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Encyclopedia > Evzones
Greek Evzone soldiers marching in formation
Greek Evzone soldiers marching in formation
Evzones changing the guard at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier
Evzones changing the guard at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier
Greek Evzones changing guards at the tomb of the unknown soldier
Greek Evzones changing guards at the tomb of the unknown soldier
Evzones in Athens gaurding the grave of the Unknown Soldier.
Evzones in Athens gaurding the grave of the Unknown Soldier.

The Evzones, or Euzones, (Greek: Εύζωνοι, the Well-Girt) is any of several historical elite light infantry and mountain battalions and regiments of the Greek Army. Today, it refers to the members of the Proedriki Froura (Presidential Guard), an elite ceremonial unit that guards the Greek Parliament and Presidential Mansion. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2101x1004, 209 KB) Summary Greek Evzone Soldiers Marching in Formation Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2101x1004, 209 KB) Summary Greek Evzone Soldiers Marching in Formation Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x960, 327 KB)Changing_the_Guard2 http://www. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x960, 327 KB)Changing_the_Guard2 http://www. ... In a number of wars, huge numbers of soldiers died without their remains being identified. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (858x643, 72 KB) Summary Greek Evzones wearing the Traditional Greek Foustanella Kilt. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (858x643, 72 KB) Summary Greek Evzones wearing the Traditional Greek Foustanella Kilt. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (617x772, 83 KB) Summary Evzones in Athens guarding the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (617x772, 83 KB) Summary Evzones in Athens guarding the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. ... Traditionally light infantry (or skirmishers) were soldiers whose job was to provide a skirmishing screen ahead of the main body of infantry, harassing and delaying the enemy advance. ... Mount McKinley in Alaska has the largest visible base-to-summit elevation differences anywhere For other uses, see Mountain (disambiguation). ... The Hellenic Army (Greek: Ελληνικός Στράτος) is the land force of Greece (The Hellenic Republic). ...


The unit is famous around the world for its unique traditional uniform which is designed to be similar to the outfits worn by the klephts who fought the Ottoman occupation of Greece. Part of this uniform is fustanella, a kilt-like garment. Klephts (Greek κλέφτης, pl. ... Imperial motto (Ottoman Turkish) Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (the Eternal State) The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power (1683) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital Sogut (1299-1326), Bursa (1326-1365), Edirne (1365-1453), İstanbul (1453-1922) Imperial anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Sovereigns Padishah of the Osmanlı Dynasty... Fustanella (for spelling in various languages, see chart below) is a kilt-like garment frequently identified with Greek klephts and evzones. ...

Contents


History

The first Evzones unit was formed in 1868 as the royal guard (Ευζώνη—Evzone—, literally "Well-Girt," an ancient Greek phrase dating to Homer), and continued its role after the abolition of the Greek monarchy. At their height, the evzones comprised five regiments and were considered the elite of the Hellenic Army. As such, they were frequently used as shock troops. The units suffered horrific casualties in the Balkan and world wars, and were disbanded in 1944 save for the ceremonial guard unit. Bust of Homer in the British Museum For the fictional character in The Simpsons, see Homer Simpson. ... This is a list of the Kings of Greece, formally known by the title of King of the Hellenes House of Wittelsbach Otto (1832-1862) House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg George I (1863 - 1913) Constantine I (1913 - 1917) first time Alexander (1917 - 1920) Constantine I (1920 - 1922) second... The Hellenic Army (Greek: Ελληνικός Στράτος) is the land force of Greece (The Hellenic Republic). ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ...


