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Encyclopedia > Exploitation film

Exploitation film is a type of film that eschews the expense of quality productions in favor of making films inexpensively, attracting viewers by exciting their more prurient interests. Exploitation films rely heavily on the lurid advertising of their content rather than the intrinsic quality of the film. 2007 has been referred to, by film and media critics, as the year of the threequels, a nickname referring to both the 2004 summer movie season and several film franchises which premiered or had installments released in 2004, which appear again this year: Spider-Man 3, Shrek the Third, Ocean... An anthology film or omnibus film or portmanteau film is a film consisting of several different short films, often tied together by only a single theme, premise, or brief interlocking event (often a turning point). ... For the American composer born 1946, see Robert Xavier Rodriguez. ... Quentin Jerome Tarantino (born March 27, 1963) is a Palme dOr-winning American film director, actor, and an Oscar winning screenwriter. ... Grindhouse is a 2007 anthology film co-written, produced and directed by Robert Rodriguez and Quentin Tarantino. ...


Exploitation films may feature forbidden sex, wanton violence, drug use, nudity, freaks, gore, monsters, destruction, rebellion and mayhem. Such films have existed since the earliest days of moviemaking, but they were popularized in the 1960s with the general relaxing of cinematic taboos in the U.S. and Europe. Since the 1990s, this genre has also received attention from academic circles, where it is sometimes called paracinema. Academia is a collective term for the scientific and cultural community engaged in higher education and research, taken as a whole. ... Paracinema is the academic term for exploitation cinema or trash cinema as it is sometimes called by fans of the genre. ...


Ephraim Katz, author of The Film Encyclopedia, has defined exploitation as: Ephraim Katz (March 11, 1932 - August 8, 1992 in Manhattan) a writer, journalist, and film maker who devoted his life to gathering the information in The Film Encyclopedia. ...

Films made with little or no attention to quality or artistic merit but with an eye to a quick profit, usually via high-pressure sales and promotion techniques emphasizing some sensational aspect of the product[citation needed]

Exploitation films often exploited events that occurred in the news and were in the short term public consciousness that a major film studio may avoid due to the length of time of producing a major film. For example Child Bride (1935) addressed a problem of older men marrying very young women in the Ozarks. Other issues such as drug use in films like Reefer Madness (1936) attracted an audience that a major film studio would avoid to keep their mainstream and respectable reputations. Several war films were made about the Winter War in Finland, the Korean War and the Vietnam War before the major studios showed interest. When Orson Welles' Mercury Theatre Halloween 1938 radio production of The War of the Worlds shocked many Americans and made news, Universal Pictures edited their serial Flash Gordon's Trip to Mars into a short feature called Mars Attacks the World for release in November of that year. A major film studio is a movie production and distribution company that releases a substantial number of films annually and consistently commands a significant share of box-office revenues in a given market. ... Child Bride, also known as Child Bride of the Ozarks, Child Brides (USA reissue title) and Dust to Dust (USA reissue title), is a 1938 film directed by Harry Revier. ... Ozark redirects here. ... Recreational drug use is the use of psychoactive drugs for recreational rather than medical or spiritual purposes, although the distinction is not always clear. ... Reefer Madness is a 1936 drama film revolving around the tragic events that follow when high school students are lured by pushers to try marihuana: a hit and run accident, manslaughter, suicide, rape, and descent into madness all ensue. ... Look up mainstream in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The war film is a film genre concerned with warfare, usually about naval, air or land battles, sometimes focusing instead on prisoners of war, covert operations, military training or other related subjects. ... Combatants Finland Soviet Union Commanders Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim Kliment Voroshilov Semyon Timoshenko Strength 250,000 men 30 tanks 130 aircraft[1][2] 1,000,000 men 6,541 tanks [3] 3,800 aircraft[4][5] Casualties 26,662 dead 39,886 wounded 1,000 captured[6] 126,875 dead... Belligerents United Nations: Republic of Korea Australia Belgium Canada Colombia Ethiopia France Greece Luxembourg Netherlands New Zealand Philippines South Africa Thailand Turkey United Kingdom United States Naval Support and Military Servicing/Repairs: Japan Medical staff: Denmark Italy Norway India Sweden DPR Korea PR China Soviet Union Commanders Syngman Rhee Chung... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... George Orson Welles (May 6, 1915 – October 10, 1985) was an Academy Award-winning American director, writer, actor and producer for film, stage, radio and television. ... The Mercury Theatre was a theatre company founded in New York City by Orson Welles and John Houseman. ... This article is about the holiday. ... The War of the Worlds (1898), by H. G. Wells, is an early science fiction novel which describes an invasion of England by aliens from Mars. ... Universal Pictures is the main motion picture production/distribution arm of Universal Studios, a subsidiary of NBC Universal. ... Flash Gordons Trip to Mars is a 1938 film serial of 15 episodes, based on the comic strip Flash Gordon. ... Flash Gordons Trip to Mars is a 1938 film serial of 15 episodes, based on the comic strip Flash Gordon. ...


Some Poverty Row lower budget B movies often exploit major studio projects due to fact that the rapid production schedule of making their films can take advantage of the publicity of the major studio to get an audience for their film and leave the slower bigger budgeted competitor to suffer reduced admissions at the box office. For example Edward L. Alperson produced William Cameron Menzies' Invaders from Mars to beat Paramount Pictures prestigious George Pal's version of The War of the Worlds into the cinemas. Pal's The Time Machine was also beaten to the cinema's by Robert Clarke's Edgar G. Ulmer film Beyond the Time Barrier (1960). As a result, many major studios, producers, and stars keep their projects secret. Poverty Row is a slang term used in Hollywood from the late silent period through the mid-fifties to refer to a variety of mostly short-lived small studios, many clustered in the area of Los Angeles, USA known as Gower Gulch, near the corner of Sunset Boulevard and Gower... The King of the Bs, Roger Corman, produced and directed The Raven (1963) for American International Pictures. ... The term box office can refer to either: A place where tickets are sold to the public for admission to a venue The amount of business a particular production, such as a movie or theatre show, does. ... William Cameron Menzies (July 29, 1896 - March 5, 1957) was an Academy Award-winning and versatile art director who earned acclaim on silent films and later pioneered the use of color in film for dramatic effect. ... Invaders from Mars is a 1953 science fiction motion picture. ... Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American motion picture production and distribution company, based in Hollywood, California. ... George Pál (February 1, 1908 - May 2, 1980) was a Hungarian-born American animator and film producer. ... The War of the Worlds (also sometimes known as H.G. Wells The War of the Worlds) is a 1953 science fiction film produced by George Pál and directed by Byron Haskin from a script by Barré Lyndon based on the H. G. Wells novel of the same name. ... The Time Machine (sometimes known as H.G. Wells The Time Machine) is a 1960 science fiction film based on The Time Machine, an 1895 novel by H. G. Wells about a man from Victorian England who travels far into the future. ... Robert Irby Clarke (June 1, 1920 - June 11, 2005) was an actor best known for his cult classic sci-fi films of the 1950’s. ... Edgar G. Ulmer - Wikipedia /**/ @import /w/skins-1. ...

