FACTOID # 26: Delaware is the latchkey kid capital of America, with 71.8% of households having both parents in the labor force.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Euston station
Euston
Euston
Managed by: Network Rail
Zone: 1
Location: Euston Square
Local authority: Camden
First opened: 1837
Platforms in use: 18

Euston station, also known as London Euston, is a major railway station to the north of central London and in the London Borough of Camden. It is one of seventeen UK railway stations managed by Network Rail, whose main offices are above the station. Facade of Euston Station, London File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Network Rails logo Network Rail is a British not for dividend Company limited by guarantee that owns the fixed assets of that part of the British railway system that formerly belonged to British Rail, the now-defunct UK state-owned rail operator. ... Travelcard Zone 1 is the central zone of Transport for Londons zonal system used for calculating co-ordinated inter-modal Travelcard fares within London. ... Euston Square station Euston Square is a London Underground station near Euston station, at the corner of Euston Road and Gower Street, just north of University College London. ... The London Borough of Camden is an inner-London borough created in 1965 to replace the metropolitan boroughs of Hampstead, Holborn, St Pancras. ... 1837 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Passengers bustle around the typical grand edifice of Londons Broad Street Station in 1865. ... The clock tower of the Palace of Westminster, which contains Big Ben London is the capital city of the United Kingdom and of England. ... The London Borough of Camden is an inner-London borough created in 1965 to replace the metropolitan boroughs of Hampstead, Holborn, St Pancras. ... Network Rails logo Network Rail is a British not for dividend Company limited by guarantee that owns the fixed assets of that part of the British railway system that formerly belonged to British Rail, the now-defunct UK state-owned rail operator. ...


It is connected to Euston tube station and near to Euston Square tube station of the London Underground. All stations are in Travelcard Zone 1. Euston Underground Station is on the Bank branch of the Northern Line, this is between Camden Town and Kings Cross St Pancras. ... Categories: Circle Line stations | Hammersmith & City Line stations | Metropolitan Line stations | London Underground stubs ... Slight modifications to the famous London Underground roundel indicate the name of each station on platform and some outdoor signs. ... Travelcard Zone 1 is the central zone of Transport for Londons zonal system used for calculating co-ordinated inter-modal Travelcard fares within London. ...

Contents


Services

The station is the southern terminus of the West Coast Main Line with express trains to and from Birmingham, Manchester, Liverpool, Holyhead and Glasgow as well as local stopping services. Train services are operated by Virgin Trains and Silverlink. First ScotRail also operate overnight sleeper train services to Scotland. The WCML running alogside the M1 motorway in Northamptonshire The West Coast Main Line (WCML) is one of the most important intercity railway lines in the United Kingdom, part of the British railway system. ... The city from above Centenary Square. ... Manchester is a city in the North West of England. ... Liverpool is a city and metropolitan borough on Merseyside in north west England, on the north side of the Mersey estuary. ... A panoramic view of Holyhead taken from atop Holyhead Mountain, showing the harbours breakwater on the left Holyhead (Welsh: Caergybi, the fort of St. ... Glasgows location in Scotland Glasgow (or Glaschu in Gaelic) is Scotlands largest city, situated on the River Clyde in the countrys west central lowlands. ... Virgin Trains is a train operating company in the United Kingdom. ... A Silverlink Metro Class 313 unit at Clapham Junction. ... A Class 170 Turbostar unit at Edinburgh Waverley. ...


History

Although the present station building is in the International Modern style, Euston was the first inter-city railway station to be built in London. The Weissenhof Estate in Stuttgart, Germany (1927) The Weissenhof Estate in Stuttgart, Germany (1930) The International Style was a major architectural trend of the 1920s and 1930s. ...


Old building

An early print of Euston showing the wrought iron roof of 1837. Note the open carriages.
An early print of Euston showing the wrought iron roof of 1837. Note the open carriages.
The former Great Hall of Euston Station.
Enlarge
The former Great Hall of Euston Station.
"Euston Arch:" the original entrance to Euston Station, as enlarged, ca 1851
Enlarge
"Euston Arch:" the original entrance to Euston Station, as enlarged, ca 1851

