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Encyclopedia > Exorcisms

Exorcism is the practice of evicting demons or other evil spiritual entities which are supposed to have possessed (taken control of) a person or object. The practice, though ancient in roots, is still part of the belief system of many religions. The word "exorcism" means "to come out of". In folklore, mythology, and religion, a demon or demoness is a supernatural being that has generally been described as a malevolent spirit but outside Christian circles was viewed as a sort of elemental spirit: compare Daemon and djinn. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Spiritual possession is a concept of many religions and tales, where it is believed that a demon may take temporary control of a human body, resulting in noticeable changes in behaviour. ...


The person performing the exorcism, known as an exorcist, is often a priest, or an individual who is thought to be graced with special powers or skills. The exorcist may use a combination of magical and religious methods, such as prayers and set formulas, gestures, icons and amulets. The exorcist's goal is to force the evil spirit to vacate. In the former ministry of the Roman Catholic Church, exorcist was a specific minor order, received after porter. ... Roman Catholic priest LCDR Allen R. Kuss (USN) aboard USS Enterprise A priest or priestess is a holy man or woman who takes an officiating role in worship of any religion, with the distinguishing characteristic of offering sacrifices. ... Look up magic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


The influential horror movie The Exorcist (1973, re-released 2000) was inspired by an actual Catholic exorcism. After its release, the Catholic diocese of Chicago, Illinois was inundated with so many requests for exorcism that it had to add exorcists to its existing staff. DVD cover showing horror characters as depicted by Universal Studios. ... The Exorcist is an influential and successful 1973 horror film, adapted by William Peter Blatty from his 1971 novel of the same name. ... 1973 was a common year starting on Monday. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... Chicago, colloquially known as the Second City and the Windy City, is the third-largest city in population in the United States and the largest inland city in the country. ...

Contents


History

The concept of possession by evil spirits and the practice of exorcism are very ancient and widespread, and may originate in prehistoric Shamanistic beliefs. Shamanism is a range of traditional beliefs and practices that involve the ability to diagnose, cure, and sometimes cause human suffering by traversing the axis mundi and forming a special relationship with, or gaining control over, spirits. ...


The Christian New Testament includes exorcism among the miracles performed by Jesus. Because of this precedent, possession was part of the belief system of Christianity since its beginning, and exorcism is still a recognized practice of Catholicism and some Protestant sects. Christianity is a monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament writings of his early followers. ... The New Testament, sometimes called the Greek Testament or Greek Scriptures is the name given to the part of the Christian Bible that was written after the birth of Jesus. ... According to many religions, a miracle, derived from the old Latin word miraculum meaning something wonderful, is a striking interposition of divine intervention by God in the universe by which the operations of the ordinary course of Nature are overruled, suspended, or modified. ... Jesus, or Jesus of Nazareth, also known as Jesus Christ, is Christianitys central figure, both as Messiah and, for most Christians, as God incarnate. ... Christianity is a monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament writings of his early followers. ... This article considers Catholicism in the broadest ecclesiastical sense. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ...


In recent times, the practice of exorcism has diminished in its importance to most religious groups and its use has decreased. This is due mainly to a greater understanding of psychology and the functioning and structure of the human mind. Many of the cases that in the past might have been candidates for exorcism have been found to be the products of mental illness. Today, the exorcist will often consult with medical professionals prior to the performance of an exorcism. The Scream, the famous painting commonly thought of as depicting the experience of mental illness. ...


Exorcism in Roman Catholicism

The Catholic Church revised and renewed the Rite of Exorcism very recently in January 2000 under Pope John Paul II, who reinforced its necessity (and performed three himself during his pontificate). As a result, a number of dioceses have designated a priest as the Exorcist for the diocese. Gabriele Amorth is the chief exorcist of the Diocese of Rome. Solemn Exorcisms, according to the canon law of the church, can only be exercised by an ordained priest (or higher prelate), and by them, only with the express permission of the local bishop. The act of exorcism is considered to be an incredibly dangerous spiritual task, proper only to vowed religious. The exorcist is specially vested with the duty of casting out the devil and demons from persons possessed, through prayers, blessings, and invocations with the use of the document Of Exorcisms and Certain Supplications. His Holiness Pope John Paul II (Latin: ), born Karol Józef Wojtyła (May 18, 1920 – April 2, 2005), reigned as pope of the Catholic Church for almost 27 years, from 16 October 1978 until his death, making his the third-longest reign in the history of the Papacy according... Fr. ... Of Exorcisms and Certain Supplications (Latin: De Exorcismis et Supplicationibus Quibusdam) is an 84-page document of the Roman Catholic church describing the rite of exorcism. ...


