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Encyclopedia > Exhibition game

An exhibition game (also known as an exhibition match or simply exhibition, or a demonstration or demo event) is a sporting event in which there is no competitive value of any significant kind to any competitor (such as tournament or season rankings, or prize money) regardless of the outcome of the competition. Quality of play is generally valued over the end result. In association football a common equivalent term is friendly match. The term scrimmage is also sometimes used, especially with regard to team sports, but is ambiguous because it has other meanings even in that context. Another (uncommon) synonym is preparation match. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... A sport consists of a physical activity or skill carried out with a recreational purpose: for competition, for self-enjoyment, to attain excellence, for the development of a skill, or some combination of these. ... “Soccer” redirects here. ... A sport consists of a normal physical activity or skill carried out under a publicly agreed set of rules, and with a recreational purpose: for competition, for self-enjoyment, to attain excellence, for the development of skill, or some combination of these. ... Synonyms (in ancient Greek, συν (syn) = plus and όνομα (onoma) = name) are different words with similar or identical meanings. ...


Throughout the world, many team and one-on-one sports and games feature exhibition matches. For example, two professional snooker or chess players, or two ice hockey teams, may play an exhibition to settle a challenge, to provide (compensated) entertainment, or often to raise money for charities. Snooker is a cue sport that is played on a large baize-covered table with pockets in each of the four corners and in the middle of each of the long side cushions. ... This article is about the Western board game. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... This article is about charitable organizations. ...


In some sports, especially in North America, exhibition games also take the form of a handful of pre-season games that are intended to familiarize teammates with each other and prepare for upcoming matches. In professional sports, pre-season games also help teams decide which players to keep for the regular season. North American redirects here. ... Professional sports began at North Panola High School in the early 1600s. ...


Given the highly competitive nature of professional sports (and the frequent lack of disciplinary action by officiating bodies for rules or sportsmanship infractions during exhibitions), "friendly" matches are not always the exemplars of good will and fair play than the term might suggest.[citation needed]

Contents

Football (soccer)

In football, most club sides play a number of friendly matches (or "friendlies") before the start of each season to "warm up" the players before they return to competitive action. There is generally nothing competitive at stake and some rules may be changed or experimented with (such as unlimited substitutions and no cards). Although most friendlies are simply one-off matches arranged by the clubs themselves, some teams do compete in short tournaments, such as the Emirates Cup, Teresa Herrera Trophy and the Amsterdam Tournament. Although these events may involve sponsorship deals and the awarding of a trophy and may even be broadcast on television, there is little prestige attached to them. Soccer redirects here. ... The Emirates Cup is a two-day pre-season football tournament, to be held on July 28 and July 29, 2007 at Emirates Stadium in London, England. ... The Teresa Herrera Trophy (Spanish: ) is a friendly football (soccer) tournament played annually since 1946 in La Coruña, Galicia, Spain. ... The Amsterdam Tournament is an annual association football tournament played in the pre-season, hosted by AFC Ajax. ...


International teams also play friendlies, generally in preparation for the qualifying or final stages of major tournaments. This is essential, since national squads generally have much less time together in which to prepare. The biggest difference between friendlies at club and international level is that international friendlies mostly take place during league seasons, not between them. This has on occasion led to disagreement between national associations and clubs as to the availability of players, as international friendlies can occur in the most vital parts of league seasons, and may cause injury and fatigue to top players.


International friendlies give team managers the opportunity to experiment with team selection and tactics before the tournament proper, and also allow them to assess the abilities of players they may potentially select for the tournament squad. Players can be booked in international friendlies, and can be suspended from future international matches based on red cards or accumulated yellows in a specified period. Caps and goals scored also count towards a player's career records. In 2004, FIFA ruled that substitutions by a team be limited to six per match in international friendlies, in response to criticism that such matches were becoming increasingly farcical with managers making anything up to 11 substitutions per match. A cap is an appearance for a select team, such as a school, county or international team in sports. ... This article is about an international football organization. ... A substitute is a player in football (soccer) who is brought on to the pitch during a match in exchange for an existing player. ...