Contents

Grindhouse cinema

A grindhouse is an American term for a theater that mainly showed exploitation films. It is also a term used to describe the genre of films that played in such theatres. Grindhouses were known for continuous programs of B movies, usually consisting of a double feature where two (and very often three) films were shown consecutively. Most of these films were made for Drive-in theaters as second and third features. Since most large urban areas did not have drive-ins, these movies were shown in older theaters that formerly featured burlesque shows which included "bump and grind" dancing, leading to the term "grindhouse." On the other hand, the producers, distributors, and exhibitors of the films were required to provide a large amount of low budget films for double features so would "grind"' them out like mincemeat. Beginning in the late 1960s and especially during the 1970s, the subject matter of grindhouse films was dominated by explicit sex, violence, bizarre or perverse plot points, and other taboo content. The term B-movie originally referred to a film designed to be distributed as the lower half of a double feature, often a genre film featuring cowboys, gangsters or vampires. ... The double feature, also known as a double bill, was a motion picture industry phenomenon in which theatre managers would exhibit two films for the price of one, supplanting an earlier format in which one feature film and various short subject reels would be shown. ... Hulls Drive In Theatre, outside Lexington, Virginia A drive-in theater is a form of cinema structure consisting of a large screen, a projection booth, a concession stand and a large parking area for automobiles. ... For other uses, see Burlesque (disambiguation). ... Freaking redirects here. ... Mincemeat was originally a conglomeration of bits of meat, dried fruit and spices, created as an alternative to smoking or drying for preservation, a variant form of sausage. ...


The 1980s home video market and urban renewal threatened to render the grindhouse obsolete. By the end of that decade, grindhouse theaters had vanished from former urban "sleaze" districts like Boston's Combat Zone, Los Angeles' Broadway and Hollywood Boulevards, New York City's Times Square and San Francisco's Market Street. By the mid-1990s, they had completely disappeared from the United States. The home video business rents and sells videocassettes and DVDs to the public. ... Urban Renewal redirects here. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... This 1980s image shows Club 66 (center), The Naked I (right), and The Pilgrim Theatre (left), all of which were located in the heart of Bostons once thriving red light district known as The Combat Zone. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... redirect to Downtown Los Angeles ... Hollywood Boulevard as taken from the Kodak Theatre Hollywood Boulevard is an avenue in Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, United States, beginning at Sunset Boulevard in the east and running northwest to Vermont Avenue, where it straightens out and runs due west to Laurel Canyon Boulevard. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... For other uses, see Times Square (disambiguation). ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... An F Market streetcar turns around at the foot of Market Street, in front of the Ferry Building. ...


There remains much affection for the grindhouse era amongst some cinephiles. An example is the 2007 release of Grindhouse, a double feature consisting of Planet Terror and Death Proof, directed by Robert Rodriguez and Quentin Tarantino, respectively. Both films contain elements found in many grindhouse films, and are bridged by trailers for fictitious films that also fit into the grindhouse genre (sexploitation, slasher films, etc.). Grindhouse also features simulated film scratches, splices and some clipped dialogue, to recreate the feeling that the prints of the films are worn and battered copies, which was often true of the prints of many films grindhouse theaters showed in their heyday. Grindhouse is a 2007 anthology film co-written, produced and directed by Robert Rodriguez and Quentin Tarantino. ... Planet Terror is a 2007 film written and directed by Robert Rodriguez, about a group of people attempting to survive an onslaught of zombie-like creatures as they feud with a military unit. ... Death Proof is a 2007 film written and directed by Quentin Tarantino, about a psychopathic stunt man who targets young women, murdering them with his death proof stunt car. ... For the American composer born 1946, see Robert Xavier Rodriguez. ... Quentin Jerome Tarantino (born March 27, 1963) is a Palme dOr-winning American film director, actor, and an Oscar winning screenwriter. ... Sexploitation is a term that was first used in the 1940s which describes media that is merely an excuse to purvey sex. ... The slasher film is a sub-genre of horror film typically involving a masked, psychopathic killer who stalks and graphically murders a series of victims in a random, unprovoked fashion, usually teenagers or young adults who are away from adult supervision and involved in illicit activities (e. ...


Subgenres

Exploitation films may adopt the subject matters and stylings of film genres, particularly horror films and documentary films. The subgenres of exploitation films are categorized by which characteristics they utilize. Thematically, exploitation films can also be influenced by other so-called exploitative media, like pulp magazines. “Horror Movie” redirects here. ... Documentary film is a broad category of visual expression that is based on the attempt, in one fashion or another, to document reality. ... This article is about inexpensive fiction magazines. ...


Black exploitation

Main article: Blaxploitation

Black exploitation, or "blaxploitation" films, are made with black actors, ostensibly for black audiences, and about stereotypically African American subjects such as slum life, drugs, and prostitution. A prominent theme was African-Americans overcoming the Man through cunning and violence. Examples from the 1970s, when Blaxploitation was introduced, include Cotton Comes to Harlem, Shaft, Black Caesar, Hell Up In Harlem, Superfly, Blacula, Coffy, The Mack, and Melvin Van Peebles' Sweet Sweetback's Baadasssss Song, which is often credited with inventing the genre. Notable spoofs of the genre include Keenan Ivory Wayans' I'm Gonna Get You Sucka, Robert Townsend's Hollywood Shuffle and Malcolm D. Lee's Undercover Brother. In an homage to the genre, Quentin Tarantino made the film Jackie Brown. Shaft (1971) Blaxploitation is a film genre that emerged in the United States in the early 1970s when many exploitation films were made that targeted the urban black audience; the word itself is a portmanteau of the words “black” and “exploitation. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... An assortment of psychoactive drugs A psychoactive drug or psychotropic substance is a chemical substance that acts primarily upon the central nervous system where it alters brain function, resulting in temporary changes in perception, mood, consciousness and behavior. ... Whore redirects here. ... This page is about the phrase; for other uses of the phrase, see The Man (disambiguation). ... Cotton Comes to Harlem is a 1970 blaxploitation film starring Godfrey Cambridge, Raymond St. ... DVD cover Shaft is a 1971 blaxploitation film which tells the story of a detective, John Shaft, who travels through Harlem and to the Italian mob in order to find the missing daughter of a black mobster. ... Black Caesar is a 1973 blaxploitation film, starring Fred Williamson and Gloria Hendry. ... Post of film Superfly is a 1972 (see 1972 in film) blaxploitation film known primarily for its soundtrack by soul singer Curtis Mayfield (see Superfly (soundtrack)). In fact, Superfly is the only movie ever to have been outgrossed by its soundtrack. ... Blacula is the name of a fictional character that appeared in two blaxploitation horror films produced for American International Pictures in 1972 and 1973, respectively. ... Coffy , Jack Hills 1973 movie about an African American woman vigilante, catapulted Pam Grier to stardom as one of blaxploitations biggest icons. ... The Mack is a 1970s blaxploitation movie starring Max Julien and Richard Pryor. ... Melvin Van Peebles, circa 2001, as seen in the documentary The Real Deal (What it Was. ... Sweet Sweetbacks Baadasssss Song was a 1971 independent film written, produced, scored, directed by, and starring Melvin Van Peebles. ... Keenen Ivory Wayans (born June 8, 1958 in New York City, New York, USA) is an American actor, comedian, director and writer. ... Im Gonna Git You Sucka is a 1988 comedy feature film written, directed by and starring Keenen Ivory Wayans. ... Robert Townsend (born February 6, 1957 in Chicago, Illinois) is an African American film director, writer, and actor. ... Hollywood Shuffle (1987) is a film depicting the stereotyping of African Americans in film and television. ... Malcolm D. Lee (born January 11, 1970) is an African-American actor, film director, and screenwriter. ... Undercover Brother is a 2002 comedy starring Eddie Griffin and directed by Malcolm D. Lee (cousin of Spike Lee). ... Quentin Jerome Tarantino (born March 27, 1963) is a Palme dOr-winning American film director, actor, and an Oscar winning screenwriter. ... Jackie Brown is a 1997 motion picture, the third film directed by Quentin Tarantino. ...


