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Encyclopedia > Evangelical Church in Germany

Evangelical Church in Germany (German Evangelische Kirche in Deutschland, abbreviated as EKD) is a federation of 23 regional Lutheran, Reformed and United Protestant churches[1]. In fact only one member church (the Protestant Reformed Church) is not restricted to a certain territory. In a certain way the other member churches (Gliedkirchen) resemble dioceses of the Anglican or Catholic Church from an organisational point of view. However, the member churches of the EKD are independent with their own theological and formal organization. Most member churches are led by a (state) bishop. One of the regional leaders is elected Council Chairman (Ratsvorsitzender) of the EKD by the Synod and Church Conference. The Lutheran movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity by the original definition. ... -1... United and uniting churches are churches that bring together (or unite) different (predominantly) Protestant denominations in one organisation. ... The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      This article is about a title...

Contents

Membership

Most member churches of the EKD are either Lutheran or "United" (Lutheran-Reformed). Only two member churches are Reformed churches (the Evangelical Reformed Church and the State Church of Lippe). A Lutheran-Reformed Church is a Protestant Church, that has came into existence from a merger of Lutheran and Reformed Churches. ...


In Northern and Eastern Germany, the major religion is Protestantism, the Reformed branch in the extreme northwest, and the Lutheran branch in most of the rest. Most EKD churches are located in these areas. While the majority of Christians in Western and Southern Germany are Roman Catholic, there are some mainly Protestant areas as well, e.g. in the state of Baden-Württemberg. Protestantism encompasses the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated with the doctrines of the Reformation. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      Calvinism is a theological... The Lutheran movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity by the original definition. ... “Catholic Church” redirects here. ... Location Coordinates , , Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE1 Capital Stuttgart Minister-President Günther Oettinger (CDU) Governing parties CDU / FDP Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  35,752 km² (13,804 sq mi) Population 10,741,000 (11/2006)[1]  - Density...


The vast majority of German Protestants (30.8 %[2] of the overall German population) belong to a member church of the EKD. Important Protestant denominations that are not part of the Evangelical Church in Germany include the Evangelical Methodist Church (about 62,000 members), the Independent Evangelical-Lutheran Church (SELK, about 37,000 members), Baptists organized in the Bund evangelisch-freikirchlicher Gemeinden (Union of Protestant Free-Churches, about 85,000 members), the Union of Pentecostal Free-Churches (40,000 or 100,000 members, depending on the source), and the New Apostolic Church (350,000 members). The United Methodist Church is the largest Methodist denomination. ... The Independent Evangelical-Lutheran Church (German: Selbständige Evangelisch-Lutherische Kirche, or SELK) is a confessional Lutheran church body of Germany which is in fellowship with the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod of North America, and a member of the International Lutheran Council (ILC). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


The Evangelical Church in Germany maintains full communion relationships with member churches of the Lutheran World Federation, the Episcopal Church, the Moravian Church in America, the Presbyterian Church (USA), the Reformed Church in America, and the United Church of Christ. LWF logo The Lutheran World Federation (LWF) is a global association of national and regional Lutheran churches headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. ... This article is about the Episcopal Church in the United States. ... A Moravian is a Protestant belonging to a religious movement that originated in Moravia, Czech Republic. ... Emblem of the PC(USA) The Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) or PC(USA) is a mainline Protestant Christian denomination in the United States. ... The Reformed Church in America (RCA) is a mainline Reformed Protestant denomination that was formerly known as the Dutch Reformed Church. ... Disambiguation: This article is about the United States denomination known as United Church of Christ. ...


Ordination of women is practiced in all 23 churches within the Evangelical Church in Germany, and many women have been ordained during recent years. There are also several female bishops. Blessing of same-sex unions is practiced in some churches within the Evangelical Church in Germany. In general religious use, ordination is the process by which one is consecrated (set apart for the undivided administration of various religious rites). ... The blessing of same-sex unions is a practice officially sanctioned in some parishes of the Anglican Church of Canada and the Episcopal Church in the USA. It is also, according to the current Anglican Primate of Canada, widely practised in parishes of other churches of the Anglican Communion, without...


Bishop Dr. Wolfgang Huber has been Chairman of the Council of the EKD since 2003. He is the bishop of the Evangelical Church in Berlin-Brandenburg-Silesian Upper Lusatia. Wolfgang Huber (August 12, 1942) is the current bishop of Evangelical Church of Berlin-Brandenburg-Silesian Upper Lusatia. ...


