs of the national expressway network will be 2 trillion yuan (some 240 billion US dollars). From 2005 to 2010, the annual investment will run from 140 billion yuan (17 billion US dollars) to 150 billion yuan (18 billion US dollars), while from 2010 to 2020, the annual investment will be around 100 billion yuan (12 billion US dollars). CNY and RMB redirect here. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... CNY and RMB redirect here. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... CNY and RMB redirect here. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... 2020 (MMXX) will be a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... CNY and RMB redirect here. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ...


The construction fund will come from vehicle purchase tax, fees and taxes collected by local governments, state bonds, domestic investment and foreign investment. Unlike other freeway systems, almost all of the roads on the NTHS/"7918 Network" are toll roads that are largely financed by private companies under contract from provincial governments. The private companies raise money through bond and stock offerings and recover money through tolls. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... For alternative meanings, see bond (a disambiguation page). ... For other uses, see Stock (disambiguation). ...


Efforts to impose a national gasoline tax to finance construction of the tollways met with opposition and it has been very difficult for both the Communist Party of China and the State Council to pass such a tax through the National People's Congress of China. Tax rates around the world Tax revenue as % of GDP Economic policy Monetary policy Central bank   Money supply Fiscal policy Spending   Deficit   Debt Trade policy Tariff   Trade agreement Finance Financial market Financial market participants Corporate   Personal Public   Banking   Regulation        A fuel tax (also known as a petrol tax, gasoline tax... The Communist Party of China (CPC) (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), also known as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the ruling political party of the Peoples Republic of China, a position guaranteed by the countrys constitution. ... The State Council (国务院, pinyin: Guówùyuàn), which is largely synonymous with the Central Peoples Government (中央人民政府), is the chief administrative authority of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Great Hall of the People, where the NPC convenes The National Peoples Congress (全国人民代表大会 in Pinyin: Quánguó Rénmín DàibiÇŽo Dàhuì, literally Pan-Nation Congress of the Peoples Representatives), abbreviated NPC (人大, Pinyin Réndà), is the highest legislative body in the Peoples...


Expressway nomenclature

An old signpost refers the Jingshi Expressway as the Jingshi Freeway, thus hinting at its previous nomenclature. (Summer 2004 image)
An old signpost refers the Jingshi Expressway as the Jingshi Freeway, thus hinting at its previous nomenclature. (Summer 2004 image)

Neither officially named "motorway" nor "highway," the PRC used to call these roads "freeways". In this sense, the word "free" means that the traffic is free-flowing; that is, cross traffic is grade separated and the traffic on the freeway is not impeded by traffic control devices like traffic lights and stop signs. However, many misinterpret "free" as meaning "no cost", and this may be misleading because most of the expressways charge tolls. Sometime in the 1990s, "expressways" became the standardised term. Image File history File linksMetadata Jingshi_Freeway_Signpost. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Jingshi_Freeway_Signpost. ... The Jingshi Expressway (Chinese: 京石高速公路; pinyin: ; or Jingshi Freeway, as it was formerly known) is an expressway in China which links Beijing to the Shijiazhuang. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... An example of a four-level stack interchange in the Netherlands. ... “Traffic Signal” redirects here. ... Stop sign used in English-speaking countries, as well as in the European Union Former British stop sign consisting of red Give Way triangle inside a circle. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ...


Note that "highways" refers to China National Highways, which are not expressways at all. The China National Highways are a series of trunk roads throughout all of China. ...


"Express routes" exist too; they are akin to expressways but are mainly inside cities. The "express route" name is a derivation of the Chinese name kuaisu gonglu (compare with expressway, gaosu gonglu). Officially, "expressway" is used for both expressways and express routes, which is also the standard used here.


Expressway Network Expressways in China mainly radiate from Beijing, but also from area to area. Beijing currently has nine expressways radiating from the city centre (see Expressways of Beijing for more); at least two more are planned. Peking redirects here. ... The Jingcheng Expressway near Gaoliying (July 2004 image) The Jingha Expressway (July 2004 image) The Jingshi Expressway (July 2004 image) The Airport Expressway near the toll gate (July 2004 image) The Jingkai Expressway near the Southern 4th Ring Road (October 2004 image) Beijing was first linked to outside areas by...


Expressway speed limits

The Road Traffic Safety Law of the People's Republic of China has raised the speed limit nationwide from 110 km/h to 120 km/h, effective May 1, 2004. It may still take some time for local expressways to raise the speed limit accordingly. The Road Traffic Safety Law of the Peoples Republic of China (中华人民共和国道路交通安全法) is a law which was passed by the National Peoples Congress of the Peoples Republic of China on October 28, 2003, promulgated... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


A minimum speed limit is in force: the minimum is 70 km/h. On overtaking lanes, however, this could be as high as 100 km/h to 110 km/h. Penalties for driving both below and in excess of the prescribed speed limits are in force.


