FACTOID # 10: The total number of state executions in 2005 was 60: 19 in Texas and 41 elsewhere. The racial split was 19 Black and 41 White.
 
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Encyclopedia > Executive branch
Executive

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the Politics series Politics is a process by which decisions are made within groups. ...

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The executive is the branch of a government charged with implementing, or executing, the law and running the day-to-day affairs of the government or state. The de facto most senior figure in an executive is referred to as the head of government. The executive may be referred to as the administration, in presidential systems, or simply as the government, in parliamentary systems. Under the doctrine of the separation of powers, the executive is the branch of a government charged with implementing, or executing, the law. ... Queen Elizabeth II, is the Head of State of 16 countries including: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Jamaica, New Zealand and the Bahamas, as well as crown colonies and overseas territories of the United Kingdom. ... This article or section may be confusing or unclear for some readers, and should be edited to rectify this. ... Look up monarch in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The head of government is the leader of the government or cabinet. ... Various governments have a Chancellor who serves as some form of junior or senior minister. ... A premier is an executive official of government. ... Sir Robert Walpole, the first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. ... The Taoiseach[1] (plural: Taoisigh) or, more formally, An Taoiseach, is the head of government of the Republic of Ireland and the leader of the Irish cabinet. ... A cabinet is a body of high-ranking members of government, typically representing the executive branch. ... A ministry is a department of a government, led by a minister. ... A minister or a secretary is a politician who holds significant public office in a national or regional government. ... Republics with presidential systems are shown in blue A presidential system, or a congressional system, is a system of government of a republic where the executive branch is elected separately from the legislative. ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies and the latter being republics A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in U.S. English), is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support... Cohabitation in government occurs in semi-presidential systems, such as Frances system, when the President and the Prime Minister come from different political parties. ... The Westminster system is a democratic system of government modelled after that of the United Kingdom system, as used in the Palace of Westminster, the location of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... This is a list of state leaders, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems; it should be noted that often a leader is both in presidential systems or dictatorships. ... This is a list of the offices of heads of state and heads of government, and cabinets, by country. ... A governor is a governing official, usually the executive (at least nominally, to different degrees also politically and administratively) of a non-sovereign level of government, ranking under the head of state; furthermore the title applies to officials with a similar mandate as representatives of a chartered company which has... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger,greater) is in modern times the title of the highest ranking municipal officer, who discharges certain judicial and administrative functions, in many systems an elected politician, who serves as chief executive and/or ceremonial official of many types of municipalities. ... The stela of King Hammurabi depicts the god Shamash revealing a code of laws to the king. ... A state is an organized political community, occupying a territory, and possessing internal and external sovereignty, that enforces a monopoly on the use of force. ... De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without... The head of government is the leader of the government or cabinet. ... Republics with presidential systems are shown in blue A presidential system, or a congressional system, is a system of government of a republic where the executive branch is elected separately from the legislative. ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies and the latter being republics A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in U.S. English), is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support...


In some constitutional monarchies, such as the United Kingdom, the monarch, who is the Head of State, is the de jure and theoretical head of the executive, and the Prime Minister, whom he or she technically appoints, is the head of the monarch's government (i.e. "Her Majesty's Government"). In practice, however, a symbolic or figurehead Head of State does not actively exercise executive power, though decisions may be formally made in his or her name. A constitutional monarchy is a form of government established under a constitutional system which acknowledges a hereditary or elected monarch as head of state. ... Queen Elizabeth II, is the Head of State of 16 countries including: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Jamaica, New Zealand and the Bahamas, as well as crown colonies and overseas territories of the United Kingdom. ... Look up De jure in Wiktionary, the free dictionary The terms de jure and de facto are used instead of in principle and in practice, respectively, when one is describing political situations. ... Her Majestys Government (or His Majestys Government) (HMG) is the formal mode of address given to a government in a kingdom where executive authority is vested in the monarch and exercised in theory on his or her behalf by his/her government, hence the term. ... In politics, a figurehead, by metaphor with the carved figurehead at the prow of a sailing ship, is a person who holds an important title or office yet executes little actual power. ...


Along with the Prime Minister or executive President, the executive branch consists of the cabinet and the executive departments or ministries of the government. Sir Robert Walpole, the first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. ... This article or section may be confusing or unclear for some readers, and should be edited to rectify this. ... A cabinet is a body of high-ranking members of government, typically representing the executive branch. ... A ministry is a department of a government, led by a minister. ...

