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Encyclopedia > Eva Braun
Eva Braun

Eva Braun and Adolf Hitler (right) on the veranda of the Berghof.
Born Eva Anna Paula Braun
February 6, 1912
Munich, Germany
Died April 30, 1945 (aged 33)
Berlin, Germany
Suicide
Other names Eva Hitler
Spouse Adolf Hitler

Eva Anna Paula Braun, died Eva Anna Paula Hitler[1] (February 6, 1912April 30, 1945) was the longtime companion of Adolf Hitler and briefly his wife. Image File history File links Eva_berghof. ... Hitler redirects here. ... Haus Wachenfeld during its conversion into the Berghof The Berghof was Adolf Hitlers home in the Obersalzberg of the Bavarian Alps near Berchtesgaden, Germany. ... is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_German_Empire. ... For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ... is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Hitler redirects here. ... is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Hitler redirects here. ...

Contents

Background

Born in Munich, Germany, Eva Braun was the second daughter of school teacher Friedrich "Fritz" Braun and Franziska Kronberger, who both came from respectable Bavarian families. Her elder sister Ilse was born in 1909 and her younger sister Margarete (called "Gretl") was born in 1915. Braun was educated at a lyceum, then for one year at a business school in a convent where she had average grades, a talent for athletics and is said to have had the "dreamy beauty of a farmer's daughter."[citation needed] She worked for several months as a receptionist at a medical office, then at age 17 took a job as an office and lab assistant and photographer's model for Heinrich Hoffmann, the official photographer for the Nazi Party.[2] She met Adolf Hitler, 23 years her senior, at Hoffmann's studio in 1929.[2] He had been introduced to her as "Herr Wolff" (a childhood nickname he used during the 1920s for security purposes). She described him to friends as a "gentleman of a certain age with a funny moustache, a light-coloured English overcoat, and carrying a big felt hat." He appreciated her eye color which was said to be close to his mother's.[2] Both of their families were strongly against the relationship and little is known about its first two years. Her father had both political and moral objections, while Hitler's half-sister, Angela Raubal, refused to address Braun other than as a social inferior.[citation needed] Munich: Frauenkirche and Town Hall steeple Munich (German: München pronunciation) is the state capital of the German Bundesland of Bavaria. ... For other uses, see Bavaria (disambiguation). ... Year 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday[1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... A Lyceum can be an educational institution (often a school of secondary education in Europe), or a public hall used for cultural events like concerts. ... A Beguine convent in Amsterdam. ... A sport consists of a physical activity or skill carried out with a recreational purpose: for competition, for self-enjoyment, to attain excellence, for the development of a skill, or some combination of these. ... Youth and Hitler, a Hoffmann picture book Heinrich Hoffmann (October 12, 1885 in Fürth - December 11, 1957 in Munich) was a German photographer, who is best known for his numerous pictures of Adolf Hitler. ... A photographer at the Calgary Folk Music Festival Paparazzi at the Tribeca Film Festival A photographer is a person who takes a photograph using a camera. ... The National Socialist German Workers Party, (German: , or NSDAP, commonly known as the Nazi Party), was a political party in Germany between 1919 and 1945. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1920s they were sexy referred to as the Jazz Age or the Roaring Twenties, usually applied to America. ... Klara Hitler Klara Hitler, born Klara Pölzl (August 12, 1860 - December 21, 1907), was the mother of Adolf Hitler. ... Adolf Hitler with his halfsister Angela Angela Raubal Hamitsch, born Angela Hitler (July 28, 1883 - October 30, 1949), was the elder half-sister of Adolf Hitler. ...


