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Encyclopedia > Evan Parker
Evan Parker

Background information
Birth name Evan Shaw Parker
Born 5 April 1944
Origin Flag of United Kingdom Bristol, South West, England
Genre(s) Jazz
Occupation(s) Saxophonist
Instrument(s) Saxophone
Associated
acts
Irene Schweizer, Cecil Taylor, Anthony Braxton

Evan Shaw Parker (born 5 April 1944 in Bristol) is a British free-improvising saxophone player from the European free jazz scene. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 379 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1345 × 2126 pixel, file size: 1. ... April 5 is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... This article is about the English city. ... South West England is one of the regions of England. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Unified  -  by Athelstan 927 AD  Area  -  Total 130... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... A saxophonist is a musician who plays the saxophone. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... The saxophone (colloquially referred to as sax) is a conical-bored instrument of the woodwind family, usually made of brass and played with a single-reed mouthpiece like the clarinet. ... Irène Schweizer is a notable Swiss jazz pianist. ... Cecil Percival Taylor (born March 15 or March 25, 1929 in New York City) is an American pianist and poet. ... Anthony Braxton (born June 4, 1945) is an American composer, multi-reedist and pianist. ... April 5 is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Free improvisation or free music is improvised music without any rules beyond the taste or inclination of the musician(s) involved; in many cases the musicians make an active effort to avoiding overt references to recognizable musical genres. ... The saxophone (colloquially referred to as sax) is a conical-bored instrument of the woodwind family, usually made of brass and played with a single-reed mouthpiece like the clarinet. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...

Contents

Influences

His original inspiration was Paul Desmond, and in recent years the influence of cool jazz saxophone players has again become apparent in his music — there are tributes to Warne Marsh and Lee Konitz on Time Will Tell (ECM, 1993) and Chicago Solo (Okkadisk, 1997). Paul Desmond (25 November 1924 - 30 May 1977), born Paul Emil Breitenfeld, was a jazz alto saxophonist and composer born in San Francisco, perhaps best known for penning Take Five as a member of the Dave Brubeck Quartet. ... CD reissue of Daviss 1957 LP Birth of the Cool, collecting much of his 1949 to 1950 work. ... Warne Marsh (26 October 1927 - 17 December 1987) was an American saxophonist born in Los Angeles. ... Lee Konitz (born 1927 in Chicago, Illinois) is an American jazz composer and saxophone player. ...


Later work

However, Parker is probably better known for his 1960s work, which rapidly assimilated the American avantgarde — John Coltrane, Pharoah Sanders, Albert Ayler and others — and forged his own, instantly identifiable style. His music of the 1960s and 1970s is harsh, raw and unsettling, involving fluttering, swirling lines that have shape rather than tangible melodic content; sometimes he makes use of pure sound in a manner that recalls Steve Lacy's more radical 1970s recordings or the work of some AACM members. He began to develop methods of rapidly layering harmonics and false notes to create dense contrapuntal weaves; these involved experiments with plastic reeds, circular breathing and rapid tonguing which initially were so intense that he would find blood dripping onto the floor from the saxophone. He also became a member of the important big band, The Brotherhood of Breath. John William Coltrane (September 23, 1926 – July 17, 1967), nicknamed Trane, was an American jazz saxophonist and composer. ... Reggie Workman, Pharoah Sanders, and Idris Muhammad, c. ... Albert Ayler (July 13, 1936–November 1970) was an American jazz saxophonist, singer and composer. ... Allen|Henry Red Allen]], George Pops Foster and Zutty Singleton and then with Kansas City jazz players like Buck Clayton, Dicky Wells, and Jimmy Rushing before jumping into the heart of the avant-garde by performing on the debut album of Cecil Taylor, appearing with Taylors groundbreaking quartet at... In music, counterpoint is the relationship between two or more voices that are independent in contour and rhythm, and interdependent in harmony. ... Circular breathing is a special technique utilized by players of some wind instruments used to produce a continuous tone without break, accomplished by the use of the cheeks as a reservoir of air while breathing through the nose rather than the mouth. ... The Brotherhood of Breath was a big-band created by Chris McGregor at the end of the 1960s, essentially an extension of McGregors previous band The Blue Notes. ...


Later recordings are equally impressive but rather less thorny, sometimes rather formulaic, as Parker's style became less open to change; but an Evan Parker recording is still always something to contend with, and some of his recent discs, such as America 2003, are as gripping and satisfying as any of his earlier recordings.