In the UK and Ireland, "exhibition match" and "friendly match" refer to different types of matches. The types described above as friendlies are not termed exhibition matches, while annual all-star matches such as those held in the US MLS or Japan's J. League are called exhibition matches rather than friendly matches. A one-off match for charitable fundraising, usually involving one or two all-star teams, or a match held in honour of a player for service to his/her club, may be described as exhibition matches but they are normally referred to as charity matches and testimonial matches respectively. An all-star game is an exhibition game played by the best players in their respective sports league. ... Major League Soccer (MLS) is a North America professional soccer league. ... The Japan Professional Football League ), or J.League ), is the top professional football (soccer) league in Japan and one of the most successful leagues in Asian club football. ... A testimonial match, often referred to simply as a testimonial, is a practice in some sports, notably football (soccer) and especially in England, where a club puts on a match in honor of a player for service to the club. ...


Ice hockey

Under the 1995-2004 National Hockey League collective bargaining agreement, teams were limited to nine preseason games. From 1975 to 1991, NHL teams sometimes played exhibition games against teams from the Soviet Union, and in 1978, played against World Hockey Association teams also in pre-season training. Like the NFL, the NHL sometimes schedules exhibition games for cities without their own NHL teams. The 1995-96 NHL season was the 79th regular season of the National Hockey League. ... The 2003-04 NHL season was the 87th regular season of the National Hockey League. ... NHL redirects here. ... The NHL collective bargaining agreement is the basic contract between the National Hockey League (NHL) team owners and the NHL Players Association (NHLPA), designed to be arrived at through the typical labour-management negotiations of collective bargaining. ... In an organised sport league, a season is the portion of one year in which regulated games of the sport are in session. ... The classic NHL shield logo The 1975-76 NHL season was the 59th season of the National Hockey League. ... The 1990-91 NHL season was the 74th regular season of the National Hockey League. ... WHA redirects here. ...


In 1992, goaltender Manon Rheaume played in a preseason game for the Tampa Bay Lightning, becoming the first woman to suit up for a major pro sports team in North America. The 1992-93 NHL season was the 76th regular season of the National Hockey League. ... This article is about the goaltender in ice hockey. ... Manon Rheaume (born February 24, 1972) is a Canadian goaltender and Olympic silver medallist who was the first and only woman to play in the NHL. Manon Rheaume was born in Lac Beauport, Quebec, Canada to Nicole and Pierre Rheaume, she has one older brother, Martin, and one younger, Pascal. ... The Tampa Bay Lightning are a professional ice hockey team based in Tampa, Florida, USA. They are members of the Southeast Division of the Eastern Conference of the National Hockey League (NHL). ...


The Flying Fathers, a Canadian group of Catholic priests, regularly tour North America playing exhibition hockey games for charity. One of the organization's founders, Les Costello, was a onetime NHL player who was ordained as a priest after retiring from professional hockey. The Flying Fathers are a group of Canadian Roman Catholic priests who regularly tour North America as a hockey team, playing exhibition games against local teams to raise money for charity. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Fr. ...


American college hockey teams occasionally play exhibition games against Canadian college teams as well as against USA or Canadian national teams. (In men's hockey, the senior national teams are selected from NHL and other pro players, and college teams would be overmatched against those teams even if they were allowed to play them. However, the national under-18 teams are made up of amateurs.) NHL can also be an abbreviation for National Historic Landmark or Non-Hodgkins lymphoma. ...