Sex exploitation

Main article: Sexploitation

Sex exploitation, or sexploitation films, are similar to softcore pornography, in that the film serves largely as a vehicle for showing scenes involving nude or semi-nude women. While many films contain vivid sex scenes, sexploitation shows these scenes more graphically than mainstream films, often overextending the sequences or showing full frontal nudity. Russ Meyer's body of work is probably the best known example; the movie Showgirls, and the films of Andy Sidaris are examples of recent sexploitation. Gore Vidal's Caligula can be regarded as sexploitation, except that it was very high budget and even featured international stars such as Malcom McDowell and Peter O'Toole. Sexploitation is a term that was first used in the 1940s which describes media that is merely an excuse to purvey sex. ... Sexploitation is a term that was first used in the 1940s which describes media that is merely an excuse to purvey sex. ... Softcore is a form of pornography that is less explicit than hardcore pornography in depicting or describing sexual behaviour. ... Porn redirects here. ... For the baseball player, see Russ Meyer (baseball player). ... This article is about the film Showgirls. For a dancer/performer, see Showgirl. ... Andy & Arlene Sidaris Andy Sidaris (born February 20, 1933 in Chicago, Illinois) is an American film director, producer, actor and writer. ... Eugene Luther Gore Vidal (born October 3, 1925) (pronounced and , ) is an American author of novels, stage plays, screenplays, and essays, and the scion of a prominent political family. ... Caligula is a 1979 film directed by Tinto Brass, with additional scenes filmed by Bob Guccione and Giancarlo Lui, about the Roman Emperor Gaius Caesar Germanicus also known as Caligula. Caligula was written by Gore Vidal and co-financed by Penthouse magazine, though the script underwent several re-writes after... Malcolm McDowell (born June 13, 1943) is an English actor. ... Peter Seamus OToole (born August 2, 1932, uncertain but presumed correct date[1]) is an eight-time Academy Award-nominated Irish actor. ...


Shock exploitation

Shock exploitation films (shock films), are films containing content designed to be particularly shocking to the audience. These type of exploitation films focus content traditionally thought to be particularly taboo for presentation in film, such as extremely realistic graphic violence, graphic rape depictions, simulated bestiality and depictions of incest. Examples of shock films include The Last House on the Left, Fight for Your Life, Last House on Dead End Street, Ilsa, She Wolf of the SS, Men Behind the Sun, Vase de Noces, Thriller: A Cruel Picture, Combat Shock and I Spit on Your Grave. Graphic violence is the depiction of violence in media such as film, television, and video games. ... Look up Bestiality in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Incest is defined as sexual intercourse or any form of sexual activity between closely related persons, especially within the nuclear family. ... The Last House on the Left is a 1972 horror film written and directed by Wes Craven and produced by Sean S. Cunningham. ... Fight For Your Life is probably one of the most controversial exploitation films ever produced, largely because of its endless stream of racial abuse and on-screen exploits including rape, the terrorizing of an innocent baby and the murder of a child. ... Last House on Dead End Street is a 1977 horror film about a disgruntled man, recently released from prison, who takes out his anguish by making snuff films. ... Ilsa, She Wolf of the SS is a 1974 motion picture produced in the USA. The film was directed by Don Edmonds, produced by David F. Friedman and written by Jonah Royston. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Vase de Noces (1974) is a Belgian arthouse film directed by Thierry Zéno and stars Dominique Garny. ... Thriller - en grym film (Thriller - A Cruel Picture), aka They Call Her One Eye, Hookers Revenge etc. ... Combat Shock is a 1986 film released by Troma Entertainment. ... Day of the Woman, better known by its re-release title, I Spit on Your Grave, is one of the few movies directed by Meir Zarchi. ...


Biker films

1953's The Wild One, starring Marlon Brando, was perhaps the first of this subgenre that usually focuses on motorcycle gangs with plenty of sex and violence. But most of the films were made in the mid to late 1960s and early 1970s. Other biker films includes The Wild Angels (1966), Hells Angels on Wheels (1967), The Born Losers (1967), Satan's Sadists (1969), Nam's Angels (1970), and C.C. and Company (1970). The Wild One is a 1953 outlaw biker film. ... The Wild Angels (1966) is a Roger Corman film, made on location in Southern California. ... Hells Angels on Wheels is a 1967 cult film starring Jack Nicholson. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Satans Sadists (also known as Nightmare Bloodbath) is a 1969 biker film directed by Al Adamson and starring Russ Tamblyn. ... Nams Angels is a movie directed by Jack Starrett in 1970. ...


Cannibal films

Main article: Cannibal film

Cannibal films, otherwise known as the cannibal genre, are a collection of graphic, gory movies made in the early 1970s on into the late 1980s, primarily by Italian moviemakers. These movies mainly focused on torture and cannibalism by Stone-Age tribes deep in the South American or Asian rain forests, usually perpetrated against Westerners that the tribes hold prisoner. Similar to Mondo films, the main draw of cannibal films was the promise of exotic locales and graphic gore. Like the jungle adventure movies (popular in the '50s-'60s) and the Mondo shockumentaries (popular in the '60s-'70s) that came before them, these movies were often released under various alternate titles by their distributors, often capitalizing on their more successful US inspirations. These films are also notorious for their animal killings. Several scenes of animals eating prey and also the cannibals killing alligators, crocodile, snakes, and other animals. Poster for Cannibal Holocaust, one of the best-known cannibal films. ... Poster for Cannibal Holocaust, one of the best-known cannibal films. ... Poster for Cannibal Holocaust, one of the best-known cannibal films. ... Mondo film is a documentary film, more precisely a pseudo-documentary, usually depicting sensational topics and scenes. ...


