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Encyclopedia > Evesham
Map sources for Evesham at grid reference SP0343
The Market Place in Evesham, circa 1904.
The Market Place in Evesham, circa 1904.

Evesham is a middle-sized, rural market town in Worcestershire, England, in the Local Authority District of Wychavon. It is roughly equidistant between Worcester, Cheltenham and Stratford-upon-Avon and was originally built within a loop of the River Avon, which flows through the Vale of Evesham. The surrounding area (the Vale of Evesham) is known for fruit growing and market gardening, due to its unusually fertile soil which, on a commercial level, has lead to a large number of immigrant temporary workers living in the Vale. Image File history File links Dot4gb. ... Image File history File links Gb4dot. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... Download high resolution version (1455x2644, 228 KB)The Market Place in Evesham - from Project Guternberg eText 13754 - http://www. ... Download high resolution version (1455x2644, 228 KB)The Market Place in Evesham - from Project Guternberg eText 13754 - http://www. ... Year 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... The market town is a medieval phenomenon. ... Worcestershire (pronounced ; abbreviated Worcs) is a county located in the West Midlands region of central England. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... Wychavon is a local government district in Worcestershire, England. ... The city of Worcester (pronounced Wuh-ster) is the county town of Worcestershire in England; the river Severn runs through the middle, with the citys large Worcester Cathedral overlooking the river. ... For the parliamentary constituency, see Cheltenham (UK Parliament constituency). ... Stratford-upon-Avon Stratford-upon-Avon is a town in Warwickshire, England. ... The River Avon or Avon is a river in or adjoining the counties of Leicestershire, Northamptonshire, Warwickshire, Worcestershire and Gloucestershire in the midlands of England. ... The Vale of Evesham is the name used for the area of southern Worcestershire, England, along the valley of the River Avon, centred on the town of Evesham. ... The Vale of Evesham is the name used for the area of southern Worcestershire, England, along the valley of the River Avon, centred on the town of Evesham. ... In agriculture, market gardening is the relatively small-scale production of fruits, vegetables and flowers as cash crops, frequently sold directly to consumers and restaurants. ...


The town had a population of 22,304 at the 2001 census, with a small hospital, a library, two secondary schools and a college. The town is home to the Evesham Technology computer manufacturing company, has a number of food processing businesses and is a modest tourist destination. Nearby is Wood Norton, a major BBC broadcasting centre during the Second World War, now a training facility & a private hotel. Evesham Technology is a computer company based in Evesham, Worcestershire, England. ... A BlueGene supercomputer cabinet. ... Wood Norton, is a Grade II listed stately home near Evesham, England. ... The British Broadcasting Corporation, usually known as the BBC (and also informally known as the Beeb or Auntie) is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the United Kingdom alone and with a budget of more than GB£4 billion... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Evesham could reasonably be described as a pleasant rather than an exciting place to visit: it is a well-known destination for day-trippers who picnic by the river and a base for tourists visiting the Cotswolds. Annual events include a major angling contest, a hot-air balloon festival, the Mop Fair (once a hiring fair), a regatta and a river festival featuring illuminated boats. The river Avon is an attraction in its own right, both as part of the navigable 'Avon Ring' and for pleasure-boat trips from Abbey Gardens or boat hire from the marina. The remains of Evesham Abbey include the landmark Lichfield Bell Tower and two historic parish churches. Nearby is the Almonry, a listed building that was once part of the Abbey and now houses the local Heritage Centre. The Cotswolds is the name given to a range of hills in central England, sometimes called the Heart of England, a hilly area reaching over 300 m or 1000 feet. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Sport fishing. ... Mop Fairs (also The Mop singular and Mops plural) are a feature of many English towns and are traditionally held on or around Michaelmas Day. ... A small marina at Brixham, Devon, England. ... A parish is a type of administrative subdivision. ... St. ...