Expressway legislation

Only motor vehicles are allowed to enter expressways. As of May 1, 2004, "new drivers" (i.e., those with a PRC driver's licence for less than a year) are allowed on the expressways, something that was prohibited from the mid-1990s. is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Current EU driving licence, German version - front 1. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ...


Overtaking on the right, speeding, and illegal use of the emergency belt (or hard shoulder) cost violators stiff penalties. Surprisingly, the overtaking on the right regulation is flaunted with alarming frequency. A hard shoulder or simply shoulder is a reserved area alongside the verge of a road or motorway. ...


Expressway signage

Chinese expressway distances road sign. Shown here are some connections to the Expressways of Beijing in eastern Beijing. (Spring 2003 image)
Chinese expressway distances road sign. Shown here are some connections to the Expressways of Beijing in eastern Beijing. (Spring 2003 image)
Chinese expressway exit announcement sign. Shown here is an exit sign 20 km ahead on the Jingshen Expressway. (Summer 2004 image)
Chinese expressway exit announcement sign. Shown here is an exit sign 20 km ahead on the Jingshen Expressway. (Summer 2004 image)
Chinese expressway exit sign (older version). Shown here is an exit sign to Liangxiang Airport in southwestern Beijing on the Jingshi Expressway. (Summer 2004 image)
Chinese expressway exit sign (older version). Shown here is an exit sign to Liangxiang Airport in southwestern Beijing on the Jingshi Expressway. (Summer 2004 image)

Expressways in China are signposted in both Simplified Chinese and English (except for parts of the Jingshi Expressway, which relies fully on Chinese characters). This sharply reduces the language barrier; however, very few toll officials at toll gates speak English. Chinese expressway distance sign. ... Chinese expressway distance sign. ... The Jingcheng Expressway near Gaoliying (July 2004 image) The Jingha Expressway (July 2004 image) The Jingshi Expressway (July 2004 image) The Airport Expressway near the toll gate (July 2004 image) The Jingkai Expressway near the Southern 4th Ring Road (October 2004 image) Beijing was first linked to outside areas by... Peking redirects here. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File linksMetadata NextExit_CNExpwy. ... Image File history File linksMetadata NextExit_CNExpwy. ... Jingshen Expressway (Beijing segment, taken in July of 2004) Jingshen Expressway (Tianjin segment, taken in July of 2004) The Jingshen Expressway (Hanyu Pinyin: Jingshen Gaosu Gonglu) is an expressway in China which links Beijing to Shenyang. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Chinese expressway exit sign (old). ... Chinese expressway exit sign (old). ... Peking redirects here. ... The Jingshi Expressway (Chinese: 京石高速公路; pinyin: ; or Jingshi Freeway, as it was formerly known) is an expressway in China which links Beijing to the Shijiazhuang. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The Jingshi Expressway (Chinese: 京石高速公路; pinyin: ; or Jingshi Freeway, as it was formerly known) is an expressway in China which links Beijing to the Shijiazhuang. ... Technical note: Due to technical limitations, some web browsers may not display some special characters in this article. ...


The signs on Chinese expressways use white lettering on a green background, like Japanese highways, Swiss Autobahns and U.S. freeways, but unlike freeways in Germany, France, Austria and the United Kingdom. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the German, Austrian and Swiss road system. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... For specific systems, such as the Autobahns of Germany, see list of highway systems with full control of access and no cross traffic. ...


Exits are well signposted, with signs far ahead of exits. There are frequent signs that announce the next three exits. At each exit, there is a sign with the distance to the next exit. Exit signs are also posted 3000 m, 2000 m, 1000 m, and 500 m ahead of the exit, immediately before the exit, and at the exit itself.


Service areas and refreshment areas are standard on some of the older, more established expressways, and are expanding in number. Gas stations are frequent.


Signs indicate exits, toll gates, service/refreshment areas, intersections, and also warn about keeping a fair distance apart. "Distance checks" are commonplace; the idea here is to keep the two second rule (or, as PRC law requires, at least a 100 m distance between cars). Speed checks and speed traps are often signposted (in fact, on the Jingshen Expressway in the Beijing section, even the cameras have a warning sign above them), but some may just be scarecrow signs. Signs urging drivers to slow down, warning about hilly terrain, banning driving in emergency lanes, or about different road surfaces are also present. Also appearing from time to time are signs signaling the overtaking lane (which legally should only be used to pass other cars). Although most English signs are comprehensible, occasionally the English is garbled. Jingshen Expressway (Beijing segment, taken in July of 2004) Jingshen Expressway (Tianjin segment, taken in July of 2004) The Jingshen Expressway (Hanyu Pinyin: Jingshen Gaosu Gonglu) is an expressway in China which links Beijing to Shenyang. ... Peking redirects here. ... An example of written chinglish on a signpost. ...


