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Encyclopedia > Eva Duarte de Perón
Evita's image appeared on a wide variety of products, including stamps, coins, postcards and calendars. This 1954 postage stamp commemorated the second anniversary of her "passing into immortality".
Evita's image appeared on a wide variety of products, including stamps, coins, postcards and calendars. This 1954 postage stamp commemorated the second anniversary of her "passing into immortality".

María Eva Duarte de Perón (most commonly known by the affectionate diminutive Evita) (May 7, 1919 - July 26, 1952) was the First Lady of Argentina and the second wife of President Juan Perón (1895-1974). Evita Peron stamp This image of a postage stamp may be copyrighted and/or have other restrictions on its reproduction imposed by the issuing authority. ... May 7 - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... 1919 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... July 26 is the 207th day (208th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 158 days remaining. ... 1952 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... A First Lady is the female spouse of an elected male head of state such as a president or governor. ... Argentina is a country in southern South America, situated between the Andes in the west and the southern Atlantic Ocean in the east. ... Juan Domingo Perón ( October 8, 1895 – July 1, 1974) was an Argentine military officer and the President of Argentina from 1946 to 1955 and from 1973 to 1974. ... 1895 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1974 is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ...


She was born in Los Toldos, Argentina, one of five illegitimate but recognized children), and was raised in nearby Junín. At age 15, she travelled to Buenos Aires with a travelling musician, where she became a radio and film actress, acting in B-grade movie melodramas and Radio El Mundo soap operas. She eventually came to co-own the radio company and she was considered to be a talented radio actress. She met Colonel Juan Perón at a charity event to raise funds for the victims of San Juan earthquake. She and Perón married on October 21, 1945. Her impoverished roots and inclinations led her to assume the role of her husband's liaison with labor becoming a co-leader of the descamisados ("the shirtless"), the foundation for her husband's political support. Buenos Aires (Good Winds in Spanish, but more akin to Fair Winds, as in navigation) is the capital of Argentina and its largest city and port, as well as one of the largest cities in South America. ... Radio transmission diagram and electromagnetic waves Radio is a technology that allows the transmission of signals by modulation of electromagnetic waves with frequencies below those of light. ... For other uses see film (disambiguation) Film refers to the celluliod media on which movies are printed Film — also called movies, the cinema, the silver screen, moving pictures, photoplays, picture shows, flicks, or motion pictures, — is a field that encompasses motion pictures as an art form or as part of... Actors in period costume sharing a joke whilst waiting between takes during location filming. ... The term B-movie originally referred to a film designed to be distributed as the lower half of a double feature, often a genre film featuring cowboys, gangsters or vampires. ... The first TIME cover devoted to soap operas: Dated January 12, 1976, Bill Hayes and Susan Seaforth Hayes of Days of Our Lives are featured with the headline Soap Operas: Sex and suffering in the afternoon. A soap opera is an ongoing, episodic work of fiction, usually broadcast on television... Juan Domingo Perón ( October 8, 1895 – July 1, 1974) was an Argentine military officer and the President of Argentina from 1946 to 1955 and from 1973 to 1974. ... Charity is a term in Christian theology (one of the three virtues), meaning loving kindness towards others; it is held to be the ultimate perfection of the human spirit, because it is said to both glorify and reflect the nature of God. ... Categories: Argentina geography stubs | Argentine provinces ... October 21 is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 71 days remaining. ... 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...


She campaigned heavily for Perón during his 1946 presidential bid. Using her weekly radio show she delivered powerful speeches with heavy populist rhetoric urging the poor to rise up. Although she became quite wealthy from her radio and modeling successes, she would highlight her own humble upbringings as a way of showing solidarity with the impoverished classes. 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Populism is a political ideology or rhetorical style that holds that the common person is oppressed by the elite in society, which exists only to serve its own interests, and therefore, the instruments of the State need to be grasped from this self-serving elite and instead used for the...


After Perón was elected Evita immediately took a prominent political role in the government. She created the Eva Perón Foundation, an institution to assist the poor. It was incredibly popular and made valuable contributions to Argentine life. The hospitals and orphanages that the Foundation established endured long after Evita's own premature death. The Foundation also increased her political power within Argentina. Evita was the most influential figure in Argentina.


