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Encyclopedia > Exchange transfusion

An exchange transfusion is a medical treatment in which apheresis is used to remove one person's red blood cells or platelets and replace them with transfused blood products. Exchange transfusion is used in the treatment of a number of diseases, including: A medical guideline (also called a clinical guideline, clinical protocol or clinical practice guideline) is a document with the aim of guiding decisions and criteria in specific areas of healthcare, as defined by an authoritative examination of current evidence (evidence-based medicine). ... Whole blood enters the centrifuge on the left and separates into layers so that selected components can be drawn off on the right. ... Human red blood cells Red blood cells are the most common type of blood cell and are the vertebrate bodys principal means of delivering oxygen from the lungs or gills to body tissues via the blood. ... A 250 ml bag of newly collected platelets. ... Blood transfusion is the taking of blood or blood-based products from one individual and inserting them into the circulatory system of another. ... A disease is an abnormal condition of the body or mind that causes discomfort, dysfunction, or distress to the person afflicted or those in contact with the person. ...

... Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP or Moschcowitz disease) is a rare disorder of the blood coagulation system that in most cases arises from the deficiency or inhibition of the enzyme responsible for cleaving von Willebrand factor. ... Hemolytic disease of the newborn, (also known as HDN) is an alloimmune condition that develops in a fetus when IgG antibodies produced by the mother pass through the placenta and attack the fetuss red blood cells in the fetal circulation. ...

See also

Transfusion medicine - edit
Apheresis  (Plasmapheresis — Plateletpheresis — Leukapheresis) | Blood transfusion | Coombs test | Cross-matching | Exchange transfusion  International Society of Blood Transfusion | Intraoperative blood salvage | ISBT 128 | Transfusion reactions
Human blood group systems - Blood type
ABO | Colton | Duffy | Hh | Kell | Kidd | Kx | Rhesus |Yt
Blood products
Blood | Blood donation | Blood substitutes | Cryoprecipitate | Platelets | Plasma | Red blood cells



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