Some, if not most, expressways have digital displays. These displays may advise against speeding, indicate upcoming road construction, warn of traffic jams, or alert drivers to rain. Recommended detours are also signaled. The great majority of messages are in Chinese rather than English, however.


Expressway exit numbering

Most, if not all Chinese expressways are fitted with exit numbering systems. This system is used nationwide, and often begins at No. 1 (at one of the expressway's starting points). It is not perfect, however: the Jingshi Expressway's numbering system is ridden with chaos. The Jingshi Expressway (Chinese: 京石高速公路; pinyin: ; or Jingshi Freeway, as it was formerly known) is an expressway in China which links Beijing to the Shijiazhuang. ...


A rare exit number zero (nought) is seen only after the Jingshi Expressway enters Hebei. The Jingshi Expressway (Chinese: 京石高速公路; pinyin: ; or Jingshi Freeway, as it was formerly known) is an expressway in China which links Beijing to the Shijiazhuang. ... Hebei (Chinese: 河北; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ho-pei; Postal System Pinyin: Hopeh) is a northern province of the Peoples Republic of China. ...


Some exits have sub-exits (e.g. No. 14A, 14B, etc...).


Exit numbering has been standard from virtually day one, while some other nations are just catching on (e.g. Switzerland only in 2002). Also see: 2002 (number). ...


Expressway tolls and financing

Chinese expressway toll gate. Shown here is the Dujiakan toll gate on the Jingshi Expressway in southwest Beijing. (Summer 2004 image)
Chinese expressway toll gate. Shown here is the Dujiakan toll gate on the Jingshi Expressway in southwest Beijing. (Summer 2004 image)

Nearly all expressways charge tolls. Tolls are roughly around CNY 0.5 per kilometre, and minimum rates (e.g. CNY 5) usually apply regardless of distance. However, some are more expensive (the Jinji Expressway costs around CNY 0.66 per kilometre) and some are less expensive (the Jingshi Expressway in Beijing costs around CNY 0.33 per kilometre). It is noteworthy that cheaper expressways do not necessarily mean poorer roads or a greater risk of traffic congestion. Chinese expressway toll gate. ... Chinese expressway toll gate. ... The Jingshi Expressway (Chinese: 京石高速公路; pinyin: ; or Jingshi Freeway, as it was formerly known) is an expressway in China which links Beijing to the Shijiazhuang. ... Peking redirects here. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... CNY is a Three-Letter Acronym or Abbreviation (TLA), the uses of which include: CNY, the ISO 4217 abbreviation for Renminbi, the legal tender of the Peoples Republic of China. ... CNY is a Three-Letter Acronym or Abbreviation (TLA), the uses of which include: CNY, the ISO 4217 abbreviation for Renminbi, the legal tender of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Opened in late September 2003, just days before October 1 - Chinas National Day holiday - the Jinji Expressway runs entirely within Tianjin, and links Tianjin city in the south with Ji County in the north. ... CNY is a Three-Letter Acronym or Abbreviation (TLA), the uses of which include: CNY, the ISO 4217 abbreviation for Renminbi, the legal tender of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Jingshi Expressway (Chinese: 京石高速公路; pinyin: ; or Jingshi Freeway, as it was formerly known) is an expressway in China which links Beijing to the Shijiazhuang. ... Peking redirects here. ... CNY is a Three-Letter Acronym or Abbreviation (TLA), the uses of which include: CNY, the ISO 4217 abbreviation for Renminbi, the legal tender of the Peoples Republic of China. ...

Chinese expressway toll charges table. In many jurisdictions it is legally required that charges be openly disclosed. Shown here is the toll charges table at Doudian exit on the Jingshi Expressway in southwest Beijing. (Autumn 2004 image)
Chinese expressway toll charges table. In many jurisdictions it is legally required that charges be openly disclosed. Shown here is the toll charges table at Doudian exit on the Jingshi Expressway in southwest Beijing. (Autumn 2004 image)

