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This page lists English translations of several Latin phrases and abbreviations, such as i.e. and e.g.. Some of these are themselves translations of Greek phrases. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Translation is an activity comprising the interpretation of the meaning of a text in one language—the source text—and the production of a new, equivalent text in another language—the target text, also called the translation. ... Latin - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... List of Greek Phrases/Proverbs Α / A Αγεωμετρητος μηδεις εισιτω Ageômetriêtos mêdeis eisitô. ...



A related list is that of Latin proverbs; the difference between phrases and proverbs being often subjective. Use this test to see whether a Latin sentence is a phrase or proverb: If the sentence is an old yet common saying that expresses some practical truth, then it is probably a proverb. Proverbs often give advice as well, such as the well-known proverb "an apple a day keeps the doctor away." On the other hand, if it is in the form of an incomplete sentence or does not contain some practical truth, then it is probably a phrase. A List of Latin proverbs is provided at Wikiquote:Latin proverbs. ... A phrase is a group of words that functions as a single unit in the syntax of a sentence. ... A proverb (from the Latin proverbium) is a pithy saying which had gained credence through widespread or frequent use. ... A phrase is a group of words that functions as a single unit in the syntax of a sentence. ... A proverb (from the Latin proverbium) is a pithy saying which had gained credence through widespread or frequent use. ... In linguistics, the sentence is a unit of language, characterised in most languages by the presence of a finite verb. ...


For Latin abbreviations in medical prescriptions see Medical prescription (Appendix 1) or Eyeglass prescription. For help with Latin and Greek words used in the scientific classification of biological species check the list of Latin and Greek words commonly used in systematic names. Finally, be aware that the Latin letter I can be used as a vowel or as a consonant. When used as a consonant it is often replaced by the letter J. Hence phrases like de iure are often spelled de jure. A medical prescription (℞) is a written order by a medical doctor to a pharmacist for a treatment to be provided to the doctors patient. ... A medical prescription (℞) is a written order by a medical doctor to a pharmacist for a treatment to be provided to the doctors patient. ... This article describes the optics of an ordinary eyeglass prescription, which is used to correct small refractive errors in the optical system of the eye. ... Scientific classification or biological classification refers to how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... This list of Latin and Greek words commonly used in systematic names is intended to help those unfamiliar with classical languages understand and remember the scientific names of organisms. ... Note: This page contains phonetic information presented in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) using Unicode. ... See also consonance in music. ...

Contents

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


Top of pageSee alsoExternal links

A

A fortiori
"From the stronger" — loosely, "even more so" or "with even stronger reason." Often used to lead from a less certain proposition to a more evident corollary. e.g. "It is unwise to invest in pyramid schemes, and, a fortiori, in e-mail pyramid schemes."
A pedibus usque ad caput
"From feet to head."
A posteriori
"From the latter" — based on observation, the reverse of a priori. Used in mathematics and logic to denote something that is known after a proof has been carried out.
A priori
"From the former" — presupposed, the reverse of a posteriori. Used in mathematics and logic to denote something that is known before a proof has been carried out.
Ab hinc
"From here on."
Ab imo pectore
"From the depths of (my) chest" — i.e. "from my heart". Attributed to Julius Caesar.
Ab initio
"From the beginning" or "from the start" — compare in medias res; see also List of legal terms
Ab origine
"From the origin."
Ab ovo usque ad mala
"From the eggs to the apples," i.e., from beginning to end (the Roman main meal traditionally began with an egg dish and ended with fruit). From Horace, Satire 1.3.
Ab urbe condita (A.U.C.)
"From the founding of the city (of Rome)" — i.e. from 753 B.C., according to Livy's count; used as a reference point by the Romans for establishing dates, as we use A.D. today.
Absit omen
"May the presentiment not be realized."
Acta est fabula, plaudite!
"The play is over (literally, story is done), applaud!" common ending phrase of ancient Roman comedies
Ad astra per aspera
"A rough road leads to the stars" - literally, "to the stars through severity/hardship"
Ad captandum vulgus
"To appeal to the crowd (literally, to the "taking" of the common folk" — often used of politicians who make false or insincere promises appealing to popular interest.
Ad fontes
"To the sources" — a motto of Renaissance humanism.
Ad fundum
"To the bottom" or "To the end" — said during a generic toast, like "bottoms up!"
Ad hoc
"For this" — i.e. improvised, made up on the spot.
Ad hominem
"To the man" — usually, an argument criticizing the opponent's person rather than his ideas; or also an argument designed to appeal to personal interest rather than objective fact.
Ad infinitum
"To infinity" — going on forever. Used to designate a property which repeats in all cases in mathematical proof.
Ad interim
"In the meantime" — as in the term "chargé d'affaires ad interim" for a diplomatic officer who acts in place of an ambassador.
Ad Kalendas Graecas
"To the Greek Kalends" — said by Emperor Augustus, in Suetonius, with the sense of "never". Kalends were part of the Roman calendar, not of the Greek, so the "Greek kalends" are "a date that will never happen".
Ad libitum (ad lib)
"At ease" — means "do as you please", "improvise", "just ramble on"; especially in music partitures, theatrical scripts, etc..
Ad lucem
"Towards the light" — the motto of the University of Lisbon.
Ad maiorem Dei gloriam (A.M.D.G.)
"To the greater glory of God" — motto of the Jesuits.
Ad multos annos
"To many years!" — i.e. "Many happy returns!"
Ad nauseam
"To the point of nausea". Often used as a quasi-humorus alternative to Ad Infinitum in mathematical proof.
Ad pedem litterae
"At the foot of the letter" — i.e. "exactly as it is written".
Ad perpetuam memoriam
"To the eternal memory [of]"
Ad usum Delphini
"For usage of the Dauphin" — said of a work that has been expurgated of offensive or improper parts. The phrase originates from editions of Greek and Roman classics which Louis XIV had printed for his heir apparent, the Dauphin.
Ad usum proprium (ad us. propr.)
"For own usage"
Ad valorem
"By the value" — e.g. ad valorem tax.
Advocatus Diaboli
"The Devil's Advocate" — said about someone who defends an unpopular view for the sake of discussion (and implying a lack of personal belief in the validity of the argument).
Aegri somnia
"A sick man's dreams" — from Horace, Ars Poetica, 7.
Alea iacta est
"The die has been cast" — said by Julius Caesar, in Suetonius, after his decision to defy Roman law by crossing the Rubicon with his troops. (Suetonius actually uses it in the future imperative "Alea iacta esto": "Be sure to cast the dice").
Alis volat propiis
"She flies with her own wings" - the Oregon state motto.
Alma mater
"Nourishing mother" — term used for the university one attends/has attended. The word "matriculation" is derived from "mater". The term suggests that the students are "fed" knowledge and taken care of by the university. The term is also used for a university's traditional school anthem.
Alter ego
"Another I" — a pseudonym or a close associate who always acts on one's behalf.
Amicus curiae
"Friend of the court" — an adviser, or a person who can obtain or grant access to the favour of powerful people (like Romana curia). In current U.S. legal usage, a third party allowed to submit a brief (an amicus brief) to the court.
Amor vincit omnia
"Love conquers all" — from Vergil, Eclogue X: Omnia vincit amor, et nos cedamus amori.
Anno Domini (A.D.)
"In the year of the lord" — indicates a year counted from the traditional date of birth of Jesus; also called the Common Era (C.E.) to remove religious implications.
Anno urbis conditae (A.U.C.)
"In the year from the founding of the city (Rome)" — see Ab urbe condita.
Annuit Cœptis
"He [God] has approved our undertaking" - motto of the reverse of the Great Seal of the United States and on the back of the US one dollar bill
Annus horribilis
"A horrible year" — a pun on Annus mirabilis, first used by Queen Elizabeth II to describe what a bad year 1992 had been for her, and subsequently occasionally used by others to refer to other years.
Annus mirabilis
"Year of wonders" — used particularly to refer to 1665-1666 during which Sir Isaac Newton made revolutionary inventions and discoveries in calculus, motion, optics and gravitation, and the title of a poem by John Dryden written in the same year; and also to 1905 when Albert Einstein made equally revolutionary discoveries of the photoelectric effect, Brownian motion and the special theory of relativity.
Ante cibum (a.c.)
"Before meals" (medical shorthand)
Ante litteram
"Before the letter" — said after an expression that described something that existed before the expression itself was introduced or became common. For example, one could say that Alan Turing was a computer scientist ante litteram, since the profession of "computer scientist" was not recognised in Turing's day.
Ante meridiem (a.m.)
"Before noon" — in the period from midnight to noon.
Ante prandium (a.p.)
"Before lunch" — i.e. before a meal. Used on pharmaceutical prescriptions.
Asinus asinorum in saecula saeculorum.
"The jackass of jackasses in the centuries of centuries", or "The greatest jackass in eternity."
Audentis fortuna iuvat
"Fortune favors the bold"—allegedly the last words of Pliny the Elder before he left the docks at Pompeii to rescue people from the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 CE; originally from Vergil, Aeneid X, 284.
Audiatur et altera pars
"Let's hear also the other party"
Audio, video, disco
"I hear, I see, I learn"
Aurea mediocritas
"Golden Mean" — in Horace's Odes II, 10, an ethical goal.
Auri sacra fames
"Accursed hunger for gold" — from Vergil, Aeneis 3,57; later quoted by Seneca: quod non mortalia pectora coges, auri sacra fames ("What aren't you able to bring men to do, miserable hunger for gold!")
Aut Caesar aut nihil
"Caesar or nothing" — i.e., all or nothing. (Caesar is here used in the meaning emperor.) Adopted as his personal motto by Cesare Borgia.
Aut vincere aut mori
"Either conquer or die".
Ave atque vale
"Hail and farewell!" — from Catullus, carmen 101, addressed to his deceased brother.
Ave Europa, nostra vera Patria
"Hail Europe, our true Fatherland" — Anthem [song] of pan-Europeanists