Contents


Executives under different systems

Executives differ in character when they operate under a separation of powers, as in the American system. The separation of powers (or trias politica, a term coined by French political thinker Montesquieu) is a model for the governance of the state. ...


Executive authority within a presidential system is exercised by a president who is also head of state. The president will not usually be designated by the legislature, and may instead be elected directly, or in the case of the President of the United States, indirectly, by an electoral college. Under presidential systems the legislature and the executive are formally distinct, and it is usually expressly forbidden for the president and other executive officers to be members of the legislature. Republics with presidential systems are shown in blue A presidential system, or a congressional system, is a system of government of a republic where the executive branch is elected separately from the legislative. ... The presidential seal was used by President Hayes in 1880 and last modified in 1959 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii. ... An electoral college is a set of electors who are empowered as a deliberative body to elect someone to a particular office. ...


In parliamentary systems, the executive branch is generally comprised of a prime minister and a cabinet, who must directly or indirectly secure the support of the legislature. States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies and the latter being republics A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in U.S. English), is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support... Sir Robert Walpole, the first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. ... A cabinet is a body of high-ranking members of government, typically representing the executive branch. ...


In a semi-presidential system (such as France, for example) executive powers are shared between the president and a prime minister. States with semi-presidential systems are shown in yellow The semi-presidential system is a system of government that features both a prime minister and a president who are active participants in the day to day functioning of government. ...


Role of the executive

It is usually the role of the executive to:

Most constitutions require that certain executive powers may only be exercised in conjunction with the legislature. For example, often the consent of the legislature is required to ratify treaties, appoint important officials, or to declare war. In the United Kingdom, however, the executive is exempt from most such limitations under the royal prerogative. A ministry is a department of a government, led by a minister. ... Public services is a term usually used to mean services provided by government to its citizens, either directly (through the public sector) or by financing private provision of services. ... An agency is a department of a local or national government responsible for the oversight and administration of a specific function, such as a customs agency or a space agency. ... An executive order is an edict issued by a member of the executive branch of a government, usually the head of that branch. ... Delegated legislation (sometimes referred to as secondary legislation or subordinate legislation) is law made by ministers under powers given to them by parliamentary acts (primary legislation) in order to implement and administer the requirements of the acts. ... Ordinance can mean: A law made by a non-sovereign body such as a city council or a colony. ... An edict is an announcement of a law, often associated with monarchism. ... Decree is an order that has the force of law. ... A legislature is a governmental deliberative assembly with the power to adopt laws. ... A treaty is a binding agreement under international law concluded by subjects of international law, namely states and international organizations. ... The Royal Prerogative is a body of customary authority, privilege, and immunity, recognised in common law jurisdictions possessing a monarchy as belonging to the Crown alone. ...


See also

Politics is the process and method of gaining or maintaining support for public or common action: the conduct of decision-making for groups. ... Queen Elizabeth II, is the Head of State of 16 countries including: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Jamaica, New Zealand and the Bahamas, as well as crown colonies and overseas territories of the United Kingdom. ... The head of government is the leader of the government or cabinet. ... The separation of powers (or trias politica, a term coined by French political thinker Montesquieu) is a model for the governance of the state. ... A legislature is a governmental deliberative assembly with the power to adopt laws. ... In law, the judiciary or judicature is the system of courts which administer justice and provide a mechanism for the resolution of disputes. ...

Sources

  • Biographical Directory of the United States Executive Branch, 1774-1989., Robert Sobel and David B. Sicilia, Editors. (Updated 2003)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Our Executive Branch Holdings (135 words)
Many historical documents that we preserve and serve to the public were created by various components of the Executive branch of the United States Federal Government, including:
We also hold records created or used by the Legislative and the Judicial branches.
The documents of the three branches are official records evidencing the activities and services of the United States Federal Government.
Ben's Guide (6-8): Branches of Government -- Executive Branch (314 words)
When the delegates to the Constitutional Convention created the executive branch of government, they gave the president a limited term of office to lead the government.
The executive branch of Government enforces the laws of the land.
Executive branch agencies are granted the power to implement regulations relating to matters within their jurisdiction.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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