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Encyclopedia > Excellency
Look up Excellence, Excellency, excellency in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Excellency is a honorific style given to certain members of an organization or state. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ... An honorific is a word or expression that conveys esteem or respect and is used in addressing or referring to a person. ... A style of office, or honorific, is a form of address which by tradition or law precedes a reference to a person who holds a title or post, or to the political office itself. ...

Contents

Generalities

It is sometimes misinterpreted as a title of office in itself, but in fact it is an honorific which goes with and is used before various such titles (such as Mr. President, and so on), both in speech and in writing. In reference to such an official, it takes the form "His/Her Excellency"; in direct address, "Your Excellency", or, less formally, simply "Excellency".


In many states, this form is used for:

President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, universities, and countries. ... Governor-General (or Governor General) is a term used both historically and currently to designate the appointed representative of a head of state or their government for a particular territory, historically in a colonial context, but no longer necessarily in that form. ... For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... Alternative meaning: Prime Minister (band) A prime minister is the leading member of the cabinet of the top level government in a parliamentary system of government of a country, alternatively A prime minister is an official in a presidential system or semi-presidential system whose duty is to execute the... For other uses, see Ambassador (disambiguation). ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated bishop heading a diocese of particular importance due to either its size, history, or both, called an archdiocese. ...

Statesmen and diplomacy

Commonwealth usage

The form "Excellency" has never been used to refer to, or address any monarch of any Commonwealth country where a sovereign is or was head of state. The mistaken belief that it can or should be used may arise from confusion due to errors of protocol in other countries or at the United Nations; however, in Commonwealth Realms, on documents such as Acts of Parliament, the monarch may be described as His or Her "Excellent Majesty." The Commonwealth of Nations as of 2006 Headquarters Marlborough House, London, UK Official languages English Membership 53 sovereign states Leaders  -  Queen Elizabeth II  -  Secretary-General Don McKinnon (since 1 April 2000) Establishment  -  Balfour Declaration 18 November 1926   -  Statute of Westminster 11 December 1931   -  London Declaration 28 April 1949  Area  -  Total... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... The Commonwealth Realms, shown in pink A Commonwealth Realm is any one of the sixteen sovereign states within the Commonwealth of Nations that recognise Elizabeth II as their respective monarch. ... An Act of Parliament or Act is law enacted by the parliament (see legislation). ...


The style "Excellency" is generally accorded to the current holders of the following offices:

Governor-General (or Governor General) is a term used both historically and currently to designate the appointed representative of a head of state or their government for a particular territory, historically in a colonial context, but no longer necessarily in that form. ... The Commonwealth Realms, shown in pink A Commonwealth Realm is any one of the sixteen sovereign states within the Commonwealth of Nations that recognise Elizabeth II as their respective monarch. ... For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, trade unions, universities, and countries. ... For other uses, see Ambassador (disambiguation). ... High Commissioner is the title of various high-ranking, special executive positions held by a commission of appointment. ... The Commonwealth Secretary-General is the head of the Commonwealth Secretariat, the central body which has served the Commonwealth of Nations since its establishment in 1965. ...

United States usage

In the United States, the form "Excellency" was specifically denied to the President, with "Mr. President" or "The Honorable ..." being the only legally accepted forms. However, in many foreign countries and in United Nations protocol the President of the United States is usually referred to as "His Excellency." Diplomatic correspondence to President Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War, as during the Trent Affair, for instance, frequently referred to him as "His Excellency." The prefix The Honourable or The Honorable ( or formerly The Honble) is a title of quality attached to the names of certain classes of persons. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... For other uses, see Abraham Lincoln (disambiguation). ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... James Murray Mason John Slidell The Trent Affair, also known as the Mason and Slidell Affair, was an international diplomatic incident that occurred during the American Civil War. ...


