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Encyclopedia > European cinema

European cinema is the cinema of Europe. Compared to the cinema of the United States, European cinema has the reputation of being more liberal when it comes to the representation of nudity and sexuality but less liberal when it comes to the depiction of violence. In the US, European cinema, like world cinema, is often shown in art house theatres. Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... The Cinema of Albania had its start in the years 1911-1912. ... The cinema of Croatia has suffered in recent years, with quality films being few and far between in comparison to other countries. ... The Czech Republic (both as an independent country and as a part of former Czechoslovakia) was a seedbed for many acclaimed film directors. ... Danish cinema pioneer Peter Elfelt, a photographer, was the first Dane to make a film. ... France has been influential in the development of film as a mass medium and as an art form. ... When the film industry first flowered in the period from 1900 to 1915, it took hold in Europe as well as America. ... // Beginning In the spring of 1897, the Greeks of Athens had the opportunity and privilege to watch the first cinematic attempts (short movies in journal). The projection of an animated movie resulted in excited reactions and the new-seen spectacle became a usual matter of discussion. ... This article needs copyediting (checking for proper English spelling, grammar, usage, tone, style, and voice). ... The Luxembourg film industry is quite small, but this is unsurprising given that the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg has a population of only about 400,000 people. ... The Dutch film industry is relatively small, though there have broadly been several very active periods in recent history in which Dutch filmmaking thrived. ... // Directors Józef Arkusz Stanisław Bareja Aleksander Ford Wojciech Has Agnieszka Holland Jerzy Hoffman Jerzy Kawalerowicz Krzysztof Kieślowski -- The Three Colors trilogy, The Decalogue Jan Jakub Kolski Kazimierz Kutz Juliusz Machulski Andrzej Munk Marek Piwowski Roman Polański Ladislas Starevich Wladyslaw Starewicz Andrzej Wajda Krzysztof Zanussi Andrzej Zulawski... Portuguese cinema is better known internacionally for its directors Manoel de Oliveira and João César Monteiro. ... The Russian Empire (1896-1917) The first films seen in Russia were via the Lumiere Brothers, in Moscow and St. ... Soviet Cinema should not be used as a synonym for Russian Cinema. Although Russian language films predominated, several of the constituent republics of the Soviet Union contributed films reflecting elements of their pre-Soviet culture, language and history, although sometimes censored by the Central Government. ... Spanish cinema is not held in as high esteem worldwide as French or American cinema. ... Swedish cinema is one of the most widely-known national cinemas in the world, and certainly the most prominent of Scandinavia. ... Michael Caine in Get Carter (1971) The United Kingdom has been influential in the technological, commercial, and artistic development of cinema. ... World map showing Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is conventionally considered one of the seven continents which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiogeographic one. ... The cinema of the United States, although it is sometimes simply referred to as Hollywood does not refer only to the film industry of the United States of America. ... This page is a candidate to be moved to Wiktionary. ... Art film is a film genre with a loose narrative, often experimental, presented as a serious artistic work. ...

Some notable European film movements include German Expressionism, Italian neorealism, French New Wave and New German Cinema. F.W. Murnaus Nosferatu German Expressionism, also referred to as expressionism in filmmaking, developed in Germany (especially Berlin) during the 1920s. ... Italian neorealism is a film movement lasting from about 1943 to 1952. ... ... When the movie industry first flowered in the period from 1900 to 1915, it took hold in Europe as well as America. ...

The cinema of Europe has its own awards, the European Movie Awards. The European Movie Awards are the most prestigious paneuropean movie awards. ...

Notable European film festivals

Main article: Film Festivals in Europe

// Austria International Youth Film Festival (Kundl) Youth Film Festival Homepage Crossing Europe (Linz) Die Diagonale (Graz) Steirischer Herbst (Graz) Viennale (Vienna) Vienna Independent Shorts (Vienna) Belgium Brussels International Festival of Contemporary Silent Film Flanders International Film Festival Ghent Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo Film Festival Croatia Croatian Minute Movie Cup Motovun... The Venice Film Festival (Mostra Internazionale dArte Cinematografica) takes place every year in late August/early September on the Lido di Venezia in the historic Palazzo del Cinema on the Lungomare Marconi, in Venice, Italy. ... The Berlin International Film Festival, also called the Berlinale, is one of the most important film festivals in Europe and the World. ... The Palais des Festivals (2000) The Cannes Film Festival (French: le Festival international du film de Cannes or simply le Festival de Cannes) is the worlds most prestigious film festival, first held from September 20 to October 5, 1946 in the resort town of Cannes, in the south of... The Festival de Cine de Sitges (also known as Festival Internacional de Cinema de Cataluña) is one of the most recognizable film festivals held in Europe and considered the worlds best festival specializing in science fiction film. ...

External Links

  • European Cinema Research Forum
  • Studies in European Cinema



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