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Encyclopedia > Everything2
Everything2

Screenshot of Everything2.com
URL http://www.everything2.com
Commercial? No
Type of site Internet encyclopedia project
Registration Optional
Available language(s): English
Owner Blockstackers Intergalactic
Created by Nathan Oostendorp[1]
Launched March 1998 (as Everything1)
Current status active

Everything2, Everything2, or E2 for short, is a collaborative Web-based community consisting of a database of interlinked user-submitted written material. E2 is moderated for quality, but has no formal policy on subject matter. Writing on E2 covers a wide range of topics and genres, including encyclopedic articles, diary entries (known as "daylogs"), humor, and fiction. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... // Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is a technical, Web-related term used in two distinct meanings: In popular usage, it is a widespread synonym for Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) — many popular and technical texts will use the term URL when referring to URI; Strictly, the idea of a uniform syntax for... The idea to build a free encyclopedia using the Internet can be traced at least to the 1993 Interpedia proposal; it was planned as an encyclopedia on the Internet to which everyone could contribute materials. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... WWWs historical logo designed by Robert Cailliau The World Wide Web is a system of interlinked, hypertext documents accessed via the Internet. ... On Internet websites which invite users to post comments, a moderation system is the method the webmaster chooses to sort contributions which are irrelevant, obscene, illegal or insulting from contributions which are useful or informative. ...

Contents

Nodes and writeups

E2 users called noders create entries called nodes and add information in multiple writeups. Only logged-in users can create writeups, and only the author of a writeup or an editor appointed by the site administrators can edit a writeup. E2 categorizes writeups into thirteen types: person, place, idea, thing, dream, personal, fiction, poetry, review, log, recipe, essay, and event. Two additional writeup types, lede and definition, are usable only by editors and are applied retroactively. Writeups are written in a simplified HTML dialect and do not contain images. HTML, short for Hypertext Markup Language, is the predominant markup language for the creation of web pages. ...


There are other types of nodes that do not contain writeups; for instance, the administrators can create "superdoc" nodes (similar to Wikipedia's special pages) such as Everything New Nodes and Page of Cool that allow interaction, and each user has a "homenode" where he or she can add a short autobiography or other text (or a picture, if he or she is level five or above -- see Rewards, below). Wikipedia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Special pages for all users Create account / log in Preferences My watchlist Recent changes Upload file File list Gallery of new files User list Admins list Statistics Random page Orphaned pages Uncategorized pages Uncategorized categories Unused files Wanted pages Short pages Long pages New pages Oldest pages Dead-end pages...


Links

Hard links

Hard links in E2 are simply words or phrases surrounded by [square brackets]. Any words inside square brackets in a writeup will become a link to the E2 node of that title. If a node with that title does not yet exist, following the link will bring up the option to create it.


Recently, partial support for external URLs has been implemented. A hardlinked URL will provide, in addition to the option to create a new node, a link to the URL. Heavy use of external URLs is discouraged, however, as E2 is supposed to stand on its own and contain a largely self-supportive infrastructure.


Pipe links

Pipe links are a variant form of hard links. While a hard link to the node Wikipedia would look like [Wikipedia], the pipe link allows the author a greater degree of freedom without restricting what nodes can be linked to. For example, one could write "[Wikipedia|Online encyclopedias] have started to become common sources in my students' research papers." The sentence looks like this to the reader: "Online encyclopedias have started to become common sources in my students' research papers." Wikipedia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


Noders can link to a specific writeup within a node by appending (person), (place), (idea) or (thing) to a pipe link. For example, the pipe link [Wiki (thing)|Wiki] links directly to the writeup of the type thing within the Wiki node. If the node contains more than one writeup of the specified type, the pipe link returns a "Duplicates Found" page linking to every writeup of the specified type within the node.


Pipe links on E2 often add "easter egg" content, such as commentary, humor and hidden information.[2] A virtual Easter egg is a hidden message or feature in an object such as a movie, book, CD, DVD, computer program, or video game. ...


Soft links

At the bottom of every node, the system displays up to 64 soft links, though each node can store an unlimited number thereof. ("Guest User" -- any viewer not logged in -- can see 24, a logged-in user can see up to 48, and the senior administrators ("gods," though this term has fallen out of favor in recent years) can see up to 64). These are two-way links intended to approximate "thought processes". Whenever a logged-in user moves from one node to another, be it through a hard link, another soft link, or through the title search box, the system creates (or strengthens) the bidirectional soft link between the two; however, some nodes—namely the special pages and the user profiles—will not display the soft links so created. By repeatedly moving from one node to another, users can and do deliberately create such soft links; some users will use these soft links to make anonymous comments on others' writing. The site's administrators have the ability to remove soft links at their discretion.