History

Until the end of the first world war the Lutheran churches in Germany were closely tied to the monarchies in the German states. The expression Landeskirche (State Church) originally meant that it was the official Protestant church of the respective German state. Often these were established churches with the local Prince, Duke, Grand Duke, or King (e.g. the King of Prussia) as formal head of church (like the Queen in the Church of England). This changed somewhat with growing religious freedom in the 19th century, but the greatest change came when Germany became a republic in 1918 and the princes of the German states abdicated. The churches nevertheless are still called Landeskirchen. Most have this term in their official names. Maybe a more modern English translation would be regional church. Apart from some minor changes, the territories of the different member churches today reflect Germany's political organisation in the year 1848, with state churches of states or provinces that don't exist any more. (The Prussian church in 1947 split into provincial churches for each Prussian province because the state of Prussia was dissolved according to the Treaty of Potsdam). For other uses, see Prussia (disambiguation). ... The Church of England logo since 1998 The Church of England is the officially established Christian church[1] in England, and acts as the mother and senior branch of the worldwide Anglican Communion, as well as a founding member of the Porvoo Communion. ... The Potsdam Agreement, or the Potsdam Proclamation, was an agreement on policy for the occupation and reconstruction of Germany and other nations after fighting in the European Theatre of World War II had ended with the German surrender of May 8, 1945. ...


After the defeat of Germany in 1918 a republic was established and the ties between state and church were broken. In 1948 the Lutheran churches, the Reformed churches and the United Churches came together as the Evangelical Church in Germany, at the Conference of Eisenach. In 1969 the churches in the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) broke away from the EKD and formed the Bund der Evangelischen Kirchen in der DDR (the League of Evangelical Churches in the German Democratic Republic). In June 1991, following German unification, the BEK merged with the EKD.


Federative principles

German Protestant church structures are based on federal principles at all levels. Each local church is responsible for Christian life in its own area, while each regional church has its own special characteristics and retains its independence. The Church carries out joint tasks with which its members have entrusted it. Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is...


Central governing bodies

The Church has the following governing bodies, all organised and elected on democratic lines:

  • Synod
  • Council of the EKD
  • Church Conference (permanent body)

They are responsible for fulfilling the Church's tasks as laid down in its constitution. A synod (also known as a council) is a council of a church, usually a Christian church, convened to decide an issue of doctrine, administration or application. ... A committee is a (relatively) small group that can serve one of several functions: Governance: in organizations too large for all the members to participate in decisions affecting the organization as a whole, a committee (such as a Board of Directors) is given the power to make decisions. ...


The 23 member churches

Evangelical Church of Bremen is the most important united protestant denomination in the German state of Bremen. ... The Protestant Lutheran State Church of Brunswick or Evangelical Lutheran State Church of Brunswick is a Protestant church in the German states of Lower Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt. ... The Evangelical Church of Hanover is a Protestant church in the German state of Lower Saxony. ... The Evangelical Luthern Church of Mecklenburg (abbr. ... North Elbian Evangelical Church is a Lutheran church in Germany. ... Evangelical Lutheran Church of Oldenburg is a liberal protestant church in the German state of Lower Saxony. ... The Pomeranian Evangelical Church (abbr. ... The Evangelical Reformed Church – Synod of Reformed Churches in Bavaria and Northwestern Germany (Evangelisch-reformierte Kirche – Synode evangelisch-reformierter Kirchen in Bayern und Nordwestdeutschland) is one of 23 member churches (regional churches) of the Evangelical Church in Germany (EKD). ... Evangelical Church of Berlin-Brandenburg-Silesian Upper Lusatia is a liberal, united protestant church in the German state of Brandenburg, Berlin and a part of Saxony. ... Evangelical Church in Hesse and Nassau (EKHN) is a protestant, liberal church in the German state of Hesse. ... Protestant Church of the Palatinate is a Protestant church in parts of German state of Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland. ... Evangelical Church in the Rhineland is a liberal/mainline, united protestant church in parts of German state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland . ... Protestant Church of the Church Province of Saxony is the most important united protestant denomination in the German state of Saxony-Anhalt. ... Evangelical Church in Thuringia is a member church of Evangelical Church in Germany. ... The Protestant Church of Westphalia or Evangelical Church of Westphalia is a Protestant church in the German state of Northrhine-Westphalia. ... The Evangelical Lutheran Church in Bavaria is a Protestant church in the German state of Bavaria. ...

Independent organisations of member churches in the EKD

  • VELKD: Vereinigte Evangelisch-Lutherische Kirche Deutschlands (United Evangelical Lutheran Church of Germany)
  • UEK: Union Evangelischer Kirchen (Union Evangelical Churches in Germany)
  • Confederation of evangelical churches in Lower Saxony
  • Confederation of evangelical churches in Mitteldeutschland (EKM)

The United Evangelical Lutheran Church of Germany (German: Vereinigte Evangelisch-Lutherische Kirche Deutschlands) was founded on July 8, 1948 in Eisenach, Germany. ... Union Evangelischer Kirchen (UEK) is a organisation of 13 united and reformed evangelical churches in Germany, which are all member churches of the german EKD. // Evangelical Church of Anhalt: Evangelische Landeskirche Anhalts Evangelical Church in Baden: Evangelische Landeskirche in Baden Evangelical Church of Berlin-Brandenburg-Silesian Upper Lusatia: Evangelische Kirche...