Cannibal films were very popular exploitation features in the 1970s and 80s, after Umberto Lenzi made Il Paese del Sesso Selvaggio, the first film to depict on-screen cannibalism, in 1972.[1] In 1977, Ruggero Deodato made Ultimo Mondo Cannibale, inspiring several other film makers to follow suit in a period known as the cannibal boom. This period would also see the most notorious film of the subgenre, Deodato's Cannibal Holocaust (an acknowledged influence on The Blair Witch Project), in 1980. After 1981, however, the cannibal boom had ended, and cannibal films were few and far between. The fad concluded in 1988 with Mondo film director Antonio Climati's Natura contro (also known as Cannibal Holocaust II). Umberto Lenzi (born August 6, 1931), is an Italian film director who has mainly been active in low budget crime films. ... Il paese del sesso selvaggio (1972), better known as The Man from the Deep River in North America or Deep River Savages in Europe, is an Italian exploitation film directed by Umberto Lenzi. ... Ruggero Deodato, born May 7, 1939 in Potenza, Italy, film director, actor, screen writer. ... Ultimo Mondo Cannibale (released in the United States as Jungle Holocaust) is a 1977 film directed by Ruggero Deodato with Massimo Foschi, Ivan Rassimov, and Me Me Lai in the lead roles. ... The cannibal boom is a period in the history of exploitation film, starting in the early 70s then picking up roughly from 1977 to 1981, where cannibal films were at the peak of their popularity in Grindhouse theaters and cinema. ... For the Brutal Juice song, see Cannibal Holocaust (song). ... The Blair Witch Project is a low-budget American horror film released in 1999. ... Natura Contro (1988) is a jungle adventure film directed by Mondo film director Antonio Climati. ... Natura Contro (1988) is a jungle adventure film directed by Mondo film director Antonio Climati. ...


Chambara films

Main article: Chambara

In the 1970s, a brand of revisionist, non-traditional samurai film rose to some popularity in Japan, following the popularity of samurai manga by Kazuo Koike, on whose work many later films would be based. Films such as Lone Wolf and Cub, Lady Snowblood and Hanzo the Razor had few of the stoic, formal sensibilities of earlier jidaigeki films such as those by Akira Kurosawa -- the new chambara featured revenge-driven antihero protagonists, gratuitous nudity, steamy sex scenes, gruesome swordplay and gallons of blood, often spurted from wounds as if from a firehose. Many of these films were subsequently released internationally -- sometimes in truncated form, as with Shogun Assassin, an edit that combined the first two Lone Wolf and Cub films. Jidaigeki (時代劇) is a genre of television in Japan. ... This article is about the comics created in Japan. ... Kazuo Koike (小池一夫 Koike Kazuo, born May 8, 1936 in Daisen, Akita Prefecture -) is a manga-ka. ... Serialized in Action Original run September 1970 – April 1976 No. ... Lady Snowblood ) is a 1973 Japanese film directed by Toshiya Fujita and starring Meiko Kaji. ... Hanzo the Razor is a fictional character featured in the trilogy of Japanese jidaigeki films of the same name. ... Kurosawa redirects here. ... Shogun Assassin (known in Japan as Kozure ÅŒkami 子連れ狼) is a very violent jidaigeki movie made for the American market and released in 1980. ...


Famous names at this time included Sonny Chiba, Shintaro Katsu, Tomisaburo Wakayama and Meiko Kaji. Kaji, star of the Lady Snowblood films, would further contribute to Japan's exploitation output by starring in the Female Convict Scorpion series, that country's answer to the women in prison genre. Shinichi Chiba ), also known as Sonny Chiba (born January 23, 1939) in Fukuoka, Japan is a Japanese actor. ... Shintaro Katsu in Shintaro Katsus Zatoichi (1989), which he wrote, produced, directed and starred in. ... Tomisaburo Wakayama (若山富三郎, 1929-1992) was a Japanese actor, best known for playing Ogami Itto, the disgraced, scowling, 17th century ronin in the six Kozure Okami (Lone Wolf and Cub) samurai feature movies. ... Meiko Kaji on the Lady Snowblood DVD cover Meiko Kaji (Japanese: 梶芽衣子, Kaji Meiko) (born 24 March 1947 in Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan) is a Japanese singer and actress. ... Women in prison films are a subgenre of exploitation film. ...


The influence of these films can still be seen today, both in Japanese films like the Azumi series and US films like Kill Bill, whose plot and style pay homage to many of the aforementioned samurai films. It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... Kill Bill is the fourth film by writer-director Quentin Tarantino. ...


Zombie films

Zombie exploitation films are a collection of graphic, gory movies made in the early 1970s on into the late 1980s, primarily by Italian moviemakers and change it to include more over-the-top gore, less than logical story lines and nudity. Though zombie films had existed since the early 1930s, it wasn't until the late 1970s that the exploitation angle was worked into the zombie film. Most zombie exploitation was made by Italian film makers, following the success of George A. Romero's Dawn of the Dead in its European release under the title Zombi. Around the same time of the release of Dawn of the Dead, Zombi 2, by Lucio Fulci, was in the works. Though the film was written before Dawn of the Dead's release in Europe, the film was renamed to Zombi 2 to share in the success of Romero's film. This article is about the undead. ... George Andrew Romero (born February 4, 1940) is an American director, writer, editor and actor. ... For the remake, see Dawn of the Dead (2004 film) For the song by Schoolyard Heroes, see The Funeral Sciences Dawn of the Dead (also known as George A. Romeros Dawn of the Dead & Zombi internationally) is a 1978 American independent zombie horror film. ... For the remake, see Dawn of the Dead (2004 film) For the song by Schoolyard Heroes, see The Funeral Sciences Dawn of the Dead (also known as George A. Romeros Dawn of the Dead & Zombi internationally) is a 1978 American independent zombie horror film. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... German gore director Andreas Schnaas (left) and the late Lucio Fulci (right) at the 1994 Eurofest, London, England Lucio Fulci (June 17, 1927 - March 13, 1996) was an Italian film director, screenwriter, and actor. ...


Unlike Dawn of the Dead, Zombi 2 incorporated several elongated scenes of nudity and even more quantities of gore, thus popularizing the zombie exploitation film. Several imitators and spin offs followed (including a Zombi 3 and Zombi 4), bringing the European zombie craze to full steam (Fulci would again contribute with his films City of the Living Dead in 1980 and The Beyond in 1981). In the exploitation viewpoint, one of the more notable of the zombie exploitation films is Marino Girolami's 1980 film Zombie Holocaust, which combined the zombie movie with the cannibal movie. For the remake, see Dawn of the Dead (2004 film) For the song by Schoolyard Heroes, see The Funeral Sciences Dawn of the Dead (also known as George A. Romeros Dawn of the Dead & Zombi internationally) is a 1978 American independent zombie horror film. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Zombi 3 (known as Zombie Flesh Eaters 2 in the UK) is the in-name-only 1988 followup to Zombi 2, itself an unofficial sequel to 1979s Dawn of the Dead (released in Italy as Zombi). ... This article refers to the film, After Death. ... City of the Living Dead is an Italian zombie film from director Lucio Fulci. ... The Beyond (also known as E tu vivrai nel terrore - Laldilà or Seven Doors of Death) is a 1981 Italian horror movie directed by Lucio Fulci. ... Zombie Holocaust is a 1980 Italian zombie movie, directed by Marino Girolami. ... Poster for Cannibal Holocaust, one of the best-known cannibal films. ...


