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Encyclopedia > Evita
The cover of the 1979 American Broadway Original Cast Recording of Evita starring Patti Lupone as Eva Perón, Mandy Patinkin as Che Guevara, and Bob Gunton as Juan Peron.
The cover of the 1979 American Broadway Original Cast Recording of Evita starring Patti Lupone as Eva Perón, Mandy Patinkin as Che Guevara, and Bob Gunton as Juan Peron.

Evita is a musical by Andrew Lloyd Webber (music) and Tim Rice (lyrics). It is based on events surrounding the rise to power of Juan Perón as President of Argentina and the significant role played in these events by his second wife, Eva Perón. Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Patti LuPone in her Tony Award winning role as Eva Peron in the Broadway musical Evita. ... María Eva Duarte de Perón (May 7, 1919 – July 26, 1952) was the second wife of Argentine President Juan Domingo Perón (1895–1974) and the First Lady of Argentina from 1946 until her death in 1952. ... Mandel Bruce Patinkin (born November 30, 1952 in Chicago, Illinois), is an American actor and renowned tenor. ... Ernesto Guevara de la Serna (June 14, 1928 – October 9, 1967), commonly known as Che Guevara or el Che, was an Argentine-born Marxist revolutionary, political figure, and leader of Cuban and internationalist guerrillas. ... Bob Gunton (born November 15, 1945 in Santa Monica, California) is an American actor who is known for his role as Warden Norton in the 1994 movie The Shawshank Redemption. ... Juan Domingo Perón (October 8, 1895 – July 1, 1974) was an Argentine military officer and the President of Argentina from 1946 to 1955 and from 1973 to 1974. ... The Fantasticks was the longest-running musical in history Musical theatre is a form of theatre combining music, songs, spoken dialogue and dance. ... Andrew Lloyd Webber (publicity portrait). ... Sir Tim Rice & Andrew Llyod Webber in the 70s. ... Juan Domingo Perón (October 8, 1895 – July 1, 1974) was an Argentine soldier and politician, elected three times as President of Argentina from 1946 to 1955 and from 1973 to 1974. ... Current President Néstor Kirchner The President of Argentina (full title: President of the Argentine Nation, Spanish: Presidente de la Nación Argentina) is the head of state of Argentina. ... María Eva Duarte de Perón (May 7, 1919 – July 26, 1952) was the second wife of Argentine President Juan Domingo Perón (1895–1974) and the First Lady of Argentina from 1946 until her death in 1952. ...

Contents

Musical history

Like the duo's previous hit, Jesus Christ Superstar, Evita began as an album, released in 1976, with Julie Covington singing the lead role. Other parts were played by Paul Jones (as Juan Perón), Barbara Dickson (as the mistress), Colm Wilkinson (as Che, the narrator) and Tony Christie (as Agustín Magaldi). Covington's recording of "Don't Cry for Me, Argentina" reached No. 1 in the UK singles chart in February 1977, and had similar success internationally. Dickson's "Another Suitcase in Another Hall" also became a hit. In Britain, Australia, South Africa, South America, and various parts of Europe, sales of Evita exceeded those of Jesus Christ Superstar; in the United States, however, the concept album never achieved the same level of success. Eric Kunze as Jesus in the recent U.S. touring version of Jesus Christ Superstar Jesus Christ Superstar is a rock musical by Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Julie Covington (born September 11, 1947) is an English singer and actress best known for recording the original version of Dont Cry For Me Argentina. Covingtons break came in 1967 when, whilst still a student at Homerton College, Cambridge, she was invited to sing on David Frosts... Paul Jones (born February 24, 1942) is an English singer, actor, harmonica player, television and radio presenter. ... Barbara Dickson is a Scottish actress and singer, known for her work on stage (Blood Brothers) and television (Band of Gold). ... Colm Wilkinson’s life is surrounded by music. ... Tony Christie (born Antony Fitzgerald; April 25, 1943) is an English male singer from Conisbrough, South Yorkshire. ... Agustín Magaldi, a Tango singer, was born on December 1, 1898 and died on September 8, 1938. ... Dont Cry For Me, Argentina is the best-known song from the 1978 musical Evita with music by Andrew Lloyd Webber and lyrics by Tim Rice. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Another Suitcase in Another Hall is a song by American singer Madonna from the 1996 soundtrack Evita. ...