A pyramid scheme is a business model that involves the exchange of money primarily for enrolling other people into the scheme, usually without any product or service being delivered. ... Empirical or a posteriori knowledge is propositional knowledge obtained by experience. ... A priori is a Latin phrase meaning from the former or less literally before experience. In much of the modern Western tradition, the term a priori is considered to mean propositional knowledge that can be had without, or prior to, experience. ... This article is about Julius Caesar the Roman dictator. ... The Latin term ab initio means from the beginning and is used in several contexts: when describing literature: told from the beginning as opposed to in medias res (meaning starting in the middle of the story). ... This is a list of legal terms, often from Latin: A mensa et thoro A mensa et thoro, from bed and board. ... For other people named Horace, see Horace (disambiguation). ... Ab urbe condita (AUC or a. ... The founding of Rome is reported by many legends, which in recent times are beginning to be supplemented by more scientific reconstructions. ... The Roman Colosseum Rome (Italian and Latin Roma) is the capital city of Italy, and of its Lazio region. ... Centuries: 9th century BC - 8th century BC - 7th century BC Decades: 800s BC 790s BC 780s BC 770s BC 760s BC - 750s BC - 740s BC 730s BC 720s BC 710s BC 700s BC Events and Trends 756 BC - Founding of Cyzicus. ... Titus Livius (around 59 BC - 17 AD), known as Livy in English, wrote a monumental history of Rome, Ab Urbe Condita, from its founding (traditionally dated to 753 BC). ... In rhetoric an argument ad captandum, for capturing the gullibility of the naïve among the listeners or readers, is an unsound, specious argument, a kind of seductive casuistry. ... An important element in Renaissance private and civic life (reflected too in scholarship); was the cultural movement and world-view known as Humanism, which had its origins in the unique urban culture of Italy, and was quickly taken up in the equally urbanized society of Flanders. ... Ad hoc is a Latin phrase which means for this [purpose]. It generally signifies a solution that has been tailored to a specific purpose, such as a tailor-made suit, a handcrafted network protocol, and specific-purpose equation and things like that. ... An ad hominem argument, also known as argumentum ad hominem ( Latin, literally argument to the man), is a logical fallacy that involves replying to an argument or assertion by addressing the person presenting the argument or assertion rather than the argument itself or an argument pointing out an inconsistency between... Ad infinitum is a Latin phrase meaning to infinity. ... Augustus (plural Augusti) is Latin for majestic or venerable. Although the use of the cognomen Augustus as part of ones name is generally understood to identify the Emperor Augustus, this is somewhat misleading; Augustus was the most significant name associated with the Emperor, but it did not actually represent... Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus (75-160), commonly known simply as Suetonius, was a Roman writer. ... The Kalends (Latin k/calendæ, -arum), (or calends) correspond to the first days of each month of the Roman calendar. ... The Roman calendar changed its form several times in the time between the foundation of Rome and the fall of the Roman Empire. ... Ad libitum is Latin for at ones pleasure, often shortened to Ad lib. ... A leading university in Lisbon, Portugal. ... Ad Maiorem Dei Gloriam ( English: For the greater glory of God), often abbreviated AMDG, is the Latin motto of the Society of Jesus (Jesuits). ... The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ... Ad nauseam is a Latin term used to describe something that has been continuing to the point of nausea. ... Nausea (Greek Ναυτεία) is the sensation of unease and discomfort in the stomach with an urge to vomit. ... Ad infinitum is a Latin phrase meaning to infinity. ... The Dauphin was the heir apparent to the throne of France under the Valois and Bourbon dynasties. ... Louis XIV King of France and Navarre By Hyacinthe Rigaud (1701) Louis XIV (Louis-Dieudonné) (September 5, 1638–September 1, 1715) reigned as King of France and King of Navarre from May 14, 1643 until his death. ... In the old process of canonization by the Roman Catholic Church, the Promoter of the Faith (Latin Promotor Fidei), or Devils Advocate ( Latin advocatus diaboli), was a canon lawyer appointed by the Church to argue against the canonization of the proposed candidate. ... For other people named Horace, see Horace (disambiguation). ... This article is about Julius Caesar the Roman dictator. ... Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus (75-160), commonly known simply as Suetonius, was a Roman writer. ... The Roman Colosseum Rome (Italian and Latin Roma) is the capital city of Italy, and of its Lazio region. ... The Rubicon (Rubico, in Italian Rubicone) is an ancient Latin name for a small river in northern Italy. ... State nickname: Beaver State Other U.S. States Capital Salem Largest city Portland Governor Ted Kulongoski Official languages None Area 255,026 km² (9th)  - Land 248,849 km²  - Water 6,177 km² (2. ... A university is an institution of higher education and of research, which grants academic degrees. ... Alter Ego has multiple meanings: Alter Ego is a game for the Commodore 64 computer. ... A pseudonym is a fictitious name used by an individual as an alternative to their legal name (whereas an allonym is the name of another actual person assumed by one person in authorship of a work of art; e. ... Definition and Explanation: Amicus curiæ (Latin for friend of the court; plural amici curiæ) briefs are legal documents filed by non-litigants in appellate court cases, which include additional information or arguments that those outside parties wish to have considered in that particular case. ... The Roman Curia is the complex of the organs and the authorities that constitute the administrative apparatus of the Holy See, coordinating and providing the necessary organisation for the correct functioning of the Roman Catholic Church and the achievement of its goals. ... For other uses see Virgil (disambiguation). ... Anno Domini (Latin: In the year of the Lord), or more completely Anno Domini Nostri Jesu Christi (in the year of our Lord Jesus Christ), commonly abbreviated AD or A.D., is the designation used to number years in the dominant Christian Era in the world today. ... This article is about the figure known by both Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ. For other usages, see Jesus (disambiguation). ... The Common Era (CE) is the period beginning with the year 1 onwards. ... Ab urbe condita (AUC or a. ... The founding of Rome is reported by many legends, which in recent times are beginning to be supplemented by more scientific reconstructions. ... The Roman Colosseum Rome (Italian and Latin Roma) is the capital city of Italy, and of its Lazio region. ... Obverse The Great Seal of the United States is used to authenticate certain documents issued by the United States government. ... Annus horribilis is a Latin phrase meaning horrible year. It is a humorous reference to John Drydens 1666 poem Annus Mirabilis (The Year of Wonders). ... Elizabeth II in an official portrait as Queen of Canada (on the occasion of her Golden Jubilee in 2002, wearing the Sovereigns badges of the Order of Canada and the Order of Military Merit) Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary) (born 21 April 1926), styled HM The... 1992 is a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 4 - Start of the Second Anglo-Dutch War March 6 - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society begins publication March 16 - Bucharest allows Jews to settle in the city in exchange of annual tax of 16 guilders June 3 - The Duke of York defeats the Dutch Fleet off the... Events September 2 - Great Fire of London: A large fire breaks out in London in the house of Charles IIs baker on Pudding Lane near London Bridge. ... Sir Isaac Newton in Knellers portrait of 1689. ... For other uses of the term calculus see calculus (disambiguation) Calculus is a central branch of mathematics, developed from algebra and geometry, and built on two major complementary ideas. ... This article is about motion in physics. ... See also list of optical topics. ... This article covers the physics of gravitation. ... Annus Mirabilis is a poem written by John Dryden and published in 1667. ... John Dryden John Dryden (August 19, 1631 – May 12, 1700) was an influential English poet, literary critic, and playwright. ... 1905 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Portrait of Albert Einstein taken by Yousuf Karsh on February 11, 1948 Albert Einstein (March 14, 1879 – April 18, 1955) was a theoretical physicist who is widely regarded as the greatest scientist of the 20th century. ... The photoelectric effect is the emission of electrons from a surface (usually metallic) upon exposure to, and absorption of, electromagnetic radiation (such as visible light and ultraviolet radiation) that is above the threshold frequency particular to each type of surface. ... An example of 1000 steps of Brownian motion in two dimensions. ... Special relativity (SR) or the special theory of relativity is the physical theory published in 1905 by Albert Einstein. ... A medical prescription (℞) is a written order by a medical doctor to a pharmacist for a treatment to be provided to the doctors patient. ... Alan Turing was a respected scientist and war hero who was later prosecuted for being a homosexual. ... Gaius Plinius Secundus, (23–79) better known as Pliny the Elder, was an ancient author and scientist of some importance who wrote Naturalis Historia. ... Pompeii is not to be confused with the Roman general Pompey. ... Mount Vesuvius (Italian: Monte Vesuvio) is a volcano east of Naples, Italy, located at 40°49′N 14°26′ E. It is the only active volcano on the European mainland, although it is not currently erupting. ... For other uses see Virgil (disambiguation). ... The Aeneid is a Latin epic written by Virgil in the 1st century BC that tells the legendary story of Aeneas, a Trojan who traveled to Italy where he became the ancestor of the Romans. ... The golden ratio is a number, approximately 1. ... For other people named Horace, see Horace (disambiguation). ... For other uses see Virgil (disambiguation). ... The Aeneid is a Latin epic written by Vergil in the 1st century BC that tells the legendary story of Aeneas, a Trojan who traveled to Italy where he became the ancestor of the Romans. ... Lucius Annaeus Seneca (often known simply as Seneca, or Seneca the Younger) (c. ... Caesar (p. ... Emperor is also a Norwegian black metal band; see Emperor (band). ... Cesare Borgia ( September, 1475 - March 12, 1507), Duke of Valencia, the illegitimate son of Pope Alexander VI (Rodrigo Borgia) and brother to Lucrezia Borgia. ... Gaius Valerius Catullus (c. ...

B

Beati possidentes
"The happy who possess", translation of a quote from Euripides
Bis in die (bid)
"Twice a day" (medical shorthand)
Bona fide
"In good faith." — i. e. "well-intentioned", "fairly".
Bona officia
"Good services", a nation's offer to mediate in disputes between two other nations
Bonum commune communitatis
"General welfare." Literally, "common good of the community."
Bonum commune hominis
"Common good of man."
Busillis
Pseudo-Latin meaning "baffling puzzle" or "difficult point". John of Cornwall (ca. 1170) was once asked by a scribe what the word meant. It turns out that the original text said in diebus illis magnis plenæ ("in those days plenty of great things"), which the scribe misread as indie busillis magnis plenæ ("in India there were plenty of large busillis")... [1] (http://digilander.libero.it/summagallicana/Volume1/A.VIIII.8.01.htm).

Euripides (c. ... A medical prescription (℞) is a written order by a medical doctor to a pharmacist for a treatment to be provided to the doctors patient. ... In law, good faith (in Latin, bona fides) is the mental and moral state of honest, even if objectively unfounded, conviction as to the truth or falsehood of a proposition or body of opinion, or as to the rectitude or depravity of a line of conduct. ... John of Cornwall, in Latin Johannes Cornubiensis or Johannes de Sancto Germano was a Christian scholar and teacher, who was living in Paris about 1176. ... Events December 29: Assassination of Thomas Beckett, Archbishop of Canterbury, in Canterbury cathedral Eleanor of Aquitaine leaves the court of Henry II because of a string of infidelities. ...

C

Cacoethes scribendi
"Bad habit of writing" — i.e. an insatiable urge to write. From Juvenal.
Carpe diem
"Seize the day", literally "pluck the day".
Carthago delenda est
"Carthage must be destroyed." Cato the Elder often ended his speeches with "ceterum censeo Carthaginem esse delendam" (see below for "ceterum censeo"). "Carthago delenda est" is the same phrase in the nominative case; "Carthaginem delendam esse" is an accusative infinitive.
Casus belli
"Event (that is the justification for, or the cause) of war."
Cave canem
"Beware of the dog" — found written on a floor mosaic depicting a dog, at the entrance of a Roman house excavated at Pompei  [2] (http://www.harcourtschool.com/activity/pompeii/imagesHTM/Canem.html).
Caveat emptor
"Let the buyer beware" — i.e. the purchaser of the goods is responsible for checking whether they suit his need.
Caveat lector
"Let the reader beware" — i.e. the writer does not vouch for the accuracy of a text. Probably a recent calque on caveat emptor.
Caveat venditor
"Let the seller beware" — the seller of goods is responsible for providing information about the goods to the purchaser.
Cetera desunt
"The rest is missing."
Ceteris paribus
"All other things being equal."
Ceterum censeo
"In conclusion, I think that..." — Cato the Elder used to conclude his speeches, on any topic whatsoever, with Ceterum censeo Carthaginem esse delendam ("In conclusion, I think that Carthage must be destroyed").
Christus Rex
"Christ the King."
Citius altius fortius
"Faster, higher, stronger" — Motto of the modern Olympics.
Circa (ca.)
"Around" — in the sense of "approximately, about"; usually of a date, eg. "Jesus was actually born circa 6 BC"
Circulus vitiosus

"Vicious circle" — in logic, a fallacy involving the presupposition of a proposition in one of the premises (see petitio principii); in science, a positive feedback out of control. Juvenal (Decimus Iunius Iuvenalis) was a Roman satiric poet of the 1st century AD. Very little is known about his life, the ancient biographies being generally fictitious. ... This article is about the Latin phrase. ... Marcus Porcius Cato (Latin: M PORCIVS CATO) (234 - 149 BC), Roman statesman, surnamed The Censor, Sapiens, Priscus, or Major (the Elder), to distinguish him from Cato the Younger (his great-grandson), was born at Tusculum. ... Casus belli is a Latin expression from the international law theory of Jus Ad Bellum. ... Pompeii is not to be confused with the Roman general Pompey. ... Caveat emptor is Latin for let the buyer beware. Before statutory law, the buyer had no warranty of the quality of goods. ... Caveat lector is Latin phrase meaning Let the reader beware. The phrase is used in written English in two distinct ways. ... In linguistics, a calque ( pronounced [kælk]) or loan translation (itself a calque of German Lehnübersetzung) consists of the borrowing of a phrase from one language into another, in the process of which individual words native to the borrowing language semantically match the individual words in the source language. ... Ceteris paribus is a Latin phrase, literally translated as other things the same, and usually rendered in English as all other things being equal. ... Marcus Porcius Cato (Latin: M PORCIVS CATO) (234 - 149 BC), Roman statesman, surnamed The Censor, Sapiens, Priscus, or Major (the Elder), to distinguish him from Cato the Younger (his great-grandson), was born at Tusculum. ... This page includes English translations of several Latin phrases and abbreviations such as . ... A map of the central Mediterranean Sea, showing the location of Carthage (near modern Tunis). ... Christ, from the Greek Χριστός, or Khristós, means anointed, and is equivalent to the Hebrew term Messiah. ... For months before the Olympic Games, runners relay the Olympic Flame from Olympia to the opening ceremony. ... This article is about the figure known by both Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ. For other usages, see Jesus (disambiguation). ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC - 0s BC - 0s 10s 20s 30s 40s 11 BC 10 BC 9 BC 8 BC 7 BC 6 BC 5 BC 4 BC 3 BC 2 BC 1 BC 1... The term vicious circle has the following meanings: Circular logic, a kind of logical fallacy. ... Logic (from ancient Greek λόγος (logos), meaning reason) is the study of arguments. ... A logical fallacy is an error in logical argument which is independent of the truth of the premises. ... Positive feedback is a type of feedback. ...

Claves Sancti Petri
"The keys of St. Peter" — symbol of the Papacy.
Cogito ergo sum
"I think therefore I am" — (French philosopher Rene Descartes) Through this ultimate rationalistic view, Descartes attempts to prove the existence of one's self not through one's sense experience but through reasoning.
Compos mentis
"Of sound mind" — sometimes used rather humorously.
Concordia cum veritate
"In harmony with truth" — Motto of the University of Waterloo
Conditio sine qua non
"Condition without which not" — i.e. "indispensable".
Confer (cf.)
"Compare" — used as an abbreviation in text to recommend a comparison with another thing. Literally, "bring together." See: citation signal.
Confoederatio Helvetica (C.H.)
"Helvetian Confederation" — the official name of Switzerland, which explains the use of "ch" for its ISO country code and Internet domain.
Consummatum est
"It is completed" — In the Latin translation of John 19:30, the last words of Jesus on the Cross.
Contemptus saeculi
"Contempt for the secular (world)" — the monk's or philosopher's rejection of mundane life and values.
Corpus Christi
"Body of Christ."
Corpus delicti
"Body of the crime" — the body of facts that prove a crime.
Corpus vile
"Vile body" — a person or thing fit only to be the object of an experiment.
Cui bono
"Good for whom?" — a maxim which suggests that considering who will benefit is likely to reveal who is responsible for an unwelcome happening.
Cui prodest
"Whom does it benefit?" — short form for cui prodest scelus, is fecit in Seneca's Medea; the murderer is the one who gains by the murder.
Cuius est solum eius est usque ad coelum et ad inferos
"To whomsoever that owns the land, he owns what is above and below it"
Cuius regio, eius religio
"Whose rule, his religion" — The religion of the king is the religion of people
Cum gladiis et fustibus
"With sword and staff" — from the Bible.
Cum gladio et sale.
"With sword and salt." Motto of a well-paid soldier.
Cum grano salis
"With a grain of salt" — i.e. not to be taken too seriously.
Cum hoc, ergo propter hoc
"With this, therefore because of this" — a logical fallacy.
Cum laude
"With honors."
Curriculum vitae
"Course of life" — a résumé.
Cur tu me vexas?
"Why do you annoy me?"

According to tradition, Peter was crucified upside-down, as shown in this painting by Caravaggio. ... Pope John Paul II has reigned since 22 Oct 1978. ... René Descartes René Descartes (IPA: , March 31, 1596 – February 11, 1650), also known as Cartesius, worked as a philosopher and mathematician. ... The term non compos mentis comes from Latin, non meaning not, compos meaning in control, and mentis, genitive singular of mens, and means It is most typically used in its negative form, non compos mentis, that is, not having control of ones faculties, as in a phrase such as... The University of Waterloo, also known as UW or simply Waterloo, is a medium-sized research-intensive public university in the city of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. ... cf. ... A citation signal indicates how a writer views the relationship of a citation, to some statement being made. ... The Swiss Confederation or Switzerland is a landlocked federal state in Europe, with neighbours Germany, France, Italy, Austria and Liechtenstein. ... ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes are the best known part of ISO 3166-1 and subsequent use as most of the country codes for Internet domain names (see also External Links below). ... A top-level domain (TLD) is the last part of which Internet domain names consist of. ... The Gospel of John is the fourth gospel in the sequence of the canon as printed in the New Testament, and scholars agree it was the fourth to be written. ... This article is about the figure known by both Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ. For other usages, see Jesus (disambiguation). ... Monasticism (from Greek: monachos—a solitary person) is the religious practice of renouncing all worldly pursuits in order to fully devote ones life to spiritual work. ... A philosopher is a person devoted to studying and producing results in philosophy. ... Corpus Christi celebrations in Antigua Guatemala, 14 June, 1979 Corpus Christi celebrations in Poznan, Poland, 2004 Corpus Christi means body of Christ in Latin. ... Corpus delicti (Latin: body of crime) term from Western jurisprudence which refers to the principle that it must be proven that a crime has occurred, before a person can be convicted of committing the crime. ... Lucius Annaeus Seneca (often known simply as Seneca, or Seneca the Younger) (c. ... Cuius regio, eius religio is a phrase in Latin that means, Whose the region is, his religion. ... Correlation implies causation, also known as cum hoc ergo propter hoc (Latin for with this, therefore because of this) and false cause, is a logical fallacy by which two events that occur together are claimed to be cause and effect. ... A logical fallacy is an error in logical argument which is independent of the truth of the premises. ... Latin honors are Latin phrases used to indicate the level of academic distinction with which an academic degree was earned. ... ...