Though John Paul II encouraged further use of exorcism, it is ostensibly performed only after a careful mental and physical examination and investigation of relevant evidence that determines that the affected person is actually suffering from possession and not from some form of mental illness. It should be noted that the will of the one possessed remains, though the demon may retain dominant control over its subject. Signs of demonic possession may include: the ability to speak foreign languages of which the possessed has no prior knowledge (such as ancient languages); supernatural abilities and strength; secret knowledge of a person's life, especially regarding the exorcist, which the possessed has no way of knowing; blasphemous remarks; and great aversion to God, the Blessed Virgin Mary, the saints, and sacred objects.


Prior to the Second Vatican Council of the Roman Catholic Church, all ordinands were consecrated into minor orders, the third of which was that of exorcist. It is thought by some that ordination to the position of Acolyte in the modern practices also incorporates ordination to the minor orders which used to be below it, such as exorcist and porter, although this has not been officially defined. However, the granting of the minor order of exorcist is different from the practice of dioceses formally appointing a priest with the title of "Exorcist". The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian body, with over 1. ... The minor orders were formally a part of the clergy of the Roman Catholic Church. ...


Of exorcism, the Catholic Encyclopedia (1908) enjoined: "Superstition ought not to be confounded with religion, however much their history may be interwoven, nor magic, however white it may be, with a legitimate religious rite."


A well-known formula for exorcism, originating from a 1415 manuscript found in the Abbey of Metten in Bavaria, says An abbey (from the Latin abbatia, which is derived from the Syriac abba, father), is a Christian monastery or convent, under the government of an Abbot or an Abbess, who serve as the spiritual father or mother of the community. ... The Free State of Bavaria (German: Bayern or Freistaat Bayern), with an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ...

Crux sancta sit mihi lux / Non draco sit mihi dux
Vade retro satana / Nunquam suade mihi vana
Sunt mala quae libas / Ipse venena bibas
"May the Holy Cross be my light / Let not the dragon lead me
Step back Satan / Never tempt me with vain things
What you offer me is evil / Drink the poison yourself."

The verse Vade retro satana was probably inspired on a phrase by Jesus to Peter in the Vulgate New Testament, Mark 8:33: vade retro me, satana ("Step back from me, Satan!"). In Catholicism, it is used to repel any possible evil thing or happening, as a "spoken amulet". The initials of this formula (VRSNSMV SMQLIVB or VRS:NSMV:SMQL:IVB) were usually engraved around crosses or Catholic religious medals featuring Saint Benedict, to whom the formula is traditionally ascribed. Jesus, or Jesus of Nazareth, also known as Jesus Christ, is Christianitys central figure, both as Messiah and, for most Christians, as God incarnate. ... Saint Peter, portrayed by Peter Paul Rubens in a papal chasuble and pallium holding keys, was one of the twelve disciples of Jesus and the first Pope of the Catholic Church. ... The Vulgate Bible is an early 5th century translation of the Bible into Latin made by St. ... The New Testament, sometimes called the Greek Testament or Greek Scriptures is the name given to the part of the Christian Bible that was written after the birth of Jesus. ... Gustave Dores depiction of Satan from John Miltons Paradise Lost Satan (שָׂטָן Standard Hebrew Satan, Latin Sátanas, Tiberian Hebrew Śāṭān; Aramaic שִׂטְנָא Śiṭnâ: both words mean Adversary; accuser) is an angel, demon, or minor god in many religions. ... Evil is a term describing that which is regarded as morally bad, intrinsically corrupt, wantonly destructive, inhumane, or wicked. ... An amulet from the Black Pullet grimoire An amulet (from Latin amuletum, meaning A means of protection) or a talisman (from Arabic tilasm, ultimately from Greek telesma or from the Greek word talein wich means to initiate into the mysteries. ... Saint Benedict of Nursia (c. ...


