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Encyclopedia > Exemplification

Exemplification is a mode of symbolization characterized by the relation between a sample and what it refers to.

Contents

Description

Unlike ostension, which is the act of showing or pointing to a sample, exemplification is possession of a property plus reference to its label (Goodman, 1976). For example, if a colour sample has the property labelled 'green', then the colour sample exemplifies green. Basically, possession of a property amounts to being referred to by its label. An ostensive definition conveys the meaning of a term by pointing out examples of what is defined by it. ...


Samples

While the label 'green' refers to any green thing, only things that are used as samples, such as the green swatches in a paint shop´s booklet, exemplify it. Furthermore, exemplification is selective: a sample does not exemplify all of its properties (size, shape, aesthetic value etc.) but only those for which it is a symbol.


A mode of reference

Reference is the relation between something "standing for" something else. Usually it goes in one direction, for example, from a word to what it designates. But it is also used in both directions, for example, when product samples stand for certain properties they possess. While the label 'green' refers to a certain property of a product sample, the sample refers to the same property by exemplifying it. Therefore, exemplification is a mode of reference. In general, a reference is something that refers or points to something else, or acts as a connection or a link between two things. ...


Uses of exemplification

  • Product samples exemplify certain properties they possess.
  • As a part in ostensive definition, i.e. definition by exemplification of what is defined. For example, an artist can define a new style by showing works that exemplify it.
  • Defined exemplification is a pattern of essay development that uses specific instances (examples) to clarify a point, to add interest, or to persuade (Clouse, 2006).

An ostensive definition conveys the meaning of a term by pointing out examples of what is defined by it. ...

References

  • Goodman, Nelson, 1976, Languages of Art: An Approach to a Theory of Symbols. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company, pp 52-57.
  • Clouse, Barbara, 2006, Patterns for a Purpose: McGraw Hill Publishing Company, pg G-2

See also

In general, a reference is something that refers or points to something else, or acts as a connection or a link between two things. ... An ostensive definition conveys the meaning of a term by pointing out examples of what is defined by it. ... In philosophy, nominalism is the theory that abstract terms, general terms, or universals do not represent objective real existents, but are merely names, words, or vocal utterances (flatus vocis). ...

External links


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exemplification - Synonyms from Thesaurus.com (179 words)
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Philosophy Department - Proceedings of the Heraclitean Society (3317 words)
Exemplification is usually considered primitive, and therefore analysis of exemplification is nearly absent from the literature.
The supposed primitivism of exemplification might consequently lead one to inadvertently pass over this remarkable capacity that exemplification has to tie two kinds of ontological items across the ontological realms of the unlocated and the located and yet be simple (partless), uniform, and continuous from one realm to the other.
Exemplification is not an n-adic property precisely because exemplification does not itself need to be exemplified by an n-adic property to the particular; instead it directly attaches to both the property and the particular.
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