D

Decus et Tutamen
"An ornament and a safeguard" — enscribed on the edge of the British £1 coin
De facto
"In fact" — Said of something that actually is the case, in contrast to a legal or official rule or status or version, which is described as de jure. In some contexts de facto refers to the "way things really are" rather than what is "officially" presented as the fact. E.g., "Although the emperor held the title and trappings of head of state, the Shogun was the de facto ruler of Japan."
De gustibus non est disputandum
"There is no arguing tastes."
De jure
"By law."
De minimis
"About minimal things."
De novo
"Anew."
De re
"About the matter" or "about reality" — in logic, de dicto statements (about the truth of a proposition) are distinguished from de re statements (about the properties of a thing itself).
Deus ex machina
"A god from a machine" — a contrived or artificial solution, usually to a literary plot. Refers to the practice in Greek drama of lowering by machine an actor playing Zeus onto the stage — as though he were descending from Olympus — to resolve an awkward plot.
Deus vult!
"God wills it" — this slogan was the principal one of the Crusades.
Dis aliter visum
"The gods decided differently."
Dies irae
"Day of wrath."
Disiecti membra poetae
"Members of a dismembered poet" i.e. "the scattered remnants of the poet" (Horace, Satires, I, 4, 62), battered poetry.

Dominus illuminatio mea This article discusses the British One Pound circulating coin issued since 1983, only. ... De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without... De jure (in Classical Latin de iure) is an expression that means by law, as contrasted with de facto, which means in fact. The terms de jure and de facto are used like in principle and in practice when one is describing political situations. ... This page is about the Japanese ruler and military rank. ... Official language Japanese Capital Tokyo Largest City Tokyo Emperor Akihito Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 60th 377,835 km² 0. ... This page includes English translations of several Latin phrases and abbreviations such as . ... De jure (in Classical Latin de iure) is an expression that means by law, as contrasted with de facto, which means in fact. The terms de jure and de facto are used like in principle and in practice when one is describing political situations. ... De minimis is a Latin expression meaning about minimal things, which is mostly used as part of de minimis non curat praetor, in the sense that law is not interested in trivial matters. ... In law, the expression trial de novo literally means new trial. It is most often used in certain legal systems that provide for one form of trial, then another if a party remains unsatisfied with the decision. ... Logic (from ancient Greek λόγος (logos), meaning reason) is the study of arguments. ... Deus ex machina is Latin for god from the machine and is a calque from the Greek από μηχανής θεός, (pronounced apo mekhanes theos). It originated with Greek and Roman theater, when a mechane would lower a god or gods onstage to resolve a hopeless situation. ... Alternate meanings: See Zeus Web Server Statue of Zeus The Greek sculptor Phidias created the 12-m (40-ft) tall Statue of Zeus in about 435 bc. ... This article refers to a mountain in Greece. ... This article is about historical Crusades . ... Dies Iræ is a famous Latin hymn written by Thomas of Celaeno. ... For other people named Horace, see Horace (disambiguation). ...

"The Lord is my light." - motto of the University of Oxford
Dominus Vobiscum
"God be with you" — phrase used during and at the end of Catholic sermons; greeting form among and towards members of Catholic organizations (i.e. priests, nuns etc.)
Dramatis personae
"People of the play" — the characters represented in a dramatic work; cast.
Duces Tecum
"Bring with You" — see subpoena duces tecum.
Dulce bellum inexpertis
"War may seem sweet to those who have never been involved". A phrase from Erasmus (16th century).
Dulce et decorum est
"It is sweet and honourable" — the beginning of a phrase from an ode by Horace: "dulce et decorum est, pro patria mori", "it is sweet and honourable to die for one's country." Used by Wilfred Owen as the title of a poem about World War I; see Dulce Et Decorum Est.
Dulce et Utile
"Sweet and useful."

The University of Oxford, situated in the city of Oxford in England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... Subpoena Duces Tecum (Latin for: bring with under penalty of punishment). ... Subpoena Duces Tecum (Latin for: bring with under penalty of punishment). ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... This article is about the poetic and musical form of ode. ... For other people named Horace, see Horace (disambiguation). ... Wilfred Edward Salter Owen (March 18, 1893 - November 4, 1918) was an English poet. ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... Dulce Et Decorum Est (written in 1917 and published posthumously in 1921) is a poem written by English poet and World War I soldier Wilfred Owen. ...

E

E pluribus unum
"From many, one" - one of the national mottoes of the United States of America.
Ecce homo
"Behold the man!" — in the Latin translation of the Gospel of John these words are spoken by Pilate as he presents Jesus crowned with thorns to the crowd.
Editio princeps
"First edition."
Emeritus
"From merit" — often used to refer to a retired professor.
Ergo (eg.)
"Therefore" — used to show a logical conclusion. 'Therefore, Hence' See Cogito ergo sum.
Esse quam videri
"To be, rather than to seem" — motto of the U.S. state of North Carolina.
Esto perpetua
"Let it be everlasting" — used by the historian Fra Paolo Sarpi of his native Venice.
Et alii (et al.)
"And others" — used to abbreviate a list of names (Alii is actually masculine, so it can be used for men, or groups of men and women; the feminine et aliae is appropriate when the "others" are all female.)
Et cetera (etc. or &c.)
"And the rest" — nowadays also "and others", "and so on", "and more".
Et in Arcadia ego
"I, also, am in Arcadia" — see memento mori.
Et seq., Et sequens
And the following
Et tu, Brute
"And thou, Brutus?" — literal quotation from William Shakespeare's Julius Caesar. He renders as Latin in an English play what was originally quoted as Greek supposedly spoken by a Roman. But Plutarch quotes Caesar as saying, και συ τεκνον Kai su, teknon?Greek for "You too, my child?" (Greek would have been the language of Rome's elite at the time.) However it is unlikely that Caesar actually said these words.
Ex aequo
"On equal footing" — i.e. "in a tie".
Ex animo
"From the heart" — i.e. "sincerely".
Ex ante
"From before" — "beforehand", "before the event", i.e. based on prior assumptions.
Ex Cathedra
"From the Chair" — a phrase applied to the Pope when he is speaking infallibly and, by extension, to others who speak with supreme authority or arrogance.
Ex Deo
"From God."
Ex gratia
"From kindness" or "from grace" — referring to someone performing an act out of kindness as opposed to being forced to do it.
Ex hypothesi
"From the hypothesis" — i.e. by hypothesis.
Ex libris...
"From the books (library) of..."
Ex Luna, Scientia
"From the moon, knowledge." The motto of the Apollo 13 moon mission, derived from the motto of the US Navy.
Ex nihilo
"From nothing" — Some Jewish, Christian, and Muslim traditions hold that God created the universe from nothing.
Ex officio
"From the office" — when someone holds one position by virtue of holding another, e.g. the U.S. vice president is ex officio president of the Senate.
Ex parte
"By (or for) one party" — a legal term.
Ex post facto
"From a thing done afterward" — of a law with retroactive effect.
Ex silentio
"From silence" — arguing that the absence of something demonstrates the proof of a proposition.
Ex tempore
"This instance" or "Right away" or "Immediately"
Ex vi termini
"By definition."
Excelsior
"Higher" — i.e. "ever upward!"
Exempli gratia (e.g.)
Literally "for the sake of example", usually rendered in English as "for example." See: citation signal.
Exeunt
"They leave" — see exit.
Exeunt omnes
"They all leave" — see exit.
Exit
"He/she leaves" — used e.g. in theatrical stage directions.
Experimentum crucis
"Critical experiment" — a decisive test of a scientific theory.

E pluribus unum is a national motto of the United States of America. ... Here is a list of state mottos for countries and their subdivisions around the world. ... The United States of America — also referred to as the United States, the U.S.A., the U.S., America, the States, or (archaically) Columbia—is a federal republic of 50 states located primarily in central North America (with the exception of two states: Alaska and Hawaii). ... The Gospel of John is the fourth gospel in the sequence of the canon as printed in the New Testament, and scholars agree it was the fourth to be written. ... Pontius Pilate (Latin Pontius Pilatus) was the governor of the small Roman province of Judea from 26 until 36? AD although Tacitus believed him to be the procurator of that province. ... This article is about the figure known by both Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ. For other usages, see Jesus (disambiguation). ... A U.S. state is any one of the 50 states which have membership of the federation known as the United States of America (USA or U.S.). The separate state governments and the U.S. federal government share sovereignty. ... State nickname: Tar Heel State Other U.S. States Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Governor Michael Easley Official languages English Area 139,509 km² (28th)  - Land 126,256 km²  - Water 13,227 km² (9. ... Paolo Sarpi. ... Venice is known for its waterways and gondolas Gondola. ... In linguistics, grammatical genders, also called noun classes, are classes of nouns reflected in the behavior of associated words; every noun must belong to one of the classes and there should be very few which belong to several classes at once. ... In linguistics, grammatical genders, also called noun classes, are classes of nouns reflected in the behavior of associated words; every noun must belong to one of the classes and there should be very few which belong to several classes at once. ... This article is about &c. ... Et in Arcadia ego by Nicolas Poussin 1637–39 (Louvre Museum) Et in Arcadia ego is a Latin phrase that most famously appears as the title of a painting by Nicolas Poussin (1594–1665). ... This page includes English translations of several Latin phrases and abbreviations such as . ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Julius Caesar is a tragedy by William Shakespeare probably written in 1599. ... Latin - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The Greek language (Greek Ελληνικά, IPA – Hellenic) is an Indo-European language with a documented history of some 3,000 years. ... The Roman Colosseum Rome (Italian and Latin Roma) is the capital city of Italy, and of its Lazio region. ... Mestrius Plutarch (c. ... This article is about Julius Caesar the Roman dictator. ... The Greek language (Greek Ελληνικά, IPA – Hellenic) is an Indo-European language with a documented history of some 3,000 years. ... In Roman Catholic dogma, the Latin phrase ex cathedra, literally meaning from the throne [of St Peter] is applied in Catholic theology to statements made by the pope in his capacity as infallible guide and teacher of the faithful. ... Pope John Paul II has reigned since 22 Oct 1978. ... Ex gratia (sometimes ex-gratia) is Latin and is most often used in a legal context. ... Ex libris (Latin: from books) is a phrase often used in an ownership inscription or a bookplate, usually found on the inside of a book cover or on one of the first few pages. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... Christianity is an Abrahamic religion based on the life, teachings, death by crucifixion, and resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth as described in the New Testament. ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ... This article focuses on the monotheistic concept of a singular God. ... Creation or Creationism is the theological doctrine that all material in the universe was created out of nothingness (ex nihilo) by a deity, or by one or more powerful and intelligent beings through supernatural, theistic, or mythological means (see demiurge). ... The deepest visible-light image of the cosmos. ... For the mathematics of nothing, see zero. ... The United States of America — also referred to as the United States, the U.S.A., the U.S., America, the States, or (archaically) Columbia—is a federal republic of 50 states located primarily in central North America (with the exception of two states: Alaska and Hawaii). ... A vice president is an officer in government or business who is next in rank below a president. ... A senate is a deliberative body, often the upper house or chamber of a legislature. ... Ex parte is a Latin legal term meaning from (by or for) one party (pronounced ekss par-TAY or ekss par-TEE, although the proper Latin is Eks PAR-teh). An ex parte decision is one decided by a judge without requiring the plaintiff to be present. ... This is a list of legal terms, often from Latin: A mensa et thoro A mensa et thoro, from bed and board. ... An ex post facto law (Latin for from a thing done afterward), also known as a retrospective law, is a law that is retroactive, i. ... A citation signal indicates how a writer views the relationship of a citation, to some statement being made. ... In the sciences, an experimentum crucis, or critical experiment, is an experiment capable of decisively determining whether or not a particular hypothesis or theory is correct. ...

F

Felo-de-se
"Evildoer upon himself" — that is, one who commits suicide.
Fiat lux (et facta est lux)
"Let there be light (and there was light)" — from Genesis, also the motto of the University of California.
Fidei Defensor (Fid Def or fd)
"Defender of the Faith" — a title given to Henry VIII of England by Pope Leo X on October 17, 1521 before Henry became an heresiarch. Appears on all British coins, usually abbreviated.
Fons et origo
"The wellspring and origin."

Suicide (from Latin sui caedere, to kill oneself) is the act of intentionally ending ones own life. ... Fiat lux is a Latin phrase meaning let there be light when relating to Genesis (1:3). ... This article is about Genesis, the first book of the Hebrew Bible. ... The University of California (UC) is a public university system within the State of California. ... Defenders of the Faith. ... Henry VIII King of England and Ireland by Hans Holbein the Younger His Grace King Henry VIII (28 June 1491–28 January 1547) was King of England and Lord of Ireland (later King of Ireland) from 22 April 1509 until his death. ... Pope Leo X Leo X, né Giovanni di Lorenzo de Medici (December 11, 1475 - December 1, 1521), was the only pope who has bestowed his own name upon his age, and one of the few whose original extraction has corresponded in some measure with the splendour of the pontifical dignity. ... October 17 is the 290th (in leap years the 291st) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 3 - Pope Leo X excommunicates Martin Luther. ...