She became the center of a vast personality cult and her image and name soon appeared everywhere. Despite her dominance and political power, Evita was always careful to never undermine the important symbolic role of her husband. Though she was very much in control of the president's agenda, Evita was always careful to justify her actions by claiming they were "inspired" or "encouraged" by the wisdom and passion of Perón. Privately, however the marriage was often tense. The couple never had any children. Adolf Hitler built a strong cult of personality, based on the Führerprinzip. ...


Though Evita was worshipped by her working-class followers, she was bitterly hated by Argentina's wealthy class. They detested her humble roots. Many felt that as a woman she was far too active in politics. Evita herself referred to them disparagingly as "The Oligarchs."


In 1946 Evita went on a much-publicized "Rainbow Tour" of Europe, meeting with numerous Heads of State. It was aimed at being a massive public relations coup for the Perón regime, which in the world was increasingly being viewed as fascist. She was well-received in Spain, where she visited the tombs of Spain's first absolutist monarchs - Ferdinand and Isabella and handed 100-peseta notes to every poor child she met on her journey. She also met with the Pope in Rome and went to Paris. 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Public relations (PR) is the practice of conveying messages to the public through the media on behalf of a client, with the intention of changing the publics actions by influencing their opinions. ... Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler Fascism (in Italian, fascismo), capitalized, refers to the right-wing authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ... The Kingdom of Spain or Spain ( Spanish: Reino de España or España; Catalan: Regne dEspanya; Basque: Espainiako Erresuma; Galician: Reino da España) is a country located in the southwest of Europe. ... Ferdinand II of Aragon (Fernando de Aragón in Spanish and Ferran dAragó in Catalan), nicknamed the Catholic (March 10, 1452 – June 23, 1516) was king of Aragon, Castile, Sicily, Naples and Navarre and Count of Barcelona. ... Isabella of Castile (Spanish: Ysabel, Isabel or Isabela) (22 April 1451 - 26 November 1504) was queen of Castile. ... The Roman Colosseum Rome (Italian and Latin Roma) is the capital city of Italy, and of its Lazio region. ... The Eiffel Tower has become the symbol of Paris throughout the world. ...

Eva and Juan Perón with a crowd of supporters (note their portraits in the background).
Eva and Juan Perón with a crowd of supporters (note their portraits in the background).

Eventually Evita sought to formalize her power by seeking the vice-presidency in 1951. This move angered many military leaders who despised Evita and her increasing powers within the government. Under heavy pressure, Juan eventually withdrew Evita's nomination from the post. Eva Peron with crowd- no copyright File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...


Like her husband's first wife, Eva Perón died of cancer, at the age of 33. Her body was embalmed and kept on display until a military coup overthrew her husband in 1955. Her body was then flown to Milan, Italy, and buried. Sixteen years later, in 1971, the body was exhumed and flown to Spain. Her husband returned from exile to Argentina as president. He died there in 1974, and Eva's body was returned to Argentina and (briefly) displayed beside his. She was reburied in the Duarte family tomb in La Recoleta Cemetery, Buenos Aires. When normal cells are damaged or old they undergo apoptosis; cancer cells, however, avoid apoptosis. ... A coup détat, or simply a coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government, usually done by a small group that just replaces the top power figures. ... 1955 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... This is about the Italian city of Milan. ... 1971 is a common year starting on Friday (click for link to calendar). ... The Kingdom of Spain or Spain ( Spanish: Reino de España or España; Catalan: Regne dEspanya; Basque: Espainiako Erresuma; Galician: Reino da España) is a country located in the southwest of Europe. ... 1974 is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ... La Recoleta Cemetery is a famous cemetery located in the Recoleta district of Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... Buenos Aires (Good Winds in Spanish, but more akin to Fair Winds, as in navigation) is the capital of Argentina and its largest city and port, as well as one of the largest cities in South America. ...


Her life and career are dramatized in the popular musical, Evita, Musical theater (or theatre) is a form of theater combining music, songs, dance, and spoken dialogue. ... Madonna as Evita in the 1996 movie adaptation of the musical Evita is a musical/rock opera by Tim Rice and Andrew Lloyd Webber, based on the life of Eva Perón. ...


External link

  • Evita Peron Historical Foundation (http://www.evitaperon.org/)

 
 

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