Baseball

Major League Baseball's preseason is known as spring training. All MLB teams maintain a spring-training base in Arizona or Florida. The teams in Arizona make up the Cactus League, while the teams in Florida play in the Grapefruit League. Each team plays about 30 preseason games against other MLB teams. They may also play exhibitions against a local college team or a minor-league team from their farm system. Major Leagues redirects here. ... A Grapefruit League game at the LA Dodgers camp in Vero Beach, Florida In Major League Baseball, spring training is a series of exhibition games which precedes the regular season. ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... A Grapefruit League game at the LA Dodgers camp in Vero Beach, Florida Spring training in Major League Baseball is a series of exhibition games which precedes the regular season. ... A Grapefruit League game at the LA Dodgers camp in Vero Beach, Florida Spring training in Major League Baseball is a series of exhibition games which precedes the regular season. ... For the organization which many minor leagues belong to, see Minor League Baseball Part of the History of baseball series. ...


Several MLB teams used to play regular exhibition games during the year against nearby teams in the other major league, but regular-season interleague play has made such games unnecessary. The two Canadian MLB teams, the Toronto Blue Jays of the American League and the Montreal Expos of the National League, met annually to play the Pearson Cup exhibition game; this tradition ended when the Expos moved to Washington, D.C. for the 2005 season. It also used to be commonplace to have a team play an exhibition against Minor League affiliates during the regular season, but worries of injuries to players, along with travel issues, have made this very rare. The annual MLB All-Star Game is played in July between players from AL teams and players from NL teams. Interleague Play Logo Interleague play is the term used to describe regular season Major League Baseball games played with teams in different leagues, introduced in 1997. ... Major league affiliations American League (1977–present) East Division (1977–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Toronto Blue Jays (1977–present) Other nicknames The Jays Ballpark Rogers Centre (1989–present) Formerly named SkyDome (1989-2005) Exhibition Stadium (1977-1989) Major league titles World Series titles (2) 1992 â€¢ 1993 AL... The American League (or formally the American League of Professional Baseball Clubs) is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball in the United States of America and Canada. ... This article describes the now defunct Canadian baseball team. ... National league can refer to: National Basketball League, in the United States and Canada, which merged with the rival Basketball Association of America to form the National Basketball Association National Football League, the major American football league in the United States National Hockey League, the major ice hockey league in... The Pearson Cup was an annual mid-season baseball event, named after former Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson, between the Toronto Blue Jays and the former Montreal Expos. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2005 throughout the world. ... The Major League Baseball All-Star Game is an annual exhibition baseball game between the best players from the National League and the American League. ...


Basketball

National Basketball Association teams play about seven preseason games per year. Nowadays, NBA teams almost always play each other in the preseason. However, from 1971 to 1975, NBA teams played preseason exhibitions against American Basketball Association teams. In the early days of the NBA, league clubs sometimes challenged the legendary barnstorming Harlem Globetrotters, with mixed success. The NBA has played preseason games in Europe and Asia. In the 2006 and 2007 seasons, the NBA and the primary European club competition, the Euroleague, will conduct a preseason tournament featuring two NBA teams and the finalists from that year's Euroleague. [1] NBA redirects here. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar, known as the year of cyclohexanol. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the animated television series, see Harlem Globetrotters (TV series). ... The Euroleague (EL) is the highest caliber professional basketball competition in Europe, with teams from thirteen different European countries. ...


Traditionally, major college basketball teams would begin their seasons with a few exhibition games. They would play traveling teams made up of former college players or, on occasion, other countries' national teams. However, in 2003, the National Collegiate Athletic Association banned games with non-college teams. Some teams have begun scheduling exhibition games against teams in NCAA Division II and Division III. Game between Illinois State Redbirds & Ball State Cardinals, February 17, 2007 in an ESPN Bracketbuster contest. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... NCAA redirects here. ... Division II (or DII) is an intermediate-level division of competition in the National Collegiate Athletic Association. ... Division III (or DIII) is a division of the National Collegiate Athletic Association of the United States. ...


