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Contents: Top - A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
B Pierre Savorgan de Brazza Italian explorer naturalized French. French Congo's founder. Vasco Núñez de Balboa, (c. 1475- 1519), Spanish, first to sight the Pacific Ocean, founded Darién, oldest surviving European settlement in the South American continent. William Baffin, ( 1584- 1622) Samuel Baker, Africa Heinrich Barth ( 1821- 1865), Northern and Central Africa Willem Barents, ( 1550?- 1597), Dutch, died on Novaya Zemlya Northeast Passage George Bass - Australian explorer Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Battuta, ( 1304?- 1377?), Moroccan Berber Muslim, visited Mecca several times, travelled to Central Asia, East Africa, China, Tombouctou and other places Nicolas Baudin - 18th century French explorer, mapped the West Australian coastline. Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen, Russian explorer Moric Benovsky, Slovak Vitus Bering Vittorio Bottego (1860,1897), Italian explorer of the Giuba region in north-east Africa Saint Brendan - Irish abbot who sailed the Atlantic Ocean James Bruce William Bruce, (1867-1921) Scottish explorer of Antarctica Richard Francis Burton, ( 1821- 1890), looking for the source of the Nile, discovered Lake Tanganyika Richard E. Byrd, ( 1888- 1957), flew over South Pole
C John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto) - Italian navigator in English service, crossed the Atlantic Ocean to North America Pedro Alvares Cabral, (c. 1467-c. 1520), Portuguese navigator, discovered Brazil and Madagascar Alvise Cadamosto (1432-1488), Venetian explorer Diogo Cao, ( 15th century), Portuguese navigator, explored the area around the West African coast Jacques Cartier, (1491-1557), discovered the St. Lawrence River and sailed up it to Montreal; failed in an attempt to set up a colony Thomas Cavendish, (died 1592), English sailor and explorer. Samuel de Champlain, (c. 1567-1635), established the French colony in Canada; discovered the Great Lakes William Clark, (1770-1838), with Meriwether Lewis led the first American expedition to reach the west coast. Christopher Columbus, (1451-1506), reached America looking for a searoute to the Indies; discovered various lands and islands and established a colony on Hispaniola James Cook, (1728-1779), explored the Pacific, discovering or mapping many lands and islands Francisco Vasquez de Coronado, (c. 1510-1554), explored New Mexico and American southwest Hernán Cortés, (1485-1547), conquered the Aztec empire in Mexico; sent out expeditions to Baja California Juan de la Cosa
D Jacques-Yves Cousteau, (died 1997), French marine biologist and explorer Alexandra David-Néel, (1868-1969), French explorer, visited Lhasa, Tibet in 1924 Harry de Windt Explorer, adventurer and author. Semyon Dezhnev, Russian explorer, first European who sailed through Bering Strait Bartolomeu Dias, (1450-1500), Portuguese explorer who first rounded the Cape of Good Hope. David Douglas, Scottish explorer, botanist Sir Francis Drake, (c. 1540-1596), pirate, leader of the second circumnavigation Jules Dumont d'Urville, (1790-1842), explorer of the Pacific and Antarctica
G Yuri Gagarin first man in Space and Cosmonaut Juan Galindo (1802-1839) explorer of Central American ruins Vasco da Gama, (1469?-1524), Portuguese navigator, first to reach India from Europe by the sea route Thomas Gann, explorer Francis Garnier, (1839-1873), Mekong River Pierre Gaultier de Varennes et de la Vérendrye, (1685-1749), explorer Romolo Gessi ( (1831, 1881)), Italian explorer of the Nile and of Sudan Ernest Giles, (1835-1897),explorer of central Australia James Augustus Grant, (1827-1892), Scottish officer and explorer, explored the eastern equatorial Africa
H Hanno the Navigator - ancient Egyptian who travelled along the Red Sea to a land called Punt Hannu, ancient Egyptian explorer (around 2750 BC) and the first explorer of whom there is any knowledge Sven Hedin, (1865-1952), Swedish explorer of Central Asia Louis Hennepin - discoverer of Niagara Falls and the Saint Anthony Falls (the only waterfall on the Mississippi) Bjarni Herjulfsson - Viking, probable discoverer of North America Thor Heyerdahl, (1914-2002), Norwegian explorer Sir Edmund Hillary, with Tenzing Norgay was the first person to the summit of Mount Everest Himilco the Navigator, Carthaginian navigator William Hovell - Australian explorer Henry Hudson, (died 1570), discovered the Hudson River and sailed up it to Albany, discovered Hudson Bay Alexander von Humboldt, (1769-1859), German naturalist, explored Central and South America, visited Siberia Hamilton Hume - Australian explorer
I Helge Ingstad, (1899-2001), Norwegian, Danish explorer, Governor of Greenland Ibn Battuta, (1304-1377), Moroccan explorer of Africa and Asia, author of the Rihla Ibn Rustah, 10th century Persian explorer of Russia, Scandinavia and Arabia.