Firm links

Firm links are special, editor-created links that serve to redirect between nodes. Firm links are typically used to link multiple forms of a single name or title to aid searching and ensure that readers find the content that they are seeking. A typical use of firm links would be to permanently link the empty node titled 'U.S.A' to a node titled 'United States of America' that contained writeups about the topic.


Copyright policy

The copyright in a writeup rests with the author, and no agreement to any kind of license is entered into by writing on E2 (except for giving the site permission to publish). Authors retain the right to place their work in the public domain, to release it under a copyleft license such as one of those offered by the GNU project or Creative Commons, or to request the removal of their work from the site at some later date. Copyright symbol Copyright is a set of exclusive rights regulating the use of a particular expression of an idea or information. ... The reversed c in a full circle is the copyleft symbol. ... GNU (pronounced ) is a computer operating system composed entirely of free software. ... The Creative Commons (CC) is a non-profit organization devoted to expanding the range of creative work available for others legally to build upon and share. ...


For a long time, the posting of copyrighted song lyrics and poetry to the site without approval from the copyright holders, while certainly frowned upon, was not actually prohibited. E2 chose to only passively enforce copyright law, in a manner similar to an ISP (for which see OCILLA section 512(c)). This policy changed in August 2003 to a more active one where writeups containing copyrighted material had to either conform to fair use guidelines (length limits, proportion of quoted material to new text) or be posted with permission. ... For fair use in trademark law, see Fair use (US trademark law). ...


Rewards

The administrators loosely based E2's reward system on experience points (XP) found in role-playing games. Every time a user creates a writeup, he or she earns five XP. Users with at least 20 contributed writeups and 50 experience points can vote (up or down) on a writeup, which has a ⅓ chance of giving or taking an experience point from the author depending on the direction of the vote and a 1⁄3 chance of giving a point to the voter. After voting on a writeup, a noder can see the writeup's "reputation," or number of positive and negative votes (administrators do not need to vote to see a writeup's reputation). The site's editors delete writeups that do not meet editorial standards or those whose removal has been author-requested. The only effect writeup deletion has on the author's XPs is that 1 XP received for creating the writeup is removed. A user can view his or her own writeups that have been deleted through the Node Heaven feature. Experience points (often abbreviated as exp or xp) are a representation of a characters advancement and improvement in skills in role-playing games and computer role-playing games. ... This article is about games in which one plays the role of a character. ...


New levels are attained by reaching a predefined, but arbitrary total of XPs and writeups, which are given in the FAQ.[3] An 'honor roll' further rewards users whose writeups have a 'reputation' that has achieved a high interquartile mean by lowering the writeups required to achieve any given level by up to a half. The interquartile mean (IQM) is a statistical measure of central tendency, much like the mean (in more popular terms called the average), the median, and the mode. ...


The system grants special powers at other levels of writeups and experience, such as "cool" (reward author with ten XPs and send the writeup to the front page), the ability to create basic chat rooms on the site, space for uploading a picture to a user's "homenode", and the ability to hide one's self in the list of logged-in users. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Messaging

Everything2 provides two communication tools: the Chatterbox and the message system.


The Chatterbox is similar to a chat room. It appears as a panel on the right side of the page that logged-in users can use to read conversations and participate in them. The site's administrators used to have the ability to "borg"—prevent from using the Chatterbox or message system—those users whose behavior violated the unwritten standards of politeness and decorum. This was done through a bot called EDB (short for "Everything Death Borg"), which announced when it has "swallowed" a user. These silencings lasted for five minutes, though persistent trolls were silenced for a longer period -- sometimes permanently. As of 2003, the EDB was no longer much used, only making mostly token appearances for humorous effect. Noders who consistently cause trouble (usually by trolling) can be silenced permanently and can be forbidden from noding altogether, though this is rarely done. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Internet bots, also known as web robots, WWW robots or simply bots, are software applications that run automated tasks over the internet. ... A Do not feed the troll image In Internet terminology, a troll is someone who comes into an established community such as an online discussion forum, and posts inflammatory, rude, repetitive or offensive messages designed intentionally to annoy or antagonize the existing members or disrupt the flow of discussion, including... Trolling is a concept usually involving attempting to get some entity to do something that is not in its own best interest. ...


The message system lets users send private messages to other users. The messages are stored in the user's mailbox to be read when he or she next logs in. The main use for the message system is giving constructive criticism to the author of a writeup; however, it can be and is used like any medium of private communication. Messages received can be archived or deleted at the receiver's discretion.