G

Genius loci
"The spirit of the place."
Gloria in excelsis Deo
"Glory to God in the highest."

Spirit of Place is the only full length album by Australian folk-rock band Goanna. ... Gloria in Excelsis Deo (Latin for Glory to God in the highest) is the title and beginning of the great doxology (song of praise) used in the Roman Catholic mass and, in translation, in the services of many other Christian churches. ...

H

Habeas corpus
"You must have the body" — i.e. you must justify an imprisonment. First two words of the Writ to bring a prisoner to court (Charles II of England, Habeas Corpus Act - 1679) and commonly used as the general term for a prisoner's legal right to have the charge against specifically identified.
Habemus papam
"We have a pope" — used in a Catholic Church conclave to announce a successful ballot to elect a new pope.
Haec olim meminisse iuvabit
"Perhaps, we'll look back at this and smile." Virgil's Aeneid
Hic iacet...
"Here lies..." — written on gravestones or tombs.
Hic sepultus...
"Here is buried..."
Hic sunt leones
"Here there are lions" — written on uncharted territories of old maps
Honoris causa
"For the sake of honor" — said of an honorary title, e.g., Doctor of Science honoris causa.
Horas non numero nisi serenas
"I only count the sunny hours" — common inscription on sundials.
Hora somni (h.s.)
"At bedtime", literally "at the hour of sleep" (medical shorthand)
Horribile dictu
"Horrible to say" — i.e. "a horrible thing to relate."

In common law jurisdictions, habeas corpus, or more precisely habeas corpus ad subjiciendum, is a prerogative writ which requires the addressee to produce in court a person in its custody and justify his or her imprisonment. ... Charles II King of England, Scotland and Ireland Charles II (29 May 1630–6 February 1685) was the King of England, Scotland and Ireland from 30 January 1649 (de jure) or 29 May 1660 (de facto) until his death. ... The Habeas Corpus Act 1679 is an English statute passed during the reign of King Charles II to define and strengthen the ancient prerogative writ of habeas corpus, whereby persons unlawfully detained can be ordered to be produced before a court of law. ... The Sistine Chapel is the location of the conclave. ... For other uses see Virgil (disambiguation). ... The Aeneid is a Latin epic written by Virgil in the 1st century BC that tells the legendary story of Aeneas, a Trojan who traveled to Italy where he became the ancestor of the Romans. ... Headstones in the Japanese Cemetry in Broome, Western Australia A cemetery in rural Spain A typical late 20th century headstone in the United States A headstone, tombstone or gravestone is a marker, normally carved from stone, placed over or next to the site of a burial. ... Honoris causa (plural: Causae) is a Latin term meaning for the sake of honor, abbreviated as . ... Wall sundial Wall sundial in Warsaws Old Town A sundial measures time by the position of the sun. ... A medical prescription (℞) is a written order by a medical doctor to a pharmacist for a treatment to be provided to the doctors patient. ...

I

Ibidem (ibid.)
"In the same place" — usually in bibliographic citations.
Id est (i.e.)
"That is (to say)", abbreviated as "i.e." — sometimes "in this case," depending on the context. When celebrating this holiday (i.e. Christmas), hang a wreath on your door. It is never equivalent to "e.g.".
Igni ferroque
"By fire and iron" — a phrase describing scorched earth tactics. Also seen as igne atque ferro, ferro ignique, and other variations.
Imago dei
"Image of God" — a religious concept.
Imitatio dei
"Imitation of God" — a principle, held by several religions, that believers should strive to resemble their god(s).
Imperium in imperio
"An empire within an empire" — i.e. a group of people within an nation's territory who are beginning to look as if they most of the members owe primary allegiance to the upper member(s) of the group, so that the allegiance of the group depends more than it should on the relationship of the leader(s) with the larger empire.
Imperium sine fine
"Empire without end". In Virgil's Aeneid, Jupiter ordered Aeneas to found a city (Rome) from which would come an everlasting, neverending empire, the empire-without-end.
Imprimatur
"(It) may be printed" — an authorization to publish, granted by some censoring authority (originally a Catholic Bishop).
In absentia
"In the absence" — e.g. of a trial carried out in the absence of the accused.
In camera
"In secret" (literally "in the chamber")
In duplo
"In two (copies)"
In effigie
"In (the form of) an image" — as opposed to "in the flesh" or "in person".
In esse
"In existence"
In extenso
"In long (form)" — i.e. "in full", "completely", "unabridged."
In fidem
"To faith" — to the verification of
In fieri
"Pending"
In fine (i.f.)
"Finally."
In flagrante delicto
"In flaming crime" — i.e. "caught red-handed."
In flore
"In bloom."
In foro
"In forum" — in court.
In illo tempore
"At that time", found often in the Gospel lecture during the Mass. It is used to mark a time in an indetermined past.
In loco
"At the place" — as e.g., "the water samples were analyzed in loco."
In loco parentis
"In place of the parents" — Legal term, "assuming custodial/parental responsibility and authority".
In manus tuas commendo spiritum meum
"In your hands I commend (i.e., entrust) my spirit", according to Luke 23:46 the last words of Jesus on the Cross.
In medias res
"Into the middle of things" — by Horace, refers to the literary technique of beginning a narrative in them middle of, or at a late point in, the story, after much action has already taken place. Examples include the Iliad, the Odyssey, and Paradise Lost. Compare ab initio.
In memoriam
"In memory of" — i.e. to remember or honor a deceased person.
In nuce
"In a nutshell."
In partibus infidelium
"In the land of the infidels" — infidels here refers to non-Christians. After Islam conquered a big part of the Roman Empire, the corresponding bishoprics didn't disappear, but remained as honorific titles.
In pectore
'In (my) heart.' — a Cardinal named in secret by the pope.
In rerum natura
"In the nature of things."
In saeculo
"In the (secular) world" — i.e. outside a monastery, or before death.
In salvo
"In safety."
In silico
"In silicon", an experiment or process performed as a computer simulation. Compare with in vitro and in vivo. This is pseudo-latin, though clever. The "on" ending of silicon matches no latin noun declension, though there are Greek neuter nouns that end in "-on"; the ablative case ending is simply taken by analogy from in vivo and in vitro.
In statu nascendi
"In the state of being born" — just as something is about to begin.
In situ
"In place" — in the original place, position, or arrangement. In medical contexts it implies that the condition is "still" in its original place and has not spread.
Insolitos docuere nisus
"showed unusual efforts" (Horace, Odes 4.4  (http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=Hor.+Carm.+4.4))
In toto
"In all" — "totally", "completely".
In triplo
"In three (copies)."
In vitro
"In glass" — an experiment or process performed in a non-natural laboratory setting, for example in a test tube.
In vivo
"In life" — an experiment or process performed in a living specimen, as opposed to in vitro.
Incredibile dictu
"Incredible to say."
Index librorum prohibitorum
"List of prohibited books" — a list of books considered heretical by the Catholic Church.
inst.
abbreviation for instant, formerly used in formal correspondence to refer to the current month, as opposed to last or next month. An example of usage would be "Thank-you for your letter of the 17th inst." See also ult. and prox.
Inter alia
"Among other things."
Inter arma enim silent leges
"In times of war, the law falls silent." —Cicero
Inter caetera
"Among others". Title of a papal bull.
Inter spem et metum
"Between hope and fear."
Inter vivos
"Between the living" — said of property transfers between living persons, as opposed to inheritance; often relevant to tax laws.
Integer vitae scelerisque purus
"Untouched by life and free of wickedness" — by Horace, used as a funeral hymn.
Intra muros
"Within the walls" — i.e. "not public"; intramural.
Intra Vires
"Within the authority," literally, the "strengths" or powers.
In usum Delphini
"In the manner of the Dauphin" — rare variant of ad usum Delphini.
Ipse dixit
"He, himself, said it" — emphasizes that some assertion comes from some authority. See appeal to authority.
Ipsissima verba
"The very words themselves" — i.e. "strictly word for word." see verbatim.
Ipso facto
"By the fact itself."
Ira Deorum
"Wrath of the Gods" - Like the vast majority of inhabitants of the ancient world, the Romans practiced pagan rituals, believing it important to achieve a state of Pax Deorum (The Peace of the Gods) instead of Ira Deorum (The Wrath of the Gods). Earthquakes, floods, famine, etc..
Ita vero
"Thus indeed". A useful phrase, as the Romans had no word for "yes".
Ite, missa est
"Leave, the mass is finished" — the final words of the Roman Missal (literally "go, it is dismissed", i.e. the congregation is dismissed, or "go, this is the mass", i.e. there is no more mass to be said)
Iunctis viribus
"By united efforts."
Ius primae noctis
"Right of the first night" — the droit de seigneur.

A bibliography is an overview of (almost) all publications in some category: works of some author publications about some specific subject publications published in some specific country publications published in some specific period publications mentioned in, or relevant to, a particular work (a bibliography of this type, sometimes called a... In the United States, a holiday is a day set aside by a nation or culture (in some cases, multiple nations and cultures) typically for celebration but sometimes for some other kind of special culture-wide (or national) observation or activity. ... Joseph and Mary with baby Jesus, at the first Christmas Christmas (literally, the Mass of Christ) is a holiday in the Christian calendar, usually observed on December 25, which celebrates the birth of Jesus. ... A wreath is a ring made of flowers, leaves, and sometimes fruits, used as an ornament, hanging on a wall or door, or resting on a table. ... This article is about the military strategy. ... Imitatio dei (Latin, imitating god) is a religious concept according to which virtue among man is found by resembling God, to which man should aspire. ... For other uses see Virgil (disambiguation). ... The Aeneid is a Latin epic written by Virgil in the 1st century BC that tells the legendary story of Aeneas, a Trojan who traveled to Italy where he became the ancestor of the Romans. ... Aeneas (or Aineias) was a Trojan hero, the son of prince Anchises and the goddess Venus. ... Imprimatur is an official approval from the hierarchy of the Roman Catholic Church stating that a literary or similar work is totally free from error in all matters of faith and doctrine and hence acceptable reading for faithful Catholics. ... This article considers Catholicism in the broadest ecclesiastical sense. ... In camera (Latin: in chamber) is a legal term meaning in secret. It applies to court cases (or portions thereof) to which the public are not admitted. ... The term in loco parentis, Latin for in the place of a parent, refers to the legal responsibility of a person or organization to take on some of the functions and responsibilities of a parent. ... This is a list of legal terms, often from Latin: A mensa et thoro A mensa et thoro, from bed and board. ... The Gospel of Luke is the third of the four canonical Gospels of the New Testament, which tell the story of Jesus life, death, and resurrection. ... This article is about the figure known by both Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ. For other usages, see Jesus (disambiguation). ... For other people named Horace, see Horace (disambiguation). ... The Iliad is, with The Odyssey, one of the two major Greek epic poems traditionally attributed to Homer, a blind Ionian poet. ... Odyssey (disambiguation). ... For the UK Goth metal band, see Paradise Lost (band). ... This article is about the religous people known as Christians. ... Islam ( Arabic al-islām الإسلام,  listen?) the submission to God is a monotheistic faith and the worlds second-largest religion. ... In pectore, meaning in the breast, is a Latin term used within Roman Catholicism to refer to the ability of a pope to name secret cardinals whose names are not revealed and whose identities are therefore known only to the pope (in his breast) and (in accordance with doctrine) to... A cardinal is a senior ecclesiastical official in the Roman Catholic Church, ranking just below the Pope and appointed by him as a member of the College of Cardinals, during a consistory. ... in silico is literally in silicon and means performed on computer or via computer simulation. ... General Name, Symbol, Number silicon, Si, 14 Series metalloid Group, Period, Block 14 (IVA), 3, p Density, Hardness 2330 kg/m3, 6. ... This article needs cleanup. ... In vitro (Latin: within glass) means within a test tube, or, more generally, outside a living organism or cell. ... In vivo (Latin for (with)in the living) means within a living organism (a cell). ... The Index Librorum Prohibitorum (Index of Prohibited Books)—also called Index Expurgatorius—is a list of publications which Roman Catholics were banned from reading, pernicious books, and also the rules of the Church relating to books. ... A Papal bull is a written communication from the Vatican Chancery, bearing a formal papal seal. ... For other people named Horace, see Horace (disambiguation). ... The Dauphin was the heir apparent to the throne of France under the Valois and Bourbon dynasties. ... An appeal to authority is a type of argument in logic also known as argument from authority, argumentum ad verecundiam (Latin: argument from modesty) or ipse dixit (Latin: he himself, said it). ... Ipso facto is a Latin phrase meaning by that very fact. ... Pagan may refer to: A believer in Paganism or Neopaganism. ... The Roman Missal is the liturgical book that contains the texts and rubrics for the celebration of the Roman rite of Mass. ... The jus primae noctis meaning law (or right) of the first night, and droit du seigneur meaning the lords right, is the purported right of the lord of an estate to deflower its virgins. ...

L

Lapsus calami
"A slip of the pen."
Lapsus linguae
"A slip of the tongue."
Lapsus memoriae
"Memory lapse."
Laus deo
"Praise be to God."
Legitime
"Forced share" — a legal term describing the portion of a deceased person's estate from which the immediate family cannot be disinherited.
Lex talionis
"Law of retaliation" — cf. Retributive justice, an eye for an eye.
Locus classicus
"A classic place" — a quote from a classical text used as an example of something.
Lorem ipsum
A mangled fragment from Cicero's De Finibus Bonorum et Malorum ("On the Ends (Limits) of Good and Evil," 45 BC), used as typographer's filler to show fonts (a.k.a greeked text).
Lucus a non lucendo
"The word for 'grove' is lucus (=light) because it is not light in a grove" ? etymology by opposites. Or possibly: The light shineth not into the grove.
Lupus in fabula
"Wolf from the fable." — i.e. "Speak of the wolf, and he will come". Occurs in Terence's play Adelphoe.

