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Encyclopedia > Executive editor

Editor has four major senses:

  • Print media There are various levels of editorial positions in publishing. Typically one finds junior editorial assistants reporting to senior level editorial managers and directors, who themselves report to senior executive editors responsible for project development to final releases.
See related articles at Journalism
  • Visual media Editors in the visual mediums, who may be described as film editor or video editors, perform a variety of tasks. Assistant editors and production assistants perform preliminary screening and logging of motion picture footage; senior editors are responsible for creative placement of scenes and shots, structural placement of major elements and organization of the entire presentation. Other editors are involved with assembly of the final product and preparation for distribution.
See related articles at film editor, video editor
  • Sound media Motion pictures have many sound editors, this team works with various aspects of picture or program's sound design. These editors construct tracks consisting of assembled pre-recorded dialogue, the audio mixing in of sound effects, foley and music to achieve the desired effect for the motion pictures and television programs.
See related articles at sound recording, sound effects, DAW
  • Computer editor is a program used to make changes to files of a particular type. There are computer editing systems for visual and sound mediums as well as still images. Other types of editors are more technical and edit computer code in various ways needed by programmers and technicians.
See related articles at word processor, Avid, electronic journalism

Contents

Journalism is a discipline of collecting, verifying, analyzing and presenting information gathered regarding current events, including trends, issues and people. ... A film editor is a person who practices film editing by splicing separate takes into a coherent film. ... A film editor is a person who practices film editing by splicing separate takes into a coherent film. ... The term video editing can mean more than one thing -- see: non-linear editing system, using computers electronic video editing, using videotape This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Sound design is a technical/conceptually creative field. ... The foley artist on a film crew is the person who creates and records many of the sound effects. ... Methods and media for sound recording are varied and have undergone significant changes between the first time sound was actually recorded for later playback until now. ... Sound effects or audio effects are artificially created or enhanced sounds, or sound processes used to emphasize artistic or other content of movies, video games, music, or other media. ... Overview A Digital Audio Workstation (DAW) is a system designed to record, edit, and play back digital audio. ... An editor is a software tool. ... A file in a computer system is a stream (sequence) of bits stored as a single unit, typically in a file system on disk or magnetic tape. ... A file format is a particular way to encode information for storage in a computer file. ... A word processor (also more formally known as a document preparation system) is a computer application used for the production (including composition, editing, formatting, and possibly printing) of any sort of viewable or printed material. ... Avid Technology, Inc, a publicly traded company since 1993, is registered on the NASDAQ under the symbol AVID. The company is involved with digital nonlinear media creation, management and distribution services. ... Electronic journalism, known as EJ or ENG for electronic news gathering is most associated with broadcast news where producers, reporters and editors make use of electronic recording devices for gathering and presenting information in telecasts and radio transmissions reaching the public. ...


Etymology

According to the Oxford English Dictionary, editor comes from the Latin phrase e ditus which means "to put forward". The editor ludorum in Ancient Rome was the person who put on the games. In French, editeur means "publisher". The word came into English from French. The verb to edit is a back formation from editor. The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is a comprehensive dictionary published by the Oxford University Press (OUP). ... Latin is the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that existed in Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East between 753 BC and its downfall in AD 476. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... In etymology, the process of back-formation is the creation of a neologism by reinterpreting an earlier word as a compound and removing the spuriously supposed affixes. ...


Print Media

Human editors in the print publishing industry include people who are responsible for: This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...

  • newspapers and wire services; see below.
  • organizing anthologies and other compilations.
  • organizing and publishing a magazine —. The top editor may be called editor-in-chief.
  • producing a definitive edition of a classic author's works — a scholarly editor.
  • organizing and managing contributions to a multi-author book — symposium editor or volume editor.
  • finding marketable ideas and presenting them to appropriate authors — a sponsoring editor.
  • obtaining copy or recruiting authors — such as the acquisitions editor or commissioning editor for a publishing house.
  • improving an author's writing so that they indeed say what they want to say, in an effective manner — a substantive editor. Depending on the writer's skill, this editing can sometimes turn into ghost writing. Substantive editing is seldom a title. Many types of editors do this type of work, either in-house at a publisher or on an independent basis.
  • correcting spelling, grammar, and matters of house style — a copy editor. But copy editors at newspapers usually also have greater and higher responsibilities, which may include the design of pages and the selection of news stories for inclusion. At U.K. newspapers, the term is "sub-editor."
  • choosing the layout of the publication and communicating with the printer — a production editor. This and similar jobs are also called "layout editor," "design editor," "news designer," or -- more so in the past -- "makeup editor."

The smaller the publication, the more these roles run together. In particular, the substantive editor and copy editor often overlap: In journalism, news agencies are bodies established to supply news reports to newspapers, magazines, and radio and television broadcasters. ... A collection of magazines A magazine is a periodical publication containing a variety of articles on various subjects. ... This article is about a ghostwriter, the type of writer. ... Spelling is the writing of a word or words with all necessary letters and diacritics present in the correct order. ... Grammar is the study of the rules governing the use of a language. ... A publishing companys or periodicals house style is the collection of conventions in its manual of style. ... Copy editing is the process of an editor making formatting changes and other improvements to text. ...

  • Fact-checking can be the responsibility of either.
  • Copy editors who find an inappropriate term or phrase will often suggest or make an improvement.

Executive editor

The top editor sometimes has the title executive editor or editor-in-chief (the former is replacing the latter in the language). This person is generally is responsible for the content of the publication. The exception is that newspapers that are large enough usually have a separate editor for the editorials and opinion pages.


The executive editor sets the publication standards for performance, and is responsible for assuring the highest standards of ethical conduct in the process of gathering and presenting information, as well as for motivating and developing the staff. The executive editor is also responsible for developing and maintaining the publication budget. In concert with the publisher and the operating committee, the executive editor is responsible for strategic and operational planning. A publisher is a person or entity which engages in the act of publishing. ...


Newspapers

Editors at newspapers supervise journalists and improve their work.


Newspaper editing encompasses a variety of titles and functions. These include:

  • copy editors; see above;
  • department editors;
  • managing editors and assistant or deputy managing editors (the managing editor is often second in line after the top editor);
  • news editors, who oversee the news desk;
  • photo or picture editors;
  • section editors and their assistants, such as for business, features, and sports;
  • top editors, who may be called editor in chief or executive editor;
  • readers' editors, sometimes known as the ombudsman, who arbitrate complaints;
  • wire editors, who choose and edit articles from various international wire services, and are usually part of the copy desk;
  • and administrative editors (who actually don't edit but perform duties such as recruiting and directing training).

The term city editor is used differently in North America, where it refers to the editor responsible for the news coverage of a newspaper's local circulation area (also sometimes called metro editor), and in the United Kingdom, where (normally with a capital C) it refers to the editor responsible for coverage of business in the City of London and, by extension, coverage of business and finance in general. Copy editing is the process of an editor making formatting changes and other improvements to text. ... Look up Ombudsman in Wiktionary, the free dictionary An ombudsman is an official, usually but not always appointed by the government, who is charged with representing the interests of the public by investigating and addressing complaints reported by individual citizens. ... This article is about a small section of central London. ...


External links

Professional associations:

Online resources:

Articles:

  • Black day for the blue pencil
    • an extensive article from The Guardian, August 6, 2005 by Blake Morrison suggesting that the art of literary editing is in decline and discussing the relationship between famous authors and their editors.

 
 

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