History and community

The predecessor of E2 was a similar database called Everything (later labeled "Everything1" or "E1") which was started around March 1998 by Nate Oostendorp and was initially closely aligned with and promoted by Slashdot, even sharing (at the time) some administrators. The E2 software offered vastly more features, and the Everything1 data was twice incorporated into E2: once on November 13, 1999, and again in January of 2000. Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Slashdot, often abbreviated as /., is a science, science fiction, and technology-related news website owned by SourceForge, Inc. ... is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Everything2 server used to be physically located with the Slashdot servers. However, some time after OSDN acquired Slashdot, and moved the Slashdot servers, this hosting was terminated on short notice. This resulted in Everything2 being offline from roughly November 6 to December 9, 2003. Everything2 has since been hosted by the University of Michigan. As the Everything2 site put it on October 2, 2006: The Open Source Technology Group (OSTG) describes itself as a news, collaboration and distribution community for IT and Open Source development, implementation and innovation. ... November 6 is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... December 9 is the 343rd day of the year (344th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 2003 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (UM, U of M or U-M) is a coeducational public research university in the state of Michigan, and one of the foremost universities in the United States. ...

Now, we have an arrangement with the University of Michigan, located in Ann Arbor. We exist thanks to their generosity (which is motivated by their academic curiosity, I suppose). They gave us some servers and act as our ISP, free of charge, and all they ask in exchange is that we not display advertisements.[4]

The Everything2 servers were moved to the nearby Michigan State University in February 2007. Michigan State University (MSU) is a co-educational public research university in East Lansing, Michigan USA. Founded in 1855, it was the pioneer land-grant institution and served as a model for future land-grant colleges in the United States under the 1862 Morrill Act. ...


E2 is privately owned by the Blockstackers Intergalactic company, but does not make a profit and is viewed by its long-term users as a collaborative work-in-progress, though it does accept monetary donations and has accepted computer hardware donations in the past. Some of its administrators are affiliated with Blockstackers, some are not. Administrators are often criticized for making policy decisions without consulting Everything2's user base, and the site is not a democracy, but the degree to which users influence decisions depends on the nature of the decisions and the administrators making them.


Writeups in E1 were limited to 512 bytes in size. This, plus the predominantly "geek" membership back then and the lack of chat facilities, meant the early work was often of poor quality and was filled with self-referential humor. As E2 has expanded, stricter quality standards have developed, much of the old material has been removed, and the membership has become broader. Many noders prefer to write encyclopedic articles similar to those on Wikipedia (and indeed some actively contribute to both E2 and Wikipedia). Some write fiction or poetry, some discuss issues, and some write daily journals, called "daylogs." Unlike Wikipedia, E2 does not have an enforced neutral point of view. An informal survey of noder political beliefs[5] indicates that the user base tends to lean left politically. There are conservative voices as well, however, and while debate nodes (of any kind, political or not) are rarely tolerated, well-formed points of view from any part of the political or cultural spectrum are welcome. In computer science a byte is a unit of measurement of information storage, most often consisting of eight bits. ... An in joke is a joke whose humour is clear only to those people who are in a group that has some prior knowledge (not known by the whole population) that makes the joke humorous. ... Wikipedia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... It is proposed that this article be deleted, because of the following concern: Limited information sources, article is object for nothing but original research If you can address this concern by improving, copyediting, sourcing, renaming or merging the page, please edit this page and do so. ... “Leftism” redirects here. ...


Like other online communities, E2 has a social hierarchy and code of behavior, to which it is sometimes difficult for a newcomer to adjust. Moreover, some people complain that new users are held to a different standard from established contributors, and that their writeups are singled out for deletion regardless of content. Another complaint is that all too often, site administrators remove articles that they do not agree with or which they do not see explicit value in, thus biasing the content of the database. Others dismiss such complaints as unjustified; they observe that few communities treat newcomers exactly like long-time members, and they claim that those who learn and obey the rules are usually—though not always—treated fairly.


There is no consistent, written site policy on acceptable behavior, although the usual intolerance for trolling or hatemongering remains, as is the case with most web-based communities. Bans have occurred for antisocial and/or insulting behaviour[citation needed], albeit very rarely and only after a more personal approach to change the individual's behavior. Though these decisions are broadly accepted, some current and ex-members of the site believe that this amounts to mismanagement, and point to accumulation of disgruntled ex-users as evidence of a problem.


Rarely, a noder will request their E2 account be locked, preventing them from logging in. The causes for this are equally as varied as the causes for disruptive noders being forcibly locked out, and happens about as often.