Poster for the Broadway production with Patti LuPone in the title role
Poster for the Broadway production with Patti LuPone in the title role

When Evita arrived on the West End stage at the Prince Edward Theatre on June 21, 1978, the title character was played by Elaine Paige, who had been selected from a large number of hopefuls, after Julie Covington elected not to take the role. Che was played by the pop singer David Essex, and Perón by Joss Ackland. The show successfully opened on Broadway in 1979, and starred Patti LuPone as Evita, Mandy Patinkin as Che, and Bob Gunton as Perón. LuPone and Patinkin were both awarded Tony Awards for their work in Evita. Both the London and New York productions were directed by Harold Prince. Image File history File links Pattiluponeevita. ... Image File history File links Pattiluponeevita. ... // West End theatre is a popular term for mainstream professional theatre in London, or sometimes more specifically for shows staged in the large theatres of Londons Theatreland . Along with New Yorks Broadway Theatre, West End theatre is usually considered to represent the highest level of theatre in the... June 21 is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 193 days remaining. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... On the cover of Elaine Paige Tour Programme 2004 Elaine Paige OBE (born Elaine Bickerstaff on 5 March 1948 in Barnet, Hertfordshire) is a world-renowned English singer and actor, primarily in musicals. ... David Essex (born July 23, 1947) is a British actor and singer who has enjoyed a varied career. ... Joss Ackland CBE (born February 29, 1928) is an English actor who has appeared in more than 130 films in his career. ... Broadway theatre[1] is often considered the highest professional form of theatre in the United States. ... This page refers to the year 1979. ... Patti LuPone in her Tony Award winning role as Eva Peron in the Broadway musical Evita. ... Mandel Bruce Patinkin (born November 30, 1952 in Chicago, Illinois), is an American actor and renowned tenor. ... Bob Gunton (born November 15, 1945 in Santa Monica, California) is an American actor who is known for his role as Warden Norton in the 1994 movie The Shawshank Redemption. ... What is popularly called the Tony Award® but is formally the Antoinette Perry Award is an annual American award celebrating achievements in theater, including musical theater. ... London (pronounced ) is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom. ... Official language(s) English de facto Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  Ranked 27th  - Total 54,520 sq mi (141,205 km²)  - Width 285 miles (455 km)  - Length 330 miles (530 km)  - % water 13. ... Hal Prince (born January 30, 1928), full name Harold Smith Prince, is a theatre producer and director associated with many of the best-known Broadway musical (and less notably, dramatic) productions of the past half-century. ...


Plans were soon in place for a film, which was originally to have starred Barbra Streisand or Liza Minnelli as Eva, and Barry Gibb or Barry Manilow as Che, and was to have been directed by Ken Russell. This eventually did not materialise, and it was not until the 1996 film Evita, directed by Alan Parker, that the theatrical production came to the big screen, with Madonna in the title role, Antonio Banderas as Che, and Jonathan Pryce as Perón. The film was nominated for five Academy Awards, winning one for Best Original Song ("You Must Love Me", composed especially for the film). Barbara Joan Streisand (born April 24, 1942 in Williamsburg, Brooklyn, New York) is a two-time Academy Award-winning American singer, theatre and film actress, composer, film producer and director. ... Liza Minnelli, 1966. ... Barry Alan Crompton Gibb, CBE (born on September 1, 1946 in Douglas, Isle of Man) is an English singer, songwriter and producer. ... Barry Manilow (born Barry Alan Pincus in Brooklyn, New York on June 17, 1943) is an American singer and songwriter best known for his hit recordings I Write The Songs, Mandy and Copacabana (At The Copa). Manilow dominated the charts for much of the 1970s with a string of major... Henry Kenneth Alfred Russell, known as Ken Russell (born July 3, 1927), is a controversial English film director, particularly known for his films about famous composers. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Alan Parker on the set of Pink Floyd The Wall Sir Alan Parker (born February 14, 1944) is a British film director, producer, writer, and actor. ... Madonna Ritchie (born August 16, 1958), better known worldwide by only her first name, is an iconic American pop singer, songwriter, musician, record and film producer, dancer, actress, and author whose level of fame and success has earned her superstar status for over two decades. ... José Antonio Domínguez Banderas (born August 11, 1960 in Málaga, Spain), better known as Antonio Banderas, is a Spanish film actor. ... Jonathan Pryce as Sam Lowry in Brazil Jonathan Pryce born Jonathan Price (b. ...


Evita was the last collaboration between Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice on a full scale musical production. It came sixth in a BBC Radio 2 listener poll of the 'Nation's Number One Essential Musicals' (wherein 'nation' refers to the United Kingdom). [1] BBC Radio 2 is one of the BBCs national radio stations and is the most popular station in the UK. It broadcasts throughout the UK on FM radio between 88 and 91 MHz from its studios in Western House, adjacent to Broadcasting House in central London. ... Opinion polls are surveys of opinion using sampling. ...