Expressway planning is performed by the Ministry of Transportation of the People's Republic of China. Unlike the road networks in most nations, most Chinese expressways are not directly owned by the state, but rather are owned by for-profit corporations (which have varying amounts of public and private ownership) which borrow money from banks or securities markets based on revenue from projected tollways. One reason for this is that Chinese provinces, which are responsible for road building, have extremely limited powers to tax and even fewer powers to borrow. Image File history File linksMetadata PRCExpwy_TollCharges. ... Image File history File linksMetadata PRCExpwy_TollCharges. ... The Jingshi Expressway (Chinese: 京石高速公路; pinyin: ; or Jingshi Freeway, as it was formerly known) is an expressway in China which links Beijing to the Shijiazhuang. ... Peking redirects here. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Expressway construction has also been one of the rare instances in which the Communist Party of China and the State Council has had to back down on a major policy initiative. During the late-1990's, there were proposals to fund public highways by means of a fuel tax, but this was voted down by the National People's Congress. The Communist Party of China (CPC) (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), also known as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the ruling political party of the Peoples Republic of China, a position guaranteed by the countrys constitution. ... Tax rates around the world Tax revenue as % of GDP Economic policy Monetary policy Central bank   Money supply Fiscal policy Spending   Deficit   Debt Trade policy Tariff   Trade agreement Finance Financial market Financial market participants Corporate   Personal Public   Banking   Regulation        A fuel tax (also known as a petrol tax, gasoline tax... The Great Hall of the People, where the NPC convenes The National Peoples Congress (全国人民代表大会 in Pinyin: Quánguó Rénmín Dàibiǎo Dàhuì, literally Pan-Nation Congress of the Peoples Representatives), abbreviated PNCOTPR, is the highest...


Toll methods

Most expressways use a card system. Upon entrance to an expressway (or to a toll portion of the expressway), an entry card is handed over to the driver. The tolls to be paid are determined from the distance traveled when the driver hands the entry card back to the exit toll gate upon leaving the expressway. A small number of expressways do not use a card system. Passage through these expressways is relatively faster but it is economically less advantageous. An example of such an expressway would be the Jingtong Expressway. Jingtong Expressway between the 4th and 5th Ring Roads (taken in March of 2003) Jingtong Expressway near Shuangqiao (August 2004 image) The Jingtong Expressway (Hanyu Pinyin: Jingtong Kuaisu Gonglu) is an expressway with express road characteristics in Beijing, China which links central Beijing to Tongzhou District. ...


A few expressways use sensor systems, where one sensor is at the toll gate (at a special passageway) and the other is on the passing vehicle.


At present, only cash is accepted as payment for tolls.latter, maybe credit card can be used.


List of expressways in China

Municipalities: All expressways are ordered by direction (starting from the north, in west-to-east direction).
Other Regions: All expressways are ordered alphabetically.


Radiating out from Beijing

Peking redirects here. ... The Jingcheng Expressway near Gaoliying (July 2004 image) The Jingha Expressway (July 2004 image) The Jingshi Expressway (July 2004 image) The Airport Expressway near the toll gate (July 2004 image) The Jingkai Expressway near the Southern 4th Ring Road (October 2004 image) Beijing was first linked to outside areas by...

Existing expressways

(Jingda Expressway (Madian - Datong (Shanxi))
(Jinghu Expressway (Beijing - Shanghai)
(Jingzhu Expressway (Liuliqiao - Zhuhai (Guangdong))

