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Encyclopedia > European political party
European Union

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
the European Union
Image File history File links European_flag. ... The European Union or EU is a supranational and intergovernmental union of 25 European states. ...

Three pillars The Treaty of Maastricht which established the European Union, divided EU policies into three main areas, called pillars. ...

Pillar I: European Community
Pillar II: Common Foreign and Sec. Policy
Pillar III: Police and Judicial Cooperation

Political Institutions The European Community (EC), most important of three European Communities, was originally founded on March 25, 1957 by the signing of the Treaty of Rome under the name of European Economic Community. ... The Common Foreign and Security Policy or CFSP, german Gemeinsame Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik (GASP), was established as the second of the three pillars of the European Union in the Maastricht treaty of 1992, and further defined and broadened in the Amsterdam Treaty of 1997. ... Police and Judicial Co-operation in Criminal Matters is the third of the three pillars of the European Union, focusing on co-operation in law enforcement and combating racism. ...

Commission
President (José Barroso)
Barroso Commission
Council of Ministers & European Council
Presidency (Austria)
Parliament
President (Josep Borrell)
MEPs
Constituencies
Elections (2004 / By country)
Party groups
Committees

Judiciary The European Commission (formally the Commission of the European Communities) is the executive body of the European Union. ... François-Xavier Ortoli, Romano Prodi, José Manuel Barroso and Jacques Delors The President of the European Commission is notionally the highest ranking unelected official within the European Union bureaucracy. ... This article needs to be updated. ... The Barroso Commission is the European Commission that has been in office since 22 November 2004 and is due to serve until 31 October 2009. ... The Council of the European Union forms, along with the European Parliament, the legislative arm of the European Union (EU). ... The European Council, informally called the European summit, is a meeting of the heads of state or government of the European Union, and the President of the European Commission. ... Presidency of the Council of the European Union refers to the responsibility of presiding over all aspects of the Council of the European Union, when exercised collectively by a government, on a pre-established rota of the member states, of the European Union. ... The European Parliament is the parliamentary body of the European Union (EU), directly elected by EU citizens once every five years. ... The President of the European Parliament oversees all the activities of the European Parliament and its constituent bodies. ... Josep Borrell Josep Borrell Fontelles (born April 24, 1947) is a Spanish politician. ... A Member of the European Parliament (English abbreviation MEP) is a member of the European Unions directly-elected legislative body, the European Parliament. ... In five European Union Member States (Belgium, France, Ireland, Italy and the United Kingdom), the national territory is divided into a number of constituencies for European elections. ... Elections in the European Union gives information on election and election results in the European Union. ... Elections to the European Parliament were held from June 10, 2004 to June 13, 2004 in the 25 member states of the European Union, using varying election days according to local custom. ... Party groups in the European Parliament combine the MEPs from European political parties, informal European political blocs, and independents. ... The Standing Committees of the European Parliament are designed to aid the European Commission in initiating legislation. ...

Court of Justice
Court of First Instance
Civil Service Tribunal
Patent Tribunal

Advisory bodies The European Court of Justice (ECJ) is formally known as the Court of Justice of the European Communities, i. ... The Court of First Instance, created in 1989, is a court of the European Union. ... European Union Civil Service Tribunal, since December 2, 2005 a new specialised tribunal within the European Union institutional framework. ...

Economic and Social Committee
Committee of the Regions

Financial bodies The European Unions Economic and Social Committee is the consultative assembly of European social and economic partners. This phrase refers mainly to representatives of business, employers and trade unions. ... The Committee of the Regions (CoR) is an institution of the European Union created by the Treaty of Maastricht. ...

European Central Bank
European Investment Bank
European Investment Fund

Decentralised bodies The ECB building in Frankfurt The European Central Bank (ECB) (French: Banque Centrale Europeénne, German: Europäische Zentralbank) The ECB is one of the worlds largest central banks, being in charge of fiscal and monetary policy for the European Unions official currency, the euro, which is - to... The European Investment Bank (the Banque Européenne dInvestissement) is the European Unions financing institution and was established under the Treaty of Rome (1957) to provide loan finance for capital investment furthering European Union policy objectives, in particular regional development, Trans-European Networks of transport, telecommunications and energy... The European Investment Fund, established in 1994, is a European Union agency for the provision of finance to SMEs (small and medium-sized enterprises). ...