In September 2005 Pope Benedict XVI disclosed that Italian exorcists were currently holding their national convention, an event at which he gave a speech. The Pope publically stated that he encouraged them to "carry on their important work in the service of the Church." [1] Before this revalation, it was not widely known that exorcist conventions were held. Pope Benedict XVI (Latin: , styled as His Holiness; born April 16, 1927 as Joseph Alois Ratzinger in Marktl am Inn, Bavaria, Germany) is the 265th reigning pope, the head of the Roman Catholic Church and sovereign of Vatican City. ...


See list of exorcists. An exorcist is a priest or laity who performs the rite of exorcism. ...


Exorcism in other Christian Denominations

Although there are Christian denominations other than Roman Catholicism that recognize possession, case studies are much more limited and the few cases that gain media attention are those which are more probable instances of abuse by the exorcist and/or others than actual possession.


It is worth noting that the psychologist M. Scott Peck, in researching exorcisms (initially in an effort to disprove demonic possession) and conducting two himself, concluded that the Christian concept of possession was a genuine phenomenon but was utterly distinct from individuals who were evil in and of themselves. Morgan Scott Peck, M.D. (May 22, 1936 – September 25, 2005) was an American psychiatrist and best-selling author. ...


Interestingly, the diagnostic criteria he derived differed substantially from the Roman Catholic requirements, as did the method of exorcism and the stages of progression during exorcism, raising the question of whether the phenomena are related.


Exorcism in Islam

Exorcism is said to have been a part of Islam since its beginning, and there are verses in the Qur'an that speak of possession by evil beings. There are also Sunnah (traditional statements not part of the Qur'an) that the Prophet Muhammad and his followers expelled evil beings from the bodies of believers using verses from the Qur'an, supplications to Allah, and holy Zamzam water.   Islam[?] (Arabic: الإسلام al-islām) the submission to God is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions, and the worlds second largest religion. ... The Quran (Arabic: al-qurān literally the recitation; also called Al Qurān Al KarÄ«m or The Noble Quran; or transliterated Quran, Koran, and less commonly Alcoran) is the holy book of Islam. ... Sunna redirects to here, which can also refer to Sunne or Frau Sonne, a Scandinavian sun goddess, also known as Sol. ... Muhammad is a common Muslim male name. ... The word Allah is the Arabic term for God. It is ultimately derived (according to most etymologists) from Proto-Semitic ʾil-, as is Hebrew El. ... Drinking the water from Zamzam spring. ...

Those who devour usury will not stand (on the Day of Judgment) except as stands one whom the Evil one by his touch hath driven to madness. (Qur'an (Yusufali tr.), al-Baqara, 275) Surat al-Baqarah (Arabic: سورة البقرة ) (the Cow) is the second, and the longest, sura of the Quran, with 286 ayat. ...

In this verse, God compares the state of sinners on the Day of Judgment to the state of those made insane by the Devil, or Shaitan. Scholars point to this verse as evidence that the Devil and his servants are able to affect human beings. Al-Qurtabi writes in his tafsir of this verse: Shaitan (شيطان) is the devil or the enemy of god in Islam, equivalent to Satan in Christianity. ... A tafsir ( (Arabic: تفسير )tafsīr, also transliterated tafseer, Arabic explanation) is Quranic exegesis or commentary. ...

This verse contains proof against those who deny the possession by way of Jinn, claiming that it is a result of natural causes, as well as those who claim that Shaitan does not enter humans nor does he touch them.

Evidence is found also in the Sunnah, such as this one related by Ya'la ibn Murah:

I saw Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) do three things which no one before or after me saw. I went with him on a trip. On the way, we passed by a woman sitting at the roadside with a young boy. She called out, 'O Messenger of Allah, this boy is afflicted with a trial, and from him we have also been afflicted with a trial. I don't know how many times per day he is seized by fits.' He (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said: 'Give him to me.' So she lifted him up to the Prophet. Peace be upon him (Arabic: صلى الله عليه وسلم; salla Allahu alayhi wa sallam, also transliterated as sallalahu aleyhi wasallam) is a phrase that Muslims often say after mentioning the name of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. ...