The Badaling Expressway (Simplified Chinese: 八达岭高速公路, Traditional Chinese: 八達嶺高速公路, Hanyu Pinyin: Bādálíng Gāosù Gōnglù) is an expressway in China which links Beijing to the Badaling stretch of the Great Wall of China. ... Madian node and bridge Madian is a transportation node in Beijing. ... The Jingda Expressway is an expressway in the Peoples Republic of China, starting from Beijing and ending in Datong, in Shanxi province. ... Madian node and bridge Madian is a transportation node in Beijing. ... Alternative meaning: Datong (Taipei City), Datong (Company) Datong (Chinese: 大同, Hanyu Pinyin: Dàtóng, WG: Ta-tung) is a city in the northern Shanxi Province in China. ... Shanxi (Chinese: 山西; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Shan-hsi; Postal System Pinyin: Shansi) is a province in the northern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Jingcheng Expressway is an expressway in China which links Beijing to Chengde in Hebei province. ... Wanghe Bridge as seen from the 4th Ring Road Wanghe Bridge is an overpass and a nodal point in Beijing. ... Gaoliying -- also home to the northernmost extremity of the Jingcheng Expressway (July 2004 image) Gaoliying in Beijing is a small town just north of the Northern 6th Ring Road. ... Airport Expressway (heading towards the airport, July 2004 image) The old and the new: The Airport Expressway Toll Gate at Xiaotianzhu (August 2004 image) Old Airport Road (August 2004 image) The Airport Expressway (机场高速公路, Hanyu Pinyin: JÄ«chÇŽng Gāosù Gōnglù) is an expressway in Beijing, China, which links... Sanyuanqiao node Sanyuanqiao (or Sanyuan Overpass) is a major overpass on Beijings northeastern stretch of the 3rd Ring Road. ... Beijing Capital International Airport (SEHK: 694),(simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) (IATA: PEK, ICAO: ZBAA) is the main international airport that serves the capital city of Beijing, Peoples Republic of China. ... Jingtong Expressway between the 4th and 5th Ring Roads (taken in March of 2003) Jingtong Expressway near Shuangqiao (August 2004 image) The Jingtong Expressway (Hanyu Pinyin: Jingtong Kuaisu Gonglu) is an expressway with express road characteristics in Beijing, China which links central Beijing to Tongzhou District. ... Dawangqiao is the starting point of the Jingtong Expressway, an express route linking central Beijing to Tongzhou District approximately 15 kilometres to the east. ... Jingha Expressway (Taken in July of 2004) The Jingha Expressway (京哈高速公路, Hanyu Pinyin: Jīnghā Gāosù Gōnglù) is an expressway in China which links Beijing to Harbin. ... // Overview Tongzhou District (Simplified Chinese: 通州区; Traditional Chinese: 通州區; Hanyu Pinyin: Tōngzhōu QÅ«), located in southeast Beijing, is considered as the capitals eastern gate. ... Hebei (Chinese: 河北; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ho-pei; Postal System Pinyin: Hopeh) is a northern province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Jingshen Expressway (Beijing segment, taken in July of 2004) Jingshen Expressway (Tianjin segment, taken in July of 2004) The Jingshen Expressway (Hanyu Pinyin: Jingshen Gaosu Gonglu) is an expressway in China which links Beijing to Shenyang. ... This article is about a city. ...   (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Liáoníng) is a northeastern province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Jingjintang Expressway (Beijing segment, taken in July of 2004) Opened in September of 1993, the Jingjintang expressway, also known simply as the Jingtang expressway, links Beijing via central Tianjin to the Tanggu District in eastern Tianjin. ... Fenzhongsi Fenzhongsi is a transportational node in Beijing. ... Tianjin Economic and Technological Development Area (天津经济技术开发区, TEDA) is an area in Tanggu District in Tianjin. ...   (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Tientsin) is one of the four municipalities of China. ... Over 1000 kilometres in length, the Jinghu Expressway was opened in the early 2000s, and connects Beijing to Shanghai. ... Peking redirects here. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... The Jingkai Expressway (京开高速公路, Hanyu Pinyin: Jīngkāi Gāosù Gōnglù) is an expressway in China which links Beijing to Kaifeng. ... Yuquanying Yuquanying is a major traffic intersection in Beijing, linking the Jingkai Expressway with the southern part of the 3rd Ring Road. ... The Jingshi Expressway (Chinese: 京石高速公路; pinyin: ; or Jingshi Freeway, as it was formerly known) is an expressway in China which links Beijing to the Shijiazhuang. ... Liuliqiao on the 3rd Ring Road (July 2004 image) Liuliqiao is situated on the southwestern stretch of Beijings 3rd Ring Road. ... Website: http://www. ... The Jingzhu Expressway is the first completed north-south expressway in the Peoples Republic of China, starting from Beijing and ending in Zhuhai, on the border with the Macao SAR. The Jingzhu Expressway is formed mainly by the main trunk route from Beijing to Shijiazhuang (Jingshi Expressway), and by... Liuliqiao on the 3rd Ring Road (July 2004 image) Liuliqiao is situated on the southwestern stretch of Beijings 3rd Ring Road. ... Zhuhai waterfront Zhuhai Campus of Zhongshan University Zhuhai (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; lit. ... Not to be confused with the former Kwantung Leased Territory in north-eastern China. ...

Expressways under construction

The Jingcheng Expressway is an expressway in China which links Beijing to Chengde in Hebei province. ... Gaoliying -- also home to the northernmost extremity of the Jingcheng Expressway (July 2004 image) Gaoliying in Beijing is a small town just north of the Northern 6th Ring Road. ... The Putuo Zongcheng ticket to the summer resort (1984) Chengde (Chinese: ; pinyin: Chéngdé; Manchu: Erdemu be aliha fu) is a city approximately one hundred miles northeast of Beijing in northeastern Hebei province, situated near the Luan River. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Airport Expressway (heading towards the airport, July 2004 image) The old and the new: The Airport Expressway Toll Gate at Xiaotianzhu (August 2004 image) Old Airport Road (August 2004 image) The Airport Expressway (机场高速公路, Hanyu Pinyin: JÄ«chÇŽng Gāosù Gōnglù) is an expressway in Beijing, China, which links... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... // Overview Tongzhou District (Simplified Chinese: 通州区; Traditional Chinese: 通州區; Hanyu Pinyin: Tōngzhōu QÅ«), located in southeast Beijing, is considered as the capitals eastern gate. ...   (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Tientsin) is one of the four municipalities of China. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Projected expressways

The Jingcheng Expressway near Gaoliying (July 2004 image) The Jingha Expressway (July 2004 image) The Jingshi Expressway (July 2004 image) The Airport Expressway near the toll gate (July 2004 image) The Jingkai Expressway near the Southern 4th Ring Road (October 2004 image) Beijing was first linked to outside areas by... The Jingping Expressway is an expressway in Beijing, China, with construction commencing in early 2005. ... The Jingbao Expressway is a new expressway slated for construction in 2005. ...