Agencies of the EU

Law The agencies of the European Union (or decentralised bodies of the European Union) are bodies which are distinct from the European Unions institutions, in that they have not been created by the treaties but rather by acts of secondary legislation, in order to accomplish a very specific task. ... The European Union is unique among international organisations in having a complex and highly developed system of internal law which has direct effect within the legal systems of its member states. ...

Acquis communautaire
Procedure
Treaties
Regulations - Directives - Decisions
Recommendations - Opinions

EU-related topics The French term acquis (or sometimes acquis communautaire) is used in European Union law to refer to the total body of EU law accumulated so far. ... The European Union legislative procedure describes the way the European Union creates and enacts legislation across the community. ... The treaties of the European Union are effectively its constitutional law, making up the EUs primary legislation. ... A European Union Directive is the (mutually binding) collective decision made by the member states, acting through their national Government Ministers in the Council of the European Union and the Parliament. ... A European Union decision (defined in Article 249/EC) is one of the three binding instruments provide by secondary EU legislation. ... In European Union Law a recommendation Differs from regulations, directives and decisions, in that they are not binding for Member States. ... // Origins of the EU History of the European Union European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) Euratom Single market. ...

Economic and Monetary Union
Enlargement
Foreign relations
Pan-European political parties
Table of affiliated parties by country
Party affiliations on the Council
See also:
Politics Portal · edit

A European political party, formally a political party at European level, sometimes informally (especially in academic circles) a Europarty, is a type of political party organization operating transnationally in Europe. The European Union recognizes such organizations and provides them with funding, largely per Article 191 of the Treaty of Maastricht, which states In economics, a monetary union is a situation where several countries have agreed to share a single currency among them. ... The European Union (EU) was originally created by the six founding states in 1952, but has grown to its current size of 25 member states. ... Foreign relations of the European Union Foreign relations of Austria Foreign relations of Belgium Foreign relations of Cyprus Foreign relations of the Czech Republic Foreign relations of Denmark Foreign relations of Estonia Foreign relations of Finland Foreign relations of France Foreign relations of Germany Foreign relations of Greece Foreign relations... The majority of major political parties in Europe have aligned themselves into the pan-European political organisations listed below. ... The member-states of the European Union by the European party affiliations of their leaders, as of April, 2006. ... Council and Commission. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... A political party is an organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ... The Maastricht treaty (formally, the Treaty on European Union) was signed on 7 February 1992 in Maastricht between the members of the European Community and entered into force on 1 November 1993. ...

Political parties at European level are important as a factor for integration within the Union. They contribute to forming a European awareness and to expressing the political will of the citizens of the Union.[1]

This was also codified in the draft Treaty establishing a constitution for Europe's Article 45(4) with slightly different wording. [2] The constitutional treaty as signed in Rome on 29 October 2004 The Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe (TCE), commonly referred to as the European Constitution, is an international treaty intended to create a constitution for the European Union. ...


Stemming from this provision, Regulation (EC) No 2004/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 November 2003 lays out the regulations governing 'political parties at European level' and the rules regarding their funding. [3] The European Parliament is the parliamentary body of the European Union (EU), directly elected by EU citizens once every five years. ... The European Council, informally called the European summit, is a meeting of the heads of state or government of the European Union, and the President of the European Commission. ... November 4 is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 57 days remaining. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


By 2006 ten (10) European political parties that are eligible for EP funding have been created, based on Europe-wide party alliances. Within the European Parliament these parties often express themselves in affiliation with Groups in the European Parliament which may be alliances of more than one European political parties, or possibly alliances between parties and nominally independents. The European Parliament is the parliamentary body of the European Union (EU), directly elected by EU citizens once every five years. ... Party groups in the European Parliament combine the MEPs from European political parties, informal European political blocs, and independents, into powerful coalitions. ...