On 2 June 2006, Evita was revived at London's Adelphi Theatre, with Argentine actress Elena Roger as Eva Perón, Philip Quast as Perón, and Matt Rawle as Che. Notably, its songlist included "You Must Love Me", written for the 1996 film, which had never been part of an English-language stage production. June 2 is the 153rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (154th in leap years), with 212 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Adam brothers Adelphi Buildings in an 18th-century print; the terrace stood upon riverfront warehousing. ...


Historical credentials

See also: Che Guevara in popular culture
   
Evita
'Che as well as Evita symbolize certain naïve, but effective, beliefs: the hope for a better world; a life sacrificed on the altar of the disinherited, the humiliated, the poor of the earth. They are myths which somehow reproduce the image of Christ.'[1]
   
Evita
Mandy Patinkin in his role as 'Che' in the original Broadway version of Evita.
Mandy Patinkin in his role as 'Che' in the original Broadway version of Evita.

The narrator of the musical is identified simply as 'Che' and is based upon the historical figure of Che Guevara, a native Argentinian who opposed the Perón regime. In the musical, Che and Evita have a confrontation in the song "Waltz for Eva and Che". There is no evidence to suggest that Che Guevara and Eva Perón actually ever met. The only alleged contact that Guevara ever had with Perón was a letter he claimed to have sent to her charity, requesting a jeep; Guevara claimed that it was never received [2], and is also said to have joined a Peronist youth organization in college, though only to gain access to their library. Mandy Patinkin in his role as Che in the original Broadway version of Evita. ... Image File history File links Cquote1. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Cquote2. ... Image File history File links Mandypatinkinche. ... Image File history File links Mandypatinkinche. ... Mandel Bruce Patinkin (born November 30, 1952 in Chicago, Illinois), is an American actor and renowned tenor. ... Ernesto Guevara de la Serna (June 14, 1928 – October 9, 1967), commonly known as Che Guevara or el Che, was an Argentine-born Marxist revolutionary, political figure, and leader of Cuban and internationalist guerrillas. ... Musical theater (or theatre) is a form of theatre combining music, songs, dance, and spoken dialogue. ... Ernesto Guevara de la Serna (June 14, 1928 – October 9, 1967), commonly known as Che Guevara or el Che, was an Argentine-born Marxist revolutionary, political figure, and leader of Cuban and internationalist guerrillas. ... Peronism is an Argentine political ideology based on the ideas and programs associated with former president Juan Perón. ...


After leaving Peronist Argentina in the mid-1950s, Guevara moved to Cuba. As Castro's collaborator, he came to occupy a position in Cuba's government arguably analogous to Evita's role in Peronist Argentina: that of spiritual leader. In the song "Waltz for Eva and Che", the character of Evita makes a reference to Guevara's future role in Castro's Cuba: 'So go, if you're able/To somewhere unstable/And stay there/Whip up your hate/In some tottering state/But not here, dear/Is that clear, dear?'[3] Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (born on August 13, 1926) is the current President of Cuba. ...


The lyrics and storyline of the musical are based on Mary Main's biography Evita: The Woman with the Whip, which drew heavily upon the accounts of anti-Peronist Argentines. Shortly after the musical appeared, Nicholas Fraser and Marysa Navarro published a more neutral account of Eva Perón's life, titled Evita: The Real Lives of Eva Perón, in which they claim that many of Main's assertions (which had influenced Rice's lyrics) were false, such as the suggestion that Eva had first gone to Buenos Aires as the mistress of a married musician, Agustín Magaldi. Instead, they wrote, Eva's mother Doña Juana had taken her there whenever she aspired to become a radio actress. Many people suggested that Rice's lyrics disparaged Evita's achievements unnecessarily, particularly her charity work. Buenos Aires (English: ; originally , City of the Most Holy Trinity and Port of Saint Mary of the Fair Winds;[1] pronounced ) is the capital of Argentina and its largest city and port. ... Agustín Magaldi, a Tango singer, was born on December 1, 1898 and died on September 8, 1938. ...