In civil and Roman law, the legitime, or forced share, of a decedents estate is that portion of the estate from which he cannot disinherit his children, or his parents, without sufficient legal cause. ... Estate is a term used in the common law. ... Retributive justice is a theory of criminal justice wherein punishments are justified on the grounds that the criminal has created an imbalance in the social order that must be addressed by action against the criminal. ... The phrase an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth expresses a form of retributive justice also known as lex talionis (Latin, law of retaliation). It may have originated in ancient near-Eastern and Middle Eastern law, such as Babylonian law. ... Lorem ipsum (lipsum for short) is the standard placeholder text used in the publishing and graphic design industry. ... For other uses see Cicero (disambiguation) Marcus Tullius Cicero (January 3, 106 BC - December 7, 43 BC) was an orator and statesman of Ancient Rome, and is generally considered the greatest Latin prose stylist. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC - 40s BC - 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC 0s BC 0s Years: 50 BC 49 BC 48 BC 47 BC 46 BC 45 BC 44 BC 43 BC 42 BC... Typography (from the Greek words typos = form and grapho = write) is the art and technique of selecting and arranging type styles, point sizes, line lengths, line leading, character spacing, and word spacing for typeset applications. ... In typography, a typeface is a co-ordinated set of character designs, which usually comprises an alphabet of letters, a set of numerals and a set of punctuation marks. ... Greeked text refers to nonsensical passages of text which are used to demonstrate typography work. ... The Latin sentence Lucus a non lucendo can be translated as The word for grove is lucus because it is not light [non lucet] in a grove. ... Etymology is the study of the origins of words. ... Publius Terentius Afer, better known as Terence, was a comic playwright of the Roman Republic. ...

M

Magna cum laude
"With great honor."
Magno cum gaudio
"With great joy."
Magna Europa est Patria Nostra
"Greater Europe is our [common] Fatherland" — Political motto of pan-Europeanists
Magna est vis consuetudinis
"Great is the power of habit"
Magnum opus
"Great work" — said (sometimes ironically) of someone's masterpiece.
Mala fide
"In bad faith" — said of an act done with knowledge of its illegality, or with intention to defraud or mislead someone.
Malum discordiae
"[The] evil of discord"
Malum in se
"Wrong in itself" — a crime that is inherently wrong; cf. malum prohibitum.
Malum prohibitum
"Prohibited wrong" — something that society decided to forbid, but is not inherently evil.
Manu propria (m.p.)
"Done with one's own hand"
Mea (maxima) culpa
"By my own (very great) fault" — used in Christian prayers and confession.
Melita, domi adsum.
"Honey, I'm home." (from the joke phrasebook, Latin Language for All Occasions; grammatically correct, but the phrase would be anachronistic in ancient Rome)
Memento mori
"Remember that you will die!"
Mens sana in corpore sano
"A healthy mind in a healthy body", or "A healthy mind requires a healthy body".
Mirabile dictu
"Wonderful to tell."
Miserere nobis
"Have mercy upon us" - a phrase within the Gloria and the Agnus Dei, to be used at certain points in Christian religious ceremonies.
Modus operandi (M. O.)
"Way of working" — usually used to describe a criminal's methods.
Modus ponens
"Method of adding" — loosely "method of affirming", a logical rule of inference, saying that from proposition P and if P then Q one can conclude Q.
Modus tollens
"Method of subtracting" — loosely "method of denying", a logical rule of inference, saying that from propositions not Q and if P then Q one can conclude not P.
Modus morons
Not actually Latin, but a wordplay on the above two, referring to the oft-made logical fallacy that from if P then Q and not P, one would conclude not Q.
Modus vivendi
"Way of living" — i.e. an accommodation between disagreeing parties to allow life to go on.
Morituri te salutant
"They who are about to die salute you!"
Multum in parvo
"Much in little" — e.g. "Latin phrases are often multum in parvo, because they convey much in few words."
Mutatis mutandis
"Changing what is to be changed" — i.e., "with the appropriate changes".

Latin honors are Latin phrases used to indicate the level of academic distinction with which an academic degree was earned. ... Magnum opus, from the Latin meaning great work, refers to the best or most renowned achievement of an author, artist, or composer. ... Malum in se (plural mala in se) is a Latin phrase meaning wrong in itself; it is an act that is illegal from the nature of the act, i. ... Malum prohibitum (plural mala prohibita, literal translation: wrong because prohibited) is a Latin phrase used in law to refer to crimes made so by statute, as opposed to crimes based on English common law and obvious violations of societys standards which are defined as malum in se. ... This page includes English translations of several Latin phrases and abbreviations such as . ... Memento mori is a Latin phrase that means Remember that you must die. ... Gloria in Excelsis Deo (Latin for Glory to God in the highest) is the title and beginning of the great doxology (song of praise) used in the Roman Catholic mass and, in translation, in the services of many other Christian churches. ... The Agnus Dei, the figure of a lamb bearing a symbol of Jesus as the Lamb of God. ... This article is about the religious people known as Christians. ... Modus operandi (sometimes used in the abbreviated form MO) is a Latin phrase, approximately translatable as mode of operation, used in police work to describe a criminals characteristic patterns and style of work. ... Modus ponens (Latin: mode that affirms) is a valid, simple argument form (often abbreviated to MP): If P, then Q. P. Therefore, Q. or in logical operator notation: where represents the logical assertion. ... Mathematical logic is a discipline within mathematics, studying formal systems in relation to the way they encode intuitive concepts of proof and computation as part of the foundations of mathematics. ... In logic, especially in mathematical logic, a rule of inference is a scheme for constructing valid inferences. ... Modus tollens (Latin: mode that denies) is the formal name for indirect proof or proof by contrapositive, often abbreviated to MT It is a common, simple argument form: If P, then Q. Q is false. ... Mathematical logic is a discipline within mathematics, studying formal systems in relation to the way they encode intuitive concepts of proof and computation as part of the foundations of mathematics. ... In logic, especially in mathematical logic, a rule of inference is a scheme for constructing valid inferences. ...

N

Natura non contristatur
"Nature isn't sentimental"
Nemine contradicente (nem. con.)
"Without contestation" — literally, "with no one speaking against;" used especially in committees, where a matter may be passed nem. con..
Nemo dat quod non habet
"No one can pass better title than they have;" literally, "no one gives what he doesn't possess."
Nemo me impune lacessit
"No-one provokes me with impunity" — Motto of The Order of the Thistle, found stamped on the milled edge of certain UK Pound coins.
Ne plus ultra (also nec plus ultra, non plus ultra)
"nothing more beyond" literally, but figuratively it is a descriptive phrase meaning the best or most extreme example of something. The Pillars of Hercules, for example, were the ne plus ultra (in the literal sense) of the ancient Mediterranean world. Charles V's heraldic emblem reversed this idea, using a depiction of this phrase inscribed on the Pillars—without the negation. This represented Spain's expansion into the New World.
Nihil obstat
"Nothing prevents" — a notation, usually on a title page, indicating that a Catholic censor has reviewed the book and found nothing objectionable to faith or morals in its content. See also imprimatur.
Nihil per os (n.p.o.)
"Nothing by mouth" (medical shorthand)
Nolens (aut) volens
"Willing or not," comparable with "willy-nilly", though that is derived from Old English will-he nil-he (i.e., [whether] he will or [whether] he will not).
Noli me tangere
"Touch me not" — according to the Gospel of John, this was said by Christ to Mary Magdalene after his Resurrection.
Nolle prosequi
"Not willing to prosecute" — a legal motion by a prosecutor or other plaintiff to drop legal charges, usually in exchange for a diversion program or out-of-court settlement.
Nolo contendere
"No Contest" a plea that can be entered on behalf of a defendant in a court that states the accused doesn't admit guilt but will accept punishment for a crime. Nolo contendere pleas cannot be used as evidence in another trial.
Nomen nescio (N. N.)
"Name unknown" — literally, "I do not know the name", implying an unknown person.
Non causa pro causa
"Non-cause for cause" — a logical fallacy.
Non compos mentis or Non compos sui
"Of unsound mind."
Non mihi solum
"Not for myself alone"
Non obstante veredicto
"Notwithstanding the verdict" — a legal motion asking the court to reverse the jury's verdict on the grounds that the jury could not reasonably have reached such a verdict.
Non sequitur
"It does not follow" — a statement that is the result of faulty logic.
Non serviam
"I will not serve."
Nota bene (n.b.)
"Note it well" — i.e. "please note", "important note."
Novus Ordo Seclorum
"New Order of the Ages" — motto on the Great Seal of the United States; from Vergil.
Nullam rem natam
"No thing born" — i.e. "nothing". It has been claimed that this expression is the origin of Italian nulla, French rien, and Spanish/Portuguese nada, all with the same meaning.
Numerus clausus
"Closed number."
Nunc dimittis
"Now you are dismissing" — Spoken by Simeon when holding the baby Jesus when he felt he was ready to be dismissed into the afterlife ('he had seen the light'); often used in the same way the phrase 'Eureka' is used; from the Gospel of Luke (New testament)
Nunc scio quid sit amor
"Now I know what love is" — Virgil, Eclogues VII

Nemo dat quod non habet, literally meaning no one [can] give what they dont have is a legal rule, sometimes called the nemo dat rule that states that the purchase of a possession from someone who has no ownership right to it also denies the purchaser any ownership title. ... James VII ordained the modern Order. ... Pillars of Hercules is the ancient name given to the promontories that flank the entrance to the Straits of Gibraltar. ... Charles V Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain Charles V ( 24 February 1500– 21 September 1558) was effectively (the first) King of Spain from 1516 to 1556 (in principle, he was from 1516 king of Aragon and from 1516 guardian of his insane mother, queen of Castile who died... This article needs cleanup. ... Catholic is a term generally used in relation to the members, beliefs and practices of the Roman Catholic Church. ... This article is about the ancient Roman political office. ... A medical prescription (℞) is a written order by a medical doctor to a pharmacist for a treatment to be provided to the doctors patient. ... A separate article treats the novel, Noli Me Tangere, by Jose Rizal. ... The Gospel of John is the fourth gospel in the sequence of the canon as printed in the New Testament, and scholars agree it was the fourth to be written. ... Mary Magdalene, which probably means Mary of Magdala, a town on the western shore of the Lake of Tiberias, is described in the New Testament as a follower of Jesus both in the canon and in the apocrypha. ... According to the New Testament, especially the Gospels, God raised Jesus from the dead on the third day after his crucifixion. ... A legal motion is a procedural device in law to bring a limited but contested matter before a court for decision. ... In countries adopting the common law adversarial system or the civil law inquisitorial system, the prosecutor is the chief legal representative of the prosecution. ... The plaintiff, claimant, or complainant is the party initiating a lawsuit, (also known as an action). ... Fallacies of questionable cause, also known as causal fallacies, non causa pro causa (non-cause for cause in Latin) or false cause, are informal fallacies where a cause is incorrectly identified. ... A logical fallacy is an error in logical argument which is independent of the truth of the premises. ... The term non compos mentis comes from Latin, non meaning not, compos meaning in control, and mentis, genitive singular of mens, and means It is most typically used in its negative form, non compos mentis, that is, not having control of ones faculties, as in a phrase such as... Judgment notwithstanding the verdict, or J.N.O.V. for short (Lat. ... In law, a verdict indicates the judgment of a case before a court of law. ... This article is about courts of law. ... This article is confusing for some readers, and needs to be edited for clarity. ... This article is about the logical fallacy. ... In literature, the Latin phrase non serviam was spoken by Satan as he refused to serve God. ... The phrase Novus Ordo Seclorum (Latin for New Order of the Ages or New Order for the Ages) was originally a motto of the Freemasonry, appears on the reverse of the Great Seal of the United States, first publicly revealed in 1782 and printed on the back of the American... Obverse The Great Seal of the United States is used to authenticate certain documents issued by the United States government. ... For other uses see Virgil (disambiguation). ... Italian is a Romance language spoken by about 70 million people, most of whom live in Italy. ... French (français, langue française) is one of the most important Romance languages, outnumbered in speakers only by Spanish and Portuguese. ... This article is about the international language known as Spanish. ... Portuguese (português) is a Romance language predominantly spoken in Portugal, Brazil, Angola, Mozambique, Cape Verde, and East Timor. ... Numerus Clausus (closed number in Latin) is one of many methods used to limit the number of students who may study at a university. ... Simeon or Shimon (שִׁמְעוֹן) is a Hebrew name meaning Hearkening; listening, Standard Hebrew Šimʿon, Tiberian Hebrew Šimʿôn) The Greek form of the name is Simon. ... This article is about the figure known by both Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ. For other usages, see Jesus (disambiguation). ... EUREKA is a research and development funding and coordination organization of the European Union founded in 1985. ... The Gospel of Luke is the third of the four canonical Gospels of the New Testament, which tell the story of Jesus life, death, and resurrection. ... The New Testament, sometimes called the Greek Scriptures, is the name given to the part of the Christian Bible that was written after the birth of Jesus. ... For other uses see Virgil (disambiguation). ... The Eclogues is one of three major works by the Latin poet Virgil. ...

O

O tempora, O mores!
"Oh the times! Oh the morals!" (Marcus Tullius Cicero, Catilina I, 1, 2) also translated "Oh the times! Oh the customs!".
Oculus dexter (O.D.)
"Right eye" (ophthalmologist shorthand)
Oculus sinister (O.S.)
"Left eye" (ophthalmologist shorthand)
Oderint dum metuant
"Let them hate, so long as they fear"
Odi et amo
"I hate (her), and I love (her)" — from Catullus.
Odium theologicum
"Theological hatred" — a name for the special hatred generated in theological disputes.
Opera omnia
"All works" — the collected works of some author.
Opera posthuma
"Posthumous works" — i.e. published after the author's death.
Opere citato (op. cit.)
"In work (already) cited" — used in academic works when referring again to the last source mentioned or used.
Ophidia in herba
"A snake in the grass" — any hidden danger or unknown risk.
Opus Dei
"The Work of God" or "God's Work".