Contents

History

Evesham was the site of a major battle—the Battle of Evesham, in which Simon de Montfort was defeated and killed on 4 August 1265. It was also home to one of Europe's largest abbeys, of which only Abbot Lichfield's Bell Tower remains. Evesham Abbey was founded by Saint Egwin, Bishop of Worcester, following the vision of the Virgin Mary by a local swineherd or shepherd named Eof (sometimes Eoves). Eof legendarily went straight to Egwin, who journeyed to the site and shared the vision. He was moved to establish a Benedictine abbey on the site. The Battle of Evesham was an important battle in the history of England which took place on August 4, 1265. ... From the Chamber of the United States House of Representatives Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester (1208 – August 4, 1265) was the principal leader of the baronial opposition to King Henry III of England. ... August 4 is the 216th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (217th in leap years), with 149 days remaining. ... For broader historical context, see 1260s and 13th century. ... This article is 150 kilobytes or more in size. ... Bold textTHIS IS THE PAGE THAT A.S. REALLY NEEDS!! THIS IS NOW MARKED!!! ] ps i like A.O. This article is about an abbey as a Christian monastic community. ... Evesham Abbey was founded at Evesham in England following a vision of the Virgin Mary by Eof. ... Egwin (d. ... Arms of the Bishop of Worcester Worcester Cathedral - the seat of the Bishop of Worcester The Bishop of Worcester is the ordinary in the see of Worcester and has his seat in Worcester Cathedral. ... Apparition of The Virgin to St Bernard by Filippino Lippi (1486) Oil on panel, 210 x 195 cm Church of Badia, Florence Marian apparitions are events in which the Virgin Mary is purported to have supernaturally appeared to one or more persons, typically Catholics, in various settings. ... End-of-file of a Computer_file Eof was a swineherd (or possibly a shepherd, scholars dispute the matter) who claimed to have seen a vision of the Virgin Mary at Evesham in England. ...


While Egwin was beatified and later canonised (a local C of E middle school is named after him), Eof arguably had the greater historical resonance and posterity. The name of Evesham is derived from "Eof's ham" (This derivation is contested, as some would have it known that the name stems from "Eof's Swine"). Evesham Abbey funded smaller abbeys and churches in Belgium, the Netherlands and France. A large source of income came from pilgrims to the abbey to celebrate both the vision and the tomb of Montfort. Pilgrims is the name commonly applied to early settlers of the Plymouth Colony, MA. Their leadership came from a religious congregation who had fled religious persecution in the East Midlands of England for the relative calm of Holland in the Netherlands. ...


One historical quirk of Evesham is that the town consists of Evesham "proper" on the north side of the Avon (within the loop of the river) and Bengeworth on the southern side. Bengeworth was always the secular side of the river, and at one stage had a castle vying for control with the abbey across on the other side. Unfortunately for Bengeworth, the knights went on a drunken spree and damaged a grave or two in the abbey graveyard, giving the monks an excuse to attack and level the castle. To prevent its rebuilding the site was then used to bury plague victims. Evesham's tax office now stands on this site. This historic imbalance is still visible in the distribution of shops and roads. Pierrefonds Castle, France Castle has a history of scholarly debate surrounding its exact meaning. ... The silver Anglia knight, commissioned as a trophy in 1850, intended to represent the Black Prince. ... Munichs city symbol celebrates its founding by Benedictine monks—and the origin of its name A monk is a person who practices religious asceticism, the conditioning of mind and body in favor of the spirit. ...


Also to the southern side of the town is the Parish of Greater and Little Hampton, an independent village of the town until approximate 80 years ago. To celebrate the linking of the village to the town and improve access Abbey bridge, or "New Bridge" as it was often known was built. The bridge was also the first completely structural concrete bridge to be built in the UK. Hampton has come into a resurgence in recent years, thanks partly to redevelopment of Hampton and the redrawing of the electoral boundaries.

Abbey Almonry
Abbey Almonry

The presence of the abbey, its residents and the pilgrims coming to the site led to a growth in the town within the loop of the river. A model of the town in the middle ages is sited in the Almonry Museum in the town centre. With what is thought to have been the third biggest abbey in Britain and a strong agricultural economy, the town became a well-known satellite of the powerful cathedral in nearby Worcester and the then Gloucester Abbey. Unfortunately Henry VIII's Dissolution of the monasteries saw the Abbey dismantled and sold as building stone, leaving little but Evesham's landmark Lichfield Bell Tower. Had the Abbey survived, its size would have been greater than that of St. Paul's Cathedral. Image File history File linksMetadata Evesham_Abbey_Almonry. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Evesham_Abbey_Almonry. ... Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England and Lord of Ireland (later King of Ireland) from 22 April 1509 until his death. ... The Dissolution of the Monasteries, referred to by Roman Catholic writers as the Suppression of the Monasteries, was the formal process during the English Reformation by which King Henry VIII confiscated the property of the monastic institutions in England between 1538 and 1541. ...