Mondo films

Main article: Mondo film

Mondo films, often called shockumentaries, are quasi-documentary films that focus on sensationalized topics, such as exotic customs from around the world or gruesome death footage. Similar to shock exploitation, the goal of Mondo films is to be shocking to the audience not only because they deal with taboo subject matter (for instance, foreign sexual customs or varieties of violent behavior in various societies), but because the on-camera action is allegedly real. Though some Mondo films contain certain amounts of educational material, they choose to shock its audience. Examples of using this technique while exploiting nations in the news are the documentaries on Africa, Mau Mau (1955) and Africa Addio (1966). This can be seen not only in the way the films are shot, but also by the fact that some of the most shocking footage has, in actuality, been staged.[2] Mondo film is a documentary film, more precisely a pseudo-documentary, usually depicting sensational topics and scenes. ... Mondo film is a documentary film, more precisely a pseudo-documentary, usually depicting sensational topics and scenes. ... Mondo film is a documentary film, more precisely a pseudo-documentary, usually depicting sensational topics and scenes. ... Documentary film is a broad category of visual expression that is based on the attempt, in one fashion or another, to document reality. ... This article is about cultural prohibitions in general, for other uses, see Taboo (disambiguation). ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... Africa Addio is an Italian movie documentary made in 1966 about the end of the colonial era in Africa. ...


The name "Mondo" itself comes from the first commercially successful film of this type, Mondo Cane (in Italian, this means Dog World or World as a Dog, a title meant to imply that the world, as showcased in the film, is a brutal, nasty place). Mondo Cane was followed by a number of sequels and spinoffs, many of which were also produced in Italy. Mondo films continued to be major staples in exploitation film culture through the 60s and into the late 70s, when the style of the films began to change. While at first these films contained similar content of exotic and bizarre customs, in 1978, the film Faces of Death took the focus less from worldly rituals and more on footage of human death. Since then, most of the Mondo films have been similar to death films, which, unlike their predecessors, are mostly comprised of genuine accident, suicide, and execution footage. Mondo Cane (A Dogs World, also a mild Italian curse) is a semi-documentary movie made in 1962 by Italian filmmakers Gualtiero Jacopetti and Franco Prosperi. ... This article is about Faces of Death, the film. ... Mondo film is a documentary film, more precisely a pseudo-documentary, usually depicting sensational topics and scenes. ...


Splatter films

Main article: Splatter film

A splatter film or gore film is a type of horror film that deliberately focuses on graphic portrayals of gore and violence. These films, through the use of special effects and excessive blood and guts, tend to display an overt interest in the vulnerability of the human body. Poster art for Blood Feast (1963) A splatter film or gore film is a type of horror film that deliberately focuses on graphic portrayals of gore and graphic violence. ... Poster art for Blood Feast (1963) A splatter film or gore film is a type of horror film that deliberately focuses on graphic portrayals of gore and graphic violence. ... “Horror Movie” redirects here. ...


Due to their willingness to portray images society might consider shocking, splatter films share ideological grounds with the transgressive art movement. As a distinct genre, the splatter film began in the 1960s with the films of Herschell Gordon Lewis and David F. Friedman, who became notorious for such work as Blood Feast (1963), and Two Thousand Maniacs! (1964). Transgressive art refers to art forms that transgress; i. ... Herschell Gordon Lewis (born 15 June 1926, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA) is a film-maker best known for creating the splatter film subgenre of horror. ... David F. Friedman 24 December 1923 Birmingham, Alabama, USA is an American filmmaker and producer. ... Blood Feast, a 1963 film directed by Herschell Gordon Lewis, is an American exploitation film often considered the first gore or splatter film. ... Two Thousand Maniacs! is a low budget 1964 splatter film directed and written by Herschell Gordon Lewis. ...


Spaghetti westerns and Euroflicks

Main article: Spaghetti western

Spaghetti Western is a nickname for a broad sub-genre of Western film that emerged in the mid-1960s, so named because most were produced by Italian studios. Originally they had in common the Italian language, low budgets, and a recognizable highly fluid, violent, and minimalist cinematography that eschewed (some said "demythologized") many of the conventions of earlier Westerns — partly intentionally, partly as a result of the work being done in a different cultural background and with limited funds. Examples include Django, Death Rides a Horse and The Great Silence. Once Upon a Time in the West, in true Sergio Leone style, ends with an extended shootout scene between Harmonica (Charles Bronson) and Frank (Henry Fonda). ... Django is a 1966 Italian film directed by Sergio Corbucci and starring Franco Nero in the title role. ... Death Rides a Horse (aka Da uomo a uomo, or As Man to Man) is a 1968 spaghetti western directed by Giulio Petroni, written by Luciano Vincenzoni, and starring Lee Van Cleef and John Philip Law. ... The Great Silence (Il Grande Silenzio, 1968), or The Big Silence, is an Italian spaghetti western. ...


With the rising cost of a B picture, American film exhibitors found that a foreign made film could be picked up for nearly the third of a cost of the cheapest American made film. For example Joseph E. Levine purchased the Italian made Hercules for $35,000, and years later A Fistful of Dollars was picked up for the same price. Both films did extremely well at the box office. In addition to Westerns, the European cinema (often co-productions between several European nations and featuring American and British actors whose agents couldn't get them booked on game shows) provided horror, and over the years as the genre's changed, sword and sandal, Eurospy imitation James Bond, Dirty Harry and The Godfather crime films would be dubbed into English, retitled and cheaply purchased to fill out a double feature.[3] The King of the Bs, Roger Corman, produced and directed The Raven (1963) for American International Pictures. ... Joseph E. Levine (September 9, 1905 – July 31, 1987) was an American film producer. ... For other uses, see Hercules (disambiguation). ... A Fistful of Dollars (Per un pugno di dollari in Italy and officially on-screen in the U.S. and UK as simply Fistful of Dollars) is a 1964 film directed by Sergio Leone and starring Clint Eastwood. ... D. W. Griffith set out to depict the splendor of ancient Babylon in Intolerance. ... This article is about the spy series. ... For other uses, see Dirty Harry (disambiguation). ... This article is about the 1972 film. ...


Women in prison films

Main article: Women in prison films

Women in prison films are films that feature women prisoners who are tortured, humiliated, and forced into sexual situations by sadistic wardens and guards. In turn, the prisoners often hold a bloody revolt against their captors. Like sexploitation, the main focus of women in prison films is high sexual content (while remaining softcore) or, like shock exploitation, torture and cruelty. Movies include Roger Corman's Women In Cages and Bamboo House of Dolls, Barbed Wire Dolls by Jesus Franco, Women's Prison Massacre by Joe D'Amato, Reform School Girls by Tom DeSimone, or Caged Heat by Jonathan Demme. Women in prison films are a subgenre of exploitation film. ... Women in prison films are a subgenre of exploitation film. ... Sexploitation is a term that was first used in the 1940s which describes media that is merely an excuse to purvey sex. ... Roger William Corman (born April 5, 1926), sometimes nicknamed King of the Bs for his output of B-movies (though he himself rejects this appellation as inaccurate), is a prolific American producer and director of low-budget exploitation movies, many of which are some of the most influential movies made. ... Frauengefängnis (released in America as Barbed Wire Dolls) is a 1975 Swiss film directed by Jesus Franco. ... Jesus (or Jess) Franco (born May 12, 1930 as Jesús Franco Manera) is a Spanish film director, writer, cinematographer and actor. ... Laura Gemser in Joe dAmatos Emanuelle and the Last Cannibals ( 1977) Joe DAmato, byname of Aristide Massaccesi (December 15, 1936 - January 23, 1999) was an Italian director of numerous horror and hardcore pornography titles. ... Reform School Girls is a 1986 American film directed by Tom DeSimone, starring Wendy O. Williams, Pat Ast, and Sybil Danning. ... Caged Heat (alternate title: Renegade Girls) is a 1974 exploitation film in the women in prison genre. ... Jonathan Demme (born February 22, 1944, in Baldwin, New York) is an American film director, producer and writer. ...