In the six states of New England, governors have retained the honorific "Excellency," following traditional British colonial practice, though it is rarely used. They are: Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Hampshire, Vermont, Maine. All of these states were among the original Thirteen Colonies, either as colonies in their own right, or (in the case of Vermont and Maine) as parts of other colonies. Three of the other original colonies, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, and Virginia, also use the form "Excellency" in referring to their governors. Although South Carolina legally provides for the Governor to be referred to as "Excellency", neither the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania or the Commonwealth of Virginia does. Nevertheless, "Excellency" is used frequently when introducing the Governor of Pennsylvania and the Governor of Virginia at formal events. This article is about the region in the United States of America. ... The Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts is the executive magistrate of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... List of Rhode Island Governors Nicholas Cooke None 1775-1778 William Greene None 1778-1786 John Collins None 1786-1790 Arthur Fenner Anti-Federalist 1790-1805 Henry Smith Unknown 1805-1806 Isaac Wilbur Unknown 1806-1807 James Fenner Dem. ... The following is a list of Governors of the State of Connecticut, from the Colonial period through present day. ... See also New Hampshire Province of New Hampshire List of Colonial Governors of New Hampshire I am a doodlebug Categories: Lists of United States governors | Governors of New Hampshire ... This is a list of Governors of Vermont: As an Independent Republic Thomas Chittenden (None) 1778-1789 Moses Robinson (None) 1789-1790 Thomas Chittenden (None) 1790-1791 As a State Categories: Lists of United States governors | Governors of Vermont ... This is a list of Governors of Maine since statehood in 1820. ... In 1775, the British claimed authority over the red and pink areas on this map and Spain ruled the orange. ... Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston(1670-1789) Columbia(1790-present) Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N  - Longitude... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston(1670-1789) Columbia(1790-present) Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N  - Longitude... State nickname: The Keystone State Other U.S. States Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Governor Ed Rendell Official languages None Area 119,283 km² (33rd)  - Land 116,074 km²  - Water 3,208 km² (2. ... State nickname: Old Dominion Other U.S. States Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Governor Mark R. Warner Official languages English Area 110,862 km² (35th)  - Land 102,642 km²  - Water 8,220 km² (7. ... List of Pennsylvania Governors The office of Pennsylvania governor was created by the states Constitution of 1790. ... Tim Kaine, the current Governor The Governor of Virginia serves as the chief executive of the Commonwealth of Virginia for a four-year term. ...


Though incorrect, other governors are sometimes addressed as "excellency" at public events, usually as a result of organizers analogizing the practice from states that still use the style.


Though ambassadors are traditionally accorded the title elsewhere (see below), the U.S. government does not use "excellency" for its diplomatic corps, preferring "the honorable" instead.


Other countries

In most republican nations, the president is formally called "His/Her Excellency" and the initials "HE" are often presented in front of their name in formal documents, however, the simpler form "Mr./Madam President" remains the most common means of address for day-to-day conversation. Look up republic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


If a republic has a prime minister, he or she is often addressed as "Excellency" as well. If the nation is a constitutional monarchy, however, rules vary. Many European monarchies do not specifically give this form of address to their prime ministers, while most of the monarchies of Asia do. A prime minister is the most senior minister of a cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ...


In the Philippines, the President is referred to as "His/Her Illustrious Excellency, the Right Honorable the President for the Republic of the Philippines" and is addressed as "Your Illustrious Excellency". Governors of Philippine Provinces are simply addressed as "Your Excellency" or "Excellency".


In Somaliland, the President, vice-president or senior officials and elders are named in Somali as mudane. It means His Excellency, elder or senior man. In some cases it can mean mister or sir. High ranking officials in Somaliland are given the word before their name. For other territories formerly called Somaliland, see Somaliland (disambiguation). ... Mister or mister can be:- The full spelling (rarely used) of the title Mr. ... Look up sir in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other territories formerly called Somaliland, see Somaliland (disambiguation). ...