Relationship and turmoil

Hitler saw more of Braun after the alleged suicide of Angela's daughter and Hitler's alleged mistress Geli Raubal in 1931. Some historians suggest Raubal killed herself because she was distraught over Hitler's relationship with Braun, while others speculate Hitler killed her or had her murdered. Braun was unaware that Raubal was a rival for Hitler's affections until after Raubal committed suicide.[3] Braun was seen by some as a replacement for Raubal.[3] For other uses, see Suicide (disambiguation). ... Geli Raubal Angela Geli Raubal (June 4, 1908 – September 18, 1931). ... Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Meanwhile, Hitler was seeing other women, such as actress Renate Müller, whose early death was also termed a suicide. Braun first attempted suicide in 1932, at the age of 20,[3] by shooting herself in the neck and attempted suicide a second time in 1935 by taking an overdose of sleeping pills. After Braun's recovery Hitler became more committed to her and arranged for the substantial royalties from widely published and popular photographs of him taken by Hoffmann's photo studio to pay for a villa in Wasserburgerstrasse, a Munich suburb. This income also provided her with a Mercedes, a chauffeur and a maid. Braun's sister Gretl moved in with her. Hoffman asserted that Braun became a fixture in Hitler's life by first attempting to commit suicide less than a year after Geli Raubal's own suicide (and accompanying rumors of murder); Hitler wished to avoid any further scandal. Hoffmann said, "It was in this way that Eva Braun got her way and became Hitler's chere amie'."[4] Renate Müller (April 26, 1906 - October 1, 1937) was a German actress. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... A drug overdose occurs when a chemical substance (i. ... A sedative is a substance which depresses the central nervous system (CNS), resulting in calmness, relaxation, reduction of anxiety, sleepiness, slowed breathing, slurred speech, staggering gait, poor judgment, and slow, uncertain reflexes. ... For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ... “Suburbia” redirects here. ... This page is about the Mercedes-Benz brand of automobiles and trucks from the DaimlerChrysler automobile manufacturer. ... For other uses, see Suicide (disambiguation). ...


When Hitler became Chancellor of Germany, Braun sat on the stage in the area reserved for VIPs as a secretary, to which Hitler's sister Angela strongly objected, along with the wives of other ministers. Angela, a housekeeper for Hitler, was banned from living anywhere near Braun as a result.[3] By 1936, Braun was at Hitler's household at the Berghof near Berchtesgaden whenever he was in residence there and her parents were also invited for dinner several times. Braun's political influence on Hitler was apparently minimal. She was never allowed to stay in the room when business or political conversations took place. However, some historians have inferred she was aware of at least some sordid details concerning the Third Reich's inner workings. By all accounts she led a sheltered and privileged existence and seemed uninterested in politics.[4] Adolf Hitler with his halfsister Angela Angela Raubal Hamitsch, born Angela Hitler (July 28, 1883 - October 30, 1949), was the elder half-sister of Adolf Hitler. ... Year 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Haus Wachenfeld during its conversion into the Berghof The Berghof was Adolf Hitlers home in the Obersalzberg of the Bavarian Alps near Berchtesgaden, Germany. ... Berchtesgaden is a town in the German Bavarian Alps. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ...


Hitler and Eva never appeared as a couple in public and there is some indication that this, along with their not having married early in their relationship, was due to Hitler's fear that he would lose popularity among female supporters.[3] The German people were entirely unaware of Eva Braun and her relationship with Hitler until after the war. According to the memoirs of Albert Speer, Braun never slept in the same room as Hitler and had her own bedrooms at the Berghof, in Hitler's Berlin residence and in the Berlin bunker. Speer wrote: Inside the Third Reich is a memoir written by Albert Speer, the Nazi Minister of Armaments from 1942 to 1945. ... For the son of Albert Speer, also an architect, see Albert Speer (the younger). ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ...

Eva Braun was allowed to be present during visits from old party associates. She was banished as soon as other dignitaries of the Reich, such as cabinet ministers, appeared at the table ... Hitler obviously regarded her as socially acceptable only within strict limits. Sometimes I kept her company in her exile, a room next to Hitler's bedroom. She was so intimidated that she did not dare leave the house for a walk. Out of sympathy for her predicament I soon began to feel a liking for this unhappy woman, who was so deeply attached to Hitler.

Lifestyle

Even during World War II Braun apparently lived a life of leisure, spending her time exercising, reading romance novels, watching films and early German television (at least until around 1943) along with later helping to host gatherings of Hitler's inner circle. Unlike most other Germans she was reportedly free to read European and American magazines and watch foreign films. Her affection for nude sunbathing (and being photographed at it) is known to have infuriated Hitler. She reportedly accepted gifts which were stolen property belonging to deposed European royal families. Braun had a lifelong interest in photography and their closest friends called her the Rolleiflex Girl (after the well-known camera model). She did her own darkroom processing and most of the extant colour stills and movies of Hitler are her work. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... A romance novel is a novel from the genre currently known as romance. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sunlight is also the trade name of the worlds first packaged, branded laundry soap producted by Lever Brothers. ... Rolleiflex 2. ... This article is about the photographing device. ... A darkroom is a workspace, usually a separate area in a building or a vehicle, made dark to allow photographers to use light-sensitive materials to develop film and photographic paper to make photographic prints. ... Color is an important part of the visual arts. ...


