An exchange transfusion is a medical treatment in which apheresis is used to remove one person's red blood cells or platelets and replace them with transfused blood products. Exchange transfusion is used in the treatment of a number of diseases, including: A medical guideline (also called a clinical guideline, clinical protocol or clinical practice guideline) is a document with the aim of guiding decisions and criteria in specific areas of healthcare, as defined by an authoritative examination of current evidence (evidence-based medicine). ... Whole blood enters the centrifuge on the left and separates into layers so that selected components can be drawn off on the right. ... Human red blood cells Red blood cells are the most common type of blood cell and are the vertebrate bodys principal means of delivering oxygen from the lungs or gills to body tissues via the blood. ... A 250 ml bag of newly collected platelets. ... Blood transfusion is the taking of blood or blood-based products from one individual and inserting them into the circulatory system of another. ... A disease is an abnormal condition of the body or mind that causes discomfort, dysfunction, or distress to the person afflicted or those in contact with the person. ...
... Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP or Moschcowitz disease) is a rare disorder of the blood coagulation system that in most cases arises from the deficiency or inhibition of the enzyme responsible for cleaving von Willebrand factor. ... Hemolytic disease of the newborn, (also known as HDN) is an alloimmune condition that develops in a fetus when IgG antibodies produced by the mother pass through the placenta and attack the fetuss red blood cells in the fetal circulation. ...
Categories: Medicine stubs | Medical treatments | Blood | Hematology | Transfusion medicine Plasmapheresis is the removal of (components of) blood plasma from the circulation. ... Transfusion medicine (or transfusiology) is the branch of medicine that is concerned with the transfusion of blood and blood components. ... Whole blood enters the centrifuge on the left and separates into layers so that selected components can be drawn off on the right. ... Plasmapheresis is the removal of (components of) blood plasma from the circulation. ... Plateletpheresis (also called thrombapheresis or thrombocytapheresis) is a special type of blood donation that only extracts platelets, the cells that cause blood clotting, from the blood. ... leukapheresis A laboratory procedure in which white blood cells are separated from a sample of blood. ... Blood transfusion is the taking of blood or blood-based products from one individual and inserting them into the circulatory system of another. ... Schematic showing the direct Coombs test and the indirect Coombs test. ... In medicine, Cross-matching refers to the process of performing blood tests to determine the similarity between two different blood types. ... The International Society of Blood Transfusion (ISBT) is a scientific society, founded in 1935, which aims to promote the study of blood transfusion, and to spread the know-how about the manner in which blood transfusion medicine and science best can serve the patients interests. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... ISBT 128 is system for identification, labeling and processing of human blood, tissue and organ products using an internationally standardised barcode system. ... Transfusion reactions occur after blood product transfusions when there is an interaction between the recipient and the donor blood. ... The International Society of Blood Transfusion (ISBT) currently recognises 29 major blood group systems (including the ABO and Rh systems). ... A total of 29 human blood group systems are recognized by the International Society of Blood Transfusion (ISBT). ... The ABO system is the most important blood type system in human blood transfusion. ... The Colton antigen system (Co) is present on the membranes of red blood cells and in the tubules of the kidney and helps determine a persons blood type. ... Discovery In 1950 the Duffy antigen was discovered in a multiply transfused hemophiliac in whose serum contained the first example of anti-Fya. ... Individuals with the rare Bombay phenotype (hh) do not express substance H (the antigen that defines blood group O) on their red blood cells, and therefore do not agglutinate (bind with) A or B antigens of the ABO blood group system. ... The Kell antigen system (also known as Kell-Cellano system) is a group of antigens on the human red blood cell surface which are important determinants of blood type and are targets for autoimmune or alloimmune diseases which destroy red blood cells. ... The Kidd antigen system (also known as Jk antigen) is present on the membranes of red blood cells and the kidney and helps determine a persons blood type. ... XK (also known as Kell blood group precursor) is a protein found on human red blood cells and other tissues which is responsible for the Kx antigen which helps determine a persons blood type. ... The term Rhesus system refers to all of the antigens of the Rhesus blood group system - the five main rhesus antigens (C,c,D,E and e) as well as many other less frequent antigens. ... The Yt antigen system (also known as Cartwright) is present on the membrane of red blood cells and helps determine a persons blood type. ... Human blood smear: a - erythrocytes; b - neutrophil; c - eosinophil; d - lymphocyte. ... Blood donation is a process by which a blood donor voluntarily has blood drawn for storage in a blood bank or for subsequent use in a blood transfusion. ... Blood substitutes are used to fill fluid volume and/or carry oxygen and other gases in the cardiovascular system. ... Cryoprecipitate is a blood product manufactured by warming frozen plasma. ... A 250 ml bag of newly collected platelets. ... Blood plasma is the liquid component of blood, in which the blood cells are suspended. ... Human red blood cells Red blood cells are the most common type of blood cell and are the vertebrate bodys principal means of delivering oxygen from the lungs or gills to body tissues via the blood. ...
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