Songs

Act One

  • "Requiem for Evita" (Chorus) is a stirring Catholic requiem sung in Latin by a grief-stricken cinema crowd when they hear of Evita's death. This song immediately seques into...
  • "Oh, What A Circus" (Che) is the narrator's disparaging assessment of the hysterical grief that gripped Argentina when Evita died in 1952. The song transformed a bit from its earliest incarnation, which was much more challenging to sing as parts of it were in a higher key. Also, the musical added Che's rant about Eva at the end which was missing from the concept recording.
  • "On This Night of a Thousand Stars/Eva, Beware of the City" (Magaldi) is a love song by a popular tango singer to a young Eva. It segues into "City", which has the older Magaldi trying to convince the young Eva that she is unprepared for life in Buenos Aires. Nevertheless, Eva wins, and visits the lovely....
  • "Buenos Aires" (Evita) has some disco-tinged musical motifs, reveals Evita's hopes and ambitions when she arrives in the city for the first time.
  • "Goodnight and Thank You" (Che) tells the story of the many men with interest in young Evita, and the way in which she manipulated this interest to achieve social status. It is implied in the song (and by the staging) that she 'slept' her way up the ladder.
  • "The Lady's Got Potential" (Che) tells of Eva's success as an actress and a right-wing coup in 1943. This number was cut after the 1976 recording and was then replaced with "The Art Of The Possible" in stage productions. The film soundtrack uses both numbers; however, the lyrics to "The Lady's Got Potential" were substantially re-written. The original lyrics compared Eva to a "giant bug".
  • "The Art of the Possible" (Peron, Generals, Evita) Perón is fighting members of his political party to rise to the top. At the end, Perón's ability to play to the masses and his ambition to become the next president win out, the title being based on the aphorism that "politics is the art of the possible". Often times, this number is performed as if the Generals are playing a game of musical chairs, with Peron winning at the end, signifying his impending rise to power. This number was almost completely omitted from the film, only including one verse sung only by Che.
  • "I'd Be Surprisingly Good For You" (Evita and Perón) is the first meeting between the famous couple, shortly after a charity concert in which they were both involved. Some of the musical themes from this song would reappear in "A New Argentina".
  • "Hello and Goodbye" (Perón's mistress and Evita) sees Perón's previous mistress being dismissed by Evita.
  • "Another Suitcase in Another Hall" (Perón's mistress) is the young girl's song of rejection after having been kicked out by Eva. In the movie version, it is sung by Eva herself (after "Buenos Aires"), after realizing that Magaldi is married with a child. The movie version, however, does have the mistress briefly reprise the song after "Hello and Goodbye". It is often said this song exists in the theatrical version to allow Eva to change costumes for her next scene.
  • "Perón's Latest Flame" (Che) shows the upper-classes' disdain for Evita and the chauvinism of the Army. The army refers to Eva as a "bitch" and a "slut", and the upper class would prefer Eva to be seen "behind the jewelry counter" at Harrod's, but "not in front".
  • "A New Argentina" (Evita and Perón/Chorus) is the election campaign to make Perón the new president. A stirring anthem, much of it takes place in the bedroom where Eva and Juan are discussing his next political move, where Eva convinces him assuming the Presidency is the best for them. The Argentine masses also appear in the song, as Eva publicly stirs up support for Argentina. It could be arguably interpreted that this song displays the people were 'manipulated' at a time where they were in need.

The Requiem or Requiem Mass, also known formally (in Latin) as the Missa pro defunctis or Missa defunctorum, is a liturgical service of the Catholic Church and its Eastern Rite. ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Tango music is traditionally played by an orquesta típica, a sextet which includes two violins, piano, doublebass, and two bandoneons. ... In music, segue is a direction to the performer. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... In politics, right-wing, the political right, or simply the right, are terms which refer, with no particular precision, to the segment of the political spectrum in opposition to left-wing politics. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... Politics is a process by which decisions are made within groups. ... Musical chairs is a game played by a group of people (usually children), often in an informal setting purely for entertainment such as a birthday party. ... The Argentine Army (Ejército Argentino) is the land armed force branch of the Argentine military and the senior military service of the country. ...