Radiating out from Tianjin

  (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Tientsin) is one of the four municipalities of China. ...

Existing expressways

Opened in late September 2003, just days before October 1 - Chinas National Day holiday - the Jinji Expressway runs entirely within Tianjin, and links Tianjin city in the south with Ji County in the north. ... The Tangjin Expressway is an expressway in China which links Tangshan in Hebei province to Tianjin. ... Over 1000 kilometres in length, the Jinghu Expressway was opened in the early 2000s, and connects Beijing to Shanghai. ... Baojin Expressway (July 2004 image) The Baojin Expressway (pinyin: Baojin Gaosu Gonglu) is so named because it connects Baoding in Hebei province with Tianjin. ... Jingjintang Expressway (Beijing segment, taken in July of 2004) Opened in September of 1993, the Jingjintang expressway, also known simply as the Jingtang expressway, links Beijing via central Tianjin to the Tanggu District in eastern Tianjin. ... The Jinbin expressway is a direct expressway link from central Tianjin to Tanggu and TEDA. It is 33. ...

Radiating out from Shanghai

The Hujia Expressway in Shanghai. (Summer 2001 image)
The Hujia Expressway in Shanghai. (Summer 2001 image)

For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Hujia_Expressway_Shanghai_2001. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Hujia_Expressway_Shanghai_2001. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... // Introduction Now, shanghai has 6 city elevated road(include 2 ring road) and 18 expressways(including 2 ring expressways) City elevated road City elevated road is most in downtown of Shanghai, and most of them are elevated road. ...

Existing expressways

  • Huhang Expressway(A8) (Xinzhuang Interchange - Hangzhou)
  • Huning Expressway(A11) (Zhenbei Road Interchange - Nanjing)
/ Jinghu Expressway (Beijing - Shanghai)
  • A9 Expressway (Waihuan Huqingping Interchange - Qingpu - Zhujiajiao)
  • A12 Expressway (Wenshui Road - Jiading - Taicang)
  • A4 Expressway (Xinzhuang Interchange - Fengxian - Jinshan)
  • A5 Expressway
  • A30 Expressway (Suburb circular expressway, partly G010 National Highway)

  (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Hangchow) is a sub-provincial city located in the Yangtze River Delta in the Peoples Republic of China, and the capital of Zhejiang province. ... For other uses, see Nanjing (disambiguation). ... Over 1000 kilometres in length, the Jinghu Expressway was opened in the early 2000s, and connects Beijing to Shanghai. ... Peking redirects here. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... Qingpu is one of the districts of Shanghai, China, located to the west of Shanghai city. ... Zhujiajiao (Chinese: 朱家角; Pinyin: ZhÅ«jiājiÇŽo), meaning Zhu Family Village, is an ancient water village located in the Qingpu District of Shanghai. ... Jiading is one of the 18 districts of Shanghai, Peoples Republic of China. ... Taicang (太仓) is a city in Jiangsu Province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Fengxian District (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) of Shanghai has a land area of 687. ... Jinshan (金山) is a rural township in northern Taipei County, Taiwan Province of the Republic of China. ...

Radiating out from Chongqing

Chongqing (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Chungching, also Chungking) is the largest and most populous of the Peoples Republic of Chinas four provincial-level municipalities, and the only one in the less densely populated western half of China. ...

Existing expressways

  • Changwan Expressway
  • Yufu Expressway
  • Yuqian Expressway
  • Chengyu Expressway

Hebei Province

Main article: Expressways of Hebei

Hebei (Chinese: 河北; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ho-pei; Postal System Pinyin: Hopeh) is a northern province of the Peoples Republic of China. ...

Existing expressways

Baojin Expressway (July 2004 image) The Baojin Expressway (pinyin: Baojin Gaosu Gonglu) is so named because it connects Baoding in Hebei province with Tianjin. ... Over 1000 kilometres in length, the Jinghu Expressway was opened in the early 2000s, and connects Beijing to Shanghai. ... Jingjintang Expressway (Beijing segment, taken in July of 2004) Opened in September of 1993, the Jingjintang expressway, also known simply as the Jingtang expressway, links Beijing via central Tianjin to the Tanggu District in eastern Tianjin. ... Jingshen Expressway (Beijing segment, taken in July of 2004) Jingshen Expressway (Tianjin segment, taken in July of 2004) The Jingshen Expressway (Hanyu Pinyin: Jingshen Gaosu Gonglu) is an expressway in China which links Beijing to Shenyang. ... The Jingshi Expressway (Chinese: 京石高速公路; pinyin: ; or Jingshi Freeway, as it was formerly known) is an expressway in China which links Beijing to the Shijiazhuang. ... The Jingzhang Expressway (京张高速公路, Hanyu Pinyin: Jīngzhāng Gāosù Gōnglù) is an expressway in China which links Beijing to Zhangjiakou. ... The Tangjin Expressway is an expressway in China which links Tangshan in Hebei province to Tianjin. ... The Xuanda Expressway (宣大高速公路, Hanyu Pinyin: Xuāndà Gāosù Gōnglù; Approximate Pronunciation: Shuen-Da Expressway), is an expressway in China which links Xuanhua in Hebei province with Datong in Shanxi province. ...

