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Encyclopedia > Expatriate
Expatriate French voters queue in Lausanne for the first round of the presidential election of 2007
Expatriate French voters queue in Lausanne for the first round of the presidential election of 2007

An expatriate (in abbreviated form, expat) is a person temporarily or permanently residing in a country and culture other than that of the person's upbringing or legal residence. The word comes from the Latin ex (out of) and patria (country, fatherland), and is sometimes misspelled (either unintentionally or intentionally) as ex-patriot or short ex-pat (because of its pronunciation). The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (4368 × 2912 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (4368 × 2912 pixel, file size: 1. ... Lausanne (pronounced ) is a city in the French-speaking part of Switzerland, situated on the shores of Lake Geneva (French: Lac Léman), and facing Évian-les-Bains (France) and with the Jura mountains to its north. ... The 2007 French presidential election, the ninth of the Fifth French Republic was held to elect the successor to Jacques Chirac as president of France for a five-year term. ... Residency is the act of establishing or maintaining a residence in a given place. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... Defence of the fatherland is a commonplace of patriotism: The statue in the courtyard of École polytechnique, Paris, commemorating the students involvement in defending France against the 1814 invasion of the Coalition. ...

Contents

Background

The term is often used in the context of Westerners living in non-Western countries, although it is also used to describe Westerners living in other Western countries, such as Americans living in the United Kingdom, or Britons living in Spain. It may also reasonably refer to Japanese living, for example, in New York City. The key determinant would seem to be cultural/socioeconomic and causation. For alternative meanings for The West in the United States, see the U.S. West and American West. ... Languages Cornish, Dgèrnésiais, English, French, Irish, Jèrriais, Manx, Scots, Scottish Gaelic, Welsh, Llanito Religions Anglican, Presbyterianism, Roman Catholicism - Related ethnic groups British-Americans, Anglo-Celtic Australian, Anglo-African, Belongers, English Canadians, Channel Islanders, Cornish, English, Anglo-Irish, Ulster-Scots, Irish, Manx, New Zealand European, Scottish, Welsh British...


Expatriate can just as well be used to describe any person living in a country other than where they hold citizenship, but is generally not used for government officials stationed in a foreign country. “Citizen” redirects here. ...


During the 19th century and early 20th century, tens of millions of Europeans flocked to the United States in search of better living conditions, work, and freedom from oppression and political turmoil. Their expectations were often high, sometimes inflated by myths as incredible as the streets being paved with gold. These expatriates usually stayed for the rest of their lives and, due to the liberal immigration laws of the time, became citizens. The practice of granting property rights to European immigrants in the territories tempted many European expatriates of this time to stay and raise American families. Since many of the Native American people had already been wiped out by disease or genocide, inflicted upon them by "New World" settlers, in the 16th through 18th centuries [citation needed], these lands were an untouched, mostly unpopulated wilderness, very rich in natural resources. These pioneering expatriates' descendants make up the majority of the United States' population today.[citation needed] Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Conversely, during the same time period, a much smaller group of Americans, numbering perhaps in the thousands, were drawn to Europe—especially to Munich and Paris—to study the art of painting. Henry James was a famous expatriate American writer from the 1870s, who adopted England as his home. For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of France. ... For other uses of this name, see Henry James (disambiguation). ... A writer is anyone who creates a written work, although the word more usually designates those who write creatively or professionally, or those who have written in many different forms. ... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ...


A nickname in the UK for former expatriates who have returned to Britain is the "When I"s, or "When we"s, as they are accused of starting conversations by saying "When I was in Rhodesia" or "When we were in Singapore". EXAMPLE:Laughbox,Blondie,BamBam,Pinkie,etc. ... A person who talks constantly about where they used to live so much that it drives others crazy. ... This article is about the former British colony of Southern Rhodesia, todays Zimbabwe. ...


Similarly, they are sometimes even viewed by their fellow citizens as foreigners, particularly their children, whose accents may seem strange to their classmates. The children of expatriates are often considered Third Culture Kids (or TCKs) and later in life consider themselves "Adult Third Culture Kids" (or ATCKs). These children often hold passports from multiple countries, speak several different languages, and have a hard time defining where "home" is. This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Third Culture Kids (abbreviated TCKs or 3CKs or Global Nomad) refers to someone who [as a child] has spent a significant period of time in one or more culture(s) other than his or her own, thus integrating elements of those cultures and their own birth culture, into a third...