Despite this seeming disaster, the town survived and grew into one of the country's most well-known production centres for fruit and vegetables. The Vale of Evesham at its height was second only to Kent as the Garden of England. The Vale of Evesham is the name used for the area of southern Worcestershire, England, along the valley of the River Avon, centred on the town of Evesham. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ...


A decline in the second half of the 20th century in domestic agriculture led to the closing of Evesham garden market in the 1990s, and many orchards in the town's Greenhill area fell into disuse.


In May 1998 Evesham was one of the towns hit by record flooding along the River Avon. The river rose 19 feet in just a few hours, sinking tethered narrow boats, flooding areas of Bengeworth, and threatening the 19th century Workman Bridge as static homes from a riverside caravan site broke up and became wedged in the bridge's arches.


The distinctive local dialect, now slipping into lesser use but strong still in older generations of the town's inhabitants, has 'Asum' as a contraction of the town's name. Asum was the name given to the produce of a popular micro-brewery based at the historic Green Dragon public house (built 1510 and boasting fine Tudor architecture) in the town. The two award-winning real ales were Asum Ale and Asum Gold. The pub has been relaunched and the micro-brewery has closed. Tudor architecture is the architecture of the Tudor period, ie. ...


Another quirk of local language gives rise to the debate as to the pronunciation of the town's name itself. 'Eve-shum' is the more common phonetic pronunciation, but the pronunciation 'Eve-er-shum' is not uncommon. Younger generations of the town's inhabitants give the pseudo-affectionate name of The Sham to the town.


Education

As it is situated within Wychavon District Council Evesham's schools conform to the 3-tier model of First School (ages 5-10), Middle School (ages 10-13), High School (ages 13-18). This has been the situation since 1974, before then the model was Primary School (ages 5-11), Secondary School (ages 11-18). Between 1974 and 1977 there was a period of transition between the two. Wychavon is a local government district in Worcestershire, England. ... First School is a term occasionally used in the United Kingdom for a primary school. ... Middle school (also known as intermediate school or junior high school) covers a period of education that straddles primary education and secondary education, serving as a bridge between the two. ... Secondary education - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Secondary school is a term used to describe an institution where the final stage of compulsory schooling, known as secondary education, takes place. ...


The town has many First Schools including both Church of England and Roman Catholic as well as non-denominational. There are two Middle schools within the town, Simon de Montfort Middle School[1] and St Egwin's C of E Middle School[2] and two High schools in Evesham, Prince Henry's High School[3] and Evesham High School[4]. The two High schools serve the wider area around Evesham their intake coming from the Middle Schools already mentioned as well as other Middle Schools in the surrounding area. The Church of England is the officially established Christian church[1] in England, and acts as the mother and senior branch of the worldwide Anglican Communion, as well as a founding member of the Porvoo Communion. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ...


Prince Henry's has a long history dating back at least 630 years to when it was associated with the Abbey, when it was run as a school for the poor. The School was run as a Grammar School until 1973 when it was reorganised under the Comprehensive School system. In 1993 the school became Grant Maintained then in 1999 it became a Foundation School. It is now a Language College.


Evesham High School (formerly known as Evesham County Secondary School) was created as a Secondary Modern school. In 1973, at the same time as Prince Henry's, the school was reorganised under the Comprehensive School system. It is now a recognised Sports College with advanced sports and fitness facilities.


Comparison tables showing the relative performance of the two high schools at GCSE, Added Value and A/AS can be found here: [5] [6] [7] GCSE is an acronym that can refer to: General Certificate of Secondary Education global common subexpression elimination - an optimisation technique used by some compilers This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... An A-level, short for Advanced Level, is a General Certificate of Education usually taken during Further Education and after GCSEs. ...


Within the town there is also Greenhill School, a Private school catering for both boys and girls from age 3 to 13. The school is over 100 years old and though now co-educational was originally a Girl’s school. Private schools, or independent schools, are schools not administered by local, state, or national government, which retain the right to select their student body and are funded in whole or in part by charging their students tuition rather than with public (state) funds. ... Coeducation is the integrated education of men and women. ...