The original station was opened on July 20, 1837, as the terminus of the London and Birmingham Railway constructed by Robert Stephenson. It was designed by a well-known classically trained architect, Philip Hardwick, with a 200ft (61m) long engine shed by structural engineer Charles Fox. Initially it had only two platforms, one for departures and one for arrivals. A 72 foot (21.9 m) high Doric arch - designed by Hardwick - was erected at the station's entrance to serve as a portico; this became renowned as the Euston Arch. Image File history File links Euston_Station_showing_wrought_iron_roof_of_1837. ... Image File history File links Euston_Station_showing_wrought_iron_roof_of_1837. ... Wrought iron is a very pure form of commercial iron, having a very small carbon content. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (861x707, 228 KB)A Victorian print of the Great Hall of Euston Station, which has now been demolished. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (861x707, 228 KB)A Victorian print of the Great Hall of Euston Station, which has now been demolished. ... Download high resolution version (1280x873, 72 KB)Euston Station - 1851 - from Project Gutenberg - eText 13271. ... Download high resolution version (1280x873, 72 KB)Euston Station - 1851 - from Project Gutenberg - eText 13271. ... July 20 is the 201st day (202nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 164 days remaining. ... 1837 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The London and Birmingham Railway (L&BR) was an early railway company in the United Kingdom, which existed between 1833 and 1846 when it becam a constituent part of the London and North Western Railway. ... Statue of Robert Stephenson at Euston Station, London Robert Stephenson FRS (October 16, 1803–October 12, 1859) was an English civil engineer. ... Philip Hardwick [1792]]-1870) was an architect (son of architect Thomas Hardwick Junior and grandson of Thomas Hardwick Senior) particularly associated with transport-related buildings (eg: railway stations, warehouses) in London and elsewhere. ... A foot (plural: feet) is a non-SI unit of distance or length, measuring around a third of a metre. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude this page lists lengths between 10 m and 100 m. ... Doric, a synonym of Dorian, may refer to any of the following: The Dorians, one of the ancient Hellenic races, Doric Greek, the dialect of the former, the Doric order and its distinctive Doric column, in ancient Greek architecture, the Dorian mode in music, also called the Doric mode, or... The Euston Arch was the original entrance to Euston station in central London. ...


Until 1844, trains had to be pulled up the hill to Camden Town by cables as they did not have enough power to get there under their own steam. 1844 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Camden Town is a place in the London Borough of Camden, north London. ...


The station grew rapidly over the following years as traffic increased. It was greatly expanded in the 1840s, with the opening in 1849 of the spectacular Great Hall (designed by Hardwick's son, Philip Charles Hardwick), built in classical style. It was 125 feet long, 61 feet wide and 62 feet high (38.1 by 18.6 by 18.9 m), with a coffered ceiling and a sweeping double flight of stairs leading to offices at the northern end of the hall. The station was situated further from Euston Road than the front of the modern complex; it was on Drummond Street, which now terminates at the side of the station, but then ran all the way across the front it. A short road called Euston Road ran from Euston Square towards the arch. Two hotels called the Euston Hotel and the Victoria Hotel flanked the northern half of this approach. Events and Trends Technology First use of anaesthesia in an operation, by Crawford Long War, peace and politics First signing of the Treaty of Waitangi (Te Tiriti o Waitangi) on February 6, 1840 at Waitangi New Zealand. ... 1849 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Philip Charles Hardwick (1822-1892), son of architect Philip Hardwick, was the last architect in the family line and is reputed to have designed many of the finest banks in the City of London - Hardwick was architect to the Bank of England from 1855 to 1883. ... From the point of view of modern times, the ancient civilizations of the Mediterranean sometimes seem to blend smoothly into one melange we call the Classical. ... Euston Square station Euston Square is a London Underground station near Euston station, at the corner of Euston Road and Gower Street, just north of University College London. ...


The station and the railway that it served experienced several changes in management, being owned in turn by the London and North Western Railway (18461922), the London, Midland and Scottish Railway (19231947), British Rail (19471994), Railtrack (19942001) and Network Rail (2001–) The London and North Western Railway (LNWR) was formed in 1846 by the merger of three railway companies - the Grand Junction Railway, London and Birmingham and Manchester and Birmingham. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1922 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The London, Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS1) was a British railway company. ... 1923 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1947 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Logo of British Rail British Railways (BR), later rebranded as British Rail, ran the British railway system from the nationalisation of the Big Four British railway companies in 1948 until its privatisation in stages between 1994 and 1997. ... 1947 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1994 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... Railtrack was a group of companies which owned the tracks, signals, tunnels, bridges, level crossings and some stations of the British railway system from its privatisation in 1996 until 2002. ... 1994 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... Network Rails logo Network Rail is a British not for dividend Company limited by guarantee that owns the fixed assets of that part of the British railway system that formerly belonged to British Rail, the now-defunct UK state-owned rail operator. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ...