Contents


Controversy

There has been controversy over Regulation (EC) No 2004/2003, which provides state funding for Europe-wide political parties. This has been seen by some as an attempt to put national political parties disinclined from forming pan-continental blocs on account of Euroskeptic tendencies at a huge financial disadvantage [4]. 25 Members of the European Parliament petitioned the European Court of Justice, arguing that this directive contravened the EU's stated values of pluralism and democracy. However, the case was rejected after eighteen months [5]. A Member of the European Parliament (English abbreviation MEP) is a member of the European Unions directly-elected legislative body, the European Parliament. ... The European Court of Justice (ECJ) is formally known as the Court of Justice of the European Communities, i. ...


The parties

For the eurosceptic informal grouping, see European Democrats. ... In politics, centrism usually refers to the political ideal of promoting moderate policies which land in the middle ground between different political extremes. ... A Europhile is a term for a person who wants to increase cooperation between governments within the European Union. ... The European Free Alliance (EFA) is a grouping of various political parties in Europe who believe in either full political independence (statehood), or some form of devolution or self-government for their country or region. ... For devolution as a term sometimes misapplied to evolution, see devolution (fallacy) Devolution or home rule is the granting of powers from central government to government at regional or local level. ... Independentist is a neologism referring to an advocate of independence for a nation or territory. ... ... European Greens (or the European Green Party) is the name of the European Green Party, a political party at European level. ... Green politics is a body of political ideas informed by environmentalism aimed at developing a sustainable society. ... The European Left party is a political party at European level and an association of socialist and communist political parties in the European Union. ... Socialism is a social and economic system (or the political philosophy advocating such a system) in which the economic means of production are owned and controlled collectively by the people. ... Communism - Wikipedia /**/ @import /w/skins-1. ... The European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (founded in 1993) is a liberal party, active in the European Union, uniting liberal and centrist parties around Europe which together represent more than 20 million European voters and is an international non-profit association incorporated under the laws of Belgium. ... This article discusses liberalism as a major political ideology as it developed and stands currently. ... In politics, centrism usually refers to the political ideal of promoting moderate policies which land in the middle ground between different political extremes. ... The European Peoples Party is a Christian democrat-conservative political party at European level founded in 1976. ... Christian Democracy is a political ideology, born at the end of the 19th century, largely as a result of the papal encyclical Rerum Novarum of Pope Leo XIII, in which the Vatican recognizes workers misery and agrees that something should be done about it, in reaction to the rise of... Conservatism or political conservatism is any of several historically related political philosophies or political ideologies. ... The Party of European Socialists (PES) (French: Parti socialiste européen (PSE); German: Sozialdemokratische Partei Europas (SPE); Spanish: Partido socialista europeo (PSE); Italian: Partito socialista europeo (PSE)) is a European political party whose members are 30 social democratic, socialist and labour parties of the European Union member states as well... Social democracy is a political ideology emerging in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist society could be achieved through democratic evolutionary rather than revolutionary means. ... Socialism is a social and economic system (or the political philosophy advocating such a system) in which the economic means of production are owned and controlled collectively by the people. ... The Alliance for Europe of the Nations is a pan-European political party that gathers nationalist parties from across the continent. ... Euroscepticism is scepticism about, or disagreement with, the purposes of the European Union, sometimes coupled with a desire to preserve national sovereignty. ... Nationalism is an ideology that creates and sustains a nation as a concept of a common identity for groups of humans. ... EUDemocrats (EUD) is an alliance of parties, movements and political organisations operating as a transnational Party at a European level (European political party), and incorporating members from both the centre-left and the centre-right. ... Euroscepticism is scepticism about, or disagreement with, the purposes of the European Union, sometimes coupled with a desire to preserve national sovereignty. ... IND/DEM logo The Independence and Democracy (IND/DEM) group, formed July 20, 2004 is a euro-sceptic political group with 36 MEPs in the European Parliament. ... Alliance des Démocrates Indépendants en Europe is an apparent centre-right faction of the eurosceptic Independence and Democracy group of the European Parliament that is claimed to be operating as a European political party by the EUDemocrats[1] which appears to be acting as the centre-left faction... Euroscepticism is scepticism about, or disagreement with, the purposes of the European Union, sometimes coupled with a desire to preserve national sovereignty. ... IND/DEM logo The Independence and Democracy (IND/DEM) group, formed July 20, 2004 is a euro-sceptic political group with 36 MEPs in the European Parliament. ...