Otto Günsche and Heinz Linge, during extensive debriefings by Soviet intelligence officials after the war, said Braun was at the center of Hitler's life for most of his twelve years in power. It was said that in 1936, Otto Günsche (September 24, 1917 - October 2, 2003) was a Sturmbannführer in the SS and a close aide of Adolf Hitler, and was asked by the Führer to ensure that his body would be burnt after death. ... Heinz Linge (1913-1980) was one of Adolf Hitlers servants at his headquarters. ... Year 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


He was always accompanied by her. As soon as he heard the voice of his lover he became jollier. He would make jokes about her new hats. He would take her for hours on end into his study where there would be champagne cooling in ice, chocolates, cognac, and fruit.


The interrogation report adds that when Hitler was too busy for her, "Eva would often be in tears."


Linge said that before the war, Hitler ordered an increase of the police guard at Braun's house in Munich after she reported to the Gestapo that a woman had said to her face she was the "Führer-whore".


Hitler is known to have been opposed to women wearing cosmetics (in part because they were made from animal by-products) and sometimes brought the subject up at mealtime. Linge (who was his valet) said Hitler once laughed at traces of Braun's lipstick on a napkin and to tease her, joked, "Soon we will have replacement lipstick made from dead bodies of soldiers".[5] Animal by-products are biodegradable wastes consisting of animal carcases, parts of animal carcases, products of animal origin which are not intended for human consumption, includes catering waste (all waste food from restaurants, catering facilities, central kitchens, slaughterhouses and household kitchens). ...


In 1944, Eva invited her cousin Gertraud Weisker to visit her at the Berghof near Berchtesgaden. Decades later, Weisker recalled that although women in the Third Reich were expected not to wear make-up, drink, or smoke, Eva did all of these things. "She was the unhappiest woman I have ever met," said Weisker, who informed Braun about how poorly the war was going for Germany, having illegally listened to BBC news broadcasts in German. Weisker also claimed neither of them knew anything about the concentration camps, although both were keenly aware that Jews in Germany were severely persecuted. Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Haus Wachenfeld during its conversion into the Berghof The Berghof was Adolf Hitlers home in the Obersalzberg of the Bavarian Alps near Berchtesgaden, Germany. ... Berchtesgaden is a town in the German Bavarian Alps. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Holocaust (disambiguation) and Shoah (disambiguation). ...


On June 3, 1944 Eva Braun's younger sister Gretl (1915-1987) married Hermann Fegelein who served as Heinrich Himmler's liaison on Hitler's staff. Hitler used the marriage as an excuse to allow Eva to appear at official functions.[4] When Fegelein was caught in the closing days of the war trying to escape to Sweden with another woman, Hitler personally ordered his execution. Gretl was eight months pregnant with a daughter at this time and after the war named the child Eva Barbara Fegelein in remembrance of her beloved sister (Eva Fegelein committed suicide in 1975 after an unhappy romance). is the 154th day of the year (155th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Obergruppenführer Hermann Otto Fegelein (30 October 1906 – c. ... Heinrich Luitpold Himmler ( ; 7 October 1900 – 23 May 1945) was commander of the Schutzstaffel (SS) and one of the most powerful men in Nazi Germany and the Nazi hierarchy. ...


Marriage and suicide

In early April 1945 Braun traveled by car from Munich to Berlin to be with Hitler at the Führerbunker. Eva refused to leave as the Red Army closed in, insisting she was one of the few people loyal to him left in the world. Hitler and Braun were married on April 29, 1945 during a brief civil ceremony which was witnessed by Joseph Goebbels and Martin Bormann. The bride wore a black (some accounts say dark blue) silk dress. Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... This is a reconstruction of the layout of the Führerbunker. ... For other organizations known as the Red Army, see Red Army (disambiguation). ... is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Paul Joseph Goebbels (German pronunciation: IPA: ; English generally IPA: ) (October 29, 1897 – May 1, 1945) was a German politician and Minister for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda during the National Socialist regime from 1933 to 1945. ... Martin Bormann Martin Bormann (June 17, 1900 - c. ... For other uses of this word, see Silk (disambiguation). ...