He (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) then placed the boy between himself and the middle of the saddle, opened the boy's mouth and blew in it three times, saying, 'In the name of Allah, I am the slave of Allah, get out, enemy of Allah!' Then he gave the boy back to her and said: 'Meet us on our return at this same place and inform us how he has fared.' We then went. On our return, we found her in the same place with three sheep. When he said to her, 'How has your son fared?' She replied: 'By the One who sent you with the truth, we have not detected anything (unusual) in his behavior up to this time... (Musnad Ahmad (vol: 4, p. 170), and al-Haakim, who declared it Saheeh)

A note regarding the Jinn and possession

In Islamic belief, not only are devils able to possess human beings, but also the Jinn, intelligent creatures made from fire. Islam teaches that the Jinn are much like human beings in that they have free will to choose between good and evil. Obviously, a Jinn who chooses to possess a human is acting in an evil manner, and would be treated during an exorcism the same as a devil would be. The Devil is the name given to a supernatural entity who, in most Western religions, is the central embodiment of evil. ... Genie is the anglicized word for the Arabic jinni. In Semitic mythology and Islamic religion, a jinni (also djinni or djini) is a member of the jinn (or djinn), a race of spirits. ...

The existence of the Jinn is an established fact, according to the Book, the Sunnah and the agreement of the early scholars. Likewise, the penetration of a Jinni into a human body is also an established fact, according to the consensus of leading Sunni scholars. It is also a fact witnessed and experienced by anyone who reflects on it. The Jinni enters the one seized by fits and causes him to speak incomprehensible words, unknown to himself; if the one seized by fits is struck a blow sufficient to kill a camel, he does not feel it. (Shaikh al-Islam ibn Taymiyyah, Majmoo al-Fatawa)

Shaikh al-Islam ibn Taymiyyah also suggests that there are three reasons for possession by Jinn:

  • Jinn might possess a human being to experience the physical world such as because of desire or love. The Jinni might not actually have malicious intents at heart in this case, or be unaware of the harm it is causing.
  • Jinn might do it to exact revenge for a perceived slight. Jinn are said to be quick to anger, especially when they believe themselves to have been harmed on purpose (since Jinn are usually invisible to humans, a person can accidentally injure a Jinni not knowing that one is there).
  • Pure wickedness and a desire for malicious behavior on the part of the Jinni.

He further says that Jinn can easily gain control over those who are not mindful of their faith but that those who hold true to God should have no fear of being taken in possession.


A note regarding possession by spirits in Islam

A common misconception in Islam is the notion of spirit possession, in which the souls of the dead are claimed to be able to possess human beings. Islam teaches that this is a false belief, because the souls of those who have died are not permitted to return to the world of the living, and so cannot affect it. It is thought that Shaitan (the Devil) encourages this belief because it leads many otherwise-devout Muslims to perform rituals contrary to Islam, such as tomb offerings and the hanging of amulets to ward off evil spirits. An amulet from the Black Pullet grimoire An amulet (from Latin amuletum, meaning A means of protection) or a talisman (from Arabic tilasm, ultimately from Greek telesma or from the Greek word talein wich means to initiate into the mysteries. ...


Possession in Islam is never by the souls of the dead, but it is not unknown for evil beings to claim to be such so as to encourage sinful behavior among the living.


The scholars caution against the overuse of exorcism, citing that most cases are due to psychological and physical causes mistaken for possession. Real cases of possession are very rare and the faithful are warned to watch out for exorcists who encourage a diagnosis of possession too quickly, as they may only be out for money.


Exorcism in other religions

In Hinduism the possession of the body by spirits is often accorded a more holy status as it is believed that Goddess Kali or her various incarnates enter a body. People often worship them and also ask for their blessings. However if the spirit refuses to leave after sometime then a village exorcist is brought in to drive out the spirit. Often the priest resorts to beating the said person with neem leaves in an elaborate and dramatic "exorcism". This article is about the Hindu goddess. ... Binomial name Azadirachta indica A. Juss. ...


Exorcism-related deaths

Exorcism may cause death to the patient, even when performed by trained priests.