For other uses see Cicero (disambiguation) Marcus Tullius Cicero (January 3, 106 BC - December 7, 43 BC) was an orator and statesman of Ancient Rome, and is generally considered the greatest Latin prose stylist. ... In 63 BC Marcus Tullius Cicero (106_43 BC), orator, statesman and patriot, attained the rank of consul and in that capacity exposed to the Roman Senate the plot of Lucius Sergius Catilina (approx. ... This article refers to the sight organ. ... Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine which deals with the diseases of the eye and their treatment. ... Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine which deals with the diseases of the eye and their treatment. ... Gaius Valerius Catullus (c. ... The Latin phrase Odium theologicum, literally meaning theological hatred, is the name given to the particular rancor and hatred generated by disputes over theology. ... Theology is literally rational discourse concerning God (Greek θεος, theos, God, + λογος, logos, rational discourse). By extension, it also refers to the study of other religious topics. ... Founder of Opus Dei: Saint Josemaría Escrivá The Prelature of the Holy Cross and Opus Dei, commonly known as Opus Dei (Latin, The Work of God, or Gods Work) is a Roman Catholic organization founded on October 2, 1928, by Josemaría Escrivá, a Spanish priest, who was later canonized... This article focuses on the monotheistic concept of a singular God. ... This article focuses on the monotheistic concept of a singular God. ...

P

Pace
"With peace" — used to indicate that the speaker contradicts someone else: "...but acquired characteristics are not inherited, pace Lamarck..."
Pace tua
"With your permission."
Panem et circenses
"Bread and circus plays" — Juvenal, Satires 10, 81, describing all that was needed for the emperors to placate the Roman mob, and today used to describe any public entertainment used to distract public attention from more important matters.
Parens patriae
"Parent of the country."
Pari passu
"With equal step" — moving together, simultaneously, etc..
Passim
"Throughout", "here and there", "frequently" — of a word that occurs several times in a cited texts; also, in proof reading, of a change that is to be repeated everywhere needed.
Pater familias
"Father of the family."
Pater peccavi
"Father, I have sinned" — the traditional beginning of a Catholic confession.
Pax Americana
"The Peace of America" — a euphemism for the United States of America and its sphere of influence, adapted from Pax Romana (q.v.)
Pax Britannica
"The Peace of Britain" — a euphemism for the British Empire, adapted from Pax Romana (q.v.)
Pax Dei
"Peace of God", Peace and Truce of God movement, 10th Century, France.
Pax Deorum
"Peace of the Gods" — Like the vast majority of inhabitants of the ancient world, the Romans practiced pagan rituals, believing it important to achieve a state of Pax Deorum (The Peace of the Gods) instead of Ira Deorum (The Wrath of the Gods). Earthquakes, floods, famine, etc..
Pax et bonum
"Peace and goodness". The motto of St. Francis of Assisi and, consequently, the motto of his monastery in Assisi, in the Tuscany region of Italy. Italian translation: pace e bene.
Pax Romana
"The Peace of Rome" — the peace forcefully imposed by the Roman Empire.
Pax Sinica
"The Peace of China" — a euphemism for periods of peace in East Asia during times of a strong Chinese empire, adapted from Pax Romana (q.v.)
Pax tecum
"Peace be with you (singular)."
Pax vobiscum
"Peace be with you (plural)."
Pendent opera interrupta
"The work hangs interrupted" — from the Aeneid of Virgil, Book IV
Per annum
"Per year."
Per ardua ad astra
"Through adversity to the stars." — Motto of the British Royal Air Force
Per aspera ad astra
"The hard way towards the stars," or "through hardship to the stars."
Per capsulam
"By letter."
Per caput or per capita
"Per head" — i.e. "per person".
Per curiam
"by [the] court."
Per definitionem
"by definition."
Per os (p.o.)
"By mouth" (medical shorthand)
Per procurationem (p.p.)
Through the agency (of) — used to indicate that a person is signing a document on behalf of another person (correctly placed before the name of the person signing, but often placed before the name of the person on whose behalf the document is signed, sometimes through incorrect translation of the alternative abbreviation "per pro." as "for and on behalf of").
Per se
"By itself" or "in itself" — i.e. without referring to anything else, intrinsically, taken without qualifications, etc.; for instance, negligence per se.
Per stirpes
"Per branch" — used in wills to indicate that each branch of the testator's family should inherit equally; contrast per capita.
Perpetuum mobile
"Thing in perpetual motion."
Persona non grata
"Person not wanted" — an unwanted or undesirable person. In diplomatic contexts, a person rejected by the host government. (Unwelcome, banned)
Petitio principii
"Begging the principle" — i.e. "begging the question"; a logical fallacy.
Pia desideria
"Pious desires."
Pia fraus
"Pious betrayal" — expression from Ovid used to describe betrayal which serves Church purposes.
Pons asinorum
"Bridge of asses." Any obstacle that stupid people find hard to cross, originally used of Euclid's Fifth Proposition in geometry.
Pontifex Maximus
"The greatest high priest" — a traditional epithet of the pope and previously of the Roman emperors. The pontifices were the most important priestly college of the ancient Roman religion; their name is usually thought to derive from pons facere, 'to make a bridge', which in turn is usually linked to their religious authority over the bridges of Rome, especially the Pons Sublicius.
Posse comitatus
"Power of the county".
Post cibum (p.c.)
"After meals" (medical shorthand)
Post facto
"After the fact." (see ex post facto)
Post hoc, ergo propter hoc
"After this, therefore because of this" — a logical fallacy in which sequence and cause are confused.
Post meridiem (p.m.)
"After noon" — in the period from noon to midnight.
Post mortem
"After death."
Post scriptum (p.s.)
"Post script" used to mark additions to a letter, after the signature.
Prima facie
"At first sight" — used to designate evidence in a trial which is suggestive, but not conclusive, of something (e.g. a person's guilt).
Primum non nocere
"First, do no harm." — A medical precept, attributed to Hippocrates.
Primus inter pares
"First among equals" — a title of the Roman emperors.
Pro bono (publico)
"For the (public) good" — said of a lawyer's work that is not charged for.
Pro forma
"As a matter of form"
Pro hac vice
"for this occasion" — request of a state court to allow an out-of-state lawyer to represent a client. (see List of legal terms)
Pro studio et labore
"For hard work and labor."
Pro rata
"For the rate" — i.e. proportionately.
Pro re nata (prn)
"As needed" (medical shorthand)
Pro Tanto
"for so much"
Pro tempore
"For the time (being)" — i.e. "temporary."
Profanum vulgus
"The uninitiated masses" — from Horace.
Propria manu (p.m.)
"By own hand."
prox.
abbreviation for proximo. Formerly used in formal correspondence to refer to the following month. See also ult. and inst.
Punctum saliens
"The outstanding point" — i.e. the essential or most notable point.

Jean-Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet, Chevalier de Lamarck (August 1, 1744 - December 28, 1829) was a major 19th century naturalist, who was one of the first to use the term biology in its modern sense. ... Juvenal (Decimus Iunius Iuvenalis) was a Roman satiric poet of the 1st century AD. Very little is known about his life, the ancient biographies being generally fictitious. ... Proofreading is reading a proof copy of text for the purpose of detecting errors. ... The pater familias was the eldest or ranking male in a Roman household. ... Catholic is a term generally used in relation to the members, beliefs and practices of the Roman Catholic Church. ... In criminal proceedings, a confession is a document in which a suspect admits having committed a crime. ... The term Pax Americana ( Latin: American Peace) denotes the period of perceived peace in the Western world since the end of World War II in 1945, coinciding with the dominant military and economic position of the United States. ... The United States of America — also referred to as the United States, the U.S.A., the U.S., America, the States, or (archaically) Columbia—is a federal republic of 50 states located primarily in central North America (with the exception of two states: Alaska and Hawaii). ... Pax Britannica ( Latin for the British Peace, modeled after Pax Romana) refers to a period of British imperialism after the Battle of Waterloo and the War of 1812, which led to a period of overseas British expansionism. ... A database query syntax error has occurred. ... The Peace and Truce of God was a medieval European movement of the Roman Catholic Church which applied spiritual sanctions in order to control and stop the violence of feudal society. ... The Peace and Truce of God was a medieval European movement of the Roman Catholic Church which applied spiritual sanctions in order to control and stop the violence of feudal society. ... Pagan may refer to: A believer in Paganism or Neopaganism. ... Saint Francis of Assisi (born in Assisi, Italy, ca. ... The Lower and Upper Church from the lower piazza Assisi (Latin: Asisium) is a town and episcopal see on the western flank of Mt. ... Tuscany (Italian Toscana) is a region in central Italy, bordering on Latium to the south, Umbria to the east, Emilia-Romagna and Liguria to the north, and the Tyrrhenian Sea to the west. ... The Italian Republic or Italy (Italian: Repubblica Italiana or Italia) is a country in southern Europe. ... Pax Romana, Latin for the Roman peace, is the long period of peace experienced by states within the Roman Empire. ... The Roman Empire is not the Holy Roman Empire (843-1806). ... Pax Sinica (Latin for Chinese Peace) is a term referring to a time of peace in east Asia and/or the world, maintained by Chinese hegemony. ... East Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... China is the worlds oldest continuous major civilization, with written records dating back about 3,500 years and with 5,000 years being commonly used by Chinese as the age of their civilization. ... The Aeneid is a Latin epic written by Virgil in the 1st century BC that tells the legendary story of Aeneas, a Trojan who traveled to Italy where he became the ancestor of the Romans. ... For other uses see Virgil (disambiguation). ... The Royal Air Force (often abbreviated to RAF) is the air force of the United Kingdom. ... Per capita is a Latin phrase meaning for each head. ... A definition may be a statement of the essential properties of a certain thing, or a statement of equivalence between a term and that terms meaning. ... A medical prescription (℞) is a written order by a medical doctor to a pharmacist for a treatment to be provided to the doctors patient. ... Negligence per se is the legal doctrine whereby certain acts are considered intrinsically negligent, with no requirement to prove the negligence was known or intended. ... Per stirpes is a Latin phrase (meaning per branch) used in wills that specifies that each branch of the testators family is to receive an equal share of the estate. ... In the law, a will or testament is a documentary instrument by which a person regulates the rights of others over his property or family after his death. ... A testator is a person who has made a legally binding will or testament, which specifies what is to be done with that persons family and/or property after death. ... Per capita is a Latin phrase meaning for each head. ... This article or section should include material from Parallel Path See also Perpetuum mobile as a musical term Perpetual motion machines (the Latin term perpetuum mobile is not uncommon) are a class of hypothetical machines which would produce useful energy in a way science cannot explain (yet). ... Persona non grata (plural personae non gratae), literally an unwelcome person, is a term generally reserved for diplomats. ... There are two current usages to the phrase Begging the question. Recently, in popular usage, it is often used as a synonym for raising the question. However the original meaning, still recommended by most prescriptive writers on Standard English usage, is quite different: it describes a type of logical fallacy... A logical fallacy is an error in logical argument which is independent of the truth of the premises. ... For other uses, see Ovid (disambiguation) Engraved frontispiece of George Sandyss 1640 London edition of Ovids Metamorphoses Publius Ovidius Naso, ( March 20, 43 BC – AD 17) Roman poet known to the English-speaking world as Ovid, wrote on topics of love, abandoned women, and mythological transformations. ... Euclid of Alexandria (Greek: Eukleides) (circa 365–275 BC) was a Greek mathematician, now known as the father of geometry. His most famous work is Elements, widely considered to be historys most successful textbook. ... Geometry (from the Greek words Ge = earth and metro = measure) is the branch of mathematics first introduced by Theaetetus dealing with spatial relationships. ... In the Roman Republic, the Pontifex Maximus was the head of the Roman religion. ... Pope John Paul II has reigned since 22 Oct 1978. ... Roman Emperor is the title historians use to refer to the ruler of the Roman Empire. ... Ancient Roman religion was a combination of several different practices and sets of beliefs. ... Posse Comitatus can refer to: In common law, Posse Comitatus refers to a means of law enforcement in unusual circumstances. ... A medical prescription (℞) is a written order by a medical doctor to a pharmacist for a treatment to be provided to the doctors patient. ... An ex post facto law (Latin for from a thing done afterward), also known as a retrospective law, is a law that is retroactive, i. ... Post hoc ergo propter hoc is Latin for after this, therefore because of this. ... A logical fallacy is an error in logical argument which is independent of the truth of the premises. ... Prima facie is a Latin expression meaning at first sight, used in Common law regions to denote a case that is strong enough to justify further discovery and possibly a full trial. ... Evidence is: Any observable event which tends to prove or disprove a proposition, see scientific method and reality. ... A trial is, in the most general sense, a test, usually a test to see whether something does or does not meet a given standard. ... Primum non nocere is a Latin phrase that means First, do no harm. ... Hippocrates: a conventionalized image in a Roman portrait bust (19th century engraving) Hippocrates of Cos (c. ... First among equals is a phrase which indicates that a person is the most senior of a group of people sharing the same rank or office. ... Roman Emperor is the title historians use to refer to the ruler of the Roman Empire. ... Pro bono, is a Latin phrase meaning for the good, it is sometimes stated as pro bono publico, for the good of the public. ... For information on the type of fish called Lawyer, see the article on Burbot. ... Many companies report pro forma earnings, in addition to normal earnings calculated under the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), in their quarterly and yearly financial reports. ... This is a list of legal terms, often from Latin: A mensa et thoro A mensa et thoro, from bed and board. ... A medical prescription (℞) is a written order by a medical doctor to a pharmacist for a treatment to be provided to the doctors patient. ... For other people named Horace, see Horace (disambiguation). ...

Q

Quære
"(You might) ask..." — used to introduce questions, usually rhetorical or tangential questions.
Qualis artifex pereo!
"What a great artist dies with me!" — attributed to Nero by Suetonius.
Qua patet orbis
"As far as the world extends" — motto of the Royal Netherlands Marine Corps
Quaque die (qd)
"Every day" (medical shorthand)
Quaque hora (qh)
"Every hour" (medical shorthand)
Quarter in die (qid)
"Four times a day" (medical shorthand)
Qui tacet consentire videtur
"Silence gives consent." — sometimes accompanied by the proviso "ubi loqui debuit (ac potuit)", that is, "when he ought to have spoken (and could do so)".
Quid novi ex Africa?
"What's new out of Africa?" — derived from an Aristotle quote.
Quid pro quo
"A thing for a thing" — i.e. a favor for a favor.
Quidnunc? or Quid nunc?
"What now?" — as a noun, a quidnunc is a busybody or a gossip.
Quis custodiet ipsos custodes?
"Who watches the watchers?"
Quo vadis
"Where are you going?" — according to Christian legend, asked by St. Peter meeting Jesus on the Appian way in Rome.
Quod vide (q.v.)
"Which see" — used after a term or phrase that should be looked up elsewhere in the current document or book.
Quae vide (qq.v.)
"Which things see" — plural of "quod vide".
Quod erat demonstrandum (Q.E.D.)
"That which was to be demonstrated" — often written (abbreviated) at the bottom of a mathematical proof.
Quo errat demonstrator
"Where the prover errs" — a pun on Quod erat demonstrandum.
Quo usque tandem?
"For how much longer?" — from Cicero's speech to the Roman senate regarding the conspiracy of Catiline: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? i.e. "For how much longer, Catilina, will you abuse our patience?".