Expressways under construction

The Jingcheng Expressway is an expressway in China which links Beijing to Chengde in Hebei province. ... Gaoliying -- also home to the northernmost extremity of the Jingcheng Expressway (July 2004 image) Gaoliying in Beijing is a small town just north of the Northern 6th Ring Road. ... The Putuo Zongcheng ticket to the summer resort (1984) Chengde (Chinese: ; pinyin: Chéngdé; Manchu: Erdemu be aliha fu) is a city approximately one hundred miles northeast of Beijing in northeastern Hebei province, situated near the Luan River. ... The Jingkai Expressway (京开高速公路, Hanyu Pinyin: Jīngkāi Gāosù Gōnglù) is an expressway in China which links Beijing to Kaifeng. ...

Projected expressways

  • Chengtang Expressway
  • Zhangshi Expressway
  • Yanhai Expressway
  • Qinghong Expressway

Shanxi Province

Shanxi (Chinese: 山西; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Shan-hsi; Postal System Pinyin: Shansi) is a province in the northern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ...

Liaoning Province

  (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Liáoníng) is a northeastern province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Shenda highway (Simplified Chinese: 沈大高速公路; Traditional Chinese: 瀋大高速公路; pinyin: ) is the main highway that connects Shenyang and Dalian, 2 Prefecture-level cites located in the Liaoning province of China. ... The Shendan Expressway (pinyin: Shendan Gaosu Gonglu) links Shenyang in Chinas Liaoning province with the border town of Dandong, sitting next to Shinŭiju in North Korea (DPRK). ... Jingshen Expressway (Beijing segment, taken in July of 2004) Jingshen Expressway (Tianjin segment, taken in July of 2004) The Jingshen Expressway (Hanyu Pinyin: Jingshen Gaosu Gonglu) is an expressway in China which links Beijing to Shenyang. ...

Jilin Province

  (Chinese: ; Pinyin: Jílín; Wade-Giles: Chi-lin; Postal System Pinyin: Kirin; Manchu: Girin ula), is a province of the Peoples Republic of China located in the northeastern part of the country. ...

Heilongjiang Province

Heilongjiang (Simplified Chinese: 黑龙江省; Traditional Chinese: 黑龍江省; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Postal System Pinyin: Heilungkiang) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China located in the northeastern part of the country. ...

Jiangsu Province

Jiangsu (Simplified Chinese: 江苏; Traditional Chinese: 江蘇; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chiang-su; Postal System Pinyin: Kiangsu) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located along the east coast of the country. ...

Zhejiang Province

Zhejiang (also spelled Chehkiang or Chekiang) is an eastern coastal province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Hangchow) is a sub-provincial city located in the Yangtze River Delta in the Peoples Republic of China, and the capital of Zhejiang province. ... Ningbo (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ning-po; literally Tranquil Waves) is a seaport sub-provincial city with a population of 1,219,900 in northeastern Zhejiang province, Peoples Republic of China. ...

Anhui Province

Anhui (Chinese: 安徽; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: An-hui; Postal System Pinyin: Ngan-hui, Anhwei or An-hwei) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China. ...

Fujian Province

  (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Fu-chien; Postal map spelling: Fukien, Foukien; local transliteration Hokkien from Min Nan Hok-kiàn) is one of the provinces on the southeast coast of the Peoples Republic of China. ...

Jiangxi Province

Jiangxi (Chinese: 江西; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chiang-hsi; Postal System Pinyin: Kiangsi) is a southern province of the Peoples Republic of China, spanning from the banks of the Yangtze River in the north into hillier areas in the south. ...

Shandong Province

  (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Shan-tung) is a coastal province of eastern Peoples Republic of China. ...

Henan Province

Henan (Chinese: 河南; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ho-nan), is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located in the central part of the country. ...

Hubei Province

Hubei (Chinese: 湖北; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hu-pei; Postal System Pinyin: Hupeh) is a central province of the Peoples Republic of China. ...

Henan Province

Henan (Chinese: 河南; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ho-nan), is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located in the central part of the country. ...

