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Encyclopedia > Experimental rock
Indie rock
Stylistic origins: Punk rock
Hardcore punk
Post-punk
Garage rock
Alternative Rock
No Wave
mod revival
Cultural origins: 1980s United Kingdom and United States
Typical instruments: Guitar - Bass - Drums - Keyboard
Mainstream popularity: Largely underground, but some bands have had mainstream success.
Regional scenes
Largely global, England - Scotland - Wales - Ireland - USA - Canada - Sweden - Japan
Other topics
Timeline of alternative rock- Timeline of punk rock

Experimental rock or Avant rock is a type of art music based on rock and roll which experiments with the basic elements of the genre, and/or which pushes the boundaries of common composition and performance technique. Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Post punk generally refers to the particularly fertile and creative period following the initial punk rock explosion. During the first wave of punk, roughly spanning 1976-1983, bands such as The Sex Pistols, The Clash, The Ramones and The Damned began to challenge the current styles and conventions of rock... Garage rock is a raw form of rock and roll that enjoyed its original period of wide success in the United States and Canada, from 1963 to 1967. ... Alternative rock (also called alternative music or simply alternative; known primarily in the UK as indie) is a genre of rock music that emerged in the 1980s and became widely popular in the 1990s. ... No Wave was a short-lived but influential music and art scene that thrived briefly in New York City during the late 1970s and early 1980s alongside the punk scene there. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The electric bass guitar (or electric bass) is a string instrument played with the fingers by plucking, slapping, or using a pick. ... For other kinds of drums, see drum (disambiguation). ... A short grand piano, with the top up. ... The Music of England has a long history. ... Silly Wizard The Tannahill Weavers Scotland is internationally known for its traditional music, which has remained vibrant throughout the 20th century, when many traditional forms worldwide lost popularity to pop music. ... Wales is a part of the United Kingdom, but is a culturally and politically separate Celtic country. ... This is a timeline of alternative rock, from its beginnings in the 1970s to the present. ... This is a timeline of punk rock, from its beginnings in the early 1960s to the present time. ... This article is about the broad genre of classical music in the Western musical tradition. ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... For experimental rock music, see experimental rock. ...


Performers may also attempt to individualize their music with unconventional time signatures, instrumental tunings, compositional styles, lyrical techniques, elements of other musical genres, singing styles, or instrumental effects. The time signature (also known as meter signature) is a notational device used in Western musical notation to specify how many beats are in each bar and which note value (minim, crotchet, eighth note and so on) constitutes one beat. ... Musical genres are categories which contain music which share a certain style or which have certain elements in common. ...


History

The mid- to late 60s was an era of explosive growth and experimentation in rock music. Bands drew influences from free jazz artists such as John Coltrane and Sun Ra and avant-garde composers like John Cage and Karlheinz Stockhausen. Notable experimental bands in this period include The Velvet Underground, Captain Beefheart and the Magic Band, and The Mothers of Invention. This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... John William Coltrane (September 23, 1926 – July 17, 1967), nicknamed Trane, was an American jazz saxophonist and composer. ... Sun Ra (Born Herman Poole Blount; legal name Le Sonyr Ra;[1] born May 22, 1914 in Birmingham, Alabama, died May 30, 1993 in Birmingham, Alabama) was an innovative jazz composer, bandleader, piano and synthesizer player, poet and philosopher who came to be known as much for his cosmic... A work similar to Marcel Duchamps Fountain Avant garde (written avant-garde) is a French phrase, one of many French phrases used by English speakers. ... For Mortal Kombat character, see Johnny Cage. ... Karlheinz Stockhausen (born August 22, 1928) is a German composer, and one of the most important and controversial composers of the 20th century. ... This article is about the American rock band. ... Don Van Vliet (born Don Glen Vliet on January 15, 1941, in Glendale, California, USA) is a musician and visual artist, best known by the pseudonym Captain Beefheart. ... Frank Vincent Zappa (December 21, 1940 - December 4, 1993) was an American rock/jazz fusion musician, composer, and satirist. ...