Present role

Today the regiment is purely ceremonial, with duties including:

  • Guarding, on a 24-hour basis, the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, the Presidential Mansion and the gates of the Presidential Guard training camp.
  • The official raising and lowering of the flag (at 9am and 6pm respectively) every Sunday at the Acropolis
  • Accompanying the President of the Hellenic Republic on official foreign visits
  • Offering honours and welcoming foreign officials on visit
  • An annual Parade on New York’s 5th Avenue in celebration of Greece’s March 25th National Day
  • Accompanying the Holy Fire every Easter from Jerusalem to Athens

The Proedriki Froura are billeted in the George Tzavellas Barracks, on Herodes Atticus Street in Athens, near the Presidential Mansion. In a number of wars, huge numbers of soldiers died without their remains being identified. ... Acropolis in Athens. ... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 27th 141,205 km² 455 km 530 km 13. ... The Holy Fire (Greek Αγιο Φως, Holy Light) is believed by Orthodox Christians to be a miracle that occurs every year at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem on Holy Saturday, the day preceding Orthodox Easter. ... Easter is the most important religious holiday of the Christian liturgical year, observed in March, April, or May to celebrate the resurrection of Jesus, which Christians believe occurred after his death by crucifixion in AD 27-33 (see Good Friday). ... Lucius Vibullius Hipparchus Tiberius Claudius Atticus Herodes, commonly known as Herodes Atticus (c. ...


German "Evzones"

During World War II, the occupying German forces raised Evzones regiments attired in the traditional tsolias costume of the regiments, but reporting to the German authorities. These were widely reviled in colloquial Greek as Germanotsoliades. Combatants Allies: • Poland •UK & Commonwealth • France/Free France • Soviet Union • United States • China . ...


Former Units

The historical units were numbered and known as Τάγμα Ευζώνων - "Tagma (Battalion) of Evzones" - or Σύνταγμα - "Regiment of Evzones." The names are usually translated in English-language works with "Evzones" as an adjective modifying the unit, instead of a possesive plural, which is a more accurate reflection of the original Greek. Since the regiments were distinctive, elite units, they had dual numbers - the first, numbering them in the Evzones hierarchy, the second, in the overall infantry hierarchy. Thus the 5/42 Evzones Regiment was the 5th Regiment of Evzones, but also the 42nd Regiment of Infantry. A Tagma (plural tagmata) was a military unit in the Byzantine Empire. ...

  • 1/38 Evzones Regiment
  • 2/39 Evzones Regiment
  • 3/40 Evzones Regiment
  • 4/41 Evzones Regiment
  • 5/42 Evzones Regiment

The 5/42 Evzones Regiment or 42nd Regiment (Greek 5/42 Σύνταγμα Εύζωνων or 42° Σύνταγμα was an elite Evzones regiment of the Hellenic Army. ...

Uniform

Modern Greek Evzones Changing guards at the tomb of the unknown soldier
Modern Greek Evzones Changing guards at the tomb of the unknown soldier

The basic elements of the uniform are: Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1057x702, 90 KB) Summary Evzones Marching Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1057x702, 90 KB) Summary Evzones Marching Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

  • The phareon, a scarlet garrison cap with a long black tassel.
  • A woolen fustanella kilt.
  • A cotton undershirt.
  • White woolen stockings.
  • Black knee tassels.
  • Red tsarouhi clogs with black pompon.
  • A leather cartridge belt and a M1 Garand semi-automatic battle rifle, with bayonet.

