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Encyclopedia > Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques dans la Vie Moderne (1937)
The Soviet pavilion was crowned with a gigantic statue of Labourer and Kolkhoz Woman, by Vera Mukhina.
The Soviet pavilion was crowned with a gigantic statue of Labourer and Kolkhoz Woman, by Vera Mukhina.

The Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques dans la Vie Moderne (International Exposition dedicated to Art and Technology in Modern Life) was held in 1937 in Paris, France. Image File history File links Kolkhoznitsa. ... Image File history File links Kolkhoznitsa. ... A portrait of Vera Mukhina, the work of Russian artist Mikhail Nesterov The Worker and Kolhoz Woman Vera Ignatyevna Mukhina (Russian: ; July 1, 1889 [O.S. June 19] in Riga — 6 October 1953 in Moscow) was a prominent Soviet sculptor. ... Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ...

Contents

Festivals of the Exposition

  • May 23 The Centenary of the Arc de Triomphe
  • June 5-13 The International Floralies
  • June 26 Motorboat races on the Seine
  • June 29 Dance Festival
  • July 3 Horse Racing
  • July 4-11 Rebirth of the City
  • July 6-7-8 Midsummer Night's Dream (In the gardens of Bagatelle)
  • July 21 Colonial Festival
  • July 27 World Championship Boxing Matches
  • July 30-Aug. 10 The True Mystery of the Passion (before Notre Dame Cathedral)
  • Sept 12 Grape Harvest Festival
  • Forty Two International Sporting Championships
  • Every Night: Visions of Fairyland on the Seine

Arc de Triomphe by night The Arc de Triomphe is a monument in Paris that stands in the centre of the Place Charles de Gaulle, formerly the Place de lÉtoile, at the western end of the Champs-Élysées. ... The Seine (pronounced in French) is a major river of north-western France, and one of its commercial waterways. ... Bagatelle was built as a small hunting lodge built for the Maréchal dEstrées in 1720 in what is now the Bois de Boulogne in the 16ème arrondissement of Paris. ... Notre Dame de Paris Western Facade, Summer 2004 Notre Dame de Paris (French for Our Lady of Paris, meaning the church in Paris dedicated to the Virgin Mary), often known simply as Notre Dame in English, Gothic cathedral on the eastern half of the Île de la Cité in Paris...

Exhibitions

Among the most notable exhibitions of the fair was the Spanish Pavilion. The fair took place during the Spanish Civil War; the pavilion of the embattled Second Spanish Republic included Pablo Picasso's famous painting "Guernica", a depiction of the horrors of war. Combatants Spanish Republic Soviet Union Nationalist Spain Italy Germany Commanders Manuel Azaña Francisco Largo Caballero Juan Negrín Francisco Franco Casualties Hundreds of thousands The Spanish Civil War, which lasted from July 17, 1936 to April 1, 1939, was a conflict in which the Francoists or Nationalists, led by... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Young Pablo Picasso Pablo Picasso (October 25, 1881 – April 8, 1973) was a Spanish painter and sculptor. ... Guernica is one of the most famous paintings by Pablo Picasso, depicting the consequences of the bombing of Guernica. ...

The German pavilion crowned with the Nazi Party insignia.
The German pavilion crowned with the Nazi Party insignia.

Two of the other notable pavilions were those of Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union. The organization of the world exhibition had placed the German and the Soviet pavilions directly across each other. Hitler had desired to withdraw from participation, but his architect Albert Speer, who had by coincidence seen the Soviet pavilion plans while visiting Paris, convinced him to participate after all, showing Hitler his plans for the German pavilion. Image File history File links German_pavilion_1937. ... Image File history File links German_pavilion_1937. ... The (German: Nazional- socialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (NSDAP) [National Socialist German Workers Party]); generally known in English as the Nazi Party, was a political party in Germany between 1920 and 1945. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Hitler redirects here. ... Albert Speer, c. ...


Plagued by delay, at the opening day of the exhibition, only the German and the Soviet pavilions were completed. This, as well as the fact that the two pavilions faced each other, turned the exhibition into somewhat of a personal competition between the two great ideological rivals.