While Europeans or North Americans living in the Middle East and Asia may marry local people and have children, most see no advantage in adopting citizenship of their host countries, usually because they consider their stay only temporary, or because of dual nationality restrictions. However, they may adopt permanent resident status. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... North America North America is a continent [1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Multiple citizenship is simultaneous citizenship in two or more countries (whether it is recognized by all countries or not). ... Permanent residency refers to a persons status such that the person is allowed to reside indefinitely within the country despite not having citizenship. ...


In countries like Saudi Arabia, many expatriates are required to live in segregated compounds rather than integrate with the local population. As a result a lively community of social blogs has evolved that links the different segregated communities. In Dubai the population is predominantly comprised of expatriates, from countries such as India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and the Philippines with only 3% of the population made up of Western expatriates.[1] In its modern form, a gated community is a form of closed community, characterized by a controlled entrance for pedestrians, bicycles, and automobiles, usually staffed by full-time, private security guards, that leads into one or more small residential streets, with walls or fences surrounding the perimeter of the entire...


Famous expatriates

The so-called "expatriots," a term referring to United States American literary notables who lived in Paris from the period which saw the end of World War I to the beginning of the Great Depression, included people such as Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald, T. S. Eliot, Ezra Pound, and Gertrude Stein. African-American expatriation to Paris also boomed after World War I, beginning with black American veterans who preferred the subtler racism of Paris to the oppressive racism and segregation in parts of the United States. This article is about the capital of France. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 – July 2, 1961) was an American novelist, short-story writer, and journalist. ... Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald (September 24, 1896 – December 21, 1940) was an American Jazz Age author of novels and short stories. ... Thomas Stearns Eliot, OM (September 26, 1888 – January 4, 1965), was a poet, dramatist and literary critic. ... Ezra Pound in 1913. ... Gertrude Stein (February 3, 1874 – July 27, 1946) was an American writer who became a catalyst in the development of modern art and literature. ...


In the 1920s African-American writers, artists, and musicians arrived in Paris and popularized jazz in Parisian nightclubs, a time when Montmartre was known as "the Harlem of Paris." Some notable African-American expatriates from the 1920s onward included Josephine Baker, Langston Hughes, Richard Wright, James Baldwin, Miles Davis, and Charlie Parker. [1] [2] [3] For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Montmartre seen from the centre Georges Pompidou (1897), a painting by Camille Pissarro of the boulevard that led to Montmartre as seen from his hotel room. ... This page is for the American entertainer. ... Langston Hughes (February 1, 1902 – May 22, 1967) was an American poet, novelist, playwright, short story writer, and columnist. ... For other persons of the same name, see Richard Wright. ... James Baldwin may refer to: James Baldwin (editor and author) (1841–1925) James Baldwin (writer) (1924–1987) James Baldwin (baseball player) (born 1971) J. Baldwin (born 1934), industrial designer, author, educator James Mark Baldwin (1861–1934), philosopher and psychologist Category: ... Miles Dewey Davis III (May 26, 1926 – September 28, 1991) was an American jazz musician, widely considered to be one of the most influential of the 20th century. ... Charles Bird Parker, Jr. ...


Another famous group of expatriates was the so-called Beat Generation of American artists living in other countries during the 1950s and 1960s. This group included Allen Ginsberg, William S. Burroughs, Harold Norse, Gregory Corso and Gary Snyder. Later generation expatriates also included 1950s jazz musicians such as Steve Lacy, 1960s rock musician Jim Morrison, and 1970s singer-songwriter Elliott Murphy. Beats redirects here. ... Irwin Allen Ginsberg (IPA: ) (June 3, 1926 – April 5, 1997) was an American poet. ... William Seward Burroughs II (February 5, 1914) - August 2, 1997; pronounced ), more commonly known as William S. Burroughs, was an American novelist, essayist, social critic, painter and spoken word performer. ... Harold Norse (born July 6, 1916 in New York City) is a American poet, two-time NEA grant recipient, and National Poetry Association award winner. ... Gregory Corso (illustration) Gregory Nunzio Corso (March 26, 1930 – January 17, 2001) was an American poet, the fourth member of the canon of Beat Generation writers (with Jack Kerouac, Allen Ginsberg, and William Burroughs). ... Young Gary Snyder, on one of his early book covers Gary Snyder (born May 8, 1930) is an American poet (originally, often associated with the Beat Generation), essayist, lecturer, and environmental activist. ... Allen|Henry Red Allen]], George Pops Foster and Zutty Singleton and then with Kansas City jazz players like Buck Clayton, Dicky Wells, and Jimmy Rushing before jumping into the heart of the avant-garde by performing on the debut album of Cecil Taylor, appearing with Taylors groundbreaking quartet at... Rock and roll (also spelled rock n roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... For other persons named James or Jim Morrison, see James Morrison. ... Elliott James Murphy (born March 16, 1949 in New York, Long Island, New York) is an American rock singer-songwriter, novelist, producer and journalist living in Paris. ...