Guangdong Province

  • Guangfo Expressway
  • Guangshen Expressway
  • Guangsan Expressway
  • Guangqing Expressway
  • Guangzhan Expressway
  • Guanghui Expressway
  • Guangwu Expressway
  • Shenshan Expressway

Not to be confused with the former Kwantung Leased Territory in north-eastern China. ... Guangfo Expressway (广佛高速) connects the cities Guangzhou and Foshan in the Chinese province of Guangdong. ... Guangshen Expressway (广深高速) connects the cities Guangzhou and Shenzhen in the Chinese province of Guangdong. ... Guangsan Expressway (广三高速) connects the cities Guangzhou and Sanshui in the Chinese province of Guangdong. ... Guangqing Expressway (广清高速) connects the cities Guangzhou and Qingyuan in the Chinese province of Guangdong. ... Guangzhang Expressway (广湛高速) connects the cities Guangzhou and Zhanjiang in the Chinese province of Guangdong. ... Guanghui Expressway (广惠高速) connects the cities Guangzhou and Huizhou in the Chinese province of Guangdong. ... Guangwu Expressway (广吴高速) connects the cities Guangzhou in the Chinese province of Guangdong and Wuzhou in the province of Guangxi. ... Shenshan Expressway (深汕高速) is an expressway in the Peoples Republic of China connecting the cities Shenzhen and Shantou in the province of Guangdong. ...

Hainan Province

This article does not cite its references or sources. ...

Sichuan Province

  (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: SzÅ­4-chuan1; Postal map spelling: Szechwan and Szechuan) is a province in the central-western China with its capital at Chengdu. ...

Guizhou Province

(Simplified Chinese: 贵州; Traditional Chinese: 貴州; pinyin: Gùizhōu; Wade-Giles: Kuei-chou; also spelled Kweichow) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China located in the southwestern part of the country. ...

Yunnan Province

  • Kunming-Bangkok Expressway
  • Kunshi Expressway

Yunan redirects here. ... Kunming-Bangkok Expressway (昆曼高速公路) is the first international expressway from China. ...

Shaanxi Province

  (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ShÇŽnxÄ«; Wade-Giles: Shan-hsi; Postal map spelling: Shensi) is a north-central province of the Peoples Republic of China, and includes portions of the Loess Plateau on the middle reaches of the Yellow River as well as the Qinling Mountains across the...

Gansu Province

Gansu (Simplified Chinese: 甘肃; Traditional Chinese: 甘肅; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kan-su, Kansu, or Kan-suh) is a province located in the northwest of the Peoples Republic of China. ...

Qinghai Province

Qinghai (Chinese: 青海; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ching-hai; Postal System Pinyin: Tsinghai; Tibetan: མཚོ་སྔོན་ mtsho-sngon; Mongolian: Köke Naγur; Manchu: Huhu Noor) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, named after the enormous Qinghai Lake. ...

Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region

Inner Mongolia (Mongolian: ᠥᠪᠦᠷ ᠮᠣᠨᠺᠤᠯᠤᠨ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠺᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠣᠷᠤᠨ r Mongghul-un bertegen Jasaqu Orun; Chinese: 内蒙古自治区; Hanyu Pinyin: N...

Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region

Guangxi (Zhuang: Gvangjsih; old orthography: ; Simplified Chinese: 广西; Traditional Chinese: 廣西; Pinyin: Guǎngxī; Wade-Giles: Kuang-hsi; Postal System Pinyin: Kwangsi), full name Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region (Zhuang: Gvangjsih Bouxcuengh Swcigih; old orthography: ; Simplified Chinese: 广西壮族自治区; Traditional Chinese: 廣西壯族自治區; Pinyin: Guǎngxī Zhuàngzú Zìzhìqū) is a Zhuang autonomous region of...

Tibet Autonomous Region

The Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) (Tibetan: བོད་རང་སྐྱོང་ལྗོངས་; Wylie: Bod-rang-skyong-ljongs; Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is a province-level autonomous region of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ...

Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

Ningxia (Simplified Chinese: 宁夏; Traditional Chinese: 寧夏; Pinyin: Níngxià; Wade-Giles: Ning-hsia; Postal Pinyin: Ningsia), full name Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (Simplified Chinese: 宁夏回族自治区; Traditional Chinese: 寧夏回族自治區; Pinyin: Níngxià Huízú Zìzhìqū), is a Hui autonomous region of the Peoples Republic of China, located on the northwest Loess...

Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region

For the county in Shanxi province, see Xinjiang County. ...

References

  1. ^ Xubo, Liu. Highway development. Ministry of Communications of the People's Republic of China, 25 November 2005.
  2. ^ MacLeod, Calum. China's highways go the distance. USA TODAY, 29 January 2006.
  3. ^ Li, Lin. Expressways being built at frenetic pace. SINA English, 4 April 2006.

External links

  • (Very Big!!) Map of the 2020 "7918" expressway network from the chinese Ministry of Transport
  • China Motor Way network maps (in English and more compact)

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