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Encyclopedia > European anthem
"Ode to Joy"
Anthem
Writer(s) Friedrich Schiller (German, unofficial)
Peter Roland (Latin, unofficial)
Composer(s) Ludwig van Beethoven
4th movement (European Union anthem) samples:
Ode to Joy
String version from 1997.
Problems listening to the file? See media help
Ode to Joy
Electric keyboard version.
Problems listening to the file? See media help
  • Problems playing the files? See media help.
See also: Symphony No. 9 (Beethoven)

Ludwig van Beethoven's "Ode to Joy" is the adopted European anthem, by the Council of Europe and the European Union. It is played on official occasions by both organisations. A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that is evoking and eulogising the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognised either by a countrys government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... A songwriter is someone who writes the lyrics to songs, the musical composition or melody to songs, or both. ... Friedrich Schiller “Schiller” redirects here. ... Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... “Beethoven” redirects here. ... Image File history File links Ode_to_Joy_violin. ... Ode to Joy. ... Composer Ludwig van Beethoven The Symphony No. ... “Beethoven” redirects here. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that is evoking and eulogising the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognised either by a countrys government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... Anthem Ode to Joy (orchestral)  ten founding members joined subsequently observer at the Parliamentary Assembly observer at the Committee of Ministers  official candidate Seat Strasbourg, France Membership 47 European states 6 observers (Council) 3 observers (Assembly) Leaders  -  Secretary General Terry Davis  -  Commissioner for Human Rights Thomas Hammarberg Establishment  -  Treaty of...

Contents

History and usage

The European anthem is based on the final movement of Beethoven's 9th Symphony composed in 1823, which contains a modified version of the lyrics of Friedrich Schiller's ode, An die Freude (German for Ode To Joy) written in 1785. This poem expresses Schiller's idealistic vision of the human race becoming brothers — a vision Beethoven shared. Download high resolution version (662x826, 99 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (662x826, 99 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... “Beethoven” redirects here. ... An anthem is a composition to an English religious text sung in the context of an Anglican service. ... In music, a movement is a large division of a larger composition or musical form. ... “Beethoven” redirects here. ... Composer Ludwig van Beethoven The Symphony No. ... Friedrich Schiller “Schiller” redirects here. ... To Joy (An die Freude in German, in English often familiarly called the Ode to Joy rather than To Joy) is an ode written in 1785 by the German poet and historian Friedrich Schiller, known especially for its musical setting by Beethoven in the fourth and final movement of his... To Joy (An die Freude in German, in English often familiarly called the Ode to Joy rather than To Joy) is an ode written in 1785 by the German poet and historian Friedrich Schiller, known especially for its musical setting by Ludwig van Beethoven in the fourth and final movement...


In 1971 the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe decided to propose adopting the prelude to the Ode To Joy from Beethoven's 9th Symphony as the European anthem. The Council of European Ministers officially announced the European Anthem on January 19th 1972 at Strasbourg: the prelude to "The Ode to Joy", 4th movement of Ludwig van Beethoven's 9th symphony. Anthem Ode to Joy (orchestral)  ten founding members joined subsequently observer at the Parliamentary Assembly observer at the Committee of Ministers  official candidate Seat Strasbourg, France Membership 47 European states 6 observers (Council) 3 observers (Assembly) Leaders  -  Secretary General Terry Davis  -  Commissioner for Human Rights Thomas Hammarberg Establishment  -  Treaty of... To Joy (An die Freude in German, in English often familiarly called the Ode to Joy rather than To Joy) is an ode written in 1785 by the German poet and historian Friedrich Schiller, known especially for its musical setting by Ludwig van Beethoven in the fourth and final movement... “Beethoven” redirects here. ... Composer Ludwig van Beethoven The Symphony No. ...


The well-known conductor Herbert von Karajan was asked to write three instrumental arrangements - for solo piano, for wind instruments and for symphony orchestra and he conducted the performance used to make the official recording. He wrote his decisions on the score, notably those concerning the tempo. Karajan decided on crotchet = 120 whereas Beethoven had written minim = 80. Herbert von Karajan (April 5, 1908 – July 16, 1989) was an Austrian conductor. ... In music, a quarter note (American) or crotchet (Commonwealth) is played for one quarter of the duration of a whole note. ... In music, a half note (American) or minim is a note played for one half the duration of a whole note, hence the name. ...


Status and usage

The anthem was launched via a major information campaign on Europe Day in 1972. In 1985, it was adopted by EU heads of State and government as the official anthem of the then European Community - since 1993 the European Union. It is not intended to replace the national anthems of the Member States but rather to celebrate the values they all share and their unity in diversity. It expresses the ideals of a united Europe: freedom, peace, and solidarity.[1].


It was to have been included in the European Constitution along with the other European symbols, however the treaty failed ratification and was replaced by the Reform Treaty which will not include any symbols. In response, the European Parliament decided it would make greater use of the anthem, for example at official occasions. Parliament President Hans-Gert Pöttering stated he was moved when the anthem was played for him on his visit to Israel and ought to be used in Europe more often.[2] The Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe, commonly referred to as the European Constitution, is an international treaty intended to create a constitution for the European Union. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into articles entitled Europe Day and In varietate concordia, accessible from a disambiguation page. ... The Reform Treaty (also referred to as; future institutional settlement or new legal basis, among others) is a proposed replacement for the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe (European Constitution). ... Established 1952, as the Common Assembly President Hans-Gert Pöttering (EPP) Since 16 January 2007 Vice-Presidents 14 Rodi Kratsa-Tsagaropoulou (EPP) Alejo Vidal-Quadras (EPP) Gérard Onesta (Greens – EFA) Edward McMillan-Scott (ED) Mario Mauro (EPP) Miguel Angel Martínez Martínez (PES) Luigi Cocilovo (ALDE) Mechtild... The President of the European Parliament oversees all the activities of the European Parliament and its constituent bodies. ... Hans-Gert Pöttering (often written as Poettering; born September 15, 1945 in Bersenbrück, Lower Saxony) is a German conservative politician (CDU), and has been President of the European Parliament since January 2007. ...