With Braun's marriage her legal name changed to Eva Hitler. When Eva signed her marriage certificate she wrote the letter B for her family name, then lined this out and replaced it with Hitler. Although bunker personnel were instructed to call her Frau Hitler her new husband continued to call his wife Fräulein Braun. Fräulein vom Amt Chris Howland: Fräulein In German, ( : [frɔɪlaɪn]) Fräulein (literally, little woman or little Mrs. ... Fräulein vom Amt Chris Howland: Fräulein In German, ( : [frɔɪlaɪn]) Fräulein (literally, little woman or little Mrs. ...


There was gossip among the Führerbunker staff that Eva was carrying Hitler's child but there is no evidence she was ever pregnant.


Braun and Hitler committed suicide together on April 30, 1945 at around 3:30 p.m. The occupants of the bunker heard a gunshot and the bodies were soon discovered. She had bitten onto a cyanide capsule (most historians have concluded Hitler used a combination method, shooting himself in the right temple immediately after biting a cyanide capsule). Braun was 33 years old when she died. Their corpses were burned in the Reich Chancellery garden just outside the bunker's emergency exit. For other uses, see Suicide (disambiguation). ... is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... This article is about the chemical compound. ... With regard to living things, a body is the integral physical material of an individual, and contrasts with soul, personality and behavior. ... Exterior view of the entrance of the New Reich Chancellery. ...


The charred remains were found by the Russians and secretly buried at the SMERSH compound in Magdeburg, East Germany along with the bodies of Joseph and Magda Goebbels and their six children. All of these remains were exhumed in April 1970, completely cremated and dispersed in the Elbe river.[6] This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the German city. ... This article is about the state which existed from 1949 to 1990. ... Paul Joseph Goebbels (German pronunciation: IPA: ; English generally IPA: ) (October 29, 1897 – May 1, 1945) was a German politician and Minister for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda during the National Socialist regime from 1933 to 1945. ... Magda Goebbels Johanna Maria Magdalena Goebbels, known as Magda Goebbels (November 11, 1901 – May 1, 1945) was the wife of Nazi Germanys Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The crematorium at Haycombe Cemetery, Bath, England. ... This article is about a river in Central Europe. ...


The rest of Braun's family survived the war, including her father, who worked in a hospital and to whom Braun sent several trunks of her belongings in April 1945. Her mother, Franziska, died aged 96 in January 1976, having lived out her days in an old farmhouse in Ruhpolding, Bavaria. Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ruhpolding is a small village in the south-eastern part of Bavaria, Germany, in the Traunstein district. ... For other uses, see Bavaria (disambiguation). ...


See also

The front cover of Time magazine, May 7, 1945. ...

Further reading

  • Lambert, Angela The Lost Life Of Eva Braun: 2007--St. Martin's Press
  • In de ban van Hitler: Maria Reiter, Geli Raubal, Unity Mitford, Eva Braun by Alex Alexander - 2005
  • Eva Braun: Hitler's Mistress by Nerin E. Gun, 1969

References

  1. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/1800287.stm
  2. ^ a b c Robert George Leeson Waite, The Psychopathic God: Adolf Hitler. Consulted on August 14, 2007.
  3. ^ a b c d e Guido Knopp, Hitler's Women. Consulted on August 14, 2007.
  4. ^ a b c Alan Bullock, Hitler: A Study in Tyranny. Consulted on August 14, 2007.
  5. ^ http://xmb.stuffucanuse.com/xmb/viewthread.php?tid=943
  6. ^ [1]

External links

  • A collection of rare home movie footage of Braun, via Youtube
  • Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun, color documentary

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Biography Channel - Eva Braun Biography (236 words)
By 1929, Eva and Hitler were lovers and they lived together in his flat in Munich, despite her father’s opposition, who disliked Hitler as a person, as well as his political beliefs.
Eva was not happy and, in 1932, she tried to kill herself.
In 1945, with the Russians closing in on Berlin, Eva moved to the Berlin bunker to be with Hitler.
Eva Braun: Biography and Much More from Answers.com (1950 words)
Eva Braun was the mistress of Nazi leader Adolf Hitler from 1932 until their deaths in a suicide pact at the end of World War II.
According to the memoirs of Albert Speer, Eva Braun never slept in the same room as Hitler and was always given her own bedroom at the Berghof, in Hitler's Berlin residence and in the Berlin bunker.
Hitler and Braun were married on April 29th, 1945 during a brief civil ceremony witnessed by Joseph Goebbels and Martin Bormann; the bride wore a fl silk dress.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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