New building

Euston station concourse
Euston station concourse
Euston station platforms
Euston station platforms

In the early 1960s it was decided that the old building was no longer adequate and needed replacing. Amid much public outcry the old station building (including the famous Euston Arch) was demolished in 1962 and replaced by a new building, which opened in 1968. Concourse of Euston Station, London Image by ChrisO File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Concourse of Euston Station, London Image by ChrisO File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links London Euston station platforms (evening). ... Image File history File links London Euston station platforms (evening). ... The 1960s, or The Sexy Sixties, in its most obvious sense refers to the decade between 1960 and 1969, but the expression has taken on a wider meaning over the past twenty years. ... 1962 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1968 was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ...


The loss of the original station helped galvanize the environmental conservation movement in Britain, which had previously been focused on preserving aristocratic power houses, picturesque vernacular architecture and unspoilt landscapes. The loss of the original New York Penn Station in the United States has been referenced as comparable. For the Pennsylvania Station in Newark, New Jersey or Baltimore, Maryland, see Pennsylvania Station (Newark) or Pennsylvania Station (Baltimore). ...


The modern station is very much a creation of 1960s architecture. It is a long, low structure with a frontage of some 647 feet. Part of the station building includes two office towers which look out onto adjacent Melton Street and Eversholt Street, and are home to Network Rail. All of these buildings are in a functional style and the main facing material is polished dark stone, which is complemented with white tile, exposed concrete and plain glazing. The station itself has a single large concourse populated with the usual assortment of shops and eateries, which is separate from the train shed. A couple of small remnants of the older station were kept, close to Euston Road, but were hardly an effective sop to those offended by the loss of the former building. The frontage of the station building itself is hidden behind office buildings and a bus station. The 1960s, or The Sexy Sixties, in its most obvious sense refers to the decade between 1960 and 1969, but the expression has taken on a wider meaning over the past twenty years. ... Network Rails logo Network Rail is a British not for dividend Company limited by guarantee that owns the fixed assets of that part of the British railway system that formerly belonged to British Rail, the now-defunct UK state-owned rail operator. ...


Criticism

Euston is widely regarded as the ugliest and the most unpleasant of all of the Central London rail termini. The ramps which passengers have to descend from the concourse down to platform level seem claustrophobic to many and the trainshed is low-ceilinged, making no attempt to match the airy style of London's major 19th century trainsheds. The exterior of the shed is windowless and monotonous dark brick and corrugated metal, more typical of an industrial estate than a major metropolititan building. The concrete-adorned square outside the front entrance is a popular stamping ground for beggars (who also frequent the station concourse itself), and rough sleepers.


Privatisation

Following privatisation of the railways in the 1990s, train services were taken over by private companies, on a franchise. The station itself was taken over by Railtrack and was subsequently transferred to Network Rail. As of 2005 Network Rail is reported to have long term aspirations to redevelop the station, removing the 1960s buildings and providing a great deal more commercial space by utilising the "airspace rights" above the platforms, but there are many major office projects in London at a more advanced stage of planning, so this project is unlikely to proceed for many years. Privatization (sometimes privatisation, denationalization, or — especially in India — disinvestment) is the process of transferring property, from public ownership to private ownership. ... // Events and trends The 1990s are generally classified as having moved slightly away from the more conservative 1980s, but otherwise retaining the same mindset. ... Railtrack was a group of companies which owned the tracks, signals, tunnels, bridges, level crossings and some stations of the British railway system from its privatisation in 1996 until 2002. ... Network Rails logo Network Rail is a British not for dividend Company limited by guarantee that owns the fixed assets of that part of the British railway system that formerly belonged to British Rail, the now-defunct UK state-owned rail operator. ...


London Underground

Main article: Euston tube station and Euston Square tube station

Euston station is directely connected to, and above, Euston tube station which is served by the Victoria Line and Northern Line City Branch of the London Underground. Euston Underground Station is on the Bank branch of the Northern Line, this is between Camden Town and Kings Cross St Pancras. ... Categories: Circle Line stations | Hammersmith & City Line stations | Metropolitan Line stations | London Underground stubs ... Euston Underground Station is on the Bank branch of the Northern Line, this is between Camden Town and Kings Cross St Pancras. ... The Victoria Line is a line of the London Underground, coloured light blue on the Tube map. ... The Northern Line is a deep-level tube line of the London Underground, coloured black on the Tube map. ... Slight modifications to the famous London Underground roundel indicate the name of each station on platform and some outdoor signs. ...