Other pan-European political organisations

The European Democrat Union is the European wing of the International Democrat Union. ... The International Democrat Union is an international grouping of conservative and, in some cases, Christian democratic parties. ... Atlanticism is a philosophy of cooperation among European and North American nations regarding political, economic, and defense issues. ... The European Democrats (ED) are a conservative and eurosceptic party grouping with seats in the European Parliament as part of the larger EPP-ED group. ... The Nordic Green Left Alliance (NGLA) is a green and socialist political party at the European level founded in Reykjavík on February 1, 2004. ... The European Christian Political Movement (ECPM) is an European political association for reflection and working on Christian-democratic politics in Europe from an explicit Christian Social view. ... The European Anti Capitalist Left (EACL) is an informal network for European anticapitalist left wing parties with a certain representativeness. ... In politics, left-wing, political left, leftism, or simply the left, are terms which refer (with no particular precision) to the segment of the political spectrum typically associated with any of several strains of socialism, social democracy, or liberalism (especially in the American sense of the word), or with opposition... European National Front is a coordinating structure of European far-right nationalist movements. ... Far right, extreme right, ultra-right, radical right, or hard right are terms used to discuss the relative position a group or person occupies within a political spectrum. ... Europe United is an emerging pan-European, pro-European and federalist political party, currently registered in Denmark. ...

Membership of pan-European organisations

See: Table of political parties in Europe by pancontinental organisation The majority of major political parties in Europe have aligned themselves into the pan-European political organisations listed below. ...


See also

  • Category:European Parliament party groups


Welcome to the index of political parties, an alphabetical list of (mainly) present-day political parties listed in the list of political parties. ... This is a list of political parties around the world. ... This is a list of political parties around the world by ideology. ... This is a list of political parties around the world by ideology. ...

Politics of Europe, politics of the EU – EU political parties, their groups in the EP, confederations of political parties in Europe
 
Pan-European political parties
flag of the European Union

European Democratic Party | EUDemocrats | European Free Alliance | European Green Party | Party of the European Left | European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party | Alliance for Europe of the Nations | European People's Party | Party of European Socialists The politics of Europe deals with the continually evolving politics within the continent. ... The European Union or EU is a supranational and intergovernmental union of 25 European states. ... Image File history File links European_flag. ... For the eurosceptic informal grouping, see European Democrats. ... EUDemocrats (EUD) is an alliance of parties, movements and political organisations operating as a transnational Party at a European level (European political party), and incorporating members from both the centre-left and the centre-right. ... The European Free Alliance (EFA) is a grouping of various political parties in Europe who believe in either full political independence (statehood), or some form of devolution or self-government for their country or region. ... European Greens (or the European Green Party) is the name of the European Green Party, a political party at European level. ... The European Left party is a political party at European level and an association of socialist and communist political parties in the European Union. ... The European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (founded in 1993) is a liberal party, active in the European Union, uniting liberal and centrist parties around Europe which together represent more than 20 million European voters and is an international non-profit association incorporated under the laws of Belgium. ... The Alliance for Europe of the Nations is a pan-European political party that gathers nationalist parties from across the continent. ... The European Peoples Party is a Christian democrat-conservative political party at European level founded in 1976. ... The Party of European Socialists (PES) (French: Parti socialiste européen (PSE); German: Sozialdemokratische Partei Europas (SPE); Spanish: Partido socialista europeo (PSE); Italian: Partito socialista europeo (PSE)) is a European political party whose members are 30 social democratic, socialist and labour parties of the European Union member states as well...