Influenced by the experiments of these groups came another wave experimental rock bands in the early 1970's. There was, for instance, the so-called Krautrock scene in Germany, which included psychedelic bands like Amon Düül II, sound-collage artists like Faust, and the extremely improvisational and almost unclassifiable Can. Brian Eno was another important figure, especially after his departure from Roxy Music in order to pursue his own ideas (which ultimately led to his invention of the term "ambient music"). Some other artists in this period, such as David Bowie and Scott Walker, also departing from more pop-oriented styles in order to experiment with songwriting and production. At the same time, there was the experimental wing of the already somewhat experimental progressive rock scene, including a number of bands who were influenced by contemporary classical music -- Magma, Henry Cow, Area, Univers Zero, and so on. There are many avant-prog bands still active, including Sleepytime Gorilla Museum and Koenjihyakkei. Krautrock is a generic name for the experimental music that appeared in Germany in the late 1960s and gained popularity throughout the 1970s. ... Two German rock groups named Amon Düül, of which the most famous is Amon Düül II, formed during the student movement of the 1960s. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Can was a musical group formed in West Germany in 1968. ... Brian Eno (pronounced ) (born Brian Peter George St. ... Roxy Music are an English art rock group founded in the early 1970s by art school graduate Bryan Ferry (vocals and keyboards). ... Ambient music is a musical genre that incorporates elements of a number of different styles - including jazz, electronic music, new age, modern classical music, traditional, world, and noise. ... David Bowie (IPA: []) (born David Robert Jones on 8 January 1947) is an English singer, songwriter, actor, multi-instrumentalist, producer, arranger and audio engineer. ... Scott Walker is the stage name of the American singer-songwriter Noel Scott Engel (born 9 January 1943 in Hamilton, Ohio). ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... In the broadest sense, contemporary music is any music being written in the present day. ... Magma is a French progressive rock band founded in Paris in 1969 by classically-trained drummer Christian Vander, who claimed as his inspiration a vision of humanitys spiritual and ecological future that profoundly disturbed him. ... Henry Cow was an English avant-garde rock group, founded at Cambridge University in 1968 by multi-instrumentalists Fred Frith and Tim Hodgkinson. ... Area was an Italian jazz fusion and progressive rock group formed in 1972. ... Univers Zéro are an instrumental Belgian band known for playing dark music heavily influenced by 20th century chamber music. ... Avant-progressive rock is a style of rock music that explores unconventional territory, often incorporating non-standard chord progressions, tempo changes within a piece, odd time signatures, avant garde passages and complex horn and orchestral arrangements. ... Sleepytime Gorilla Museum (often abbreviated to SGM) are an American avant-rock band, formed in 1999 in Oakland, California. ... Koenji Hyakkei (高円寺百景 - Hundred Sights of Koenji) is a Japanese Zeuhl band led by Yoshida Tatsuya of Ruins fame. ...


In the late 70s, punk rock developed a number of experimental offshoots, most notably post-punk. This genre includes everything from arty punk rockers like Pere Ubu and Suicide to the noise-rock of Public Image Ltd.. Other punk offshoots included Industrial music (bands such as Cabaret Voltaire, Einstürzende Neubauten and Throbbing Gristle) and No Wave (bands such as James Chance and the Contortions and DNA). These scenes are all still active in the 00s, as evidenced by bands like Life Without Buildings and Chicks on Speed. Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... Post punk generally refers to the particularly fertile and creative period following the initial punk rock explosion. During the first wave of punk, roughly spanning 1976-1983, bands such as The Sex Pistols, The Clash, The Ramones and The Damned began to challenge the current styles and conventions of rock... Pere Ubu (or Père Ubu) is the enigmatic central figure of Ubu Roi, a play by Alfred Jarry an experimental Cleveland rock music group named for the above; see Pere Ubu (band) Category: ... Suicide is an American rock music group intermittently active since 1971 and composed of Alan Vega (vocals) and Martin Rev (synthesizers and drum machines). ... Public Image Ltd. ... It has been suggested that Chicago Industrial be merged into this article or section. ... Cabaret Voltaire was a British music group from Sheffield, England. ... Einstürzende Neubauten is an experimental music band, originally from West Berlin, formed in 1980. ... Throbbing Gristle (formed on September 3, 1975, in London) is a British experimental music and industrial music group that evolved from the performance art group COUM Transmissions. ... No Wave was a short-lived but influential music and art scene that thrived briefly in New York City during the late 1970s and early 1980s alongside the punk scene there. ... One of the original punk-jazz groups of the New York No Wave scene, the Contortions were led by saxophone player James Chance, aka James White. ... DNA was a short-lived but influential New York rock band, associated with the no wave movement. ... Life Without Buildings was a Glasgow, Scotland based post-punk band. ... Chicks on Speed are a female electropop group which got its origins in Munich, formed in 1997 after the members had met through the Academy of Fine Arts, Munich. ...