Euston Square tube station on the Circle Line, Hammersmith & City Line and Metropolitan Line is a short walk from the station along Euston Road. Categories: Circle Line stations | Hammersmith & City Line stations | Metropolitan Line stations | London Underground stubs ... The Circle Line of the London Underground became known as such in 1949, when it was separated from its parent lines, the Metropolitan Line and the District Line, although it had been shown on Underground maps since 1947. ... The Hammersmith and City Line is a line of the London Underground, coloured salmon pink on the Tube map, running between Hammersmith and Aldgate East, extending to Barking in the rush hours. ... The Metropolitan Line is part of the London Underground. ... Euston Road is an important thoroughfare in central London. ...




Preceding station National Rail lines Following station
Terminus   Virgin Trains
West Coast Main Line
  Watford Junction
Terminus   First ScotRail
West Coast Main Line
  Carlisle
Terminus   Silverlink
West Coast Main Line
  Harrow &
Wealdstone
Terminus   Silverlink Metro
DC Lines
  South
Hampstead


National Rail uses the BR double-arrow logo National Rail is a brand name describing the passenger rail service previously provided by British Rail, the now-defunct UK state-owned rail operator. ... Virgin Trains is a train operating company in the United Kingdom. ... The WCML running alogside the M1 motorway in Northamptonshire The West Coast Main Line (WCML) is one of the most important intercity railway lines in the United Kingdom, part of the British railway system. ... Watford Junction station is a train station in Watford, United Kingdom. ... A Class 170 Turbostar unit at Edinburgh Waverley. ... The WCML running alogside the M1 motorway in Northamptonshire The West Coast Main Line (WCML) is one of the most important intercity railway lines in the United Kingdom, part of the British railway system. ... Carlisles Citadel railway station Carlisle railway station, also known as the Citadel station, serves the Cumbrian town of Carlisle. ... A Silverlink Metro Class 313 unit at Clapham Junction. ... The WCML running alogside the M1 motorway in Northamptonshire The West Coast Main Line (WCML) is one of the most important intercity railway lines in the United Kingdom, part of the British railway system. ... Harrow & Wealdstone is a London Underground and a National Rail station in Travelcard Zone 5. ... A Silverlink Metro Class 313 unit at Clapham Junction. ... South Hampstead railway station is in the London Borough of Camden, in north London, and in Travelcard Zone 2. ...


External links

Commons:Category
Wikimedia Commons has more media related to:
Euston station
British railway system - Major UK railway stations

Birmingham New Street | Birmingham Snow Hill | Bristol Temple Meads | Cardiff Central | Derby | Doncaster | Edinburgh Waverley | Exeter St Davids | Glasgow Central | Glasgow Queen Street | Leeds City | Leicester | Liverpool Lime Street | Manchester Piccadilly | Manchester Victoria | Newcastle Central | Nottingham | Reading | Sheffield | York Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Network Rails logo Network Rail is a British not for dividend Company limited by guarantee that owns the fixed assets of that part of the British railway system that formerly belonged to British Rail, the now-defunct UK state-owned rail operator. ... National Rail uses the BR double-arrow logo National Rail is a brand name describing the passenger rail service previously provided by British Rail, the now-defunct UK state-owned rail operator. ... Multimap. ... For transport in Northern Ireland, see rail transport in Ireland Class 180 Multiple Unit of First Great Western at speed near Yate, Bristol, England. ... The tracks at the eastern end of Birmingham New Street station Class 390 no. ... The station entrance Birmingham Snow Hill station is a railway station located in the centre of Birmingham, England. ... The original station (left) closed in 1965. ... Cardiff Central (Welsh: Caerdydd Canolog) is the largest train station in Wales, having 7 platforms. ... Derby Station (formerly known as Derby Midland Station to distinguish it from the now disused Derby Friargate) is a mainline railway station serving the city of Derby in England. ... Doncaster railway station is about ten minutes walk from Doncaster town centre. ... Waverley Station, from the Scott Monument. ... One of the mural art works to be seen at Exeter St Davids station Exeter St Davids station is the most important of seven National Rail stations in the city of Exeter in southwest England. ... The Heilanmans Umbrella Inside Glasgow Central Glasgow Central Station is the larger of the two main-line railway stations in Glasgow, Scotland. ... Queen Street Station is a railway station in Glasgow, Scotland, UK and is Glasgows second main line terminus. ... Leeds City station is the mainline railway station serving the city of Leeds in West Yorkshire, England. ... Leicester station frontage Leicester station is a railway station in Leicester, England. ... Lime Street Station (officially referred to as Liverpool Lime Street) is the mainline railway station serving Liverpool, England. ... Manchester Piccadilly station is the principal railway station of Manchester, UK. It serves intercity routes to London Euston, Birmingham New Street and the south, Glasgow Central, and routes throughout the north of England. ... Manchester Victoria Manchester Victoria railway station is the second of Manchesters mainline railway stations, now being much less important than Manchester Piccadilly station. ... Newcastle Central Station Newcastle Central Station is the principal railway station in the city of Newcastle upon Tyne, England. ... Categories: British railway stations | Rail stubs ... Reading station from the station car park at the north (rear) side of the station Reading (formerly Reading General) is a railway station in the large town of Reading in south central England. ... Sheffield Midland Station, now called simply Sheffield, is the railway station in central Sheffield, England. ... The approach to York station and the Royal York hotel York railway station is a main-line railway station in the historic city of York. ...