 
Groups in the European Parliament
logo of the European Parliament

EPP-ED (264) | PES (200) | ALDE (90) | Greens-EFA (42) | EUL-NGL (41) | IND/DEM (33) | UEN (30)
See also ED subgroup, Non-Inscrits Party groups in the European Parliament combine the MEPs from European political parties, informal European political blocs, and independents. ... The European Parliament is the parliamentary body of the European Union (EU), directly elected by EU citizens once every five years. ... Image File history File links EP_logo_en. ... The European Peoples Party (Christian Democrats) and European Democrats is a group in the European Parliament. ... The Party of European Socialists (PES) (French: Parti socialiste européen (PSE); German: Sozialdemokratische Partei Europas (SPE); Spanish: Partido socialista europeo (PSE); Italian: Partito socialista europeo (PSE)) is a European political party whose members are 30 social democratic, socialist and labour parties of the European Union member states as well... ALDE logo The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (French: Alliance des Démocrates et des Libéraux pour lEurope) is a Group in the European Parliament. ... Logo of the European Federation of Green Parties - EFA The European Greens – European Free Alliance (The Greens - European Free Alliance; Greens - EFA; French: Le Groupe Verts - Alliance libre européenne; Les Verts - ALE, German Fraktion der Grünen/Freie Europäische Allianz) is one of the parliamentary groups in the... GUE-NGL logo The European United Left–Nordic Green Left is a socialist and communist political grouping within the European Parliament. ... IND/DEM logo The Independence and Democracy (IND/DEM) group, formed July 20, 2004 is a euro-sceptic political group with 36 MEPs in the European Parliament. ... UEN logo The Union for Europe of the Nations is a nationalist and (mostly) euro-sceptic party grouping with seats in the European Parliament. ... The European Democrats (ED) are a conservative and eurosceptic party grouping with seats in the European Parliament as part of the larger EPP-ED group. ... Non-Inscrits (English: Non-Attached; the English name is also official, but the French name is prevalent even in English texts) are Members of the European Parliament who do not sit in one of the political groups. ...

 
Pan-European confederations of national political parties
Europe

Alliance des Démocrates Indépendants en Europe | European Anticapitalist Left | European Christian Political Movement | European Democrat Union | Euronat | European National Front | Nordic Green Left Alliance Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1245x1245, 54 KB) Map of Europe. ... Alliance des Démocrates Indépendants en Europe is an apparent centre-right faction of the eurosceptic Independence and Democracy group of the European Parliament that is claimed to be operating as a European political party by the EUDemocrats[1] which appears to be acting as the centre-left faction... The European Anti Capitalist Left (EACL) is an informal network for European anticapitalist left wing parties with a certain representativeness. ... The European Christian Political Movement (ECPM) is an European political association for reflection and working on Christian-democratic politics in Europe from an explicit Christian Social view. ... The European Democrat Union is the European wing of the International Democrat Union. ... Euronat (also known as EuroNet and Euro-Nat) is/was an effort by Jean-Marie Le Pen of Front National to gather all the Euronationalist parties of Europe. ... European National Front is a coordinating structure of European far-right nationalist movements. ... The Nordic Green Left Alliance (NGLA) is a green and socialist political party at the European level founded in Reykjavík on February 1, 2004. ...

Related articles: table of political parties in Europe by pancontinental organisation,
elections in the European Union, party composition of the council The majority of major political parties in Europe have aligned themselves into the pan-European political organisations listed below. ... Elections in the European Union gives information on election and election results in the European Union. ... The member-states of the European Union by the European party affiliations of their leaders, as of April, 2006. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
ELDR Party - Commission proposes statute for European political parties (594 words)
The Treaty as amended at Maastricht recognises the role of political parties in Article 191, which states: "political parties at European level are important as a factor for integration within the Union.
Democracy: the programme and activities of a European political party must respect the fundamental principles of democracy, respect for fundamental rights and the rule of law established by the Treaty on European Union.
Participation in European political debate: a European political party must have established itself as a political group within the European Parliament or intend to establish one or to participate in an existing group.
Labour Party - Politics.ie Wiki (1385 words)
The Labour Party was founded in 1912 in Clonmel by James Connolly, James Larkin and William O'Brien as the political wing of the Irish Trade Union Congress.
The merged party's performance in the 1999 Local Election and 1999 European Election was mixed, with very positive results in the capital where it emerged as the second-largest grouping in Dublin, and Party President Proinsias De Rossa was elected to the European Parliament.
Labour is a member party of the Party of European Socialists, with Ruairi Quinn as its Vice President and Treasurer.
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