Higher Education (16+) is provided in the town by Evesham and Malvern Hills College. The college caters mainly for students studying at the NVQ and BTEC level or undertaking practical vocational courses. The college was formed by the merger of Evesham College and Malvern Hills College in September 2000 [8]. A National Vocational Qualification, or NVQ, is a certificate of vocational education in the United Kingdom. ... The Business & Technology Education Council (BTEC) was a subdegree conferring council in the United Kingdom until 1996, when its functions were transferred to Edexcel. ...


Travel

Road: Evesham is at the junction of the A46 and A44 trunk roads - the four-mile A46 £7m single-carriageway bypass to the east of the town opened in July 1987 as the A435. In a recent amateur survey, the majority of respondents felt the bypass has helped alleviate traffic congestion within the town. The A46 is a trunk road in England. ... The A44 is a major road in the United Kingdom. ... The A46 is a trunk road in England. ...


Rail: Evesham railway station is about two hours from London Paddington on the Cotswold Line. Evesham railway station is in the Midlands town of Evesham. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Paddington Station, March 2005 during rush hour Paddington station or London Paddington station is a major National Rail and London Underground station complex in the Paddington area of London. ... A First Great Western Link Network Express Turbo unit at Evesham station on 19th September 2004, with a service for London Paddington. ...


Bus: Local & regional bus services (to Stratford-upon-Avon, Worcester and Cheltenham) run from the main bus stops on the High Street.


Water: The river Avon is a navigable waterway linking the river Severn at Tewkesbury to the Stratford-upon-Avon Canal at Stratford. Severn redirects here. ... Location within the British Isles The Tewkesbury War Memorial, locally known as the Cross Tewkesbury is a historic town in Gloucestershire, England. ... Categories: Stub | Canals in the United Kingdom | Warwickshire ...


Sport & Leisure

The town is home to Evesham United Football Club which plays in the Southern Football League Division One Midlands. Evesham United F.C. are an English football club based in Evesham, Worcestershire. ... Look up Football in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Southern Football League Division One Midlands is a football league covering the most of the Midlands. ...


Because of its situation on the river the town is home to various watersports activities:

  • Rowing (Evesham Rowing Club)
  • Kayaking & Canoeing (Evesham Paddlesport)
  • Sailing (Evesham Sailing Club).

The town also has a competitive Rugby Team (Evesham Rugby Club) and Petanque Team (Evesham Petanque Club).


Famous People

Muzio Clementi (January 24, 1752 – March 10, 1832) was a classical composer, and acknowledged as the first to write specifically for the piano. ... March 10 is the 69th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (70th in leap years). ... 1832 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Sir Henry Fowler (July 29, 1870–October 16, 1938) was a Chief Mechanical Engineer of the Midland Railway and subsequently the London, Midland and Scottish Railway. ... Chief Mechanical Engineer and Locomotive Superintendent are titles applied by British railway companies to persons in charge of building or maintaining locomotives. ... The Midland Railway (MR) was a railway company in the United Kingdom, which existed from 1844 to 1922. ... The London, Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS1) was a British railway company. ... July 29 is the 210th day (211th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 155 days remaining. ... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Jim Capaldi (2 August 1944 – 28 January 2005) was an English musician and songwriter and a founding member of Traffic. ... Traffic was a rock band from Birmingham, England, formed in late 1966 by Steve Winwood with Jim Capaldi, Chris Wood and Dave Mason. ... August 24 is the 236th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (237th in leap years), with 129 days remaining. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Alistair McGowan (born November 24, 1964) is a British impressionist and actor. ... November 24 is the 328th day (329th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ...

Twin Towns

Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Dreux is a town and commune in northwest France, in the Eure-et-Loir département. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Melsungen is a small climatic spa in the Schwalm-Eder district in northern Hesse, Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Evesham Township highlighted in Burlington County. ... For the Bon Jovi album, see New Jersey (album) Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  Ranked 47th  - Total 8,729 sq mi (22,608 km²)  - Width 70 miles (110 km)  - Length 150 miles (240 km)  - % water 14. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Evesham: Information From Answers.com (1502 words)
Evesham could reasonably be described as a pleasant rather than an exciting place to visit: it is a well-known destination for day-trippers who picnic by the river and a base for tourists visiting the Cotswolds.
Evesham High itself is seen as a slight academic inferior, but is said to house a better atmosphere for students; pupils are friendly and many pupils share a friendly and respectful bond with teachers.
Road: Evesham is at the junction of the A46 and A44 trunk roads - the four-mile A46 £7m single-carriageway bypass opened in July 1987 as the A435.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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