L Richard Lemon Lander (1804-1834) Jean François La Pérouse, (1741-1788), French explorer of the Pacific René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle, (1643-1687), French explorer of the Mississippi basin Albert von Le Coq, (1860-1930), German explorer of Central Asia Miguel López de Legaspi, Spanish explorer of the Philippines and Mexico Ludwig Leichhardt, (1813-1848), Prussian explorer of Australia Dragutin Lerman, (1863-1918), Croatia, ( Congo, Africa) Meriwether Lewis, (1774-1809), leader of the first American expedition to cross the continent David Livingstone, (1813-1873), Scottish explorer of south and east Africa, determined the course of the Zambesi, discovered Lake Nyasa
N Fridtjof Nansen, (1861-1930), arctic explorer, scientist and international statesman Nehsi, ancient Egyptian explorer in service of Egyptian queen Hatshepsut Jean Nicolet, (1628-1642), early French explorer of the Old Northwest Joseph Nicollet, (1786-1843), explorer of the Upper Mississippi River and Missouri River Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld, (1832-1901), arctic explorer Tenzing Norgay, with Sir Edmund Hillary was the first person to the summit of Mount Everest Hugh McNeil, Lewis and Clark Party member
P Mungo Park (1771-1806), Scottish explorer of Western Equatorial Africa William Parry, (1790-1855), Arctic explorer Robert Edwin Peary, (1856-1920), first man to reach the North Pole Paul Pelliot, French explorer of Central Asia Auguste Piccard, (1884-1962), physicist and explorer Jacques Piccard, (born 1922), undersea explorer Zebulon Pike, (1779-1813), explored Louisiana Purchase, Pikes Peak Alonso Alvarez de Pineda, (1494?-1519?) Martin Alonzo Pinzón (1441?-1493) Vicente Yáñez Pinzón (1460? - after 1523) Francisco Pizarro, (1471-1541), conqueror of the Inca Empire Peter Pond, (c. 1739 - 1807), Northwest Canada Marco Polo, (1254-1323), Croatia, travelled to China in the 13th century Gaspar de Portolá (fl. 1734-1784), explored California John Wesley Powell, (1834-1902), explorer, environmentalist Nicholas Michailovitch Prjevalsky, (1839-1888), Russian explorer in central and eastern Asia Nathaniel Pryor, (c. 1785-1850), US explorer Pytheas, Greek explorer who visited Britain and other north and northwest European countries
S René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, (1643-1687) French merchant and explorer, explored Great Lakes, navigated Mississippi and looked for its delta Robert Falcon Scott, (1868-1912), reached the South Pole less than one month after Amundsen, but died on the return voyage Tibor Sekelj Croatia, South America Mirko Seljan (1821-1912?(3)), Croatia,( Ethiopia, South America) Stjepan Seljan (1873-1936), Croatia, ( Ethiopia, South America) Scylax of Caryanda - a Greek explorer sent by the king of Persia to sail down the Indus River and around Arabia to Egypt Ernest Shackleton, (1874-1922), attempted to reach the South Pole and went further south than anyone before him Hernando de Soto, (died 1542), explorer John Hanning Speke, (1827-1864), discovered Lake Victoria Henry Morton Stanley, (1841-1904), successfully searched for Livingstone in Africa; later explored Lake Victoria, Lake Tanganyika and the Congo River William Stairs, (1863-1892), Victorian explorer, discovered one source of the Nile River, first non-African to ever climb in the Ruwenzori. Marc Aurel Stein, Hungarian explorer of Central Asia John Lloyd Stephens (1805-1852) explored Middle East, Central America John McDouall Stuart (1815-1866), Scottish explorer of inland Australia Charles Sturt - Australian explorer Sir Paul Edmund Strzelecki, (1793-1873), Polish explorer and geologist Ignacije Szentmartony (1718-1793), Croatia ( Jesuit, astronomer), Amazon, Brasil
V George Vancouver, (1757-1798), British Royal Navy captain; explored the Pacific coast of North America, naming many locations in the Pacific Northwest. Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye (1685-1749), French Canadian military officer, fur trader and explorer, explored Western Canada Giovanni da Verrazano, (died 1528), sea explorer Amerigo Vespucci, (1454-1512), discovered other parts of America and gave his name to the new continent Ruy López de Villalobos. Spanish; explored the Pacific and the Philippines, which he named after Philip II of Spain Willem de Vlamingh ( 1640-?). Dutch; in 1696 and 1697 he charted the coast of north-west Australia.
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Explorer Information (1334 words)
Explorer-I, officially known as Satellite 1958 Alpha, was the first United States earth satellite and was sent aloft as part of the United States program for the International Geophysical Year 1957-1958.
The satellite instrumentation of Explorer-I was designed and built by Dr. James Van Allen of the State University of Iowa.
Explorer-I was placed in an orbit with a perigee of 224 miles and an apogee of 1,575 miles having a period of 114.9 minutes.
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