Stations of London This is a list of mainline railway stations in London, excluding London Underground and Docklands Light Railway. ...

Blackfriars | Cannon Street | Charing Cross | City Thameslink | Clapham Junction | Euston | Fenchurch Street | King's Cross | King's Cross Thameslink | Liverpool Street | London Bridge | Marylebone | Moorgate | Paddington | St Pancras | Victoria | Waterloo Blackfriars station Blackfriars station is a London Underground and National Rail station complex situated in the City of London financial district of London in England. ... Cannon Street is a National Rail and London Underground station in the City of London financial district of London, England. ... London Charing Cross railway station. ... City Thameslink station is a dirty underground mainline railway station in the City of London, at the point where Fleet Street becomes Ludgate Hill. ... The railway junction at Clapham Junction, facing east The footbridge over the fan of tracks leading to sheds and sidings Details of roof support columns at Clapham Junction railway station Electronic Information board on a Clapham Junction platform Clapham Junction railway stations platforms 2 to 10 at night The... Main entrance and Fenchurch Place Fenchurch Street is a railway station in the south eastern corner of the City of London close by the Tower of London and two miles (3. ... This GNER train serving Kings Cross is named White Rose after the traditional symbol of Yorkshire. ... Kings Cross Thameslink station is a railway station in central London, which serves the Thameslink franchise. ... Liverpool Street station Liverpool Street station, also called London Liverpool Street, is a mainline railway station in the north eastern corner of the City of London, in the heart of the financial district, with entrances on Bishopsgate and Liverpool Street itself. ... Outside view of main overground station London Bridge station is a National Rail and London Underground station in the London Borough of Southwark, which occupies a large area on two levels, immediately south-east of London Bridge and 1. ... The main entrance to Marylebone station. ... Moorgate station Moorgate station is a London Underground and mainline station in the City of London, located on Moorgate, the street of the same name, north of London Wall. ... The central (and longest) span of Paddington Station Paddington station or London Paddington is the name of a major National Rail and London Underground station complex in the Paddington area of London. ... The Gothic Revival facade and clock tower of the disused Midland Grand Hotel are the most visible parts of St Pancras station. ... Victoria Station concourse Victoria station is a London Underground and railway station in London, in the City of Westminster. ... The main entrance of Waterloo Station. ...

UK railway stations:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Station Name Postcode External links to Map of station at MultiMap Code External links to livedepartureboards. ... Categories: British railway stations | Lists of places ... Categories: British railway stations | Lists of places ... Station Name Postcode External links to Map of station at MultiMap Code External links to livedepartureboards. ... Station Name Postcode External links to Map of station at MultiMap Code External links to livedepartureboards. ... Categories: British railway stations | Lists of places ... Station Name Postcode External links to Map of station at MultiMap Code External links to livedepartureboards. ... Station Name Postcode External links to Map of station at MultiMap Code External links to livedepartureboards. ... Categories: British railway stations | Lists of places ... Categories: British railway stations | Lists of places ... Categories: British railway stations | Lists of places ... Station Name Postcode External links to Map of station at MultiMap Code External links to livedepartureboards. ... Station Name Postcode External links to Map of station at MultiMap Code External links to livedepartureboards. ... Categories: British railway stations | Lists of places ... Categories: British railway stations | Lists of places ... Categories: British railway stations | Lists of places ... Categories: British railway stations | Lists of places ... Station Name Postcode External links to Map of station at MultiMap Code External links to livedepartureboards. ... Categories: British railway stations | Lists of places ... Station Name Postcode External links to Map of station at MultiMap Code External links to livedepartureboards. ... Categories: British railway stations | Lists of places ... Categories: British railway stations | Lists of places ... Station Name Postcode External links to Map of station at MultiMap Code External links to livedepartureboards. ... Categories: British railway stations | Lists of places ...


 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m