Other sub-genres

  • Bruceploitation: Films profiting from the death of Bruce Lee.
  • Giallo: Italian thriller.
  • Nunsploitation: Featuring nuns in dangerous or erotic situations, such as Sinful Nuns of Saint Valentines.
  • Nazisploitation: Films such as Ilsa, She-Wolf of the SS, Last Orgy of the Third Reich, and Love Camp 7; sometimes tied with Women in prison films since they share a common theme of incarcerated women.
  • Pornochanchada: Brazilian naïve softcore pornographic films produced mostly in the 1970s, curiously the years when the country was under a right-wing military dictatorship.
  • Pinku eiga(Pink Film): Japanese sexploitation films popular throughout the 70s, often featuring softcore sex, rape, torture, BDSM and other sexual subjects that were considered erotic.
  • Dyxploitation (dyke): Lesbian chic films.
  • Hixploitation (hick): Stereotype films about the American South (see hillbilly and Good ol' boy).
  • Cat III: Chinese films popular throughout the mid 80s to mid 90s usually focusing on serial killers or rapists and the police's search for them and frequently displaying various forms of explicit violence. Named after the age certificates they would receive in Hong Kong (Audiences 18 years or older).
  • Teensploitation: the exploitation of teenagers by the producers of teen-oriented films, with plots involving drugs, sex, alcohol and crime; examples include juvenile delinquent films and slasher films. The word Teensploitation first appeared in a show business publication in 1982 and was included in the Merriam Websters Collegiate Dictionary for the first time in 2004.
  • Rape / Revenge: films in which a woman is raped and then, in turn, exacts a violent and often more gruesome revenge upon her attacker.
  • Martial arts film: kung fu and Hong Kong action cinema.
  • Slasher film:sub-genre of horror film typically involving a psychopathic killer (often wearing a mask) who stalks and graphically murders a series of victims in a random, unprovoked fashion, killing many within a single day.
  • Revenge films: films where a protagonist gets back at those who have hurt them or someone they love. (see vigilante)
  • Propaganda film:a film, either a documentary-style production or a fictional screenplay, that is produced to convince the viewer of a certain political point or influence the opinions or behavior of people, often by providing deliberately misleading, propagandistic content.
  • Carsploitation: cruising/racing/chasing/crashing chic films
  • Eschploitation (eschatology): apocalyptic Christian end-times thrillers.
  • Britsploitation: An exploitation film set in Great Britain.

Some exploitation movies cross categories freely. Doris Wishman's Let Me Die A Woman contains both shock documentary and sex exploitation elements. Bruceploitation is a cultural phenomenon mostly seen in the 1970s after the untimely death of martial artist and martial arts actor Bruce Lee in 1973. ... Bruce Lee (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: Lǐ XiÇŽolóng; Cantonese Yale: Léih Síulùhng; November 27, 1940 – July 20, 1973) was a Chinese-American martial artist, philosopher, instructor, and martial arts actor widely regarded as the most influential martial artist of the 20th century and a... S.S. Van Dines The Benson Murder Case, the first giallo ever published (1929). ... Nunsploitation is a subgenre of exploitation film, which had its peak in Europe in the 1970s. ... Nazi exploitation is a subgenre of exploitation film and sexploitation film. ... Ilsa, She Wolf of the SS is a 1974 motion picture produced in the USA. The film was directed by Don Edmonds, produced by David F. Friedman and written by Jonah Royston. ... Love Camp 7 is a 1969 film directed by American director Lee Frost and written by Bob Cresse. ... Women in prison films are a subgenre of exploitation film. ... Movie poster for O Bem Dotado, o Homem de Itu (1978) with Nuno Leal Maia Pornochanchada is the name given to a genre of sexploitation films produced in Brazil that was popular during the 1970s. ... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A dictatorship is an autocratic form of government in which the government is ruled by a dictator. ... Pinku eiga (ピンク映画, lit. ... Hillbilly is a term, often considered pejorative but sometimes endearing, referring to people who dwell in remote, rural, mountainous areas. ... For the exclusionary power structure, see Good ol boy network. ... The cinema of Hong Kong is one of the three major threads in the history of Chinese language cinema, alongside the cinema of China, and the cinema of Taiwan. ... Rape / Revenge is a genre of exploitation films that was particularly popular in the 1970s. ... Martial arts film is a film genre that originated in the Pacific Rim. ... The original 1974 Black Christmas is considered the first authentic slasher. ... For other uses, see Vigilante (disambiguation). ... The Why We Fight Series depicts the Nazi propaganda machine. ... Doris Wishman (July 23, 1912 - August 10, 2002) was an American screenwriter. ... Let Me Die a Woman is a 1978 documentary film by exploitation film director Doris Wishman. ...