Recordings

He has recorded countless albums solo or as a group leader, and has recorded or performed with Peter Brötzmann (including Brötzmann's epochal Machine Gun in 1968), John Stevens, Derek Bailey, Keith Rowe, Joe McPhee, Anthony Braxton, Cecil Taylor, and many others. Two key associations have been pianist Alexander von Schlippenbach's trio with Parker and drummer Paul Lovens (including the classic early recording Pakistani Pomade and the more recent Elf Bagatellen) and a trio with bassist Barry Guy and drummer Paul Lytton. On Parker's 50th birthday, these two bands played a set apiece at a London concert; the results were issued by Leo Records as 50th Birthday Concert, a recording that is one of the highlights of Parker's (massive) oeuvre and remains a useful introduction to his music. Peter Brötzmann (born March 6, 1941) is a German free jazz saxophonist. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1968 Gregorian calendar. ... John Stevens (June 10, 1940 - September 13, 1994) was a British drummer. ... Derek Bailey pictured at the Vortex Club, Stoke Newington, 1991. ... Keith Rowe (born March 16, 1940 in Plymouth, England) is an English free improvisation guitarist and painter. ... Empty Bottle, Chicago, November 4, 2004; photo courtesy Seth Tisue Joe McPhee (born November 3, 1939) is an American jazz multi-instrumentalist born in Miami, Florida, a player of tenor and soprano saxophone, the trumpet, flugelhorn and valve trombone. ... Anthony Braxton (born June 4, 1945) is an American composer, multi-reedist and pianist. ... Cecil Percival Taylor (born March 15 or March 25, 1929 in New York City) is an American pianist and poet. ... Alexander von Schlippenbach (* 1938 in Berlin) is a German jazz pianist and composer. ... Paul Lovens was born in Aachen, Germany, 6 June 1949. ... Barry Guy (born 1947 in London) is a British composer and performer on the double bass. ...


Parker is one of the few saxophone players for whom unaccompanied solo performance is a major part of his work. [1]


Parker, Bailey and the drummer Tony Oxley founded the Incus record label in 1970, which was one of the most important labels to document improvised music. (The label continued under Bailey's sole control, after a falling-out between the two men in the early 1980s.) Nowadays Parker curates the Psi record label, which is issued through Martin Davidson's Emanem records. He also performs monthly at London's Vortex Jazz Club. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Emanem is an independent record label specialising in free improvised music. ... The Dalston Culture House now houses the Vortex Jazz Club. ...


Though Parker's central focus is free improvisation, he has also occasionally appeared in more conventional jazz contexts, such as Charlie Watts's big band and Kenny Wheeler's ensembles, and participated in Gavin Bryars's recording After the Requiem, performing the composition "Alaric I or II" as part of a saxophone quartet. Charles Robert Charlie Watts (born 2 June 1941) is the drummer of The Rolling Stones. ... Kenneth Vincent John Wheeler (born 14th January 1930, Toronto, Canada) is a Canadian composer and trumpet and flugelhorn player, based in the U.K. since the 1950s. ...


Pop-music

He also has appeared in pop-music contexts: on Scott Walker's Climate of Hunter, and on dubesque albums with Jah Wobble, the adventurous drum n bass duo Spring Heel Jack and rock group Spiritualized. He has also increasingly become interested in electronics, usually through inviting collaborators such as Phil Wachsmann, Walter Prati, Joel Ryan or Lawrence Casserley to electronically process his playing in real time, creating a musical feedback loop or constantly shifting soundscape. He has also made notable appearances on record with Robert Wyatt. Scott Walker is the stage name of the American singer-songwriter Noel Scott Engel (born 9 January 1943 in Hamilton, Ohio). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Jah Wobble (born John Wardle, Stepney 1958) is an English bass guitarist, singer, poet and composer. ... Drum and bass (drum n bass, DnB) is an electronic music style. ... See also Spring Heeled Jack (Paranormal phenomena). ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Phil Wachsmann (born August 5, 1944) is an African avant-garde jazz/jazz fusion violinist born in Kampala, Uganda, probably better known for having founded his own group Chamberpot. ... Robert Wyatt (born Robert Wyatt-Ellidge, 28 January 1945, in Bristol) is an English musician, and a former member of the influential Canterbury scene band Soft Machine. ...


See also

Free improvisation or free music is improvised music without any rules beyond the taste or inclination of the musician(s) involved; in many cases the musicians make an active effort to avoiding overt references to recognizable musical genres. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Evan Parker (2113 words)
During this period Parker also worked in various of Tony Oxley's groups and it was in 1970 when he formed Incus Records with Bailey and Oxley, the hugely influential label that was one of the few ways of getting the music outside of the capital.
In 1968 Parker was a member of the Peter Brötzmann Octet that recorded Machine Gun and, apart from other work with Brötzmann he also spent some time in a quartet with Irène Schweizer, Peter Kowald and Pierre Favre.
This extensive article discusses, among other things, the relationship between improvisation and composition, and various saxophone techniques, including Parker's introduction to circular breathing; it was referred to as a key document by Steve Lake in his notes for the re-issue in 1999 of Monoceros.
Jazz | All About Jazz (484 words)
Evan Parker may be the most formidable saxophonist since John Coltrane.
Parker has developed the possibilities of unpremeditated music more deeply than almost anyone, creating a personal vocabulary that is simultaneously instantly recognizable and adaptable to the most varied of situations.
In the Sixties Parker began with the Spontaneous Music Ensemble that included guitarist Derek Bailey, trumpeter Kenny Wheeler, bassist Dave Holland, the legendary drummer John Stevens; all went on to be recognized as being among the foremost exponents of their instruments.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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