Many American fashion designers have notably become expatriates in France and Italy to design for existing European design houses or to enhance their own collections. These fashion designers include Marisol Deluna, Tom Ford, Patrick Kelly, and Marc Jacobs Brief introduction on the history of fashion design and designers Fashion design is the art dedicated to the creation of wearing apparel and lifestyle. ... Marisol Deluna (born 1967, San Antonio, Texas) is an American fashion designer. ... This article is about the fashion designer. ... Marc Jacobs (born April 9, 1963 in New York City) is an American fashion designer. ...


Trends in expatriation

There is a clear trend showing that expatriation in itself is changing. However, in the last couple of years there has only been a slight decrease in the actual number of expatriates, but a different type of expatriate has arisen. Commuter and short-term assignments are becoming the norm, and are gradually replacing the traditional life timer. These types of assignments have clearly less influence on somebody’s personal life. Spouse, children and friends remain at home and continue their own life, while the expatriate makes a ‘slightly’ longer commute experience with these commuter assignments.[citation needed] Look up trend, trendy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... An expatriate (in abbreviated form expat) is someone temporarily or permanently in a country and culture other than that of their upbringing and/or legal residence. ... Commuting is the process of travelling from a place of residence to a place of work. ... The term spouse refers to either partner in marriage, generally called a husband or wife, depending on gender. ...


Dealing with expatriates

In dealing with expatriates, an international company reckons the value of them and has experienced staff to deal with them. Furthermore, a company often has a company wide policy and coaching system and includes the spouses at an earlier stage in the decision making process by giving them an official say in this. Not many companies provide any compensation for loss of income of spouses. They often do provide benefits and assistance. The level of support differs, ranging from offering a job-hunting course for spouses at the new location to full service partner support structures, run by volunteering spouses supported by the organisation.[2] Look up company in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The word support has several specialized meanings: In mathematics, see support (mathematics). ...


See also

Worldwide ERC is a relocation services industry trade group that has been known historically as the Employee Relocation Council. ... In U.S. law, an alien is a term Americans use for a person who owes political allegiance to another country or government and not a native or naturalized citizen of the land where they are found. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... // English language Radio refers to radio stations overseas that broadcasts primarily in the English language. ... The term Canadians of convenience became prominent in 2006 in conjunction with the evacuation of Canadian citizens from Lebanon during the 2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict. ... Third Culture Kids (abbreviated TCKs or 3CKs or Global Nomad) refers to someone who [as a child] has spent a significant period of time in one or more culture(s) other than his or her own, thus integrating elements of those cultures and their own birth culture, into a third... Permanent residency refers to a persons visa status: the person is allowed to reside indefinitely within a country despite not having citizenship. ...

References

  1. ^ Moving To Dubai. ExpatForum.com (2007). Retrieved on 2007-09-05.
  2. ^ Ripmeester, N. “What works in expatriation”, Graduate Recruiter, Issue 17 (April) 2005; Ripmeester, N. “How to align personal and business needs?”, Graduate Recruiter, Issue 16 (February) 2004

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • "Brits Abroad" data on British Expatriates from the BBC.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Nordic Culture > Finns Abroad: The Finnish Expatriate Parliament - Scandinavica.com (1108 words)
Expatriate Finns are a resource for Finland because they spread awareness about Finland throughout the world, and many also bring back to Finland the knowledge that they have acquired abroad.
It is important for Finland that Finnish expatriates maintain their ties to the homeland, and to secure this, the everyday needs of expatriates have to be considered in the formulation of public policy in Finland.
The purpose of the Finnish Expatriate Parliament is to channel the voice of expatriate Finns to the State of Finland.
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