This article deals with the Roman emperor Nero. ... Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus (75-160), commonly known simply as Suetonius, was a Roman writer. ... A medical prescription (℞) is a written order by a medical doctor to a pharmacist for a treatment to be provided to the doctors patient. ... A medical prescription (℞) is a written order by a medical doctor to a pharmacist for a treatment to be provided to the doctors patient. ... A medical prescription (℞) is a written order by a medical doctor to a pharmacist for a treatment to be provided to the doctors patient. ... Aristotle (sculpture) Aristotle ( Greek: Αριστοτέλης Aristotelēs) ( 384 BC – March 7, 322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher. ... Quid pro quo (Latin for what for what or something for something) is used to mean a favour for a favour. ... Quo vadis is a Latin phrase meaning Where do you go? or Who goes there?. It is used as proverbial phrase from the Bible (John 16:5). ... Christianity is an Abrahamic religion based on the life, teachings, death by crucifixion, and resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth as described in the New Testament. ... According to tradition, Peter was crucified upside-down, as shown in this painting by Caravaggio. ... This article is about the figure known by both Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ. For other usages, see Jesus (disambiguation). ... Remains of the Appian Way in Rome, Italy The Appian Way (Latin: Via Appia) is a famous road built by the Romans. ... The Roman Colosseum Rome (Italian and Latin Roma) is the capital city of Italy, and of its Lazio region. ... For other meanings of the abbreviation QED, see QED. Q. E. D. is an abbreviation of the Latin phrase quod erat demonstrandum (literally, that which was to be demonstrated). This is a translation of the Greek oper edei deixai which was used by many early mathematicians including Euclid and Archimedes. ... For other uses see Cicero (disambiguation) Marcus Tullius Cicero (January 3, 106 BC - December 7, 43 BC) was an orator and statesman of Ancient Rome, and is generally considered the greatest Latin prose stylist. ... The Roman Senate (Lat. ... Catiline (Lucius Sergius Catilina) (108 BC-62 BC) was a Roman politician of the 1st century BC who is best known for the Catiline (or Catilinarian) conspiracy, an attempt to overthrow the Roman Republic, and in particular the power of the aristocratic Senate. ...

R

Rara avis
"A rare bird" — i.e. an extraodinary or unusual thing (from Juvenal's Satires: rara avis in terris, nigroque simillima cygno, "a rare bird on the earth, and very like a black swan").
Ratio legis
"Legal foundation."
Reductio ad absurdum
"Reduction to absurdity" — a technique of argument that proves the thesis by showing that its opposite is absurd or logically untenable. This is an oft-used method of proof in mathematics and philosophy.
Regnat populus
"The People rule."
Repetitio est mater studiorum
"Repetition is the mother of study"
Requiescat in pace (R.I.P.)
"May he rest in peace" — a benediction for the dead. Often inscribed on tombstones or other grave markers.
Res ipsa loquitur
"The thing speaks for itself" — a phrase from the common law of torts that means negligence can be inferred from the fact that such an accident happened, without proof of exactly how.
Res ipsa loquitur, sed quid in infernos dicit?
"The thing speaks for itself, but what the hell does it say?" — a sarcastic pseudo-Latin commentary on res ipsa loquitur, reminding the listener that we must still interpret the significance of events that "speak for themselves."
Res iudicata
Literally, "Judged thing" — i.e. matter which has been decided by a court. Commonly, the legal concept that once a matter has been finally decided by the courts it cannot be litigated again. See also Double jeopardy
Res nullius
"Nobody's thing" — i.e. goods without owner.
Romani ite domum
"Romans go home" — as written one hundred times over the palace walls by Brian of Nazareth. See Monty Python's "Life of Brian"
Rosa rubicundior, lilio candidior, omnibus formosior, semper in te glorior
"Redder than the rose, whiter than the lilies, fairer than everything, I will always glory in thee."

Juvenal (Decimus Iunius Iuvenalis) was a Roman satiric poet of the 1st century AD. Very little is known about his life, the ancient biographies being generally fictitious. ... Reductio ad absurdum (Latin for reduction to the absurd, traceable back to the Greek ἡ εις το αδυνατον απαγωγη, reduction to the impossible, often used by Aristotle) is a type of logical argument where we assume a claim for the sake of argument, arrive at an absurd result, and then... From the Latin, meaning literally, the thing speaks for itself, the doctrine of res ipsa loquitur is applied to claims which, as a matter of law, do not have to be explained beyond the obvious facts. ... This article concerns the common-law legal system, as contrasted with the civil law legal system; for other meanings of the term, within the field of law, see common law (disambiguation). ... In the common law, a tort is a civil wrong for which the law provides a remedy. ... The term Double Jeopardy can be used to mean: double jeopardy, a legal term. ... This is about the Middle East city of Nazareth. ... The Monty Python troupe in 1970. ... Life of Brian is a film from 1979 by Monty Python which deals with the life of Brian (played by Graham Chapman), a young man born at the nearly the same time as, and in a manger right down the street from Jesus. ...

S

Saltus in demonstrando
"Leap in demonstration."
Salva veritate
"With truth preserved," or "saved by the truth."
Salvator Mundi
"The Saviour of the World" - usually refers to Christ, and is the title of paintings by Albrecht Durer and Leonardo da Vinci
Salvo errore et omissione (s.e.e.o.)
"Except for errors and omissions" — appears on statements of "account currents".
Salvo honoris titulo (SHT)
"Excluding the title" — used in writings to unfamiliar persons, as an excuse for not using the correct title.
Sancta sedes
"the Holy Chair" — i.e. the Papacy or the Holy See.
Sapere aude
"Dare to be wise" — motto of the Manchester Grammar School and other institutions; originally from Horace, Epistle II; quoted by Immanuel Kant to define Enlightenment.
Sedes apostolica
"the Apostolic Chair" — i.e. the Papacy or the Holy See.
Sede vacante
"The seat (i.e. the Holy See) being vacant" — the interregnum between two popes.
Servus servorum Dei
"Servant of the servants of God" — a title for the Pope.
Semper fidelis
"Always faithful" — motto of the United States Marine Corps, often abbreviated Semper Fi.
Semper paratus
"Always prepared" — the motto of the United States Coast Guard.
Semper ubi sub ubi
"Always where under where" — a Latin translation joke. Nonsensical, but the English translation is a pun of "Always wear underwear"
Senatus Populusque Romanus (SPQR)
"The Senate and the People of Rome" — i.e. "The Aristocrats and the Commoners", the official name of the Roman Republic. "SPQR" was carried on battle standards by the Roman Legions.
Sesquipedalia verba
"Words a foot and a half long" — long and complicated words that are used without necessity.
Sic
"Thus", "just so" — states that the preceding quoted material appears exactly that way in the source, usually despite errors of spelling, grammar, usage, or fact.
Sic itur ad astra
"Thus to the stars" — that's how to achieve fame.
Sic passim
"thus in various places" — used when referencing books; see passim.
Sic semper tyrannis
"Thus always to tyrants." — state motto of Virginia.
Sic transit gloria mundi
"So passes the glory of the world" — meaning nothing on Earth lasts forever.
Sic vita est
"Such is life" — That's how life is.
Signetur (sig)
"Let it be labeled" (medical shorthand)
Signum Fidei
"Sign of our faith"
Sine anno (s.a.)
"Without year" — used in bibliographies to indicate that the date of publication of a document is unknown.
Sine die
"Without a (set) day" — originally from old common law texts, where it indicates that a final, dispositive order has been made in the case: there is nothing left for the court to do, so no date for further proceedings is set.
Sine ira et studio
"Without anger or bias" — impartially. From Tacitus, Annals 1.1
Sine loco (s.l.)
"Without place" — used in bibliographies to indicate that the place of publication of a document is unknown.
Sine nomine (s.n.)
"Without name" — used in bibliographies to indicate that the publisher of a document is unknown.
Sine qua non
"Without which not" — used to denote something that is an essential part of the whole.
Sine scientia ars nihil est
"Art without knowledge is nothing". A skill (ars) and knowledge (scientia) are tigthly intervowen and could not exist one without the other.
Sit venia verbo
"With apologies for the word" — i.e. "pardon my French."
Stante pede
"On standing foot" — immediately.
Stare decisis
"To stand by things decided" — uphold previous rulings, recognize precedence
Statim (stat)
"Immediately" (medical shorthand)
Status quo (ante)
"The state that was (before)" — the status of affairs or situation prior to some upsetting event.
Stet
"Let it stand" — marginal mark in proofreading to indicate that something previously deleted or marked for deletion should be retained.
Stricto sensu
"In the strict sense."
Stupor mundi
"Wonder of the world", the title by which Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, was known.
Sua sponte
"Of own accord." — motto of the U.S. Army Rangers. Also a legal term
Sub Cruce Lumen
"Under the Cross is the Light." — motto of the University of Adelaide, Australia.
Sub iudice or sub judice
"Under a judge" — said of a case that cannot be publicly discussed until it is finished.
Sub poena duces tecum
"Bring with you under penalty" — legal writ requiring appearance with documents, etc..
Sub poena (subpoena)
"Under penalty" — of a request (usually by a court) that must be complied to on pain of punishment.
Sub rosa
"Under the rose" — secretly (a rose was placed above a door to indicate that what was said in the room beyond was not to be repeated outside).
Sub specie æternitatis
"From eternity's point of view." (Spinoza, Ethics)
Sui generis
Of its (own) kind — in a class of its own.
Sui juris
Of one's own right — capable of (legal) responsiblity; legal and ecclesiastical use.
Sum quod eris / Fui quod sis
"I am what you will be / I was what you are" — gravestone incriptions that remind the reader of the inevitability of death. Also see Tu fui, ego eris.
Summa cum laude
"With the highest honor."
Summum bonum
"The supreme good."
Summum malum
"The supreme evil."
Sunt lacrimae rerum
"There are tears to things." (Virgil, Aeneid)
Sunt omnes unum
"They are all one."

Christ, from the Greek Χριστός, or Khristós, means anointed, and is equivalent to the Hebrew term Messiah. ... Self-Portrait, 1493, Oil on Canvas Albrecht Dürer (May 21, 1471 - April 6, 1528) was a German painter, wood carver and engraver. ... Leonardo da Vinci Leonardo da Vinci (April 15, 1452 – May 2, 1519) was an Italian Renaissance architect, musician, anatomist, inventor, engineer, sculptor, geometer, and painter. ... Pope John Paul II has reigned since 22 Oct 1978. ... The coat of arms of the Holy See The term Holy See (Latin: Sancta Sedes, lit. ... Sapere aude is: Sapere aude is a phrase meaning Dare to know. ... The Manchester Grammar School (MGS) is an independent boys school (ages 11-18) in Manchester, England. ... For other people named Horace, see Horace (disambiguation). ... Immanuel Kant Immanuel Kant (April 22, 1724 – February 12, 1804) was a Prussian philosopher, generally regarded as one of Europes most influential thinkers and the last major philosopher of the Enlightenment. ... For the period in European history, The Age of Enlightenment For the corresponding movement in the European Jewish community, see Haskalah. ... Pope John Paul II has reigned since 22 Oct 1978. ... The coat of arms of the Holy See The term Holy See (Latin: Sancta Sedes, lit. ... In the Roman Catholic governance the vacant seat (in Latin, sede vacante) is the interregnum between a Popes death or resignation and the election of his successor. ... The coat of arms of the Holy See The term Holy See (Latin: Sancta Sedes, lit. ... An interregnum is a period between kings, or between popes of the Roman Catholic Church. ... Pope John Paul II has reigned since 22 Oct 1978. ... Pope John Paul II has reigned since 22 Oct 1978. ... Arms of Exeter, showing motto Semper Fidelis is a Latin motto translating to always faithful. It is the motto of: Plymouth Argyle, and the song is played as the team enters the pitch before the start of the game. ... United States Marine Corps Emblem The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is the second smallest of the five branches of the United States armed forces, with 170,000 active and 40,000 reserve Marines as of 2002. ... Coast Guard shield The United States Coast Guard is the coast guard of the United States. ... See also the SPQR series of murder mystery novels and the SPQR board game. ... The Roman Senate (Lat. ... See also Roman Republic (18th century) and Roman Republic (19th century). ... Legion can refer to: A Roman legion A Polish Legion A Foreign Legion Legion, a X-Men character. ... This page includes English translations of several Latin phrases and abbreviations such as . ... Sic semper tyrannis is a Latin phrase meaning Thus always to tyrants. It is the state motto of Virginia, recommended by George Mason to the Virginia Convention in 1776. ... State nickname: Old Dominion Other U.S. States Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Governor Mark R. Warner Official languages English Area 110,862 km² (35th)  - Land 102,642 km²  - Water 8,220 km² (7. ... A medical prescription (℞) is a written order by a medical doctor to a pharmacist for a treatment to be provided to the doctors patient. ... This article concerns the common-law legal system, as contrasted with the civil law legal system; for other meanings of the term, within the field of law, see common law (disambiguation). ... This article is about the historian Tacitus. ... The Annals, or, in Latin, Annales, is a history book by Tacitus covering the reign of the 4 Roman Emperors succeeding to Caesar Augustus. ... Sine qua non or conditio sine qua non is a Latin legal term for without which it could not be (but for). It refers to an indispensable action, condition or thing. ... Stare decisis is a Latin term (to stand by things decided) used in common law to express the notion that prior court decisions must be recognized as precedents, according to case law. ... A medical prescription (℞) is a written order by a medical doctor to a pharmacist for a treatment to be provided to the doctors patient. ... For the perennial British rock band, see Status Quo (band) Status quo is a Latin term meaning the present current, existing state of affairs. ... Status quo ante is a Latin term meaning, the state of things as it was before. ... Proofreading is reading a proof copy of text for the purpose of detecting errors. ... Frederick II (left) meets al-Kamil (right) Frederick II (December 26, 1194 - (December 13, 1250), Holy Roman Emperor of the Hohenstaufen dynasty, was pretender to the title of King of the Romans from 1212, unopposed holder of that monarchy from 1215, and Holy Roman Emperor from 1220 until his death... Official force name 75th Ranger Regiment Rangers Other names Airborne Rangers Army Rangers Task Force Ranger U.S. Army Rangers Branch U.S. Army Chain of Command USASOC Description Special Operations Force, rapidly deployable light infantry force. ... This is a list of legal terms, often from Latin: A mensa et thoro A mensa et thoro, from bed and board. ... Subpoena Duces Tecum (Latin for: bring with under penalty of punishment). ... A subpoena (pronounced suh-pee-nuh) is a writ commanding a person to appear under penalty (from Latin). ... Baruch Spinoza Benedictus de Spinoza ( November 24, 1632 – February 21, 1677), named Baruch Spinoza by his synagogue elders and known as Bento de Spinoza or Bento dEspiñoza in the community in which he grew up. ... Sui generis is a (post) Latin expression, literally meaning of its own gender/genus or unique in its characteristics. ... Sui iuris is a Latin phrase that literally means “of one’s own right”. It is usually spelled sui juris in civil law, which uses the phrase to indicate legal competence, the capacity to manage one’s own affairs (Blacks Law Dictionary, Oxford English Dictionary). ... Headstones in the Japanese Cemetry in Broome, Western Australia A cemetery in rural Spain A typical late 20th century headstone in the United States A headstone, tombstone or gravestone is a marker, normally carved from stone, placed over or next to the site of a burial. ... For other uses see Virgil (disambiguation). ... The Aeneid is a Latin epic written by Virgil in the 1st century BC that tells the legendary story of Aeneas, a Trojan who traveled to Italy where he became the ancestor of the Romans. ...