Directors associated with exploitation film

Kenneth Anger Kenneth Anger (born February 3, 1927 in Santa Monica, California as Kenneth Wilbur Anglemyer) is an underground avant-garde film-maker and author. ... Stephen C. Apostolof (born 25 February 1928 in Burgas, Bulgaria, died 14 August 2005, Mesa, Arizona), sometimes credited under aliases A.C. Stephen(s) or Robert Lee, was an Bulgarian-American erotic filmmaker. ... William Beaudine (January 15, 1892 - March 18, 1970) was an American film director. ... Giovanni Brass (born March 26, 1933), better known as Tinto Brass, is one of the most well-known and controversial Italian filmmakers. ... Benjamin Bob Clark (August 5, 1941[1] – April 4, 2007) was an American director known for the 1982 hit film Porkys and its sequel Porkys II: The Next Day. ... Larry Clark (born 1943) is an American film director, photographer, writer and producer who is most well known for the movie Kids. ... Roger William Corman (born April 5, 1926), sometimes nicknamed King of the Bs for his output of B-movies (though he himself rejects this appellation as inaccurate), is a prolific American producer and director of low-budget exploitation movies, many of which are some of the most influential movies made. ... Wesley Earl Craven (born August 2, 1939 in Cleveland, Ohio) is an American film director and writer best known as the creator of many horror films, including the famed Nightmare on Elm Street series featuring the redoubtable Freddy Krueger character. ... Laura Gemser in Joe dAmatos Emanuelle and the Last Cannibals ( 1977) Joe DAmato, byname of Aristide Massaccesi (December 15, 1936 - January 23, 1999) was an Italian director of numerous horror and hardcore pornography titles. ... Ruggero Deodato, born May 7, 1939 in Potenza, Italy, film director, actor, screen writer. ... Donald Michael Dohler (January 27, 1946 – December 2, 2006) was an American film director known for making low-budget science fiction and horror films as well as work in underground comix and publishing. ... David E. Durston is an American screenwriter and film director most well known for directing the Charles Manson-inspired cult classic drive-in horror exploitation film, I Drink Your Blood, which was originally released in 1970. ... Dwain Esper (October 7, 1892—October 18, 1982) is a director and producer of exploitation films (some of which were written by Espers wife, Hildegarde Stadie). ... Michael and Roberta Findlay were a husband and wife team that directed and produced of horror and sexploitation movies. ... Jesus (or Jess) Franco (born May 12, 1930 as Jesús Franco Manera) is a Spanish film director, writer, cinematographer and actor. ... Samuel Fuller (1987) Samuel Michael Fuller (August 12, 1912 – October 30, 1997) was an American film director. ... William Girdler was an Amerian filmmaker, who in a span of seven years (1972-1978) made nine feature films in such genres as horror and action, before dying at the early age of 30. ... Jack Hill (born 1933) is an American film director, noted for his work in the exploitation film genre. ... Tobe Hooper (born Tobias Paul Hooper on January 25, 1943) is an American television and film director best known for his work in the horror film genre, including Lifeforce, Poltergeist, Toolbox Murders and the cult classic The Texas Chain Saw Massacre (1974). ... Lloyd Kaufman Lloyd Kaufman is an American film director, producer, and documentarian. ... José Ramón Larraz (1929) is Spanish filmmaker. ... Umberto Lenzi (born August 6, 1931), is an Italian film director who has mainly been active in low budget crime films. ... Herschell Gordon Lewis (born 15 June 1926, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA) is a film-maker best known for creating the splatter film subgenre of horror. ... Radley Metzger (born 21 January 1929) is a American independent filmmaker of mainly erotic movies. ... For the baseball player, see Russ Meyer (baseball player). ... Ron Ormond (29 August 1910-11 May 1981) was an American author, showman, screenwriter, film producer, and film director of Western, musical, and exploitation films. ... Melvin Van Peebles, circa 2001, as seen in the documentary The Real Deal (What it Was. ... For the American composer born 1946, see Robert Xavier Rodriguez. ... Fred Olen Ray (born 10 September 1954 in Wellston, Ohio) is a prolific filmmaker. ... Jean Rollin on the set of La Vampire nue, 1969. ... Juan Piquer Simón is an Spanish film director most well known for directing the cult classic horror exploitation films, Pieces (1982 film) and Slugs: The Movie (1988). ... There are several people named Jack Smith: Jack Smith, the co-founder of Hotmail Jack Smith, actor Jack Smith, Liverpool football player Jack Smith, Manchester United football player Jack Smith, musician Jack Smith, NASCAR driver Jack Smith, Canadian politician Jack Smith (baseball player), Former minor league baseball player This is... Ray Dennis Steckler (born 1939), widely known by the pseudonym Cash Flagg, is an American film director. ... Quentin Jerome Tarantino (born March 27, 1963) is a Palme dOr-winning American film director, actor, and an Oscar winning screenwriter. ... John Waters (born April 22, 1946) is an American filmmaker, writer, personality, visual artist and art collector, who rose to fame in the early 1970s for his transgressive cult films. ... Doris Wishman (July 23, 1912 - August 10, 2002) was an American screenwriter. ... Edward Davis Wood, Jr. ... Jim Wynorski (b. ... Robert Cummings (born January 12, 1965 in Haverhill, Massachusetts), better known as Rob Zombie, is an American musician, film director, and writer. ...

Other important figures in exploitation film

The early AIP logo. ... Howard W. Kroger Babb (December 30, 1906 - January 28, 1980) was an American film and television producer. ... Karen Black (born July 1, 1939) is an Academy Award-nominated American actress, screenwriter, singer and songwriter. ... David F. Friedman 24 December 1923 Birmingham, Alabama, USA is an American filmmaker and producer. ... German gore director Andreas Schnaas (left) and the late Lucio Fulci (right) at the 1994 Eurofest, London, England Lucio Fulci (June 17, 1927 - March 13, 1996) was an Italian film director, screenwriter, and actor. ... There is more than one person with the name James Gunn. ... Sid Haig (born July 14, 1939)[1] is an American film actor. ... Sam S. Millard (also known as Elid Stanch,[1] ?? - 1950s[2]) was a filmmaker from the 1920s through the 1950s and 1960s. ... Andy Milligan (January 31, 1929 – June 3, 1991) was an American playwright, screenwriter, and film director whose work includes 27 films made between 1963 and 1991. ... William Moseley (born November 11, 1951) is an American film actor who has starred in a number of cult classic horror films. ... K. Gordon Murray (1922-1979) was an American producer, most notable for his redubbing and re-releasing of foreign fairy tale films for U.S. audiences. ... (Box Office Spectaculars redirects here) Bob Murawski is the American film editor who often works with film director Sam Raimi (of the Spider-Man and Evil Dead series of films). ... Harry Novak, the sexploitation king, produced a prolific number of exploitation films from the early 60s to the mid-70s. ... For the American composer born 1946, see Robert Xavier Rodriguez. ... Eli Roth (born April 18, 1972) is an American film director, producer, writer and actor. ... Something Weird Video is an American publisher of video tapes and DVDs. ... Sage Stallone (born May 5, 1976 in Los Angeles, California), is an american actor and is the son of actor Sylvester Stallone. ... Quentin Jerome Tarantino (born March 27, 1963) is a Palme dOr-winning American film director, actor, and an Oscar winning screenwriter. ... Troma is a film production and distribution company founded by Lloyd Kaufman and Michael Herz in 1974. ... Lloyd Kaufman Lloyd Kaufman is an American film director, producer, and documentarian. ... Michael Herz is an American film producer, director, and screenwriter. ... George Weiss (April 9, 1921) is an American film producer who specialized in Z-Movies during the 1950s. ... Robert Cummings (born January 12, 1965 in Haverhill, Massachusetts), better known as Rob Zombie, is an American musician, film director, and writer. ... Herschell Gordon Lewis (born 15 June 1926, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA) is a film-maker best known for creating the splatter film subgenre of horror. ...

See also

The aestheticization of violence in high culture art or mass media is the depiction of violence in a manner that is stylistically excessive in a significant and sustained way so that audience members are able to connect references from the play of images and signs to artworks, genre conventions, cultural... The King of the Bs, Roger Corman, produced and directed The Raven (1963) for American International Pictures. ... A cult film is a film that has acquired a highly devoted but relatively small group of fans. ... Video nasty was a term coined in the United Kingdom in the 1980s that originally applied to a number of films distributed on video cassette that were criticised for their violent content by elements in the press and commentators such as Mary Whitehouse. ... A classic midnight movie in every sense of the term, Tod Brownings Freaks (1932) is the sort of (then) obscure horror film shown on late-night TV beginning in the 1950s; in the 1970s and early 1980s it was a staple of midnight screenings at theaters around the U...