Act Two

  • "High Flying, Adored" (Che and Evita) looks at the price of fame as Eva dances at the Inaugural Ball.
  • "Rainbow High" (Evita) has Evita insisting on a celebrity/glamorous image in order that she can impress the people of Argentina and promote Perónism at the same time.
  • "Rainbow Tour" (Perón, his advisers and Che) charts the success and decline of Eva's famous tour of Europe in 1946, which begins to show Eva's body starting to give in. She never makes it to London.
  • "And the Money Kept Rolling In" (Che) is the story of Eva's charitable work, which Che disparages (Che's song implying serious skimming), but the ordinary people love. It is alleged that the Perons were using the money they "skimmed" off the top and depositing it into a Swiss bank account, as evidenced by the line stating "never been accounts in the name of Eva Peron".
  • "Partido Feminista" (Evita) (movie version only) has one of Eva's rousing speeches to the female voters (who she has helped gain the vote for.) Her rising popularity means that many are pressing her to run for Vice-President.
  • "She is a Diamond" (Perón) many of Perón's supporters do not want a female Vice-President, and Perón accidentally reveals that Eva's health is not up to the task.
  • "Santa Evita" (The Chorus) is the song of Eva's devoted supporters, who see her as a modern-day saint, fighting for their cause against the wealthy industrialists.
  • "Waltz for Eva and Che" (Evita and Che) has the story's heroine and narrator meeting in a dream sequence, in which they argue the rights and wrongs of Eva's case.
  • "Your Little Body is Breaking Down" (Perón and Evita) Perón tells Evita she is dying, Evita insists they can continue on, and she wants to assume the vice presidency.
  • "You Must Love Me" (Evita — written for the 1996 film, later added to the stage version) is a tragic song from a heartbroken Evita, who suddenly understands, at the end of her life, that Perón loves her for herself — not just for what she can do for him and his career.
  • "Eva's Final Broadcast" (Evita) sees Eva reject the calls for the vice presidency and swear her eternal love to the people of Argentina.
  • "Montage" (Chorus) are Evita's past achievements flashing before her eyes before she dies. This is accomplished by hearing short snippets from most of the major songs in the play. In the film this was seen as unnecessary and was replaced by a short song called "Latin Chant".
  • "Lament" (Evita) is Evita thinking back on her life and asking for forgiveness ("O my daughter! O my son! Understand what I have done!") just before she dies of cancer in 1952, aged 33. Eva also ponders if she could have lived an ordinary life, hidden from the public view. At the end, embalmers move in to preserve her fragile body, while Che mentions Evita's body disappeared for seventeen years afterward. (Che's end note was cut from the film version.)

Dont Cry For Me, Argentina is the best-known song from the 1978 musical Evita with music by Andrew Lloyd Webber and lyrics by Tim Rice. ... A celebrity is a person who is widely recognized (famous) in a society and commands a high degree of public and media attention. ... World map showing Europe Political map (neighbouring countries in Asia and Africa also shown) Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of the Earth. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Current President Néstor Kirchner The President of Argentina (full title: President of the Argentine Nation, Spanish: Presidente de la Nación Argentina) is the head of state of Argentina. ... In traditional Christian iconography, Saints are usually depicted as having halos. ... Audio sample: You Must Love Me ( file info) — The song was specially written for the film version of Evita and won an Oscar for Best Original Song in a Film in 1997. ... Cancer is a class of diseases or disorders characterized by uncontrolled division of cells and the ability of these cells to invade other tissues, either by direct growth into adjacent tissue through invasion or by implantation into distant sites by metastasis. ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...

References

The episode of the Simpsons The President Wore Pearls has a plot loosely based on the musical, including parodies of songs such as, 'Don't vote for me, kids of Springfield'. Also at the end they display a disclaimer saying 'on the advice of our lawyers, we have never heard of a musical based on the life of Eva Peron. The President Wore Pearls is an episode of The Simpsons first broadcast on November 16, 2003 as the third episode of the shows fifteenth season. ... Evitas image appeared on a wide variety of products, including stamps, coins, postcards and calendars. ...


Notes

  1. ^ "Evita Or Madonna: Whom Will History Remember?" Interview with Tomas Eloy Martinez Retrieved June 13, 2006
  2. ^ Che Guevara Wikipedia article Retrieved June 13, 2006
  3. ^ "Waltz For Eva And Che", lyrics by Tim Rice, music by Andrew Lloyd Webber Retrieved June 12, 2006

See also

Andrew Lloyd Webber Andrew Lloyd Webber (publicity portrait). ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Evita (1996) (582 words)
The hit musical based on the life of Evita Duarte, a B-picture Argentinian actress who eventually became the wife of Argentinian president and dictator Juan Perón, and the most beloved and hated woman in Argentina.
Meryl Streep, Pia Zadora, Charo and Maria Conchita Alonso were considered for the role of Evita.
"Evita" is an opera, albeit a rock opera, in the true sense of the word -- there can't be fifty words of spoken dialogue in the entire movie.
Filmtracks: Evita (Andrew Lloyd Webber) (1658 words)
One of the major criticisms of Evita as a film was the fact that almost every moment of spoken word had to be incorporated into one of the musical's themes, with the actual few words of straight dialogue seeming completely out of place.
Evita in particular was an early Webber hit, and the styles you hear in its songs and score would be revised with greater impact in his subsequent hits.
From a life of poverty to one as the wife of Juan Peron, Argentina's president, Evita became, despite her vanity and manipulative behavior in real life, a fantastic character for romantic consumption by the mainstream.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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