The basic color of the winter uniform tunic is navy blue and derives from the uniform worn by the revolutionaries of Macedonia in early 20th century (see Macedonian Struggle), while the summer uniform tunic is light khaki, similar in design to the old service uniform of the Evzone regiments. The full-dress uniform, which derives from the traditional uniform of south-mainland Greece (Sterea Hellas), is worn on Sunday, on important national holidays, at the reception of foreign dignitaries and other special occasions. It has a white, bell-sleeved shirt and a white fustanella with 400 pleats (commemorating the 400 years of Ottoman occupation) with the addition of a fancy gold-brocade waistcoat. Members of the guard can also sometimes be seen in a royal blue and red uniform based on the traditional male costume of Crete, or in the black traditional habit once worn by the Greeks of Pontus. The officers are armed with a sabre instead of a rifle. The phareon is similar to the fez adopted by the Ottomans which were the main enemies of the evzones. Gen. ... Fustanella (for spelling in various languages, see chart below) is a kilt-like garment frequently identified with Greek klephts and evzones. ... See also: Hilt (band) and Peter Hilt The hilt of a sword is its handle, consisting of a guard, grip and pommel. ... Pom-pons Pom-Pon: A prop of sorts used in the sport of Cheerleading for a variety of reasons including attracting the attention of a crowd, accentuating movements, distracting an opposing team (though in very limited fashion and never in an unsportsmanlike manner), and adding an element of sparkle to... The M1 Garand (more formally the United States Rifle, Caliber . ... Navy blue is an especially dark shade of blue. ... Macedonian Struggle(1904-1908) is the name used in Greece to refer to the conflict over Macedonia at the beginning of the 20th century. ... Khaki, in British or European parlance, is a type of green tinged brown fabric, or the colour of such fabric. ... Categories: Greece geography stubs ... Fustanella (for spelling in various languages, see chart below) is a kilt-like garment frequently identified with Greek klephts and evzones. ... A traditional waistcoat, to be worn with a two-piece suit or separate jacket and trousers A waistcoat (called a vest in Canada and the US) is a type of garment. ... Royal blue is a lighter shade of blue. ... Red is any of a number of similar colors at the lowest frequencies of light discernible by the human eye. ... Crete (Greek Κρήτη / Kriti; see Wiktionary: Crete for the name in other languages) is the largest of the Greek islands and the fifth largest in the Mediterranean Sea. ... BLACK is a first-person shooter for PlayStation 2 and Xbox, developed by Criterion Software and published by Electronic Arts. ... After the colonisation of the Anatolian shores by the Ionian Greeks, Pontus soon became a name which was applied, in ancient times, to extensive tracts of country in the northeast of Asia Minor (modern Turkey) bordering on the Euxine (Black Sea), which was often called simply Pontos (the Main), by... SABRE (Synergic Air BReathing Engine) is a proposal for a hydrogen-fuelled air breathing rocket engine/jet engine for propelling the Skylon launch vehicle into low earth orbit. ... The fez is a conical hat popularized in Turkey in the 19th century. ... The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power Imperial motto El Muzaffer Daima The Ever Victorious (as written in tugra) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital İstanbul ( Constantinople/Asitane/Konstantiniyye ) Sovereigns Sultans of the Osmanli Dynasty Population ca 40 million Area 12+ million km² Establishment 1299 Dissolution October 29, 1923...


The uniforms of officers are distinguished from those of enlisted men by the substitution of red buskins for the stockings, and blue garters, their fustanella kilts are also longer than those of the enlisted Evzones.


Notable Evzones officers

  • Dimitrios Psaros

External links

  • Official Homepage
  • Article about the Froura from a Greek tourist info site

  Results from FactBites:
 
Evzones - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (677 words)
Evzones in Athens gaurding the grave of the Unknown soldier.
The first Evzones unit was formed in 1868 as the royal guard (Ευζώνη—Evzone—, literally "Well-Girt," an ancient Greek phrase dating to Homer), and continued its role after the abolition of the Greek monarchy.
At their height, the evzones comprised five regiments and were considered the elite of the Hellenic Army.
Encyclopedia: Evzones (1919 words)
The 5/42 Evzones Regiment or 42nd Regiment (Greek 5/42 Σύνταγμα Εύζωνων or 42° Σύνταγμα was an elite Evzones regiment of the Hellenic Army.
The Evzone uniform, as we know it today, was worn by men-at-arms and klephts during the Turkish occupation of Greece (1453-1821), as may be seen in paintings from this period.
After the Revolution of 1821 the uniform of the Evzone was officially established as the uniform of all chieftains and fighters of the Revolution.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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