Institutes and important offices of the EKD

  • Brot für die Welt, Stuttgart (counterpart to Bread for the World)
  • Diakonisches Werk (DW), Stuttgart
  • Diakonie Katastrophenhilfe, Stuttgart
  • Evangelischer Entwicklungsdienst (EED), Bonn
  • Evangelisches Missionswerk in Deutschland e.V. (EMW)
  • Gemeinschaftswerk der Evangelischen Publizistik gGmbH (GEP), Frankfurt am Main
  • Evangelisches Zentralarchiv, Berlin
  • Kirchenrechtliches Institut der EKD, Göttingen
  • Evangelische Zentralstelle für Weltanschauungsfragen (EZW),Berlin
  • Konfessionskundliches Institut (KI)
  • Institut für Kirchenbau und kirchliche Kunst der Gegenwart, Marburg
  • Sozialwissenschaftliches Institut der EKD (SI), Hanover
  • Evangelische Schulstiftung in der EKD
  • Evangelische Arbeitsstelle Fernstudium für kirchliche Dienste, Gelnhausen
  • Gemeinsame Arbeitsstelle für gottesdienstliche Fragen der EKD, Hanover
  • Burckhardthaus, Evangelisches Institut für Jugend-, Kultur- und Sozialarbeit e.V.
  • Frauenstudien- und -bildungszentrum der Evangelischen Kirche in Deutschland, Gelnhausen
  • Aussiedlerseelsorge in der EKD, Hanover
  • Informations- und Dokumentationsstelle der EKD
  • Kirchlicher Dienst in der Arbeitswelt
  • Arbeitsgemeinschaft Missionarische Dienste
  • Zirkus- und Schaustellerseelsorge, Hanover
  • Evangelisches Studienwerk e.V. Villigst

, City Center seen from Weinsteige Road Castle Solitude The 1956 TV Tower The Weissenhof Estate in 1927 Stuttgart (IPA: []) is the capital of the state of Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. ... Bread for the World is a non-profit organization devoted to encouraging public policy decisions aimed at alleviating global hunger. ... Göttingen marketplace with old city hall, Gänseliesel fountain and pedestrian zone Göttingen ( ) is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... , Marburg is a city in Hesse, Germany, on the Lahn river. ... , Hanover(i) (German: , IPA: ), on the river Leine, is the capital of the federal state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany. ... Gelnhausen is a city in the German state of Hesse. ...

Note on the term Evangelical in German usage

The German term evangelisch more accurately corresponds to the broad English term Protestant rather than to the narrower Evangelical (in German called evangelikal), although the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America and the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Canada use the term in the same way as the German church. Literally, evangelisch means "of the Gospel", denoting a Reformation emphasis on sola scriptura, "scripture alone". The church described in this article is a federation of different, mostly mainstream Protestant churches, rather than one evangelical church. It can thus be considered a united church. Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The word evangelicalism often refers to... The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) is a mainline Protestant denomination headquartered in Chicago, Illinois. ... The Evangelical Lutheran Church in Canada (ELCIC) (French: Eglise Evangelique Lutherienne au Canada) is Canadas largest Lutheran denomination, with 182,077 baptized members in 624 congregations. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      This article is about theological concept. ... United and uniting churches are churches that bring together (or unite) different (predominantly) Protestant denominations in one organisation. ...


See also

The Protestant Reich Church was formed by Adolf Hitler in 1933, by merging 29 regional churches into one church. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Deutscher Evangelischer Kirchentag (German for German Protestant Church Day) is a movement of lay members of the Evangelical Church in Germany. ...

External link


  Results from FactBites:
 
Evangelical Church in Germany (255 words)
The doctrines of the Evangelical Church in Germany are principally derived from the Augsburg Confession.
In 1948 the Lutheran churches, the Reformed churches and the United Churches were united in the Evangelische Kirche Deutschland (the Evangelical Church of Germany) at the Conference of Eisenach.
In 1969 the churches in the German Democratic Republic broke away from the EKD and formed the Bund der Evanglischen Kirchen in der DDR (the League of Evangelical Churches in the German Democratic Republic).
The Lutheran World Federation - Tenth Assembly (261 words)
The newly-elected LWF President, Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) Presiding Bishop Mark S. Hanson, expressed profound gratitude to his predecessor, Bishop em.
The Rev. Mark S. Hanson, Presiding Bishop of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA), was elected President of the Lutheran World Federation (LWF) on Saturday, 26 July 2003.
From 21 to 31 July 2003, delegates from the Lutheran World Federation (LWF) member churches gathered in Winnipeg, Canada, for the LWF Tenth Assembly, hosted by the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Canada (ELCIC).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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