Everything2 solicits donations and states that the accumulated funds are earmarked for bandwidth and colocation costs, but does not disclose the specific details of how these donations are spent. This policy has met criticism due to concerns that the donations may be mishandled, but major upgrades and a server move in 2007 suggests that donations to the site are treated appropriately by the administration.[citation needed]


Some of the management regard Everything2 as a publication, to which authors submit content. Although Everything2 does not seek to become an encyclopedia (even though the contents of Webster's 1913 dictionary have been assimilated into the database, their antiquity doesn't earn them any special regard), a substantial amount of factual content has been submitted to Everything2. This article or section includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... 1888 advertisement for Websters Dictionary Websters Dictionary is the common title given to English language dictionaries in the United States, derived from American lexicographer Noah Webster. ...


Policy states that "Everything2 is not a bulletin board." Writeups which exist as replies to other writeups, or which add a minor point to them or which otherwise do not stand well alone are discouraged, not least because the deletion of the original writeup orphans any replies. This policy helps to moderate flame wars on controversial topics. This article is about the Internet meaning of the word flaming. For other meanings, and meanings of the word flame, see Flame. ...


Everything2 is not a wiki, and there is no direct way for non-content editors to make corrections or amendments to another author's article. Avenues for correction involve discussing the writeup with its author; petitioning a content editor; adding a note in a special "broken nodes" section; or superseding the original writeup with an original, stand-alone follow-up. Look up Wiki in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Media coverage

In 2001, The New York Times cited E2 as an example of an emerging class of autonomous, self-organizing sites.[6] In 2003, Guardian Unlimited listed E2 as one of the best collaborative encyclopedias on the Web.[7] E2 was nominated for a 2004 Webby Award for Technical Achievement.[8] The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City by Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. ... Front page of Guardian Unlimited from August 16, 2005 Guardian Unlimited is a British website owned by the Guardian Media Group. ... Presented by The International Academy of Digital Arts and Sciences, the Webby Awards are a set of awards presented to the worlds best websites. The awards have been given out since 1996. ...


Software

E2 is run by the open source Everything Engine, a Perl-based system; its data is stored in a MySQL database. Open source refers to projects that are open to the public and which draw on other projects that are freely available to the general public. ... The Everything Engine is an open source content management system written in Perl. ... Wikibooks has a book on the topic of Perl Programming Perl is a dynamic programming language created by Larry Wall and first released in 1987. ... MySQL (pronounced ) is a multithreaded, multi-user SQL database management system (DBMS)[1] which has, according to MySQL AB, more than 10 million installations. ...


See also

The idea to build a free encyclopedia using the Internet can be traced at least to the 1993 Interpedia proposal; it was planned as an encyclopedia on the Internet to which everyone could contribute materials. ...

References

  1. ^ The next generation of online encyclopedias Mark Frauenfelder
  2. ^ Pipe links and three-dimensionality@Everything2.com
  3. ^ Voting/Experience System@Everything2.com
  4. ^ E2 FAQ: How come the site goes down so much?. Everything2. Retrieved on 2006-11-25.
  5. ^ E2 political compass@Everything2.com
  6. ^ Hafner, Katie. "Web Sites Begin to Get Organized, on Their Own", The New York Times, January 18, 2001. 
  7. ^ "Six of the best", Guardian Unlimited, June 12, 2003. Retrieved on 2006-07-29. 
  8. ^ Webby Awards 2004. The Webby Awards. Retrieved on 2006-07-29.

For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 29 is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 29 is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Everything2.com home page
  • Who owns our writeups?@Everything2.com
  • Wikipedia@Everything2.com
  • Everything2 is not Wikipedia@Everything2.com

  Results from FactBites:
 
Everything2 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1986 words)
Everything2 solicits donations and states that the accumulated funds are earmarked for bandwidth and colocation costs, but does not disclose the specific details of how these donations are spent.
Although Everything2 does not seek to become an encyclopedia (even though the contents of Webster's 1913 dictionary have been assimilated into the database), a substantial amount of factual content has been submitted to Everything2.
Everything2 is not a wiki, and there is no direct way for non-content editors to make corrections or amendments to another author's article.
Everything2 - definition of Everything2 in Encyclopedia (2068 words)
Everything2 is privately owned, and though the long-term users of Everything2 view it as a collaborative work-in-progress, the owners do not usually consult Everything2's user base prior to policy decisions (see "Controversy" below).
Although Everything2 does not seek to become an encyclopedia (even though the contents of Webster's 1913 dictionary have been assimilated into the database), a substantial amount of factual content has been submitted to Everything2, which is therefore accumulating a substantial body of good material.
On all topics it is possible, even encouraged, for Everything2 to have several articles ("writeups") under the same title ("node"), by different authors, presenting different points of view (though not simply arguing).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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