  • Anneliese Michel (September 21, 1952 - June 30, 1976) was a German college student who died during an exorcism. Her parents and the two Bavarian priests who carried out the exorcism were later convicted.
  • Kyung-A Ha was beaten to death in 1995 in San Francisco, California by members of the Jesus-Amen Ministries.
  • Kyung Jae Chung died in 1996 in Glendale, California from blunt-force trauma by her husband (a reverend) and members of the Glendale Korean Methodist Church.
  • In 1996, an Ontario woman was sentenced to two years in prison for killing her granddaughter in an apparent exorcism. "Ana Maria Canhoto, 43, pleaded guilty last June to manslaughter of Kira Canhoto, 2, who died of suffocation after being force-fed water 'to ward off evil spirits.'" Source: Vancouver Province 1/11/96
  • A five-year-old girl in 1997 in the Bronx, New York, died after being administered ammonia, vinegar, and olive oil, and then gagged and bound with duct tape.
  • Charity Miranda, was suffocated with a plastic bag in 1998 in Sayville, New York by her mother and sister during a Cuban voodoo exorcism ritual.
  • Terrance Cottrell Jr, an eight-year-old autistic child, died of asphyxiation in 2003 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin during an exorcism carried out by members of the Faith Temple Church of the Apostolic Faith, in an attempt to expel the boy's demons. The coroner ruled that the boy died "due to external chest compression" as the part-time pastor lay on top of him. On July 10, 2004, the pastor was convicted of child abuse.
  • In June 2005, in Tanacu, Bac─âu County, Romania, Father Daniel Petru Corogeanu, a Romanian Orthodox priest who reportedly found his client of exorcism crucified to a wall in her convent room, crucifixion exorcised Maricica Irina Cornici, a 23-year-old nun because she was "possessed by the devil" and "had to be exorcised". The priest faced murder charges, and was unrepentant as he celebrated a funeral mass for his alleged victim. [2]

Also See Emily Rose Anneliese Michel was born in 1952 into a lower-middle class Catholic family in Klingenberg, a small Bavarian town. ... September 21 is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years). ... 1952 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... June 30 is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 184 days remaining, and the last day of June. ... 1976 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Roman Catholic priest LCDR Allen R. Kuss (USN) aboard USS Enterprise A priest or priestess is a holy man or woman who takes an officiating role in worship of any religion, with the distinguishing characteristic of offering sacrifices. ... 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The downtown San Francisco skyline, looking east from the central part of the city. ... State nickname: The Golden State Other U.S. States Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles [[List of Governors of California|Governor]] Arnold Schwarzenegger (R) Official languages English Area 410,000 km² (3rd)  - Land 404,298 km²  - Water 20,047 km² (4. ... 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... County Los Angeles County, California Area  - Total  - Water 79. ... State nickname: The Golden State Other U.S. States Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles [[List of Governors of California|Governor]] Arnold Schwarzenegger (R) Official languages English Area 410,000 km² (3rd)  - Land 404,298 km²  - Water 20,047 km² (4. ... 1997 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Bronx is one of the five boroughs of United States. ... State nickname: Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York City Governor George Pataki (R) Senators Charles Schumer (D) Hillary Rodham Clinton (D) Official languages None (English is de facto) Area 141,205 km² (27th)  - Land 122,409 km²  - Water 18,795 km² (13. ... Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3. ... The vinegar in these bottles is infused with oregano. ... In agriculture, olive oil is an oil extracted from the fruit of the European olive tree , which originated in the Mediterranean area. ... A roll of duct tape Duct tape (originally known as duck tape) is a strong, fabric-based, multi-purpose adhesive tape, usually silver or black in color, although many other colors, including transparent, are also available, and is usually 1. ... Asphyxia is a condition of severely deficient supply of oxygen to the body. ... 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Sayville is the name of a hamlet and of a census-designated place located in Suffolk County on Long Island. ... A large sequined Voodoo dwapo or flag by the artist George Valris The term Voodoo (Vodun in Benin; also Vodou or other phonetically equivalent spellings in Haiti; Vudu in the Dominican Republic) is applied to the branches of a West African ancestor-based spiritist-animist religious tradition. ... Autism is classified as a neurodevelopmental disorder that manifests itself in markedly abnormal social interaction, communication ability, patterns of interests, and patterns of behavior. ... 2003(MMIII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about Milwaukee in Wisconsin. ... State nickname: Badger State State motto: Forward Other U.S. States Capital Madison Largest city Milwaukee Governor Jim Doyle (D) Official languages None Area 169,790 km² (23rd)  - Land 140,787 km²  - Water 28,006 km² (17%) Population (2000)  - Population 5,453,896 (18th)  - Density 38. ... July 10 is the 191st day (192nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 174 days remaining. ... 2004(MMIV) is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... ‹The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... 2005(MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... . Administrative map of Romania with Bacău county highlighted Bacău (Hungarian: Bákó) is a Romanian county (Judeţ) in the Moldovia region, with the capital city at Bacău (population: 210,042). ... The Romanian Orthodox Church (Biserica Ortodoxă Română in Romanian) is one of the autocephalous Eastern Orthodox churches. ... Crucifixion is an ancient method of execution, in which the victim was tied or nailed to a large wooden cross (Latin: crux) and left to hang there until dead. ... --Mitsukai 18:19, 9 September 2005 (UTC) Categories: Possible copyright violations ...