References

  1. ^ Lenzi, Umberto. Interview with Shriek Show. Man from Deep River DVD Extras.
  2. ^ Kerekes, David; David Slater (1996). Killing for Culture: An Illustrated History of Death Film from Mondo to Snuff. Creation Books. ISBN 1-871592-20-8. 
  3. ^ Bergfelder, Tim International Adventures: German Popular Cinema and European Co-Production 2006 Berghahn Books
  • Eric Schaefer, Bold! Daring! Shocking! True!": A History of Exploitation Films, 1919–1959 Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1999
  • Jeffrey Sconce, "'Trashing' the Academy: Taste, Excess, and an Emerging Politics of Cinematic Style", Screen vol. 36 no. 4, Winter 1995, pp. 371-393.
  • Cathal Tohill and Pete Tombs, Immoral Tales: European Sex & Horror Movies 1956-1984, 1994. ISBN 0-312-13519-X
  • V. Vale and Andrea Juno, RE/Search No. 10: Incredibly Strange Films RE/Search Publications, 1986. ISBN 0-940642-09-3
  • Ephraim Katz, The Film Encyclopedia 5e: The Most Comprehensive Encyclopedia of World Cinema in a Single Volume (Film Encyclopedia), 2005. ISBN 0-06-074214-3
  • Benedikt Eppenberger, Daniel Stapfer Maedchen, Machos und Moneten: Die unglaubliche Geschichte des Schweizer Kinounternehmers Erwin C. Dietrich. Mit einem Vorwort von Jess Franco. Verlag Scharfe Stiefel, Zurich, 2006, ISBN 3-033-00960-3

Umberto Lenzi (born August 6, 1931), is an Italian film director who has mainly been active in low budget crime films. ... Immoral Tales is the title of : A 1994 non fiction book Immoral Tales: European Sex & Horror Movies 1956-1984 by Cathal Tohill and Pete Tombs, that won the Bram Stoker Award for Best Non-Fiction. ... RE/Search No. ... RE/Search Publications is a United States magazine and book publisher, based in San Francisco, founded and edited by V. Vale in 1980. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Erwin C. Dietrich (born October 4, 1930 in St. ... Jesus (or Jess) Franco (born May 12, 1930 as Jesús Franco Manera) is a Spanish film director, writer, cinematographer and actor. ...

External links

  • THE DEUCE: Grindhouse Cinema Database The original Grindhouse/Classic Exploitation Cinema Wiki.
  • "Lights! Camera! Apocalypse!", an article about Rapture films as Christian exploitation filmmaking
  • Lurid Cinema - Babes, Bimbos & Badasses Top 250 Exploitation & Grindhouse Movie List
For other meanings, see Rapture (disambiguation). ... Indie, an abbreviation of independent, is a term regarding a trend seen in music, film, business and subculture originating in the late 20th century. ... For the publisher Alternative Comics, see Alternative Comics (publisher). ... A fanzine (see also: zine) is a nonprofessional publication produced by fans of a particular cultural phenomenon (such as a literary or musical genre) for the pleasure of others who share their interest. ... An Amateur Press Association or APA is a group of people who produce individual pages or magazines that are sent to a Central Mailer for collation and distribution to all members of the group. ... The Dun Emer Press in 1903 with Elizabeth Yeats working the hand press Small press is a term often used to describe publishers who typically specialize in genre fiction, or limited edition books or magazines. ... A minicomic is a small, creator-published comic book, often photocopied and stapled or with a handmade binding. ... Minicomics Co-Ops: The United Fanzine Organization, or UFO, is a co-op of minicomic creators that has existed since about 1968. ... In popular music, independent music, often abbreviated as indie, is a term used to describe genres, scenes, subcultures, styles and other cultural attributes in music, characterized by their independence from major commercial record labels and their autonomous, do-it-yourself approach to recording and publishing. ... An independent record label is variously described as a record label operating without the funding (or outside the organizations) of the major record labels, and/or a label that subscribes to indie philosophies such as DIY and anti-corporate art. ... Categories: Wikipedia cleanup | Stub ... An independent film, or indie film, is usually a low-budget film that is produced by a small movie studio. ... Home Movies is a dialogue-driven animated series about 8-year-old Brendon Small (voiced by the creator, head writer, and lead musician of Home Movies Brendon Small), who makes films with his friends, Melissa and Jason, in his spare time. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... An independent station is a television station that is not affiliated with any network. ... The double feature, also known as a double bill, was a motion picture industry phenomenon in which theatre managers would exhibit two films for the price of one, supplanting an earlier format in which one feature film and various short subject reels would be shown. ... The King of the Bs, Roger Corman, produced and directed The Raven (1963) for American International Pictures. ... This is a history of the early decades of the B movie, from its roots in the silent era through Hollywoods Golden Age of the 1930s and 1940s. ... This is a history of B movies in the 1950s. ... This is a history of B movies in the 1960s and 1970s. ... This is a history of B movies from the 1980s to the present. ... Z-movie (or Grade-Z movie) is a term applied to films with an extremely low budget and a miserable quality. ... A classic midnight movie in every sense of the term, Tod Brownings Freaks (1932) is the sort of (then) obscure horror film shown on late-night TV beginning in the 1950s; in the 1970s and early 1980s it was a staple of midnight screenings at theaters around the U... Software cracking is the modification of software to remove protection methods: copy prevention, trial/demo version, serial number, hardware key, CD check or software annoyances like nag screens and adware. ... The Scene is a term used by people belonging to various communities like the Demoscene, Artscene, Software cracker community, Reverse engineering community as well as the wider warez community, to describe the greater community they collectively belong to. ... Homebrew is a term frequently applied only to video games that are produced by consumers on proprietary game platforms; in other words, game platforms that are not typically user-programmable, or use proprietary hardware for storage. ... An amateur adventure game is a freeware computer game belonging to the adventure genre. ... An indie role-playing game is a role-playing game published outside of traditional, mainstream means. ... -1... Independent soda is soft drink generally made by smaller privately run businesses or smaller corporations who use alternative marketing strategies to promote their product. ... For other meanings, see Homebrew. ... The indie design movement is made up of independent designers, artists and craftspeople who design and make a wide array of products without being part of large, industrialized businesses. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Exploitation film - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1632 words)
Exploitation films, exploitative films or trash cinema is a genre of films that typically sacrifice traditional notions of artistic merit for a sensational display, often featuring sex, gore, and violence.
Classic Exploitation films made in the 1930s and 1940s were sensationalist fare at the time, and are now valued by aficionados for their nostalgic and ironic value.
A particularly important type of exploitation film of this era was the "sex hygiene" exploitation film, a remnant from the social or mental hygiene movement of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Exploitation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1702 words)
This corresponds to one ethical conception of exploitation, that is, the treatment of human beings as mere means to an end — or as mere "objects".
The focus of most assertions about the existence of exploitation is the socio-economic phenomenon where people trade their labor or allegiance to a powerful entity, such as the state, a corporation or any other private company.
While other theories emphasize the exploitation of one individual by an organization (or vice versa), the Marxist theory is primarily concerned with the exploitation of an entire segment or class of society by another.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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