American football

National Football League teams play four or five pre-season exhibition games a year, for which ticket prices are the same as for regular-season games. These exhibition games are allegedly for the purpose of helping coaches narrow down the roster to the regular-season limit of 53 players; however, they also pad the profits of the team owners, as players are not paid regular-season salaries for exhibition games. The NFL has played exhibition games in Europe, Japan, Australia (including the American Bowl in 1999) and Mexico to spread the league's popularity. Exhibition games are quite unpopular with many fans, who resent having to pay regular-season prices for two home exhibition games as part of a season-ticket package. Numerous lawsuits have been brought by fans and classes of fans against the NFL or its member teams regarding this practice, but none have been successful in halting it.[2] The National Football League exhibition season refers to the NFLs pre-season games before the NFL regular season starts. ... NFL redirects here. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... For the championship game of the American Indoor Football League, see American Bowl (AIFL). ...


College football teams do not play exhibition games, although many play a public intrasquad game in the spring. This article covers college football played in the United States. ...


Australian rules football

Australian rules football has been introduced to a wide range of places around Australia and the world since the code[clarify] originated in Victoria in 1858. Much of this expansion can be directly attributed to exhibition matches by the major leagues in regions and countries where the code has been played as a demonstration sport. Australian rules football has been introduced to a wide range of places around Australia and the world since the codes inception in 1848. ... High marking is a key skill and spectacular attribute of Australian rules football Precise field and goal kicking using the oval shaped ball is the key skill in Australian rules football Australian rules football, also known as Australian football, Aussie rules, or simply football or footy is a code of... VIC redirects here. ... An exhibition game is a sporting event in which there is no gain or loss from whether the competitors are victorious are not in any competition. ... A demonstration sport is a sport which is played in order to promote itself, most commonly during the Olympic Games, but also at other sporting events. ...


Auto racing

Various auto racing organizations hold exhibition events, more specifically, races that do not count towards the season championship. The NASCAR Nextel Cup series holds one exhibition event annually, the invitation-only Budweiser Shootout at the start of the season. Pole position winners from the previous season compete in the event which awards cash prizes only, and no points towards the Nextel Cup championship. A second event, the NASCAR NEXTEL All-Star Challenge is also a non-points paying race, however, it is falls under the category of all star events. NASCAR also held exhibition races previously at Suzuka and Twin Ring Motegi. Jeff Burton (99), Elliott Sadler (38), Ricky Rudd (21), Dale Jarrett (88), Sterling Marlin (40), Jimmie Johnson (48), and Casey Mears (41) practice for the 2004 Daytona 500 The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) is the largest sanctioning body of motorsports in the United States. ... The NEXTEL Cup Series is NASCARs top racing series. ... The Budweiser Shootout is an annual NASCAR Nextel Cup Series exhibition event held at Daytona International Speedway in February, the weekend before the Daytona 500. ... The NEXTEL Cup Series is NASCARs top racing series. ... The NASCAR NEXTEL All-Star Challenge, formerly known as The Winston until 2004, is a race open to race winners (either as a driver or a car owner) from the previous season as well as the current season, plus the past ten event winners and past decades Cup Series... An all-star game is an exhibition game played by the best players in their respective sports league. ... Suzuka International Racing Course (Suzuka Circuit for short) was a host of the Formula One Fuji Television Japanese Grand Prix, and is one of the oldest and most-famous motorsport race tracks in Japan. ... Twin Ring Motegi is an automobile racing track located in Motegi, Japan. ...


Other historical examples of non-championship races include the Marlboro Challenge in IndyCar racing and the TOCA Touring Car Shootout in the British Touring Car Championship. Until the mid-1980s there were a significant number of non-championship Formula One races. The term IndyCar has multiple uses: Indycar (sometimes spelled Indy car) is a generic name used in the United States for a type of open wheel race car. ... The British Touring Car Championship is a touring car racing series held each year in the United Kingdom and Ireland. ... F1 redirects here. ...


See also

In an organised sports league, a season is the portion of one year in which regulated games of the sport are in session. ... An all-star game is an exhibition game played by the best players in their respective sports league. ...

External links


 
 

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