Overview of the location of the exposition, right in front of the Eiffel tower. Notice the German pavilion. Notice also big white and red flag. Two years later Nazis will attack Poland.
Overview of the location of the exposition, right in front of the Eiffel tower. Notice the German pavilion. Notice also big white and red flag. Two years later Nazis will attack Poland.

Five hundred feet high, Speer's pavilion was completed by a tall tower crowned with the symbols of the Nazi state: an eagle and the swastika. The pavilion was conceived as a monument to "German pride and achievement". It was to broadcast to the world that a new and powerful Germany had a restored sense of national pride. At night, the pavilion was illuminated by floodlights. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (790x704, 43 KB) Screen shot from a French video on the 1937 World Exposition. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (790x704, 43 KB) Screen shot from a French video on the 1937 World Exposition. ... For the town in Ontario, see Swastika, Ontario. ...


Vera Mukhina designed the large figurative sculpture on the Soviet pavilion for the exhibition, whose architect was Boris Iofan. The grand building was topped with a large momentum-exerting statue, of a male worker and a female peasant, their hands thrusting a hammer and a sickle together, in a symbol of communist union. A portrait of Vera Mukhina, the work of Russian artist Mikhail Nesterov The Worker and Kolhoz Woman Vera Ignatyevna Mukhina (Russian: ; July 1, 1889 [O.S. June 19] in Riga — 6 October 1953 in Moscow) was a prominent Soviet sculptor. ...


Awards

At the presentation, both Speer and Iofan, who also designed the Palace of Soviets that was planned to be constructed in Moscow, were awarded gold medals for their respective designs. Also, for his model of the Nuremberg party rally grounds, the jury granted Speer, to his and Hitler's surprise, a Grand Prix. [1] Albert Speer, c. ... Iofans Palace of Soviets design Boris Mihajlovic Iofan (April 28, 1891–1976) was one of a trio of Russian architects who designed the magnificent Palace of Soviets (the other two architects were Vladimir Gelfreikh and Vladimir Shchuko). ... Categories: Buildings in Moscow | Soviet Union | Stub ... Location Position of Moscow in Europe Government Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Geographical characteristics Area  - City 1,081 km² Population  - City (2005)    - Density 10,415,400   8537. ... Nazi party rally grounds (in German Reichsparteitagsgelände) is the name of a site in the southeast of Nuremberg (UGN: ), where the Nazi party rallies were held from 1933 until 1938. ...


Artist Johanne deRibert Kajanus, mother of composer Georg Kajanus and film-maker Eva Norvind, granddaughter of composer and conductor Robert Kajanus, and grandmother of actress Nailea Norvind, won the bronze medal for her life-size sculpture of 'Mother and Child' at the exhibition. Georg Kajanus (Georg Johan Tchegodaieff Kajanus) is a composer and singer/songwriter. ... Eva Norvind Eva Norvind (born Eva Johanne Chegodayeva Sakonskaya on May 7, 1944 in Trondheim, Norway - Died May 14, 2006) was a dominatrix, sex therapist and former actress of the cinema of Mexico. ... Robert Kajanus (2 December 1856 - 6 July 1933) was a Finnish conductor and composer. ... Nailea Norvind Nailea Norvind (born on February 16, 1970 in Mexico City) is a Mexican actress of television as well as the critically-acclaimed film Gaby: A True Story. ...


Polish engineers from Warsaw won the gold medal for new polish locomotive Pm36-1. Warsaw (Polish: , , in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto Stołeczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ...


External links

  • Photo of Pm36-1 (left). Right (Pm36-2) is currently active in Wolsztyn (Poland). Public domain.
  • Photo of polish postage stamp about Pm36-1. Public domain.
  • Public domain. Pm36-1 photo.
  • Public domain. Pm36-1 photo.

See also

Preceded by
Brussels International
World Expositions
1937
Succeeded by
1939 New York World's Fair

  Results from FactBites:
 
CONFRONTATION (5695 words)
The title of the 1937 exposition breaks down the real meaning inherent in the earlier term "universal" into its component parts: the nationalism inherent in the competition for prestige, the fundamental duality between the arts and technics, and the transforming power of art and science.
Art is not the vessel of immortal truth, whose purpose is to "instruct by pleasing": it is a decorator of the useful.
Art could profit by advances in industry – the use of photography in portrait painting was the most often-cited example – and industry borrowed liberally from the arts to lend grace to utility.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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