The late 80s alternative scene saw the rise of a number of bands influenced by the Velvet Underground, including Sonic Youth, Dinosaur Jr., and Big Black. Many indie rock bands became experimental and diverged into a style called Post-rock; major influences on this style include Slint, who were influenced by Hardcore punk, and Talk Talk's later works, which were influenced by Miles Davis and ambient music. By now "post-rock" can refer to almost any complex instrumental rock coming out of the indie scene, from the delicate, classical-influenced chamber rock of Rachel's to the massive, forbidding sonic landscapes of Godspeed You! Black Emperor. Sonic Youth is a seminal American alternative rock group formed in New York City in 1981. ... Dinosaur Jr is an American indie rock band. ... Big Black was a rock band founded in Chicago, Illinois and active between 1982 and 1987. ... Indie rock is a subgenre of rock music often used to refer to bands that are on small independent record labels or that arent on labels at all. ... The term post-rock was coined by Simon Reynolds in issue 123 of The Wire (May 1994) to describe a sort of music using rock instrumentation for non-rock purposes, using guitars as facilitators of timbres and textures rather than riffs and powerchords. ... Slint was a rock/math rock band consisting of Brian McMahan (guitar and vocals), David Pajo (guitar), Britt Walford (drums), Todd Brashear (bass on Spiderland) and Ethan Buckler (bass on Tweez). ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Talk Talk was a popular English music group that was active from 1981 to 1991. ... Miles Dewey Davis III (26 May 1926 – 28 September 1991) was one of the most influential musicians of the latter half of the 20th century. ... Ambient music is a musical genre that incorporates elements of a number of different styles - including jazz, electronic music, new age, modern classical music, traditional, world, and noise. ... Rachels is an experimental indie rock group with three members, Jason Noble, Christian Frederickson, and Rachel Grimes. ... Godspeed You! Black Emperor (formerly punctuated Godspeed You Black Emperor!) is an avant-garde Canadian post-rock band based in Montreal, Quebec. ...


As the 90s progressed, non-instrumental forms of indie rock also became increasingly experimental. Some of the innovators in this area were bands associated with the Elephant 6 collective, such as Neutral Milk Hotel and The Olivia Tremor Control; later experimental indie bands include Deerhoof, Liars, U.S. Maple, Xiu Xiu, The Fiery Furnaces, Animal Collective, Scarling. and Wolf Parade. Neptune is an experimental noise music band from Boston that built all their custom made guitars and basses out of heaps of scrap metal. The Elephant Six Recording Company was a musical collective founded in Athens, Georgia, USA, by Bill Doss, Will Cullen Hart (both, now formerly, of Olivia Tremor Control), Jeff Mangum (of Neutral Milk Hotel), and Robert Schneider (of the Apples in Stereo), the four of whom grew up making music in... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Olivia Tremor Control was an Athens, Georgia indie rock band in the mid- to late 1990s which, along with The Apples in Stereo and Neutral Milk Hotel, was one of the three original Elephant Six projects. ... Deerhoof is an experimental rock band from San Francisco. ... Liars can refer to: The album by Todd Rundgren The indie rock band. ... U.S. Maple began in Chicago sometime in 1995. ... This article concerns Xiu Xiu, the California-based rock band. ... Matthew and Eleanor Friedberger of The Fiery Furnaces. ... Animal Collective is a New York City-based group of experimental musicians from Baltimore, Maryland. ... Scarling. ... Wolf Parade is an indie rock band from Victoria, British Columbia, now based in Montreal, Quebec. ... Neptune Neptune is a noise music band from Boston that built all their custom made guitars and basses out of heaps of scrap metal. ... A custom made instrument is a musical instrument that is considered to be of ones own design or a modification or extension of a defined guideline of a certain instrument. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
beepSNORT: Experimental Rock as Contemporary Music - Just Another Crossover Gambit? (1437 words)
Art rock ensembles can certainly be considered an attempt to not just create a popular avant garde, but to act childish in the face of this current contemporary music gerontocracy.
I will admit to a fondness for early Branca guitar orchestra work, however, but that seems to defy the definition of experimental rock as it was the misuse of gigantic numbers of electric guitars that made his early work so compelling.
Sure, the instruments used in a rock ensemble are potentially useful; _all_ the materials of rock are fair game, and there are indeed rock bands whose playing is so tight that their discipline may be advantageously emulated.
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