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Encyclopedia > Evangelical and Reformed Church

The Evangelical and Reformed Church was an American Protestant denomination formed by the merger (1934) of the Reformed Church in the United States and the Evangelical Synod of North America. Both of these bodies had originated in the Reformation in Europe. Their churches in America were established by immigrants from Germany and Switzerland. The Reformed Church in the United States, long known as the German Reformed Church, organized its first synod in 1747 and adopted a constitution in 1793. The Evangelical Synod of North America (not to be confused with the Evangelical Church, which merged in 1946 with the United Brethren in Christ to form the Evangelical United Brethren Church) was founded in 1840 at Gravois Settlement, Mo., by a union of Reformed and Lutheran Christians. In its early years it was known as the German Evangelical Church Association of the West. The Evangelical and Reformed Church was presbyterian in organization, and its creed is the Heidelberg and Luther’s catechisms and the Augsburg Confession; great latitude in interpretation was allowed, however, with greater emphasis leaning toward deed rather than creed. The church maintained educational institutions and foreign missions. Affiliated educational institutions included the Lancaster Theological Seminary, Franklin and Marshall College, and Ursinus College. In 1957 the Evangelical and Reformed Church united with the Congregational Christian Churches to form the United Church of Christ.


Source: The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05. Tom Harwick 7/10/06


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Evangelical and Reformed Church - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (270 words)
The Evangelical and Reformed Church was an American Protestant denomination formed in 1934 by the merger of the Reformed Church in the United States with the Evangelical Synod of North America.
The Evangelical Synod of North America (not to be confused with the Evangelical Church, which merged in 1946 with the United Brethren in Christ to form the Evangelical United Brethren Church) was founded in 1840 at Gravois Settlement, Mo., by a union of Reformed and Lutheran Christians.
The Evangelical and Reformed Church was presbyterian in organization, and its creed is the Heidelberg and Luther’s catechisms and the Augsburg Confession; great latitude in interpretation was allowed, however, with greater emphasis leaning toward deed rather than creed.
Our History (1271 words)
The present-day Reformed Church in the United States (RCUS) is the continuing remnant of the German immigrant denomination of the same name which was founded in 1725 by the Rev. John Philip Boehm.
The Eureka Classis was established in 1910 by churches that were already concerned with the rising tide of liberalism in the Eastern Synod, the seminaries and bureaucracy of the church.
Because Reformed churches hold that unity in truth is the basis of all other unity (2 John 10), they form close-knit denominational fellowships and establish ecumenical connections with other Reformed bodies holding similar creeds.
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