International diplomacy

In various international organizations, notably the UN and its agencies, "Excellency" is used as a generic form of address for all heads of state and heads of government. It is often granted to the organization's head as well, and to those chiefs of UN diplomatic missions, such as Resident Coordinators (who are the designated representatives of the Secretary-General), who are accredited at the Head of State (like Ambassadors) - or the lower Head of Government level. An international organization is by definition any organization with international membership, scope or presence, however, in common usage, it is a term commonly reserved for intergovernmental organisations (IGO) such as the United Nations, the European Community or the World Trade Organization, with sovereign states or other IGOs as members. ... A head of state or chief of state is the chief public representative of a nation-state, federation or commonwealth, whose role generally includes personifying the continuity and legitimacy of the state and exercising the political powers, functions and duties granted to the head of state in the countrys... The head of government is the leader of the government or cabinet. ...


In recent years, some international organizations, such as the OSCE, or the European Union, have designated their Permanent Representatives in third countries as "Ambassadors", although they do not represent sovereign entities. This is now largely accepted, and because these "Ambassadors" rank after the UN representative in the orders of precedence of representatives of international organizations, the UN coming naturally first as pre-eminent, the UN Resident Coordinators are now also commonly but informally referred to in diplomatic circles as "Ambassadors", although the UN itself does not refer to them in this way. The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) is an international organization for security. ... A Permanent Representative is the head of a diplomatic mission to one of various international organisations. ...


Other uses

Aristocracy

In Spain and some other countries, high ranking noblemen titles of nobility (of Peerage rank in British terms), enjoy styling as "His/Her Excellency".


Other secular excellencies

Excellency can also be attached to an honorary quality, notably in an order of knighthood; e.g. in the empire of Brazil, it was attached to the highest classes, each time styled Grand cross, of all three imperial orders: Imperial Order of Dom Pedro I, Imperial Order of the Southern Cross (in this case, also enjoying the military honours of a Lieutenant general) and Order of the Rose. The Grand Cross of the Iron Cross was an award intended for senior Generals of the German Army and dated back to 1870. ... The Order of the Southern Cross was originally known as the Imperial Order of the Southern Cross and awarded to officers, NCOs and men of the Brazilian Imperial Army and Navy during the war against Paraguay (1865-1870), called War of the Triple Alliance (Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay against Paraguay). ... Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. ...


Ecclesiastical use

In the Roman Catholic Church, it is customary in many countries to use this style with Archbishops or Bishop (more formally, "His", or "Your", "Most Reverend Excellency"); the title of Eminence (or, more formally, "His", or "Your", "Most Reverend Eminence") is reserved to cardinals. This is also the official usage, both ecclesiastical and diplomatic, and is the practice followed in the United States. Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic... In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated bishop. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      This article is about a title... His Eminence is a historical style of address for high nobility. ... The coat of arms of a Cardinal are indicated by a red galero (wide-brimmed hat) with 15 tassels on each side (the motto and escutcheon are proper to the individual Cardinal). ...


However in the United Kingdom and Commonwealth or former Commonwealth countries, it is more customary to follow the British tradition, as usual in the Anglican churches, where an (Arch)bishop is rather styled The Most Reverend or the Right Reverend and addressed as Your Grace or My Lord.


See also

Ecclesiastical addressesses are the formal styles of address used for members of the clergy, notably in the hierarchical Catholic church. ... A Style is a form of address which by tradition or law precedes a reference to a person who holds a title or post, or to the office itself. ... The use of courtesy titles (Mr. ...

Sources and references

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Excellence - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (317 words)
Excellence is the state or quality of excelling.
Excellence is considered to be a value by many organizations, in particular by schools and other institutions of education
Keathley also asserts that the pursuit of excellence "should not be limited by the nature of the task" (i.e.
Arete (excellence) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (495 words)
In its earliest appearance in Greek this notion of excellence was bound up with the notion of the fulfillment of purpose or function; the act of living up to one's full potential.
The moral excellence or arete of a person or thing was then ηθικη, αρετη or virtue.
The excellence of the gods included their power, whereas in the Odyssey (13.42) the gods can grant excellence to a life, which is understood from the context to mean prosperity.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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