Unofficial lyrics

Friedrich Schiller wrote the poem An die Freude or Ode to Joy in 1785. It became the basis for Beethoven's composition. The German lyrics aren't official to the EU due to the multilingualism of the Union
Friedrich Schiller wrote the poem An die Freude or Ode to Joy in 1785. It became the basis for Beethoven's composition. The German lyrics aren't official to the EU due to the multilingualism of the Union

Due to the large number of languages used in the European Union, the anthem is purely instrumental and the German lyrics have no official status. For the German lyrics refer to the article about the 9th Symphony. Public domain image from http://www. ... Public domain image from http://www. ... Friedrich Schiller “Schiller” redirects here. ... Composer Ludwig van Beethoven The Symphony No. ...


Suggested Latin lyrics to the anthem have been written by the Austrian composer Peter Roland, but these lyrics have not been accorded official status, and are not used by the EU[3]. Former Commission president and current Prime Minister of Italy Romano Prodi has expressed the wish that this version may become a second national anthem to all European citizens[4]. The Latin lyrics have been sung many times outside official EU occasions, notably by the Spanish singer Miguel Ríos in 1970[citation needed] and by Austrian singer Wiener Singverein.[5] For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... François-Xavier Ortoli, Romano Prodi, José Manuel Barroso and Jacques Delors The President of the European Commission is notionally the highest ranking unelected official within the European Union bureaucracy. ... The prime minister of Italy is officially the President of the Council of Ministers (Italian: ). // List of Presidents of the Italian Republic Politics of Italy History of Italy Italian Minister of the Interior Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs Italian Minister of Defense Italian Minister of Justice Italian Minister of Public...   (born 9 August 1939) is an Italian politician. ... Miguel Ríos (Chauchina, Granada, Spain June 7 de 1944) is a Spanish singer, composer, actor and one of the pioneers of Rock & Roll in Spain. ...


Unofficial latin lyrics

Latin original
Est Europa nunc unita
et unita maneat;
una in diversitate
pacem mundi augeat.
Semper regant in Europa
fides et iustitia
et libertas populorum
in maiore patria.
Cives, floreat Europa,
opus magnum vocat vos.
Stellae signa sunt in caelo
aureae, quae iungant nos.
English translation (literally and without rhyme)
Europe is united now
United it may remain;
Our unity in diversity
May contribute to world peace.
May there forever reign in Europe
Faith and justice
And freedom for its people
In a greater motherland
Citizens, Europe shall flourish,
A great task calls on you.
Golden stars in the sky are
The symbols that shall unite us.

A rhyme is a repetition of identical or similar terminal sounds in two or more different words (i. ...

Unofficial german lyrics

German original
Freude, schöner Götterfunken,
Tochter aus Elysium!
Wir betreten feuertrunken,
Himmlische, Dein Heiligtum.
Deine Zauber binden wieder,
Was die Mode streng geteilt,
Alle Menschen werden Brüder,
Wo Dein sanfter Flügel weilt.
English translation
Joy, beautiful spark of God
Daughter of Elysium
We enter fire-imbibed
Heavenly, thy sanctuary
Thy magic reunites those
whom stern custom has parted
All men will become brothers
Under thy gentle wing

Elysian redirects here. ...

See also

Europe Portal

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... National symbols are symbols of any entity considering itself and manifesting itself to the world as a national community (independent states, but also nations and countries in a state of colonialor other dependence, (con)federal integration, even an ethno-cultural community considered a nationality despite the absence of any political... It has been suggested that this article be split into articles entitled Europe Day and In varietate concordia, accessible from a disambiguation page. ... The Flag of Europe consists of a circle of twelve golden (yellow) stars on a blue background. ...

References

  1. ^ Emblemes Council of Europe
  2. ^ Beunderman, Mark (2007-07-11). MEPs defy member states on EU symbols. EU Observer. Retrieved on 2007-07-12.
  3. ^ Hymnus Latinus Europae www.hymnus-europae.at
  4. ^ A Latin European Anthem - supported by Romano Prodi, ARLT
  5. ^ A Latin European Anthem - supported by Romano Prodi, ARLT

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 192nd day of the year (193rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 193rd day of the year (194th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • The European Anthem and downloads - Council of Europe website
  • Delegation of the European Commission (mp3 available there)
  • The European Anthem - European Commission website
  • European anthem European NAvigator
  • Beethoven's Ninth: A Political History, Esteban Buch (Trans. Richard Miller), ISBN 0-226-07824-8 (University Of Chicago Press)

  Results from FactBites:
 
European symbols - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (749 words)
The flag was adopted in 1985 by all EU heads of State and government as the official emblem of the European Union and, since the beginning of 1986, it is used by all European institutions.
The anthem was originally adopted by the Council of Europe in 1972 and by the European Union in 1985.
The European motto is Unity in diversity (Latin: In varietate concordia).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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