T

Tabula rasa
"Scraped tablet" — i.e. "a blank slate". Romans used to write on wax-covered wooden tablets, which were erased by scraping with the flat end of the stylus. John Locke used the term to describe the human mind at birth before it had acquired any knowledge.
Tabula gratulatoria
"List of congratulations."
Talis qualis
"As such"
Taliter qualiter
"Somewhat"
Tempora Heroica
"The Heroic Age."
Tempus fugit
"Time flies."
Ter in die (tid)
"Thrice a day" (medical shorthand)
Terminus ante quem
"Date before which" — in archaelogy or history refers to the date before which an artifact or feature must have been deposited.
Terminus post quem
"Date after which" — in archaelogy or history refers to the date after which an artifact or feature must have been deposited.
Terra firma
"Solid ground."
Terra incognita
"Unknown land."
Terra nullius
"Empty land."
Tertium non datur
"No third is given" — logical axiom that a claim is either true or false, with no third option.
Translatio imperii
"Transfer of rule" — belief in the transfer of the Empire from the Roman Empire of antiquity to the medieval Holy Roman Empire.
Treuga Dei
"Truce of God" — a decree by the medieval Church that all feuds should be cancelled during the Sabbath (effectively from Wednesday or Thursday night until Monday).
Tu autem
"You, also" — see memento mori.
Tu fui, ego eris
"I was you, you will be me" — i.e. "What you are, I was; what I am, you will be."; a gravestone inscription to remind the reader that death is unavoidable.
Tu quoque fili
"You too, son" — attributed to Julius Caesar; see Et tu, Brute.

For the episode of Buffy the Vampire Slayer, see Tabula Rasa (Buffy episode) In music, Tabula Rasa is the title of many compositions, including one by Arvo Pärt, and an album by Einstürzende Neubauten. ... Wax has traditionally referred to a substance that is secreted by bees (beeswax) and used by them in constructing their honeycombs. ... For other meanings please see Tablet (disambiguation) Common disk-shaped pills A pharmacological tablet is a medicinal or other active substance mixed with binder powders and pressed into a tablet form. ... This article is in need of attention. ... For other people by this name see John Locke (disambiguation) John Locke John Locke (August 29, 1632 — October 28, 1704) was a 17th century philosopher concerned primarily with society and epistemology. ... The mind is the term most commonly used to describe the higher functions of the human brain, particularly those of which humans are subjectively conscious, such as personality, thought, reason, memory, intelligence and emotion. ... Tempora Heroica is a free-to-play, text-based, fantasy roleplaying game, commonly known as a MUD or an online virtual community. ... A medical prescription (℞) is a written order by a medical doctor to a pharmacist for a treatment to be provided to the doctors patient. ... Terra incognita is a term used in exploration for unknown territory that has not been mapped or documented. ... Terra nullius is a Latin expression meaning empty land or no mans land. The term refers to a 17th century doctrine that described land that was unclaimed by a sovereign recognised by European authorities and land that was not owned at all. ... The term translatio imperii, Latin for transfer of rule, typically refers to the passing of the crown of the emperor to the Holy Roman Empire when, on December 25, 800, Charlemagne, king of the Franks, and then on February 2, 962, Otto I the Great, king of the East Franks... The Roman Empire is not the Holy Roman Empire (843-1806). ... The Holy Roman Empire ( German: Heiliges Römisches Reich) ( Italian: Sacro Romano Impero) ( Latin: Sacrum Romanum Imperium) ( Czech: Svatá říše římská) ( French: Saint Empire Romain Germanique) ( Polish: Święte Cesarstwo Rzymskie Narodu Niemieckiego) ( Dutch: Heilige Roomse Rijk) was a political conglomeration of lands in Central Europe in the Middle Ages and the... The Peace and Truce of God was a medieval European movement of the Roman Catholic Church which applied spiritual sanctions in order to control and stop the violence of feudal society. ... This page includes English translations of several Latin phrases and abbreviations such as . ... Headstones in the Japanese Cemetry in Broome, Western Australia A cemetery in rural Spain A typical late 20th century headstone in the United States A headstone, tombstone or gravestone is a marker, normally carved from stone, placed over or next to the site of a burial. ... This article is about Julius Caesar the Roman dictator. ... This page includes English translations of several Latin phrases and abbreviations such as . ...

U

Ubi re vera ... or ubi revera ...
"Where(as), in reality ..."
Ubi solitudinem faciunt, pacem appellant
"Where they make a wasteland, they call it peace" — Tacitus, Agricola, ch. 30.
ult.
abbreviation for ultimo. Formerly used in formal correspondence to refer to the previous month. Compare with inst. and prox.
Ultima ratio
"Last argument" — the last resort. Louis XIV, King of France, had Ultima Ratio Regum ("The last resort of kings") engraved on the cannons of his armies.
Ultra vires
"Without authority"
Unus multorum
"One of many" — an average person.
Urbi et Orbi
"To the city (of Rome) and to the globe" — standard opening of Roman proclamations; also a traditional blessing by the Pope.
Ut biberent, quando (or quoniam) esse nollent
"So that they might drink, since they refused to eat" — from a story by Suetonius (Vit. Tib. 2.2) and Cicero (De Natura Deorum, 2.3). The phrase was said by Roman admiral Publius Claudius Pulcher, right before the battle of Drepana, as he threw overboard the sacred chickens which had refused to eat the grain offered them — an unwelcome omen of bad luck. So the sense is "if they do not perform as expected, they must suffer the consequences".
Ut infra
"As below."
Ut retro
"As backwards" or "as on the back side" — i.e. "as above" or "as on the previous page".
Ut supra
"As above."

This article is about the historian Tacitus. ... Louis XIV King of France and Navarre By Hyacinthe Rigaud (1701) Louis XIV (Louis-Dieudonné) (September 5, 1638–September 1, 1715) reigned as King of France and King of Navarre from May 14, 1643 until his death. ... Urbi et Orbi, literally to the City (of Rome) and to the World, was a standard opening of Roman proclamations. ... The Roman Colosseum Rome (Italian and Latin Roma) is the capital city of Italy, and of its Lazio region. ... Pope John Paul II has reigned since 22 Oct 1978. ... Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus (75-160), commonly known simply as Suetonius, was a Roman writer. ... For other uses see Cicero (disambiguation) Marcus Tullius Cicero (January 3, 106 BC - December 7, 43 BC) was an orator and statesman of Ancient Rome, and is generally considered the greatest Latin prose stylist. ... Publius Claudius Pulcher (of the Claudii family) was a Roman general. ... Battle of Drepana Conflict First Punic War Date 249 BC Place Offshore Drepana, in Sicily Result Carthaginian victory The battle of Drepana or Drepanum (offshore modern Trapani, western coast of Sicily, 249 BC) was the a naval battle between the fleets of Carthage and the Roman Republic, fought during the...

V

Vade mecum
"Go with me" — a vade-mecum or vademecum is an item one carries around, especially a handbook.
Vade retro!
"Go back!" — i.e. "step back!", "begone!" Publius Terent, Formio I, 4, 203.
Vade retro Satana!
"Go back, Satan!" or "Go back, Lucifer!"— implied meaning "go away, do not dare to tempt me!". From a popular Medieval Catholic exorcism formula, apparently based on a rebuke by Jesus to Peter in the Vulgate, Mark 8:33: vade retro me, Satana. ("step back from me, Satan!").
Vanitas vanitatum, omnia vanitas
"Vanity, vanity, all is vanity" (Bible, Ecclesiastes, 1:2)
Vaticinium ex eventu
"Prophecy from the event" - prophecy made to look as written before the events it describes, while in fact being written afterwards.
Veni, vidi, vici
"I came, I saw, I conquered" — the full text of a message sent by Julius Caesar to the Roman Senate, to describe his battle against King Pharnakles of Pontus near Zela in 47 BC.
Vera causa
"The true cause (of)"
Verba ita sunt intelligenda, ut res magis valeat quam pereat
Legal phrase meaning "Words are to be so understood that the subject-matter may be preserved rather than destroyed."
Verbatim et litteratim
"Word by word and letter by letter."
Verbi divini minister
"Servant of the word of God" — i.e. a priest.
Versus (vs.)
"Against" — as in "Good versus Evil."
Veto
"I forbid" — a right to unilaterally stop a certain piece of legislation.
Via
"By way (of)." — "I will contact you via e-mail"
Via media
"Middle path" — the Church of England was said to be a via media between the errors of Roman Catholicism and the extremes of Protestantism.
Vice versa
"With places exchanged" — i.e. "in reverse order", "conversely".
Victoria aut mori! (Victoria aut mors)
"Victory or Death!"
Vide infra (v.i.)
"See below."
Vide supra (v.s.)
"See above."
Videre licet (videlicet, viz.)
"one may see" — used to introduce examples or a listing of something just named.
Vis legis
"Force of the law"
Visio dei
"God's vision."
Vita ante acta
"Life lived before" — i.e. a previous life
Vivat, crescat, floreat!
"May he/she/it live, grow, and flourish!"
Vivat Regina!
"Long live the Queen!"
Vivat Rex!
"Long live the King!"
Votum separatum
An independent, minority voice
Vox clamantis in deserto
"The voice of one shouting in the desert" — thus "unheeded", "in vain."

Vademecum/Vade mecum is a small handbook (particularly a medical handbook but sometimes a religious one) intended to be carried by the owner at all times as a ready reference and memory jogger. ... Publius Terentius Afer, better known as Terence, was a comic playwright of the Roman Republic. ... Exorcism is the practice of evicting or destroying demons or other evil spiritual entities which are supposed to have possessed (taken control of) a person, a building, etc. ... This article is about the figure known by both Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ. For other usages, see Jesus (disambiguation). ... According to tradition, Peter was crucified upside-down, as shown in this painting by Caravaggio. ... The Vulgate Bible is an early 5th century translation of the Bible into Latin made by St. ... The Gospel of Mark is the second in the most usual sequence of printing of the New Testament Gospels. ... The Bible (From Greek βιβλιος biblios, meaning book, which in turn is derived from βυβλος—byblos meaning papyrus, from the ancient Phoenician city of Byblos which exported papyrus) is a word applied to sacred scriptures. ... Ecclesiastes, Kohelet in Hebrew, is a book of the Hebrew Bible, known to Jews as the Tanakh and to Christians as the Old Testament. ... Vaticinium ex eventu (Prophecy from the event) is a technical theological or historiographical term referring to a prophecy written after the author already had information about the events he was foretelling. The text is written so as to appear that the prophecy had taken place before the event. ... Veni, vidi, vici is a famous Latin phrase. ... This article is about Julius Caesar the Roman dictator. ... The Roman Senate (Lat. ... For Pontus the Greek god, see Pontus (mythology) Pontus was a name applied in ancient times to extensive tracts of country in the northeast of Asia Minor (modern Turkey) bordering on the Euxine (Black Sea), which was often called simply Pontos (the Main), by the Greeks. ... Zela is a titular see of Asia Minor, suffragan of Amasea in the Helenopontus. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC - 40s BC - 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC 0s BC 0s Years: 52 BC 51 BC 50 BC 49 BC 48 BC 47 BC 46 BC 45 BC 44 BC... The word veto comes from Latin and literally means I forbid. ... Legislation refers 1. ... The Church of England is the officially established Christian church in England and acts as the mother and senior branch of the worldwide Anglican Communion as well as a founding member of the Porvoo Communion. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ...

See also

Latin - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... A List of Latin proverbs is provided at Wikiquote:Latin proverbs. ... List of Greek Phrases/Proverbs Α / A Αγεωμετρητος μηδεις εισιτω Ageômetriêtos mêdeis eisitô. ... A Brocard is a juridical principle usually expressed in Latin (and often derived from juridical works of the past), traditionally used to concisely express a wider legal concept or rule. ... A list of French proverbs can be found at Wikiquote:French proverbs. ... Below is a list of German expressions used in English. ... Here are some examples of French words and phrases used by English speakers. ... Here are some words or phrases from the Spanish that are sometimes used in English. ...

External links

  • John Bouvier's Law Dictionary (http://www.constitution.org/bouv/bouvier.htm) (1856)
  • Latin phrases and mottoes (http://latin-phrases.co.uk/) - Sorted alphabetically and by subject.
  • Merriam-Webster Online (http://www.webster.com)

 
 

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