See also

For the NES game, see Spiritual Warfare According to some Christian beliefs, spiritual warfare is the interaction of persons with the angelic and demonic realms in positive or negative ways (e. ... Satanism is a religious, semi-religious and/or philosophical movement whose adherents recognize Satan as an archetype, literal being, pre-cosmic force, or some aspect of human nature. ... In folklore, mythology, and religion, a demon or demoness is a supernatural being that has generally been described as a malevolent spirit but outside Christian circles was viewed as a sort of elemental spirit: compare Daemon and djinn. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Shamanism is a range of traditional beliefs and practices that involve the ability to diagnose, cure, and sometimes cause human suffering by traversing the axis mundi and forming a special relationship with, or gaining control over, spirits. ... The mythology of the Yorùbá is sometimes claimed by its supporters to be one of the worlds oldest widely practised religions. ...

References

  • Malachi Martin, Hostage to the Devil. ISBN 006065337X.
  • M. Scott Peck, Glimpses of the Devil : A Psychiatrist's Personal Accounts of Possession, Exorcism, and Redemption. ISBN 0743254678
  • Max Heindel, The Web of Destiny (Chapter I - Part III: "The Dweller on the Treshold"--Earth-Bound Spirits, Part IV: The "Sin Body"--Possession by Self-Made Deamons--Elementals, Part V: Obsession of Man and of Animals), ISBN 0-911274-17-0, www

Malachi Martin The Reverend Dr. Father Malachi Brendan Martin (July 23, 1921 – July 27, 1999) was a Roman Catholic Jesuit priest who became a popular author and speaker upon various fringe topics such as exorcisms, Satanism, Liberation Theology, the Tridentine liturgy, obscure points of Catholic dogma and the geopolitical importance... Morgan Scott Peck, M.D. (May 22, 1936 – September 25, 2005) was an American psychiatrist and best-selling author. ... Max Heindel (born Carl Louis von Grasshoff in Denmark on July 23, 1865 ‑ United States, January 6, 1919) was a Christian occultist, astrologer, and mystic. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Exorcism - LoveToKnow 1911 (451 words)
The term exorcism is applied more especially to the freeing of an individual from a possessing or disease-causing spirit; the means adopted are frequently the same as those mentioned above; in the East Indies the sufferer sometimes dances round a small ship, into which the spirit passes and is then set adrift.
The prominence of exorcism in the early ages of the Christian church appears from its frequent mention in the writings of the fathers, and by the 3rd century there was an order of exorcists (see Exorcist).
The ancient rite of exorcism in connexion with baptism is still retained in the Roman ritual, as is also a form of service for the exorcising of possessed persons.
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Exorcism (1752 words)
Expulsion by adjuration is, therefore, the primary meaning of exorcism, and when, as in Christian usage, this adjuration is in the name of God or of Christ, exorcism is a strictly religious act or rite.
The present rite of exorcism as given in the Roman Ritual fully agrees with patristic teaching and is a proof of the continuity of Catholic tradition in this matter.
Exorcism in this connection is a symbolical anticipation of one of the chief effects of the sacrament of regeneration; and since it was used in the case of children who had no personal sins, St.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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